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Find video protocols related to scientific articles indexed in Pubmed.
Inhibition of diacylglycerol acyltransferase by prenylated flavonoids isolated from the stem bark of Maackia amurensis.
J Asian Nat Prod Res
PUBLISHED: 10-09-2014
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A new prenylated flavanone, erythraddison Z (1), together with eight known flavonoids (2-9), was isolated from the stem bark of Maackia amurensis. Their structures were elucidated on the basis of spectroscopic methods, including 1D and 2D NMR (COSY, HMQC, and HMBC) techniques. All the isolates, with the exception of 3, 6 and 7, strongly inhibited diacylglycerol acyltransferase activity in an in vitro assay with IC50 values ranging from 96.5 ± 0.6 to 135.1 ± 1.4 ?M.
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[The observation and analysis the function and morphology of the eustachian tube in secretory otitis media and chronic rhinosinusitis in children].
Lin Chung Er Bi Yan Hou Tou Jing Wai Ke Za Zhi
PUBLISHED: 09-25-2014
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To observe and analyze the function and morphology of pharyngeal ostium of the eustachian tubes in secretory otitis media and chronic rhinosinusitis in children under direct vision,in order to provide an objective basis for clinical treatments.
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Quantitative assessment of column-specific degeneration in cervical spondylotic myelopathy based on diffusion tensor tractography.
Eur Spine J
PUBLISHED: 08-24-2014
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Cervical spondylotic myelopathy (CSM) is a common spinal cord disorder in the elderly. Diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) has been shown to be of great value for evaluating the microstructure of nerve tracts in the spinal cord. Currently, the quantitative assessment of the degeneration on the specific tracts in CSM is still rare. The aim of the present study was to use tractography-based quantification to investigate the column-specific degeneration in CSM.
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Native microbiome impedes vertical transmission of Wolbachia in Anopheles mosquitoes.
Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A.
PUBLISHED: 08-11-2014
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Over evolutionary time, Wolbachia has been repeatedly transferred between host species contributing to the widespread distribution of the symbiont in arthropods. For novel infections to be maintained, Wolbachia must infect the female germ line after being acquired by horizontal transfer. Although mechanistic examples of horizontal transfer exist, there is a poor understanding of factors that lead to successful vertical maintenance of the acquired infection. Using Anopheles mosquitoes (which are naturally uninfected by Wolbachia) we demonstrate that the native mosquito microbiota is a major barrier to vertical transmission of a horizontally acquired Wolbachia infection. After injection into adult Anopheles gambiae, some strains of Wolbachia invade the germ line, but are poorly transmitted to the next generation. In Anopheles stephensi, Wolbachia infection elicited massive blood meal-induced mortality, preventing development of progeny. Manipulation of the mosquito microbiota by antibiotic treatment resulted in perfect maternal transmission at significantly elevated titers of the wAlbB Wolbachia strain in A. gambiae, and alleviated blood meal-induced mortality in A. stephensi enabling production of Wolbachia-infected offspring. Microbiome analysis using high-throughput sequencing identified that the bacterium Asaia was significantly reduced by antibiotic treatment in both mosquito species. Supplementation of an antibiotic-resistant mutant of Asaia to antibiotic-treated mosquitoes completely inhibited Wolbachia transmission and partly contributed to blood meal-induced mortality. These data suggest that the components of the native mosquito microbiota can impede Wolbachia transmission in Anopheles. Incompatibility between the microbiota and Wolbachia may in part explain why some hosts are uninfected by this endosymbiont in nature.
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The miR156-SPL9-DFR pathway coordinates the relationship between development and abiotic stress tolerance in plants.
Plant J.
PUBLISHED: 06-15-2014
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Young organisms have relatively strong resistance to diseases and adverse conditions. When confronted with adversity, the process of development is delayed in plants. This phenomenon is thought to result from the rebalancing of energy, which helps plants coordinate the relationship between development and stress tolerance. However, the molecular mechanism underlying this phenomenon remains mysterious. In this study, we found that miR156 integrates environmental signals to ensure timely flowering, thus enabling the completion of breeding. Under stress conditions, miR156 is induced to maintain the plant in the juvenile state for a relatively long period of time, while under good conditions, miR156 is suppressed to accelerate the developmental transition. Blocking the miR156 signaling pathway in Arabidopsis thaliana with 35S::MIM156 (via target mimicry) increased the plant's sensitivity to stress treatment, while overexpression of miR156 increased stress tolerance. In fact, this mechanism is also conserved in rice. We also identified downstream genes of miR156, i.e., SQUAMOSA PROMOTER BINDING PROTEIN-LIKE9 (SPL9) and DIHYDROFLAVONOL-4-REDUCTASE (DFR), which take part in this process by influencing the metabolism of anthocyanin. Our results uncover a molecular mechanism for plant adaptation to the environment through the miR156-SPLs-DFR pathway, which coordinates development and abiotic stress tolerance. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.
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Interleukin 22 protects colorectal cancer cells from chemotherapy by activating the STAT3 pathway and inducing autocrine expression of interleukin 8.
Clin. Immunol.
PUBLISHED: 06-06-2014
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Resistance to chemotherapy is the major cause of colorectal cancer (CRC) treatment failure. The cytokine IL-22, which is produced by T cells and NK cells, is associated with tumorigenesis and tumor progression in cancers. However, the role of IL-22 in chemoresistance has not been investigated. We found that IL-22 levels in tumor tissues and peripheral blood were associated with chemoresistance and indicate poor prognosis for patients who received FOLFOX chemotherapy. In CRC cells, IL-22 was able to attenuate the cytotoxic and apoptosis-inducing effects of 5-FU and OXA by activating the STAT3 pathway and subsequently increasing the expression of anti-apoptotic genes. In addition, IL-22 conferred resistance to 5-FU and OXA by inducing IL-8 autocrine expression through STAT3 activation. Our findings identify IL-22 as a novel chemoresistance cytokine and may be a useful prognostic biomarker for CRC patients receiving FOLFOX chemotherapy.
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Optimal intervention time of vagal stimulation attenuating myocardial ischemia/reperfusion injury in rats.
Inflamm. Res.
PUBLISHED: 05-27-2014
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To determine the optimal intervention time of the vagal stimulation (VS) attenuating myocardial ischemia/reperfusion injury (IRI).
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Graphene earphones: entertainment for both humans and animals.
ACS Nano
PUBLISHED: 05-27-2014
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The human hearing range is from 20 Hz to 20 kHz. However, many animals can hear much higher sound frequencies. Dolphins, especially, have a hearing range up to 300 kHz. To our knowledge, there is no data of a reported wide-band sound frequency earphone to satisfy both humans and animals. Here, we show that graphene earphones, packaged into commercial earphone casings can play sounds ranging from 100 Hz to 50 kHz. By using a one-step laser scribing technology, wafer-scale flexible graphene earphones can be obtained in 25 min. Compared with a normal commercial earphone, the graphene earphone has a wider frequency response (100 Hz to 50 kHz) and a three times lower fluctuation (±10 dB). A nonlinear effect exists in the graphene-generated sound frequency spectrum. This effect could be explained by the DC bias added to the input sine waves which may induce higher harmonics. Our numerical calculations show that the sound frequency emitted by graphene could reach up to 1 MHz. In addition, we have demonstrated that a dog wearing a graphene earphone could also be trained and controlled by 35 kHz sound waves. Our results show that graphene could be widely used to produce earphones for both humans and animals.
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[Study on the backward extraction of cellulase in rhamnolipid reverse micelles].
Huan Jing Ke Xue
PUBLISHED: 05-13-2014
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This paper studied the backward extraction of cellulase in RL/isooctane/n-hexanol reverse micelles system. Several key parameters influencing the backward extraction efficiency and activity recovery of cellulase were investigated, including stripping aqueous pH, stripping time, salt type and ionic strength, and addition of alcohols. The experiment results indicated that the optimal parameter values as follows: stripping aqueous pH 7.0, stripping time 30 min, 0.15 mol x L(-1) of KCl, dosage of n-butanol 2%. Under above optimum conditions, the backward extraction efficiency and activity recovery were up to 76.22% and 93.39%, respectively. The backward extraction of cellulase using reverse micelles based on biosurfactant RL performs well. Furthermore, RL has many advantages such as high biodegradability, low critical micelle concentration, etc. The application prospects of RL reverse micelles are extensive.
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Tetrathiafulvalene-supported triple-decker phthalocyaninato dysprosium(III) complex: synthesis, properties and surface assembly.
