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Find video protocols related to scientific articles indexed in Pubmed.
Quantitative analysis of sitagliptin using the (19)F-NMR method: a universal technique for fluorinated compound detection.
Analyst
PUBLISHED: 11-11-2014
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To expand the application scope of nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) technology in quantitative analysis of pharmaceutical ingredients, (19)F nuclear magnetic resonance ((19)F-NMR) spectroscopy has been employed as a simple, rapid, and reproducible approach for the detection of a fluorine-containing model drug, sitagliptin phosphate monohydrate (STG). ciprofloxacin (Cipro) has been used as the internal standard (IS). Influential factors, including the relaxation delay time (d1) and pulse angle, impacting the accuracy and precision of spectral data are systematically optimized. Method validation has been carried out in terms of precision and intermediate precision, linearity, limit of detection (LOD) and limit of quantification (LOQ), robustness, and stability. To validate the reliability and feasibility of the (19)F-NMR technology in quantitative analysis of pharmaceutical analytes, the assay result has been compared with that of (1)H-NMR. The statistical F-test and student t-test at 95% confidence level indicate that there is no significant difference between these two methods. Due to the advantages of (19)F-NMR, such as higher resolution and suitability for biological samples, it can be used as a universal technology for the quantitative analysis of other fluorine-containing pharmaceuticals and analytes.
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Spontaneous exfoliation and tailoring of MoS2 in mixed solvents.
Chem. Commun. (Camb.)
PUBLISHED: 11-10-2014
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Spontaneous exfoliation of MoS2 is achieved in H2O2-NMP mixed solvents with a yield of over 60 wt%, operated under mild conditions. H2O2-prompted sheet-tailoring effect induces a size evolution of MoS2 nanosheets from micro-scale to nano-scale. Furthermore, the concurrent dissolution also affords an approach to introduce structural defects in the nanosheets.
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Silencing of NUF2 Inhibits Tumor Growth and Induces Apoptosis in Human Hepatocellular Carcinomas.
Asian Pac. J. Cancer Prev.
PUBLISHED: 11-07-2014
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As an important component of the NDC80 kinetochore complex, NUF2 is essential for kinetochore-microtubule attachment and chromosome segregation. Previous studies also suggested its involvement in development of various kinds of human cancers, however, its expression and functions in human hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) are still unclear.
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[The research on residual amplitude modulation characteristics in fiber frequency modulation spectroscopy].
Guang Pu Xue Yu Guang Pu Fen Xi
PUBLISHED: 11-01-2014
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Frequency modulation spectroscopy (FMS) not only can be used to simultaneously measure the absorption and dispersion of atoms and molecules, but is the key technology of the noise immunity cavity enhanced optical heterodyne molecular spectroscopy (NICE-OHMS). The optical devices or the instability of output light polarization of the laser source will induce the residual amplitude modulation (RAM) in the FMS. RAM greatly limits the FMS technology application in trace gas detection, so the research on the RAM characteristics in the FMS has very important significance. Firstly, the lineshape of FMS without absorption was analyzed, and the impact factors on the RAM were acquired, then the influence of input and output polarization direction and electro-optical modulation (EOM) temperature was measured, respectively. They all have linear relationship with the RAM. The results verify the theoretical analysis and provide the basis for reducing the RAM and other related working.
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[Camostat mesilate, a protease inhibitor, inhibits visceral sensitivity and spinal c-fos expression in rats with acute restraint stress].
Nan Fang Yi Ke Da Xue Xue Bao
PUBLISHED: 10-28-2014
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To observe the effect of gut protease activity on visceral hypersensitivity in rats with acute restraint stress.
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Carotid intima media thickness and low high-density lipoprotein (HDL) in South Asian immigrants: could dysfunctional HDL be the missing link?
Arch Med Sci
PUBLISHED: 10-23-2014
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South Asian immigrants (SAIs) in the US exhibit higher prevalence of coronary artery disease (CAD) and its risk factors compared with other ethnic populations. Conventional CAD risk factors do not explain the excess CAD risk; therefore there is a need to identify other markers that can predict future risk of CAD in high-risk SAIs. The objective of the current study is to assess the presence of sub-clinical CAD using common carotid artery intima-media thickness (CCA-IMT), and its association with metabolic syndrome (MS) and pro-inflammatory/dysfunctional HDL (Dys-HDL).
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Crenobacter luteus gen. nov., sp. nov., isolated from a hot spring.
Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol.
PUBLISHED: 10-22-2014
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A slightly thermophilic, Gram-staining negative and strictly aerobic bacteria, designated strain YIM 78141T, was isolated from a sediment sample collected at Hehua hot spring, Tengchong, Yunnan province, south-west China. Cells of the strain were short-rod-shaped and colonies were yellowish and circular. The strain grew at pH 6.0-10.0 (optimum, pH 8.0-9.0) and 10-55 oC (optimum, 40-50 oC). Phylogenetic analyses based on 16S rRNA gene sequence comparison demonstrated that strain YIM 78141T belongs to the family Neisseriaceae, and it also showed low level similarities of 16S rRNA gene sequences (below 93.4%) compared to all other genera in this family. The only quinone was ubiquinone 8 and the genomic DNA G+C content was 67.3 mol%. Major fatty acids (>5 %) were C12:0, C16:0, C18:1 ?7c and summed feature 3. The polar lipids consisted of diphosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylethanolamine, phosphatidyl methylethanolamine, phospholipids of unknown structure containing aminoglycophospholipid and three unidentified polar lipids. On the basis of the morphological, physiological and biochemical characteristics as well as genotypic data, this strain should be classified as a novel genus and species of the family Neisseriaceae, for which the name Crenobacter luteus gen. nov., sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is YIM 78141T (= BCRC 80650T= KCTC 32558T= DSM 27258T).
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[Progress in the studies on neuronal nitric oxide synthase inhibitors].
Yao Xue Xue Bao
PUBLISHED: 09-13-2014
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Nitric oxide (NO), which is involved in the regulation of the cardiovascular system, nervous system, immune system, reproductive system, digestive system and other physiological activities, is an important biological substance with activity. Under normal physiological conditions, neuronal nitric oxide synthase (nNOS) can precisely regulate the nervous system NO production, release, diffusion and inactivation processes. But an excess of NO associates with the development of cerebral ischemia, Alzheimer's and Parkinson's psychosis nervous system diseases, while inhibition of nNOS activity can regulate the content of NO in vivo, and produce a therapeutic effect on some of the nervous system diseases. This review mainly describes the structure and regulation of nNOS and recent developments of small molecule inhibitors of nNOS.
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[Relationship between serum galeetin-3 levels and mortality of subacute on chronic liver failure].
Zhonghua Gan Zang Bing Za Zhi
PUBLISHED: 09-01-2014
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To study the correlation between clinically detected serum galectin-3 levels and prognosis of liver failure.
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Simultaneous determination and pharmacokinetic study of gambogic acid and gambogenic acid in rat plasma after oral administration of Garcinia hanburyi extracts by LC-MS/MS.
Biomed. Chromatogr.
PUBLISHED: 08-27-2014
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Gambogic acid and gambogenic acid are two major bioactive components of Garcinia hanburyi, and play a pivotal role in biologic activity. In this study, a specific and sensitive liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry was developed and validated for simultaneous determination of gambogic acid and gambogenic acid in rat plasma. Chromatographic separation was achieved on a C18 column using an isocratic elution with methanol-10 mm ammonium acetate buffer-acetic acid (90:10:0.1, v/v/v) as the mobile phase. The detection was performed on a triple-quadrupole tandem mass spectrometer equipped with electrospray positive ionization using multiple reaction monitoring modes. The transitions monitored were m/z 629.3 [M + H](+) ? 573.2 for gambogic acid, m/z 631.2 [M + H](+) ? 507.2 for gambogenic acid and m/z 444.2 [M + NH4 ](+) ? 83.1 for IS. Linear calibration curves were obtained in the concentration range of 2.00-1000 ng/mL for gambogic acid and 0.500-250 ng/mL for gambogenic acid. The lower limits of quantification of gambogic acid and gambogenic acid in rat plasma were 2.00 and 0.500 ng/mL, respectively. The intra- and inter-day precision (RSD) values were <11.7% and accuracy (RE) was -10.6-12.4% at three QC levels for both analytes. The assay was successfully applied to evaluate pharmacokinetics behavior in rats after oral administration of Garcinia hanburyi extracts. Copyright © 2014 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
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Conjugated Donor-Acceptor-Acceptor (D-A-A) Molecule for Organic Nonvolatile Resistor Memory.
Chem Asian J
PUBLISHED: 08-22-2014
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A new donor-acceptor-acceptor (D-A-A) type of conjugated molecule, N-(4-(N',N'-diphenyl)phenylamine)-4-(4'-(2,2-dicyanovinyl)phenyl) naphthalene-1,8-dicarboxylic monoimide (TPA-NI-DCN), consisting of triphenylamine (TPA) donors and naphthalimide (NI)/dicyanovinylene (DCN) acceptors was synthesized and characterized. In conjunction with previously reported D-A based materials, the additional DCN moiety attached as end group in the D-A-A configuration can result in a stable charge transfer (CT) and charge-separated state to maintain the ON state current. The vacuum-deposited TPA-NI-DCN device fabricated as an active memory layer was demonstrated to exhibit write-once-read-many (WORM) switching characteristics of organic nonvolatile memory due to the strong polarity of the TPA-NI-DCN moiety.
