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Find video protocols related to scientific articles indexed in Pubmed.
Potential hemodynamic biomarkers of pulmonary arterial hypertension measured with an aid of three-dimensional cine phase contrast MR imaging.
Nihon Hoshasen Gijutsu Gakkai Zasshi
PUBLISHED: 10-21-2014
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Assessment of pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) is drawing more and more attention from respiratory and cardiovascular clinicians. Pulmonary artery flow velocities, flow volume and their derived parameters, such as acceleration time (AT), acceleration volumes (AV) and maximum flow (MF) vary depending on the degree of pulmonary diseases including PAH. For conclusive assessment of pulmonary arterial pressures, right heart catheterization (RHC) is the gold standard; however, RHC is relatively. Although hemodynamic based on 2D PC MRI is a non-invasive alternative, it requires complicated prospective slice setting and may suffer from slice dependent inconsistent data. The purpose of our study was to access hemodynamic parameters measured in potential PAH patients with three-dimensional cine phase contrast magnetic resonance (MR) imaging (4D-Flow), and to seek new potential hemodynamic biomarkers that for PAH can be measured simply and objectively.
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Incremental Value of Coronary Flow Velocity Reserve, Measured by Transthoracic Echocardiography, Compared with Computed Tomography Angiography Alone, for Detecting Flow-Limiting Coronary Stenoses.
J Am Soc Echocardiogr
PUBLISHED: 09-14-2014
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Computed tomographic (CT) angiography provides high sensitivity for the detection of coronary stenosis, while its specificity is relatively low. The aim of this study was to determine the incremental value of coronary flow velocity reserve (CFVR) by transthoracic echocardiography when used with CT angiography for detecting stenosis of the major coronary arteries compared with invasive quantitative coronary angiography.
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An observational study of giant cell interstitial pneumonia and lung fibrosis in hard metal lung disease.
BMJ Open
PUBLISHED: 03-29-2014
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Hard metal lung disease has various pathological patterns including giant cell interstitial pneumonia (GIP) and usual interstitial pneumonia (UIP). Although the UIP pattern is considered the prominent feature in advanced disease, it is unknown whether GIP finally progresses to the UIP pattern.
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Diagnostic value of preoperative SUVmax on FDG-PET/CT for the detection of ovarian cancer.
Int. J. Gynecol. Cancer
PUBLISHED: 01-28-2014
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The objective of this study was to investigate the preoperative diagnostic value of F-fluoro-2-deoxy-D-glucose (FDG) positron emission tomography and computed tomography (PET/CT) in patients with ovarian cancer.
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Signal intensity of small hepatocellular carcinoma on apparent diffusion coefficient mapping and outcome after radiofrequency ablation.
Hepatol. Res.
PUBLISHED: 01-20-2014
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It has been reported that the apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) value of hepatocellular carcinomas (HCC) on diffusion-weighted magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is associated with their histological grade. The present study aimed to evaluate whether the signal intensity of small hypervascular HCC on the ADC map is related to the treatment outcome of radiofrequency ablation (RFA).
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Contrast enrichment of spinal cord MR imaging using a ratio of T1-weighted and T2-weighted signals.
J Magn Reson Imaging
PUBLISHED: 01-08-2014
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We aimed to assess if the T1-weighted (T1w)/T2-weighted (T2w) signal ratio could be used to improve image contrast in MR spinal cord imaging.
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Is visceral fat really a coronary risk factor? A multi-detector computed tomography study.
Int Heart J
PUBLISHED: 10-08-2013
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Metabolic syndrome (MS) is currently considered to be a risk factor for arteriosclerotic disease. The accumulation of visceral fat leads to arteriosclerotic disease after other risk factors have developed and either direct or mutual effects occur. The aim of this study was to verify whether visceral fat serves as an independent coronary risk factor. A total of 3157 patients who had undergone multi-detector computed tomography (MDCT) were analyzed via computed tomographic angiography and the measurement of their visceral fat area. Coronary arteries with > 70% stenosis were considered to be significant. The visceral fat area was measured at the umbilical level, and an area of 100 cm2 or more was defined as visceral obesity. Coronary risk factors (ie, hypertension, dyslipidemia, diabetes mellitus, family history, and smoking) were obtained from the patient medical records. The patients were divided into two groups: a visceral obesity group, 1130 patients (137.0 ± 31.1 cm2) and a nonvisceral obesity group, 2027 patients (57.3 ± 25.8 cm2). A significant difference in the incidence of coronary stenosis between the two groups was observed. According to multivariable analysis, the factors affecting coronary stenosis were age, gender, dyslipidemia, diabetes mellitus, and the ratio of visceral to subcutaneous fat. Visceral obesity was not found to be an independent coronary risk factor. Visceral obesity demonstrated the predominant presence of coronary risk factors.