Sci Rep
PUBLISHED: 04-23-2014
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Self-assembly of functional compounds into a prerequisite nanostructure with desirable dimension and morphology by controlling and optimizing intermolecular interaction attracts an extensive research interest for chemists and material scientist. In this work, a new triple-decker sandwich-type lanthanide complex with phthalocyanine and redox-active Schiff base ligand including tetrathiafulvalene (TTF) units has been synthesized, and characterized by single crystal X-ray diffraction analysis, absorption spectra, electrochemical and magnetic measurements. Interestingly, the non-centrosymmetric target complex displays a bias dependent selective adsorption on a solid surface, as observed by scanning tunneling microscopy (STM) at the single molecule level. Density function theory (DFT) calculations are utilized to reveal the formation mechanism of the molecular assemblies, and show that such electrical field dependent selective adsorption is regulated by the interaction between the external electric field and intrinsic molecular properties. Our results suggest that this type of multi-decker complex involving TTF units shows intriguing multifunctional properties from the viewpoint of structure, electric and magnetic behaviors, and fabrication through self-assembly.
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Prediction of myelopathic level in cervical spondylotic myelopathy using diffusion tensor imaging.
J Magn Reson Imaging
PUBLISHED: 03-21-2014
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To investigate the use of a newly designed machine learning-based classifier in the automatic identification of myelopathic levels in cervical spondylotic myelopathy (CSM).
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Small GTPase RBJ mediates nuclear entrapment of MEK1/MEK2 in tumor progression.
Cancer Cell
PUBLISHED: 03-11-2014
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Ras-related small GTPases play important roles in cancer. However, the roles of RBJ, a representative of the sixth subfamily of Ras-related small GTPases, in tumorigenesis and tumor progression remain unknown. Here, we report that RBJ is dysregulated in human gastrointestinal cancers and can promote carcinogenesis and tumor progression via nuclear entrapment of mitogen-activated protein/extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK) kinase (MEK)1/MEK2 and activation of ERK1/ERK2. Nucleus-localized RBJ interacts with MEK/ERK and prolongs the duration of MEK/ERK activation. Rbj deficiency abrogates nuclear accumulation of MEK1/MEK2, attenuates ERK1/ERK2 activation, and impairs AOM/DSS-induced colonic carcinogenesis. Moreover, Rbj knockdown inhibits growth of established tumors. Our data suggest that RBJ may be an oncogenic Ras-related small GTPase mediating nuclear accumulation of active MEK1/MEK2 in tumor progression.
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Preparation of three-dimensional macroporous chitosan-gelatin B microspheres and HepG2-cell culture.
J Tissue Eng Regen Med
PUBLISHED: 02-24-2014
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Chitosan-gelatin B microspheres with an open, interconnected, highly macroporous (100-200?µm) structure were prepared via a three-step protocol combining freeze-drying with an electrostatic and ionic cross-linking method. Saturated tripolyphosphate ethanol solution (85% ethanol) was chosen as the crosslinking agent to prevent destruction of the porous structure and to improve the biostability of the chitosan-gelatin B microspheres, with N-(3-dimethylaminopropyl)-N'-ethyl-carbodiimide/N-hydroxysuccinimide as a second crosslinking agent to react with gelatin A and fixed chitosan-gelatin B microspheres to attain improved biocompatibility. Water absorption of the three-dimensional macroporous chitosan-gelatin B microspheres (3D-P-CGMs) was 12.84, with a porosity of 85.45%. In vitro lysozyme degradation after 1, 3, 5, 7, 10, 14, and 21?days showed improved biodegradation in the 3D-P-CGMs. The morphology of human hepatoma cell lines (HepG2 cells) cultured on the 3D-P-CGMs was spherical, unlike that of cells cultured under traditional two-dimensional conditions. Scanning electron microscopy and paraffin sections were used to confirm the porous structure of the 3D-P-CGMs. HepG2 cells were able to migrate inside through the pore. Cell proliferation and levels of albumin and lactate dehydrogenase suggested that the 3D-P-CGMs could provide a larger specific surface area and an appropriate microenvironment for cell growth and survival. Hence, the 3D-P-CGMs are eminently suitable as macroporous scaffolds for cell cultures in tissue engineering and cell carrier studies. Copyright © 2014 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
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Coexpression of SFRP1 and WIF1 as a prognostic predictor of favorable outcomes in patients with colorectal carcinoma.
Biomed Res Int
PUBLISHED: 02-10-2014
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Colorectal tumorigenesis is ascribed to the activity of Wnt signaling pathway in a ligand-independent manner mainly through APC and CTNNB1 gene mutations and in a ligand-dependent manner through low expression of Wnt inhibitors such as WNT inhibitory factor 1 (WIF1) and secreted frizzled related protein 1 (SFRP1). In this study we found that WIF1 protein expression was increased and SFRP1 was decreased significantly in CRC tissue versus normal tissue, and high expression of WIF1 was associated with big tumor diameters and deep invasion, and loss of SFRP1 expression was associated with the left lesion site, deep invasion, and high TNM stage. Among the four expression patterns (WIF+/SFRP1+, WIF+/SFRP1-, WIF-/SFRP1+, and WIF-/SFRP1-) only coexpression of WIF1 and SFRP1 (WIF+/SFRP1+) was associated with favorable overall survival, together with low TNM stage, as an independent prognostic factor as shown in a multivariate survival model. The results indicated that WIF1 seemed to play an oncogenic role, while SFRP1 seemed to play an oncosuppressive role although both of them are secreted Wnt antagonists. Coexpression of SFRP1 and WIF1, rather than SFRP1 or WIF1 alone, could be used, together with low TNM stage, as a prognostic predictor of favorable outcomes in CRC.
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Halomonas qiaohouensis sp. nov., isolated from salt mine soil in southwest China.
Antonie Van Leeuwenhoek
PUBLISHED: 01-29-2014
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Two Gram-stain negative, moderately halophilic, aerobic, motile bacteria, designated strains YIM QH88(T) and YIM QH103, were isolated from the Qiaohou salt mine in Yunnan, southwest China. Cells of the strains were observed to be rod-shaped and produce creamy-coloured colonies. Growth of the two strains was observed at 10-45 °C (optimum 25-37 °C), at pH 6.0-10.0 (optimum 7.0-8.0), and in the presence of 0.5-20 % (w/v) NaCl (optimum 2-6 %). The two strains were found to contain summed feature 8 (C18:1 ?7c/?6c), C19:0 cyclo ?8c and C16:0 as the major cellular fatty acids. The polar lipids were identified as diphosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylethanolamine and unknown phospholipid. The G+C content of the genomic DNA of strains YIM QH88(T) and YIM QH103 were determined to be 64.6 and 64.2 mol%, respectively, and the predominant respiratory quinone detected was ubiquinone 9. Phylogenetic analyses based on 16S rRNA gene sequences indicated that strains YIM QH88(T) and YIM QH103 formed a distinct lineage within the genus Halomonas and were most closely related to Halomonas pantelleriensis DSM 9661(T) with 97.3 and 97.5 % of 16S rRNA sequence similarity respectively. The DNA-DNA hybridization relatedness value for strains YIM QH88(T) and YIM QH103 was 95.2 ± 0.8 %. The levels of DNA-DNA relatedness between each of these two strains and the type strains of phylogenetically closely related Halomonas species were clearly below 70 %. On the basis of their phylogenetic analysis, DNA-DNA hybridization relatedness, phenotypic and chemotaxonomic characteristics, strains YIM QH88(T) and YIM QH103 should be classified as a novel species of the genus Halomonas, for which the name Halomonas qiaohouensis sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is YIM QH88(T) (=DSM 26770(T) =CCTCC AB 2012965(T)).
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miR-181a mediates metabolic shift in colon cancer cells via the PTEN/AKT pathway.
FEBS Lett.
PUBLISHED: 01-18-2014
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Cancer cell metabolism is often characterized by a shift from an oxidative to a glycolytic bioenergetics pathway, a phenomenon known as the warburg effect. Whether the deregulation of miRNAs contributes to the warburg effect remains largely unknown. Here we show that miR-181a expression is increased and thus induces a metabolic shift in colon cancer cells. miR-181a performs this function by inhibiting the expression of PTEN, leading to an increase of phosphorylated AKT which triggers metabolic shift. The increase of lactate production induced by miR-181a results in the rapid growth of cancer cells. These results identify miR-181a as a molecular switch involved in the orchestration of the warburg effect in colon cancer cells via the PTEN/AKT pathway.
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Laparoscopic hepaticoplasty using gallbladder as a subcutaneous tunnel for hepatolithiasis.
World J. Gastroenterol.
PUBLISHED: 01-14-2014
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To investigate the feasibility, efficacy and safety of laparoscopic hepaticoplasty using gallbladder as subcutaneous tunnel and sphincter-of-Oddi preservation for hepatolithiasis.
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Wafer-scale integration of graphene-based electronic, optoelectronic and electroacoustic devices.
Sci Rep
PUBLISHED: 01-09-2014
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In virtue of its superior properties, the graphene-based device has enormous potential to be a supplement or an alternative to the conventional silicon-based device in varies applications. However, the functionality of the graphene devices is still limited due to the restriction of the high cost, the low efficiency and the low quality of the graphene growth and patterning techniques. We proposed a simple one-step laser scribing fabrication method to integrate wafer-scale high-performance graphene-based in-plane transistors, photodetectors, and loudspeakers. The in-plane graphene transistors have a large on/off ratio up to 5.34. And the graphene photodetector arrays were achieved with photo responsivity as high as 0.32 A/W. The graphene loudspeakers realize wide-band sound generation from 1 to 50 kHz. These results demonstrated that the laser scribed graphene could be used for wafer-scale integration of a variety of graphene-based electronic, optoelectronic and electroacoustic devices.
