Textile effluent is one of the main contributors of water pollution and it adversely affects fauna and flora. Constructed wetland is a promising approach to remediate the industrial effluent. The detoxification of industrial effluent in a constructed wetland system may be enhanced by applying beneficial bacteria that are able to degrade contaminants present in industrial effluent. The aim of this study was to evaluate the influence of inoculation of textile effluent-degrading endophytic bacteria on the detoxification of textile effluent in a vertical flow constructed wetland reactor. A wetland plant, Typha domingensis, was vegetated in reactor and inoculated with two endophytic bacterial strains, Microbacterium arborescens TYSI04 and Bacillus pumilus PIRI30. These strains possessed textile effluent-degrading and plant growth-promoting activities. Results indicated that bacterial inoculation improved plant growth, textile effluent degradation and mutagenicity reduction and were correlated with the population of textile effluent-degrading bacteria in the rhizosphere and endosphere of T. domingensis. Bacterial inoculation enhanced textile effluent-degrading bacterial population in rhizosphere, root and shoot of T. domingensis. Significant reductions in COD (79%), BOD (77%) TDS (59%) and TSS (27%) were observed by the combined use of plants and bacteria within 72 h. The resultant effluent meets the wastewater discharge standards of Pakistan and can be discharged into the environment without any risks. This study revealed that the combined use of plant and endophytic bacteria is one of the approaches to enhance textile effluent degradation in a constructed wetland system.
Torsion of undescended testis, although not uncommon, causes diagnostic difficulties. We here present testicular scintigraphy images of a typical case of torsion of an undescended inguinal testis with disparity between clinical and ultrasonography (USG) findings in the contralateral retractile testis.
Pyomyositis is a relatively infrequent, sub-acute primary bacterial muscle infection, which due to its non specific clinical findings is unlikely to be early diagnosed especially in diabetic patients. This diagnostic delay may be fatal. Therefore, early diagnosis and prompt treatment are imperative. We present a poorly-controlled diabetic patient who was referred to our Nuclear Medicine department for a bone scan to evaluate osteomyelitis. Routine three-phase-planar-scintigraphy was falsely positive for osteomyelitis in the left fibula, however, single photon emission tomography (SPET/CT) images clearly showed abnormal uptake in the calf muscles rather than the bone with evidence of low-attenuation lesions in these muscles. SPET/CT and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) provided essential information to the clinicians to consider other diagnoses rather than osteomyelitis. MRI showed inter and intra-muscular collections consistent with multiple abscesses. Based on medical history, SPET/CT and MRI findings, the diagnosis of pyomyositis was established. The patient underwent successfully multiple incision-drainage procedures with subsequent intravenous antibiotic treatment and was discharged after complete recovery. In conclusion we advocate the use of SPET/CT for the detection of pyomyositis.
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