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Find video protocols related to scientific articles indexed in Pubmed.
The long term results of vertebral artery ostium stenting in a single center.
J Neurointerv Surg
PUBLISHED: 10-22-2014
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The long term results of vertebral artery ostium (VAO) stenting remain uncertain. We sought to evaluate the incidence and risk factors for recurrent ischemic events on long term follow-up in patients who have undergone VAO stenting.
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An alternative intraoperative method based on annular circumference for the decision-making of prophylactic tricuspid annuloplasty.
J. Heart Valve Dis.
PUBLISHED: 10-10-2014
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Tricuspid valve exploration during surgery plays an important role in the decision-making of concomitant tricuspid annuloplasty at the time of left-sided valve surgery. However, at present a good standard to define tricuspid annular dilatation is not available. The study aim was to introduce an alternative method based on annular circumference to judge the extent of annular dilatation, and investigate its predictive ability for the postoperative progression of tricuspid regurgitation (TR).
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Novel IL-6-secreting ??T cells increased in patients with atherosclerotic cerebral infarction.
Mol Med Rep
PUBLISHED: 09-18-2014
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Mounting evidence has suggested that inflammation associated with interleukin (IL)?6 and T?helper (Th)17 cells, has a role in the development of atherosclerotic cerebral infarction (ACI). However, it remains unclear which population of cells determines the levels of IL?6, and the role of IL?6?secreting cells in inducing Th17 cell production. In the present study, IL?6 levels were determined in patients with ACI, by ELISA. The percentage of CD3+T, CD4+T, CD8+T, CD11c+ dendritic cells and ??T cells were determined by flow cytometry, and the correlation between cytokine IL?6 and ??T cells was determined by statistical analysis. An in vitro culture assay was used to determine whether ??T cells secreted high levels of IL?6, and induced production of Th17 cells. The patients with ACI had significantly higher levels of IL?6 and ??T cells. Furthermore, ??T cells were associated with the secretion of a high level of IL?6 in patients with ACI. These results indicate that ??T cells are novel IL?6?secreting cells, which from then on were known as ??T6 cells. In addition, the novel ??T6 cells induced Th17?cell production, and this induction was dependent on IL?6. Novel ??T6 cells increased the induction of Th17?cell production in patients with ACI. The results of the present study suggest that novel ??T6 cells may be a target for strategic therapies of ACI.
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Halomonas shantousis sp. nov., a novel biogenic amines degrading bacterium isolated from Chinese fermented fish sauce.
Antonie Van Leeuwenhoek
PUBLISHED: 09-06-2014
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A Gram-negative, aerobic, short rod-shaped and non-motile bacterium, designated SWA25(T), was isolated from Chinese fermented fish sauce in Shantou, Guangdong Province, China. Strain SWA25(T) was moderately halophilic, formed colourless colonies and grew at 10-45 °C (optimum, 37 °C) and pH 4-9 (optimum, 6-7) in the presence of 0.5-22.5 % (w/v) NaCl (optimum, 3 %). The major cellular fatty acids (>10 %) were identified as C18:1 ?7C, C16:0, C16:1 ?7c, and C19:0 cyclo ?8c, and the predominant respiratory ubiquinone was Q-9. The genomic DNA G+C content was 61.3 ± 2.1 mol %. Phylogenetic analysis based on 16S rRNA gene sequences indicated that strain SWA25(T) belonged to the genus Halomonas in the family Halomonadaceae. The closest relatives were Halomonas xianhensis A-1(T) (96.5 % 16S rRNA gene sequence similarity), H. lutea DSM 23508(T) (96.5 %) and H. muralis LMG 20969(T) (96.1 %). DNA-DNA hybridization assays showed 30.7 ± 2.6 % relatedness between strain SWA25(T) and H. xianhensis A-1(T), and 39.4 ± 4.1 % between strain SWA25(T) and H. lutea DSM 23508(T). On the basis of phenotypic, chemotaxonomic and phylogenetic features, strain SWA25(T) should be placed in the genus Halomonas as a representative of a novel species. The name Halomonas shantousis sp. nov. is proposed, with SWA25(T)(=CCTCC AB 2013151(T) = JCM 19368(T)) as the type strain.
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[Method and significance of ultrasonographic assessment of the uterine weight before pelvic floor reconstruction].
Zhonghua Fu Chan Ke Za Zhi
PUBLISHED: 08-30-2014
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To investigate the accuracy of ultrasonographic assessment of the total uterine weight and the feasibility of using this method in the pelvic floor reconstruction.
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Safety of low-dose aspirin in endovascular treatment for intracranial atherosclerotic stenosis.
PLoS ONE
PUBLISHED: 08-21-2014
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To evaluate the safety of low-dose aspirin plus clopidogrel versus high-dose aspirin plus clopidogrel in prevention of vascular risk within 90 days of duration of dual antiplatelet therapy in patients treated with intracranial endovascular treatment.
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[Comparative study of three different methods for penile reconstruction].
Zhonghua Zheng Xing Wai Ke Za Zhi
PUBLISHED: 08-13-2014
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To compare the effect of three methods for penile reconstruction.
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Overexpression of Heme Oxygenase 1 Causes Cognitive Decline and Affects Pathways for Tauopathy in Mice.
J. Alzheimers Dis.
PUBLISHED: 08-11-2014
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The stress protein heme oxygenase-1 (HO-1) is upregulated and co-localizes to pathological features, including tauopathies in the brains of individuals with Alzheimer's disease. However, the relationship between HO-1 and Alzheimer's disease remains unclear. In our previous research, the long-term overexpression of HO-1 was shown to promote tau aggregation by inducing tau phosphorylation in the mouse brain. In this study, we found that the long-term overexpression of HO-1 led to cognitive decline in transgenic mice, as determined by the water maze test, and that HO-1 can affect two pathways for tauopathy. Through one pathway, HO-1 promotes the expression of CDK5 by accumulating reactive oxygen species, which are produced by HO-1 downstream products of iron in neuro2a cell lines and mouse brain. Through the second pathway, HO-1 induces tau truncation at D421 in vivo and in vitro. Clearly, there is a HO-1-dependent mechanism responsible for tau protein phosphorylation and tau truncation in vivo and in vitro. Taken together, our results suggest that HO-1 plays an important role in the disease process of tauopathies in AD.
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Protocol for a prospective, multicentre registry study of stenting for symptomatic intracranial artery stenosis in China.
BMJ Open
PUBLISHED: 08-08-2014
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The SAMMPRIS trial suggested that aggressive treatment was superior to endovascular stenting in patients with severe symptomatic intracranial atherosclerotic stenosis (ICAS) due to high complication rates in patients in the stenting group. Given that 12.2% patients failed aggressive medical therapy in the SAMMPRIS study, it is imperative to perform a multicentre prospective registry study of stenting for patients with ICAS in China. This study aims to evaluate the safety and efficacy of endovascular stenting for patients with symptomatic intracranial artery stenosis and poor collaterals in China and to identify the characteristics of the population that would benefit the most from endovascular stenting in Chinese patients.
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Predictive Factors of Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus Remission Following Bariatric Surgery: a Meta-analysis.
Obes Surg
PUBLISHED: 08-08-2014
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Although a few studies have been reported on predictive factors of postoperative diabetes remission, the conclusions remain inconsistent. This meta-analysis aimed to assess the preoperative clinical factors for type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) remission after bariatric surgery.
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Triterpenoid saponins from the roots of Clematis argentilucida and their cytotoxic activity.
Planta Med.
PUBLISHED: 07-16-2014
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The reinvestigation of the n-BuOH extract of the roots of Clematis argentilucida led to the isolation of four new oleanane-type triterpenoid saponins, 1-4, four known saponins, 5-8, first isolated from the species, together with ten saponins, 9-18, reported in the preceding papers. The structures of saponins 1-8 were elucidated by extensive spectroscopic analysis and chemical evidences. The cytotoxicity of all the saponins were evaluated against human tumor HL-60, HepG-2, and SGC-7901 cell lines. The monodesmosidic saponins 4, 7, 8, and 14-18 exhibited cytotoxic activity against the three cell lines with IC50 values in the range of 0.87-19.48 µM.
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[Repair of middle and lower face scars using alar thin expanded cervical flap with pedicle in anterior neck].