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Inhibition of autophagy signi?cantly enhances combination therapy with sorafenib and HDAC inhibitors for human hepatoma cells.
World J. Gastroenterol.
PUBLISHED: 01-02-2014
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To clarify whether histone deacetylase inhibitors histone deacetylase inhibitors (HDACIs) can sensitize hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) cells to sorafenib treatment.
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DNA microarray reveals ZNF195 and SBF1 are potential biomarkers for gemcitabine sensitivity in head and neck squamous cell carcinoma cell lines.
Int J Clin Exp Pathol
PUBLISHED: 01-01-2014
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Gemcitabine is a potential chemotherapy drug for treatment of head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC), however, the poor or partial response of HNSCC patients to gemcitabine demonstrated the urgent need for gemcitabine biomarkers to improve the therapy. In present work, 10 HNSCC cell lines were employed to figure out the biomarkers for gemcitabine sensitivity. The sensitivities of these 10 cell lines to gemcitabine and the basal expression of these cell lines was investigated, the correlation between gemcitabine response (IC50 dose) and gene expression was investigated by Pearson correlation and FDR estimation. The top seven positive genes responsible for gemcitabine sensitivity were validated by qPCR in these 10 HNSCC cell lines, while only two genes (SBF1 and ZNF195) were expression-correlated to gemcitabine response. Furthermore, ZNF195 expression was closely associated with gemcitabine sensitivity in the subsequent independent validation in cell lines from various types of cancer. Our work might provide potential biomarkers for gemcitabine sensitivity in HNSCC and various type of cancer.
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Survival benefits of metformin for colorectal cancer patients with diabetes: a systematic review and meta-analysis.
PLoS ONE
PUBLISHED: 01-01-2014
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Several studies suggest that metformin has the potential effect of reducing cancer risk. However, its survival benefit in patients with colorectal cancer (CRC) and diabetes is unknown. The aim of our study is to address the effect of metformin on outcomes for CRC based on a systematic review and meta-analysis.
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[Analysis of association of economic burden of hypertension with tobacco exposure in Luoping county of Yunnan province].
Zhonghua Yu Fang Yi Xue Za Zhi
PUBLISHED: 12-30-2013
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To analyze the association between hypertension and tobacco exposure Luoping county of Yunnan province and estimate the direct cost attributable to hypertension .
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Calix[4]arene-Supported Mononuclear Lanthanide Single-Molecule Magnet.
Inorg Chem
PUBLISHED: 12-19-2013
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Three new single paramagnetic lanthanide-based complexes, [Ln(L)(LOEt)] (Ln(3+) = Dy(3+), Tb(3+), and Ho(3+)), are synthesized with the multidentate calix[4]arene ligand H2L (H2L = 5,11,17,23-tetrakis(1,1-dimethylethyl)-25,27-dihydroxy-26,28-dimethoxycalix[4]arene) and Kläuis tripodal ligand LOEt(-) (LOEt(-) = (?(5)-cyclopentadienyl)tris(diethylphosphito-p)cobaltate(III)). All of the complexes have been characterized by single crystal X-ray diffraction analysis, thermal stability, absorption spectra, and magnetization measurements. The magnetic properties and magnetostructural correlation in this seven-coordinated system are investigated. The dysprosium complex 1 shows typical single-molecule magnetic behavior with characteristic magnetic hysteresis loops and the slow relaxation of magnetization.
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Aralia cordata Inhibits Triacylglycerol Biosynthesis in HepG2 Cells.
J Med Food
PUBLISHED: 11-27-2013
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Abstract Glycerol-3-phosphate acyltransferase (GPAT) catalyzes the first committed step in triacylglycerol (TAG) and phospholipid biosynthesis, and has been considered as one of the drug targets for treating hepatic steatosis, insulin resistance, and other metabolic disorders. The aim of this study was to investigate the GPAT inhibitors from natural products and to evaluate their effects. The methanol extract of Aralia cordata roots showed a strong inhibitory effect on the human GPAT1 activity. A further bioactivity-guided approach led to the isolation of ent-pimara-8(14),15-dien-19-oic acid, (PA), one of the major compounds of A. cordata, which suppressed the GPAT1 activity with IC50 value of 60.5 ?M. PA markedly reduced de novo lysophosphatidic acid synthesis through inhibition of GPAT activity and therefore significantly decreased synthesis of TAG in the HepG2 cells. These results suggest that PA as well as A. cordata root extract could be beneficial in controlling lipid metabolism.
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Is diffusion anisotropy a biomarker for disease severity and surgical prognosis of cervical spondylotic myelopathy?
Radiology
PUBLISHED: 10-28-2013
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Purpose To explore the value of diffusion-tensor (DT) imaging in addressing the severity of cervical spondylotic myelopathy (CSM) and predicting the outcome of surgical treatment. Materials and Methods From July 2009 to May 2012, 65 volunteers were recruited for this institutional review board-approved study, and all gave informed consent; 20 volunteers were healthy subjects (age range, 41-62 years), and 45 were patients with CSM (age range, 43-86 years). Anatomic and DT 3.0-T magnetic resonance images were obtained. Surgical decompression was performed in 22 patients with CSM, and patients were followed up for 6 months to 2 years. The clinical severity of myelopathy and postoperative recovery were assessed by using the modified Japanese Orthopaedic Association (mJOA) score. A recovery ratio (comparison of postoperative with preoperative mJOA score) of more than 50% indicated a good clinical outcome of surgery. DT findings, patient age, T2 high signal intensity (HSI), and somatosensory evoked potential (SEP) were analyzed by using a logistic regression model to predict the surgical outcome of patients with CSM. Results A significant difference in cervical cord mean fractional anisotropy (FA) was found between healthy subjects and patients with CSM (0.65 ± 0.05 [standard deviation] vs 0.52 ± 0.13, P < .001). FA values were significantly correlated with the severity of neurologic dysfunction indicated by mJOA score (r(2) = 0.327, P = .016). Logistic regression analysis showed that mean FA (P = .030) and FA at the C2 vertebra (P = .035) enabled prediction of good surgical outcome; however, preoperative mJOA (P = .927), T2 HSI (P = .176), SEP amplitude (P = .154), and latency (P = .260) did not. Conclusion FA is a biomarker for the severity of myelopathy and for subsequent surgical outcome. © RSNA, 2013 Online supplemental material is available for this article.
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Ischemic preconditioning produces more powerful anti-inflammatory and cardioprotective effects than limb remote ischemic postconditioning in rats with myocardial ischemia-reperfusion injury.
Chin. Med. J.
PUBLISHED: 10-26-2013
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Both ischemic preconditioning (IPC) and limb remote ischemic postconditioning (LRIPOC) have been shown to possess significantly different cardioprotective effects against the myocardial ischemia reperfusion injury (IRI), but no study has compared the anti-inflammatory effects of IPC and LRIPOC during myocardial IRI process. We hypothesized that IPC and LRIPOC would produce different anti-inflammatory effects in an in vivo rat model with myocardial IRI.
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The botryoidal microcapsule: a novel tissue scaffold.
Hepatogastroenterology
PUBLISHED: 09-26-2013
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Due to the semi-permeable membrane and biocompatibility, microcapsules have a very promising future in cell transplantation, drug carrier and large-scale cell culture. However, the current design prevents it from playing a role in tissue scaffold.
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Seven-coordinate lanthanide sandwich-type complexes with a tetrathiafulvalene-fused Schiff base ligand.
Inorg Chem
PUBLISHED: 09-24-2013
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Three seven-coordinate lanthanide(III) sandwich-type mononuclear complexes with ?-conjugated TTF-Schiff base ligand H2L (L(2-) = 2,2-((2-(4,5-bis(methylthio)-1,3-dithiol-2-ylidene)-1,3-benzodithiole-5,6-diyl)bis(nitrilomethylidyne)bis(4-chlorophenolate)) and the tripodal ligand L(OEt)(-) (L(OEt)(-) = [(?(5)-C5H5)Co(P(?O)(OEt)2)3](-)), [(L(OEt))Ln(L)]·0.25H2O (Ln(3+) = Dy(3+), 1; Tb(3+), 2; Ho(3+), 3), have been synthesized and structurally characterized. All of the complexes are also characterized by absorption spectra and electrochemical, spectroelectrochemical, and magnetic studies. The Dy complex exhibits the field-induced slow relaxation of magnetization with an energy barrier of 41.6 K, indicating it shows single lanthanide-based SMM behavior. Introduction of the redox-active TTF unit into the sandwich-type lanthanide(III) complexes with interesting magnetic properties renders them promising for elaboration of new hybrid inorganic-organic materials.
