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Find video protocols related to scientific articles indexed in Pubmed.
Delta-tocotrienol induces apoptotic cell death via depletion of intracellular squalene in ED40515 cells.
Food Funct
PUBLISHED: 09-17-2014
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Here, we examined the effect of tocotrienols (T3) on the growth of adult T-cell leukemia (ATL) cells. All three forms (?-, ?-, and ?-T3) inhibited cell proliferation in a dose-dependent manner; ?-T3 showed the strongest growth-inhibitory effect. ?-T3 increased the G1, G2/M, and subG1 populations and induced internucleosomal DNA fragmentation. ?-T3 treatment also increased the levels of cleaved caspase-3, -6, -7, -9, and poly-ADP ribose polymerase (PARP), and this was accompanied by downregulation of Bcl-2, Bcl-xL, and XIAP. Moreover, ?-T3 decreased nuclear p65 NF-?B levels, indicating downregulation of NF-?B activity. This cytotoxic effect of ?-T3 was abrogated by squalene (SQL) but not mevalonate (MVL), farnesyl diphosphate (FPP), geranylgeranyl diphosphate (GGPP), or cholesterol (CL). ?-T3 decreased intracellular SQL levels, and inhibition of de novo cholesterol synthesis did not affect the action of SQL. Furthermore, ?-T3 significantly decreased farnesyl-diphosphate farnesyltransferase 1 (FDFT1) expression. Taken together, it is evident that ?-T3, due to its ability to potently induce apoptosis via the depletion of intracellular SQL, shows the potential to be considered a therapeutic agent in patients with ATL.
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The importance of 1,2-dithiolane structure in ?-lipoic acid for the downregulation of cell surface ?1-integrin expression of human bladder cancer cells.
Biosci. Biotechnol. Biochem.
PUBLISHED: 08-01-2014
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Here, we show that cell surface ?1-integrin expression, cell adhesion to fibronectin, migration, and invasion were all significantly inhibited by ?-lipoic acid. These effects were not observed when cells were treated with dihydrolipoic acid or caprylic acid. These data reveal that the 1,2-dithiolane structure plays an important role in the action of ?-lipoic acid.
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Spaceflight affects postnatal development of the aortic wall in rats.
Biomed Res Int
PUBLISHED: 04-24-2014
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We investigated effect of microgravity environment during spaceflight on postnatal development of the rheological properties of the aorta in rats. The neonate rats were randomly divided at 7 days of age into the spaceflight, asynchronous ground control, and vivarium control groups (8 pups for one dam). The spaceflight group rats at 9 days of age were exposed to microgravity environment for 16 days. A longitudinal wall strip of the proximal descending thoracic aorta was subjected to stress-strain and stress-relaxation tests. Wall tensile force was significantly smaller in the spaceflight group than in the two control groups, whereas there were no significant differences in wall stress or incremental elastic modulus at each strain among the three groups. Wall thickness and number of smooth muscle fibers were significantly smaller in the spaceflight group than in the two control groups, but there were no significant differences in amounts of either the elastin or collagen fibers among the three groups. The decreased thickness was mainly caused by the decreased number of smooth muscle cells. Plastic deformation was observed only in the spaceflight group in the stress-strain test. A microgravity environment during spaceflight could affect postnatal development of the morphological and rheological properties of the aorta.
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?-Lipoic acid suppresses migration and invasion via downregulation of cell surface ?1-integrin expression in bladder cancer cells.
J Clin Biochem Nutr
PUBLISHED: 01-16-2014
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Our previous study showed ?-lipoic acid (LA) downregulated cell surface ?1-integrin expression of v-H-ras-transformed derivative of rat fibroblast with amelioration of their malignant phenotype. Here, we evaluated the ameliorating effect of LA on the malignant characters in H-ras-transformed bladder cancer cells. H-ras mutated bladder cancer line, T24 cells were incubated with LA to evaluate the inhibitory effect on proliferation, migration, invasion and ?1-integrin expression. Fluorescence staining of F-actin and western blotting analyses of the related signaling pathways were also performed. LA inhibited the proliferation of T24 cells. Cell adhesion to collagen IV and fibronectin was strikingly inhibited by LA treatment accompanied by downregulation of cell surface but not whole cell ?1-integrin expression. LA clearly inhibited cell migration and invasion of T24 cells, which were mimicked by extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK) and Akt pathway inhibition. Actually, LA significantly downregulated the phosphorylated ERK and Akt levels. Moreover, LA downregulated phosphorylated focal adhesion kinase level with disappearance of stress fiber formation. Finally, although LA induced the internalization of cell surface ?1-integrin, disruption of the raft did not affect the action of LA. Taken together, LA is a promising agent to improve malignant character of bladder cancer cells through regulation of cellular ?1-integrin localization.