Zhonghua Shao Shang Za Zhi
PUBLISHED: 07-04-2014
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To explore the application of alar thin expanded cervical flap with pedicle in anterior neck for large scars on middle and lower face.
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Speckle tracking echocardiography in the diagnosis of early left ventricular systolic dysfunction in type II diabetic mice.
BMC Cardiovasc Disord
PUBLISHED: 07-02-2014
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The leptin receptor-deficient db/db mouse is a well-established type II diabetes animal model used to investigate diabetic cardiomyopathy. Previous reports have documented diabetic cardiomyopathy is accompanied by cardiac structural and functional abnormalities. To better elucidate early or subtle changes in cardiac performance in db/db mice, we used speckle tracking echocardiography to assess systolic myocardial strain in vivo with diabetic db/db mice in order to study early changes of left ventricle contractile function in type II diabetes model.
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Interaction of CD5 and CD72 is involved in regulatory T and B cell homeostasis.
Immunol. Invest.
PUBLISHED: 06-20-2014
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Regulatory IL-10-producing CD1d(high)CD5(+)CD19(+) B cells and CD4(+)CD25(+)Foxp3(+) T cells have been found to modulate immune responses in autoimmunity, infection, and cancer, but the interaction between these two cell subsets remains unclear. Through cell culture and flow cytometry (FACS), we analyzed the interaction of regulatory T cells (Tregs) and regulatory B cells (Bregs). A neutralizing antibody was used to determine the role of CD5 and CD72 in maintaining regulatory T and B cell homeostasis. We found that CD19(+)CD5(+)CD1d(hi) Bregs induced expansion of CD4(+)Foxp3(+) Tregs, and CD4(+)CD25(+) Tregs also induced expansion of IL-10-expressing Bregs. Once CD72 or CD5 was blocked, both IL-10-expressing Bregs and CD4(+)Foxp3(+)Tregs were reduced in the different cultures. Finally, FACS analysis demonstrated that Foxp3(+)CD4(+)Treg cells were reduced in CD19(Cre) mice defective of CD5 on the surface of B cells. The study suggests that the interaction of CD5 and CD72 plays a critical role in maintaining regulatory T and B cell homeostasis.
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Epidemiology of primary Sjögren's syndrome: a systematic review and meta-analysis.
Ann. Rheum. Dis.
PUBLISHED: 06-19-2014
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Epidemiological studies of primary Sjögren's syndrome (pSS) are crucial for describing the burden to society and the public medical system and for shedding light on aetiology. Previous reports of the epidemiology of pSS show variable outcomes. We conducted a systematic review of the epidemiology of pSS to assess the prevalence rates (PRs) and incidence rates (IRs), and to investigate possible geographic variations in pSS.
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Giant aneurysm of right coronary artery fistula into left ventricle coexisting with noncompaction of left ventricular myocardium.
Ann. Thorac. Surg.
PUBLISHED: 06-10-2014
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Coronary artery fistula (CAF) and noncompaction of the ventricular myocardium (NCVM) result from obliteration or compact failure of the intramyocardial trabecular sinusoids to form a ventricular cavity wall. The draining site of a right coronary artery (RCA) fistula may usually be the right ventricle, right atrium, or pulmonary artery. An RCA aneurysm with a fistula to the left ventricle is rare. We report a patient with an RCA aneurysm with a fistula to the left ventricle coexisting with NCVM. The patient's condition was diagnosed by echocardiography and contrast-enhanced multidetector computed tomography.
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Comparative analysis of vaspin in pregnant women with and without gestational diabetes mellitus and healthy non-pregnant women.
Endocrine
PUBLISHED: 05-23-2014
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To explore serum vaspin, leptin, and adiponectin levels and their correlation with insulin resistance (IR) in pregnant women with and without gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) and healthy non-pregnant women. A total of 262 individuals, including pregnant women with GDM (n = 86), those without GDM (n = 92), and age-matched healthy non-pregnant women (n = 84) were enrolled in this case-control study. Vaspin, leptin, adiponectin, glucose, insulin, hemoglobin A1C (HbA1c), and lipid parameters were measured. The homeostasis model assessment-insulin resistance (HOMA-IR), quantitative insulin sensitivity check index, and body mass index were calculated. Data inferred higher concentrations of vaspin (2.72 ± 2.20 vs. 1.84 ± 1.57 vs. 0.81 ± 1.02) in GDM than during normal pregnancy and in non-pregnant women, higher leptin (23.42 ± 12.18 vs. 22.19 ± 10.55 vs. 12.10 ± 11.26), and lower adiponectin (4,164.83 ± 2,650.39 vs. 4,871.66 ± 2,803.51 vs. 7,202.85 ± 4,893.13) in GDM and normal pregnancy as compared to non-pregnant women (p < 0.05). Vaspin was positively correlated to leptin (r = 0.273, p = 0.012), HOMA-IR (r = 0.387, p = 0.000), and triglycerides (TG, r = 0.218, p = 0.046) in GDM. In addition, leptin was negatively correlated to adiponectin in GDM (r = -0.336, p = 0.002) and normal pregnancy (r = -0.256, p = 0.014). Furthermore, vaspin was significantly correlated to GDM and HOMA-IR, and the weight gain might play a vital role in the occurrence of GDM. During pregnancy, high vaspin concentration is significantly associated with IR in GDM.
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Purification, characterization and antitumor activity of polysaccharides from Pleurotus eryngii residue.
Carbohydr Polym
PUBLISHED: 05-10-2014
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A novel water-soluble polysaccharide from Pleurotus eryngii residue was isolated and further purified by DEAE cellulose-52 chromatography and Sephadex G-100 size-exclusion chromatography to yield PEPE-1, PEPE-2 and PEPE-3. Molecular weights were determined by high-performance size-exclusion chromatography (HPSEC). Gas chromatography (GC) analysis of monosaccharide composition confirmed that PEPE-1, PEPE-2 and PEPE-3 were heteropolysaccharides and mainly composed of glucose. Sulfate and uronic acid content, ultraviolet and infrared spectrum were also evaluated. The antitumor activities of the polysaccharides against HepG-2 cells were studied in vitro. Results showed that the three polysaccharides could suppress the proliferation and enhance lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) release of HepG-2 cells in a dose- and time-dependent manner. The effect increased in the order of PEPE-1
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Triterpenoid saponins from the roots of Clematis argentilucida.
Fitoterapia
PUBLISHED: 05-04-2014
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Reinvestigation of the n-BuOH extract of the roots of Clematis argentilucida led to the isolation of a new ursane-type triterpenoid saponin 1 and a new taraxerane-type saponin 2, four known saponins 3-6 first isolated from the species, together with seven saponins 7-13 reported in the previous papers. The structures of saponins 1-6 were elucidated by extensive spectroscopic analysis and chemical evidences. The ursane-type and taraxerane-type triterpenoid saponins were obtained from genus Clematis for the first time, and the aglycone of saponin 1, 3?,28-dihydroxy-18?H-ursan-20-en was first encountered. The cytotoxicity of all the saponins was evaluated against human glioblastoma U251MG cell lines. The monodesmosidic saponins 1, 2 and 4-8 exhibited cytotoxic activity against the cells with IC50 values ranging from 6.95 to 38.51 ?M.
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Correlation properties of the vector signal representation for speckle pattern.
Appl Opt
PUBLISHED: 05-03-2014
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In one-dimensional (1D) signal analysis, the complex analytic signal built from a real-valued signal and its Hilbert transform is an important tool providing a mathematical foundation for 1D statistical analysis. For a natural extension beyond 1D signal, Riesz transform has been applied to high-dimensional signal processing as a generalized Hilbert transform to construct a vector signal representation and therefore, to enlarge the traditional analytic signal concept. In this paper, we introduce the vector correlations as new mathematical tools for vector calculus for statistical speckle analysis. Based on vector correlations of a real-valued speckle pattern, we present the associated correlation properties, which can be regarded as mathematical foundation for the vector analysis in speckle metrology.
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Noninvasive visualization of the basilar artery wall and branch ostia with high-resolution three-dimensional black-blood sequence at 3 tesla.
J Magn Reson Imaging
PUBLISHED: 05-01-2014
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To evaluate the usefulness of three-dimensional (3D) MR black-blood sequence flow-dephasing-prepared fast spoiled gradient recalled echo (FDP-FSPGR) in screening the basilar artery (BA) wall and the ostia of the adjacent branch arteries.