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A Stable and Efficient Agrobacterium tumefaciens-Mediated Genetic Transformation of the Medicinal Plant Digitalis purpurea L.
Appl. Biochem. Biotechnol.
PUBLISHED: 09-03-2013
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In this study, we developed a rapid and efficient method for in vitro propagation and Agrobacterium tumefaciens-mediated transformation of Digitalis purpurea L. (syn. foxglove), an important medicinal plant. Mature leaf explants of D. purpurea were used for 100 % adventitious shoot regeneration on Murashige and Skoog (MS) medium supplemented with 1 mg L(-1) thidiazuron (TDZ) (a cytokine) and 0.1 mg L(-1) 1-naphthaleneacetic acid (NAA) (an auxin). Transformation was achieved by inoculating leaf explants with the A. tumefaciens strains GV2260/pBI121 or GV3101/pBI121. The binary vector pBI121 contained the reporter ?-glucuronidase gene (GUS) and kanamycin selection marker nptII. Kanamycin-resistant shoots were regenerated directly on the selection medium 4-6 weeks after co-cultivation. Approximately, 52.2 and 60 % of kanamycin-resistant shoots transformed with Agrobacterium strains GV2260 and GV3101, respectively, showed strong GUS staining by histochemical assay. Furthermore, PCR and Southern blot analysis confirmed the presence of nptII and GUS on the chromosome of the transformed D. purpurea plants, and stable GUS expression was detected in the transformants by RT-PCR analysis. This efficient method of shoot regeneration and genetic transformation of D. purpurea will provide a powerful tool to increase and produce valuable components such as digitoxin, digoxin, and digoxigenin in D. purpurea through improved secondary metabolic pathways via a biotechnological approach.
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Diffusion tensor imaging of somatosensory tract in cervical spondylotic myelopathy and its link with electrophysiological evaluation.
Spine J
PUBLISHED: 07-24-2013
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Abnormal somatosensory evoked potential (SEP) (ie, prolonged latency) has been associated with poor surgical prognosis of cervical spondylotic myelopathy (CSM).
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[Autophagic flux of cardiomyocytes from 20-week transverse abdominal aortic constriction rats].
Sheng Li Xue Bao
PUBLISHED: 06-22-2013
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Cardiac autophagy dramatically increases in heart failure induced by sustained pressure overload. However, it has not yet been addressed if enhanced autophagy plays a role in protecting myocardium or mediating progression from compensative hypertrophy to heart failure. The aim of the present study was to detect autophagic flux of cardiomyocytes from 20-week transverse abdominal aortic constriction (TAC) rats. Fasting rats were used as the positive control for detecting cardiac autophagy. Echocardiography was applied to find the changes of cardiac structure and function. Immunofluorescent histochemistry and Western blot were used to analyze the related biomolecular indexes reflecting cardiac autophagic flux. After the previous methods for detecting cardiac autophagy were confirmed, the autophagic flux in cardiomyocytes of rats subjected to 20-week TAC was examined. The results showed that fasting had no obvious influence on parameters of cardiac structure in rats, including interventricular septal wall thickness and left ventricle posterior wall thickness, but heart rate, diastolic left ventricle internal dimension, fractional shortening of left ventricle dimension, ejection fraction and mitral inflow velocity decreased in rats after fasting for 3 d. Meanwhile, positively stained particles of LC3 and cathepsin D, but not ubiquitin and complement 9, distributed within cardiomyocytes of 3-day fasting rats, indicating augmented autophagic flux. Compared with sham rats, 20-week TAC rats did not show any changes of LC3, cathepsin D, ubiquitin and complement 9 in myocardium detected by immunofluorescent histochemistry. In addition, protein levels of LC3, cathepsin D and p62 in myocardium of TAC rats did not changed. These results reveal the unchanged autophagic flux in cardiomyocytes at middle or late phase of cardiac hypertrophy in TAC rats, implying a balance between inhibition of hypertrophy and activation of pressure load stress on autophagy.
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Procalcitonin in abdominal exudate to predict prolonged postoperative ileus following colorectal carcinoma surgery.
Int. J. Biol. Markers
PUBLISHED: 05-30-2013
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Prolonged postoperative ileus (PPOI) is a common problem after major abdominal surgery and can cause postoperative morbidity, extended hospitalization, as well as increased health care costs.
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[Follow-up observation of photoselective vaporization of prostate for treatment of benign prostatic hyperplasia within five years].
Zhonghua Wai Ke Za Zhi
PUBLISHED: 05-29-2013
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To evaluate the efficacy and safty of photoselective vaporization of prostate (PVP) in the treatment of benign prostatic hyperplasia with obstruction within 5 years.
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Gracilimonas mengyeensis sp. nov., a moderately halophilic bacterium isolated from a salt mine in Yunnan, south-western China.
Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol.
PUBLISHED: 05-24-2013
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A facultatively anaerobic, Gram-staining-negative, pale red-pigmented, non-motile, rod-shaped, moderately halophilic bacterium, designated strain YIM J14(T), was isolated from a sediment sample from a salt mine in Yunnan, south-western China. Growth occurred at NaCl concentrations of between 2?% and 15?% (w/v) and optimally with 5-9?% NaCl. The optimum temperature and pH for growth of the strain were 28 °C and pH 7.5. The major cellular fatty acids were iso-C15?:?0, anteiso-C15?:?0 and iso-C17?:?1?9c/10-methyl-C16?:?0. The polar lipid profile was composed predominantly of diphosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylcholine and one unknown phospholipid. Minor amounts of other lipids were also detectable. The genomic DNA G+C content was 47.2 mol%. Phylogenetic analysis based on 16S rRNA gene sequence comparisons indicated that strain YIM J14(T) was related to Gracilimonas tropica in the phylum Bacteroidetes. The level of 16S rRNA gene sequence similarity between strain YIM J14(T) and Gracilimonas tropica CL-CB462(T) was 96.9?%. A DNA-DNA hybridization experiment between strain YIM J14(T) and Gracilimonas tropica indicated levels of relatedness of 28?%. Chemotaxonomic data supported the placement of strain YIM J14(T) in the genus Gracilimonas. DNA-DNA hybridization and biochemical and physiological characterization allowed strain YIM J14(T) to be differentiated from Gracilimonas tropica. It is therefore considered to represent a novel species of the genus Gracilimonas, for which the name Gracilimonas mengyeensis sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain YIM J14(T) (?=?ACCC 10717(T)?=?DSM 21985(T)).
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[Efficacy and safety of sublingual immunotherapy of allergic rhinitis in children between 4 and 5 years age group and 11 and 12 years age group].
Zhonghua Er Bi Yan Hou Tou Jing Wai Ke Za Zhi
PUBLISHED: 05-10-2013
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To evaluate the efficacy and safety of the sublingual immunotherapy with Dermatophagoides fannie drops on children with allergic rhinitis of different age groups (4 - 5 years old group and 11 - 12 years old group).
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Correlations of tumor-associated macrophage subtypes with liver metastases of colorectal cancer.
Asian Pac. J. Cancer Prev.
PUBLISHED: 04-30-2013
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This work aimed to investigate the correlations of tumor-associated macrophages (TAMs) and their subtypes M1 and M2 with liver metastasis of colorectal cancer, and provide useful references for seeking predictors of liver metastasis and studying mechanisms.
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Promotion effect of constituents from the root of Polygonum multiflorum on hair growth.
Bioorg. Med. Chem. Lett.
PUBLISHED: 04-26-2013
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Two new compounds, gallic acid ester of torachrysone-8-O-?-D-glucoside (1) and (E)-2,3,5,4-tetrahydroxystilbene-2-O-?-D-xyloside (4), along with eight known compounds (2, 3, 5-10) were isolated from a 70% ethanol extract of Polygonum multiflorum roots. The structures were determined by (1)H and (13)C NMR, HMQC, and HMBC spectrometry. Extracts of P. multiflorum have been reported to promote hair growth in vivo. This study was carried out to evaluate the effects of isolated compounds from P. multiflorum on promoting hair growth using dermal papilla cells (DPCs), which play an important role in hair growth. When DPCs were treated with compounds (1-10) from P. multiflorum, compounds 1, 2, 3, 6, and 10 increased the proliferation of DPCs compared with the control. Specifically, compound 2 (10 and 20 ?M) induced a greater increase in the proliferation of DPCs than minoxidil (10 ?M). Additionally, treatment of vibrissa follicles with compound 2 for 21 days increased hair-fiber length significantly. On the basis of this result, further investigation and optimization of these derivatives might help in the development of therapeutic agents for the treatment of alopecia.
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[Pay more attention to the role of surgery on the treatment of ulcerative colitis in China].
Zhonghua Wei Chang Wai Ke Za Zhi
PUBLISHED: 04-24-2013
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Ulcerative colitis(UC) is a relapsing and remitting disease characterized by chronic mucosal and submucosal inflammation of the colon and rectum. Treatment may vary depending upon the extent and severity of the inflammation. But for a long time, the majority of doctors and patients in China show an excessive dependence on medication and ignore the importance of surgical treatment. This has seriously affected the overall level of UC treatment in China and resulted in a poor prognosis of some patients. Abandoning obsolete concept, grasping the operation timing, selecting the proper operation mode, enhancing surgical technique and founding a multi-disciplinary team, are the key to successfully curing UC.
