The objectives of this study are to describe our new technique of one-piece bone flap osteotomy for fronto-orbital advancement with distraction osteogenesis in craniosynostosis using a thin, flexible, and safe thread wire saw (the T-saw) and to compare the results with those of classic osteotomy using an osteotome.
Although many authors have described advantages of the transconjunctival approach, few reports describe risks of postoperative lower eyelid complications with repeated incisions. The objective of this study was to investigate whether the incidence of postoperative lower eyelid complication using the transconjunctival approach was different, depending on the time of incision. Patients who underwent orbital bony surgery at the Kanazawa Medical University Hospital between 1996 and 2012 were reviewed. Patients were divided into a group that underwent single transconjunctival incision and a group that underwent repeated incisions. Intraoperative and postoperative complications, including eyelid ectropion, entropion, and scleral show, were compared between the groups. A total of 154 transconjunctival incisions were made in 145 patients (mean age, 35.6 y; 99 men and 46 women), who were observed for a mean of 14 months (range, 6-97 mo). Two patients had eyelid lacerations with inferior lacrimal canaliculus injuries. Lower eyelid malposition requiring operative correction occurred in 3 of the 140 patients in group A (2.1%) and in 3 of the 14 patients in group B (21.4%) (P = 0.01). The total postoperative complication rate in patients with a single incision was 5.0% (n = 7), and that for repeated incisions (2-5 times) was 35.7% (n = 5) (P = 0.001). The total complication rate of transconjunctival incision was slightly high. Although repeated incision cases were significantly more frequent, the eyelid could be corrected without visible scarring although eyelid complications occurred.
The conditions of facial asymmetry are caused by congenital or acquired diseases, and several unclassifiable syndromes with unknown etiologies exist. In this report, a case of facial asymmetry with enlarged frontal sinus and hyperplasia of the frontal cranial bone and nasal bone is presented. Although the etiology of the facial malformation was clear, it was thought that the cause of the enlarged frontal sinus was related to the unidentified bony hyperplasia and facial asymmetry related to hemimandibular hyperplasia.
The antral balloon technique is a useful procedure for the treatment of orbital fracture. Its advantages include being able to apply it without any donor-site morbidity. However, the saline injection catheter, which is inserted nasally from the natural ostium, sometimes causes discomfort. We present our new antral balloon technique with an implantable reservoir dome. This technique did not cause patient discomfort because no saline injection catheter was inserted nasally. It contributed to long-term placement of the antral balloon. Of 30 patients, satisfactory symmetries were achieved in 27 patients and the others required subsequent calvarial bone grafting for correction because of residual enophthalmos.
We present cranioplasty for a patient who underwent encephalocele surgery during infancy. Preoperative 3-dimensional computed tomography venography showed the skull defect and abnormal running of the superior sagittal sinus in simultaneous images. Using computed tomography venography images as a guide, we could safely harvest full-thickness calvarial bone from the contralateral side of the superior sagittal sinus.
We have reported in this journal in vitro susceptibilities of clinical isolates to antibiotics every year since 1992. In this paper, we report the results of an analysis of in vitro susceptibilities of 12,919 clinical isolates from 72 centers in Japan to selected antibiotics in 2007 compared with the results from previous years. The common respiratory pathogens, Streptococcus pyogenes, Streptococcus pneumoniae, Moraxella catarrhalis and Haemophilus influenzae maintained a high susceptibility to fluoroquinolones (FQs). The resistance of S. pyogenes to macrolides has been increasing every year and this was especially clear this year. Most strains of Enterobacteriaceae except for Escherichia coli showed a high susceptibility to FQs. Almost 30% of E. coli strains were resistant to FQs and the resistance increased further this year. FQs resistance of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) was approximately 95% with the exception of 45% for sitafloxacin (STFX). FQs resistance of methicillin-susceptible S. aureus (MSSA) was low at about 10%. FQs resistance of methicillin-resistant coagulase negative Staphylococci (MRCNS) was higher than that of methicillin-susceptible coagulase negative Staphylococci (MSCNS), but it was lower than that of MRSA. However, FQs resistance of MSCNS was higher than that of MSSA. FQs resistance of Enterococcus faecalis was 22.5% to 29.6%, while that of Enterococcusfaecium was more than 85% except for STFX (58.3%). In clinical isolates of Pseudomonas aeruginosa derived from urinary tract infections, FQs resistance was 21-27%, which was higher than that of P. aeruginosa from respiratory tract infections at 13-21%, which was the same trend as in past years. Multidrug resistant strains accounted for 5.6% in the urinary tract and 1.8% in the respiratory tract. Acinetobacter spp. showed high susceptibility to FQs. The carbapenem resistant strains, which present a problem at present, accounted for 2.7%. Neisseria gonorrhoeae showed high resistance of 86-88% to FQs. The results of the present survey indicated that although methicillin-resistant Staphylococci, Enterococci, E. coli, P. aeruginosa, and N. gonorrhoeae showed resistance tendencies, and other species maintained high susceptibility rates more than 90% against FQs, which have been used clinically for over 15 years.
Device-related pressure ulcers are not rare. However, few studies have reported pressure ulcers of the lower lip. We encountered 2 patients with an intraoperative pressure ulcer on the lower lip caused by an endotracheal tube during rhinoplasty.A 46-year-old man showed a deviated nose and nasal obstruction. Surgery was performed under general anesthesia with endotracheal intubation. The surgery time was 270 minutes. A 23-year-old man also showed a deviated nose and nasal obstruction. Surgery was performed under general anesthesia in the same fashion. The surgery time was 273 minutes. A preformed endotracheal tube was inserted and positioned over the mandible and secured with polyurethane film intraoperatively. Both patients had pressure ulcers on their lower lip. One showed a slightly visible scar. Care must be taken to avoid ulcers of the lower lip in rhinoplasty patients.
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