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Find video protocols related to scientific articles indexed in Pubmed.
Disability pension after coronary revascularization: a prospective nationwide register-based Swedish cohort study.
Eur J Prev Cardiol
PUBLISHED: 01-10-2014
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Scientific knowledge on disability pension (DP) after revascularization by coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) and percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) is scarce. The aim was to study the incidence of and risk factors for being granted DP in the 5 years following a first CABG or PCI, accounting for socio-demographic and medical factors.
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Mortality from cancer and other causes in commercial airline crews: a joint analysis of cohorts from 10 countries.
Occup Environ Med
PUBLISHED: 01-03-2014
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Commercial airline crew is one of the occupational groups with the highest exposures to ionising radiation. Crew members are also exposed to other physical risk factors and subject to potential disruption of circadian rhythms.
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Acute kidney injury after coronary artery bypass grafting and long-term risk of myocardial infarction and death.
Int. J. Cardiol.
PUBLISHED: 01-01-2014
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Acute kidney injury (AKI) after coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) is associated with early mortality. Its impact on the risk of myocardial infarction (MI) over time and long-term mortality has not been well described.
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Serum calcium and risk of gastrointestinal cancer in the Swedish AMORIS study.
BMC Public Health
PUBLISHED: 05-19-2013
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Observational studies have indicated that high calcium intake may prevent colorectal cancer, but as for randomized trials the results are inconclusive. Meanwhile, limited data on the link between serum calcium and cancer risk is available. We investigated the relation between serum calcium and risk of different gastrointestinal cancers in a prospective study.
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Iron metabolism and risk of cancer in the Swedish AMORIS study.
Cancer Causes Control
PUBLISHED: 04-26-2013
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Pre-clinical studies have shown that iron can be carcinogenic, but few population-based studies investigated the association between markers of the iron metabolism and risk of cancer while taking into account inflammation. We assessed the link between serum iron (SI), total-iron binding capacity (TIBC), and risk of cancer by levels of C-reactive protein (CRP) in a large population-based study (n = 220,642).
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Sizable variations in circulatory disease mortality by region and country of birth in six European countries.
Eur J Public Health
PUBLISHED: 03-11-2013
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Circulatory disease mortality inequalities by country of birth (COB) have been demonstrated for some EU countries but pan-European analyses are lacking. We examine inequalities in circulatory mortality by geographical region/COB for six EU countries.
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Serum glucose and fructosamine in relation to risk of cancer.
PLoS ONE
PUBLISHED: 01-25-2013
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Impaired glucose metabolism has been linked with increased cancer risk, but the association between serum glucose and cancer risk remains unclear. We used repeated measurements of glucose and fructosamine to get more insight into the association between the glucose metabolism and risk of cancer.
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Country of birth-specific and gender differences in prevalence of diabetes in Sweden.
Diabetes Res. Clin. Pract.
PUBLISHED: 01-22-2013
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The aim was to investigate country or region of birth-specific prevalence and gender differences of diabetes in residents in Sweden, using Swedish-born men and women as referent.
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Inorganic phosphate and the risk of cancer in the Swedish AMORIS study.
BMC Cancer
PUBLISHED: 01-07-2013
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Both dietary and serum levels of inorganic phosphate (Pi) have been linked to development of cancer in experimental studies. This is the first population-based study investigating the relation between serum Pi and risk of cancer in humans.
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Childhood appendectomy, tonsillectomy, and risk for premature acute myocardial infarction--a nationwide population-based cohort study.
Eur. Heart J.
PUBLISHED: 06-01-2011
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Although inflammation contributes to cardiovascular disease, the associations of appendectomy and tonsillectomy, which remove mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue, with risk of acute myocardial infarction (AMI) are unknown. Our aim was to assess the association between these operations performed in childhood and AMI risk later in life.
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Renal dysfunction increases the risk of ischemic and hemorrhagic stroke in the general population.
Ann. Med.
PUBLISHED: 05-25-2011
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The association between chronic kidney disease (CKD) and different subtypes of stroke is unclear, and previous studies have yielded conflicting results. We aimed to assess the impact of CKD on the risk of fatal or non-fatal ischemic and hemorrhagic stroke in both men and women.
