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Find video protocols related to scientific articles indexed in Pubmed.
Obstetric outcomes for nulliparous women who received routine individualized treatment for severe fear of childbirth - a retrospective case control study.
BMC Pregnancy Childbirth
PUBLISHED: 03-31-2014
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To study pregnancy and delivery outcomes in nulliparous women with severe FOC (fear of childbirth), all of whom had received routine treatment for their FOC and to make comparisons with a healthy reference group of nulliparous women.To study the possible relationship between the number of FOC-treatment sessions and the delivery method.
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Effect of bioactive extruded PLA/HA composite films on focal adhesion formation of preosteoblastic cells.
Colloids Surf B Biointerfaces
PUBLISHED: 03-11-2014
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The quality of the initial cell attachment to a biomaterial will influence any further cell function, including spreading, proliferation, differentiation and viability. Cell attachment is influenced by the material's ability to adsorb proteins, which is related to the surface chemistry and topography of the material. In this study, we incorporated hydroxyapatite (HA) particles into a poly(lactic acid) (PLA) composite and evaluated the surface structure and the effects of HA density on the initial cell attachment in vitro of murine calvarial preosteoblasts (MC3T3-EI). Scanning electron microscopy (SEM), atomic force microscopy (AFM) and infrared spectroscopy (FTIR) showed that the HA particles were successfully incorporated into the PLA matrix and located at the surface which is of importance in order to maintain the bioactive effect of the HA particles. SEM and AFM investigation revealed that the HA density (particles/area) as well as surface roughness increased with HA loading concentration (i.e. 5, 10, 15 and 20wt%), which promoted protein adsorption. Furthermore, the presence of HA on the surface enhanced cell spreading, increased the formation of actin stress fibers and significantly improved the expression of vinculin in MC3T3-E1 cells which is a key player in the regulation of cell adhesion. These results suggest the potential utility of PLA/HA composites as biomaterials for use as a bone substitute material and in tissue engineering applications.
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Triage of HR-HPV positive women with minor cytological abnormalities: a comparison of mRNA testing, HPV DNA testing, and repeat cytology using a 4-year follow-up of a population-based study.
PLoS ONE
PUBLISHED: 01-01-2014
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Expression of the viral E6/E7 oncogenes of high-risk human papillomaviruses (HR-HPV) is necessary for malignant conversion and maintenance in cervical tissue. In order to determine whether HR-HPV E6/E7 mRNA testing more effectively predicts precancerous lesions and invasive cervical cancer than HR-HPV DNA testing, we aimed to compare triage using HR-HPV E6/E7 mRNA testing by APTIMA HPV Assay (APTIMA) to HPV16 DNA testing, HPV16/18 DNA testing, and repeat cytology.
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Melt spinning of poly(lactic acid) and hydroxyapatite composite fibers: influence of the filler content on the fiber properties.
ACS Appl Mater Interfaces
PUBLISHED: 07-12-2013
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Composite fibers from poly(lactic acid) (PLA) and hydroxyapatite (HA) particles were prepared using melt spinning. Different loading concentrations of HA particles (i.e., 5, 10, 15, and 20 wt %) in the PLA fibers and solid-state draw ratios (SSDRs) were evaluated in order to investigate their influence on the fibers morphology and thermal and mechanical properties. A scanning electron microscopy investigation indicated that the HA particles were homogeneously distributed in the PLA fibers. It was also revealed by atomic force microscopy and Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy that HA particles were located on the fiber surface, which is of importance for their intended application in biomedical textiles. Our results also suggest that the mechanical properties were independent of the loading concentration of the HA particles and that the SSDR played an important role in improving the mechanical properties of the composite fibers.
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Students expectations when entering an interprofessional masters degree program for health professionals: a qualitative study.
J Allied Health
PUBLISHED: 03-09-2013
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Interprofessional education in health care today is a prioritized area. Among many studies on interprofessional learning, few focus on student expectations prior to interprofessional education for health professionals at an advanced level. The purpose of the study was to explore and describe expectations of post-professional graduate students enrolled in an interprofessional masters degree program for health professionals.
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Removal of virus from boar semen spiked with porcine circovirus type 2.
Anim. Reprod. Sci.
PUBLISHED: 04-06-2011
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The virus porcine circovirus type 2 (PCV2) is associated with different disease entities, including reproductive failure. The objective of this study was to investigate the use of a semen processing technique for the elimination of infectious PCV2 in semen. PCV2 was chosen as a model virus because of its small size, high resistance to inactivation and as a known risk factor for boar semen contamination. Aliquots of ejaculates were spiked with PCV2 and processed by a double processing technique, consisting of Single Layer Centrifugation on Androcoll™-P followed by a "swim-up" procedure. Samples were collected from the resulting fractions during the selection process and analyzed for the presence of infectious PCV2. Virus titres were determined by performing a 50% tissue culture infective dose assay (TCID(50)) by end point dilution and with the use of an indirect peroxidise monolayer assay technique. With an initial infectious virus titre of 3.25-3.82 (TCID(50))/50?L the two-step sperm selection method eliminated 2.92±0.23 logs of infectious PCV2, corresponding to more than 99% reduction. Sperm quality was not affected by the selection procedure.
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Multivariate data analysis of factors affecting the in vitro dissolution rate and the apparent solubility for a model basic drug substance in aqueous media.
Pharm. Res.
PUBLISHED: 03-01-2010
