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Find video protocols related to scientific articles indexed in Pubmed.
Description of 3,180 Courses of Chelation with Dimercaptosuccinic Acid in Children ?5 y with Severe Lead Poisoning in Zamfara, Northern Nigeria: A Retrospective Analysis of Programme Data.
PLoS Med.
PUBLISHED: 10-01-2014
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In 2010, Médecins Sans Frontières (MSF) discovered extensive lead poisoning impacting several thousand children in rural northern Nigeria. An estimated 400 fatalities had occurred over 3 mo. The US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) confirmed widespread contamination from lead-rich ore being processed for gold, and environmental management was begun. MSF commenced a medical management programme that included treatment with the oral chelating agent 2,3-dimercaptosuccinic acid (DMSA, succimer). Here we describe and evaluate the changes in venous blood lead level (VBLL) associated with DMSA treatment in the largest cohort of children ?5 y of age with severe paediatric lead intoxication reported to date to our knowledge.
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Spinal cord injury in the emergency context: review of program outcomes of a spinal cord injury rehabilitation program in Sri Lanka.
Confl Health
PUBLISHED: 03-10-2014
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The final months of the conflict in Sri Lanka in 2009 resulted in massive displacement of the civilian population and a high volume of orthopedic trauma including spinal cord injury. In response to this need, Médecins Sans Frontières implemented a multidisciplinary rehabilitation program.
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Diagnostic accuracy evaluation of the ImmunoFlow HCV rapid immunochromatographic test for the detection of hepatitis C antibodies.
J. Virol. Methods
PUBLISHED: 03-04-2014
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2% of the world's population lives with a hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection with highest rates in developing countries. The most common mode of transmission takes place via unsafe blood transfusions and unsafe therapeutic injections. Thus, screening potential blood donors for hepatitis C infection is a must to ensure safe blood transfusions. Rapid immunochromatographic tests are the best suitable test format to be used for screening for blood donors in resource-limited settings. The ImmunoFlow HCV from Core Diagnostics was evaluated at the Paul-Ehrlich-Institute, Germany for its test accuracy on three seropanels. Panel 1 consisted of 26 HCV positive and 55 negative samples, panel 2 of 193 HCV positive samples. Panel 3 contained 116 samples of 10 patients during seroconversion period. 39 of these 116 samples were characterized as HCV positive. The HCV ImmunoFlow had a sensitivity of 100% (95% CI: 93.5-100) and a specificity of 100% (95% CI: 86.8-100) when samples of panel 1 were tested. 191 samples of the 193 samples in panel 2 were correctly by the HCV Immunoflow, resulting in a sensitivity of 99.0%. 9 of 10 HCV infections were detected by the HCV ImmunoFlow when panel 3 was used. This evaluation revealed good sensitivity of the HCV ImmunoFlow test from and compares favorably with the results from the WHO evaluation and a systematic review conducted of field evaluations of Hepatitis C rapid diagnostic and other point of care tests.
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Causes of false-positive HIV rapid diagnostic test results.
Expert Rev Anti Infect Ther
PUBLISHED: 01-11-2014
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HIV rapid diagnostic tests have enabled widespread implementation of HIV programs in resource-limited settings. If the tests used in the diagnostic algorithm are susceptible to the same cause for false positivity, a false-positive diagnosis may result in devastating consequences. In resource-limited settings, the lack of routine confirmatory testing, compounded by incorrect interpretation of weak positive test lines and use of tie-breaker algorithms, can leave a false-positive diagnosis undetected. We propose that heightened CD5+ and early B-lymphocyte response polyclonal cross-reactivity are a major cause of HIV false positivity in certain settings; thus, test performance may vary significantly in different geographical areas and populations. There is an urgent need for policy makers to recognize that HIV rapid diagnostic tests are screening tests and mandate confirmatory testing before reporting an HIV-positive result. In addition, weak positive results should not be recognized as valid except in the screening of blood donors.
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Association of blood lead level with neurological features in 972 children affected by an acute severe lead poisoning outbreak in Zamfara State, northern Nigeria.
PLoS ONE
PUBLISHED: 01-01-2014