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Mortality from circulatory diseases by specific country of birth across six European countries: test of concept.
Eur J Public Health
PUBLISHED: 05-20-2011
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Important differences in cardiovascular disease (CVD) mortality by country of birth have been shown within European countries. We now focus on CVD mortality by specific country of birth across European countries.
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High blood hemoglobin concentration as risk factor of major atherosclerotic cardiovascular events in 114,159 healthy men and women in the apolipoprotein mortality risk study (AMORIS).
Ann. Med.
PUBLISHED: 05-17-2011
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Few studies have tested differences in relationships between hemoglobin (Hb) and long-term risk of major cardiovascular diseases according to age and gender in healthy subjects as opposed to anemia.
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Low levels of apolipoprotein A-I and HDL are associated with risk of prostate cancer in the Swedish AMORIS study.
Cancer Causes Control
PUBLISHED: 04-25-2011
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A detailed analysis of lipid profiles, using apolipoproteins, has not yet been conducted for prostate cancer (PCa). Since several etiological pathways have been proposed for PCa and lipids, we aimed to study this in a large Swedish cohort with 1,469 primary prostate cancers.
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The interplay between lipid profiles, glucose, BMI and risk of kidney cancer in the Swedish AMORIS study.
Int. J. Cancer
PUBLISHED: 03-03-2011
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With exception of cholesterol and total fat intake, associations between lipid biomarkers and kidney cancer have not often been researched. We aimed to assess possible links between lipid profiles and kidney cancer risk in a large prospective cohort study, while also taking into account glucose levels and BMI. A cohort based on 542,924 persons with baseline information on glucose, triglycerides (TGs), total cholesterol (TC) and creatinine was selected from the Swedish Apolipoprotein Mortality Risk study. A subgroup of 85,621 also had baseline measurements of HDL, LDL, apolipoprotein A-I and apoB. Multivariate Cox proportional hazard models were used to analyze associations between quartiles and dichotomized values of these lipid components and kidney cancer risk. During a mean follow-up of 13 years, 958 persons developed kidney cancer. TGs were the only lipid component for which a statistically significant association was found with kidney cancer risk when using both quartiles and a clinical cutoff (hazard ratio: 1.25 (95% CI: 0.99-1.60), 1.29 (1.01-1.66) and 1.66 (1.30-2.13) for the 2nd, 3rd and 4th quartile, compared to the 1st, with p-value for trend: <0.001). The association remained after exclusion of the 95% percentile of TG. Quartiles of glucose were also positively associated with kidney cancer risk, whereas quartiles of TC were negatively associated with kidney cancer risk. This detailed analysis of lipid components only showed a consistent relation between TG levels and kidney cancer risk. Further mechanistic studies are required to assess links between lipid abnormalities and kidney cancer.
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Gamma-glutamyltransferase and risk of cancer in a cohort of 545,460 persons - the Swedish AMORIS study.
Eur. J. Cancer
PUBLISHED: 03-03-2011
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Apart from using gamma-glutamyltransferase (GGT) as a predictor of diabetes, cardiovascular and chronic kidney disease, some evidence suggests GGT as an indicator of cancer risk. We aimed to study the association between GGT and cancer in a large Swedish cohort with 37,809 primary cancers.
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Impaired glucose metabolism and diabetes and the risk of breast, endometrial, and ovarian cancer.
Cancer Causes Control
PUBLISHED: 02-21-2011
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Epidemiological evidence indicates that individuals with type 2 diabetes are at an increased risk of cancer. Elevated glucose levels, below the diagnostic threshold for diabetes, have also been suggested to be associated with increased cancer risks.
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Association between levels of C-reactive protein and leukocytes and cancer: three repeated measurements in the Swedish AMORIS study.
Cancer Epidemiol. Biomarkers Prev.
PUBLISHED: 02-04-2011
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To study levels of C-reactive protein (CRP) and leukocytes, as inflammatory markers, in the context of cancer risk.