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Targeted depletion of tumour-associated macrophages by an alendronate-glucomannan conjugate for cancer immunotherapy.
Biomaterials
PUBLISHED: 08-21-2014
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Tumour-associated macrophages (TAMs) are a set of macrophages residing in the tumour microenvironment. They play essential roles in mediating tumour angiogenesis, metastasis and immune evasion. Delivery of therapeutic agents to eliminate TAMs can be a promising strategy for cancer immunotherapy but an efficient vehicle to target these cells is still in pressing need. In this study, we developed a bisphosphonate-glucomannan conjugate that could efficiently target and specifically eliminate TAMs in the tumour microenvironment. We employed the polysaccharide from Bletilla striata (BSP), a glucomannan affinitive for macrophages that express abundant mannose receptors, to conjugate alendronate (ALN), a bisphosphonate compound with in vitro macrophage-inhibiting activities. In both in vitro and in vivo tests, the prepared ALN-BSP conjugate could preferentially accumulate in macrophages and induced them into apoptosis. In the subcutaneous S180 tumour-bearing mice model, the treatment using ALN-BSP effectively eliminated TAMs, remarkably inhibited angiogenesis, recovered local immune surveillance, and eventually suppressed tumour progression, without eliciting any unwanted effect such as systematic immune response. Interestingly, ALN alone failed to exhibit any anti-TAM activity in vivo, probably because this compound was susceptible to the mildly acidic tumour microenvironment. Taken together, these results demonstrate the potential of ALN-BSP as a safe and efficient tool targeted at direct depletion of TAMs for cancer immunotherapy.
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[Allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation for chronic myelomonocytic leukemia and juvenile myelomonocytic leukemia].
Zhongguo Shi Yan Xue Ye Xue Za Zhi
PUBLISHED: 08-19-2014
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This study was purposed to explore the therapeutic efficacy and influencing factors of allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT) in patients with chronic myelomonocytic leukemia (CMML) and in patients with juvenile myelomonocytic leukemia (JMML). The clinical data of 3 cases of CMML and 2 cases of JMML underwent allo-HSCT were analysed in term of multiparameter. The results showed that the hematopoictic stem cells in 5 patients grafted successfully. One case of JMML died of pulmonary disease, other 4 cases survive without disease. The analysis found that the disease burden before transplant, chromosome karyotype, acute GVHD II-IV and poor risk cytogenetics all associated with the relapse rate and disease-free survival rate of CMML. The low intensity conditioning regimen was better than myeloablative conditioning regimen. Type of donor and source of stem cells did not statistically and significantly affect OS and RFS. The splenectomy before allo-HSCT as well as spleen size at time of the alloHSCT did not influence on posttransplantation outcome of JMML. However, cord blood HSCT for JMML patients delayed hematologic recovery as compared to that of bone marrow or peripheral blood HSCT. The age, GVHD, HbF level played an important role in leukemia resplase. It is concluded that the allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation is a curative regimen for CMML and JMML, but there also is a serial problems to be resolved.
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Successful endoscopic treatment of an intestinal diospyrobezoar migrated from the stomach.
BMJ Case Rep
PUBLISHED: 08-08-2014
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Diospyrobezoars are a rare cause of small intestinal obstruction. A 78-year-old man, with a history of persimmons ingestion and gastrectomy, presented with upper abdominal pain and weight loss. The upper gastrointestinal endoscopy showed a huge bezoar in the stomach. After initial endoscopic fragmentation, the abdominal X-ray revealed intestinal obstruction and the colonoscopy showed large fragments of the bezoar filling the terminal ileum. The migrated bezoar pieces were successfully removed by endoscopic fragmentation with a cutting lithotripter.
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Forecasting longitudinal changes in oropharyngeal tumor morphology throughout the course of head and neck radiation therapy.
Med Phys
PUBLISHED: 08-04-2014
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To create models that forecast longitudinal trends in changing tumor morphology and to evaluate and compare their predictive potential throughout the course of radiation therapy.
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Flow cytometric analysis of signaling and apoptosis in hematopoietic stem cells.
Methods Mol. Biol.
PUBLISHED: 07-27-2014
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The analysis of protein phosphorylation in hematopoietic stem cells (HSCs) provides a powerful tool for studying the cell signaling activities that mediate HSC fate decisions, such as self-renewal, differentiation, and apoptosis. The first part of this chapter describes a method of intracellular staining for phosphorylated proteins in conjunction with membrane staining for multiple hematopoietic cell-surface markers, and subsequent flow cytometric analysis of protein phosphorylation levels [indicated by mean fluorescence intensity (MFI) of specific fluorochromed phospho-antibodies] in primitive hematopoietic cells. The second part describes a method for assessing the frequency of apoptosis in HSCs using extracellular staining with recombinant Annexin V and 7-Amino-Actinomycin (7-AAD). Both parts involve an initial magnetic enrichment of hematopoietic stem/progenitor cells from bone marrow. Because of the intracellular detection required for the HSC signaling assay, this assay also includes cell fixation and permeabilization. Gating strategies for assessing MFI and the frequency of Annexin V(+) apoptotic cells in a complex population are also described along with representative examples.
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[Effect of BU and CY versus TBI and CY as conditioning regimens on the efficacy of haploidentical stem cell transplantation in patients with hematologic malignancy].
Zhonghua Xue Ye Xue Za Zhi
PUBLISHED: 07-03-2014
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To investigate the therapeutic effects of the conditioning regimen with busulfan plus cyclophosphamide (BU+CY) or total body irradiation plus cyclophosphamide (TBI+CY) on haploidentical stem cell transplantation (HSCT) in hematologic malignancy.
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Double acoustic microresonator quartz-enhanced photoacoustic spectroscopy.
Opt Lett
PUBLISHED: 07-01-2014
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Quartz-enhanced photoacoustic spectroscopy (QEPAS) based on double acoustic microresonators (AmRs) is developed and experimentally investigated. The double AmR spectrophone configuration exhibits a strong acoustic coupling between the AmR and the quartz tuning fork, which results in a ?5??ms fast response time. Moreover, the double AmRs provide two independent detection channels that allow optical signal addition or cancellation from different optical wavelengths and facilitate rapid multigas sensing measurements, thereby avoiding laser beam combination.
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Identification of a ternary protein-complex as a therapeutic target for K-Ras-dependent colon cancer.
Oncotarget
PUBLISHED: 06-26-2014
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A cancer phenotype is driven by several proteins and targeting a cluster of functionally interdependent molecules should be more effective for therapeutic intervention. This is specifically important for Ras-dependent cancer, as mutated (MT) Ras is non-druggable and targeting its interaction with effectors may be essential for therapeutic intervention. Here, we report that a protein-complex activated by the Ras effector p38? MAPK is a novel therapeutic target for K-Ras-dependent colon cancer. Unbiased proteomic screening and immune-precipitation analyses identified p38? interaction with heat shock protein 90 (Hsp90) and K-Ras in K-Ras MT, but not wild-type (WT), colon cancer cells, indicating a role of this complex in Ras-dependent growth. Further experiments showed that this complex requires p38? and Hsp90 activity to maintain MT, but not WT, K-Ras protein expression. Additional studies demonstrated that this complex is activated by p38?-induced Hsp90 phosphorylation at S595, which is important for MT K-Ras stability and for K-Ras dependent growth. Of most important, pharmacologically inhibition of Hsp90 or p38? activity disrupts the complex, decreases K-Ras expression, and selectively inhibits the growth of K-Ras MT colon cancer in vitro and in vivo. These results demonstrated that the p38?-activated ternary complex is a novel therapeutic target for K-Ras-dependent colon cancer.
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Honeysuckle-encoded atypical microRNA2911 directly targets influenza A viruses.
Cell Res.
PUBLISHED: 06-18-2014
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Influenza A viruses (IAVs), particularly H1N1, H5N1 and H7N9, pose a substantial threat to public health worldwide. Here, we report that MIR2911, a honeysuckle (HS)-encoded atypical microRNA, directly targets IAVs with a broad spectrum. MIR2911 is highly stable in HS decoction, and continuous drinking or gavage feeding of HS decoction leads to a significant elevation of the MIR2911 level in mouse peripheral blood and lung. Bioinformatics prediction and a luciferase reporter assay showed that MIR2911 could target various IAVs, including H1N1, H5N1 and H7N9. Synthetic MIR2911 significantly inhibited H1N1-encoded PB2 and NS1 protein expression, but did not affect mutants in which the MIR2911-binding nucleotide sequences were altered. Synthetic MIR2911, extracted RNA from HS decoction and HS decoction all significantly inhibited H1N1 viral replication and rescued viral infection-induced mouse weight loss, but did not affect infection with a mutant virus in which the MIR2911-binding nucleotide sequences of PB2 and NS1 were altered. Importantly, the inhibitory effect of HS decoction on viral replication was abolished by an anti-MIR2911 antagomir, indicating that the physiological concentration of MIR2911 in HS decoction could directly and sufficiently suppress H1N1 viral replication. MIR2911 also inhibited H5N1 and H7N9 viral replication in vitro and in vivo. Strikingly, administration of MIR2911 or HS decoction dramatically reduced mouse mortality caused by H5N1 infection. Our results demonstrate that MIR2911 is the first active component identified in Traditional Chinese Medicine to directly target various IAVs and may represent a novel type of natural product that effectively suppresses viral infection.Cell Research advance online publication 7 October 2014; doi:10.1038/cr.2014.130.
