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Find video protocols related to scientific articles indexed in Pubmed.
KML001 inhibits cell proliferation and invasion in pancreatic cancer cells through suppression of NF-?B and VEGF-C.
Anticancer Res.
PUBLISHED: 07-02-2014
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Pancreatic cancer is an aggressive malignancy with poor prognosis and the efficacy of chemotherapy is limited. KML001 (sodium meta-arsenite) has been demonstrated to have anticancer activity against some solid cancer cells. The aim of the present study was to determine the effect of KML001 on cell proliferation, migration, and invasion of pancreatic cancer cells. The Dojindo Cell Counting Kit-8 assay was used to determine the inhibition of pancreatic cancer cell proliferation by drugs. Cell migration and invasion were examined using 24-well inserts and Matrigel™-coated invasion chambers. The activity of nuclear factor-kappa B (NF-?B) p65, vascular endothelial growth factor-C (VEGF-C), and matrix metalloproteinase-9 (MMP-9) were measured by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). KML001 inhibited the proliferation of pancreatic cancer cells in a dose- and time-dependent manner. KML001 also inhibited the migration and invasion of pancreatic cancer cells in a dose-dependent manner. KML001 significantly decreased NF-?B p65 and VEGF-C activities in the pancreatic cancer cells. KML001 inhibited cell proliferation, migration, and invasion in pancreatic cancer cells. Suppression of NF-?B and VEGF-C activation may partly be associated with the anticancer activity of KML001. These results suggest that KML001 could be a novel potential therapeutic agent for treatment of pancreatic cancer.
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Association between markers of glucose metabolism and risk of colorectal adenoma.
Gastroenterology
PUBLISHED: 02-27-2014
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Diabetes is a risk factor for colorectal cancer. We studied the association between markers of glucose metabolism and metabolic syndrome and the presence of colorectal adenomas in a large number of asymptomatic men and women attending a health screening program in South Korea. We also investigated whether these associations depend on adenoma location.
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The prevalence of colorectal adenomas in asymptomatic Korean men and women.
Cancer Epidemiol. Biomarkers Prev.
PUBLISHED: 01-17-2014
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Colorectal cancer incidence is rapidly rising in many Asian countries, with rates approaching those of Western countries. This study aimed to evaluate the prevalence and trends of colorectal adenomas by age, sex, and risk strata in asymptomatic Koreans.
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CD133-targeted niche-dependent therapy in cancer: a multipronged approach.
Am. J. Pathol.
PUBLISHED: 01-05-2014
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Cancer treatment continues to be challenged by the development of therapeutic resistances and relapses in the clinical setting, which are largely attributed to tumor heterogeneity, particularly the existence of cancer stem cells (CSCs). Thus, targeting the CSC subpopulation may represent an effective therapeutic strategy. However, despite advances in identifying and characterizing CD133(+) CSCs in various human cancers, efforts to translate these experimental findings to clinical modalities have been slow in the making, especially in light of the growing awareness of CSC plasticity and the foreseeable pitfall of therapeutically targeting CSC base sorely on a surface marker. We, and others, have demonstrated that the CD133(+) CSCs reside in complex vascular niches, where reciprocal signaling between the CD133(+) CSCs and their microenvironment may govern niche morphogenesis and homeostasis. Herein, we discuss the multifaceted functional role of the CD133(+) cells in the context of their niche, and the potential of targeting CD133 as a niche-dependent approach in effective therapy.
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Negative density dependence regulates two tree species at later life stage in a temperate forest.
PLoS ONE
PUBLISHED: 01-01-2014
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Numerous studies have demonstrated that tree survival is influenced by negative density dependence (NDD) and differences among species in shade tolerance could enhance coexistence via resource partitioning, but it is still unclear how NDD affects tree species with different shade-tolerance guilds at later life stages. In this study, we analyzed the spatial patterns for trees with dbh (diameter at breast height) ?2 cm using the pair-correlation g(r) function to test for NDD in a temperate forest in South Korea after removing the effects of habitat heterogeneity. The analyses were implemented for the most abundant shade-tolerant (Chamaecyparis obtusa) and shade-intolerant (Quercus serrata) species. We found NDD existed for both species at later life stages. We also found Quercus serrata experienced greater NDD compared with Chamaecyparis obtusa. This study indicates that NDD regulates the two abundant tree species at later life stages and it is important to consider variation in species' shade tolerance in NDD study.