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Risk of prostate cancer is not associated with levels of C-reactive protein and other commonly used markers of inflammation.
Int. J. Cancer
PUBLISHED: 01-12-2011
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Most population-based studies studied the association between inflammation and prostate cancer (PCa) by assessing C-reactive protein (CRP). As these findings have shown inconsistent results, we aimed to also study different markers that have been commonly taken as indications of inflammation. A cohort based on four groups of men (n = 34,891), according to age at cohort entry (45, 55, 65 and 75 years), with measurements of glucose, triglycerides, total cholesterol, haptoglobin, albumin, hemoglobin and leukocytes were selected from the Apolipoprotein Mortality Risk database. A total of 17,937 men had measurements of non-high-sensitive CRP. Multivariate Cox proportional hazard models were used to analyze associations between inflammatory markers and PCa. A total of 49 of 12,063 men developed PCa in the age 45 group, whereas 207 of 9,940, 472 of 8,266 and 276 of 3,618 were diagnosed in the age 55, 65 and 75 groups, respectively. Mean follow-up time was 7.5 years (SD: 3.9). No markers showed an association with PCa risk, nor was there a trend by quartiles or an indication for different PCa risks by strata of hypercholesterolemia, hyperglycemia and hypertriglyceridemia status. The studied markers were not found to be associated with PCa risk. These null findings might be due to methodological issues; however, it is unlikely that strong and long-lasting associations between inflammation and PCa risk were missed as this was a large database with long follow-up. This indicates need for international consensus on appropriate inflammatory markers in the context of cancer that may be practically applied in large studies.
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Dyslipidemia is a strong predictor of myocardial infarction in subjects with chronic kidney disease.
Ann. Med.
PUBLISHED: 11-30-2010
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To evaluate dyslipidemia as predictor of myocardial infarction (MI) in subjects with or without chronic kidney disease (CKD).
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Low mortality and myocardial infarction incidence among flying personnel during working career and beyond.
Scand J Work Environ Health
PUBLISHED: 11-22-2010
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The aim of this study was to evaluate mortality and acute myocardial infarction (AMI) incidence among commercial and military flying personnel in Sweden.
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Incidence of urinary tract infection in patients with type 2 diabetes. Experience from adverse event reporting in clinical trials.
Pharmacoepidemiol Drug Saf
PUBLISHED: 05-04-2010
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Diabetes mellitus has long been widely considered to be associated with an increased risk of urinary tract infection (UTI), but information on incidence rates are scarce and risk factor data have been conflicting. The aim was to estimate UTI incidence and evaluate potential risk factors for UTI in patients with type 2 diabetes included in recent clinical trials.
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Prostate cancer risk in the Swedish AMORIS study: the interplay among triglycerides, total cholesterol, and glucose.
Cancer
PUBLISHED: 03-30-2010
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In a cohort including 5112 prostate cancer (pCa) patients, the authors investigated associations among triglycerides (TG), total cholesterol (TC), and pCa while taking into account glucose.
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Inflammatory markers, lipoprotein components and risk of major cardiovascular events in 65,005 men and women in the Apolipoprotein MOrtality RISk study (AMORIS).
Atherosclerosis
PUBLISHED: 03-10-2010
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In contrast to lipoprotein components, few studies have analysed the importance of a combination of commonly available inflammatory markers as predictors of major cardiovascular events (MACE) in large healthy populations. We examined summary scores of inflammation and compared their predictive strength with that of lipoproteins in the Apolipoprotein MOrtality RISk (AMORIS) Study.
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Immunoglobulin E and cancer: a meta-analysis and a large Swedish cohort study.