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Synthesis of an (11) C-labeled antiprion GN8 derivative and evaluation of its brain uptake by positron emission tomography.
ChemMedChem
PUBLISHED: 04-18-2013
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A radiolabeled PET! A (11) C-labeled derivative of N,N-(methylenedi-4,1-phenylene)bis[2-(1-pyrrolidinyl) acetamide] (GN8), an antiprion agent currently under development, was synthesized by palladium-catalyzed rapid methylation of aryltributylstannane and assessed for brain penetration and organ distribution in rats by positron emission tomography (PET).
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Aberrant expression of sonic hedgehog pathway in colon cancer and melanosis coli.
J Dig Dis
PUBLISHED: 04-05-2013
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To determine the hedgehog (Hh) signaling pathway correlated with the development of colon cancer and melanosis coli.
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DW MRI at 3.0 T versus FDG PET/CT for detection of malignant pulmonary tumors.
Int. J. Cancer
PUBLISHED: 04-04-2013
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Emerging evidence suggests that diffusion-weighted magnetic resonance imaging (DW MRI) could be useful for tumor detection with N and M staging of lung cancer in place of fluorine 18 fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography/computed tomography (FDG PET/CT). DW MRI at 3.0 T and FDG PET/CT were performed before therapy in 113 patients with pulmonary nodules. Mean apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC), maximal standardized uptake value (SUVmax ) and Ki-67 scores were assessed. Quantitatively, specificity and accuracy of ADC (91.7 and 92.9%, respectively) were significantly higher than those of SUVmax (66.7 and 77.9% respectively, p < 0.05), although sensitivity was not significantly different between them (93.5 and 83.1%, p > 0.05). Qualitatively, sensitivity, specificity and accuracy of DW MRI (96.1, 83.3 and 92.0%, respectively) were also not significantly different from that of FDG PET/CT (88.3, 83.3 and 86.7%, respectively, p > 0.05). Significant negative correlation was found between Ki-67 score and ADC (r = -0.66, p < 0.05), ADC and SUVmax (r = -0.37, p < 0.05), but not between Ki-67 score and SUVmax (r = -0.11, p > 0.05). In conclusion, quantitative and qualitative assessments for detection of malignant pulmonary tumors with DW MRI at 3.0 T are superior to those with FDG PET/CT. Furthermore, ADC could predict the malignancy of lung cancer.
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[Research progression in colorectal cancer stem cells].
Zhonghua Wei Chang Wai Ke Za Zhi
PUBLISHED: 03-29-2013
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Colorectal cancer(CRC) as a common malignancy in the digestive tract, its incidence and mortality increase significantly in China. Cancer stem cells(CSCs) are defined as a small fraction of tumor initiating cells that are endowed with both self-renewal and tumor growth potential. They may be responsible for tumor progression, metastasis, relapse and drug-resistance. Therefore, the isolation and characterization of tumorigenic CSCs in CRC may help to devise novel diagnostic and therapeutic procedures. This review briefly discusses the most recent advances in research on colorectal cancer stem cells including definition of the cancer stem cells, origin and specific markers of the colorectal CSCs. Transduction signal pathway involved in CSCs, potential therapeutic strategies targeting CSCs, and current issues in CSCs related research are also discussed.
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The Kunming mouse: as a model for age-related decline in female fertility in human.
Zygote
PUBLISHED: 03-21-2013
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To ascertain whether the Kunming (KM) mouse is an available model for age-related decline in female fertility in human or not, oocytes from young (6-8 weeks), middle-aged (9 months) and aged (12 months) female mice were compared with respect to number of oocytes, frequency of in-vitro maturation (IVM) and in-vitro fertilization (IVF), and meiotic chromosome segregation and alignment. The mean number of pups born per mouse decreased significantly from the young to the middle-aged and the aged mice. The mean number of ovarian follicles, ovarian germinal vesicle oocytes and ovulated MII oocytes decreased significantly with maternal age. The rate of IVM in oocytes from young mice (73.9%) was less significantly than that in oocytes from middle-aged and aged mice (86.1% and 84.4%, respectively). Immunocytochemical analysis showed that ageing caused a significantly higher rate (49.3%) of chromosome misalignment than that (15.7%) of the young mice. The presence of premature chromatids was also significantly higher in MII oocytes of aged mice as compared with young mice (37.8 versus 8.3%). Pronuclear formation was delayed in oocytes of middle-aged and aged females (35.5 and 42.3% respectively in 5 h of IVF) as compared with young mice (88.1%). The study suggests that KM mouse exhibits an age-related decline in female fertility. Significant reduction of germinal vesicle (GV) and MII oocytes and significant increase of metaphase chromosome misalignment and premature chromatid segregation after meiotic maturation of oocytes, similar to human, presumably contribute to the decline in aged KM mice.
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Comparative molecular analysis of the prokaryotic diversity of two salt mine soils in southwest China.
J. Basic Microbiol.
PUBLISHED: 03-01-2013
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While much is known about the microbial diversity in some hypersaline environments, little is known about those of salt mine tunnel soils. The objective of this study was to conduct a comprehensive phylogenetic comparison of the archaeal and bacterial communities present in Yipinglang salt mine (YPL) and Qiaohou salt mine (QH) tunnels differing in salinity and salt composition using 16S rRNA gene clone libraries. Two hundred twenty-eight sequences for QH and 182 sequences for YPL were analyzed by amplified ribosomal DNA-restriction analysis. Libraries revealed 44 bacterial and 57 archaeal different operational taxonomic units belonging to at least 8 bacterial and 3 archaeal divisions, but not all divisions were observed in both salt mines. The bacterial community affiliated with the Bacteroidetes was the most abundant (60% of clones) in QH, while the community in YPL was dominated by ?-Proteobacteria (45% of clones). All archaeal clones from QH were affiliated with Halobacteriaceae. In contrast, in the YPL library, 49% of clones belonged to Halobacteriaceae, 31% of clones related to unclassified archaea, and 21% of clones belonged to Crenarchaeota. Bioinformatic analysis and comparisons showed that the clone libraries were significantly different between two salt mines.
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FOXO6 promotes gastric cancer cell tumorigenicity via upregulation of C-myc.
FEBS Lett.
PUBLISHED: 02-26-2013
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The aberrant regulation of many related genes is involved in the development and progression of gastric carcinoma. In the present study, we show that mRNA and protein levels of FOXO6 are upregulated in gastric cancer tissues. Forced overexpression of FOXO6 promotes gastric cancer cell proliferation, while knockdown of FOXO6 expression inhibits proliferation. We show that ectopic FOXO6 expression induces the expression of C-myc. Furthermore, we found that FOXO6 physically interacts with the transcription factor hepatic nuclear factor 4 (HNF4) in gastric cancer cells. FOXO6 induces C-myc expression by associating to HNF4 and mediating histone acetylation, and the dissociation of HDAC3 from the promoter of the C-myc gene. Therefore, our results suggest a previously unknown FOXO6/HNF4/C-myc molecular network controlling gastric cancer development.
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Quantitative analysis of fiber tractography in cervical spondylotic myelopathy.
Spine J
PUBLISHED: 02-25-2013
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Diffusion tensor fiber tractography is an emerging tool for the visualization of spinal cord microstructure. However, there are few quantitative analyses of the damage in the nerve fiber tracts of the myelopathic spinal cord.
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Common genetic variants regulating ADD3 gene expression alter biliary atresia risk.
J. Hepatol.
PUBLISHED: 02-15-2013
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Biliary atresia (BA) is a rare and most severe cholestatic disease in neonates, but the pathogenic mechanisms are unknown. Through a previous genome wide association study (GWAS) on Han Chinese, we discovered association of the 10q24.2 region encompassing ADD3 and XPNPEP1 genes, which was replicated in Chinese and Thai populations. This study aims to fully characterize the genetic architecture at 10q24.2 and to reveal the link between the genetic variants and BA.
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Epidemiological and molecular characterization of community and hospital acquired Staphylococcus aureus strains prevailing in Shenyang, Northeastern China.