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Induction of apoptotic cell death in HL-60 cells by jacaranda seed oil derived fatty acids.
J Oleo Sci
PUBLISHED: 11-09-2013
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Various fatty acids are attracting considerable interest for their anticancer effects. Among them, fatty acids containing conjugated double bonds show one of the most potent cytotoxic effects on cancer cells. Here, we focused on the cancer cell killing activity of jacaranda seed oil. The seed oil of jacaranda harvested from Miyazaki in Japan contained 30.9% cis-8, trans-10, cis-12 octadecatrienoic acid, called jacaric acid (JA). Fatty acid prepared from this oil (JFA) and JA strongly induced cell death in human leukemia HL-60 cells. On the other hand, linoleic acid and trans-10, cis-12 conjugated linoleic acid (<10 ?M) did not affect cell proliferation and viability. An increase in the sub-G? population and internucleosomal fragmentation of DNA was observed in JA- and JFA-treated cells, indicating induction of apoptotic cell death. Finally, the cytotoxic effects of JA and JFA were completely abolished by ?-tocopherol. Taken together, these data suggest that jacaranda seed oil has potent apoptotic activity in HL-60 cells through induction of oxidative stress.
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Identification of a novel flavonoid glycoside sulfotransferase in Arabidopsis thaliana.
J. Biochem.
PUBLISHED: 11-06-2013
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The discovery of sulfated flavonoids in plants suggests that sulfation may play a regulatory role in the physiological functions of flavonoids. Sulfation of flavonoids is mediated by cytosolic sulfotransferases (SULTs), which utilize 3-phosphoadenosine 5-phosphosulfate (PAPS) as the sulfate donor. A novel SULT from Arabidopsis thaliana, designated AtSULT202B7 (AGI code: At1g13420), was cloned and expressed in Escherichia coli. Using various compounds as potential substrates, we demonstrated, for the first time, that AtSULT202B7 displayed sulfating activity specific for flavonoids. Intriguingly, the recombinant enzyme preferred flavonoid glycosides (e.g. kaempferol-3-glucoside and quercetin-3-glucoside) rather than their aglycone counterparts. Among a series of hydroxyflavones tested, AtSULT202B7 showed the enzymatic activity only for 7-hydroxyflavone. pH-dependency study showed that the optimum pH was relatively low (pH 5.5) compared with those (pH 6.0-8.5) previously reported for other isoforms. Based on the comparison of high performance (pressure) liquid chromatography (HPLC) retention times between sulfated kaempferol and the deglycosylated product of sulfated kaempferol-3-glucoside, the sulfation site in sulfated kaempferol-3-glucoside appeared to be the hydroxyl group of the flavonoid skeleton. In addition, by using direct infusion mass spectrometry, it was found that the sulfated product had one sulfonate group within the molecule. These results indicated that AtSULT202B7 functions as a flavonoid glycoside 7-sulfotransferase.
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Carnosol, rosemary ingredient, induces apoptosis in adult T-cell leukemia/lymphoma cells via glutathione depletion: proteomic approach using fluorescent two-dimensional differential gel electrophoresis.
Hum. Cell
PUBLISHED: 09-09-2013
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Adult T-cell leukemia/lymphoma (ATL) is a fatal malignancy caused by infection with human T-lymphotropic virus type-1 and there is no accepted curative therapy for ATL. We searched for biological active substances for the prevention and treatment of ATL from several species of herbs. The ATL cell growth-inhibitory activity and apoptosis assay showed that carnosol, which is an ingredient contained in rosemary (Rosmarinus officinalis), induced apoptosis in ATL cells. Next, to investigate the apoptosis-inducing mechanism of carnosol, we applied proteomic analysis using fluorescent two-dimensional differential gel electrophoresis and mass spectrometry. The proteomic analysis showed that the expression of reductases, enzymes in glycolytic pathway, and enzymes in pentose phosphate pathway was increased in carnosol-treated cells, compared with untreated cells. These results suggested that carnosol affected the redox status in the cells. Further, the quantitative analysis of glutathione, which plays the central role for the maintenance of intracellular redox status, indicated that carnosol caused the decrease of glutathione in the cells. Further, N-acetyl-L-cystein, which is precursor of glutathione, canceled the efficiency of carnosol. From these results, it was suggested that the apoptosis-inducing activity of carnosol in ATL cells was caused by the depletion of glutathione.