Cancer Causes Control
PUBLISHED: 02-16-2010
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We quantified associations between IgE and cancer in a meta-analysis and cohort study. Pubmed and Embase were searched to extract information using predefined inclusion criteria. In the Apolipoprotein MOrtality RISk (AMORIS) database, 24,820 persons had IgE measurements. Multivariate Cox proportional hazard models were used to analyze associations between IgE and cancer. Twenty-seven studies were reviewed from which seven case-control studies were included for analysis. The pooled relative risk (random effects model) was 0.97 (95% CI 0.86-1.09). Cell types of tumor origin (mesenchymal tissue or cells of the nervous system, lymphatic or hematopoietic tissue, and epithelium) modified the effect. In the AMORIS cohort, 862 persons developed cancer. Hazard ratios comparing quartiles of IgE were similar to the findings in the meta-analysis (HR 0.87 (95% CI 0.72-1.06); 0.94 (0.78-1.14); 0.90 (0.74-1.10) for the 2nd, 3rd, and 4th quartile compared to the 1st quartile), but there was no pattern by tumor origin. Both studies showed a weak inverse association between IgE and cancer, but a pattern by cancer type was only seen in the meta-analysis. Our findings suggest the need for prospective studies studying IgE and cancer. Measurements of IgE should be combined with other information, e.g., bio-banked samples containing other key immunological discriminators.
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Lipoprotein components and risk of congestive heart failure in 84,740 men and women in the Apolipoprotein MOrtality RISk study (AMORIS).
Eur. J. Heart Fail.
PUBLISHED: 10-03-2009
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Few studies have analysed the influence of lipoprotein components (LC) on the development of congestive heart failure (HF) in large healthy populations. We examined LC together with glucose, haptoglobin (Hp), and uric acid (UA) as risk factors for HF in the Apolipoprotein MOrtality RISk (AMORIS) study. We also explored the possible interaction between these factors and the apolipoprotein B to apolipoprotein A-1 ratio (apoB/apoA-1) in HF.
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Haptoglobin and risk of myocardial infarction, stroke, and congestive heart failure in 342,125 men and women in the Apolipoprotein MOrtality RISk study (AMORIS).
Ann. Med.
PUBLISHED: 08-07-2009
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Few studies have analysed the importance of haptoglobin (Hp) as a risk factor for acute myocardial infarction (AMI), stroke, and heart failure (HF) in large healthy populations.
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Analysis of ST/HR hysteresis improves long-term prognostic value of exercise ECG test.
Int. J. Cardiol.
PUBLISHED: 05-14-2009
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ST/HR hysteresis is one of the better diagnostic exercise ECG variables for coronary artery disease. This study evaluates the long-term prognostic value of ST/HR hysteresis in predicting acute myocardial infarction (AMI) and all-cause mortality in men and women.
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The impact of dyslipidaemia on cardiovascular mortality in individuals without a prior history of diabetes in the DECODE Study.
Atherosclerosis
PUBLISHED: 02-23-2009
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To evaluate the impact of dyslipidaemia on cardiovascular disease (CVD) mortality in relation to fasting (FPG) and 2-h (2hPG) plasma glucose levels in individuals without a prior history of diabetes.
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Improved survival after coronary artery bypass grafting has not influenced the mortality disadvantage in patients with diabetes mellitus.
J. Thorac. Cardiovasc. Surg.
PUBLISHED: 02-13-2009
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We sought to compare mortality after coronary artery bypass grafting in patients with and without diabetes mellitus undergoing operations during different time periods.
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Stroke in paroxysmal atrial fibrillation: report from the Stockholm Cohort of Atrial Fibrillation.
Eur. Heart J.
PUBLISHED: 01-27-2009
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Knowledge about stroke risk in paroxysmal atrial fibrillation (PxAF) is limited. Although current guideline recommendations advocate the same treatment as in permanent atrial fibrillation (PermAF), most patients with PxAF do not receive prophylactic anticoagulation. The aim of this study is to investigate whether there are differences in stroke risk between PxAF and PermAF.
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Coffee consumption and mortality after acute myocardial infarction: the Stockholm Heart Epidemiology Program.
Am. Heart J.
PUBLISHED: 01-08-2009
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Cohort studies have suggested little effect of coffee consumption on risk of acute myocardial infarction. The effect of coffee consumption on prognosis after myocardial infarction is uncertain.
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Gamma-glutamyl transferase and C-reactive protein as alternative markers of metabolic abnormalities and their associated comorbidites: a prospective cohort study.
