JoVE Visualize What is visualize?
Stop Reading. Start Watching.
Advanced Search
Stop Reading. Start Watching.
Regular Search
Find video protocols related to scientific articles indexed in Pubmed.
Diagnostic performance of serum high-sensitivity procalcitonin and serum C-reactive protein tests for detecting bacterial infection in febrile neutropenia.
Infection
PUBLISHED: 06-26-2014
Show Abstract
Hide Abstract
Although a few prospective studies have addressed the question as to which biomarker of infection in adult patients with febrile neutropenia (FN) is superior, procalcitonin (PCT) or C-reactive protein (CRP), the results have been inconsistent and inconclusive. This was possibly due to the poor sensitivity of previous PCT tests that have a functional sensitivity of 0.5 ng/ml.
Related JoVE Video
Prognostic factors and outcomes of unrelated bone marrow transplantation for Philadelphia chromosome positive acute lymphoblastic leukemia (Ph+ALL) pre-treated with tyrosine kinase inhibitors.
Osaka City Med J
PUBLISHED: 08-06-2013
Show Abstract
Hide Abstract
The treatment and prognosis of Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia (ALL), including Philadelphia chromosome positive ALL (Ph+ALL), a poor prognostic factor, has changed with the introduction of tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKIs). Nevertheless, allogeneic hematopoietic cell transplantation (allo-HCT) is still recommended as the first-line curative treatment. To date, no study has investigated the prognostic factors and outcomes of unrelated bone marrow transplantation (u-BMT) for Ph+ALL following pre-transplant treatment with a TKI-containing regimen.
Related JoVE Video
[Acute transverse myelitis after allogeneic bone marrow transplantation for acute lymphoblastic leukemia--a case report].
Gan To Kagaku Ryoho
PUBLISHED: 07-16-2013
Show Abstract
Hide Abstract
Transverse myelitis is an inflammatory disorder of the spinal cord that results in motor, sensory, and autonomic dysfunction. Herein, we describe a 40-year-old Japanese female who developed acute transverse myelitis (ATM) after an unrelated bone marrow transplantation for Philadelphia-positive acute lymphoblastic leukemia in molecular complete remission. Approximately 90 days after transplantation, she suffered from paresthesias, sphincter dysfunction, and lower extremity weakness. Spinal cord magnetic resonance imaging scan demonstrated findings consistent with ATM. The symptoms were resolved with the administration of steroids, followed by intravenous immunoglobulin therapy for a few sequelae. To the best of our knowledge, the presentation of ATM after hematopoietic stem cell transplantation is relatively rare. As the functional prognosis of ATM depends on prompt diagnosis and treatment, we consider that ATM should be included in the differential diagnosis of post-transplant myelopathies.
Related JoVE Video
Refractoriness to platelet transfusion in acute myeloid leukemia correlated with the optical density of anti-platelet factor 4/heparin antibodies.
Int. J. Hematol.
PUBLISHED: 01-15-2013
Show Abstract
Hide Abstract
A small number of reports have described cases of heparin-induced thrombocytopenia complicating hematological disorders with impaired platelet production. We describe the case of a 66-year-old woman with acute myeloid leukemia who exhibited unexplained refractoriness to platelet transfusion, while receiving heparin flushes, and was found to have anti-platelet factor 4 (PF4)/heparin antibodies with high optical density (OD) values (>2 units) detected by an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. After cessation of heparin flushes, her refractoriness to platelet transfusion resolved. We retrospectively confirmed that the OD values for anti-PF4/heparin antibodies declined gradually; refractoriness to platelet transfusion resolved when the OD values fell below 1.0 units. Given the absence of any other evident explanation for this phenomenon, and the correlation between the OD values for anti-PF4/heparin antibodies and the efficacy of platelet transfusions, we conclude that the patients refractoriness to platelet transfusion was most likely caused by anti-PF4/heparin antibodies that had platelet-activating properties.
Related JoVE Video
[Membranous nephropathy with nephrotic syndrome developed after allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation for acute lymphoblastic leukemia].
Rinsho Ketsueki
PUBLISHED: 08-09-2011
Show Abstract
Hide Abstract
A 38-year-old man was diagnosed with acute lymphoblastic leukemia. We performed myeloablative bone marrow transplantation from an unrelated donor during the patients first complete remission. After engraftment, he developed acute graft-versus-host disease involving the gastrointestinal tract on day 32. Steroids and mycophenolate mofetil were initiated from day 39. His symptoms improved and the dose of immunosuppressants was tapered and then discontinued on day 421. On day 491, he developed nephrotic syndrome (NS). Based on renal biopsy, membranous nephropathy was diagnosed. There were no apparent symptoms or abnormal laboratory data suggestive of chronic graft-versus-host disease (cGVHD). Steroid therapy was initiated from day 518 and proteinuria improved significantly. NS is very rare following allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT). When there is no concomitant cGVHD, as in this case, allo-HSCT-associated NS is difficult to distinguish from idiopathic NS.