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Jacaric acid is rapidly metabolized to conjugated linoleic acid in rats.
J Oleo Sci
PUBLISHED: 05-08-2013
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We have shown previously that jacaric acid (JA; 8c,10t,12c-18:3), which has a conjugated triene system, has a strong anti-tumor effect. However, the characteristics of absorption and metabolism of JA have yet to be determined in vivo, and the details of absorption and metabolism of JA in the small intestine are particularly unclear. This information is required for effective use of JA in humans. Therefore, in this study we examined absorption and metabolism of JA using cannulation of the thoracic duct in rats. Emulsions of two test oils, jacaranda seed oil and tung oil, which contain JA and ?-eleostearic acid (?-ESA; 9c,11t,13t-18:3), respectively, were administered to rats and lymph from the thoracic duct was collected over 24 h. We examined the rate of absorption of JA and possible conversion to a conjugated linoleic acid (CLA)containing a conjugated diene system. The positional isomerism of the CLA produced by JA metabolism was determined using gas chromatography-electron impact/mass spectrometry. The rate of absorption and percentage conversion of JA were compared with those of ?-ESA. We found that JA is rapidly absorbed and converted to a CLA in rats and that the percentage conversion of JA was lower than that of ?-ESA. This is the first report on the absorption and metabolism of JA and this information may be important for application of JA as a functional food.
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Takotsubo cardiomyopathy in siblings.
Heart Vessels
PUBLISHED: 03-22-2013
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We report the case of apical ballooning syndrome (ABS) in a female sibling. A 64-year-old woman was admitted to our hospital with sudden-onset chest pain. Cardiac enzymes were mildly elevated and an electrocardiogram showed broad ST-T changes. Emergency coronary angiography revealed no culprit lesion and left ventriculography demonstrated focal akinesis of the apical wall, which was consistent with ABS. Myocardial functional sympathetic innervations assessed using [(123)I]metaiodobenzylguanidine was severely impaired in the apical region. Her clinical symptoms and cardiac dysfunction recovered spontaneously. Just 1 year prior to our patients cardiac event, her elder sister had the same symptoms and was also diagnosed with ABS. Both sisters were postmenopausal. The familial case of ABS is exceedingly rare, but these cases suggest a possible genetic etiology.
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Genistein induces apoptotic cell death associated with inhibition of the NF-?B pathway in adult T-cell leukemia cells.
Cell Biol. Int.
PUBLISHED: 02-22-2013
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We have shown that genistein inhibits the growth of adult T-cell leukemia (ATL) cells in vitro and in vivo, and this leads to pronounced G2/M arrest. This report shows that genistein induces apoptotic death in ATL cells. Although the pan-caspase inhibitor, Z-VAD-fmk, did not inhibit genistein-induced apoptosis, release of apoptosis-inducing factor (AIF) into the cytosol occurred. Poly-ADP ribose polymerase inhibition also abrogated genistein-induced apoptosis. Genistein decreased nuclear p65 translocation and I?B? phosphorylation, and downregulated the anti-apoptotic proteins, XIAP, cIAP and survivin, NF-?B-responsive gene products. Thus, genistein is a promising agent for ATL that induces caspase-independent apoptosis through inhibition of the NF-?B pathway.
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Enzymatic sulfation of tocopherols and tocopherol metabolites by human cytosolic sulfotransferases.
Biosci. Biotechnol. Biochem.
PUBLISHED: 10-07-2011
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Tocopherols are essential micronutrients for mammals widely known as potent lipid-soluble antioxidants that are present in cell membranes. Recent studies have demonstrated that most of the carboxychromanol (CEHC), a tocopherol metabolite, in the plasma exists primarily in sulfate- and glucuronide-conjugated forms. To gain insight into the enzymatic sulfation of tocopherols and their metabolites, a systematic investigation was performed using all 14 known human cytosolic sulfotransferases (SULTs). The results showed that the members of the SULT1 family displayed stronger sulfating activities toward tocopherols and their metabolites. These enzymes showed a substrate preference for ?-tocopherol over ?-tocopherol and for ?-CEHC over other CEHCs. Using A549 human lung epithelial cells in a metabolic labeling study, a similar trend in the sulfation of tocopherols and CEHCs was observed. Collectively, the results obtained indicate that SULT-mediated enzymatic sulfation of tocopherols and their metabolites is a significant pathway for regulation of the homeostasis and physiological functions of these important compounds.