Int J Mol Epidemiol Genet
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Recent studies suggested that gamma-glutamyl transferase (GGT) and C-reactive protein (CRP) are good markers of metabolic abnormalities. We assessed the link between GGT, CRP and common metabolic abnormalities, as well their link to related diseases, such as cancer and cardiovascular disease (CVD).
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Serum Lipids and the Risk of Gastrointestinal Malignancies in the Swedish AMORIS Study.
J Cancer Epidemiol
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Background. Metabolic syndrome has been linked to an increased cancer risk, but the role of dyslipidaemia in gastrointestinal malignancies is unclear. We aimed to assess the risk of oesophageal, stomach, colon, and rectal cancers using serum levels of lipid components. Methods. From the Swedish Apolipoprotein Mortality Risk (AMORIS) study, we selected 540,309 participants (>?20 years old) with baseline measurements of total cholesterol (TC), triglycerides (TG), and glucose of whom 84,774 had baseline LDL cholesterol (LDL), HDL cholesterol (HDL), apolipoprotein B (apoB), and apolipoprotein A-I (apoA-I). Multivariate Cox proportional hazards regression was used to assess glucose and lipid components in relation to oesophageal, stomach, colon, and rectal cancer risk. Results. An increased risk of oesophageal cancer was observed in persons with high TG (e.g. HR: 2.29 (95% CI: 1.42-3.68) for the 4th quartile compared to the 1st) and low LDL, LDL/HDL ratio, TC/HDL ratio, log (TG/HDL), and apoB/apoA-I ratio. High glucose and TG were linked with an increased colon cancer risk, while high TC levels were associated with an increased rectal cancer risk. Conclusion. The persistent link between TC and rectal cancer risk as well as between TG and oesophageal and colon cancer risk in normoglycaemic individuals may imply their substantiality in gastrointestinal carcinogenesis.
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Incidence of urinary tract infection among patients with type 2 diabetes in the UK General Practice Research Database (GPRD).
J. Diabetes Complicat.
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The objective of this observational study was to quantify the incidence of urinary tract infections (UTI) among diabetes patients and compare this risk to patients without diabetes. Type 2 diabetes patients and a matched sample of patients without diabetes were identified from GPRD. Patients were followed for 1-year from their study index date until the first record of a UTI or a censored event. The incidence of UTI was 46.9 per 1000 person-years (95% confidence interval (CI) 45.8-48.1) among diabetes patients and 29.9 (95% CI 28.9-30.8) for patients without diabetes. Compared to the non-diabetes patients, the risk of UTI was 1.53 (95% CI 1.46-1.59) for all diabetes patients; and 2.08 (95% CI 1.93-2.24) for patients with previously diagnosed diabetes. In general practice, across gender and age, the risk of developing a UTI is higher for patients with type 2 diabetes compared to patients without diabetes.
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Sickness absence following coronary revascularisation. A national study of women and men of working age in Sweden 1994-2006.
PLoS ONE
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Evidence based and gender specific knowledge about sickness absence following coronary revascularisation is lacking. The objective was to investigate sickness absence after a first coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) or percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) among women and men in a national Swedish study.
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Incidence of genital infection among patients with type 2 diabetes in the UK General Practice Research Database.
J. Diabetes Complicat.
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The objective of this population-based study was to evaluate the incidence of vaginitis (females) and balanitis (males) among a cohort of type 2 diabetes patients and compare this risk to patients without diabetes. The study population included 125,237 female patients and 146,603 males identified from GPRD. All patients were followed for 1-year from their study index date for the first record of an infection or a censored event. Among patients with diabetes the incidence of vaginitis was 21.0/1000PY (95% CI 19.8-22.1) with the risk being 1.81 (95% CI 1.64-2.00) greater that patients without diabetes. The incidence of balanitis among diabetes patients was 8.4/1000PY (95% CI 7.8-9.1) with a relative risk of 2.85 (2.39-3.39) compared to patients without diabetes. Additional analyses were performed by HbA1c level. Results from this large population-based study indicate that patients with diabetes are at an increased risk of being diagnosed with infections of the genital tract and patients with poorly controlled diabetes have higher risks.