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Geothermomicrobium terrae gen. nov., sp. nov., a novel member of the family Thermoactinomycetaceae.
Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol.
PUBLISHED: 06-06-2014
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Strains YIM 77562(T) and YIM 77580, two novel Gram-staining-positive, filamentous bacterial isolates, were recovered from the Rehai geothermal field, Tengchong, Yunnan province, south-west China. Good growth was observed at 50-55 °C and pH 7.0. Aerial mycelium was absent on all media tested. Substrate mycelium was well-developed, long and moderately flexuous, and formed abundant, single, warty, ornamented endospores. Phylogenetic analysis of the 16S rRNA gene sequences of the two strains indicated that they belong to the family Thermoactinomycetaceae. Similarity levels between the 16S rRNA gene sequences of the two strains and those of type strains of members of the Thermoactinomycetaceae were 88.33-93.24?%; the highest sequence similarity was with Hazenella coriacea DSM 45707(T). In both strains, the predominant menaquinone was MK-7, the diagnostic diamino acid was meso-diaminopimelic acid and the major cellular fatty acids were iso-C14?:?0, iso-C15?:?0 and iso-C16?:?0. The major polar lipids were diphosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylmethylethanolamine, unidentified polar lipids and unidentified phospholipids. The genomic DNA G+C contents of strains YIM 77562(T) and YIM 77580 were 45.5 and 44.2 mol%, respectively. DNA-DNA relatedness data suggest that the two isolates represent a single species. Based on phylogenetic analyses and physiological and biochemical characteristics, it is proposed that the two strains represent a single novel species in a new genus, Geothermomicrobium terrae gen. nov., sp. nov. The type strain of Geothermomicrobium terrae is YIM 77562(T) (?=?CCTCC AA 2011022(T)?=?JCM 18057(T)).
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The role of c2orf68 and PI3K/Akt/mTOR pathway in human colorectal cancer.
Med. Oncol.
PUBLISHED: 05-26-2014
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The aim of the research is to determine whether c2orf68 gene plays a role in the carcinogenesis of human colorectal cancer and to study the function of c2orf68 belonging to the UPF0561 family. The mRNA expression levels of c2orf68 were examined in 30 pairs of human colorectal adenocarcinoma tissues and adjacent normal colorectal tissues by qRT-PCR. The SW480 and SW620 cell lines were transfected with siRNA against the c2orf68 gene and set gene. The expressed mRNA levels of Akt, PI3K, Bax, Bcl-2, caspase3, c-Myc, cyclinD1, pp2a and set were determined by qRT-PCR, and the protein levels of C2ORF68, c-Myc, PP2A and SET were examined by Western blot. Cell proliferation was tested by MTT assay, and apoptosis and cell cycle were studied by flow cytometry. Cancer metastasis assay was performed by transwell chamber. The c2orf68 mRNA expression was down-regulated in 63.33 % of the cancer samples, and a positive correlation was found between the mRNA expression of c-Myc and pp2a that of c2orf68. Meanwhile, there was a negative correlation between the mRNA expression of c2orf68 and set. The c2orf68 mRNA was significantly down-regulated in SW480(-c2orf68) and SW620(-c2orf68) cells. The inhibitory rate in the two cell lines was, respectively, 65.2 and 71.6 % by qRT-PCR. A 22.7 % inhibition on cell proliferation in SW480(-c2orf68) cells and a 21.2 % inhibition in SW620(-c2orf68) cells were observed using the MTT assay. Flow cytometry analysis indicates that the cell apoptosis rate was 21.42 % in SW480(-c2orf68) cells and 17.78 % in SW620(-c2orf68) cells, whereas the percentage of G1 phase cells was 61.8 and 58.6 % in SW480(-c2orf68) and SW620(-c2orf68) cells, respectively. In addition, the mRNA expression of set and Bax was up-regulated after c2orf68 interfered in SW480(-c2orf68) and SW620(-c2orf68) cells, whereas that of Bcl-2, c-Myc, cyclinD1, caspase3 and pp2a was down-regulated. Consistent with the mRNA results, the protein expression of C2ORF68, PP2A and c-Myc was down-regulated, whereas that of SET was up-regulated. Our data thus suggest that c2orf68 promotes carcinogenesis through the regulation of mammalian target of rapamycin signaling pathway.
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Construction of a standard reference plasmid containing seven target genes for the detection of transgenic cotton.
Plasmid
PUBLISHED: 05-23-2014
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Insect resistance and herbicide tolerance are the dominant traits of commercialized transgenic cotton. In this study, we constructed a general standard reference plasmid for transgenic cotton detection. Target genes, including the cowpea trypsin gene cptI, the insect resistance gene cry1Ab/1Ac, the herbicide tolerance gene cp4-epsps, the Agrobacterium tumefaciens nopaline synthase (Nos) terminator that exists in transgenic cotton and part of the endogenous cotton SadI gene were amplified from plasmids pCPT1, pBT, pCP4 and pBI121 and from DNA of the nontransgenic cotton line K312, respectively. The genes cry1Ab/1Ac and cptI, as well as cp4-epsps and the Nos terminator gene, were ligated together to form the fusion genes cptI-Bt and cp4-Nos, respectively, by overlapping PCR. We checked the validity of genes Sad1, cptI-Bt and cp4-Nos by DNA sequencing. Then, positive clones of cptI-Bt, cp4-Nos and Sad1 were digested with the corresponding restriction enzymes and ligated sequentially into vector pCamBIA2300, which contains the CAMV 35S promoter and nptII gene, to form the reference plasmid pMCS. Qualitative detection showed that pMCS is a good positive control for transgenic cotton detection. Real-time PCR detection efficiencies with pMCS as a calibrator ranged from 94.35% to 98.67% for the standard curves of the target genes (R(2)?0.998). The relative standard deviation of the mean value for the known sample was 11.95%. These results indicate that the strategy of using the pMCS plasmid as a reference material is feasible and reliable for the detection of transgenic cotton. Therefore, this plasmid can serve as a useful reference tool for qualitative and quantitative detection of single or stacked trait transgenic cotton, thus paving the way for the identification of various products containing components of transgenic cotton.
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[Theoretical analysis of the residual amplitude modulation of frequency modulation strong absorption spectroscopy].
Guang Pu Xue Yu Guang Pu Fen Xi
PUBLISHED: 05-15-2014
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In the present paper a phase controllable waveplate model was applied to the analysis of polarization maintaining fiber. Under the temperatures of 24 degrees C and 26.8 degrees C there is no residual amplitude modulation (RAM) existing in frequency modulation spectroscopy (FMS) when performing the measurement of fiber temperature dependence on the RAM. However, the temperature setting can not reduce the background long term drift and a servo feedback suggested by N. C. Wong and J. L. Hall can be used to actively reduce the RAM. The error signal for feedback is from the dispersion background signal of FMS without gas sample. The variation of RAM induced by the temperature changing of PM fiber is the main reason for the long term background drift of dispersion signal of FMS.
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Simultaneous quantification of two steroidal glycosides after oral gavage of Marsdenia tenacissima extract in rats using a LC-MS/MS method.
Biomed. Chromatogr.
PUBLISHED: 05-12-2014
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A specific, sensitive and accurate analytical LC-MS/MS assay was developed for the simultaneous determination of two steroidal glycosides, tenacissoside H and tenacissoside I, in rat plasma. An Agilent ZORBAX SB-C18 column was used with an isocratic mobile phase system composed of methanol-water-formic acid (70:30:0.1, v/v/v) at a flow rate of 0.3?mL/min. The analysis was performed on a positive ionization electrospray mass spectrometer via selected reaction monitoring mode scan. One-step protein precipitation with acetonitrile was chosen to extract the analytes from plasma. The lower limits of quantification were 0.9?ng/mL for tenacissoside H and tenacissoside I. The intra- and inter-day precisions were 2.03-11.56 and 3.76-11.62%, respectively, and the accuracies were <110.28% at all quality control levels. The validated method was applied to a pharmacokinetic study in rats after oral gavage of Marsdenia tenacissima extract. Copyright © 2014 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
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Predicting oropharyngeal tumor volume throughout the course of radiation therapy from pretreatment computed tomography data using general linear models.