Related JoVE Video
Reduced-intensity conditioning by fludarabine/busulfan without additional irradiation or T-cell depletion leads to low non-relapse mortality in unrelated bone marrow transplantation.
Int. J. Hematol.
PUBLISHED: 02-22-2011
Show Abstract
Hide Abstract
In reduced intensity, allogeneic stem cell transplantation from unrelated donors (u-RIST), graft-versus-host disease (GVHD), graft failure, and non-relapse mortality (NRM) are persistent problems. Although anti-thymocyte globulin, alemtuzumab, and total body irradiation (TBI) have been explored as conditioning modalities for u-RIST, the necessity for T-cell depletion or TBI to prevent GVHD or facilitate engraftment in u-RIST has not been determined. We here report the use of u-RIST with bone marrow grafting, following a simple conditioning regimen of 180 mg/m(2) fludarabine and 8 mg/kg of oral or intravenous busulfan without TBI or T-cell depletion. The study population was exclusively Japanese patients with a history of prior chemotherapy. We retrospectively analyzed 31 consecutive patients (median age 53 years). Twenty-five patients (81%) were transplanted from HLA-A, -B, and -DRB1 allele-matched donors. In all patients, neutrophil engraftment was achieved. The cumulative incidence of grade II-IV acute GVHD was 42%. However, 77% of patients with acute GVHD improved with, and could be managed by, initial, systemic, high-dose steroid treatment alone. Two-year overall and event-free survival was 62 and 53%, respectively. The NRM of 10% at 2 years was relatively low. Our results suggest that u-RIST without TBI or T-cell depletion may improve the prognosis after u-RIST in certain patient populations.
Related JoVE Video
Related JoVE Video
Serum cytokine profiles at the onset of severe, diffuse alveolar hemorrhage complicating allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation, treated successfully with pulse intravenous cyclophosphamide.
Acta Haematol.
PUBLISHED: 04-15-2010
Show Abstract
Hide Abstract
A 59-year-old man with lymphoma-type adult T-cell leukemia/lymphoma was admitted to hospital for treatment of a skin relapse on day 398 after allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT). To induce a graft-versus-adult T-cell leukemia/lymphoma effect, we discontinued methylprednisolone and tacrolimus. About a month after the discontinuation, he developed grade II acute graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) with a high fever. Soon after the development of GVHD, all the skin lesions regressed in size and finally vanished. However, he developed diffuse alveolar hemorrhage (DAH), which was resistant to high-dose corticosteroid therapy. He was intubated for respiratory insufficiency on day 451. Cyclophosphamide pulse therapy was administered at a dose of 1 g per day for 2 days and his oxygen saturation then improved, and ventilatory support was released on day 465. On analysis of cytokine profiles at the onset of DAH, we found elevated serum levels of T-helper 2 cytokines as well as T-helper 1 cytokines, suggesting that both T-helper 1 and T-helper 2 cytokines might play a role in the occurrence of DAH following allo-HSCT. Pulse cyclophosphamide treatment might be very effective in suppressing the exaggerated allogeneic immune response in DAH.
Related JoVE Video
[Epstein-Barr virus-associated post-transplant lymphoproliferative disorder diagnosed by the episode of intestinal perforation following allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation].
Rinsho Ketsueki
PUBLISHED: 01-20-2010
Show Abstract
Hide Abstract
A 64-year-old man was diagnosed as having acute myeloid leukemia. We performed sequential treatment with chemotherapy and reduced-intensity stem cell transplantation from an unrelated donor while the patient was in partial remission. After engraftment, he developed acute graft-versus-host disease of the gut on day 42 and steroid therapy was started. Despite transient aggravation of diarrhea, his symptoms slowly improved and the dose of steroid was tapered. On day 159, he complained of acute left lower abdominal pain. A CT scan showed perforation of the digestive tract and ileectomy was performed. At surgery, multiple ulcers of the intestine were found and one of the ulcers was perforated. Pathologically, transmural and diffuse proliferation of atypical cells in the ulcer were confirmed. Since these cells were positive for CD20 and Epstein-Barr-virus (EBV) encoded RNA, we made a diagnosis of EBV-associated post-transplant lymphoproliferative disorder (PTLD). Reduction in the dose of immunosuppressive agents and rituximab led to complete remission of PTLD. PTLD after allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT) is relatively rare, and the development of gastrointestinal perforation after allo-HSCT is very rare.
