JoVE Visualize What is visualize?
Stop Reading. Start Watching.
Advanced Search
Stop Reading. Start Watching.
Regular Search
Find video protocols related to scientific articles indexed in Pubmed.
Binding inhibitors of the bacterial sliding clamp by design.
J. Med. Chem.
PUBLISHED: 06-07-2011
Show Abstract
Hide Abstract
The bacterial replisome is a target for the development of new antibiotics to combat drug resistant strains. The ?(2) sliding clamp is an essential component of the replicative machinery, providing a platform for recruitment and function of other replisomal components and ensuring polymerase processivity during DNA replication and repair. A single binding region of the clamp is utilized by its binding partners, which all contain conserved binding motifs. The C-terminal Leu and Phe residues of these motifs are integral to the binding interaction. We acquired three-dimensional structural information on the binding site in ?(2) by a study of the binding of modified peptides. Development of a three-dimensional pharmacophore based on the C-terminal dipeptide of the motif enabled identification of compounds that on further development inhibited ?-?(2) interaction at low micromolar concentrations. We report the crystal structure of the complex containing one of these inhibitors, a biphenyl oxime, bound to ?(2), as a starting point for further inhibitor design.
Related JoVE Video
A novel class of anti-IL-12p40 antibodies: potent neutralization via inhibition of IL-12-IL-12R?2 and IL-23-IL-23R.
MAbs
PUBLISHED: 09-01-2010
Show Abstract
Hide Abstract
While current therapeutic antibodies bind to IL-12 and IL-23 and inhibit their binding to IL-12R?1, we describe a novel antibody, termed 6F6, that binds to IL-12 and IL-23 and inhibits the interaction of IL-12 and IL-23 with their cognate signalling receptors IL-12R?2 and IL23R. This antibody does not affect the natural inhibition of the IL-12/23 pathway by the antagonists monomeric IL-12p40 and IL-12p80, which suggests that a dual antagonist system is possible. We have mapped the epitope of 6F6 to domain 3 of the p40 chain common to IL-12 and IL-23 and demonstrate that an antibody bound to this epitope is sufficient to inhibit engagement of the signalling receptors. Antibodies with this unique mechanism of inhibition are potent inhibitors of IL-12 induced IFN-? production and IL-23 induced IL-17 production in vitro, and in an in vivo model of psoriasis, treatment with a humanized variant of this antibody, h6F6, reduced the inflammatory response, resulting in decreased epidermal hyperplasia. We believe that this new class of IL-12/23 neutralising antibodies has the potential to provide improved potency and efficacy as anti-inflammatory agents, particularly in diseases characterized by an overproduction of IL-12.
Related JoVE Video

What is Visualize?

JoVE Visualize is a tool created to match the last 5 years of PubMed publications to methods in JoVE's video library.

How does it work?

We use abstracts found on PubMed and match them to JoVE videos to create a list of 10 to 30 related methods videos.

Video X seems to be unrelated to Abstract Y...

In developing our video relationships, we compare around 5 million PubMed articles to our library of over 4,500 methods videos. In some cases the language used in the PubMed abstracts makes matching that content to a JoVE video difficult. In other cases, there happens not to be any content in our video library that is relevant to the topic of a given abstract. In these cases, our algorithms are trying their best to display videos with relevant content, which can sometimes result in matched videos with only a slight relation.