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Impact of polymer formulations on neointimal proliferation after zotarolimus-eluting stent with different polymers: insights from the RESOLUTE trial.
Circ Cardiovasc Interv
PUBLISHED: 05-17-2011
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Polymer formulation may affect the efficacy of drug-eluting stents. Resolute, Endeavor, and ZoMaxx are zotarolimus-eluting stents with different stent platforms and different polymer coatings and have been tested in clinical trials. The aim of this analysis was to compare the efficacy of zotarolimus-eluting stents with different polymers.
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Alpha lipoic acid selectively inhibits proliferation and adhesion to fibronectin of v-H-ras-transformed 3Y1 cells.
J Clin Biochem Nutr
PUBLISHED: 05-01-2011
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Here, we focused on the effects of racemic ?-lipoic acid on proliferation and adhesion properties of 3Y1 rat fibroblasts and the v-H-ras-transformed derivative, HR-3Y1-2 cells. Racemic ?-lipoic acid inhibited proliferation of HR-3Y1-2 but not 3Y1 cells at 0.3 and 1.0 mM. R-(+)-?-lipoic acid also inhibited proliferation of HR-3Y1-2 cells equivalent to that of racemic ?-lipoic acid. In addition, racemic ?-lipoic acid decreased intracellular reactive oxygen species levels in HR-3Y1 cells but not 3Y1 cells. Next, we evaluated the effects of racemic ?-lipoic acid on cell adhesion to fibronectin. The results indicated that racemic ?-lipoic acid decreased adhesive ability of HR-3Y1-2 cells to fibronectin-coated plates. As blocking antibody experiment revealed that ?1-integrin plays a key role in cell adhesion in this experimental system, the effects of racemic ?-lipoic acid on the expression of ?1-integrin were examined. The results indicated that racemic ?-lipoic acid selectively downregulated the expression of cell surface ?1-integrin expression in HR-3Y1-2 cells. Intriguingly, exogenous hydrogen peroxide upregulated cell surface ?1-integrin expression in 3Y1 cells. Taken together, these data suggest that reduction of intracellular reactive oxygen species levels by ?-lipoic acid could be an effective means of ameliorating abnormal growth and adhesive properties in v-H-ras transformed cells.
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Impact of donor-transmitted atherosclerosis on early cardiac allograft vasculopathy: new findings by three-dimensional intravascular ultrasound analysis.
Transplantation
PUBLISHED: 04-23-2011
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The influence of donor-transmitted coronary atherosclerosis (DA) on plaque progression during the first year after cardiac transplantation (Tx) is unknown.
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Novel screening method for potential skin-whitening compounds by a luciferase reporter assay.
Biosci. Biotechnol. Biochem.
PUBLISHED: 11-07-2010
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Measurement of the melanin content by using B16 melanoma cells is generally applied to find novel skin-whitening agents. However, this measurement method using B16 melanoma cells has such disadvantages, as the time taken, its sensitivity, and troublesomeness. We therefore attempted in the present study to establish a reporter assay system by measuring the tyrosinase promoter activity to use for convenient, high-throughput screening of new melanogenesis inhibitors. We first confirmed the validity of this reporter assay system by using such known skin-whitening agents, as arbutin, sulforaphane, and theaflavin 3,3-digallate. We then compared the effect of 56 compounds on the tyrosinase promoter activity to test this reporter assay system. Carnosol, and rottlerin strongly inhibited the tyrosinase promoter activity. Moreover, carnosol and rottlerin decreased melanin synthesis and tyrosinase expression in a dose-dependent manner when using B16 melanoma cells. These results indicate this new luciferase reported assay system to be an effective and convenient method for screening potential skin-whitening compounds.
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Genistein induced apoptotic cell death in adult T-cell leukemia cells through estrogen receptors.
Biosci. Biotechnol. Biochem.