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In 2010, Médecins Sans Frontières (MSF) investigated reports of high mortality in young children in Zamfara State, Nigeria, leading to confirmation of villages with widespread acute severe lead poisoning. In a retrospective analysis, we aimed to determine venous blood lead level (VBLL) thresholds and risk factors for encephalopathy using MSF programmatic data from the first year of the outbreak response.
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Counselling in humanitarian settings: a retrospective analysis of 18 individual-focused non-specialised counselling programmes.
Confl Health
PUBLISHED: 09-04-2013
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Médecins Sans Frontières (MSF) provides individual counselling interventions in medical humanitarian programmes in contexts affected by conflict and violence. Although mental health and psychosocial interventions are a common part of the humanitarian response, little is known about how the profile and outcomes for individuals seeking care differs across contexts. We did a retrospective analysis of routine programme data to determine who accessed MSF counselling services and why, and the individual and programmatic risk factors for poor outcomes.
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Routine parallel diagnosis of malaria using microscopy and the malaria rapid diagnostic test SD 05FK60: the experience of Medecins Sans Frontieres in Myanmar.
Malar. J.
PUBLISHED: 03-13-2013
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BACKGROUND: Malaria rapid diagnostic tests (RDTs) are commonly used in Medecins Sans Frontieres (MSF) programmes to detect acute malaria infection. Programmes in regions with both Plasmodium falciparum and non-falciparum malaria (i.e. Plasmodium ovale, Plasmodium malariae and Plasmodium vivax) use a three-band P. falciparum/Pan test such as the SD Bioline Malaria Ag P.f/Pan 05FK60 (Standard Diagnostics, Kyonggi, Republic of Korea), hereafter referred to as SD 05FK60, as used by the MSF-Holland clinics in Rakhine state, Myanmar. In spite of published reports of generally good test performance, medical and paramedical staff on the ground often doubt the diagnostic accuracy of these RDTs. METHODS: Parallel testing with malaria microscopy and RDT was conducted at two clinics in Rakhine state, Myanmar, for a period of 14 months as a programmatic response due to doubts and concerns of medical and paramedical staff into malaria RDTs. RESULTS: A total of 2,585 blood samples from non-pregnant suspected malaria patients were examined by the SD 05FK60 RDT and microscopy at two clinics in Myanmar from October 2010 to December 2011. The reference standard microscopy diagnosed 531 P. falciparum and 587 P. vivax or P. malariae mono-infections. The overall sensitivity for P. falciparum detection by the SD 05FK60 was 90.2% (95% CI: 87.4-92.6) and for P. vivax/P. malariae 79.4% (95% CI: 75.9-82.6). The overall specificity for P. falciparum detection by the SD 05FK60 was 98.5% (95% CI: 97.7-99.1) and for P. vivax/P. malariae 98.7% (95% CI: 97.9-99.2). The sensitivity for P. falciparum was >91% for parasitaemia levels of >100-1,000 parasites/mul and increased for P. vivax/P. malariae with the parasitaemia level but was overall lower than for P. falciparum.25/408 and 13/420 cases, respectively, of P. falciparum and non-falciparum malaria were missed by the RDT. CONCLUSION: In field conditions in Myanmar, the SD 05FK60 malaria RDT performed consistent with other reports. The test detected malaria caused by P. vivax/P. malariae to a lesser extent than P. falciparum infection. Sensitivity improved with increasing parasitaemia level, however even at higher levels some infections were missed. The SD 05FK60 is adequate for use in settings where high quality microscopy is not available.
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False positive HIV diagnoses in resource limited settings: operational lessons learned for HIV programmes.
PLoS ONE
PUBLISHED: 02-19-2013
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Access to HIV diagnosis is life-saving; however the use of rapid diagnostic tests in combination is vulnerable to wrongly diagnosing HIV infection when both screening tests give a false positive result. Misclassification of HIV patients can also occur due to poor quality control, administrative errors and lack of supervision and training of staff. Médecins Sans Frontières discovered in 2004 that HIV negative individuals were enrolled in some HIV programmes. This paper describes the result of an audit of three sites to review testing practices, implement improved testing algorithms and offer re-testing to clients enrolled in the HIV clinic.
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Variation in Specificity of HIV Rapid Diagnostic Tests over Place and Time: An Analysis of Discordancy Data Using a Bayesian Approach.
PLoS ONE
PUBLISHED: 01-01-2013