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Brain regions responsible for tinnitus distress and loudness: a resting-state FMRI study.
PLoS ONE
PUBLISHED: 01-01-2013
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Subjective tinnitus is characterized by the perception of phantom sound without an external auditory stimulus. We hypothesized that abnormal functionally connected regions in the central nervous system might underlie the pathophysiology of chronic subjective tinnitus. Statistical significance of functional connectivity (FC) strength is affected by the regional autocorrelation coefficient (AC). In this study, we used resting-state functional MRI (fMRI) and measured regional mean FC strength (mean cross-correlation coefficient between a region and all other regions without taking into account the effect of AC (rGC) and with taking into account the effect of AC (rGCa) to elucidate brain regions related to tinnitus symptoms such as distress, depression and loudness. Consistent with previous studies, tinnitus loudness was not related to tinnitus-related distress and depressive state. Although both rGC and rGCa revealed similar brain regions where the values showed a statistically significant relationship with tinnitus-related symptoms, the regions for rGCa were more localized and more clearly delineated the regions related specifically to each symptom. The rGCa values in the bilateral rectus gyri were positively correlated and those in the bilateral anterior and middle cingulate gyri were negatively correlated with distress and depressive state. The rGCa values in the bilateral thalamus, the bilateral hippocampus, and the left caudate were positively correlated and those in the left medial superior frontal gyrus and the left posterior cingulate gyrus were negatively correlated with tinnitus loudness. These results suggest that distinct brain regions are responsible for tinnitus symptoms. The regions for distress and depressive state are known to be related to depression, while the regions for tinnitus loudness are known to be related to the default mode network and integration of multi-sensory information.
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Inhibitory effects of Ecklonia cava extract on high glucose-induced hepatic stellate cell activation.
Mar Drugs
PUBLISHED: 11-10-2011
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Nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH) is a disease closely associated with obesity and diabetes. A prevalence of type 2 diabetes and a high body mass index in cryptogenic cirrhosis may imply that obesity leads to cirrhosis. Here, we examined the effects of an extract of Ecklonia cava, a brown algae, on the activation of high glucose-induced hepatic stellate cells (HSCs), key players in hepatic fibrosis. Isolated HSCs were incubated with or without a high glucose concentration. Ecklonia cava extract (ECE) was added to the culture simultaneously with the high glucose. Treatment with high glucose stimulated expression of type I collagen and ?-smooth muscle actin, which are markers of activation in HSCs, in a dose-dependent manner. The activation of high glucose-treated HSCs was suppressed by the ECE. An increase in the formation of intracellular reactive oxygen species (ROS) and a decrease in intracellular glutathione levels were observed soon after treatment with high glucose, and these changes were suppressed by the simultaneous addition of ECE. High glucose levels stimulated the secretion of bioactive transforming growth factor-? (TGF-?) from the cells, and the stimulation was also suppressed by treating the HSCs with ECE. These results suggest that the suppression of high glucose-induced HSC activation by ECE is mediated through the inhibition of ROS and/or GSH and the downregulation of TGF-? secretion. ECE is useful for preventing the development of diabetic liver fibrosis.
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[Effects of anticoagulant therapy for rapidly progressive interstitial pneumonias].