PUBLISHED: 10-07-2010
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Adult T-cell leukemia (ATL) occurs in human T-lymphotropic virus type I-infected individuals and is endemic to the southwestern area of Kyushu in Japan. Here, we found that nM levels of genistein and 17?-estradiol had cytotoxic effects on ATL cells and activated caspase-3. The estrogen receptor antagonist ICI182780 negated the cytotoxic effect of genistein. In addition, G protein-coupled estrogen receptor agonist G-1 also had a cytotoxic effect on ATL cells. This is the first report suggesting that estrogen receptors are a molecular target for ATL therapy.
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Short- and mid-term intravascular ultrasound analysis of the new zotarolimus-eluting stent with durable polymer – results from the RESOLUTE trial –.
Circ. J.
PUBLISHED: 08-03-2010
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The Resolute stent is a newly developed system with a bio-histocompatible polymer that allows programmed drug delivery up to 180 days. The aim of this intravascular ultrasound (IVUS) analysis was to evaluate the short- (4 months) and mid-term (9 months) efficacy using the Resolute stent.
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Vascular response to overlapping everolimus-eluting stents. - Comparison with paclitaxel-eluting stents -.
Circ. J.
PUBLISHED: 04-15-2010
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Overlapping drug-eluting stents might be associated with an adverse vessel response because of increased drug/polymer toxicity and lesion rigidity.
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Comparison of everolimus- versus paclitaxel-eluting stents implanted in patients with diabetes mellitus as evaluated by three-dimensional intravascular ultrasound analysis.
Am. J. Cardiol.
PUBLISHED: 03-25-2010
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Previous reports have shown the advantage of paclitaxel compared to limus-derivative drugs for the treatment of diabetics. A total of 109 diabetics (115 lesions) treated with everolimus-eluting stents (EESs, n = 58) or paclitaxel-eluting stents (PESs, n = 55) undergoing 8 to 9 months of follow-up 3-dimensional intravascular ultrasound examinations were enrolled. In addition to the standard intravascular ultrasound parameters, the percentage of neointimal volume (neointimal volume/stent volume) and maximum percentage of cross-sectional narrowing (neointimal area/stent area) was calculated. EESs showed a lower percentage of neointimal volume (7.2 +/- 7.1% vs 11.7 +/- 11.0%; p = 0.01) and maximum percentage of cross-sectional narrowing (22.5 +/- 16.3% vs 29.4 +/- 19.2%; p = 0.04) than PESs. One case of severe narrowing (lesions with maximum percentage of cross-sectional narrowing >60%) in the EES group developed and 6 cases in the PESs group (p = 0.05). The EESs showed no serial changes for vessel or peri-stent plaque during the follow-up period, and PESs showed significant increases in vessel and peri-stent plaque. PESs showed significantly greater peri-stent plaque increase, with a tendency toward greater vessel enlargement than EESs. Late acquired incomplete stent apposition was observed in 2 PES cases. The major adverse cardiac event rate was comparable < or =2 years. In conclusion, EESs showed greater neointimal suppression without significant vessel expansion than PESs in diabetic patients. In this small cohort, no significant differences were observed in the major adverse cardiac event rate < or =2 years.
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SPIRIT III JAPAN versus SPIRIT III USA: a comparative intravascular ultrasound analysis of the everolimus-eluting stent.
Am. J. Cardiol.
PUBLISHED: 02-21-2010
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The aim of this study was to evaluate the vascular response after everolimus-eluting stent (EES) implantation in the SPIRIT III Japan Registry (JAPAN) compared to EES implantation in the SPIRIT III United States (USA) trial using serial intravascular ultrasound (IVUS) analysis. Data were obtained from the JAPAN and the randomized EES arm of the USA trial. Serial (postprocedure and 8-month follow-up) IVUS analysis was available in 199 lesions (JAPAN 82, USA 117) of 183 patients (JAPAN 73, USA 110). Although no difference was observed in vessel size in the reference segment between the 2 groups, postprocedure minimum lumen area and stent volume index were significantly greater in the JAPAN arm (minimum lumen area 5.8 +/- 2.2 vs 5.1 +/- 1.5 mm(2), p = 0.03; stent volume index 7.0 +/- 2.4 vs 6.3 +/- 1.7 mm(3)/mm, p = 0.03). Postprocedure incomplete stent apposition (ISA) was less frequently observed in the JAPAN arm (15.9% vs 33.3%, p = 0.006), possibly related to higher maximum balloon pressure and/or more postdilatation without excess tissue prolapse or edge dissection. In the JAPAN arm, percent neointimal obstruction and maximum percent cross-sectional narrowing were significantly lower at 8-month follow-up (percent neointimal obstruction 3.5 +/- 4.2% vs 6.8 +/- 6.4%, p = 0.0004). Late acquired ISA was infrequent in the 2 arms. In conclusion, comparative IVUS analysis between the JAPAN and USA arms showed more optimal stent deployment in the JAPAN arm as evidenced by the lower incidence of postprocedure ISA and larger minimum lumen area after the procedure. Moreover, there was less neointimal hyperplasia in patients with EES implants from the JAPAN arm compared to the USA arm.
