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Find video protocols related to scientific articles indexed in Pubmed.
The clinical value of apex beat and electrocardiography for the detection of left ventricular hypertrophy from the standpoint of the distance factors from the heart to the chest wall: a multislice CT study.
Hypertens. Res.
PUBLISHED: 06-09-2011
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The aim of this study was to investigate the clinical value of the apex beat and two ECG voltage criteria in the detection of left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH) while considering two distances, from the heart to the inner chest wall and to the chest surface, measured by using multislice CT (MSCT). The study population consisted of 151 patients clinically judged as requiring MSCT angiography. The apex beat was palpated with patients in the supine. Sokolow-Lyon voltage and Cornell voltage to detect LVH were determined. The pattern of sustained or double apical impulse and Cornell voltage had higher specificity as an indicator of LVH than Sokolow-Lyon voltage. Furthermore, the distance to the inner chest wall was negatively correlated with left ventricular end-diastolic volume and mass. Contrarily, the distance to the chest surface was correlated with the body mass index. Multivariate analyses revealed that the pattern of sustained or double apical impulse showed a stronger association with the distance to the inner chest wall than to the chest surface, but Sokolow-Lyon voltage was associated with the distance to the chest surface. Among the screening tests for excluding patients with LVH, Cornell voltage or the apex beat would be better than Sokolow-Lyon voltage because these are less dependent on body size and have higher specificity.
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Utility of myocardial fractional flow reserve for prediction of restenosis following sirolimus-eluting stent implantation.
Heart Vessels
PUBLISHED: 01-08-2011
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Drug-eluting stents reduce restenosis due to neointimal growth suppression. Considering long-term outcomes, it is both difficult and important to predict drug-eluting stent restenosis. Thus, this study was designed to examine the utility of myocardial fractional flow reserve (FFR) as a predictor of sirolimus-eluting stent (SES) restenosis. Thirty-three patients (35 lesions) were enrolled. Upon completion of SES implantation, FFR was obtained under hyperemia. At 8 months of follow-up, coronary angiography revealed that five lesions had restenosis. Percent diameter stenosis (restenosis 68.7 ± 12.8% vs. non-restenosis 68.7 ± 12.4%, p = 0.78) and lesion length (restenosis 15.8 ± 9.4 mm vs. non-restenosis 14.4 ± 9.2 mm, p = 0.60) were similar. At post-intervention, percent diameter stenosis (restenosis 16.4 ± 6.1% vs. non-restenosis 14.0 ± 7.4%, p = 0.48) and minimum stent area (restenosis 6.01 ± 1.08 mm2 vs. non-restenosis 6.27 ± 1.85 mm2, p = 0.92) were also equivalent. However, proximal edge lumen area was smaller (restenosis 4.24 ± 1.40 mm2 vs. non-restenosis 7.73 ± 2.64 mm2, p = 0.004) and FFR was lower in the restenosis group (restenosis 0.81 ± 0.12 vs. non-restenosis 0.92 ± 0.06, p = 0.029). SES patients with restenosis had a lower FFR post stent deployment, suggesting the decreased FFR may be a useful predictor for SES restenosis.
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Neopterin and atherosclerotic plaque instability in coronary and carotid arteries.
J. Atheroscler. Thromb.
PUBLISHED: 08-05-2010
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Inflammation plays a key role in atherosclerosis and plaque vulnerability, and monocyte/macrophage activation contributes to these processes. Neopterin, a by-product of the guanosine triphosphate pathway, is produced by activated macrophages on stimulation with interferon-? released from T lymphocytes, and is an activation marker for monocytes/macrophages. Coronary angiographic studies have shown a relationship between increased circulating levels of neopterin and the presence of complex coronary lesions in patients with unstable angina pectoris (UAP). Furthermore, in an immunohistochemical study performed using coronary atherectomy specimens, a significantly higher prevalence of neopterin-positive macrophages was found in culprit lesions in patients with UAP than in those with stable angina pectoris (SAP). We recently clarified that the presence of complex carotid plaques detected by carotid ultrasound was related to increased circulating levels of neopterin, and immunohistochemical localization of neopterin was observed in complex carotid lesions obtained from carotid endarterectomy in patients with SAP. These findings suggest that neopterin is an important biomarker of plaque instability in both coronary and carotid atherosclerotic lesions.
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Absence of left ventricular concentric hypertrophy: a prerequisite for zero coronary calcium score.