Med Phys
PUBLISHED: 05-03-2014
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The purpose of this work was to develop and evaluate the accuracy of several predictive models of variation in tumor volume throughout the course of radiation therapy.
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A tumor environment responsive doxorubicin-loaded nanoparticle for targeted cancer therapy.
Mol. Pharm.
PUBLISHED: 04-25-2014
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Doxorubicin (DOX) is a potent cancer chemotherapeutic agent, but its clinical use is severely limited by potentially lethal cardiotoxicity. Delivery of DOX by particulate carriers can be an effective way to reduce its distribution in cardiac tissue. In the present study, we developed a self-assembled, tumor-microenvironment-responsive delivery system for DOX. The core of the carrier was built upon the DOX/DNA intercalation, which was further combined with cationic gelatin (C-gel) to form the complex GDD. GDD was then packaged into a complex, namely, HDD, based on the electrostatic interactions between the positively charged C-gel and negatively charged human serum albumin (HSA). The HSA molecules on the surface of the complex HDD effectively helped the particle evade the filtration of the body when injected into the circulation and passively accumulate into the tumor sites. After entering the tumor tissue, where albumin is rapidly consumed, GDD was release from HDD and the C-gel was then digested by the tumor-specific matrix metalloproteinase (MMPs) to free the DOX/DNA intercalation. Deoxyribonucleases (DNases) in the tissue could completely destroy the DNA molecules to release DOX into the microenvironments. After a series of in vitro optimization tests, we evaluated the anticancer capacity and cardiac toxicity of HDD in two animal models with cancer. The results suggested that HDD had a higher anticancer efficacy and a significantly lower cardiotoxicity than free DOX. Additionally, the main components of the carrier are all clinically approved materials. Taken together, our present delivery system is safe and efficient and has high potential for further clinical trials.
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MicroRNA-101 suppresses liver fibrosis by targeting the TGF? signalling pathway.
J. Pathol.
PUBLISHED: 04-20-2014
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Transforming growth factor-? (TGF?) is crucial for liver fibrogenesis and the blunting of TGF? signalling in hepatic stellate cells (HSCs) or hepatocytes can effectively inhibit liver fibrosis. microRNAs (miRNAs) have emerged as key regulators in modulating TGF? signalling and liver fibrogenesis. However, the regulation of TGF? receptor I (T?RI) production by miRNA remains poorly understood. Here we demonstrate that the miR-101 family members act as suppressors of TGF? signalling by targeting T?RI and its transcriptional activator Kruppel-like factor 6 (KLF6) during liver fibrogenesis. Using a mouse model of carbon tetrachloride (CCl4 )-induced liver fibrosis, we conducted a time-course experiment and observed significant down-regulation of miR-101 in the fibrotic liver as well as in the activated HSCs and injured hepatocytes in the process of liver fibrosis. Meanwhile, up-regulation of T?RI/KLF6 was observed in the fibrotic liver. Subsequent investigations validated that T?RI and KLF6 were direct targets of miR-101. Lentivirus-mediated ectopic expression of miR-101 in liver greatly reduced CCl4 -induced liver fibrosis, whereas intravenous administration of antisense miR-101 oligonucleotides aggravated hepatic fibrogenesis. Mechanistic studies revealed that miR-101 inhibited profibrogenic TGF? signalling by suppressing T?RI expression in both HSCs and hepatocytes. Additionally, miR-101 promoted the reversal of activated HSCs to a quiescent state, as indicated by suppression of proliferation and migration, loss of activation markers and gain of quiescent HSC-specific markers. In hepatocytes, miR-101 attenuated profibrogenic TGF? signalling and suppressed the consequent up-regulation of profibrogenic cytokines, as well as TGF?-induced hepatocyte apoptosis and the inhibition of cell proliferation. The pleiotropic roles of miR-101 in hepatic fibrogenesis suggest that it could be a potential therapeutic target for liver fibrosis.
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Diterpenoids from Croton laui and their cytotoxic and antimicrobial activities.
J. Nat. Prod.
PUBLISHED: 04-15-2014
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Fourteen new diterpenoids including clerodane (1-12), labdane (13), and norlabdane (14) types, as well as nine known analogues were isolated from the aerial parts of Croton laui. Their structures were established on the basis of spectroscopic analysis, and that of crotonolide H (11) was confirmed by single-crystal X-ray crystallography. Crotonolide A (1) exhibited moderate cytotoxicity against two tumor cell lines, HL-60 (human premyelocytic leukemia, IC50 9.42 ?M) and P-388 (murine leukemia, IC50 7.45 ?M), and crotonolide G (10) displayed significant antibacterial activity against a panel of Gram-positive bacteria.
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Comparison of short-term efficacy and safety of TIROX and DCF regimens for advanced gastric cancer.
J. Int. Med. Res.
PUBLISHED: 04-09-2014
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To compare the short-term efficacy and safety profile of the S-1?+?irinotecan?+?oxaliplatin (TIROX) and docetaxel?+?cisplatin?+?flurouracil (DCF) anticancer regimens in patients with advanced gastric cancer.
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Tumor-secreted miR-214 induces regulatory T cells: a major link between immune evasion and tumor growth.
Cell Res.
PUBLISHED: 04-04-2014
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An increased population of CD4(+)CD25(high)Foxp3(+) regulatory T cells (Tregs) in the tumor-associated microenvironment plays an important role in cancer immune evasion. However, the underlying mechanism remains unclear. Here we observed an increased secretion of miR-214 in various types of human cancers and mouse tumor models. Tumor-secreted miR-214 was sufficiently delivered into recipient T cells by microvesicles (MVs). In targeted mouse peripheral CD4(+) T cells, tumor-derived miR-214 efficiently downregulated phosphatase and tensin homolog (PTEN) and promoted Treg expansion. The miR-214-induced Tregs secreted higher levels of IL-10 and promoted tumor growth in nude mice. Furthermore, in vivo studies indicated that Treg expansion mediated by cancer cell-secreted miR-214 resulted in enhanced immune suppression and tumor implantation/growth in mice. The MV delivery of anti-miR-214 antisense oligonucleotides (ASOs) into mice implanted with tumors blocked Treg expansion and tumor growth. Our study reveals a novel mechanism through which cancer cell actively manipulates immune response via promoting Treg expansion.
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Contrast-enhanced sonographically guided percutaneous 915-MHz microwave ablation therapy compared to local hemostatic drug injection in a renal artery injury model.
J Ultrasound Med
PUBLISHED: 03-25-2014
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The purpose of this study was to show the contrast-enhanced sonographic features of various levels of renal artery rupture and to validate the therapeutic effects of percutaneous 915-MHz microwave ablation compared to hemostatic drug injection (batroxobin) using an in vivo canine renal artery injury model.
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Streptomyces calidiresistens sp. nov., isolated from a hot spring sediment.
Antonie Van Leeuwenhoek
PUBLISHED: 03-16-2014
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A Streptomyces-like actinomycete strain, designated as YIM 78087(T), was isolated from a sediment sample collected from Hehua hot spring in Tengchong, Yunnan province, south-west China. The taxonomic position of strain YIM 78087(T) was investigated by a polyphasic approach. Phylogenetic analyses based on 16S rRNA gene sequences showed that strain YIM 78087(T) belongs to the genus Streptomyces and is closely related to Streptomyces fimbriatus DSM 40942(T), Streptomyces marinus DSM 41968(T) and Streptomyces qinglanensis DSM 42035(T) (97.18, 97.05 and 97.1 % similarity, respectively). Combined with the low values of DNA-DNA hybridization between strain YIM 78087(T) and its closest neighbours, these analyses indicated that this new isolate represents a different genomic species in the genus Streptomyces. The predominant menaquinones of strain YIM 78087(T) were identified as MK-9 (H4) and MK-9 (H6). The major fatty acids were identified as anteiso-C15:0 (28.4 %), anteiso-C17:0 (23.0 %) and iso-C16:0 (15.1 %). The whole-cell hydrolysates found to contain glucose, mannose and ribose. The DNA G+C content was determined to be 73.0 mol%. Based on the comparative analysis of phenotypic and genotypic characteristics, it is proposed that strain YIM 78087(T) represents a novel species of the genus Streptomyces, for which the name Streptomyces calidiresistens sp. nov., is proposed. The type strain is YIM 78087(T) (=BCRC 16955(T)=DSM 42108(T)=JCM 19629(T)).
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Relaxin inhibit cardiac fibrosis induced by phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate.
Biomed. Environ. Sci.
PUBLISHED: 03-15-2014
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Relaxin is known to inhibit cardiac fibrosis. However, it is unclear whether relaxin could regulate the effects of Phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate (PMA, PKC activator) on cardiac fibrosis. So the influence of relaxin on the cell proliferation and collagen expression induced by PMA in cultured cardiac fibroblasts was studied. It showed that PMA significantly increased cardiac fibroblasts proliferation, Type I pro-collagen protein expression, Type I pro-collagen mRNA expression, and rhRLX absolutely significantly decreased PMA induced effects on cardiac fibroblasts proliferation and Type I pro-collagen expressions, indicating that relaxin could inhibit cardiac fibrosis induced by PMA.
