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Find video protocols related to scientific articles indexed in Pubmed.
Cytomorphological changes and susceptibility of clinical isolates of Acanthamoeba spp. to heterocyclic alkylphosphocholines.
Exp. Parasitol.
PUBLISHED: 05-14-2014
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The treatment of diseases caused by pathogenic strains of Acanthamoeba spp. is to date limited and frequently unsuccessful. Alkylphosphocholines (APCs) are promising agents with interesting results of antiparasitic activity in experimental and clinical conditions. In the present study susceptibilities of two clinical isolates of Acanthamoeba spp. to four heterocyclic APCs were investigated. The isolates showed high degrees of susceptibility to studied APCs and all the tested concentrations inhibited the growth with the highest concentrations of 500-1000?M causing 100% eradication of the trophozoites and cysts. The highest susceptibility was noted in IF16-P-4-Pip with EC50 values of 28.62-43.73?M, and EC90 values of 30.70-63.16?M after 48h of incubation. The cytomorphological changes of trophozoites after the exposure to APCs included rounding up of cells, resorption of acanthopodia and subsequent lysis. The remains of cells were typical with oval shape and identifiable nucleus. After the application of IF16-P-4-Pip, IF16-P-2-MetPip, and IF16-P-Azep, at concentrations of 62.5-125?M to trophozoite suspension, a formation of pseudocysts was detected. The single-layered coat covering the surface of pseudocyst stained positively with a fluorescence brightener, Rylux. Destroyed cysts were characteristic with shrinkage of the cytoplasm and separation of the cytoplasmic membrane from the endocyst. IF16-P-2-MetPip at the highest concentration formed large spherical vesicles which frequently enclosed inactivated cysts. Heterocyclic APCs used in the study demonstrated strong amoebicidal activity and the cytotoxic effect of IF16-P-4-Pip similar to that of miltefosine indicates its possible therapeutic potential.
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Enantiopurity analysis of new types of acyclic nucleoside phosphonates by capillary electrophoresis with cyclodextrins as chiral selectors.
J Sep Sci
PUBLISHED: 10-03-2013
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CE methods have been developed for the chiral analysis of new types of six acyclic nucleoside phosphonates, nucleotide analogs bearing [(3-hydroxypropan-2-yl)-1H-1,2,3-triazol-4-yl]phosphonic acid, 2-[(diisopropoxyphosphonyl)methoxy]propanoic acid, or 2-(phosphonomethoxy)propanoic acid moieties attached to adenine, guanine, 2,6-diaminopurine, uracil, and 5-bromouracil nucleobases, using neutral and cationic cyclodextrins as chiral selectors. With the exception of the 5-bromouracil-derived acyclic nucleoside phosphonate with a 2-(phosphonomethoxy)propanoic acid side chain, the R and S enantiomers of the other five acyclic nucleoside phosphonates were successfully separated with sufficient resolutions, 1.51-2.94, within a reasonable time, 13-28 min, by CE in alkaline BGEs (50 mM sodium tetraborate adjusted with NaOH to pH 9.60, 9.85, and 10.30, respectively) containing 20 mg/mL ?-cyclodextrin as the chiral selector. A baseline separation of the R and S enantiomers of the 5-bromouracil-derived acyclic nucleoside phosphonate with 2-(phosphonomethoxy)propanoic acid side chain was achieved within a short time of 7 min by CE in an acidic BGE (20:40 mM Tris/phosphate, pH 2.20) using 60 mg/mL quaternary ammonium ?-cyclodextrin chiral selector. The developed methods were applied for the assessment of the enantiomeric purity of the above acyclic nucleoside phosphonates. The preparations of all these compounds were found to be synthesized in pure enantiomeric forms. Using UV absorption detection at 206 nm, their concentration detection limits were in the low micromolar range.
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Synthesis, self-aggregation and biological properties of alkylphosphocholine and alkylphosphohomocholine derivatives of cetyltrimethylammonium bromide, cetylpyridinium bromide, benzalkonium bromide (C16) and benzethonium chloride.