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How Acute Total Sleep Loss Affects the Attending Brain: A Meta-analysis of Neuroimaging Studies.
Sleep
PUBLISHED: 04-30-2014
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attention is a cognitive domain that can be severely affected by sleep deprivation. Previous neuroimaging studies have used different attention paradigms and reported both increased and reduced brain activation after sleep deprivation. However, due to large variability in sleep deprivation protocols, task paradigms, experimental designs, characteristics of subject populations, and imaging techniques, there is no consensus regarding the effects of sleep loss on the attending brain. The aim of this meta-analysis was to identify brain activations that are commonly altered by acute total sleep deprivation across different attention tasks.
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Outcomes of tailored angioplasty and/or stenting for symptomatic intracranial atherosclerosis: a prospective cohort study after SAMMPRIS.
J Neurointerv Surg
PUBLISHED: 04-25-2014
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High periprocedural complication rate is a key limitation of endovascular treatment of intracranial atherosclerotic disease (ICAD), despite potential risk reduction of recurrent stroke. Taking lessons from the Stenting and Aggressive Medical Management for Preventing Recurrent Stroke in Intracranial Arterial Stenosis (SAMMPRIS) trial, targeting a selected patient population, we prospectively evaluated the feasibility and safety of tailored angioplasty and/or stenting for patients with ICAD.
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Formation of intercalation compound of kaolinite-glycine via displacing guest water by glycine.
J Colloid Interface Sci
PUBLISHED: 04-15-2014
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The kaolinite-glycine intercalation compound was successfully formed by displacing intercalated guest water molecules in kaolinite hydrate as a precursor. The microstructure of the compound was characterized by X-ray diffraction, Fourier Transform Infrared Spectroscopy and Scanning Electron Microscope. Results show that glycine can only be intercalated into hydrated kaolinite to form glycine-kaolinite by utilizing water molecules as a transition phase. The intercalated glycine molecules were squeezed partially into the ditrigonal holes in the silicate layer, resulting in the interlayer distance of kaolinite reaching 1.03nm. The proper intercalation temperature range was between 20°C and 80°C. An intercalation time of 24h or above was necessary to ensure the complete formation of kaolinite-glycine. The highest intercalation degree of about 84% appeared when the system was reacted at the temperature of 80°C for 48h. There were two activation energies for the intercalation of glycine into kaolinite, one being 21kJ/mol within the temperature range of 20-65°C and the other 5.8kJ/mol between 65°C and 80°C. The intercalation degree (N) and intercalation velocity (v) of as a function of intercalation time (t) can be empirically expressed as N=-79.35e(-)(t)(/14.8)+80.1 and v=5.37e(-)(t)(/14.8), respectively.
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Expression level of pluripotent genes in incomplete reprogramming.
Asian Pac J Trop Med
PUBLISHED: 04-10-2014
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To compare the expression levels of pluripotent genes among incomplete reprogrammed colonies and induced pluripotent stem cells (iPSCs), to explore the relationship between the expression of pluripotent genes and incomplete reprogramming.
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[Changes of ocular aberration after wavefront-guided aspherical LASIK for myopia].
Zhonghua Yan Ke Za Zhi
PUBLISHED: 04-09-2014
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To compare the higher order aberration of wavefront-guided aspherical versus wavefront-guided and Q-value guided aspheric personalized LASIK surgery in the treatment of myopia.
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Combination of TACI-IgG and anti-IL-15 treats murine lupus by reducing mature and memory B cells.
Cell. Immunol.
PUBLISHED: 03-31-2014
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Clinical trials suggest that BAFF inhibitors such as atacicept (TACI-IgG) and belimumab (anti-BAFF antibody) could not reduce memory B-cell numbers, although they reduced the numbers of CD20(+) naïve B cells and activated B cells. In the present study, we explored the way to reduce memory B-cell numbers. First, we used TACI-IgG to treat murine lupus. We found that TACI-IgG was effective in reducing mature B cell numbers. Accordingly it controlled the level of the anti-dsDNA antibody in lupus-like mice. In addition, TACI-IgG up-regulated memory B cells in murine lupus. Furthermore, we found that TACI-IgG up-regulated IL-15 expression in lupus-like mice. Thus, the combination of TACI-IgG and anti-IL-15 antibodies was explored to understand their effects on the treatment of murine lupus. Compared to treatments with TACI-IgG or anti-IL-15 alone, the combination of TACI-IgG and anti-IL-15 antibodies efficiently ameliorated murine lupus phenotypes. The study provides hints for the clinical application of BAFF- and IL-15-specific therapeutic agents.
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Distinct neural correlates of social categories and personality traits.
Neuroimage
PUBLISHED: 03-26-2014
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Does the processing of social category-related versus trait-related information generate a different pattern of brain activation? In this fMRI study, we compared the processing of behaviors performed by a member of a social category versus an individual, both possessing similar personality traits. Based on previous behavioral studies we predicted that the processing of social category-related information would recruit more activation in brain areas related to mentalizing than individual trait-related information. Participants read sentences describing behaviors performed by a member of a social category (of which the stereotype involves a given trait) or by an individual possessing the same trait. These behavioral sentences varied on both valence (positive versus negative) and consistency (consistent versus inconsistent) with regard to the social category or trait. The results revealed that social category-related behavioral information showed more activation in mentalizing areas (medial prefrontal cortex, anterior temporal lobe, bilateral temporo-parietal junction, posterior cingulate cortex) than trait-related information. This increased activation is interpreted in terms of the impact of autobiographical memories, greater variance among members of social categories than individual traits, a higher construal level (i.e., abstractness), and larger perceived group size. Additionally, inconsistent as opposed to consistent information showed more activation in the right temporo-parietal junction and left lingual gyrus.
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Solid self-microemulsifying dispersible tablets of celastrol: formulation development, charaterization and bioavailability evaluation.
Int J Pharm
PUBLISHED: 03-26-2014
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The aims of this study were to choose a suitable adsorbent of self-microemulsion and to develop a fine solid self-microemulsifying dispersible tablets for promoting the dissolution and oral bioavailability of celastrol. Solubility test, self-emulsifying grading test, droplet size analysis and ternary phase diagrams test were performed to screen and optimize the composition of liquid celastrol self-microemulsifying drug delivery system (SMEDDS). Then microcrystalline cellulose KG 802 was added as a suitable adsorbent into the optimized liquid celastrol-SMEDDS formulation to prepare the dispersible tablets by wet granulation compression method. The optimized formulation of celastrol-SMEDDS dispersible tablets was finally determinated by the feasibility of the preparing process and redispersibility. The in vitro study showed that the dispersible tablets could disperse in the dispersion medium within 3 min with the average particle size of 25.32 ± 3.26 nm. In vivo pharmacokinetic experiments of rats, the relative bioavailability of celastrol SMEDDS and SMEDDS dispersible tablets compared to the 0.4% CMC-Na suspension was 569 ± 7.07% and 558 ± 6.77%, respectively, while there were no significant difference between the SMEDDS and SMEDDS dispersible tablets. The results suggest the potential use of SMEDDS dispersible tablets for the oral delivery of poorly water-soluble terpenes drugs, such as celastrol.
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BAFF suppresses IL-15 expression in B cells.
J. Immunol.
PUBLISHED: 03-26-2014
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Clinical trials have shown that BAFF inhibitors do not reduce memory B cell levels but can reduce the number of mature B cells. It remains uncertain whether BAFF affects memory-maintaining cytokines such as IL-15. We found that BAFF suppressed IL-15 expression in B cells from lupus-like or experimental allergic encephalomyelitis mice. When BAFF was blocked with atacicept-IgG, IL-15 expression was upregulated in lupus-like or experimental allergic encephalomyelitis mice. Finally, we showed that BAFF suppressed IL-15 expression in transitional 2 B cells by reducing Foxo1 expression and inducing Foxo1 phosphorylation. This study suggests that BAFF suppresses IL-15 expression in autoimmune diseases, and this opens up the possible opportunity for the clinical application of BAFF- and IL-15-specific therapeutic agents.
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Neural correlates of attributing causes to the self, another person and the situation.
