Patients undergoing laparoscopic splenectomy were observed for their postoperative recovery and development of complications. It was a retrospective analysis done at Services Hospital and National Hospital and Medical Center, Lahore, from January 2010 to December 2012. A total of 13 patients underwent laparoscopic splenectomy and were included in the study. Patients were followed for their postoperative recovery and development of any complications. The median age of patients was 19 years ranging from 13 to 69 years. Accessory spleens were removed in 3 patients. Mean operating time was 158 minutes. One operation had to be converted to open because of uncontrolled hemorrhage. Six patients experienced postoperative complications including unexplained hyperpyrexia (n=2), pleural effusion (n=4) and prolonged pain > 48 hours (n=1). No deaths or infections were seen. Seven out of 8 patients with idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura developed a positive immediate response to the splenectomy, defined as a platelet count greater than 100 x 109/L after the surgery, which was maintained without medical therapy. Mean hospital stay was 5.5 days. Average time to return to activity was 15 days. All patients were followed for 6 months and no follow-up complications were noted.
Acetamiprid is a neonicotinoid insecticide that is effective against both soil and plant insects, including insects of the orders Lepidoptera, Coleoptera, Homoptera and Thysanoptera. In order to estimate the effects associated with insecticide exposure and devise better pest management tactics, a field population of Phenacoccus solenopsis was exposed to acetamiprid in the laboratory. Subsequently, cross-resistance and the effects of acetamiprid on the biological parameters of P. solenopsis were investigated.
In the title compound, C(7)H(7)N(5)O(2)S, the aromatic ring is oriented at dihedral angles of 79.46?(2) and 89.17?(2)°, respectively, with respect to the amino-(azido)-methyl and the S(6) six-membered ring motif generated by an intra-molecular N-H?O inter-action [N?O = 2.8901?(15)?Å]. Inter-molecular N-H?O hydrogen bonds [N?O = 2.9177?(15) and 2.9757?(15)?Å] generate an infinite one-dimensional network along the base vector (010).
In the title mol-ecule, C(8)H(10)N(5)O(2)S, the amino-(azido)-methyl and p-toluene-sulfonyl moieties are inclined almost at right angles with respect to each other, making a dihedral angle of 83.49?(6)°. An intra-molecular N-H?O hydrogen bond gives rise to the formation of six-membered ring with graph-set motif S(6). In the crystal, inter-molecular N-H?O hydrogen bonding is responsible for the formation of dimers about inversion centers, which are linked through another N-H?O inter-action along the b axis.
In the mol-ecule of the zwitterionic title compound, C(10)H(9)NO(3)S, an intra-molecular N-H?O hydrogen bond results in the formation of an almost planar six-membered ring (r.m.s daviation = 0.0150?Å), which is oriented at a dihedral angle of 1.63?(3)° with respect to the naphthalene ring system. In the crystal structure, inter-molecular N-H?O hydrogen bonds link the mol-ecules into a two-dimensional network.
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