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Advantages of simulating thoracic cancer patients in an upright position.
Pract Radiat Oncol
PUBLISHED: 03-14-2014
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To compare lung volume and respiratory motion in supine and upright positions to assess the potential advantages of treating thoracic cancer patients in an upright position.
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Auto-segmentation of low-risk clinical target volume for head and neck radiation therapy.
Pract Radiat Oncol
PUBLISHED: 03-14-2014
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To investigate atlas-based auto-segmentation methods to improve the quality of the delineation of low-risk clinical target volumes (CTVs) of unilateral tonsil cancers.
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The up-regulation of miR-199b-5p in erythroid differentiation is associated with GATA-1 and NF-E2.
Mol. Cells
PUBLISHED: 03-06-2014
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MicroRNAs (miRNAs) represent a class of small non-coding regulatory RNAs that play important roles in normal hematopoiesis, including erythropoiesis. Although studies have identified several miRNAs that regulate erythroid commitment and differentiation, we do not understand the mechanism by which the crucial erythroid transcription factors, GATA-1and NF-E2 directly regulate and control differentiation via miRNA pathways. In this study, we identified miR-199b-5p as a key regulator of human erythropoiesis, and its expression was up-regulated during the erythroid differentiation of K562 cells. Furthermore, the increase of miR-199b-5p in erythroid cells occurred in a GATA-1- and NF-E2-dependent manner during erythrocyte maturation. Both GATA-1 and NF-E2 bound upstream of the miR-199b gene locus and activated its transcription. Forced expression of miRNA-199b-5p in K562 cells affected erythroid cell proliferation and maturation. Moreover, we identified c-Kit as a direct target of miR-199b-5p in erythroid cells. Taken together, our results establish a functional link among the erythroid transcription factors GATA-1/NF-E2, miR-199b-5p and c-Kit, and provide new insights into the coupling of transcription and post-transcription regulation in erythroid differentiation.
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Roseomonas alkaliterrae sp. nov., isolated from an alkali geothermal soil sample in Tengchong, Yunnan, South-West China.
Antonie Van Leeuwenhoek
PUBLISHED: 02-21-2014
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An alkalitolerant, thermotolerant and Gram-stain negative bacterium, designated strain YIM 78007(T), was isolated from an alkaline geothermal soil sample from Hehua hot spring, Tengchong, Yunnan province, south-west China. Cells of strain YIM 78007(T) were observed to be aerobic and short rod-shaped. The colonies were observed to be orange-red, convex and circular. 16S rRNA gene sequence-based phylogenetic analysis showed that strain YIM 78007(T) clustered with members of the genus Roseomonas (with similarities from 97.2 to 92.2 %). Optimal growth of strain YIM 78007 occurs at 40-50 °C and pH 8.0-10.0. The predominant ubiquinone was identified as Q-10 and the major fatty acids were identified as C18:1 ?7c and C16:0. The polar lipids were identified as diphosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylethanolamine, phosphatidylcholine, two unidentified aminolipids and one unknown phospholipid. The G + C content of the genomic DNA was determined to be 63 mol %. The levels of DNA-DNA hybridization relatedness between strain YIM 78007(T) and its closet neighbours (Roseomonas lacus JCM 13283(T) and Roseomonas terrae JCM 14592(T)) were well below the threshold required for the proposal of a novel species. The results of physiological and biochemical characteristics, the phylogenetic analysis, as well as low DNA-DNA hybridization values, allowed the phenotypic and genotypic differentiation of strain YIM 78007(T) from its closest phylogenetic neighbours. Therefore, strain YIM 78007(T) is considered to represent a novel species of the genus Roseomonas, for which the name Roseomonas alkaliterrae sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is YIM 78007(T) (=BCRC 80644(T) = JCM 19656(T)).
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HOXB9 promotes epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition via transforming growth factor-?1 pathway in hepatocellular carcinoma cells.
Clin. Exp. Med.
PUBLISHED: 02-20-2014
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The function of the epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition (EMT) during hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) progression is well established. However, the regulatory mechanisms modulating this phenomenon remain unclear. Homeobox B9 (HOXB9) has been proposed as an oncogene in many cancer developments, but its function and underlying mechanisms in HCC metastasis remain unknown. HOXB9 modulates EMT through the transforming growth factor-?1 (TGF-?1) pathway, which is a recognized regulator of EMT in HCC cells. The knockdown of HOXB9 decreased the migration and invasion of HCC cells. Conversely, the HOXB9 overexpression led to an increase in the above-mentioned phenotypes in HCC cells. Further analysis of HOXB9-regulated cellular functions showed the ability of this transcription factor to induce EMT. Moreover, we demonstrated that the TGF-?1 pathway is important in HOXB9-induced EMT in HCC cells. These findings define a novel cellular mechanism regulated by HOXB9, which controls EMT phenotype in HCC. This study is the first to illustrate the pivotal function of HOXB9 in regulating the metastatic behavior of HCC cells.
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Involvement of SET in the Wnt signaling pathway and the development of human colorectal cancer.
Oncol Lett
PUBLISHED: 02-11-2014
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The SET oncoprotein is involved in cancer progression by modulating multiple cellular processes, including the inhibition of the tumor suppressor, protein phosphatase 2 (PP2A). Based upon these multiple activities, we hypothesized that targeted inhibition of SET is likely to have multiple discrete and measurable effects on cancer cells. In the present study, the mRNA expression levels of SET, PP2A and ?-catenin were examined in 31 pairs of human colorectal adenocarcinoma tissues and corresponding adjacent normal colorectal tissues by quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (qPCR). A small interfering RNA targeting SET was transfected into the human colon carcinoma cell lines, LS174T and SW480. The mRNA levels of SET, PP2A, ?-catenin, c-Myc, E-cadherin and p53 were determined by qPCR analysis and the protein levels of SET, c-Myc, PP2A and ?-catenin were examined by western blot analysis. mRNA expression levels of SET and ?-catenin were found to be elevated in 22 (70.9%) samples, while PP2A expression levels were upregulated in eight (25.8%) samples. In addition, the knockdown of SET mRNA expression caused the upregulation of PP2A and c-Myc in the two cell lines, whereas ?-catenin, E-cadherin and p53 mRNA expression was downregulated. Consistent with these results, the protein expression of ?-catenin and c-Myc was found to be downregulated, whereas PP2A was upregulated at the protein level. Based on these results, we proposed that SET is essential in the carcinogenesis of human colorectal adenocarcinoma. In addition, it is suggested that SET promotes carcinogenesis through regulation of the Wnt signaling pathway.
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A six-year review of more than 13,000 patient-specific IMRT QA results from 13 different treatment sites.
J Appl Clin Med Phys
PUBLISHED: 02-10-2014
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Due to a lack of information regarding the current clinical experience of IMRT QA for a large and varied plan population, we reviewed our patient-specific IMRT quality assurance (QA) results for 13,003 treatment plans from 13 distinct treatment sites from a six-year period. QA records were reviewed for dose difference (single point with ion chamber measurement; ± 3% agreement criteria) and percentage of pixels passing relative dose gamma analysis (film measurement; 90% passing 5%(global)/3 mm agreement criteria) from 2005 through 2011. Plan records were analyzed for trends with measurement date and treatment site. Plans failing to meet QA tolerance criteria were evaluated for follow-up clinical action (i.e., if repeat measurements were performed). The mean difference (± SD) between ion chamber point measurements and calculated doses was -0.29% ± 1.64% (calculated values being slightly higher) and, regarding planar dose evaluations, the mean percentage of pixels passing the gamma criteria of 5%(global)/3 mm was 97.7% (lower 95th percentile: 92.2%). 97.7% and 99.3% of plans passed the point dose and planar dose verification, respectively. We observed statistically significant differences (p< 0.05) in both point dose and planar dose verification measurements as a function of treatment site (particularly for stereotactic spine and mesothelioma sites) and measurement date (average agreement improved with time). However, despite improved dosimetric agreement, the percentage of failing plans has remained nearly constant at 2.3%.
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Association of genetic variants in GN?3 with functional dyspepsia: a meta-analysis.
Dig. Dis. Sci.
PUBLISHED: 02-05-2014
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Functional dyspepsia (FD) is a functional upper gastrointestinal disorder. The etiology and pathogenesis of FD remain unclear, with genetic factors playing an important role. Previous studies investigated the association of C825T in GN?3 with FD, with conflicting results reported.
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DNA methylation downregulated mir-10b acts as a tumor suppressor in gastric cancer.
Gastric Cancer
PUBLISHED: 01-31-2014
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MicroRNAs act as tumor suppressors or oncogenes. The pathological roles of miRNAs in gastric tumorigenesis are largely unknown. Although miR-10b was identified as an miRNA deregulator expressed in gastric cancer (GC), there also exists some debate on whether miR-10b is acting as tumor suppressor or oncogene in GC.
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Zhizhongheella caldifontis gen. nov., sp. nov., a novel member of the family Comamonadaceae.
