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Find video protocols related to scientific articles indexed in Pubmed.
Prospective randomized phase II study determines the clinical usefulness of genetic biomarkers for sensitivity to primary chemotherapy with paclitaxel in breast cancer.
Cancer Sci.
PUBLISHED: 09-30-2010
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In patients with breast cancer, taxane as well as anthracycline play central roles in systemic chemotherapy. By evaluating the pathological response, we can gauge sensitivity to primary chemotherapy. However, biomarkers that would predict a response to taxane have not yet been established. We conducted a prospective randomized trial to evaluate whether selecting patients using sensitivity testing based on the gene expression of the tumor might enhance the probability of the pathological response. Five genes were identified as biomarkers derived from a microarray of DNA gene profiles from microdisected breast tumors. In the experimental arm (B1), 12 cycles of weekly paclitaxel, 80 mg/m(2) , were preoperatively given when the sensitivity test was positive and therefore judged to be sensitive to paclitaxel. When the test was negative, meaning insensitive to paclitaxel, four cycles of FEC100 were given (arm B2). In the control arm (A), paclitaxel was administered weekly without the use of the sensitivity test. A total of 92 patients were enrolled and 86 patients were analyzed. The pathological response rate (pRR) of each arm was 36.4% in B1 (expected sensitive to paclitaxel), 21.1% in A (control) and 12.5% in B2, respectively. Weekly paclitaxel-treated patients selected by the sensitivity test did not enhance the pRR. The study failed to validate sensitivity testing using five gene expressions for primary chemotherapy with paclitaxel in patients with breast cancer. However, this study suggests that a randomized phase II study is a robust tool for obtaining a rapid conclusion on the usefulness of biomarkers and could be the foundation for further large clinical trials.
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Post-operative breast cancer patients diagnosed with skeletal metastasis without bone pain had fewer skeletal-related events and deaths than those with bone pain.
BMC Cancer
PUBLISHED: 08-13-2010
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Skeletal metastases are often accompanied by bone pain. To investigate the clinical meaning of bone pain associated with skeletal metastasis in breast cancer patients after surgery, we explored whether the presence of bone pain was due to skeletal-related events (SREs) or survival (cause specific death, CSD), retrospectively.
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An open cohort study of bone metastasis incidence following surgery in breast cancer patients.
BMC Cancer
PUBLISHED: 07-21-2010
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To help design clinical trials of adjuvant bisphosphonate therapy for breast cancer, the temporal incidence of bone metastasis was investigated in a cohort of patients. We have tried to draw the criteria to use adjuvant bisphosphonate.
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Feasibility of AC/EC followed by weekly paclitaxel in node-positive breast cancer in Japan.
Anticancer Res.
PUBLISHED: 05-16-2009
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The feasibility and efficacy of adriamycin or epirubicin in combination with cyclophosphamide followed by weekly paclitaxel (AC/EC-weekly PAC) as adjuvant chemotherapy for breast cancer was investigated.
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Oral uracil and tegafur compared with classic cyclophosphamide, methotrexate, fluorouracil as postoperative chemotherapy in patients with node-negative, high-risk breast cancer: National Surgical Adjuvant Study for Breast Cancer 01 Trial.
J. Clin. Oncol.
PUBLISHED: 02-09-2009
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The primary aim of this study was to compare the effectiveness of oral uracil-tegafur (UFT) with that of classical cyclophosphamide, methotrexate, and fluorouracil (CMF) given as postoperative adjuvant treatment to women with node-negative, high-risk breast cancer.
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Predicting response to docetaxel neoadjuvant chemotherapy for advanced breast cancers through genome-wide gene expression profiling.
Int. J. Oncol.
PUBLISHED: 01-17-2009
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Neoadjuvant chemotherapy with docetaxel for advanced breast cancer can improve the radicality for a subset of patients, but some patients suffer from severe adverse drug reactions without any benefit. To establish a method for predicting responses to docetaxel, we analyzed gene expression profiles of biopsy materials from 29 advanced breast cancers using a cDNA microarray consisting of 36,864 genes or ESTs, after enrichment of cancer cell population by laser microbeam microdissection. Analyzing eight PR (partial response) patients and twelve patients with SD (stable disease) or PD (progressive disease) response, we identified dozens of genes that were expressed differently between the responder (PR) and non-responder (SD or PD) groups. We further selected the nine predictive genes showing the most significant differences and established a numerical prediction scoring system that clearly separated the responder group from the non-responder group. This system accurately predicted the drug responses of all of nine additional test cases that were reserved from the original 29 cases. Moreover, we developed a quantitative PCR-based prediction system that could be feasible for routine clinical use. Our results suggest that the sensitivity of an advanced breast cancer to the neoadjuvant chemotherapy with docetaxel could be predicted by expression patterns in this set of genes.
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Phase II study of 4-weekly capecitabine monotherapy in advanced/metastatic breast cancer.
Breast Cancer
PUBLISHED: 01-11-2009
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A multicenter, phase II study was conducted to evaluate the efficacy and safety of the Japanese intermittent 4-week regimen of capecitabine in patients with advanced/metastatic breast cancer.
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Metronomic oral combination chemotherapy with capecitabine and cyclophosphamide: a phase II study in patients with HER2-negative metastatic breast cancer.
Cancer Chemother. Pharmacol.
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Metronomic combination chemotherapy with the oral fluoropyrimidine doxifluridine/5-deoxy-5-fluorouridine (5 -DFUR) and oral cyclophosphamide (C) showed promising efficacy in a single-arm study. The oral fluoropyrimidine capecitabine was designed to deliver 5-fluorouracil preferentially to tumors, potentially improving efficacy over doxifluridine. We conducted a phase II multicenter study to evaluate an all-oral XC combination in patients with HER2-negative metastatic breast cancer (MBC).
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What is Visualize?

JoVE Visualize is a tool created to match the last 5 years of PubMed publications to methods in JoVE's video library.

How does it work?

We use abstracts found on PubMed and match them to JoVE videos to create a list of 10 to 30 related methods videos.

Video X seems to be unrelated to Abstract Y...

In developing our video relationships, we compare around 5 million PubMed articles to our library of over 4,500 methods videos. In some cases the language used in the PubMed abstracts makes matching that content to a JoVE video difficult. In other cases, there happens not to be any content in our video library that is relevant to the topic of a given abstract. In these cases, our algorithms are trying their best to display videos with relevant content, which can sometimes result in matched videos with only a slight relation.