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Recent trends to earlier access to anti-retroviral treatment underline the importance of accurate HIV diagnosis. The WHO HIV testing strategy recommends the use of two or three rapid diagnostic tests (RDTs) combined in an algorithm and assume a population is serologically stable over time. Yet RDTs are prone to cross reactivity which can lead to false positive or discordant results. This paper uses discordancy data from Médecins Sans Frontières (MSF) programmes to test the hypothesis that the specificity of RDTs change over place and time.
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Impact of HIV-associated conditions on mortality in people commencing anti-retroviral therapy in resource limited settings.
PLoS ONE
PUBLISHED: 01-01-2013
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To identify associations between specific WHO stage 3 and 4 conditions diagnosed after ART initiation and all cause mortality for patients in resource-limited settings (RLS).
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Provision of antiretroviral treatment in conflict settings: the experience of Médecins Sans Frontières.
Confl Health
PUBLISHED: 03-03-2010
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Many countries ravaged by conflict have substantial morbidity and mortality attributed to HIV/AIDS yet HIV treatment is uncommonly available. Universal access to HIV care cannot be achieved unless the needs of populations in conflict-affected areas are addressed.
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The evaluation of a rapid in situ HIV confirmation test in a programme with a high failure rate of the WHO HIV two-test diagnostic algorithm.
PLoS ONE
PUBLISHED: 02-06-2009
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Concerns about false-positive HIV results led to a review of testing procedures used in a Médecins Sans Frontières (MSF) HIV programme in Bukavu, eastern Democratic Republic of Congo. In addition to the WHO HIV rapid diagnostic test algorithm (RDT) (two positive RDTs alone for HIV diagnosis) used in voluntary counselling and testing (VCT) sites we evaluated in situ a practical field-based confirmation test against western blot WB. In addition, we aimed to determine the false-positive rate of the WHO two-test algorithm compared with our adapted protocol including confirmation testing, and whether weakly reactive compared with strongly reactive rapid test results were more likely to be false positives.
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Incidence of WHO stage 3 and 4 conditions following initiation of anti-retroviral therapy in resource limited settings.
PLoS ONE
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To determine the incidence of WHO clinical stage 3 and 4 conditions during early anti-retroviral therapy (ART) in resource limited settings (RLS).
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Mortality after fluid bolus in children with shock due to sepsis or severe infection: a systematic review and meta-analysis.
PLoS ONE
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Sepsis is one of the leading causes of childhood mortality, yet controversy surrounds the current treatment approach. We conducted a systematic review to assess the evidence base for fluid resuscitation in the treatment of children with shock due to sepsis or severe infection.
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Ready-to-use therapeutic food for catch-up growth in children after an episode of Plasmodium falciparum malaria: an open randomised controlled trial.
PLoS ONE
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Catch-up growth after an infection is essential for children to maintain good nutritional status. To prevent malnutrition, WHO recommends that children are given one additional healthy meal per day during the 2 weeks after onset of illness. We investigated to what extent ready-to-use therapeutic food (RUTF) promotes catch-up growth in children after an acute, uncomplicated episode of Plasmodium falciparum malaria.
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What is Visualize?

JoVE Visualize is a tool created to match the last 5 years of PubMed publications to methods in JoVE's video library.

How does it work?

We use abstracts found on PubMed and match them to JoVE videos to create a list of 10 to 30 related methods videos.

Video X seems to be unrelated to Abstract Y...

In developing our video relationships, we compare around 5 million PubMed articles to our library of over 4,500 methods videos. In some cases the language used in the PubMed abstracts makes matching that content to a JoVE video difficult. In other cases, there happens not to be any content in our video library that is relevant to the topic of a given abstract. In these cases, our algorithms are trying their best to display videos with relevant content, which can sometimes result in matched videos with only a slight relation.