Antonie Van Leeuwenhoek
PUBLISHED: 01-29-2014
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An alkalitolerant, thermotolerant, strictly aerobic and Gram-staining negative bacterial strain, designated YIM 78140(T), was isolated from a water sample in Hehua hot spring, Tengchong, Yunnan province, south-west China. The colonies were light brown, convex and circular. Phylogenetic analysis of the 16S rRNA gene sequence of strain YIM 78140(T) indicated that it was clustered with members of ?-Proteobacteria (with the similarity from 96.9 to 93.6 %). Good growth occurred at 40-50 °C, pH 8.0-9.0 and in the presence of 0-3 % (w/v) NaCl. The predominant ubiquinones were Q-8 and Q-9. The major fatty acids were C16:0, C17:0 cyclo, C18:1 ?7c and summed feature 3. The G+C content of genomic DNA was 70.8 mol%. The results of physiological and biochemical characteristics, phylogenetic analysis allowed the phenotypic and genotypic differentiation of strain YIM 78140(T) from its closest phylogenetic neighbours. Therefore, the strain YIM 78140(T) represents a novel genus of the family Comamonadaceae, for which the name Zhizhongheella caldifontis gen. nov., sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is YIM 78140(T) (= BCRC 80649(T) = KCTC 32557(T)).
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Cytotoxic dinorditerpenoids from Drypetes perreticulata.
Phytochemistry
PUBLISHED: 01-22-2014
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Four hitherto unknown dinorditerpenoids, dryperreins A-D of the pimarane class, together with eight known triterpenoids, were isolated from twigs and leaves of Drypetes perreticulata. The structures of dryperreins A-D were elucidated on the basis of detailed spectroscopic analysis as (10S)-11,12-dihydroxy-6-methoxy-15,16-dinorpimara-5,8,11,13-tetraene-3,7-dione, (10S)-6,11,12-trihydroxy-15,16-dinorpimara-5,8,11,13-tetraene-3,7-dione, (10S)-11,12-dihydroxy-6-methoxy-15,16-dinorpimara-1,5,8,11,13-pentaene-3,7-dione, and (10S)-6,11,12-trihydroxy-15,16-dinorpimara-1,5,8,11,13-pentaene-3,7-dione, respectively. Dryperreins C and D exhibited strong cytotoxicity in vitro against HL-60 human tumor cell line. The structure-activity relationship of the cytotoxic compounds was briefly discussed.
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Dosimetric benefits of robust treatment planning for intensity modulated proton therapy for base-of-skull cancers.
Pract Radiat Oncol
PUBLISHED: 01-14-2014
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The clinical advantage of intensity modulated proton therapy (IMPT) may be diminished by range and patient setup uncertainties. We evaluated the effectiveness of robust optimization that incorporates uncertainties into the treatment planning optimization algorithm for treatment of base of skull cancers.
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Expression of G protein-coupled estrogen receptor in irritable bowel syndrome and its clinical significance.
Int J Clin Exp Pathol
PUBLISHED: 01-01-2014
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Estrogen is suggested to participate in pathogenesis of irritable bowel syndrome (IBS), but expression of G protein-coupled estrogen receptor (GPER) in the colon of IBS patients has never been investigated. The aim of this study was to investigate the expression of GPER and classical estrogen receptors in the colon of IBS patients and healthy controls.
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Ultrasonographic features of adenomyoepithelial adenosis: a case report and literature review.
Int J Clin Exp Med
PUBLISHED: 01-01-2014
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Adenomyoepithelial adenosis of the breast is extremely rare. We treated a 35-year-old woman with two small painless hard lumps in her breasts. On ultrasonography, the lesion in the right breast (upper inner quadrant) showed heterogeneous echogenicity and irregular, well-defined, uniformly hypoechoic nodules separated by funiform hyperechoic areas. The entire lesion had unclear boundaries. Excisional biopsy showed adenomyoepithelial adenosis. The mass in the left breast was a fibroadenoma. Adenomyoepithelial adenosis can show local recurrence and malignant degeneration, therefore, preoperative ultrasonographic diagnosis is important for surgical planning. The differential diagnosis includes common adenosis, fibroadenoma, adenomyoepithelioma and adenomyoepithelial carcinoma.
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QTLs for seed vigor-related traits identified in maize seeds germinated under artificial aging conditions.
PLoS ONE
PUBLISHED: 01-01-2014
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High seed vigor is important for agricultural production due to the associated potential for increased growth and productivity. However, a better understanding of the underlying molecular mechanisms is required because the genetic basis for seed vigor remains unknown. We used single-nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) markers to map quantitative trait loci (QTLs) for four seed vigor traits in two connected recombinant inbred line (RIL) maize populations under four treatment conditions during seed germination. Sixty-five QTLs distributed between the two populations were identified and a meta-analysis was used to integrate genetic maps. Sixty-one initially identified QTLs were integrated into 18 meta-QTLs (mQTLs). Initial QTLs with contribution to phenotypic variation values of R(2)>10% were integrated into mQTLs. Twenty-three candidate genes for association with seed vigor traits coincided with 13 mQTLs. The candidate genes had functions in the glycolytic pathway and in protein metabolism. QTLs with major effects (R(2)>10%) were identified under at least one treatment condition for mQTL2, mQTL3-2, and mQTL3-4. Candidate genes included a calcium-dependent protein kinase gene (302810918) involved in signal transduction that mapped in the mQTL3-2 interval associated with germination energy (GE) and germination percentage (GP), and an hsp20/alpha crystallin family protein gene (At5g51440) that mapped in the mQTL3-4 interval associated with GE and GP. Two initial QTLs with a major effect under at least two treatment conditions were identified for mQTL5-2. A cucumisin-like Ser protease gene (At5g67360) mapped in the mQTL5-2 interval associated with GP. The chromosome regions for mQTL2, mQTL3-2, mQTL3-4, and mQTL5-2 may be hot spots for QTLs related to seed vigor traits. The mQTLs and candidate genes identified in this study provide valuable information for the identification of additional quantitative trait genes.
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MicroRNA-10a is down-regulated by DNA methylation and functions as a tumor suppressor in gastric cancer cells.
PLoS ONE
PUBLISHED: 01-01-2014
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MicroRNAs act as posttranscriptional regulators of gene expression in many biological processes. Their deregulations occur commonly in gastric cancer (GC). Although DNA methylation constitutes an important mechanism for microRNA deregulation in cancer, this field largely remains unexplored.
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Primary thyroid T-lymphoblastic lymphoma: a case report and review of the literature.
Int J Clin Exp Pathol
PUBLISHED: 01-01-2014
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Most thyroid lymphomas are B-lineage, and T-cell lymphomas are rare. Here, we report a case of primary T-cell lymphoblastic lymphoma (T-LBL) of the thyroid gland. A 15-year-old boy presented with a painless thyroid mass. Ultrasonographic examination revealed a hypoechoic thyroid nodule measuring 4.6 cm × 1.9 cm × 3.4 cm. The thyroid function and antibodies were normal. Hemithyroidectomy was performed. Intraoperative frozen section was suggestive of malignant lymphoma. Histological examination showed diffuse round to oval medium sized cells with high nuclear/cytoplasmic ratio, finely dispersed chromatin, scanty cytoplasm, and numerous mitoses. Immunohistochemical studies revealed malignant cells were positive for terminal deoxynucleotidyltransferase, CD5, CD7, CD8, CD10, CD45RO, CD99, CD79a, CD3, CD1a and Ki-67 (>40%) and negative for CD34, CD20, BCL6, CD23, BCL2, Pax5 and EBV. A diagnosis of thyroid T-LBL was made. The patient was treated by intensive chemotherapy followed by allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation and has been in event-free survival for 65 months. The patient was unique because no cases of thyroid T-LBL have been previously reported, to our knowledge. Moreover, intensive chemotherapy followed by alloHSCT might be one of the adoptive options in therapy for this aggressive disease.
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Automatic contouring of brachial plexus using a multi-atlas approach for lung cancer radiotherapy.
Pract Radiat Oncol
PUBLISHED: 11-26-2013
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To demonstrate a multi-atlas segmentation approach to facilitating accurate and consistent delineation of low-contrast brachial plexuses on CT images for lung cancer radiotherapy.
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The Autoregulatory Feedback Loop of MicroRNA-21/Programmed Cell Death Protein 4/Activation Protein-1 (MiR-21/PDCD4/AP-1) as a Driving Force for Hepatic Fibrosis Development.
