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Find video protocols related to scientific articles indexed in Pubmed.
Differential expression and pharmacology of native P2X receptors in rat and primate sensory neurons.
J. Neurosci.
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Evidence suggesting the involvement of P2X2 and P2X3 in chronic pain has been obtained mostly from rodent models. Here we show that rodents may be poor predictors of P2X3 pharmacology in human. We demonstrate that monkey and human dorsal root ganglion (DRG) neurons do not express appreciable levels of P2X2 subunit, contrary to rat sensory neurons. Additionally, we report functional P2X3 activity in monkey DRG neurons and confirm the absence of functional P2X2/3 receptors. Interestingly, native P2X3 receptors in rat and monkey DRGs show similar agonist potency, but different antagonist potencies for TNP-ATP [2-O-(2,4,6-trinitrophenyl)-ATP] and RO51. This unexpected difference in antagonist potency was confirmed by comparing rat and human P2X3 receptors in HEK293 cells. Mutagenesis studies reveal that two extracellular residues, A197 and T202, are synergistically responsible for the potency drop in primate P2X3 receptors. These results uncover species-specific P2X3 pharmacology and identify key mechanisms impacting the translatability of potential analgesics targeting P2X3 receptors.
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N-Methyl-3-(tetrahydro-2H-pyran-4-yl)-2,3,4,9-tetrahydro-1H-carbazole-6-carboxamides as a novel class of cannabinoid receptors agonists with low CNS penetration.
Bioorg. Med. Chem. Lett.
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Cannabinoid CB(1) receptor agonists exhibit potent analgesic effects in rodents and humans, but their clinical utility as analgesic drugs is often limited by centrally mediated side effects. We report herein the preparation of N-methyl-3-(tetrahydro-2H-pyran-4-yl)-2,3,4,9-tetrahydro-1H-carbazole-6-carboxamides as a novel class of hCB(1)/hCB(2) dual agonists with attractive physicochemical properties. More specifically, (R)-N,9-dimethyl-N-(4-(methylamino)-4-oxobutyl)-3-(tetrahydro-2H-pyran-4-yl)-2,3,4,9-tetrahydro-1H-carbazole-6-carboxamide, displayed an extremely low level of CNS penetration (Rat Cbr/Cplasma=0.005 or 0.5%) and was devoid of CNS side effects during pharmaco-dynamic testing.
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What is Visualize?

JoVE Visualize is a tool created to match the last 5 years of PubMed publications to methods in JoVE's video library.

How does it work?

We use abstracts found on PubMed and match them to JoVE videos to create a list of 10 to 30 related methods videos.

Video X seems to be unrelated to Abstract Y...

In developing our video relationships, we compare around 5 million PubMed articles to our library of over 4,500 methods videos. In some cases the language used in the PubMed abstracts makes matching that content to a JoVE video difficult. In other cases, there happens not to be any content in our video library that is relevant to the topic of a given abstract. In these cases, our algorithms are trying their best to display videos with relevant content, which can sometimes result in matched videos with only a slight relation.