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The association between cecal insertion time and colorectal neoplasm detection.
BMC Gastroenterol
PUBLISHED: 07-30-2013
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Information on the impact of cecal insertion time on colorectal neoplasm detection is limited. Our objective was to determine the association between cecal insertion time and colorectal neoplasm detection rate in colonoscopy screening.
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HDAC6 and SIRT2 regulate the acetylation state and oncogenic activity of mutant K-RAS.
Mol. Cancer Res.
PUBLISHED: 05-30-2013
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Activating point mutations in K-RAS are extremely common in cancers of the lung, colon, and pancreas and are highly predictive of poor therapeutic response. One potential strategy for overcoming the deleterious effects of mutant K-RAS is to alter its posttranslational modification. Although therapies targeting farnesylation have been explored, and have ultimately failed, the therapeutic potential of targeting other modifications remains to be seen. Recently, it was shown that acetylation of lysine 104 attenuates K-RAS transforming activity by interfering with GEF-induced nucleotide exchange. Here, the deacetylases HDAC6 and SIRT2 were shown to regulate the acetylation state of K-RAS in cancer cells. By extension, inhibition of either of these enzymes has a dramatic impact on the growth properties of cancer cells expressing activation mutants of K-RAS. These results suggest that therapeutic targeting of HDAC6 and/or SIRT2 may represent a new way to treat cancers expressing mutant forms of K-RAS.
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The association of serum lipids with colorectal adenomas.
Am. J. Gastroenterol.
PUBLISHED: 04-02-2013
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There is suggestive but sparse evidence that dyslipidemia is associated with colorectal neoplasms. We investigated the association of serum lipid and apolipoprotein concentrations with the prevalence of colorectal adenomas.
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Do we need colonoscopy in patients with gastric adenomas? The risk of colorectal adenoma in patients with gastric adenomas.
Gastrointest. Endosc.
PUBLISHED: 04-06-2010
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Gastric polyps are found frequently in various colonic polyposis syndromes. Genetic alterations of several genes occur in gastric adenomas and colorectal adenomas. However, it is unknown whether patients with gastric adenomas are at higher risk for colorectal adenomas.
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Proteomic analysis of time-dependent difference of protein expression profile changes during neuronal differentiation of mouse embryonic stem cells.
Mol. Cells
PUBLISHED: 01-21-2010
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The study of ES cell-mediated neuronal differentiation allows elucidating the mechanism of neuronal development in spite of the complexity and the difficult accessibility. During the differentiation of embryonic stem cells into neuronal cell, the expression profiles in the level of protein were extensively investigated by proteomic analysis. These cells were analyzed for charges in proteome during the differentiation of ES cells by 2-dimensional electrophoresis (2-DE) and MALDI-TOF MS. Seven unique proteins were identified, some of which were differentially expressed at each stage. A complex system of neuronal differentiation can be activated in cultured embryonic stem cells and our two dimensional electrophoresis data should be useful for investigating some of the mechanism that regulates neuronal differentiation.
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Cyst formation in kidney via B-Raf signaling in the PKD2 transgenic mice.
J. Biol. Chem.
PUBLISHED: 05-05-2009
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The pathogenic mechanisms of human autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease (ADPKD) have been well known to include the mutational inactivation of PKD2. Although haploinsufficiency and loss of heterozygosity at the Pkd2 locus can cause cyst formation in mice, polycystin-2 is frequently expressed in the renal cyst of human ADPKD, raising the possibility that deregulated activation of PKD2 may be associated with the cystogenesis of human ADPKD. To determine whether increased PKD2 expression is physiologically pathogenic, we generated PKD2-overexpressing transgenic mice. These mice developed typical renal cysts and an increase of proliferation and apoptosis, which are reflective of the human ADPKD phenotype. These manifestations were first observed at six months, and progressed with age. In addition, we found that ERK activation was induced by PKD2 overexpression via B-Raf signaling, providing a possible molecular mechanism of cystogenesis. In PKD2 transgenic mice, B-Raf/MEK/ERK sequential signaling was up-regulated. Additionally, the transgenic human polycystin-2 partially rescues the lethality of Pkd2 knock-out mice and therefore demonstrates that the transgene generated a functional product. Functional strengthening or deregulated activation of PKD2 may be a direct cause of ADPKD. The present study provides evidence for an in vivo role of overexpressed PKD2 in cyst formation. This transgenic mouse model should provide new insights into the pathogenic mechanism of human ADPKD.