Related JoVE Video
Impact of relative dose intensity (RDI) in CHOP combined with rituximab (R-CHOP) on survival in diffuse large B-cell lymphoma.
J. Exp. Clin. Cancer Res.
PUBLISHED: 05-01-2009
Show Abstract
Hide Abstract
Recently, maintaining higher relative dose intensity (RDI) of chemotherapeutic drugs has become a widespread practice in an attempt to achieve better outcomes in the treatment of aggressive lymphoma. The addition of rituximab to chemotherapy regimens has significantly improved outcome in diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBL). However, it is unknown if higher RDI in chemotherapy when combined with rituximab leads to a better outcome in aggressive B-cell lymphoma.
Related JoVE Video
Cardiac and autonomic nerve function after reduced-intensity stem cell transplantation for hematologic malignancy in patients with pre-transplant cardiac dysfunction.
Ann. Hematol.
PUBLISHED: 01-06-2009
Show Abstract
Hide Abstract
Recent reports have shown that cardiomyopathy caused by hemochromatosis in severe aplastic anemia is reversible after reduced-intensity allogeneic stem-cell transplantation (RIST). We comprehensively evaluated cardiac and autonomic nerve function to determine whether cardiac dysfunction due to causes other than hemochromatosis is attenuated after RIST. In five patients with cardiac dysfunction before transplant, we analyzed the changes in cardiac and autonomic nerve function after transplant, using electrocardiography (ECG), echocardiography, radionuclide angiography (RNA), serum markers, and heart rate variability (HRV), before and up to 100 days after transplant. There was no significant improvement in cardiac function in any patient and no significant alteration in ECG, echocardiogram, RNA, or serum markers. However, on time-domain analysis of HRV, the SD of normal-to-normal RR intervals (SDNN) and the coefficient of variation of the RR interval (CVRR) decreased significantly 30 and 60 days after transplant (P = 0.04 and 0.01, respectively). Similarly, on frequency-domain analysis of HRV, low and high frequency power (LF and HF) significantly and temporarily decreased (P = 0.003 and 0.03, respectively). Notably, in one patient who had acute heart failure after transplantation, the values of SDNN, CVRR, r-MSSD, LF, and HF at 30 and 60 days after transplantation were the lowest of all the patients. In conclusion, this study suggests that (a) RIST is well-tolerated in patients with cardiac dysfunction, but we cannot expect improvement in cardiac dysfunction due to causes other than hemochromatosis; and (b) monitoring HRV may be useful in predicting cardiac events after RIST.
Related JoVE Video
Prolonged sinus tachycardia caused by human herpesvirus 6 (HHV6) encephalomyelitis after allogeneic bone marrow transplantation.
Intern. Med.
Show Abstract
Hide Abstract
A 19-year-old man with Philadelphia chromosome-positive acute lymphoblastic leukemia received an allogeneic hematopoietic cell transplant with unrelated bone marrow. On day 20, the patient developed impaired consciousness and disorientation. Examination of the cerebrospinal fluid showed 2×10(4) copies/mL of HHV6B. HHV6 encephalitis was diagnosed, as had HHV6 myelitis based on symptoms that included lancinating pain/pruritus in the lower limbs and dysuria/dyschezia. Concurrently, he showed sinus tachycardia. Even after clearance of the HHV6 genome from the plasma and CSF was achieved by treatment with foscarnet, sinus tachycardia persisted for another 100 days. We suspected prolonged sinus tachycardia due to dysautonomia caused by HHV6 encephalomyelitis.
Related JoVE Video
Eosinophilia, regardless of degree, is related to better outcomes after allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation.
Intern. Med.
Show Abstract
Hide Abstract
Several recent studies report that, after allogeneic hematopoietic cell transplantation (allo-HCT), eosinophilia is a favorable factor for transplant outcomes. However, whether the degree of eosinophilia influences transplant outcomes is yet to be established.
Related JoVE Video

What is Visualize?

JoVE Visualize is a tool created to match the last 5 years of PubMed publications to methods in JoVE's video library.

How does it work?

We use abstracts found on PubMed and match them to JoVE videos to create a list of 10 to 30 related methods videos.

Video X seems to be unrelated to Abstract Y...

In developing our video relationships, we compare around 5 million PubMed articles to our library of over 4,500 methods videos. In some cases the language used in the PubMed abstracts makes matching that content to a JoVE video difficult. In other cases, there happens not to be any content in our video library that is relevant to the topic of a given abstract. In these cases, our algorithms are trying their best to display videos with relevant content, which can sometimes result in matched videos with only a slight relation.