Nihon Kokyuki Gakkai Zasshi
PUBLISHED: 07-09-2011
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To clarify the effects of anticoagulant therapy, we investigated patients with rapidly progressive interstitial pneumonias, retrospectively. We defined rapidly progressive pneumonia as idiopathic or secondary interstitial pneumonia with acute exacerbation of respiratory symptoms within 2 months, without infection or heart failure. A total of 20 cases admitted to our hospital between April 1999 and January 2010 met our criteria. Of those 20 cases, 6 were non-idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (non-IPF), 3 were IPF, 6 were amyopathic dermatomyositis (ADM), 2 were DM, 2 were rheumatoid arthritis, and 1 was mixed connective-tissue disease. We divided the 20 cases into two groups according to whether they were treated with anticoagulant therapy (dalteparin and/or warfarin) (group A, n = 11) or not (group B, n = 9), and compared their outcomes. They were all given standard therapy. There was significantly better survival time in group A than in group B by the Kaplan-Meier survival curve (p = 0.0389). Anticoagulant therapy may improve the survival of patients with rapidly progressive interstitial pneumonias.
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Upper lobe-dominant pulmonary fibrosis showing deposits of hard metal component in the fibrotic lesions.
Intern. Med.
PUBLISHED: 10-01-2010
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We present a 54-year-old man employed in the field of hard metal manufacturing who complained of progressive dyspnea and weight loss. His chest radiograph showed bilateral fibrosis predominantly distributed in the upper lobes with bilateral pleural effusions, and a strong reduction in lung volume. Lung histopathology showed apical cap-like fibrosis but no giant cell interstitial pneumonia. Electron probe microanalysis detected tungsten deposits in the fibrotic region: we therefore considered this to be a case of hard metal disease. Hard metal disease should be considered as one possibility in the differential diagnosis of upper lobe-dominant pulmonary fibrosis.
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[Interstitial pneumonia associated with stiff-person syndrome].
Nihon Kokyuki Gakkai Zasshi
PUBLISHED: 02-27-2010
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A 68-year-old man who was given a diagnosis of interstitial pneumonia. Chest computerized tomography (CT) revealed subpleural honeycomb formations and traction bronchiectasis. Three months after the diagnosis of interstitial pneumonia, he noticed neurological symptoms, such as facial spasms, dysphagia, muscle rigidity and muscle cramp, and repeatedly received clonazepam. He was diagnosed with stiff-person syndrome on electromyography when he was hospitalized due to aspiration pneumonia. He has needed continuous rehabilitation due to the progression of neurological symptoms despite the partial efficacy of anti-epilepsy agents. We report a case of interstitial pneumonia with stiff-person syndrome.
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[A case of non-small cell lung carcinoma dying of acute respiratory failure due to aerogenous metastasis].
Nihon Kokyuki Gakkai Zasshi
PUBLISHED: 07-30-2009
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A 63-year-old man was admitted to our hospital, because of exacerbation of backache and erythema. At the time of admission the chest X-ray film showed infiltrative shadows in the left middle and lower lung fields. Our investigation revealed primary mucinous type bronchioloalveolar carcinoma in the left lung (cT4N2M1 Stage IV). Radiotherapy (C7-Th2, L3-L5. Total 30 Gy/10 fr) was administered to relieve his pain. After radiotherapy, he developed respiratory failure, fever, and infiltrative shadow in his chest X-ray. Antibiotic therapy improved his symptoms, laboratory findings and radiological abnormal findings. We suspected complication with nosocomial infection. However the ground-glass appearance appeared in the right lung a few days later. Although antibiotics and steroids were administered, he died of respiratory failure in 6 days. Necropsy findings revealed bronchioloalveolar carcinoma in the right lung suggesting aerogenous metastasis. Considering these facts together, we diagnosed non-small cell lung carcinoma dying of acute respiratory failure due to aerogenous metastasis.
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Inflammatory cells in lung disease associated with rheumatoid arthritis.
Intern. Med.
PUBLISHED: 07-15-2009
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Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is associated with numerous pulmonary manifestations. However, the inflammatory mechanism remains undetermined. We studied the features of inflammatory cells in bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL) fluid and biopsy lung tissue from patients with RA-associated lung disease.
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[Examination of upper abdominal region in high spatial resolution diffusion-weighted imaging using 3-Tesla MRI].