J. Biol. Chem.
PUBLISHED: 11-06-2013
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Sustained activation of hepatic stellate cells (HSCs) leads to hepatic fibrosis, which is characterized by excessive collagen production, and for which there is no available drug clinically. Despite tremendous progress, the cellular activities underlying HSC activation, especially the driving force in the perpetuation stage, are only partially understood. Recently, microRNA-21 (miR-21) has been found to be prevalently up-regulated during fibrogenesis in different tissues, although its detailed role needs to be further elucidated. In the present study, miR-21 expression was examined in human cirrhotic liver samples and in murine fibrotic livers induced by thioacetamide or carbon tetrachloride. A dramatic miR-21 increase was noted in activated HSCs. We further found that miR-21 maintained itself at constant high levels by using a microRNA-21/programmed cell death protein 4/activation protein-1 (miR-21/PDCD4/AP-1) feedback loop. Disrupting this loop with miR-21 antagomir or AP-1 inhibitors significantly suppressed fibrogenic activities in HSCs and ameliorated liver fibrosis. In contrast, reinforcing this loop with small interfering RNA (siRNA) against PDCD4 promoted fibrogenesis in HSCs. Further analysis indicated that the up-regulated miR-21 promoted the central transforming growth factor-? (TGF-?) signaling pathway underlying HSC activation. In summary, we suggest that the miR-21/PDCD4/AP-1 autoregulatory loop is one of the main driving forces for hepatic fibrosis progression. Targeting this aberrantly activated feedback loop may provide a new therapeutic strategy and facilitate drug discovery against hepatic fibrosis.
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Thermus caliditerrae sp. nov., a novel thermophilic species isolated from a geothermal area.
Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol.
PUBLISHED: 10-24-2013
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Two thermophilic bacterial strains, designated YIM 77925T and YIM 77777, were isolated from two hot springs Hydrothermal Explosion (Shuirebaozhaqu) area and Frog Mouth Spring in Tengchong county, Yunnan province, south-western China. The taxonomic positions of the two isolates were investigated by a polyphasic approach. Cells of the two strains were Gram-negative, aerobic and rod-shaped. They were able to grow at 50-70 oC, pH 6.0-8.0 and with a NaCl tolerance up to 0.5% (w/v). Colonies are circular, convex, non-transparent and form yellow-pigment. Phylogenetic analyses based on 16S rRNA gene sequences comparison clearly demonstrated that strains YIM 77925T and YIM 77777 belong to the genus Thermus, and they also created low level similarities of 16S rRNA gene sequences (below 97%) compared to all other species in this genus. Their predominant menaquinone was MK-8. The genomic DNA G+C contents of strains YIM 77925T and YIM 77777 were 65.6 mol% and 67.2 mol%, respectively. Based on the results of physiological and biochemical tests and phylogenetic analyses, strains YIM 77925T and YIM 77777 could not be classified into any recognized species of the genus Thermus. Thus the two strains are considered to represent a novel species of the genus Thermus, for which the name Thermus caliditerrae sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is YIM 77925T (=DSM 25901T=CCTCC 2012061T).
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Pressure ulcers and prevention among acute care hospitals in the United States.
Jt Comm J Qual Patient Saf
PUBLISHED: 10-24-2013
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Most pressure ulcers can be prevented with evidence-based practice. Many studies describe the implementation of a pressure ulcer prevention program but few report the effect on outcomes across acute care facilities.
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A serial 4DCT study to quantify range variations in charged particle radiotherapy of thoracic cancers.
J. Radiat. Res.
PUBLISHED: 10-18-2013
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Weekly serial 4DCT scans were acquired under free breathing conditions to assess water-equivalent path length (WEL) variations due to both intrafractional and interfractional changes in tissue thickness and density and to calculate proton dose distributions resulting from anatomical variations observed in serial 4DCT. A template of region of interests (ROIs) was defined on the anterior-posterior (AP) beams eye view, and WEL measurements were made over these ROIs to quantify chest wall thickness variations. Interfractional proton dose distributions were calculated to assess changes in the expected dose distributions caused by range variations. Mean intrafractional chest wall WEL changes during respiration varied by: -4.1 mm (<-10.2 mm), -3.6 mm (<-7.1 mm), -3.2 mm (<-5.6 mm) and -2.5 mm (<-5.1 mm) during respiration in the ITV, upper, middle and lower lung regions, respectively. The mean interfractional chest wall WEL variation at Week 6 decreased by -4.0 mm (<-8.6 mm), -9.1 mm (<-17.9 mm), -9.4 mm (<-25.3 mm) and -4.5 mm (<-15.6 mm) in the ITV, upper, middle and lower lung regions, respectively. The variations were decomposed into anterior and posterior chest wall thickness changes. Dose overshoot beyond the target was observed when the initial boli was applied throughout the treatment course. This overshoot is due to chest wall thickness variations and target positional variations. The radiological path length can vary significantly during respiration as well as over the course of several weeks of charged particle therapy. Intrafractional/interfractional chest wall thickness changes can be a significant source of range variation in treatment of lung tumors with charged particle beams, resulting in dose distribution perturbations from the initial plan. Consideration of these range variations should be made in choosing the therapeutic charged particle beam range.
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Characterization of microRNA-29 family expression and investigation of their mechanistic roles in gastric cancer.
Carcinogenesis
PUBLISHED: 10-15-2013
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Increasing evidence shows that abnormal microRNAs (miRNAs) expression is involved in tumorigenesis. They might be the novel biomarkers or therapeutic targets in disease treatment. miR-29 family was previously reported to act as tumor suppressors or oncogenes in diverse cancers. However, their accurate expression, function and mechanism in gastric cancer (GC) are not well known. Here, we found that the expression of miR-29 family members was significantly reduced in GC compared with adjacent controls. Among them, miR-29c had the most reduced percentage in GC and was associated with aggressive and progressive phenotypes of GC. We further demonstrated that miR-29 family acted as tumor suppressors through targeting CCND2 and matrix metalloproteinase-2 genes in GC. Moreover, the inverse relationship between miR-29 family and their targets was verified in patients and xenograft mice. Finally, reintroduction of miR-29 family significantly inhibited tumor formation of GC cells in the xenograft mice. Take together, our finding characterized the expression properties of miR-29 family, contributed to the function and molecular mechanism of miR-29 family in GC and implied that miR-29 family might be employed as novel prognostic markers and therapeutic targets of GC.
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[Effect of neferine on hepatic stellate cells in collagen-I, TIMP-1 and MMP-2].
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi
PUBLISHED: 10-02-2013
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To observe the effect of neferine on Collagen-I, TIMP-1 and MMP-2 expressions and protein secretion of hepatic stellate cells.
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A regulatory circuit comprising GATA1/2 switch and microRNA-27a/24 promotes erythropoiesis.
Nucleic Acids Res.
PUBLISHED: 09-18-2013
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Transcriptional networks orchestrate complex developmental processes, and such networks are commonly instigated by master regulators for development. By now, considerable progress has been made in elucidating GATA factor-dependent genetic networks that control red blood cell development. Here we reported that GATA-1 and GATA-2 co-regulated the expression of two microRNA genes, microRNA-27a and microRNA-24, with critical roles in regulating erythroid differentiation. In general, GATA-2 occupied the miR-27a?24 promoter and repressed their transcription in immature erythroid progenitor cells. As erythropoiesis proceeded, GATA-1 directly activated miR-27a?24 transcription, and this involved a GATA-1-mediated displacement of GATA-2 from chromatin, a process termed GATA switch. Furthermore, the mature miR-27a and miR-24 cooperatively inhibited GATA-2 translation and favoured the occupancy switch from GATA-2 to GATA-1, thus completing a positive feedback loop to promote erythroid maturation. In line with the essential role of GATA factors, ectopic expression of miR-27a or miR-24 promoted erythropoiesis in human primary CD34+ haematopoietic progenitor cells and mice, whereas attenuated miR-27 or miR-24 level led to impaired erythroid phenotypes in haematopoietic progenitor cells and zebrafish. Taken together, these data integrated micro RNA expression and function into GATA factor coordinated networks and provided mechanistic insight into a regulatory circuit that comprised GATA1/2 switch and miR-27a/24 in erythropoiesis.
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[Analysis of CD4(+) T cell function in patients suffered from pulmonary infection in the early phase after haploidentical hematopoietic stem cell transplantation].
Zhongguo Shi Yan Xue Ye Xue Za Zhi
PUBLISHED: 09-04-2013
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This study was purposed to investigate the immune state of the patients suffered from pulmonary infection within 6 months after haploidentical hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (hi-HSCT). Adenosine triphosphate (ATP) value in CD4(+) T cells was measured by ImmuKnow method to assess the function of the lymphocytes in peripheral blood of 25 patients at 6 months after hi-HSCT. The results showed that the ATP level in CD4(+) T cells of the patients suffered from pulmonary infection was (179.88 ± 65.41) ng/ml before transplantation, (172.69 ± 118.81) ng/ml at 1 month, (218.15 ± 124.26) ng/ml at 3 months, (313.42 ± 116.29) ng/ml at 6 months after transplantation. The ATP level in CD4(+) T cells of the patients without pulmonary infection was (210.44 ± 94.71) ng/ml before transplantation, and decreased to (193.66 ± 133.69) ng/ml at 1 month and increased gradually to (355.02 ± 43.38) ng/ml at 3 months, (355.73 ± 93.85) ng/ml at 6 months after transplantation. It is concluded that the low ATP value in CD4(+) T cells in patients prior and post hi-HSCT may suggest probability of occurrence for infections, ATP value in CD4(+) T cells may be used as a reference indicator for clinical empirical use of antibiotics.
