A rye doubled haploid (DH) mapping population (Amilo × Voima) segregating for pre-harvest sprouting (PHS) was generated through anther culture of F(1) plants. A linkage map was constructed using DHs, to our knowledge, for the first time in rye. The map was composed of 289 loci: amplified fragment length polymorphism (AFLP), microsatellite, random amplified polymorphic DNA (RAPD), retrotransposon-microsatellite amplified polymorphism (REMAP), inter-retrotransposon amplified polymorphism (IRAP), inter-simple sequence repeat (ISSR) and sequence-related amplified polymorphism (SRAP) markers, and extended altogether 732 cM (one locus in every 2.5 cM). All of the seven rye chromosomes and four unplaced groups were formed. Distorted segregation of markers (P???0.05) was detected on all chromosomes. One major quantitative trait locus (QTL) affecting ?-amylase activity was found, which explained 16.1% of phenotypic variation. The QTL was localized on the long arm of chromosome 5R. Microsatellites SCM74, RMS1115, and SCM77, nearest to the QTL, can be used for marker-assisted selection as a part of a rye breeding program to decrease sprouting damage.
A homozygous mapping population, consisting of doubled haploid (DH) oat (Avena sativa L.) plants generated through anther culture of F1 plants from the cross between the Finnish cultivar Aslak and the Swedish cultivar Matilda, was used to construct an oat linkage map. Ten agronomic and quality traits were analyzed in the DH plants from field trials in 2005 and 2006. Leaf blotch (caused by Pyrenophora avenae) resistance was also evaluated in a greenhouse test with 2 different isolates. One to 8 quantitative trait loci (QTLs) were found to be associated with each trait studied. Some chromosomal regions affected more than 1 trait; for example, 4 regions affected both protein and oil content. This study gives valuable information to oat breeders concerning the inheritance of important traits, and it provides potential tools to assist breeding.
The first doubled haploid oat linkage map constructed at MTT Agrifood Research Finland was supplemented with additional microsatellites and Diversity Array Technology (DArT) markers to produce a map containing 1058 DNA markers and 34 linkage groups. The map was used to locate quantitative trait loci (QTLs) for 11 important breeding traits analyzed from Finnish and Canadian field trials. The new markers enabled most of the linkage groups to be anchored to the Kanota × Ogle oat ( Avena sativa L.) reference map and allowed comparison of the QTLs located in this study with those found previously. Two to 12 QTLs for each trait were discovered, of which several were expressed consistently across several environments.
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