Braz J Infect Dis
PUBLISHED: 02-11-2013
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In order to obtain adequate information for the treatment of methicillin resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) infections, it is crucial to identify trends in epidemiological and antimicrobial resistance patterns of local S. aureus strains. Community and hospital acquired S. aureus isolates (n=202) were characterized using staphylococcal cassette chromosome mec (SCCmec) typing, pulse field gel electrophoresis (PFGE) analysis, spa typing and minimal inhibitory concentration (MIC) determination. The prevalence of the Panton-Valentine leukocidine (pvl) and several antibiotic resistance genes among the isolates were also detected by PCR. All of the S. aureus isolates were susceptible to vancomycin, daptomycin and linezolid. Three hospital isolates were resistant to teicoplanin while 14 showed intermediate resistance to teicoplanin. The resistance patterns of community-acquired MRSA (CA-MRSA) isolates to other antimicrobials were similar to those of hospital-acquired MRSA (HA-MRSA) isolates except for clindamycin and gentamicin. There was excellent correlation between phenotypes and genotypes in the determination of S. aureus resistance to erythromycin, gentamicin, and tetracycline. The SCCmec type II and SCCmec type IV were the predominant types detected in hospital and community isolates, respectively. The most frequently encountered spa types were t002 and t030 both in HA- and CA-MRSA isolates. Pulsotype A was the most predominant pulsotype identified among the isolates tested, followed by pulsotype B. Seventy-two hospital isolates (19 HA-MRSA and 53 HA-MSSA) and 10 CA-MRSA were positive for the pvl gene. This study shows that the combination of susceptibility testing and various molecular methods has provided useful information on the antibiotic resistance and molecular diversity of S. aureus in a specific region of China. The high proportion of pvl positive MSSA and MRSA isolates observed in this study indicates that adequate measures are needed to curtail the spread of those MRSA and MSSA clones prevailing both in hospital and the community.
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Biotransformation of ursolic acid by Syncephalastrum racemosum CGMCC 3.2500 and anti-HCV activity.
Fitoterapia
PUBLISHED: 01-29-2013
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Microbial transformation of ursolic acid (UA, 3?-hydroxy-urs-12-en-28-oic acid, 1) by filamentous fungus Syncephalastrum racemosum CGMCC 3.2500 was conducted. Five metabolites 3?, 7?, 21?-trihydroxy-urs-12-en-28-oic acid (2); 3?, 21?-dihydroxy-urs-11-en-28-oic acid-13-lactone (3); 1?, 3?, 21?-trihydroxy-urs-12-en-28-oic acid (4); 3?, 7?, 21?-trihydroxy-urs-1-en-28-oic acid-13-lactone (5); and 21-oxo-1?, 3?-dihydroxy-urs-12-en-28-oic acid (6) were afforded. Elucidation of the structures of these metabolites was primarily based on 1D and 2D NMR and HR-MS data. Metabolite 2 was a new compound. In addition, the anti-HCV activity of compounds 1-6 was evaluated.
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Stimulation of dragons blood accumulation in Dracaena cambodiana via fungal inoculation.
Fitoterapia
PUBLISHED: 01-23-2013
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Dragons blood is a rare and precious traditional medicine used by different cultures since ancient times. However, studies on enhancing the rapid accumulation of dragons blood in Dracaena cambodiana and determining its formation mechanism are unavailable. In this study, the activities of two fungi, namely, BJDC01 and BJDC05, and their effect on promoting the accumulation of five main compositions of dragons blood in D. cambodiana were investigated for the first time. Results of field tests conducted for ten months indicated that the contents of Loureirin D, 4,4-dihydroxy-2-dimethoxychalcone, Loureirin A and Loureirin B in two fungal-inoculated materials were 1.67 to 2.85 times greater than those of natural samples, and thus were significantly higher than those of the control groups. The content of 4,4-dihydroxy-26-dimethoxydihydrochalcone in each fungal-inoculated sample was close to that of the natural sample, and was more than twice of each of the control group. By combining the results of morphological characterizations, both BJDC01 and BJDC05 can stimulate the accumulation of the compositions of dragons blood. This stimulation may be considered as a defense response of D. cambodiana tree against the invasion of foreign fungi. Thus, this study provides a potential way of producing dragons blood via the inoculation of two fungal elicitors.
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Cytokine levels in abdominal exudate predict prolonged postoperative ileus following surgery for colorectal carcinoma.
Oncol Lett
PUBLISHED: 01-21-2013
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The aim of the present study was to investigate whether the measurement of cytokines from abdominal exudate is valuable for the early diagnosis of prolonged postoperative ileus (PPOI) following colorectal surgery. In the present study, 100 consecutive patients who were scheduled to undergo elective resection for carcinoma of the sigmoid or rectum were investigated. Abdominal exudate was obtained via a drain tube following surgery for the detection of interleukin (IL)-1?, IL-6 and tumour necrosis factor (TNF)-?. The correlation among the cytokine levels on postoperative days 1, 3 and 5 and the development of PPOI was investigated. Eight patients developed PPOI which was diagnosed 10-15 days postoperatively. No significant differences were observed among the peritoneal cytokine levels on postoperative days 1 and 3 in the 8 patients who developed PPOI when compared with those of the 92 patients that did not develop PPOI. By contrast, cytokine levels on postoperative day 5 were significantly higher in patients who developed PPOI when compared with those of patients that did not develop PPOI. The cytokine levels significantly increased during the first 5 days postoperatively in patients who developed PPOI and significantly decreased in patients who did not develop PPOI. The results of the present study showed that the increase in peritoneal IL-1?, IL-6 and TNF-? levels may be an additional early diagnostic predictor of PPOI following colorectal surgery.
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Gastric juice MicroRNAs as potential biomarkers for the screening of gastric cancer.
Cancer
PUBLISHED: 01-18-2013
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MicroRNAs (miRNAs) play a crucial role in carcinogenesis; however, it largely remains unclear whether miRNAs in gastric juice, which is specific for gastric tissues, can be used as biomarkers for gastric cancer. The objective of the current study was to investigate the feasibility of using gastric juice miRNAs as potential biomarkers to assist in screening for gastric cancer.
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Aliifodinibius roseus gen. nov., sp. nov., and Aliifodinibius sediminis sp. nov., two moderately halophilic bacteria isolated from salt mine samples.
Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol.
PUBLISHED: 01-18-2013
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Two rod-shaped, non-motile bacteria were isolated from two separate salt mines in Yunnan, south-western China. These strains, designated YIM D15(T) and YIM J21(T), were Gram-negative and moderately halophilic. The two strains required 6-10 % NaCl (w/v; optimal) for growth. The DNA G+C contents of strains YIM D15(T) and YIM J21(T) were 49.0 mol% and 48.4 mol%, respectively. The predominant isoprenoid quinone was MK-7. The polar lipid profiles of strains YIM D15(T) and YIM J21(T) were composed predominantly of diphosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylcholine, phosphatidylethanolamine, three unknown polar lipids and one glycolipid. Minor amounts of other lipids were also detectable. The predominant cellular fatty acids were iso-C15 : 0, anteiso-C15 : 0, iso-C17 : 1?9c/10 methyl-C16 : 0 and C16 : 1?7c/C16 : 1?6c. Phylogenetic analysis based on 16S rRNA gene sequence comparisons showed that the two isolates formed a distinct clade with the genus Fodinibius (in the phylum Bacteroidetes) and were related to the species Fodinibius salinus, with sequence similarities of 91.9-92.4 %. Analyses of 16S rRNA gene sequences revealed that strains YIM D15(T) and YIM J21(T) were related to each other (97.3 % sequence similarity). The DNA-DNA hybridization relatedness between the two isolates was 34 %. On the basis of the phylogenetic analysis, DNA-DNA hybridization relatedness, phenotypic and chemotaxonomic characteristics, strains YIM D15(T) and YIM J21(T) should be classified as members of a novel genus and as two novel species, for which the names Aliifodinibius roseus gen. nov., sp. nov. (type strain YIM D15(T) = ACCC 10715(T) = KCTC 23442(T)) and Aliifodinibius sediminis sp. nov. (type strain YIM J21(T) = ACCC 10714(T) = DSM 21194(T)) are proposed.
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MicroRNA-195 and microRNA-378 mediate tumor growth suppression by epigenetical regulation in gastric cancer.
Gene
PUBLISHED: 01-17-2013
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The epigenetic regulation of microRNAs is one of several mechanisms underlying carcinogenesis. We found that microRNA-195 (miR-195) and microRNA-378 (miR-378) were significantly down-regulated in gastric cancer tissues and gastric cancer cell lines. The expression of miR-195 and miR-378 in gastric cancer cells was significantly restored by 5-aza-dC, a demethylation reagent. The low expression of miR-195 and miR-378 was closely related to the presence of promoter CpG island methylation. Treatment with miR-195/miR-378 mimics strikingly suppressed the growth of gastric cancer cells whereas promoted the growth of normal gastric epithelial cells. In contrast, administration of miR-195/miR-378 inhibitors significantly prevented the growth of normal gastric epithelial cells. Expression of cyclin-dependent kinase 6 and vascular endothelial growth factor was down-regulated by exogenous miR-195 and miR-378, respectively. In conclusion, miR-195 and miR-378 are abnormally expressed and epigenetically regulated in gastric cancer cell lines and tissues via the suppression of CDK6 and VEGF signaling, suggesting that miR-195 and miR-378 have tumor suppressor properties in gastric cancer.
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Gastric juice miR-129 as a potential biomarker for screening gastric cancer.
Med. Oncol.