Soc Cogn Affect Neurosci
PUBLISHED: 03-18-2014
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This study compares brain activation during causal attribution to three different loci, the self, another person and the situation; and further explores correlations with clinical scales (i.e. depression, anxiety and autism) in a typical population. While they underwent functional magnetic resonance imaging, 20 participants read short sentences about another person ('someone') who engaged in behaviors with the participant or made comments about the participant. The participants then attributed these behaviors to three attribution loci: themselves, the other person or the situation. The results revealed common activation across the three attribution loci in the bilateral temporo-parietal junction (TPJ), left posterior superior temporal sulcus, precuneus and right temporal pole (TP). Comparisons between the attribution loci revealed very little differences, except for increased activation of the right TP while making attributions to the situation compared with the self. In addition, when making attributions to the situation or other persons for negative events, there were reliable correlations between low activity in the left TPJ and high levels of anxiety and problematic social interaction in autism. The results indicate that attributions to different loci are based on the same underlying brain process, which might be atypical among persons with anxiety or autism symptoms.
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Differential expression of natural killer activating and inhibitory receptors in patients with newly diagnosed systemic lupus erythematosus.
Int J Rheum Dis
PUBLISHED: 03-13-2014
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Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) presents as the abnormal activation and over-proliferation of immune competent cells. Few studies have characterized the role of natural killer (NK) and NK T (NKT) cells in the pathogenesis of SLE, and therefore a consensus has not been reached as yet.
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Overexpression of miR-483-5p/3p cooperate to inhibit mouse liver fibrosis by suppressing the TGF-? stimulated HSCs in transgenic mice.
J. Cell. Mol. Med.
PUBLISHED: 03-10-2014
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The transition from liver fibrosis to hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) has been suggested to be a continuous and developmental pathological process. MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are recently discovered molecules that regulate the expression of genes involved in liver disease. Many reports demonstrate that miR-483-5p and miR-483-3p, which originate from miR-483, are up-regulated in HCC, and their oncogenic targets have been identified. However, recent studies have suggested that miR-483-5p/3p is partially down-regulated in HCC samples and is down-regulated in rat liver fibrosis. Therefore, the aberrant expression and function of miR-483 in liver fibrosis remains elusive. In this study, we demonstrate that overexpression of miR-483 in vivo inhibits mouse liver fibrosis induced by CCl4 . We demonstrate that miR-483-5p/3p acts together to target two pro-fibrosis factors, platelet-derived growth factor-? and tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinase 2, which suppress the activation of hepatic stellate cells (HSC) LX-2. Our work identifies the pathway that regulates liver fibrosis by inhibiting the activation of HSCs.
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Separation of Rebaudiana A from Steviol glycoside using a polymeric adsorbent with multi-hydrogen bonding in a non-aqueous system.
J. Chromatogr. B Analyt. Technol. Biomed. Life Sci.
PUBLISHED: 03-08-2014
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Rebaudioside A (RA) and stevioside (SS) are the primary effective glycoside components in Stevia Rebaudiana. The RA glycoside is sweeter, and it tastes similarly to sucrose. Because extracts with a high RA content can be used as natural sweeteners for food additives approved by the FAO and FDA, RA should generate high market demand. In this study, an efficient method for separating RA was established based on the synergistic multi-hydrogen bonding interaction between a polymeric adsorbent and the RA glycoside. To overcome the destruction of the hydrophobic affinity required for the selective adsorption of RA, an innovative non-aqueous environment was established for adsorption and separation. To this end, an initial polymeric adsorbent composed of a glycidyl methacrylate and trimethylolpropane trimethacrylate (GMA-co-TMPTMA) copolymer matrix was synthesized, and polyethylene polyamine was employed as a functional reagent designed to react with the epoxy group on GME-co-TMPTMA to form a highly selective macroporous adsorbent. The effects of the different functional reagents and the solvent polarity on the adsorption selectivity for RA and SS, respectively, were investigated. Matching the structure of the polyethylene polyamine and sugar ligand on the glycoside molecule was essential in ensuring that the maximum synergistic interaction between adsorbent and adsorbate would be achieved. Moreover, the hydrogen-bonding force was observed to increase when the polarity of the adsorption solvent decreased. Therefore, among the synthesized macroporous polymeric adsorbents, the GTN4 adsorbent-bonding tetraethylenepentamine functional group provided the best separation in an n-butyl alcohol solution. Under the optimized gradient elution conditions, RA and SS can be effectively separated, and the contents of RA and SS increased from 33.5% and 51.5% in the initial crude extract to 95.4% and 78.2% after separation, respectively. Compared to conventional methods, the adsorption-desorption process is more advanced due to its procedural simplicity, low cost and adaptability for industrial production.
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Formation of the Nitrative DNA Lesion 8-Nitroguanine is Associated with Asbestos Contents in Human Lung Tissues: A Pilot Study.
J Occup Health
PUBLISHED: 03-04-2014
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Asbestos causes lung cancer and malignant mesothelioma, and chronic inflammation is considered to participate in carcinogenesis. However, biomarkers to evaluate its carcinogenic risk have not been established. Reactive oxygen/nitrogen species are generated in biological systems under inflammatory conditions and may contribute to carcinogenesis by causing DNA damage. In this study, we examined the relationship between the formation of 8-nitroguanine (8-nitroG), a mutagenic DNA lesion formed during inflammation, and asbestos contents in human lung tissues.
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Relationships of alpha-SMA-positive fibroblasts and SDF-1-positive tumor cells with neoangiogenesis in nasopharyngeal carcinoma.
Biomed Res Int
PUBLISHED: 02-28-2014
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Nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) is one of the most prevalent malignant tumors with poor prognosis in Southern China and Southeast Asia. Angiogenesis-related molecules can be promising therapeutic targets in NPC. To investigate the relationships of cancer-associated fibroblasts (CAFs) and chemokine-related molecules with neoangiogenesis, we compared immunohistochemical analyses of alpha-smooth-muscle actin (?-SMA), stroma-derived factor-1 (SDF-1), and its receptor CXCR4 in primary NPC specimens and chronic nasopharyngitis tissues. In addition, we examined the expression of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF-A), and CD133- and VEGF- receptor-2 (VEGFR-2) double positive cells, as endothelial progenitor cells (EPCs). We also assessed CD34-positive microvessels. Significantly higher expression of ? -SMA was observed in fibroblasts in NPC stroma. The immunoreactive intensities of SDF-1 and CXCR4 were significantly higher in NPC cells. CXCR4-positive cells and CD133/VEGFR-2- double positive cells were observed in the stroma surrounding cancer nests, and VEGF was detected in both cancer and stromal cells. Microvessel density was significantly higher in the stroma of NPC tissues compared to chronic nasopharyngitis tissues. Our data suggest that CAFs and NPC tumor cells may enhance neoangiogenesis in a VEGF- and SDF-1-dependent manner by recruiting EPCs from the bone marrow into tumor stroma.
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Taurine improves the spatial learning and memory ability impaired by sub-chronic manganese exposure.
J. Biomed. Sci.
PUBLISHED: 02-15-2014
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Excessive manganese exposure induced cognitive deficit. Several lines of evidence have demonstrated that taurine improves cognitive impairment induced by numerous neurotoxins. However, the role of taurine on manganese-induced damages in learning and memory is still elusive. This goal of this study was to investigate the beneficial effect of taurine on learning and memory capacity impairment by manganese exposure in an animal model.
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In vivo and in vitro metabolism of aspirin eugenol ester in dog by liquid chromatography tandem mass spectrometry.
Biomed. Chromatogr.
PUBLISHED: 02-13-2014
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Aspirin eugenol ester (AEE) is a promising drug candidate for treatment of inflammation, pain and fever and prevention of cardiovascular diseases with fewer side effects than its precursor, aspirin. Investigation into its metabolic process in target animal species will help to illustrate its mechanism of action and to establish its residual mark compound to formulate its dosage. Six beagle dogs were orally given a dose of 20 mg kg(-1) of AEE and one dog was used to prepare blank liver microsomes. Their liver microsomes were prepared for in vitro study and their plasma and urine were collected for in vivo metabolic analysis using liquid chromatography tandem mass spectrometry. In this study we identified 10 metabolites, M1, M2, M3, M4, M5 in phase I and M6, M7, M8, M9, M10 in phase II. Based on the metabolites of AEE, the pathways of AEE metabolism in dog were demonstrated. Copyright © 2014 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
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Five new alkaloids from the stem bark of Daphniphyllum macropodum.