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Preprocedural inflammation does not affect neointimal hyperplasia following everolimus-eluting stent implantation.
J Invasive Cardiol
PUBLISHED: 12-08-2009
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Preprocedual C-reactive protein (CRP) has been reported to correlate with in-stent restenosis following bare-metal stent implantation. The aim of this study was to investigate the impact of preprocedural inflammation on neointimal hyperplasia assessed by intravascular ultrasound (IVUS) following everolimus-eluting stent (EES) implantation.
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Mustard oil in "Shibori Daikon" a variety of Japanese radish, selectively inhibits the proliferation of H-ras-transformed 3Y1 cells.
Biosci. Biotechnol. Biochem.
PUBLISHED: 10-07-2009
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Cruciferous vegetables and their isothiocyanates are promising foods and agents for cancer prevention. We focus here on the effects of mustard oil (SMO) in a variety of the Japanese radish, Shibori Daikon (Raphanus sativus), on the proliferation of 3Y1 rat fibroblasts and the H-ras-transformed derivative, HR-3Y1-2. SMO (1.6 microg/ml) inhibited the proliferation of HR-3Y1-2, but not 3Y1 after 24 h after treatment. A cell cycle analysis showed that SMO induced G2/M arrest after 6 h, although this effect was not observed 24 h after the treatment. SMO transiently decreased the cellular reduced glutathione level accompanied with up-regulation of the intracellular reactive oxygen species 2-3 h post-treatment. Glutathione ethyl ester and N-acetyl-L-cysteine prevented the growth inhibitory effect of SMO. This mustard oil extract consisted of 95.6% 4-methylthio-3-butenyl isothiocyanate and 4.4% 4-methylthiobutyl isothiocyanate. SMO selectively inhibited H-ras-transformed 3Y1 cells associated with transient oxidative stress via reduced glutathione (GSH) depletion.
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Fucoidan induces apoptosis through activation of caspase-8 on human breast cancer MCF-7 cells.
J. Agric. Food Chem.
PUBLISHED: 09-17-2009
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Fucoidan is an active component of seaweed that has been shown to inhibit proliferation and induce apoptotic cell death in several tumor cells. However, the detailed mechanisms underlying this process have not yet been elucidated. In the present report, we investigated the effect of fucoidan on the induction of apoptosis in human breast cancer MCF-7 cells. Our data demonstrated that fucoidan reduced the viable cell number of MCF-7 cells in a dose- and time-dependent manner. In contrast, fucoidan did not affect the viable cell number of normal human mammary epithelial cells. Results from the apoptosis assay demonstrated that fucoidan induced internucleosomal DNA fragmentation, chromatin condensation, activation of caspase-7, -8, and -9, and cleavage of poly(ADP ribose) polymerase. Furthermore, expression of Bid was decreased, whereas truncated Bid was increased by fucoidan treatment. There was also a decline in cytosolic Bax and a striking increase of cytosolic cytochrome c. Caspase-8-specific inhibitor, z-ITED-fmk, canceled the cytotoxicity of fucoidan, activation of caspase-7, -8, and -9, and a series of changes in Bax, Bid, and cytochrome c. However, caspase-9-specific inhibitor exerted a moderate inhibitory effect on the cytotoxicity of fucoidan. These data indicated that fucoidan could induce apoptotic cell death through a caspase-8-dependent pathway in MCF-7 cells.
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Cardiovascular regulation during upright standing behavior in conscious rats.
Neurosci. Lett.
