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Find video protocols related to scientific articles indexed in Pubmed.
OTO-201: nonclinical assessment of a sustained-release ciprofloxacin hydrogel for the treatment of otitis media.
Otol. Neurotol.
PUBLISHED: 02-13-2014
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OTO-201 can provide sustained release to the middle ear and effectively treat otitis media, when compared with FDA-approved ciprofloxacin otic drop formulations.
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OTO-104: a sustained-release dexamethasone hydrogel for the treatment of otic disorders.
Otol. Neurotol.
PUBLISHED: 03-26-2011
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To investigate whether OTO-104, a poloxamer-based hydrogel containing micronized dexamethasone for intratympanic delivery, can provide long-lasting inner ear exposure and be well tolerated.
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Principles of inner ear sustained release following intratympanic administration.
Laryngoscope
PUBLISHED: 01-29-2011
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Previous studies revealed that intratympanic administration of the steroid dexamethasone in poloxamer 407 hydrogel, a class of thermoreversible polymers, resulted in significant and durable exposure in the inner ear. Interestingly, varying the concentrations of the poloxamer vehicle and of the steroid impacted the pharmacokinetic profile of dexamethasone in the perilymphatic compartment. Here, the respective contributions of different vehicles (aqueous solution, poloxamer hydrogel) and steroid drugs (dexamethasone, methylprednisolone) were investigated. In particular, various forms of the steroids, discriminated by their aqueous solubility, were compared.
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Pharmacokinetics of dexamethasone solution following intratympanic injection in guinea pig and sheep.
Audiol. Neurootol.
PUBLISHED: 01-19-2010
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Information on inner ear pharmacokinetics is limited in the literature, especially in large animals and in humans. A preliminary study was designed to explore the differences in inner ear exposure between guinea pigs and sheep following a single intratympanic injection of a 2% dexamethasone sodium phosphate solution. In both species, significant levels of dexamethasone were observed in the perilymph within 1 h, and decreasing by 50- to 100-fold within 12 h. Overall, the exposure to dexamethasone in the inner ear was significantly lower in sheep by 17- to 27-fold than in guinea pigs. Systemic and CNS exposure were minimal in both species as indicated by the low drug levels observed in plasma and CSF. Altogether, the preliminary evidence presented herein suggests the sheep as a practical and acceptable animal model to study the inner ear pharmacokinetics of drug candidates in large mammals and its potential towards extrapolation to human exposure.
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Dose-dependent sustained release of dexamethasone in inner ear cochlear fluids using a novel local delivery approach.
Audiol. Neurootol.
PUBLISHED: 07-07-2009
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The thermo-reversible triblock copolymer poloxamer 407 was investigated as a drug delivery vehicle for micronized dexamethasone into the middle and inner ears of guinea pigs. The study characterized the gelation and in vitro release kinetics of poloxamer formulations. In vivo, the pharmacokinetic profile of formulations containing varying concentrations of poloxamer and dexamethasone was examined following intratympanic administration. Significant drug levels within the perilymph were observed for at least 10 days, while systemic exposure was minimal. The sustained-release kinetics profile could be significantly modulated by varying the concentrations of both poloxamer and dexamethasone. Assessment of auditory function revealed a small transient shift in hearing threshold, most probably of conductive nature, which resolved itself within a week. No significant histological changes of the round window membrane or cochlea could be noted. Poloxamer 407 thus represents an effective and safe delivery system to achieve sustained release of dexamethasone to the inner ear.
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Aerosolized phosphoinositide 3-kinase gamma/delta inhibitor TG100-115 [3-[2,4-diamino-6-(3-hydroxyphenyl)pteridin-7-yl]phenol] as a therapeutic candidate for asthma and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease.
J. Pharmacol. Exp. Ther.
PUBLISHED: 03-25-2009
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Phosphatidylinositol 3-kinases (PI3Ks) are key elements in the signaling cascades that lie downstream of many cellular receptors. In particular, PI3K delta and gamma isoforms contribute to inflammatory cell recruitment and subsequent activation. For this reason, in a series of preclinical studies, we tested the potential of a recently developed small-molecule inhibitor of these two isoforms, TG100-115 [3-[2,4-diamino-6-(3-hydroxyphenyl)pteridin-7-yl]phenol], as a form of anti-inflammatory therapy for respiratory diseases such as asthma and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). To determine pharmacokinetic profiles, aerosolized formulations of the drug were delivered to mice by a nose-only inhalation route, yielding high pulmonary TG100-115 levels with minimal systemic exposure. Safety assessments were favorable, with no clinical or histological changes noted after 21 days of daily dosing. In a murine asthma model, aerosolized TG100-115 markedly reduced the pulmonary eosinophilia and the concomitant interleukin-13 and mucin accumulation characteristic of this disease. As a functional benefit, interventional dosing schedules of this inhibitor also reduced airway hyper-responsiveness. To model the pulmonary neutrophilia characteristic of COPD, mice were exposed to either intranasal lipopolysaccharide or inhaled smoke. Aerosolized TG100-115 again inhibited these inflammatory patterns, most notably in the smoke model, where interventional therapy overcame the steroid-resistant nature of the pulmonary inflammation. In conclusion, aerosolized TG100-115 displays pharmacokinetic, safety, and biological activity profiles favorable for further development as a therapy for both asthma and COPD. Furthermore, these studies support the hypothesis that PI3K delta and gamma are suitable molecular targets for these diseases.
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What is Visualize?

JoVE Visualize is a tool created to match the last 5 years of PubMed publications to methods in JoVE's video library.

How does it work?

We use abstracts found on PubMed and match them to JoVE videos to create a list of 10 to 30 related methods videos.

Video X seems to be unrelated to Abstract Y...

In developing our video relationships, we compare around 5 million PubMed articles to our library of over 4,500 methods videos. In some cases the language used in the PubMed abstracts makes matching that content to a JoVE video difficult. In other cases, there happens not to be any content in our video library that is relevant to the topic of a given abstract. In these cases, our algorithms are trying their best to display videos with relevant content, which can sometimes result in matched videos with only a slight relation.