Molecules
PUBLISHED: 02-11-2014
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Five new alkaloids, daphnicyclidins M and N (compounds 1 and 2) and calyciphyllines Q-S (compounds 3-5), along with four known ones, paxiphylline C (6), macropodumine B (7), macropodumine C (8) and daphnicyclidin A (9) were isolated from the stem bark of Daphniphyllum macropodum. Calyciphylline Q (3) is the first calyciphylline A derivative possessing a double bond between C-18 and C-19. Their structures and relative configurations were elucidated on the basis of spectroscopic methods, especially 2D NMR techniques. Compounds 1, 2, 8 and 9 exhibited cytotoxic activity against P-388 cells with IC?? values of 5.7, 6.5, 10.3 and 13.8 µM, respectively. Compounds 1 and 2 also showed cytotoxic activity against SGC-7901 cells with IC?? values of 22.4 and 25.6 µM.
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Cognitive improvement of mice induced by exercise prior to traumatic brain injury is associated with cytochrome c oxidase.
Neurosci. Lett.
PUBLISHED: 01-27-2014
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Though the evidence demonstrated that voluntary exercise programs could be implemented to enhance recovery of cognitive function induced by traumatic brain injury (TBI), the exact mechanisms were still not known. We proposed that the cognitive improvement induced by exercise in TBI mice is associated with cytochrome c oxidase (COX). To demonstrate this hypothesis, adult mice were housed with or without access to a running wheel (RW) for three weeks followed by TBI operation. Acquisition of spatial learning and memory retention was assessed by using the Morris Water Maze (MWM) on days 15 post TBI. The synaptic density was measured by Golji staining. Immunohistochemistry (IHC) for NeuN, GFAP and growth associated protein 43 (GAP43) were also performed. Using Western blot, the expressions of COX I, II, III, BDNF, synapsin I, synaptophysin (SYP) and GAP43 in hippocampus of TBI mice were determinated. Lastly, CcO activity and ATP amount were also detected. Results showed that voluntary exercise prior TBI: (i) counteracted the cognitive deficits and neuron and synaptic density loss associated with the injury; (ii) increased the levels of COX I, II, III, BDNF, synapsin I, SYP and GAP43; (iii) switched the mitochondrial CcO activity and ATP amounts. These studies demonstrated that the COX plays an important role in exercise's cognitive effects in TBI model and also provide evidence that RW training is a promise exercise for traumatically injured mice.
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MicroRNA-328 as a regulator of cardiac hypertrophy.
Int. J. Cardiol.
PUBLISHED: 01-22-2014
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Cardiac hypertrophy is a primary predictor of progressive heart disease that often results in heart failure. Growing evidence has demonstrated that microRNAs (miRNAs) play a critical role in regulating cardiac hypertrophy. This study was designed to evaluate the effect of miR-328 on cardiac hypertrophy and the potential molecular mechanisms. We found that transgenic overexpression of miR-328 in the heart induced cardiac hypertrophy in mice, which was accompanied by reduced SERCA2a level increased intracellular calcium concentration and calcineurin protein level, and enhanced NFATc3 nuclear translocation. However, normalization of miR-328 level by its antisense chemically modified with locked nucleic acid (LNA-antimiR-328) reversed the changes. Forced expression of miR-328 resulted in cardiomyocyte hypertrophy in cultured neonatal rat ventricular cells, which was accompanied by downregulation of SERCA2a expression and activation of the calcineurin/NFATc3 signaling pathway. These changes were abolished by LNA-antimiR-328. We validated the SERCA2a as a direct target for miR-328. MiR-328 expression was upregulated in cardiomyocyte treated with isoproterenol (ISO) to induce hypertrophy; while knockdown of miR-328 attenuated the hypertrophic responses. The level of miR-328 was significantly elevated in a mouse model of hypertrophy by thoracic aortic banding (TAC). Consistently, SERCA2a was downregulated, whereas calcineurin were upregulated, and NFATc3 nuclear translocation was enhanced. In contrast, hypertrophy in these mice was significantly alleviated when treated with miR-328 antisense. MiR-328 promotes cardiac hypertrophy by targeting SERCA2a. Our study therefore uncovered a novel molecular mechanism for cardiac hypertrophy and indicated miR-328 as a potential therapeutic target for this cardiac condition.
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Bioaccumulation of cadmium by growing Zygosaccharomyces rouxii and Saccharomyces cerevisiae.
Bioresour. Technol.
PUBLISHED: 01-21-2014
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Bioaccumulation via growing cells is a potential technique for heavy metal removal from food materials. The cadmium bioaccumulation characteristics by growing Zygosaccharomyces rouxii and Saccharomyces cerevisiae were investigated. Z. rouxii displayed powerful cadmium removal ability at low cadmium concentrations, which mainly depended on the intracellular cadmium bioaccumulation. The percentage of intracellular cadmium bioaccumulation of both yeasts obviously decreased with the increase of initial biomass and cadmium concentrations. Low pH and elevated concentrations of zinc and copper significantly decreased the intracellular cadmium bioaccumulation of both yeasts but improved the cadmium tolerance and the cell-surface cadmium bioaccumulation of Z. rouxii. Cadmium removal of Z. rouxii was improved by zinc and copper conditionally. Z. rouxii that possessed more powerful cadmium tolerance and removal ability at low pH and high concentration of competing ions can be developed into a potential cadmium removal agent using in complex food environment in future.
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Endovascular recanalization for chronic symptomatic intracranial vertebral artery total occlusion.
Minim Invasive Surg
PUBLISHED: 01-12-2014
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Purpose. The outcome of recanalization in patients with chronic symptomatic intracranial vertebral artery (ICVA) total occlusion is poor. This paper reports the technical feasibility and long-term outcome of ICVA stenting in patients with chronic symptomatic total occlusion. Methods. Retrospective review of our prospectively maintained intracranial intervention database to identify patients with symptomatic total occlusion of ICVA with revascularization attempted >1 month after index ischemic event. Results. Eight patients (mean age 58 years) were identified. One had stroke and 7 had recurrent transient ischemic attacks. Four had bilateral ICVA total occlusion and 4 had unilateral ICVA total occlusion with severe stenosis contralaterally. Seven of 8 patients underwent endovascular recanalization, which was achieved in 6. Periprocedural complications included cerebellum hemorrhage, arterial dissection, perforation, and subacute in-stent thrombosis which occurred in 3 patients. One patient died of cerebellum hemorrhage. The other patients improved clinically after endovascular therapy. Conclusions. Stent-supported recanalization of ICVA total occlusion is technically feasible, and may become a viable treatment option in selected patients.
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Effect of elbow flexion angles on stress distribution of the proximal ulnar and radius bones under a vertical load: measurement using resistance strain gauges.
J Orthop Surg Res
PUBLISHED: 01-05-2014
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This study aimed to explore the surface stress at the proximal ends of the ulna and radius at different elbow flexion angles using the resistance strain method.
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Quality and antitumour activity evaluation of extract of Hypericum ascyron.
Biomed. Chromatogr.
PUBLISHED: 01-02-2014
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Similarity assessment of complex chromatographic profiles is a potential tool for the identification and quality control of herbal medicinal products to guarantee the expected biological activity. In this paper, a high-performance liquid chromatography method was established for controlling the quality of extract of Hypericum ascyron for the first time. With this method, the correlation coefficients of similarity of 10 batches extract of H. ascyron were >0.97. The extract of H. ascyron displayed steadily inhibitorty activities on the growth of human cervical cancer Hela cell lines. Therefore, the present study successfully set up a sensitive efficient method which might confirm stable biological activity of the extract of H. ascyron. Copyright © 2014 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
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Is the Excessive Use of Microblogs an Internet Addiction? Developing a Scale for Assessing the Excessive Use of Microblogs in Chinese College Students.
PLoS ONE
PUBLISHED: 01-01-2014
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More and more college students are using microblogs, with some excessive users demonstrating addiction-like symptoms. However, there is currently no published scale available for use in assessing excessive use of these microblogs, a significant impediment to advancing this area of research. We collected data from 3,047 college students in China and developed a Microblog Excessive Use Scale (MEUS) for Chinese college students, comparing it with criteria used for assessing Internet addiction. Our diagnostic scale featured three factors, two of which-"withdrawal and health problem" and "time management and performance"-are already included in Internet addiction assessment scales. The third factor, "social comfort," does not appear in Internet addiction assessment scales. Our study found that females have significantly higher MEUS scores than males, and that total MEUS scores positively correlated with scores from "self-disclosure" and "real social interaction" scales. These findings differ from results obtained in previous investigations into Internet addiction. Our results indicate that some characteristics of the excessive use of microblogs are different to those of Internet addiction, suggesting that microblog overuse may not correspond exactly to the state of Internet addiction.
