The treatment strategy for adenocarcinoma of the esophagogastric junction (AEG) remains controversial. In the present study, the recurrence pattern of AEGs according to Siewert's classification after radical resection was reviewed, and predictive factors of recurrence were examined.
The purpose of the present study was to investigate the usefulness of the ternary complex with protamine and ?-polyglutamic acid (?-PGA), which are biodegradable materials for foods and medical products, as a safe gene delivery vector. We formed cationic binary complexes (plasmid DNA (pDNA)/protamine complexes) with high transfection efficiency. The binary complex showed slight toxicity probably related to its total cationic charge. Then, we formed ternary complexes (pDNA/protamine/?-PGA complexes) by addition of anionic polymer, ?-PGA, and they showed no cytotoxicity. The transfection efficiency of the pDNA/protamine/?-PGA complexes was as high as that of the pDNA/protamine complexes, although their zeta potentials were different. Inhibition study of the gene expressions in B16-F10 cells suggested that pDNA/protamine complexes were taken up by caveolae-mediated endocytosis and macropinocytosis. On the other hand, pDNA/protamine/?-PGA complexes were taken up by clathrin-mediated endocytosis and macropinocytosis. Thus, we succeeded in developing the ternary complex as a safe gene delivery vector with biocompatible materials.
We started a multi-year project to collect discharge summaries from multiple hospitals and create a big text database to build a common document vector space, and develop various applications such as the autoselection of the disease. As the first step, we extracted discharge summary from two hospitals. Using a text mining method, we carried out a DPC selection. There was a difference in term structure and number of terms between the discharge summaries from both hospitals. Nevertheless, the selection rate of the disease is resembled closely.
The Community Medical ICT Network service at the Nagasaki, Japan was established in 2009. Medical information network for sharing patients data was investigated focused on the access log data from April of 2009 and October of 2010. The total number of the access to the medical information was 30,914 of 2,213 patients. And the total number of access of the image including diagnostic imaging report, medical examination, treatment and medical documents was 10,278(33.2%), 8,949(28.9%), 6,896(22.3%) and 4,791(15.5%) respectively. These results showed that these medical information had enough valued for sharing in the regional medicine. In conclusion, many types of medical information should be required for sharing in the community medical ICT network in Japan.
We have developed a system for health promotion of regional inhabitants, using CATV network at Tsushima Island in Nagasaki, Japan from 2010 to 2012. This system was provided by five kinds of services such as safety confirmation system, monitoring system of vital signs, sharing system for healthcare information, supervised administration system (compliance check of medicines), and local community TV program. Based on this experience we have been challenging a new trial at Kinkai district in Nagasaki which is aimed to be sustainable and helpful servicesboth for patients and staffs.
Our objective was to describe cases of hyperosmolar hyperglycemic state (HHS) in advanced amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) patients and discuss its pathophysiology. Five ventilator-dependent patients with ALS, with no previous history of diabetes, showed development of marked hyperglycemia (plasma glucose levels of 755-1544 mg/dl) after preceding infectious episodes. All patients had severe generalized muscle wasting and tetraplegia. The initial manifestations of HHS were fever, drowsiness, or polyuria. Hydration and intravenous insulin therapy were markedly effective, resulting in favorable recovery without the necessity of chronic medication for hyperglycemia in all cases. Seventy-five grams oral glucose tolerance tests performed via feeding tubes in two patients after the successful treatment of HHS revealed increased insulin resistance and diminished early-phase insulin secretion with preserved total insulin secretion. In conclusion, a marked loss of skeletal muscle, the largest glucose consumer of the human body, with background abnormality of early-phase insulin secretion, might be a causative factor of HHS in advanced ALS.
We report a 90-year-old man who was given a diagnosis of pleural effusion lymphoma (PEL) based on the detailed immunochemical and DNA analyses of the pleural effusion. He was bed-ridden and on enteral nutrition due to severe Alzheimers disease, and also had diabetes mellitus. He was transferred to our hospital with fever and massive pleural effusion. A cytological examination of the pleural effusion revealed class 5 atypical lymphocytes with a high nucleus/cytoplasm ratio. The origin of the atypical cells could not be determined by flow cytometry of the pleural effusion, which only suggested the existence of inflammatory changes. Considering his general physical status, further investigations were not performed. The respiratory failure progressed, and he died on the 45(th) hospital day. At autopsy, no atypical cells were identified in his organs other than in the right thoracic space. We conducted immunochemical staining after making a cell block from the effusion sample. Most of the atypical cells were CD30 positive, with human herpes virus-8 (HHV-8)-associated protein. A PCR analysis of the immunoglobulin heavy chain gene detected monoclonal rearrangement, thus indicating the atypical cells to be involved in the B-cell lineage. These findings led to a final diagnosis of PEL. PEL is a rare type of lymphoma confined to the body cavities without any prominent tumor mass, and its pathogenesis is related to HHV-8 infection. PEL develops mostly in immunocompromised patients, such as those with AIDS. However, it may also occur in elderly patients as well. We should therefore also consider the possibility of PEL in elderly patients presenting with pleural effusion of unknown origin.
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