PUBLISHED: 01-10-2013
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MicroRNAs (miRNAs) play crucial roles during the occurrence and development of gastric cancer. Conventional serological tests for screening gastric cancer have limits on sensitivity and specificity. Several miRNAs in peripheral blood have been used as biomarkers of gastric cancer. However, most of these miRNAs are shared by several types of cancer. Thanks to the tissue specificity of gastric juice, here we examined the feasibility of using gastric juice miR-129-1/2, which are aberrantly expressed in gastric cancer, to screen gastric cancer. Total of 141 gastric juices samples from gastric cancer, gastric ulcer, atrophic gastritis, and minimal gastritis patients or subjects with normal mucosa were collected by gastroscopy. The gastric juice miR-129-1/2 levels were detected by quantitative reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction. A receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve was constructed for differentiating patients with gastric cancer from patients with benign gastric diseases. We showed that, compared with patients with benign gastric diseases, patients with gastric cancer had significantly lower levels of gastric juice miR-129-1-3p and miR-129-2-3p. The areas under ROC curve (AUC) were 0.639 and 0.651 for miR-129-1-3p and miR-129-2-3p, respectively. Using the parallel combination test, the AUC was up to 0.656. In summary, our results suggest that gastric juice miR-129-1-3p and miR-129-2-3p are potential biomarkers for the screening gastric cancer, and the detection of gastric juice miRNAs is a convenient non-invasion method for the diagnosis of gastric cancer.
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The Promoter Structure Differentiation of a MYB Transcription Factor RLC1 Causes Red Leaf Coloration in Empire Red Leaf Cotton under Light.
PLoS ONE
PUBLISHED: 01-01-2013
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The red leaf coloration of Empire Red Leaf Cotton (ERLC) (Gossypium hirsutum L.), resulted from anthocyanin accumulation in light, is a well known dominant agricultural trait. However, the underpin molecular mechanism remains elusive. To explore this, we compared the molecular biological basis of anthocyanin accumulation in both ERLC and the green leaf cotton variety CCRI 24 (Gossypium hirsutum L.). Introduction of R2R3-MYB transcription factor Rosea1, the master regulator anthocyanin biosynthesis in Antirrhinum majus, into CCRI 24 induced anthocyanin accumulation, indicating structural genes for anthocyanin biosynthesis are not defected and the leaf coloration might be caused by variation of regulatory genes expression. Expression analysis found that a transcription factor RLC1 (Red Leaf Cotton 1) which encodes the ortholog of PAP1/Rosea1 was highly expressed in leaves of ERLC but barely expressed in CCRI 24 in light. Ectopic expression of RLC1 from ERLC and CCRI 24 in hairy roots of Antirrhinum majus and CCRI 24 significantly enhanced anthocyanin accumulation. Comparison of RLC1 promoter sequences between ERLC and CCRI 24 revealed two 228-bp tandem repeats presented in ERLC with only one repeat in CCRI 24. Transient assays in cotton leave tissue evidenced that the tandem repeats in ERLC is responsible for light-induced RLC1 expression and therefore anthocyanin accumulation. Taken together, our results in this article strongly support an important step toward understanding the role of R2R3-MYB transcription factors in the regulatory menchanisms of anthocyanin accumulation in red leaf cotton under light.
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Proteomic analysis of the low mutation rate of diploid male gametes induced by colchicine in Ginkgo biloba L.
PLoS ONE
PUBLISHED: 01-01-2013
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Colchicine treatment of G. biloba microsporocytes results in a low mutation rate in the diploid (2n) male gamete. The mutation rate is significantly lower as compared to other tree species and impedes the breeding of new economic varieties. Proteomic analysis was done to identify the proteins that influence the process of 2n gamete formation in G. biloba. The microsporangia of G. biloba were treated with colchicine solution for 48 h and the proteins were analyzed using 2-D gel electrophoresis and compared to protein profiles of untreated microsporangia. A total of 66 proteins showed difference in expression levels. Twenty-seven of these proteins were identified by mass spectrometry. Among the 27 proteins, 14 were found to be up-regulated and the rest 13 were down-regulated. The identified proteins belonged to five different functional classes: ATP generation, transport and carbohydrate metabolism; protein metabolism; ROS scavenging and detoxifying enzymes; cell wall remodeling and metabolism; transcription, cell cycle and signal transduction. The identification of these differentially expressed proteins and their function could help in analysing the mechanism of lower mutation rate of diploid male gamete when the microsporangium of G. biloba was induced by colchicine.
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Reduced vancomycin susceptibility found in methicillin-resistant and methicillin-sensitive Staphylococcus aureus clinical isolates in Northeast China.
PLoS ONE
PUBLISHED: 01-01-2013
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Strains of Staphylococcus aureus with an intermediate level of resistance to vancomycin (vancomycin-intermediate S. aureus, or VISA) or which contain subpopulations of mixed susceptibility (heterogeneous VISA, or hVISA) have been reported worldwide. However, the prevalence of VISA and hVISA infections in Northeast China is unknown. From 2007 through 2010, we surveyed the vancomycin susceptibility of methicillin-resistant and methicillin-sensitive S. aureus (MRSA and MSSA, respectively) clinical isolates in Northeast China.
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Genetic Analyses of a Three Generation Family Segregating Hirschsprung Disease and Iris Heterochromia.
PLoS ONE
PUBLISHED: 01-01-2013
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We present the genetic analyses conducted on a three-generation family (14 individuals) with three members affected with isolated-Hirschsprung disease (HSCR) and one with HSCR and heterochromia iridum (syndromic-HSCR), a phenotype reminiscent of Waardenburg-Shah syndrome (WS4). WS4 is characterized by pigmentary abnormalities of the skin, eyes and/or hair, sensorineural deafness and HSCR. None of the members had sensorineural deafness. The family was screened for copy number variations (CNVs) using Illumina-HumanOmni2.5-Beadchip and for coding sequence mutations in WS4 genes (EDN3, EDNRB, or SOX10) and in the main HSCR gene (RET). Confocal microscopy and immunoblotting were used to assess the functional impact of the mutations. A heterozygous A/G transition in EDNRB was identified in 4 affected and 3 unaffected individuals. While in EDNRB isoforms 1 and 2 (cellular receptor) the transition results in the abolishment of translation initiation (M1V), in isoform 3 (only in the cytosol) the replacement occurs at Met91 (M91V) and is predicted benign. Another heterozygous transition (c.-248G/A; -predicted to affect translation efficiency-) in the 5-untranslated region of EDN3 (EDNRB ligand) was detected in all affected individuals but not in healthy carriers of the EDNRB mutation. Also, a de novo CNVs encompassing DACH1 was identified in the patient with heterochromia iridum and HSCR Since the EDNRB and EDN3 variants only coexist in affected individuals, HSCR could be due to the joint effect of mutations in genes of the same pathway. Iris heterochromia could be due to an independent genetic event and would account for the additional phenotype within the family.
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Validating a firefly luciferase-based high-throughput screening assay for antimalarial drug discovery.
Assay Drug Dev Technol
PUBLISHED: 11-03-2011
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The emergence and spread of multidrug-resistant Plasmodium falciparum and recent detection of potential artemisinin-resistant strains in Southeast Asia highlight the importance of developing novel antimalarial therapies. Using a previously generated stable transgenic P. falciparum line with high-level firefly luciferase expression, we report the adaptation, miniaturization, optimization, and validation of a high-throughput screening assay in 384-well plates. Assay conditions, including the percentage of parasitemia and hematocrit, were optimized. Parameters of assay robustness, including Z-value, coefficient variation (CV), and signal-to-background (S/B) ratio, were determined. The LOPAC(1280) small-compound library was used to validate this assay. Our results demonstrated that this assay is robust and reliable, with an average Z-value of >0.7 and CV of <10%. Moreover, this assay showed a very low background, with the S/B ratio up to 71. Further, identified hits were selected and confirmed using a SYBR Green I-based confirmatory assay. It is evident that this assay is suitable for large-scale screening of chemical libraries for antimalarial drug discovery.
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Roseivivax sediminis sp. nov., a moderately halophilic bacterium isolated from salt mine sediment.
Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol.
PUBLISHED: 10-07-2011
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A Gram-negative, facultatively anaerobic, short rod-shaped, heterotrophic bacterium, designated strain YIM D21(T), was isolated from a salt mine in Yunnan province, south-west China. Strain YIM D21(T) formed cream-yellow colonies, was non-motile and moderately halophilic, and tolerated NaCl concentrations of 1-15% (w/v), with optimum growth at 5-10?% (w/v). Growth occurred at 15-42 °C (optimum 28 °C) and at pH 6.5-8.5 (optimum 7.5-8.0). The respiratory quinone was ubiquinone-10 (Q-10). The polar lipids were diphosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylethanolamine, phosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylcholine, three unidentified phospholipids, one unidentified aminolipid and two unidentified lipids. The major fatty acids were C(18:1)?7c and cyclo C(19:0)?8c and the DNA G+C content was 67.7 mol%. Phylogenetic analyses revealed that strain YIM D21(T) belongs to the genus Roseivivax. 16S rRNA gene sequence similarities of YIM D21(T) were 95.7, 95.0 and 94.8% with the type strains of Roseivivax halodurans, Roseivivax lentus and Roseivivax halotolerans, respectively. Physiological and biochemical tests allowed phenotypic differentiation of strain YIM D21(T) from closely related species with validly published names. We therefore propose that this isolate represents a novel species, Roseivivax sediminis sp. nov.; the type strain is YIM D21(T) (?=?KCTC 23444(T)?=?ACCC 10710(T)).