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The MluI Cell Cycle Box (MCB) Motifs, but Not Damage-Responsive Elements (DREs), Are Responsible for the Transcriptional Induction of the rhp51+ Gene in Response to DNA Replication Stress.
PLoS ONE
PUBLISHED: 01-01-2014
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DNA replication stress induces the transcriptional activation of rhp51+, a fission yeast recA homolog required for repair of DNA double strand breaks. However, the mechanism by which DNA replication stress activates rhp51+ transcription is not understood. The promoter region of rhp51+ contains two damage-responsive elements (DREs) and two MluI cell cycle box (MCB) motifs. Using luciferase reporter assays, we examined the role of these elements in rhp51+ transcription. The full-length rhp51+ promoter and a promoter fragment containing MCB motifs only, but not a fragment containing DREs, mediated transcriptional activation upon DNA replication stress. Removal of the MCB motifs from the rhp51+ promoter abolished the induction of rhp51+ transcription by DNA replication stress. Consistent with a role for MCB motifs in rhp51+ transcription activation, deletion of the MBF (MCB-binding factor) co-repressors Nrm1 and Yox1 precluded rhp51+ transcriptional induction in response to DNA replication stress. Using cells deficient in checkpoint signaling molecules, we found that the Rad3-Cds1/Chk1 pathway partially mediated rhp51+ transcription in response to DNA replication stress, suggesting the involvement of unidentified checkpoint signaling pathways. Because MBF is critical for G1/S transcription, we examined how the cell cycle affected rhp51+ transcription. The transcription of rhp51+ and cdc18+, an MBF-dependent G1/S gene, peaked simultaneously in synchronized cdc25-22 cells. Furthermore, DNA replication stress maintained transcription of rhp51+ similarly to cdc18+. Collectively, these results suggest that MBF and its regulators mediate rhp51+ transcription in response to DNA replication stress, and underlie rhp51+ transcription at the G1/S transition.
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Desferrioxamine regulates HIF-1 alpha expression in neonatal rat brain after hypoxia-ischemia.
Am J Transl Res
PUBLISHED: 01-01-2014
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Hypoxia-inducible factor 1? (HIF-1?) promotes cell survival after hypoxia-ischemia by regulating its target genes. Desferrioxamine (DFO) has been found to up-regulate HIF-1? expression in ischemia brain injury. However, the signaling pathway to mediate this regulation remains unclear in neonatal hypoxia-ischemia brain damage (HIBD). Since phosphoinositide 3-kinase (PI3K/Akt) pathway and extracellular signal-related protein kinase pathway (Erk1/2 MAPK) have proven to be involved in the regulation of HIF-1? in neonatal rat brain after hypoxia-ischemia (HI), we hypothesized that DFO might regulate HIF-1? by activating PI3K/Akt and Erk1/2 MAPK pathways in developing rat brain after HI. To test this hypothesis, we subjected postnatal day 10 rats to DFO intraperitoneal injection 30 min before HI. Rat brains were collected to detect the expression of HIF-1? and its target gene VEGF, as well as PI3K/Akt and Erk1/2 MAPK using Western blot analysis. We found that the expression of HIF-1?, VEGF, and p-Erk1/2 was significantly upregulated and peaked at 4 h after HI in DFO treated group, with higher level and earlier peak time than control group. However, the expression of p-Akt was unchanged in DFO treated group compared with control group. Our findings suggest that DFO might up-regulate HIF-1? and its target gene VEGF through Erk1/2 MAPK pathway in the developing rat brain after HI.
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The prognostic value of CXCR4 in ovarian cancer: a meta-analysis.
PLoS ONE
PUBLISHED: 01-01-2014
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Recent reports have shown that C-X-C chemokine receptor 4 (CXCR4) is expressed in ovarian cancer and plays an important role in metastasis. However, the prognostic value of CXCR4 in ovarian cancer remains controversial and has not been emphasized. The aim of this study is to evaluate the prognostic significance of CXCR4 in ovarian cancer by performing a meta-analysis.
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Photophysical and Dynamical Properties of Doubly Linked Cy3-DNA Constructs.
J Phys Chem B
PUBLISHED: 12-20-2013
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Photophysical measurements are reported for Cy3-DNA constructs in which both Cy3 nitrogen atoms are attached to the DNA backbone by short linkers. While this linking was thought to rigidify the orientation of the dye and hinder cis-isomerization, the relatively low fluorescence quantum yield and the presence of a short component in the time-resolved fluorescence decay of the dye indicated that cis-isomerization remained possible. Fluorescence correlation spectroscopy and transient absorption experiments showed that photoisomerization occurred with high efficiency. Molecular dynamics simulations of the trans dye system indicated the presence of stacked and unstacked states, and free energy simulations showed that the barriers for stacking/unstacking were low. In addition, simulations showed that the ground cis state was feasible without DNA distortions. Based on these observations, a model is put forward in which the doubly linked dye can photoisomerize in the unstacked state.
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[Effectiveness of open reduction and internal fixation for Bosworth fracture].
Zhongguo Xiu Fu Chong Jian Wai Ke Za Zhi
PUBLISHED: 11-28-2013
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To explore the operative methods and effectiveness of open reduction and internal fixation for Bosworth fracture.
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[Foodborne illness report systems in China].
Wei Sheng Yan Jiu
PUBLISHED: 11-14-2013
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To introduce the current foodborne illness report system in China.
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Modeling, Synthesis, and Biological Evaluation of Potential Retinoid X Receptor (RXR) Selective Agonists: Novel Analogues of 4-[1-(3,5,5,8,8-Pentamethyl-5,6,7,8-tetrahydro-2-naphthyl)ethynyl]benzoic Acid (Bexarotene) and (E)-3-(3-(1,2,3,4-tetrahydro-1,1,4
J. Med. Chem.
PUBLISHED: 11-01-2013
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Three unreported analogues of 4-[1-(3,5,5,8,8-pentamethyl-5-6-7-8-tetrahydro-2-naphthyl)ethynyl]benzoic acid (1), otherwise known as bexarotene, as well as four novel analogues of (E)-3-(3-(1,2,3,4-tetrahydro-1,1,4,4,6-pentamethylnaphthalen-7-yl)-4-hydroxyphenyl)acrylic acid (CD3254), are described and evaluated for their retinoid X receptor (RXR) selective agonism. Compound 1 has FDA approval as a treatment for cutaneous T-cell lymphoma (CTCL), although treatment with 1 can elicit side-effects by disrupting other RXR-heterodimer receptor pathways. Of the seven modeled novel compounds, all analogues stimulate RXR-regulated transcription in mammalian 2 hybrid and RXRE-mediated assays, possess comparable or elevated biological activity based on EC50 profiles, and retain similar or improved apoptotic activity in CTCL assays compared to 1. All novel compounds demonstrate selectivity for RXR and minimal crossover onto the retinoic acid receptor (RAR) compared to all-trans-retinoic acid, with select analogues also reducing inhibition of other RXR-dependent pathways (e.g., VDR-RXR). Our results demonstrate that further improvements in biological potency and selectivity of bexarotene can be achieved through rational drug design.
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Expression Pattern of Class B Gene PAP3 in Flower Development of Pepper.
Int J Mol Sci
PUBLISHED: 10-30-2013
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Class B gene APETALA3 (AP3) plays a key role in the development of petals and stamens. Here, we investigated the expression pattern of PAP3 gene (genbank accession number: HM104635) in the buds of cytoplasmic male sterility line 121A and its near-isogenic restorer line 121C at four developmental stages and analyzed the possible association between Class B genes and cytoplasmic male sterility of pepper. Semi-quantitative PCR and quantitative real-time RT-PCR (qRT-PCR) as well as RNA in situ hybridization showed increased expression of PAP3 at late phase of anther development and its higher expression in restorer line compared with sterility line indicating PAP3s role at late developmental stage of anther and suppressed expression in sterility line. RNA in situ hybridization showed Class B gene features: high abundance in stamen and petal; lower expression in pistil; no expression in sepal. Results of transient expression in onion epidermal cells also showed PAP3 localized in the nucleus, which is consistent with the expression pattern of transcription factors of MADS-box gene family.