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To evaluate the usefulness of a miniaturized rotating disk equipment for the determination of factors influencing the in vitro dissolution rate, G, of a model basic drug substance (terfenadine) in different aqueous media, using experimental design and multivariate data analysis. The apparent solubility, S, was included in the chemometric study.
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Polychlorinated biphenyl (PCB) load, lipid reserves and biotransformation activity in migrating Atlantic salmon from River Mörrum, Sweden.
Environ. Pollut.
PUBLISHED: 06-07-2009
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Atlantic salmon accumulate high levels of contaminants such as polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) in their lipids during the adult growth phase spent at sea. The lipids are later utilized during migration for swimming and biological adaptations. We hypothesize that migrating salmons biotransformation processes are affected by the high levels of built-up PCBs compared to salmon that in a pre-migrational stage. For these analyses we sampled adult Atlantic salmon during migration in the Swedish River Mörrum and measured the 21 most common PCB congeners ( summation operatorPCB) and lipid levels in muscle tissue, aryl hydrocarbon receptor (AHR2) and cytochrome P4501A1 (CYP1A1) transcript levels as well as ethoxyresorufin-O-deethylase activity (EROD) in liver. We also determined which AHR2 genotypes the salmon carried. We show that EROD activity is correlated to CYP1A1 level but not to summation operatorPCB concentration. summation operatorPCB concentration does not predict levels of neither the AHR2 nor CYP1A1 genes. We find no associations between specific AHR2 transcription levels and AHR2 genotypes or a correlation between AHR2 and CYP1A1 transcription levels, which is in direct contrast to pre-migrational adult salmon from the Baltic Sea. When we compare River Mörrum to salmon we have previously sampled in the Baltic Sea we show that migrating salmon have significantly lower lipid levels in their muscles; higher muscle concentrations of summation operatorPCB on a lipid basis; and significantly lower CYP1A1 and EROD levels compared to salmon from the Baltic Sea. Also, transcript levels of three out of four AHR2 genes are significantly different. In conclusion, migrating Swedish Atlantic salmon carry higher concentrations of PCBs in their lipids compared to salmon in the Baltic Sea, but have lower activation of biotransformation genes and enzymes. Our results indicate that accumulated pollutants from the Baltic Sea are deactivated inside the migrating salmons lipid tissues and increase in concentration when migration is initiated thereby limiting their impact on biotransformation processes.
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Tolerability, pharmacokinetics, and pharmacodynamics of the glucokinase activator AZD1656, after single ascending doses in healthy subjects during euglycemic clamp.
Int J Clin Pharmacol Ther
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AZD1656 is a novel glucokinase activator with a postulated dual mechanism of action by activating glucokinase in both the pancreas and the liver, and with the potential to deliver effective glucose-lowering in Type 2 diabetes mellitus. Here, we present the tolerability, pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics of AZD1656 in two single-blind, randomized, placebo-controlled studies, one with Western and the other with Japanese healthy adult male subjects.
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Speech recognition in noise using bilateral open-fit hearing aids: the limited benefit of directional microphones and noise reduction.
Int J Audiol
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To investigate speech recognition performance in noise with bilateral open-fit hearing aids and as reference also with closed earmolds, in omnidirectional mode, directional mode, and directional mode in conjunction with noise reduction.
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High-risk human papillomavirus E6/E7 mRNA and L1 DNA as markers of residual/recurrent cervical intraepithelial neoplasia.
Oncol. Rep.
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The aim of this study was to assess the use of human papillomavirus (HPV) E6/E7 mRNA testing in the follow-up of women treated for cervical intraepithelial neoplasia (CIN) by conization and to compare the prognostic value of HPV E6/E7 mRNA to HPV L1 DNA and cytology. One hundred and forty-three women underwent cytological/histological testing, HPV DNA genotyping by Linear Array, and HPV E6/E7 mRNA testing by APTIMA HPV assay during follow-up after surgical treatment for histologically verified CIN. High-grade residual/recurrent disease (CIN2+/HSIL+) was identified in 7 (4.9%) women, and low-grade disease (CIN1/LSIL) in 25 (17.5%). At the inclusion visit 33 (23%) women were HPV DNA-positive; 13 (9.0%) were HPV E6/E7 mRNA-positive. HPV E6/E7 mRNA did not identify three women with high-grade disease. Presence of high-risk HPV DNA at the inclusion visit predicted 100% (95% CI 64.6-100) of high-grade residual/recurrent disease, with a specificity of 80.9% (95% CI 73.5-86.6); cytology had a sensitivity of 85.7%, and a specificity of 87.5%. HPV E6/E7 mRNA testing was a poor predictor of treatment failure, with a sensitivity of 57.1% (95% CI 25.0-84.2), but high specificity (93.4%; 95% CI 87.9-96.5). Detection of high-risk HPV DNA after treatment by conization identified 100% of women with residual/recurrent high-grade disease, whereas HPV E6/E7 mRNA testing was a poor predictor of treatment failure. This study suggests that a negative HPV mRNA result cannot exclude the risk of malignant progression, and that HPV E6/E7 mRNA testing by APTIMA HPV assay is not useful in the follow-up of women treated for CIN.
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What is Visualize?

JoVE Visualize is a tool created to match the last 5 years of PubMed publications to methods in JoVE's video library.

How does it work?

We use abstracts found on PubMed and match them to JoVE videos to create a list of 10 to 30 related methods videos.

Video X seems to be unrelated to Abstract Y...

In developing our video relationships, we compare around 5 million PubMed articles to our library of over 4,500 methods videos. In some cases the language used in the PubMed abstracts makes matching that content to a JoVE video difficult. In other cases, there happens not to be any content in our video library that is relevant to the topic of a given abstract. In these cases, our algorithms are trying their best to display videos with relevant content, which can sometimes result in matched videos with only a slight relation.