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[Research of the essential oil of Plumeria rubra var. actifolia from Laos by supercritical carbon dioxide extraction].
Zhong Yao Cai
PUBLISHED: 09-30-2011
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The orthogonal test and the supercritical carbon dioxide fluid extraction were used for optimizing the extraction of the essential oil from Plumeria rubra var. actifolia for the first time. Compared with the steam distillation, the optimal operation parameter of extraction was as follows: extraction pressure 25 MPa, extraction temperature 45 degrees C; separator I pressure 12 MPa, separator I temperature 55 degrees C; separator II pressure 6 MPa, separator II temperature 30 degrees C. Under this condition the yield of the essential oil was 5.8927%. The components were separated and identified by GC-MS. 53 components of Plumeria rubra var. actifolia measured by SFE method were identified and determined by normalization method. The main components were 1, 6, 10-dodecatrien-3-ol, 3, 7, 11-trimethyl, benzoic acid, 2-hydroxy-, phenylmethyl ester, 1, 2-benzenedicarboxylic acid, bis(2-methylpropyl) ester,etc.. 1, 2-Benzenedicarboxylic acid, bis (2-methylpropyl) este. took up 66.11% of the total amount, and there was much difference of the results from SD method.
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Biotransformation of ursolic acid by an endophytic fungus from medicinal plant Huperzia serrata.
Chem. Pharm. Bull.
PUBLISHED: 09-02-2011
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Endophytic fungi were used not only for their producing bioactive products but also for their ability to transform natural compounds. An endophytic fungus, isolated from medicinal plant Huperzia serrata, was identified as Umbelopsis isabellina based on the internal transcribed spacer of ribosomal DNA (rDNA-ITS) region. It was used to transform ursolic acid (1), a pentacyclic triterpene. Incubation of ursolic acid with U. isabellina afforded three products, 3?-hydroxy-urs-11-en-28,13-lactone (2), 3?,7?-dihydroxy-urs-11-en-28,13-lactone (3), 1?,3?-dihydroxy-urs-11-en-28,13-lactone (4). Although product 2 was a known compound, it was first obtained by microbial transformation. Products 3 and 4 were new compounds. The structural elucidation of the three compounds was achieved mainly by the 1D- and 2D-NMR, MS, IR data. The endophytic fungus U. isabellina can hydroxyate the C12-C13 double bond at position 13 of ursolic acid 1 and form a five-member lactone effectively. In the meantime, this fungus can also introduce the hydroxyl group at C-1 or C-7 of ursolic acid 1.
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RET mutational spectrum in Hirschsprung disease: evaluation of 601 Chinese patients.
PLoS ONE
PUBLISHED: 08-26-2011
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Rare (RVs) and common variants of the RET gene contribute to Hirschsprung disease (HSCR; congenital aganglionosis). While RET common variants are strongly associated with the commonest manifestation of the disease (males; short-segment aganglionosis; sporadic), rare coding sequence (CDS) variants are more frequently found in the lesser common and more severe forms of the disease (females; long/total colonic aganglionosis; familial).Here we present the screening for RVs in the RET CDS and intron/exon boundaries of 601 Chinese HSCR patients, the largest number of patients ever reported. We identified 61 different heterozygous RVs (50 novel) distributed among 100 patients (16.64%). Those include 14 silent, 29 missense, 5 nonsense, 4 frame-shifts, and one in-frame amino-acid deletion in the CDS, two splice-site deletions, 4 nucleotide substitutions and a 22-bp deletion in the intron/exon boundaries and 1 single-nucleotide substitution in the 5 untranslated region. Exonic variants were mainly clustered in RET the extracellular domain. RET RVs were more frequent among patients with the most severe phenotype (24% vs. 15% in short-HSCR). Phasing RVs with the RET HSCR-associated haplotype suggests that RVs do not underlie the undisputable association of RET common variants with HSCR. None of the variants were found in 250 Chinese controls.
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[Preparation of EVOH film and infrared spectroscopic study of its heat preservation property].
Guang Pu Xue Yu Guang Pu Fen Xi
PUBLISHED: 08-19-2011
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EVOH, PE and EVA films were prepared by extrusive blowing techniques, the optic capability, transmittance, haze, infrared anti-transmittance and heat preservation of the films were studied by IR spectroscopy and optic block. The result indicated that the haze degree of the EVOH film decreased about 10% and 5% compared to PE film and EVA film respectively, EVOH films transmission of IR is much less than other films in the 2.5-25 microm wavelength range, it is just 9.03% in 7-14 microm wavelength range, and about 27% less than EVA film, while much less than PE film. It was found that EVOH film has much better capability of infrared anti-transmittance and point-blank light transmission than other two kinds of films. It was good for calefaction and heat preservation of greenhouse.
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Isolation and identification of endophytic fungi in roots of nine Holcoglossum plants (Orchidaceae) collected from Yunnan, Guangxi, and Hainan provinces of China.
Curr. Microbiol.
PUBLISHED: 07-21-2011
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Holcoglossum is one of the smaller genera of Orchidaceae, mainly distributed in southwest China. Some members of this genus as well as H. rupestre and H. flavescens are endemic and rare Chinese orchids. As far as we know, little work has been done concerning the relationships between the Holcoglossum plants and endophytic microorganisms. In this study, 46 culturable fungal endophytes were isolated and identified from roots of nine Holcoglossum plants collected from Yunnan, Guangxi, and Hainan provinces of China based on molecular techniques. The results showed that all strains belonged to four classes, i.e., Sordariomycetes (41.30%), Dothideomycetes (36.96%), Agaricomycetes (17.39%), Leotiomycetes (4.35%). Thirty-six strains were identified at the genus level, including Alternaria, Cladosporium, Clonostachys, Colletotrichum, Cosmospora, Cryptosporiopsis, Cylindrocarpon, Didymella, Epulorhiza (Anamorphic Tulasnella), Fusarium, Myrmecridium, Leptosphaeria, Paraconiothyrium, Phomopsis, Pyrenochaeta, and Stephanonectria. Fusarium and Epulorhiza (Anamorphic Tulasnella) were the dominant fungal endophytes. Some orchids mycorrhizal fungi as well as Tulasnella calospora and Epulorhiza sp. were found in roots. This is the first report concerning endophytic fungi from Holcoglossum plants (Orchidaceae), suggesting that endophytic fungi in Holcoglossum plants are very abundant.
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[The analyse of telephone follow-up affecting the compliance of sublingual desensitization treatment to allergic rhinitis patients].
Lin Chung Er Bi Yan Hou Tou Jing Wai Ke Za Zhi
PUBLISHED: 07-19-2011
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To analyze the compliance of sublingual desensitization used in allergic rhinitis patients by telephone follow up, and to discuss the influencing factor associate with medicine pause.
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Cytotoxicity and antihyperglycemic effect of minor constituents from Rhizoma Coptis in HepG2 cells.
Fitoterapia
PUBLISHED: 07-05-2011
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Generally, berberine, coptisine, palmatine, and jatrorrhizine were considered as the main bio-active compounds in Rhizoma Coptis (RC). Little attention was paid to investigate the pharmacological activity of minor constituents in RC. The present study was designed to separate the minor compounds, and the cytotoxicity and antihyperglycemic effect of these compounds in HepG2 cells were also studied. Palmatine (1), berberine (2), coptisine (3), epiberberine (4), columbamine (5), and jatrorrhizine (6) from RC ethanol extract were isolated by high speed counter current chromatography (HSCCC) in one run. The remaining fraction (about 50% of extract in HSCCC) was further isolated by traditional column chromatography methods to yield magnoflorine (7), ferulic acid (8), and choline (9). Another four alkaloids, namely groenlandicine (10), berberrubine (11), oxyberberine (12), 8-oxo-coptisine (13), also were obtained from CHCl(3) extracts. Especially, choline was first isolated from RC. Cell assay indicated that the minor fractions excluding compounds 1-6 showed obvious glucose lowering activity. In addition, the minor monomers also exhibited moderate glucose lowering activity. The combination of berberine and ferulic acid showed synergistic effect on antihyperglycemic. The combination of alkaloids 1-6 was same so. All compounds had different cytotoxicity in HepG2 cells within the test concentration. Of them, berberrubine showed the strongest cytotoxicity. The results suggested that combined action of variety constituents contributed to the antihyperglycemic effects and low cytotoxicity of RC extract in HepG2 cells.
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