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Transcription Activator-like Effector Nuclease (TALEN)-mediated Gene Correction in Integration-free ?-Thalassemia Induced Pluripotent Stem Cells.
J. Biol. Chem.
PUBLISHED: 10-23-2013
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?-Thalassemia (?-Thal) is a group of life-threatening blood disorders caused by either point mutations or deletions of nucleotides in ?-globin gene (HBB). It is estimated that 4.5% of the population in the world carry ?-Thal mutants (1), posing a persistent threat to public health. The generation of patient-specific induced pluripotent stem cells (iPSCs) and subsequent correction of the disease-causing mutations offer an ideal therapeutic solution to this problem. However, homologous recombination-based gene correction in human iPSCs remains largely inefficient. Here, we describe a robust process combining efficient generation of integration-free ?-Thal iPSCs from the cells of patients and transcription activator-like effector nuclease (TALEN)-based universal correction of HBB mutations in situ. We generated integration-free and gene-corrected iPSC lines from two patients carrying different types of homozygous mutations and showed that these iPSCs are pluripotent and have normal karyotype. We showed that the correction process did not generate TALEN-induced off targeting mutations by sequencing. More importantly, the gene-corrected ?-Thal iPS cell lines from each patient can be induced to differentiate into hematopoietic progenitor cells and then further to erythroblasts expressing normal ?-globin. Our studies provide an efficient and universal strategy to correct different types of ?-globin mutations in ?-Thal iPSCs for disease modeling and applications.
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Functional variants in NBS1 and cancer risk: evidence from a meta-analysis of 60 publications with 111 individual studies.
Mutagenesis
PUBLISHED: 10-10-2013
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Several potentially functional variants of Nijmegen breakage syndrome 1 (NBS1) have been implicated in cancer risk, but individually studies showed inconclusive results. In this study, a meta-analysis based on 60 publications with a total of 39 731 cancer cases and 64 957 controls was performed. The multivariate method and the model-free method were adopted to determine the best genetic model. It was found that rs2735383 variant genotypes were associated with significantly increased overall risk of cancer under the recessive genetic model [odds ratio (OR) =1.12, 95% confidence interval (CI): 1.02-1.22, P = 0.013]. Similar results were found for rs1063054 under the dominant model effect (OR = 1.12, 95% CI: 1.01-1.23, P = 0.024). The I171V mutation, 657del5 mutation and R215W mutation also contribute to the development of cancer (for I171V, OR = 3.93, 95% CI: 1.68-9.20, P = 0.002; for 657del5, OR = 2.79, 95% CI: 2.17-3.68, P < 0.001; for R215W, OR = 1.77, 95% CI: 1.07-2.91, P = 0.025). From stratification analyses, an effect modification of cancer risks was found in the subgroups of tumour site and ethnicity for rs2735383, whereas the I171V, 657del5 and R215W showed a deleterious effect of cancer susceptibility in the subgroups of tumour site. However, rs1805794, D95N and P266L did not appear to have an effect on cancer risk. These results suggest that rs2735383, rs1063054, I171V, 657del5 and R215W are low-penetrance risk factors for cancer development.
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Dissociation of a trait and a valence representation in the mPFC.
Soc Cogn Affect Neurosci
PUBLISHED: 08-22-2013
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A previous functional MRI adaptation study on trait inference indicated that a trait code is located in the ventral medial prefrontal cortex (vmPFC), but could not rule out that this adaptation effect is due to the traits underlying valence. To address this issue, we presented sentences describing positive and negative valences of either a human trait or object characteristic, and manipulated whether the human trait or object characteristic was repeated or not, either with the same or opposite valance. In two trait conditions, a behavioral trait-implying sentence was preceded by a prime sentence that implied the same or the opposite trait. The results confirmed the earlier finding of robust trait adaptation from prime to target in the vmPFC, and also found adaptation in the precuneus and right mid-occipital cortex. In contrast, no valence adaptation was found in two novel object conditions, in which the target sentence again implied a positive or negative trait, but was preceded by a prime sentence that described an object with the same or the opposite valence. Together with the previous study, this indicates that a specific trait code, but not a generalized valence code, is represented in the vmPFC.
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HIV Related High Risk Behaviors and Willingness to Participate in HIV Vaccine Trials among China MSM by Computer Assisted Self-Interviewing Survey.
Biomed Res Int
PUBLISHED: 08-20-2013
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Background. The number of new HIV infections among MSM of China is rapidly increasing in recent years and behavioral interventions have had limited effectiveness. To control the HIV pandemic may lie in an HIV vaccine. This study examined the factors associated with willingness to participate (WTP) in HIV vaccine clinical trials among China MSM. Methods. A cross-sectional survey was carried out among MSM from three cities in northeast China. Questionnaires pertaining to MSM risk behavior and WTP in HIV vaccine trials were administered through computer assisted self-interviewing (CASI). Results. A total of 626 MSM participated in this survey. 54.8% had occasional male partners and 52.2% always used condoms with male sex partners. HIV prevalence was 5.0%. 76.7% were WTP in a preventive HIV vaccine clinical trial. Results showed that HIV vaccination is a means of protection for spouses and family; family support to participate in vaccine trials and desire for economic incentives were significantly associated with WTP. Conclusions. There was a high proportion of WTP in HIV vaccine trials among Chinese MSM. The high HIV prevalence and high proportion of risky sexual behavior indicate that Liaoning MSM are potential candidates for HIV vaccine trials.
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Entrapment of a micro-guidewire during stenting of basilar stenosis.
J Neurointerv Surg
PUBLISHED: 08-13-2013
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Entrapment of a microwire related to intracranial endovascular therapy is an uncommon complication. A 64-year-old man with symptomatic basilar artery stenosis was treated with stenting. A 300 cm Synchro microwire became trapped in the P1 segment of the left posterior cerebral artery during the procedure. The decision was made to leave the microwire in place, considering that aggressive retrieval procedures could cause injury to the cerebral vasculature. The entrapped microwire was later inadvertently dislocated and removed while pulling the microwire back into the femoral artery with a looped catheter from the left femoral access. This demonstrates that, although entrapment of a microwire during endovascular therapy is a rare event, an optimal salvage technique needs to be explored further.
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TORC1 signaling is governed by two negative regulators in fission yeast.
Genetics
PUBLISHED: 08-09-2013
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The target of rapamycin (TOR) is a highly conserved protein kinase that regulates cell growth and metabolism. Here we performed a genome-wide screen to identify negative regulators of TOR complex 1 (TORC1) in Schizosaccharomyces pombe by isolating mutants that phenocopy ?tsc2, in which TORC1 signaling is known to be up-regulated. We discovered that ?npr2 displayed similar phenotypes to ?tsc2 in terms of amino acid uptake defects and mislocalization of the Cat1 permease. However, ?npr2 and ?tsc2 clearly showed different phenotypes in terms of rapamycin supersensitivity and Isp5 transcription upon various treatments. Furthermore, we showed that Tor2 controls amino acid homeostasis at the transcriptional and post-transcriptional levels. Our data reveal that both Npr2 and Tsc2 negatively regulate TORC1 signaling, and Npr2, but not Tsc2, may be involved in the feedback loop of a nutrient-sensing pathway.
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Entrapment of a micro-guidewire during stenting of basilar stenosis.
BMJ Case Rep
PUBLISHED: 08-03-2013
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Entrapment of a microwire related to intracranial endovascular therapy is an uncommon complication. A 64-year-old man with symptomatic basilar artery stenosis was treated with stenting. A 300 cm Synchro microwire became trapped in the P1 segment of the left posterior cerebral artery during the procedure. The decision was made to leave the microwire in place, considering that aggressive retrieval procedures could cause injury to the cerebral vasculature. The entrapped microwire was later inadvertently dislocated and removed while pulling the microwire back into the femoral artery with a looped catheter from the left femoral access. This demonstrates that, although entrapment of a microwire during endovascular therapy is a rare event, an optimal salvage technique needs to be explored further.
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DNA Damage in Inflammation-Related Carcinogenesis and Cancer Stem Cells.