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[Thyroid hormone inhibits the growth of pancreatic cancer xenograft in nude mice].
Nan Fang Yi Ke Da Xue Xue Bao
PUBLISHED: 09-03-2013
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To investigate the therapeutic effect of thyroid hormone in nude mice bearing human pancreatic cancer xenograft.
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miR-141 Regulates colonic leukocytic trafficking by targeting CXCL12? during murine colitis and human Crohns disease.
Gut
PUBLISHED: 09-02-2013
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Emerging evidence suggests that microRNA (miRNA)-mediated gene regulation influences a variety of autoimmune disease processes, including Crohns disease (CD), but the biological function of miRNAs in CD remains unclear. We examine miRNA level in colon tissues and study the potential functions of miRNAs that regulate pathological genes during the inflammation process.
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Continuous-wave cavity ringdown spectroscopy based on the control of cavity reflection.
Opt Express
PUBLISHED: 08-14-2013
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A new type of continuous-wave cavity ringdown spectrometer based on the control of cavity reflection for trace gas detection was designed and evaluated. The technique separated the acquisitions of the ringdown event and the trigger signal to optical switch by detecting the cavity reflection and transmission, respectively. A detailed description of the time sequence of the measurement process was presented. In order to avoid the wrong extraction of ringdown time encountered accidentally in fitting procedure, the laser frequency and cavity length were scanned synchronously. Based on the statistical analysis of measured ringdown times, the frequency normalized minimum detectable absorption in the reflection control mode was 1.7 × 10(-9)cm(-1)Hz(-1/2), which was 5.4 times smaller than that in the transmission control mode. However the signal-to-noise ratio of the absorption spectrum was only 3 times improved since the etalon effect existed. Finally, the peak absorption coefficients of the C(2)H(2) transition near 1530.9nm under different pressures showed a good agreement with the theoretical values.
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A feedback loop consisting of microRNA 23a/27a and the ?-like globin suppressors KLF3 and SP1 regulates globin gene expression.
Mol. Cell. Biol.
PUBLISHED: 08-05-2013
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The developmental stage-specific expression of the human ?-like globin genes has been studied for decades, and many transcriptional factors as well as other important cis elements have been identified. However, little is known about the microRNAs that potentially regulate ?-like globin gene expression directly or indirectly during erythropoiesis. In this study, we show that microRNA 23a (miR-23a) and miR-27a promote ?-like globin gene expression in K562 cells and primary erythroid cells through targeting of the transcription factors KLF3 and SP1. Intriguingly, miR-23a and miR-27a further enhance the transcription of ?-like globin genes through repression of KLF3 and SP1 binding to the ?-like globin gene locus during erythroid differentiation. Moreover, KLF3 can bind to the promoter of the miR-23a?27a?24-2 cluster and suppress this microRNA cluster expression. Hence, a positive feedback loop comprised of KLF3 and miR-23a promotes the expression of ?-like globin genes and the miR-23a?27a?24-2 cluster during erythropoiesis.
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Micromonospora kangleipakensis sp. nov., isolated from a sample of limestone quarry.
Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol.
PUBLISHED: 08-01-2013
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Strain MBRL 34(T), isolated from a sample of limestone quarry located at Hundung, Manipur, India, was characterized by polyphasic taxonomy. The strain showed the highest 16S rRNA gene sequence similarity with Micromonospora echinaurantica DSM 43904(T) (98.4?%), but formed a monophyletic clade with Micromonospora coerulea DSM 43143(T) (98.3?%) in the neighbour-joining tree. DNA-DNA hybridization experiments gave a DNA-DNA relatedness value of 53.1?% between MBRL 34(T) and M. coerulea DSM 43143(T). Strain MBRL 34(T) contained meso-diaminopimelic acid, galactose and glucose in the whole-cell hydrolysates along with small amounts of mannose, xylose, rhamnose and ribose. The major polar lipids detected were diphosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylethanolamine, phosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylinositol and phosphatidylinositolmannoside, along with an unknown lipid. MK-10(H6), MK-10(H2) MK-11(H4) and MK-10(H4) were the predominant menaquinones detected. The major fatty acids were iso-C16?:?0 and iso-C15?:?0. The G+C content of the genomic DNA was 73.5?%. Based on the taxonomic characteristics from a polyphasic study, strain MBRL 34(T) merits recognition as a representative of a novel species of the genus Micromonospora for which the name Micromonospora kangleipakensis sp. nov. is proposed; the type strain is MBRL 34(T) (?=?DSM 45612(T)?=?JCM 17696(T)).
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Quality of life and toxicity from passively scattered and spot-scanning proton beam therapy for localized prostate cancer.
Int. J. Radiat. Oncol. Biol. Phys.
PUBLISHED: 07-31-2013
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To report quality of life (QOL)/toxicity in men treated with proton beam therapy for localized prostate cancer and to compare outcomes between passively scattered proton therapy (PSPT) and spot-scanning proton therapy (SSPT).
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[Analysis of T lymphocyte absolute number and function in the early phase after haploidentical hematopoietic stem cell transplantation].
Zhongguo Shi Yan Xue Ye Xue Za Zhi
PUBLISHED: 07-03-2013
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This study was purposed to investigate the immune reconstitution of T-cells in patients who received haploidentical hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (hiHSCT). The peripheral blood was harvested from 22 patients before transplantation and at month 1, 3, 6 after hiHSCT. The proportions of T lymphocyte subtypes including CD3(+), CD4(+), CD8(+), CD45RO(+), and CD45RA(+)CD62L(+) were analyzed by flow cytometry, followed by the calculation of T cell numbers according to the amounts of peripheral blood leukocytes. Adenosine triphosphate (ATP) value in CD4(+) T cells was measured by ImmuKnow method to evaluate the function of lymphocytes. The results showed that the CD3(+) cell absolute value before transplantation was 833.75 ± 359.84/µl, but those values at month 1, 3, 6 after transplantation were 318.87 ± 266.71/µl, 1006.76 ± 512.32/µl and 1296.38 ± 958.77/µl respectively. The CD4(+) cell absolute value before transplantation was 336.99 ± 211.11/µl, but such values at month 1, 3, 6 after transplantation were 45.89 ± 44.21/µl, 142.97 ± 114.85/µl, and 181.78 ± 120.61/µl respectively. The CD8(+) cell absolute value before transplantation was 430.21 ± 159.48/µl, but those values at month 1, 3, 6 after transplantation were 230.44 ± 195.89/µl, 621.64 ± 318.83/µl, and 823.07 ± 633.55/µl respectively. The CD4(+)CD45RO(+) memory T cell absolute value before transplantation was 227.44 ± 73.34/µl, but such values at month 1, 3, 6 after transplantation were 43.47 ± 43.40/µl, 138.69 ± 110.17/µl, 147.73 ± 82.94/µl respectively. The CD8(+)CD45RO(+) memory T cell absolute value before transplantation was 212.70 ± 98.48/µl, but such values at month 1, 3, 6 after transplantation were 184.76 ± 168.65/µl, 445.90 ± 252.50/µl, 519.80 ± 475.53/µl respectively. CD4(+)CD45RA(+)CD62L(+) naive T cell number before transplantation was 68.94 ± 59.74/µl, but such cell numbers at month 1, 3, 6 after transplantation decreased to 2.44 ± 2.93/µl, 3.14 ± 3.48/µl, 23.22 ± 38.38/µl respectively. The CD8(+)CD45RA(+)CD62L(+) naive T cell absolute value before transplantation was 124.82 ± 60.95/µl, but those values at month 1, 3, 6 decreased to 19.37 ± 17.71/µl, 76.63 ± 50.85/µl, and 114.49 ± 174.29/µl respectively. The ATP value in CD4(+) T cells decreased to 210.19 ± 119.37 ng/ml at month 1 after transplantation and increased to 280.62 ± 110.03 ng/ml at month 3, and 357.28 ± 76.18 ng/ml at month 6 after transplantation. It is concluded that CD8(+) memory T cell reconstruction contributes critically to T cell recovery early after hiHSCT, while the thymic output function remains low. However, T cell function recovers to normal range at month 3 after transplantation.
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Microwave coagulation therapy and drug injection to treat splenic injury.
J. Surg. Res.
PUBLISHED: 06-24-2013
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The present study compares the efficacy of 915- and 2450-MHz contrast-enhanced ultrasound (CEUS)-guided percutaneous microwave coagulation with that of CEUS-guided thrombin injection for the treatment of trauma-induced spleen hemorrhage.
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JoVE Visualize is a tool created to match the last 5 years of PubMed publications to methods in JoVE's video library.

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In developing our video relationships, we compare around 5 million PubMed articles to our library of over 4,500 methods videos. In some cases the language used in the PubMed abstracts makes matching that content to a JoVE video difficult. In other cases, there happens not to be any content in our video library that is relevant to the topic of a given abstract. In these cases, our algorithms are trying their best to display videos with relevant content, which can sometimes result in matched videos with only a slight relation.