Eur J Med Chem
PUBLISHED: 02-04-2013
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A series of alkylphosphocholine and alkylphosphohomocholine derivatives of cetyltrimethylammonium bromide, cetylpyridinium bromide, benzalkonium bromide (C16) and benzethonium chloride have been synthesized. Their physicochemical properties were also investigated. The critical micelle concentration (cmc), the surface tension value at the cmc (?cmc), and the surface area at the surface saturation per head group (Acmc) were determined by means of surface tension measurements. The prepared compounds exhibit significant cytotoxic, antifungal and antiprotozoal activities. Alkylphosphocholines and alkylphosphohomocholines possess higher antifungal activity against Candida albicans in comparison with quaternary ammonium compounds in general. However, quaternary ammonium compounds exhibit significantly higher activity against human tumor cells and pathogenic free-living amoebae Acanthamoeba lugdunensis and Acanthamoeba quina compared to alkylphosphocholines. The relationship between structure, physicochemical properties and biological activity of the tested compounds is discussed.
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Relationship between aggregation properties and antimicrobial activities of alkylphosphocholines with branched alkyl chains.
Int J Pharm
PUBLISHED: 08-30-2011
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Synthesis of five alkylphosphocholines with branched alkyl chains (Isophol-PCs) with different length of alkyl chains was described. Isophol(8)-PC and Isophol(12)-PC represent new compounds. The physico-chemical properties of Isophol-PCs were determined, critical micelle concentration and types of formed aggregates in aqueous solutions were investigated. The biological activities of Isophol-PCs have been studied for the first time in the present study. Antimicrobial activities of alkylphosphocholines were studied against bacteria (Staphylococcus aureus, Escherichia coli), yeast (Candida albicans) and pathogenic free-living amoebae (Acanthamoeba lugdunensis and Acanthamoeba quina). A. lugdunensis and A. quina are relatively insusceptible to action of miltefosine (standard compound of alkylphosphocholines) and therefore they are good models for studies of amoebicidal action of the investigated compounds. Relationship between structure, physico-chemical and biological activities of Isophol-PCs was discussed. S. aureus and C. albicans were sensitive to action of Isophol(16)-PC, Isophol(20)-PC. E. coli was not sensitive to action of all studied alkylphosphocholines in the concentrations equal to, or less than 10mM. Among all the synthesized compounds, Isophol(16)-PC had the highest level of activity against both strains of Acanthamoeba. The minimum trophocidal concentrations of Isophol(16)-PC against A. lugdunensis and A. quina are about four times lower than the minimum trophocidal concentrations of miltefosine against both strains.
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[Analytical evaluation of mono[{3-[4-(2-etoxyetoxy)-benzoyloxy]-2-hydroxypropyl}-isopropylammonium]fumarate].
Ceska Slov Farm
PUBLISHED: 06-10-2011
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The present paper deals with a complex spectral and physicochemical evaluation of mono[{3-[4-(2-etoxyetoxy)-benzoyloxy]-2-hydroxypropyl}-isopropylammonium]fumarate, a potential ultrashort acting beta1-blocker. The identity of the substance under study (labelled as UPB-1) was confirmed by 1H- and 13C-NMR spectra as well as IR spectrometry. The determined fundamental physicochemical characteristics included the determination of the melting point, solubility in a spectrum of solvents, verification of purity (adsorption thin-layer chromatography), determination of surface activity (Traubes stalagmometric method), acidobasic characteristics (pK(a) value by means of alkalimetric titration), determination of log epsilon values using spectrophotometry in UV/VIS region, as well as the evaluation of the effect of acid and basic media on the stability of the substance under the study. Other experimentally determined parameters were lipohydrophilic characteristics essayed by means of RP-HPLC (log k), and the shake-flask method was employed to determine the values of the partition coefficients P(exp) (resp. log P(exp)) in different lipohydrophilic media. On the basis of log P(exp-) data, the ability of the substance to penetrate the hematoencephalic barrier was predicted. To determine the UPB-1 content, RP-HPLC (reversed-phase HPLC) method of the internal standard and UV/VIS spectrophotometry at the wavelength of 260 nm (aqueous medium) and 258 nm (methanol medium) were used.
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Solubilisation of griseofulvin and rutin in aqueous micellar solutions of gemini and heterogemini surfactants and their mixtures.