PUBLISHED: 04-16-2009
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Although rats often show an upright standing behavior the cardiovascular response during the behavior has not yet been fully clarified. In this study we quantified the activity of upright standing behavior in rats using infrared beam detectors and measured cardiovascular variables during the behavior. Rats demonstrated a high level of upright standing activity as they showed the upright posture more than 500 times per day at 10 weeks of age. The average upright standing duration time was less than 10s. Arterial pressure slightly decreased while heart rate increased in response to the behavior and these responses were not affected by sino-aortic denervation. Our results indicate that other mechanisms such as the vestibulo-cardiovascular reflex may completely compensate the lack of the baroreceptor reflex to maintain cardiovascular homeostasis in response to acute positional changes in rats. Moreover rats demonstrate complex integrative mechanisms maintaining cardiovascular homeostasis against the upright standing behavior which frequently occurs in rats.
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Dihydro-alpha-lipoic acid has more potent cytotoxicity than alpha-lipoic acid.
In Vitro Cell. Dev. Biol. Anim.
PUBLISHED: 01-01-2009
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Alpha-lipoic acid has been shown to possess cancer-cell-killing activity via activation of the apoptosis pathway. In this study, the cytotoxic activities of alpha-lipoic and dihydro-alpha-lipoic acid were compared in HL-60 cells. The cell-killing activity of dihydro-alpha-lipoic acid was higher than that of alpha-lipoic acid. Both alpha-lipoic and dihydro-alpha-lipoic acid induced caspase-3 cleavage and internucleosomal DNA fragmentation in treated cells. On the other hand, apparent necrotic or late-stage apoptotic cell populations could be detected in dihydro-alpha-lipoic acid cells but not in those treated with alpha-lipoic acid. Moreover, dihydro-alpha-lipoic acid, but not alpha-lipoic acid, induced marked mitochondrial permeability transition. Antioxidants could not prevent dihydro-alpha-lipoic- or alpha-lipoic-acid-induced cell death. In addition, dihydro-alpha-lipoic and alpha-lipoic acid did not up-regulate cellular reactive oxygen level. These results indicated that dihydro-alpha-lipoic acid exerts more potent cytotoxicity than alpha-lipoic acid through different cytotoxic actions.
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Comparison of vascular response to the everolimus-eluting stent versus the paclitaxel-eluting stent: intravascular ultrasound results from the SPIRIT III trial.
EuroIntervention
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The purpose of this study was to investigate the vascular response of the everolimus-eluting stent (EES) compared with the paclitaxel-eluting stent (PES) using serial intravascular ultrasound (IVUS).
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Conjugated linoleic acids inhibit hypoxia inducible factor-1? stabilization under hypoxic condition in human hepatocellular carcinoma cells.
J Oleo Sci
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The anti-cancer effects of various fatty acids are drawing a lot of attention. To determine whether different fatty acids affect the hypoxic response of liver cancer cells, we examined the effects of various fatty acids on the stabilization of the hypoxia-inducible factor (HIF)-1? protein in the HepG2 human hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) cell line under condition containing 1% O(2). Of the fatty acids examined, only 9cis, 11trans (c9, t11)-conjugated linoleic acid (CLA) and 10trans, 12cis (t10, c12)-CLA inhibited hypoxia-induced HIF-1? stabilization. In addition, HIF-1? prolyl hydroxylase or proteasome inhibition abrogated the effects of c9, t11- and t10, c12-CLA. Moreover, c9, t11- and t10, c12-CLA significantly inhibited cell proliferation and induced apoptotic cell death under hypoxia. This is the first study showing that c9, t11- and t10, c12-CLA inhibit the hypoxic response in HCC cells.
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jacaric acid, a linolenic acid isomer with a conjugated triene system, reduces stearoyl-CoA desaturase expression in liver of mice.
J Oleo Sci
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Conjugated fatty acid is a collective term used for fatty acids with conjugated double bond systems. Seed oils from certain plants include conjugated linolenic acids, which have a conjugated triene system and are geometrical and positional isomers of ?-linolenic acid. One of these isomers, jacaric acid (JA, 8c, 10t, 12c-18:3), has not been examined widely. Therefore, we investigated the absorption and metabolism of JA in normal animals (ICR mice). An oral dose of JA of 5 mg/day for 1 week had no effects on body weight, food intake and tissue weight of mice. JA was detected in the serum, kidney, liver, lung and epididymal white adipose tissue. Analysis of the fatty acid composition in liver and white adipose tissue showed a tendency to increase levels of saturated fatty acids (SFAs) such as palmitic acid (16:0) and stearic acid (18:0) and to decrease levels of monounsaturated fatty acids (MUFAs) such as palmitoleic acid (16:1) and oleic acid (18:1). Thus, JA treatment decreased the desaturation index (16:1/16:0, 18:1/18:0) in liver and white adipose tissue. This index is used as an indicator of the activity of stearoyl coenzyme A desaturase (SCD), an endoplasmic reticulum enzyme that catalyzes the biosynthesis of MUFAs from SFAs. The change in this index indicates that JA inhibited SCD activity in ICR mice, and further experiments showed that JA also decreased the expression level of SCD-1 mRNA. Inhibition of SCD activity may have anti-obesity and anti-diabetes effects, and therefore the findings in this study suggest that JA may be effective for preventing obesity and diabetes.
