In this paper, we suggest a blueprint for combining bibliometrics and critical analysis as a way to review published scientific works in nursing. This new approach is neither a systematic review nor meta-analysis. Instead, it is a way for researchers and clinicians to understand how and why current nursing knowledge developed as it did. Our approach will enable consumers and producers of nursing knowledge to recognize and take into account the social processes involved in the development, evaluation, and utilization of new nursing knowledge. We offer a rationale and a strategy for examining the socially-sanctioned actions by which nurse scientists signal to readers the boundaries of their thinking about a problem, the roots of their ideas, and the significance of their work. These actions - based on social processes of authority, credibility, and prestige - have bearing on the careers of nurse scientists and on the ways the knowledge they create enters into the everyday world of nurse clinicians and determines their actions at the bedside, as well as their opportunities for advancement.
We draw on our recent research that has convinced us of the importance of nurses participating in re-forming health care on their own terms. The empirical evidence we present here shows how "boardroom knowledge" of health care is constructed with different priorities than is the knowledge of direct care on which nurses safe, efficient, and effective work relies. The 2 forms of knowledge are not the same. Nurses knowledge is routinely transposed through a procrustean process of "working up" direct care nurses knowledge into new informational forms without attention to the importance of the full range of what nurses know from their unique standpoint.
Despite the ongoing nursing shortage, nurse educators are responsible for preparing students to practice in highly complex health care systems. As nurse educators explore new learning strategies to support an increase in student admissions, they must also evaluate the impact of these strategies on the quality of the educational experience. The study reported here evaluated the impact of scenario-based, high-fidelity patient simulation used to increase student admissions in an associate degree and baccalaureate nursing program in north-central Texas upon students sense of their own clinical competence, graduating grade point average (GPA), and performance on standardized exit examinations. These are measures commonly used by nurse educators as metrics of success.
The off-peak work environment is important to understand because the risk for mortality increases for patients at night and on the weekend in hospitals. Because critical-care nurses are on duty in hospitals 24 hours a day, 7 days a week, they are excellent sources of information regarding what happens on a unit during off-peak times. Inadequate nurse staffing on off-peak shifts was described as a major problem by the nurses we interviewed. The study reported here contributes the type of information needed to better understand the organization of nursing units and nurse staffing on outcomes.
While nurse researchers and administrators in health care organizations need to collaborate to understand the variables that affect nursing practice environments and patient care outcomes, there are inherent risks associated with these collaborations that require careful consideration. A team of academic and hospital researchers found that in studying the off-peak (nights and weekends) nursing environment using institutional ethnography, which involved interviews of nurses and administrators, the subject of the research was frequently the hospitals where these individuals worked. Although the individuals who participated in the research consented to be interviewed about their work, it was less clear how and to what extent the anonymity of their organizations could be maintained. The risks and benefits encountered suggest the need for a decision-making process to be undertaken by collaborative research teams. This decision process and analysis can help ensure a fruitful research relationship that protects sensitive concerns of hospital entities while advancing our understanding of nursing practice environments and patient care outcomes. Important strategies include having all leaders and research team members discuss the agendas of all entities and individuals involved, including clearly delineating the roles, responsibilities, and contributions of all parties. In addition, any constraints or expectations of first right of review of publications needs to be negotiated from the outset. Collaborators need to review their agreements throughout the research process to avoid pitfalls that could adversely impact the relationships as well as the dissemination of knowledge gained.
For more than 30 years, a negative "off-peak effect" on patient outcomes has been associated with weekend and/or nighttime hospitalization in more than 25 diagnostic groups. Descriptive studies have verified the presence of this off-peak effect on patient outcomes but have done little to explain its cause. Institutional ethnography is a promising method for describing challenges nurses encounter and deal with on off-peak shifts and for exploring how those challenges arose in institutions designed to avoid such outcomes. The authors discuss their research and suggest a number of steps that nurse administrators might take to enhance their knowledge for handling off-peak challenges in their hospitals.
This selective literature review provides insight into the depth and breadth of the problem of unequal medical treatment of Blacks compared with Whites, with particular focus on coronary heart disease. Poor health outcomes among Blacks, when compared with Whites, are well documented, and these disparities are linked to lower quality of and less aggressive medical treatment. It is not clear why these disparities in treatment occur. This review provides theoretical frameworks that attempt to explain the effect of race on treatment and presents an analysis of the quality and strength of existing evidence of racial disparity related to coronary care. Based on the review, implications for policy makers and providers are identified.
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Journal of Visualized Experiments
What is Visualize?
JoVE Visualize is a tool created to match the last 5 years of PubMed publications to methods in JoVE's video library.
How does it work?
We use abstracts found on PubMed and match them to JoVE videos to create a list of 10 to 30 related methods videos.
Video X seems to be unrelated to Abstract Y...
In developing our video relationships, we compare around 5 million PubMed articles to our library of over 4,500 methods videos. In some cases the language used in the PubMed abstracts makes matching that content to a JoVE video difficult. In other cases, there happens not to be any content in our video library that is relevant to the topic of a given abstract. In these cases, our algorithms are trying their best to display videos with relevant content, which can sometimes result in matched videos with only a slight relation.