Oxid Med Cell Longev
PUBLISHED: 08-02-2013
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Infection and chronic inflammation have been recognized as important factors for carcinogenesis. Under inflammatory conditions, reactive oxygen species (ROS) and reactive nitrogen species (RNS) are generated from inflammatory and epithelial cells and result in oxidative and nitrative DNA damage, such as 8-oxo-7,8-dihydro-2-deoxyguanosine (8-oxodG) and 8-nitroguanine. The DNA damage can cause mutations and has been implicated in the initiation and/or promotion of inflammation-mediated carcinogenesis. It has been estimated that various infectious agents are carcinogenic to humans (IARC group 1), including parasites (Schistosoma haematobium (SH) and Opisthorchis viverrini (OV)), viruses (hepatitis C virus (HCV), human papillomavirus (HPV), and Epstein-Barr virus (EBV)), and bacterium Helicobacter pylori (HP). SH, OV, HCV, HPV, EBV, and HP are important risk factors for bladder cancer, cholangiocarcinoma, hepatocellular carcinoma, cervical cancer, nasopharyngeal carcinoma, and gastric cancer, respectively. We demonstrated that 8-nitroguanine was strongly formed via inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) expression at these cancer sites of patients. Moreover, 8-nitroguanine was formed in Oct3/4-positive stem cells in SH-associated bladder cancer tissues and in Oct3/4- and CD133-positive stem cells in OV-associated cholangiocarcinoma tissues. Therefore, it is considered that oxidative and nitrative DNA damage in stem cells may play a key role in inflammation-related carcinogenesis.
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Effect of cAMP on short-circuit current in isolated human ciliary body.
Chin. Med. J.
PUBLISHED: 07-24-2013
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Cyclic adenosine monophosphate (cAMP) could activate chloride channels in bovine ciliary body and trigger an increase in the ionic current (short-circuit current, Isc) across the ciliary processes in pigs. The purpose of this study was to investigate how cAMP modulates Isc in isolated human ciliary processes and the possible involvement of chloride transport across the tissue in cAMP-induced Isc change.
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[Cloning, expression and characterization of alcohol dehydrogenase and aldehyde dehydrogenase from Bacillus pseudofirmus OF4].
Wei Sheng Wu Xue Bao
PUBLISHED: 07-18-2013
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To clone and characterize the alcohol dehydrogenase (ADH) and aldehyde dehydrogenase (ALDH) from Bacillus pseudofirmus OF4.
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Inflammation-related DNA damage and expression of CD133 and Oct3/4 in cholangiocarcinoma patients with poor prognosis.
Free Radic. Biol. Med.
PUBLISHED: 07-06-2013
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Nitrative and oxidative DNA damage plays an important role in inflammation-related carcinogenesis. Chronic inflammation such as parasite infection and primary sclerosing cholangitis can be an etiological factor of cholangiocarcinoma. Using a proteomic approach and double-fluorescent staining, we identified high expression and colocalization of albumin and cytokeratin-19 in liver fluke-associated cholangiocarcinoma tissues, compared with normal livers from cholangiocarcinoma patients and cadaveric donors, respectively. Albumin was detected not only in cells of hyperplastic bile ducts and cholangiocarcinoma, but also in liver stem/progenitor cell origin, such as canal of Hering, ductules, and ductular reactions, suggesting the involvement of stem/progenitor cells in cholangiocarcinoma development. To clarify the involvement of liver stem/progenitor cells in cholangiocarcinoma, we examined several stem/progenitor cell markers (CD133, CD44, OV6, and Oct3/4) in cholangiocarcinoma tissues analyzed by immunohistochemical staining, and measured 8-oxodG levels by using HPLC-ECD as an inflammation-related DNA lesion. In addition, a stem/progenitor cell factor Bmi1, 8-nitroguanine (formed during nitrative DNA damage), DNA damage response (DDR) proteins (phosphorylated ATM and ?-H2AX), and manganese-SOD (Mn-SOD) were analyzed by immunohistochemistry. Stem/progenitor cell markers (CD133, OV6, CD44, and Oct3/4) were positively stained in 56, 38, 47, and 56% of 34 cholangiocarcinoma cases, respectively. Quantitative analysis of 8-oxodG revealed significantly increased levels in CD133- and/or Oct3/4-positive tumor tissues compared to negative tumor tissues, as well as 8-nitroguanine formation detected by immunohistochemistry. In the cases of CD44- and/or OV6-positive tissue, no significant difference was observed. Cholangiocarcinoma patients with CD133- and/or Oct3/4-positive tumor tissues showed significantly lower expression of Mn-SOD and higher DDR protein, ?-H2AX. Moreover, CD133- and/or Oct3/4-positive cholangiocarcinoma patients had significant associations with tumor histology types, tumor stage, and poor prognoses. Our results suggest that CD133 and Oct3/4 in cholangiocarcinoma are associated with increased formation of DNA lesions and the DDR protein, which may be involved in genetic instability and lead to cholangiocarcinoma development with aggressive clinical features.
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The balance mediated by miRNAs and the heme oxygenase 1 feedback loop contributes to biological effects.
J. Cell. Biochem.
PUBLISHED: 07-02-2013
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Heme oxygenase-1 (HMOX1) is a ubiquitously expressed inducible enzyme that degrades heme to carbon monoxide, biliverdin, and free iron ions. Since 1950, many studies have revealed the role of HMOX1 in reducing the impact of oxidative stress in many types of diseases, such as Alzheimers disease, heart disease, and the development of tumors. These effects arise as a result of the removal of heme, the biological activities of the products of HMOX1 and the activity of HMOX1 itself. However, HMOX1 has some contradictory effects. The discovery of microRNAs (miRNAs) and their relationship with HMOX1 has provided a new direction for research in this field. Here, we discuss the role of a potential regulatory feedback loop between HMOX1 and miRNAs in pathological processes based on recently published data. We hope to describe a new mechanism for HMOX1 function based on miRNAs to address the contradictory results reported in the literature.
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[Effects of DiBP on the cAMP/PKA-CREB-BDNF signaling pathway of hippocampus in mice].
Wei Sheng Yan Jiu
PUBLISHED: 06-29-2013
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To explore the effects of diisobutyl phthalate (DiBP) on the cAMP/PKA-CREB signaling pathway of hippocampus in mice.
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Traits are represented in the medial prefrontal cortex: an fMRI adaptation study.
Soc Cogn Affect Neurosci
PUBLISHED: 06-18-2013
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Neuroimaging studies on trait inference about the self and others have found a network of brain areas, the critical part of which appears to be medial prefrontal cortex (mPFC). We investigated whether the mPFC plays an essential role in the neural representation of a trait code. To localize the trait code, we used functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) adaptation, which is a rapid suppression of neuronal responses upon repeated presentation of the same underlying stimulus, in this case, the implied trait. Participants had to infer an agents (social) trait from brief trait-implying behavioral descriptions. In each trial, the critical (target) sentence was preceded by a sentence (prime) that implied the same trait, the opposite trait, or no trait at all. The results revealed robust adaptation from prime to target in the ventral mPFC only during trait conditions, as expected. Adaptation was strongest after being primed with a similar trait, moderately strong after an opposite trait and much weaker after a trait-irrelevant prime. This adaptation pattern was found nowhere else in the brain. In line with previous research on fMRI adaptation, we interpret these findings as indicating that a trait code is represented in the ventral mPFC.
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[Progress in treatment of terrible triad of elbow].
Zhongguo Xiu Fu Chong Jian Wai Ke Za Zhi
PUBLISHED: 06-14-2013
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To review the injury mechanism and the treatment progress of terrible triad of the elbow, and to analyze the direction of further research.
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What is Visualize?

JoVE Visualize is a tool created to match the last 5 years of PubMed publications to methods in JoVE's video library.

How does it work?

We use abstracts found on PubMed and match them to JoVE videos to create a list of 10 to 30 related methods videos.

Video X seems to be unrelated to Abstract Y...

In developing our video relationships, we compare around 5 million PubMed articles to our library of over 4,500 methods videos. In some cases the language used in the PubMed abstracts makes matching that content to a JoVE video difficult. In other cases, there happens not to be any content in our video library that is relevant to the topic of a given abstract. In these cases, our algorithms are trying their best to display videos with relevant content, which can sometimes result in matched videos with only a slight relation.