Nihon Hoshasen Gijutsu Gakkai Zasshi
PUBLISHED: 04-16-2009
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The advantage of the higher signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) of 3-Tesla magnetic resonance imaging (3-Tesla) has the possibility of contributing to the improvement of high spatial resolution without causing image deterioration. In this study, we compared SNR and the apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) value with 3-Tesla as the condition in the diffusion-weighted image (DWI) parameter of the 1.5-Tesla magnetic resonance imaging (1.5-Tesla) and we examined the high spatial resolution images in the imaging method [respiratory-triggering (RT) method and breath free (BF) method] and artifact (motion and zebra) in the upper abdominal region of DWI at 3-Tesla. We have optimized scan parameters based on phantom and in vivo study. As a result, 3-Tesla was able to obtain about 1.5 times SNR in comparison with the 1.5-Tesla, ADC value had few differences. Moreover, the RT method was effective in correcting the influence of respiratory movement in comparison with the BF method, and image improvement by the effective acquisition of SNR and reduction of the artifact were provided. Thus, DWI of upper abdominal region was a useful sequence for the high spatial resolution in 3-Tesla.
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Effects of IS-741, a synthetic anti-inflammatory agent, on bleomycin-induced lung injury in mice.
Lung
PUBLISHED: 04-03-2009
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Bleomycin (BLM)-induced lung injury consists of excessive inflammatory cell infiltration and fibrosis. IS-741 has been reported to be an anti-inflammatory drug through an inhibitory action on cell adhesion. In this study we investigated whether IS-741 could inhibit the progression of pulmonary fibrosis through inflammatory cell infiltration. Lung injury was induced in female C57BL/6 mice by intratracheal instillation of BLM. IS-741 was administered daily intraperitoneally. The hydroxyproline content and fluid content in the lung on Day 28 were significantly lower in the IS-741-treated mice. The histological degree of lung injury or fibrosis was reduced in IS-741-treated mice. Administration of IS-741 caused significant reduction in the absolute number of total cells, monocyte chemoattractant protein (MCP)-1, and cysteinyl leukotriene (cysLTs) levels in bronchoalveolar lavage fluid on Day 7. Furthermore, the hydroxyproline content was significantly lower in IS-741-treated mice even though IS-741 was started on Day 14 after BLM instillation. Treatment with IS-741 had an inhibitory effect on BLM-induced lung injury and fibrosis via the repression of MCP-1 or cysLTs in this murine experimental model.
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Variance and autocorrelation of the spontaneous slow brain activity.
PLoS ONE
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Slow (<0.1 Hz) oscillatory activity in the human brain, as measured by functional magnetic imaging, has been used to identify neural networks and their dysfunction in specific brain diseases. Its intrinsic properties may also be useful to investigate brain functions. We investigated the two functional maps: variance and first order autocorrelation coefficient (r(1)). These two maps had distinct spatial distributions and the values were significantly different among the subdivisions of the precuneus and posterior cingulate cortex that were identified in functional connectivity (FC) studies. The results reinforce the functional segregation of these subdivisions and indicate that the intrinsic properties of the slow brain activity have physiological relevance. Further, we propose a sample size (degree of freedom) correction when assessing the statistical significance of FC strength with r(1) values, which enables a better understanding of the network changes related to various brain diseases.
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Ecklonia cava polyphenol protects the liver against ethanol-induced injury in rats.
Biochim. Biophys. Acta
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The development of alcoholic liver disease is a complex process that involves both the parenchymal and non-parenchymal cells of the liver. We examined the effect of an Ecklonia cava extract on ethanol-induced liver injury.
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What is Visualize?

JoVE Visualize is a tool created to match the last 5 years of PubMed publications to methods in JoVE's video library.

How does it work?

We use abstracts found on PubMed and match them to JoVE videos to create a list of 10 to 30 related methods videos.

Video X seems to be unrelated to Abstract Y...

In developing our video relationships, we compare around 5 million PubMed articles to our library of over 4,500 methods videos. In some cases the language used in the PubMed abstracts makes matching that content to a JoVE video difficult. In other cases, there happens not to be any content in our video library that is relevant to the topic of a given abstract. In these cases, our algorithms are trying their best to display videos with relevant content, which can sometimes result in matched videos with only a slight relation.