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Differential Expression of PKD2-Associated Genes in Autosomal Dominant Polycystic Kidney Disease.
Genomics Inform
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Autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease (ADPKD) is characterized by formation of multiple fluid-filled cysts that expand over time and destroy renal architecture. The proteins encoded by the PKD1 and PKD2 genes, mutations in which account for nearly all cases of ADPKD, may help guard against cystogenesis. Previously developed mouse models of PKD1 and PKD2 demonstrated an embryonic lethal phenotype and massive cyst formation in the kidney, indicating that PKD1 and PKD2 probably play important roles during normal renal tubular development. However, their precise role in development and the cellular mechanisms of cyst formation induced by PKD1 and PKD2 mutations are not fully understood. To address this question, we presently created Pkd2 knockout and PKD2 transgenic mouse embryo fibroblasts. We used a mouse oligonucleotide microarray to identify messenger RNAs whose expression was altered by the overexpression of the PKD2 or knockout of the Pkd2. The majority of identified mutations was involved in critical biological processes, such as metabolism, transcription, cell adhesion, cell cycle, and signal transduction. Herein, we confirmed differential expressions of several genes including aquaporin-1, according to different PKD2 expression levels in ADPKD mouse models, through microarray analysis. These data may be helpful in PKD2-related mechanisms of ADPKD pathogenesis.
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Regulation of RAS oncogenicity by acetylation.
Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A.
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Members of the RAS small GTPase family regulate cellular responses to extracellular stimuli by mediating the flux through downstream signal transduction cascades. RAS activity is strongly dependent on its subcellular localization and its nucleotide-binding status, both of which are modulated by posttranslational modification. We have determined that RAS is posttranslationally acetylated on lysine 104. Molecular dynamics simulations suggested that this modification affects the conformational stability of the Switch II domain, which is critical for the ability of RAS to interact with guanine nucleotide exchange factors. Consistent with this model, an acetylation-mimetic mutation in K-RAS4B suppressed guanine nucleotide exchange factor-induced nucleotide exchange and inhibited in vitro transforming activity. These data suggest that lysine acetylation is a negative regulatory modification on RAS. Because mutations in RAS family members are extremely common in cancer, modulation of RAS acetylation may constitute a therapeutic approach.
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Guggulsterone enhances antitumor activity of gemcitabine in gallbladder cancer cells through suppression of NF-?B.
J. Cancer Res. Clin. Oncol.
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Patients with gallbladder cancer usually have a poor prognosis, and effective standard chemotherapeutic regimens have not been established. The anticancer activities of guggulsterone have been demonstrated in various cancer cells. The aims of the study were to determine the effect of guggulsterone on gallbladder cancer cells and to investigate whether treatment with guggulsterone influences the antitumor activities of gemcitabine.
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Is gynecological cancer a new indication for surveillance colonoscopy in Korea?
Hepatogastroenterology
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Previous studies regarding the risk for colorectal neoplasms in women with a prior diagnosis of gynecological cancer have revealed conflicting results. Therefore, we conducted a cross-sectional study to quantify the risk for colorectal neoplasms in patients with gynecological cancers.
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What is Visualize?

JoVE Visualize is a tool created to match the last 5 years of PubMed publications to methods in JoVE's video library.

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We use abstracts found on PubMed and match them to JoVE videos to create a list of 10 to 30 related methods videos.

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In developing our video relationships, we compare around 5 million PubMed articles to our library of over 4,500 methods videos. In some cases the language used in the PubMed abstracts makes matching that content to a JoVE video difficult. In other cases, there happens not to be any content in our video library that is relevant to the topic of a given abstract. In these cases, our algorithms are trying their best to display videos with relevant content, which can sometimes result in matched videos with only a slight relation.