Heart Vessels
PUBLISHED: 05-07-2010
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The identification and intervention of factors associated with a coronary artery calcification (CAC) score of zero, suggesting the absence of significant coronary artery disease (CAD) with high probability, would be meaningful in the clinical setting. Thus far, the relationship between CAC and left ventricular (LV) hypertrophy has not been documented. We identified factors associated with a CAC score of zero and evaluated the relationship between this score and LV concentric hypertrophy in 309 consecutive patients with suspected CAD who were clinically indicated to undergo multislice computed tomography angiography for coronary artery evaluation. The quantitative CAC score was calculated according to Agatstons method. The total coronary calcium score (TCS) was defined as the sum of the scores for each lesion. Four absolute TCS categories were considered: zero, mild (0-100), moderate (100-400), and severe (>400). LV hypertrophy was classified into concentric (LV mass index >104 g/m(2) in women or >116 g/m(2) in men; LV end-diastolic volume index ?109.2 mL/m(2)) and eccentric (LV end-diastolic volume index >109.2 mL/m(2)) patterns. In the zero-TCS group, the frequency of LV concentric hypertrophy was extremely low (zero 6%, mild 17%, moderate 26%, severe 19%). Multivariate analysis revealed that age, hypercholesterolemia, diabetes mellitus, LV concentric hypertrophy, and LV mass index, but not hypertension, were the independent factors associated with a CAC score of zero. The present study demonstrated that the absence of LV concentric hypertrophy was a prerequisite for a CAC score of zero. That is, the presence of LV concentric hypertrophy, which indicated more severe underlying hypertension, long duration, or poor control of blood pressure, implicates the presence of CAC.
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Relation of elevated levels of plasma myeloperoxidase to impaired myocardial microcirculation after reperfusion in patients with acute myocardial infarction.
Am. J. Cardiol.
PUBLISHED: 02-13-2010
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Previous studies have shown that oxidative stress and endothelial dysfunction are related to impaired myocardial microcirculation after reperfusion. Moreover, elevated myeloperoxidase (MPO) levels are associated with endothelial dysfunction. Plasma MPO levels were measured in patients with ST-segment elevation acute myocardial infarction (n = 160) who had undergone percutaneous coronary stenting within 12 hours of symptom onset. We investigated whether the plasma MPO level at admission was associated with impaired myocardial microcirculation, as indicated by ST-segment resolution and myocardial blush grade after reperfusion, and left ventricular ejection fraction and remodeling at 6 months. The patients were divided into 2 groups according to the median MPO value for the entire cohort (low-MPO group < or =50 ng/ml, n = 80; high-MPO group >50 ng/ml, n = 80). ST-segment resolution and the myocardial blush grade were significantly lower in the high-MPO than in the low-MPO group (48 +/- 27% vs 61 +/- 24%, p <0.005; and 2.1 +/- 0.8 vs 2.4 +/- 0.7, p <0.01; respectively). Moreover, the percentage of increase in the left ventricular end-diastolic volume index was significantly greater and the left ventricular ejection fraction at 6 months was significantly lower in the high-MPO group than in the low-MPO group (8.2 +/- 24.7% vs -1.9 +/- 23.5%, p <0.05; and 46 +/- 9% vs 54 +/- 9%, p <0.0001, respectively). Multiple regression analysis showed that the plasma MPO level was an independent predictor of incomplete ST-segment resolution (odds ratio 6.94, 95% confidence interval 2.10 to 22.9, p = 0.0015). In conclusion, elevated plasma MPO levels at admission were associated with impaired myocardial microcirculation after reperfusion in patients with acute myocardial infarction.
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Comprehensive evaluation of the apex beat using 64-slice computed tomography: Impact of left ventricular mass and distance to chest wall.
J Cardiol
PUBLISHED: 01-14-2010
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Although physicians frequently perform palpation of the apex beat to evaluate left ventricular (LV) size and hypertrophy, the clinical significance of apex beat palpation is still unclear. The introduction of multislice computed tomography (MSCT) has enabled assessment not only of coronary stenoses but also LV volume, mass, and distance from heart to chest wall. The aim of this study was to evaluate the relationships among presence, location, and sustained or double apical impulse of apex beat and LV function, volume, mass, and distance from heart to chest wall determined by MSCT.
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Utility of novel volumetric intravascular ultrasound analysis software for coronary artery disease.
Osaka City Med J
PUBLISHED: 09-04-2009
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Volumetric intravascular ultrasound (IVUS) analysis has contributed significantly to the assessment of coronary artery disease. The aim of this study is to validate the novel IVUS analysis software (NICORAS) compared to the previously validated software (EchoPlaque).
