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Find video protocols related to scientific articles indexed in Pubmed.
Mobile-bearing prosthesis and intraoperative gap balancing are not predictors of superior knee flexion: a prospective randomized study.
Knee Surg Sports Traumatol Arthrosc
PUBLISHED: 01-06-2014
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Range of motion is a crucial measure of the outcome of total knee arthroplasty. Gap balancing technique and mobile-bearing prosthesis can improve postoperative range of motion. The purpose of this study was to determine the factors that are predictive of the postoperative range of motion.
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No difference in in vivo polyethylene wear particles between oxidized zirconium and cobalt-chromium femoral component in total knee arthroplasty.
Knee Surg Sports Traumatol Arthrosc
PUBLISHED: 04-11-2013
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Polyethylene wear particle generation is one of the most important factors affecting mid- to long-term results of total knee arthroplasties. Oxidized zirconium was introduced as a material for femoral components to reduce polyethylene wear generation. However, an in vivo advantage of oxidized zirconium on polyethylene wear particle generation is still controversial. The purpose of this study was to compare in vivo polyethylene wear particles between oxidized zirconium total knee prosthesis and conventional cobalt-chromium (Co-Cr) total knee prosthesis.
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Porous tantalum tibial component prevents periprosthetic loss of bone mineral density after total knee arthroplasty for five years-a matched cohort study.
J Arthroplasty
PUBLISHED: 02-27-2013
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In 21 knees receiving porous tantalum tibial component and 21 knees receiving a cemented cobalt-chromium tibial component, dual x-ray absorptiometry scans were performed for five years post-operatively. The postoperative decrease in the bone mineral density in the lateral aspect of the tibia was significantly less in knees with porous tantalum tibial components (11.6%) than in knees with cemented cobalt-chromium tibial components (29.6%) at five years (p < 0.05). No prosthetic migration or periprosthetic fracture was detected in either group. The present study is one of the studies with the longest follow-up period on bone mineral density after total knee arthroplasty. Porous tantalum tibial component has a favorable effect on the bone mineral density of the proximal tibia after total knee arthroplasty up to five years.
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Mid-term clinical results of alumina medial pivot total knee arthroplasty.
Knee Surg Sports Traumatol Arthrosc
PUBLISHED: 05-12-2011
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The medial pivot total knee prosthesis has been designed to reproduce physiological knee kinematics. It has been reported that alumina ceramic femoral components reduce polyethylene wear. Thus, medial pivot total knee prostheses with alumina ceramic femoral components were introduced. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the clinical results of patients who underwent newly introduced alumina medial pivot total knee arthroplasties (TKA).
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Sagittal alignment of the lower extremity while standing in female.
Knee Surg Sports Traumatol Arthrosc
PUBLISHED: 03-29-2010
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There is only limited information available on the sagittal alignment of the lower extremity of normal subjects under weight-bearing conditions. Our aim was to determine the sagittal alignment of the lower extremity under such conditions. Anteroposterior and lateral radiographs were taken of the 20 lower extremities of 20 healthy female volunteers while standing. The coronal mechanical axis passed through 29% medial to the proximal tibial articulating surface. The sagittal mechanical axis passed through 44% anterior to the distal femoral condyle and 33% anterior to the proximal tibial articulating surface, and also passed 3 mm anterior to the intercondylar notch. Our study showed that the coronal and sagittal mechanical axes of the lower extremity do not always pass through the center of the knee. Our results will provide important information for alignment in surgery of lower extremity such as knee arthroplasty and osteotomy.
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Comparison of bone mineral density between porous tantalum and cemented tibial total knee arthroplasty components.
J Bone Joint Surg Am
PUBLISHED: 03-03-2010
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Porous tantalum was recently introduced as a metallic implant material for total knee arthroplasty. Its porosity, low modulus of elasticity, and high frictional characteristics were expected to provide physiologic load transfer and relative preservation of bone stock. However, to our knowledge, the effect of a Trabecular Metal tibial component on bone mineral density has not been reported. The purpose of the present study was to compare the periprosthetic bone mineral density between patients managed with uncemented Trabecular Metal and cemented tibial components.
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The risk of notching the anterior femoral cortex with the use of navigation systems in total knee arthroplasty.
Knee Surg Sports Traumatol Arthrosc
PUBLISHED: 06-08-2009
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Use of navigation systems has recently been introduced in total knee arthroplasty (TKA) to achieve more reliable prosthetic alignment. In the sagittal plane, there are two important requirements for navigation systems: (1) perpendicular cut to the femoral mechanical axis and (2) prevention of notching of anterior femoral cortex. These two requirements, however, may conflict. The angles between the line of the anterior femoral cortex and four sagittal femoral mechanical axes for navigation systems using radiographs of the entire lower extremity, while standing were measured and compared. These four sagittal axes simulated on the radiographs in navigation systems were in extension relative to the line of the anterior femoral cortex in 40-85% of cases in male and 65-100% in elderly female. The present study showed that navigation systems have the potential risk for notching of anterior femoral cortex.
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The flexion gap preparation does not disturb the modified gap technique in posterior stabilized total knee arthroplasty.
Knee
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Preparation of the flexion gap (resection of the posterior femoral condyle and removal of the osteophytes on the posterior aspect of the femur to re-establish the posterior capsular recess) during modified gap technique might change the soft-tissue balancing and disturb the preparation of equal and rectangular extension and flexion joint gaps. The purpose of this study was to measure the change in the extension and flexion gaps using tension device during posterior stabilized TKA with modified gap technique.
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Conventional or navigated total knee arthroplasty affects sagittal component alignment.
Knee Surg Sports Traumatol Arthrosc
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Navigation systems have recently been developed to achieve highly reliable prosthetic alignment in total knee arthroplasty (TKA). However, component alignment in the sagittal plane is less reliable than that in the coronal plane even when navigation systems are used. Previous reports examining men showed differences in targeted sagittal prosthetic alignments of TKA achieved using the conventional technique and various navigation systems. However, there have been few studies examining the use of this technique in women, who are the primary candidates for TKA.
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What is Visualize?

JoVE Visualize is a tool created to match the last 5 years of PubMed publications to methods in JoVE's video library.

How does it work?

We use abstracts found on PubMed and match them to JoVE videos to create a list of 10 to 30 related methods videos.

Video X seems to be unrelated to Abstract Y...

In developing our video relationships, we compare around 5 million PubMed articles to our library of over 4,500 methods videos. In some cases the language used in the PubMed abstracts makes matching that content to a JoVE video difficult. In other cases, there happens not to be any content in our video library that is relevant to the topic of a given abstract. In these cases, our algorithms are trying their best to display videos with relevant content, which can sometimes result in matched videos with only a slight relation.