Eur J Pharm Sci
PUBLISHED: 03-30-2011
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The solubilisation of two natural compounds, griseofulvin and rutin, in micellar solutions of mixtures of gemini (N,N-didecyl-N,N,N,N-tetramethylethane-1,2-diyldiammonium dibromide) and heterogemini (decyl 2-[decyl(dimethyl)ammonio]ethylphosphate) surfactants has been studied. The highest solubilisation capacities were found for mixtures with a molar fraction of heterogemini surfactant equal or greater than the molar fraction of gemini surfactant. The relationship between synergism in surface properties of mixtures of surfactants and their solubilisation properties was also investigated.
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Surface-active properties of nitrogen heterocyclic and dialkylamino derivates of hexadecylphosphocholine and cetyltrimethylammonium bromide.
J Colloid Interface Sci
PUBLISHED: 03-17-2010
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The physico-chemical properties of dialkylamino and nitrogen heterocyclic analogues of hexadecylphosphocholine (HPC) and cetyltrimethylammonium bromide (CTAB) were investigated. The surface properties, such as the critical micelle concentration (cmc), the surface tension value at the cmc (gamma(cmc)), and the surface area at the surface saturation per head group (A(cmc)) were determined by means of surface tension measurements. Micelle size was determined using the dynamic light scattering method. The influence of dialkylamino groups and heterocyclic ring size on surface-active properties was investigated. Surface activity and micellar size of prepared analogues of HPC and CTAB were mutually compared.
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Synthesis and biological activity of dialkylphosphocholines.
Bioorg. Med. Chem. Lett.
PUBLISHED: 07-21-2009
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A series of dialkylphosphocholines were prepared and evaluated for their biological activity. The antiprotozoal activity was determined against Acanthamoeba lugdunensis. Compound 15 exhibited excellent trophocidal activity. None of the tested dialkylphosphocholines exhibited better fungicidal activity against Candida albicans than miltefosine. The antineoplastic activity was determined against HeLa. The most cytotoxic was compound 10, which was more active against tumor cells as against normal cells.
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Dialkylamino and nitrogen heterocyclic analogues of hexadecylphosphocholine and cetyltrimetylammonium bromide: effect of phosphate group and environment of the ammonium cation on their biological activity.
Eur J Med Chem
PUBLISHED: 03-18-2009
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A series of dialkylamino and nitrogen heterocyclic analogues of hexadecylphosphocholine and cetyltrimethylammonium bromide have been synthesized. The prepared compounds exhibit significant cytotoxic, antifungal and antiprotozoal activities. Alkylphosphocholines possess higher antifungal activity against Candida albicans in comparison with quaternary ammonium compounds. However, quaternary ammonium compounds exhibit significant higher activity against human tumor cells and Acanthamoeba lugdunensis compared to alkylphosphocholines. In addition, their haemolytic toxicity has been investigated. The relationship between structure and biological activity of the tested compounds is discussed.
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[Analytical profile of mono[{3-[4-(2-ethoxyethoxy)-benzoyloxy]-2-hydroxypropyl}-tert-butylammonium] fumarate].
Ceska Slov Farm
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The present paper aims at a complex spectral and physicochemical evaluation of mono[{3-[4-(2-eth-oxyethoxy)-benzoyloxy]-2-hydroxypropyl)-tert-butyl-ammonium] fumarate, the potential ultra-short acting blocker of beta1-adrenergic receptors. The identity of the evaluated compound (labelled as UPB-2) was confirmed by 1H-, 13C-NMR and IR spectral data as well. The estimated physicochemical parameters included melting point data, solubility in various media, purity checking (adsorption thin-layer chromatography), surface activity determination (non-direct Traube stalagmometric method), acidobasic characteristics (pKa value determination by alkalimetric titration), log epsilon values estimation (spectrophotometrically in UV/VIS region) and a study of the influence of acidic and alkaline media towards the stability of UPB-2. Other experimentally estimated values were lipohydrophilic descriptors using RP-HPLC (log k) and the log PexpS in various lipohydrophilic media by the shake flask method. Based on the log Pexp readouts, the ability to permeate across the brain-blood barrier was predicted. For the content determination of UBP-2 the RP-HPLC (reversed-phase HPLC), the method of an internal standard and UV/VIS spectrophotometry at the wavelength of 260 nm (aqueous medium) and at 258 nm (methanolic medium) was applied.
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