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Enhanced expression of haemoglobin scavenger receptor in accumulated macrophages of culprit lesions in acute coronary syndromes.
Eur. Heart J.
PUBLISHED: 06-25-2009
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Effective clearance of extracellular haemoglobin (Hb) is thought to limit systemic oxidative heme toxicity, which is presumed to contribute to the pathogenesis of plaque instability. We immunohistochemically examined the relationship between intraplaque haemorrhage, 4-HNE (4-hydroxy-2-nonenal), an index of lipid peroxidation, and the Hb scavenger receptor (CD163), using coronary atherectomy specimens from 74 patients with stable angina pectoris (SAP, n = 39) or unstable angina pectoris (UAP, n = 35).
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Inadequate increase in the volume of major epicardial coronary arteries compared with that in left ventricular mass. Novel concept for characterization of coronary arteries using 64-slice computed tomography.
Circ. J.
PUBLISHED: 06-11-2009
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Previous studies have shown a correlation between coronary artery cross-sectional diameter and left ventricular (LV) mass. However, no studies have examined the correlation between actual coronary artery volume (CAV) and LV mass. In the present study, measurements of CAV by 64-multislice computed tomography (MSCT) were validated and the relationship between CAV and LV mass was investigated.
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Elevated levels of neopterin are associated with carotid plaques with complex morphology in patients with stable angina pectoris.
Atherosclerosis
PUBLISHED: 04-14-2009
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Neopterin is an activation marker for monocytes/macrophages, and circulating levels of neopterin are elevated in patients with coronary complex lesions in unstable angina pectoris. We investigated the possible association between neopterin and complex carotid plaques which may be associated with the risk of ischemic stroke in patients with stable angina pectoris (SAP).
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Comparison of determinations of left atrial volume by the biplane area-length and Simpsons methods using 64-slice computed tomography.
J Cardiol
PUBLISHED: 01-24-2009
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There is increasing evidence that left atrial (LA) size is an important predictor of adverse cardiovascular outcomes such as atrial fibrillation, stroke, and congestive heart failure. The aim of this study was to determine whether there is a difference in results of quantification of LA volume by the area-length and Simpsons methods using multislice computed tomography (MSCT).
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Typical coronary appearance of dilated cardiomyopathy versus left ventricular concentric hypertrophy: coronary volumes measured by multislice computed tomography.
Heart Vessels
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Several coronary angiographic studies have reported that enlarged and tortuous epicardial coronary arteries are characteristic of patients with left ventricular concentric hypertrophy (LVCH). Recently, we showed that small volumes opacified by contrast medium can be accurately measured by 64-multislice computed tomography (MSCT) and that there is a direct relationship between the coronary artery volume and left ventricular (LV) mass. However, the relationship of coronary artery volume with LV mass in patients with dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM) is unknown. The present study was designed to investigate this issue. Thirteen patients with DCM and 18 patients with LVCH who underwent MSCT angiography were included in this analysis. The coronary arteries were segmented on a workstation, and the appropriate window settings obtained from the results of the phantom experiments were applied to the volume-rendered images to calculate the total coronary artery volume (right and left coronary arteries). The absolute coronary lengths and volumes in patients with LVCH and DCM were greater than those in controls. The coronary artery volumes adjusted for LV mass in patients with DCM were found to be smaller than those in patients with LVCH or in controls, and these values did not differ between patients with LVCH and controls (DCM 4.1 ± 0.9, LVCH 5.4 ± 1.4, controls 5.5 ± 2.3 ml/100 g of LV mass, P < 0.005; DCM vs LVCH, P < 0.01; and DCM vs control, P < 0.0005). This study showed that the increase in the coronary artery volume in patients with LVCH matched the increase in LV mass, but a decreased coronary volume with regard to LV mass was characteristic of patients with DCM.
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JoVE Visualize is a tool created to match the last 5 years of PubMed publications to methods in JoVE's video library.

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We use abstracts found on PubMed and match them to JoVE videos to create a list of 10 to 30 related methods videos.

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In developing our video relationships, we compare around 5 million PubMed articles to our library of over 4,500 methods videos. In some cases the language used in the PubMed abstracts makes matching that content to a JoVE video difficult. In other cases, there happens not to be any content in our video library that is relevant to the topic of a given abstract. In these cases, our algorithms are trying their best to display videos with relevant content, which can sometimes result in matched videos with only a slight relation.