NF546 [4,4-(carbonylbis(imino-3,1-phenylene-carbonylimino-3,1-(4-methyl-phenylene)-carbonylimino))-bis(1,3-xylene-alpha,alpha-diphosphonic acid) tetrasodium salt] is a non-nucleotide P2Y11 agonist and stimulates release of interleukin-8 from human monocyt
The G protein-coupled P2Y(11) receptor is involved in immune system modulation. In-depth physiological evaluation is hampered, however, by a lack of selective and potent ligands. By screening a library of sulfonic and phosphonic acid derivatives at P2Y(11) receptors recombinantly expressed in human 1321N1 astrocytoma cells (calcium and cAMP assays), the selective non-nucleotide P2Y(11) agonist NF546 [4,4-(carbonylbis(imino-3,1-phenylene-carbonylimino-3,1-(4-methyl-phenylene)carbonylimino))-bis(1,3-xylene-alpha,alpha-diphosphonic acid) tetrasodium salt] was identified. NF546 had a pEC(50) of 6.27 and is relatively selective for P2Y(11) over P2Y(1), P2Y(2), P2Y(4), P2Y(6), P2Y(12), P2X(1), P2X(2), and P2X(2)-X(3). Adenosine-5-O-(3-thio)triphosphate (ATPgammaS), a nonhydrolyzable analog of the physiological P2Y(11) agonist ATP, and NF546 use a common binding site as suggested by molecular modeling studies and their competitive behavior toward the nanomolar potency antagonist NF340 [4,4-(carbonylbis(imino-3,1-(4-methyl-phenylene)carbonylimino))bis(naphthalene-2,6-disulfonic acid) tetrasodium salt] in Schild analysis. The pA(2) of NF340 was 8.02 against ATPgammaS and 8.04 against NF546 (calcium assays). NF546 was further tested for P2Y(11)-mediated effects in monocyte-derived dendritic cells. Similarly to ATPgammaS, NF546 led to thrombospondin-1 secretion and inhibition of lipopolysaccharide-stimulated interleukin-12 release, whereas NF340 inhibited these effects. Further, for the first time, it was shown that ATPgammaS or NF546 stimulation promotes interleukin 8 (IL-8) release from dendritic cells, which could be inhibited by NF340. In conclusion, we have described the first selective, non-nucleotide agonist NF546 for P2Y(11) receptors in both recombinant and physiological expression systems and could show a P2Y(11)-stimulated IL-8 release, further supporting the immunomodulatory role of P2Y(11) receptors.