One novel pentacyclic depsidone containing an oxetane unit, phomopsidone A (1), together with the reported excelsione (also named as phomopsidone) (2), and four known isobenzofuranones (3-6) were isolated from the mangrove endophytic fungus Phomopsis sp. A123. Their structures were elucidated by 1D and 2D NMR spectroscopic analysis and high resolution mass spectrometry. The bioactivity assays showed that these compounds possess cytotoxic, antioxidant, and antifungal activities.
Porous structure and surface modification have been widely studied in applying metal oxide nanomaterials as Li-ion battery anodes for overcoming problems such as poor conductivity and large volume variation. Here, we demonstrate a direct triple-decomposition process for the in situ synthesis of C/Cu/ZnO porous hybrids. In a typical porous structure, 5-10 nm sized ZnO and Cu nanoparticles aggregate randomly and are modified with carbon layers in thickness of 1 nm. Moreover, the resulted hybrid nanostructures show a high and stable specific capacity of 818 mAh g(-1) at a current rate of 50 mA g(-1) with almost 100% capacity retention for up to 100 cycles when used an anode material for lithium ion batteries. By combination of the structural analyses and electrochemical behaviors, it could be speculated that the porous structure and the modifications of copper nanoparticles and carbon layers are mainly responsible for the dramatically improved electrochemical performance of ZnO anodes.
Mn3O4/Ni foam composites were synthesized by a one-step hydrothermal method in an aqueous solution containing only Mn(NO3)2 and C6H12N4. It was found that Mn3O4 nanorods with lengths of 2 to 3 ?m and diameters of 100 nm distributed on Ni foam homogeneously. Detailed reaction time-dependent morphological and component evolution was studied to understand the growth process of Mn3O4 nanorods. As cathode material for supercapacitors, Mn3O4 nanorods/composite exhibited superior supercapacitor performances with high specific capacitance (263 F?·?g-1 at 1A?·?g-1), which was more than 10 times higher than that of the Mn3O4/Ni plate. The enhanced supercapacitor performance was due to the porous architecture of the Ni foam which provides fast ion and electron transfer, large reaction surface area, and good conductivity.
The age at first egg (AFE), an important indicator for sexual maturation in female chickens, is controlled by polygenes. Based on our knowledge of reproductive physiology, 6 genes including gonadotrophin releasing hormone-I (GnRH-I), neuropeptide Y (NPY), dopamine D2 receptor (DRD2), vasoactive intestinal polypeptide (VIP), VIP receptor-1 (VIPR-1), and prolactin (PRL), were selected as candidates for influencing AFE. Additionally, the region between ADL0201 and MCW0241 of chromosome Z was chosen as the candidate QTL region according to some QTL databases. The objective of the present study was to investigate the effects of mutations in candidate genes and the QTL region on chicken AFE.
A series of nitrides (TiN, ZrN, BN, AlN) were prepared by using the corresponding elements (Ti, Zr, B, Al), NaN(3) and sulfur as starting materials in a stainless steel autoclave at 250 degrees C. Sulfur was used to facilitate the exothermic reaction between NaN(3) and sulfur (at 250 degrees C) and the final formation of nitrides. The treatment temperature affected the growth of the nitride crystals, for example, diversified morphologies of TiN nanocrystals were formed in different temperature ranges: grain and truncated octahedron (250 degrees C), octahedron (>300 degrees C), and dendrite (>400 degrees C). Through similar processes, other nitrides (for example, TiN, AlN, Si(3)N(4)) could also be produced by employing NaNH(2) and additives (such as iodine or N-aminothiourea instead of sulfur) in low temperatures.
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