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Lipid profiles and the risk of endometrial cancer in the Swedish AMORIS study.
Int J Mol Epidemiol Genet
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While the association between obesity and endometrial cancer (EC) is well established, the underlying mechanisms require further study. We assessed possible links between lipid profiles and EC risk, while also taking into account BMI, parity, and menopausal status at baseline.
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Serum calcium and incident and fatal prostate cancer in the Swedish AMORIS study.
Cancer Causes Control
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Observational studies have shown a positive association between intake of dairy products as well as serum levels of calcium and prostate cancer (PCa) risk. We studied the association between serum calcium and PCa while also accounting for levels of albumin, a protein to which calcium is bound.
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Lipid profiles and risk of breast and ovarian cancer in the Swedish AMORIS study.
Cancer Epidemiol. Biomarkers Prev.
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Obesity is a risk factor for breast and ovarian cancer; the mechanisms of action are not completely understood. Perturbed lipid metabolism often accompanies obesity; we therefore ascertained the associations between lipid components and breast and ovarian cancer risk in a prospective cohort study.
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Biomarker-based score to predict mortality in persons aged 50 years and older: a new approach in the Swedish AMORIS study.
Int J Mol Epidemiol Genet
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Management of frailty is the cornerstone of geriatric medicine, but there remains a need to identify biomarkers that can predict early death, and thereby lead to effective clinical interventions. We aimed to study the combination of C-reactive protein (CRP), albumin, gamma-glutamyl transferase (GGT), and HDL to predict mortality.
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Cancer incidence among Nordic airline cabin crew.
Int. J. Cancer
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Airline cabin crew are occupationally exposed to cosmic radiation and jet lag with potential disruption of circadian rhythms. This study assesses the influence of work-related factors in cancer incidence of cabin crew members. A cohort of 8,507 female and 1,559 male airline cabin attendants from Finland, Iceland, Norway and Sweden was followed for cancer incidence for a mean follow-up time of 23.6 years through the national cancer registries. Standardized incidence ratios (SIRs) were defined as ratios of observed and expected numbers of cases. A case-control study nested in the cohort (excluding Norway) was conducted to assess the relation between the estimated cumulative cosmic radiation dose and cumulative number of flights crossing six time zones (indicator of circadian disruption) and cancer risk. Analysis of breast cancer was adjusted for parity and age at first live birth. Among female cabin crew, a significantly increased incidence was observed for breast cancer [SIR 1.50, 95% confidence interval (95% CI) 1.32-1.69], leukemia (1.89, 95% CI 1.03-3.17) and skin melanoma (1.85, 95% CI 1.41-2.38). Among men, significant excesses in skin melanoma (3.00, 95% CI 1.78-4.74), nonmelanoma skin cancer (2.47, 95% CI 1.18-4.53), Kaposi sarcoma (86.0, 95% CI 41.2-158) and alcohol-related cancers (combined SIR 3.12, 95% CI 1.95-4.72) were found. This large study with complete follow-up and comprehensive cancer incidence data shows an increased incidence of several cancers, but according to the case-control analysis, excesses appear not to be related to the cosmic radiation or circadian disruptions from crossing multiple time zones.
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Acute kidney injury following coronary artery bypass grafting: early mortality and postoperative complications.
Scand. Cardiovasc. J.
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To investigate the prognostic importance of acute kidney injury on early mortality, postoperative stroke, and mediastinitis in patients undergoing a first isolated coronary artery bypass grafting.
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What is Visualize?

JoVE Visualize is a tool created to match the last 5 years of PubMed publications to methods in JoVE's video library.

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In developing our video relationships, we compare around 5 million PubMed articles to our library of over 4,500 methods videos. In some cases the language used in the PubMed abstracts makes matching that content to a JoVE video difficult. In other cases, there happens not to be any content in our video library that is relevant to the topic of a given abstract. In these cases, our algorithms are trying their best to display videos with relevant content, which can sometimes result in matched videos with only a slight relation.