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Selective inhibition by apocynin of the proliferation and adhesion to fibronectin of v-H-ras-transformed 3Y1 cells.
Biosci. Biotechnol. Biochem.
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We determined the effects of apocynin, a representative inhibitor of NADPH oxidase, on the proliferative and adhesive properties of 3Y1 rat fibroblasts and the 3Y1 v-H-ras-transformed derivative, HR-3Y1-2. Apocynin inhibited the proliferation of HR-3Y1-2 but not 3Y1 cells at 10 µM and 100 µM. Apocynin also decreased the intracellular reactive oxygen species (ROS) level in HR-3Y1-2 but not 3Y1 cells. We also evaluated the effects of apocynin on cell adhesion to fibronectin and found decreased adhesion of HR-3Y1-2 cells to fibronectin-coated plates. Our results indicate that apocynin selectively down-regulated ?1-integrin cell surface expression on the HR-3Y1-2 cells. It also inhibited the migration and invasion of these cells. These data suggest that reducing the production of NADPH oxidase-mediated ROS could be an effective means for ameliorating the abnormal growth, adhesion and motility of v-H-ras-transformed cells.
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Important role of ?1-integrin in fucoidan-induced apoptosis via caspase-8 activation.
Biosci. Biotechnol. Biochem.
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Fucoidan induces apoptosis by activating caspase-8 in human MCF-7 breast cancer cells, but the detailed mechanism for this is not understood. We demonstrate here that fucoidan interacted with the cell surface, and silencing the ?1-integrin gene expression inhibited fucoidan-induced apoptosis accompanied by caspase-8 activation. Fucoidan induced formation of the ?1-integrin-caspase-8 complex. These data indicate that ?1-integrin is an important factor for the cell-surface binding of fucoidan and plays an important role in fucoidan-induced apoptosis. Fucoidan also induced recruitment of caspase-8 to the ?1-integrin intracellular domain, cleaved it into the activated protein by direct combination with ?1-integrin, and induced apoptosis via the caspase cascade in MCF-7 cells.
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Jacaric acid, a linolenic acid isomer with a conjugated triene system, has a strong antitumor effect in vitro and in vivo.
Biochim. Biophys. Acta
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In this study, we compared the cytotoxic effects of natural conjugated linolenic acids (CLnAs) on human adenocarcinoma cells (DLD-1) in vitro, with the goal of finding CLnA isomers with strong cytotoxic effects. The antitumor effect of the CLnA with the strongest cytotoxic effect was then examined in mice. The results showed that all CLnA isomers have strong cytotoxic effects on DLD-1 cells, with jacaric acid (JA) having the strongest effect. Examination of the mechanism of cell death showed that CLnAs induce apoptosis in DLD-1 cells via lipid peroxidation. The intracellular levels of incorporated CLnAs were measured to examine the reason for differences in cytotoxic effects. These results showed that JA was taken into cells efficiently. Collectively, these results suggest that the cytotoxic effect of CLnAs is dependent on intracellular incorporation and induction of apoptosis via lipid peroxidation. JA also had a strong preventive antitumor effect in vivo in nude mice into which DLD-1 cells were transplanted. These results suggest that JA can be used as a dietary constituent for prevention of cancer.
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What is Visualize?

JoVE Visualize is a tool created to match the last 5 years of PubMed publications to methods in JoVE's video library.

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We use abstracts found on PubMed and match them to JoVE videos to create a list of 10 to 30 related methods videos.

Video X seems to be unrelated to Abstract Y...

In developing our video relationships, we compare around 5 million PubMed articles to our library of over 4,500 methods videos. In some cases the language used in the PubMed abstracts makes matching that content to a JoVE video difficult. In other cases, there happens not to be any content in our video library that is relevant to the topic of a given abstract. In these cases, our algorithms are trying their best to display videos with relevant content, which can sometimes result in matched videos with only a slight relation.