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Find video protocols related to scientific articles indexed in Pubmed.
Enzymes extracted from apple peels have activity in reducing higher alcohols in Chinese liquors.
J. Agric. Food Chem.
PUBLISHED: 09-19-2014
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As the unavoidable byproducts of alcoholic fermentation, higher alcohols are unhealthy compounds widespread in alcoholic drinks. To investigate the activity of apple crude enzymes toward higher alcohols in liquors, five kinds of apple peels, namely, Fuji, Gala, Golden Delicious, Red Star, and Jonagold, were chosen to prepare enzymes, and three kinds of Chinese liquors, namely, Xifeng (containing 45% ethanol), Taibai (containing 50% ethanol), and Erguotou (containing 56% ethanol), were tested. Enzymes were prepared in the forms of liquid solution, powder, and immobilized enzymes using sodium alginate (SA) and chitosan. The treatment was carried out at 37 °C for 1 h. The relative amounts of different alcohols (including ethanol, 1-propanol, isobutanol, 1-butanol, isoamylol, and 1-hexanol) were measured using gas chromatography (GC). Conditions for preparing SA-immobilized Fuji enzymes (SA-IEP) were optimized, and the obtained SA-IEP (containing 0.3 g of enzyme) was continuously used to treat Xifeng liquor eight times, 20 mL per time. Significant degradation rates (DRs) of higher alcohols were observed at different degrees, and it also showed enzyme specificity according to the apple varieties and enzyme preparations. After five repeated treatments, the DRs of the optimized Fuji SA-IEP remained 70% for 1-hexanol and >15% for other higher alcohols.
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Short hairpin RNA-mediated down-regulation of CENP-A attenuates the aggressive phenotype of lung adenocarcinoma cells.
Cell Oncol (Dordr)
PUBLISHED: 09-04-2014
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Deregulation of centromere protein (CENP)-A, a centromere-specific histone variant, has in the past been linked to cancer initiation and progression. Additionally, our previous work has shown that CENP-A upregulation predicts a poor overall survival in patients with lung adenocarcinoma. The aim of this study was to uncover the biological role of CENP-A in lung adenocarcinoma growth and invasion, including its underlying molecular mechanisms.
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[Computed tomography-guided percutaneous microwave ablation for diaphragm-abutting liver tumors: assessments of safety and short-term therapeutic efficacies].
Zhonghua Yi Xue Za Zhi
PUBLISHED: 08-22-2014
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To assess the safety and short-term therapeutic efficacies of computed tomography (CT)-guided percutaneous microwave ablation (PMA) for diaphragm-abutting liver tumors.
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Expression and clinical significance of Semaphorin4D in non-small cell lung cancer and its impact on malignant behaviors of A549 lung cancer cells.
J. Huazhong Univ. Sci. Technol. Med. Sci.
PUBLISHED: 08-19-2014
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This study aimed to explore Semaphrin4D (Sema4D) expression and clinical significance in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC), and to define the roles and mechanisms of Sema4D in regulating the malignant behaviors of A549 cells by small interfering RNA (siRNA). Firstly, immunohistochemistry revealed that Sema4D was more frequently expressed in NSCLC than in lung benign lesion (P<0.05) and its overexpression was associated with low differentiation (P<0.05), poor pTNM staging (P<0.05) and occurrence of lymph node (LN) metastasis (P<0.05). Endogenous Sema4D expression was suppressed by Sema4D siRNA in A549 cells overexpressing Sema4D. Protein levels of Sema4D, total Akt and p-Akt were examined by Western blotting. Cell proliferation, migration and invasion abilities were measured by MTT assay and Transwell assay respectively. Results showed that Sema4D siRNA significantly suppressed phosphorylation of AKT in A549 cells, but it did not alter total AKT expression. In addition, efficient down-regulation of SemaD significantly inhibit cell proliferation (P<0.05), migration (P<0.05) and invasion (P<0.05) in A549 cells. These findings suggest that Sema4D might serve as a reliable tool for early prediction of NSCLC poor prognosis. Sema4D could play an important role in promoting tumor proliferation, migration and metastasis in the NSCLC, by influencing the Akt protein phosphorylation. Inhibition of Sema4D may be a useful approach for the treatment of NSCLC.
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[Expression of Streptococcus mutans surface protein PAcP and cholera toxin B subunit fusion gene in transgenic tomato].
Shanghai Kou Qiang Yi Xue
PUBLISHED: 08-09-2014
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To detect the protein expression level of foreign fused gene in the first generation of genetically modified tomatoes transformed with fused gene of antigen epitope PacP in surface protein of Streptococcus mutans and cholera toxin B subunit.
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Identification of RFPL3 protein as a novel E3 ubiquitin ligase modulating the integration activity of human immunodeficiency virus, type 1 preintegration complex using a microtiter plate-based assay.
J. Biol. Chem.
PUBLISHED: 08-08-2014
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Integration, one of the hallmarks of retrovirus replication, is mediated by a nucleoprotein complex called the preintegration complex (PIC), in which viral DNA is associated with many protein components that are required for completion of the early phase of infection. A striking feature of the PIC is its powerful integration activity in vitro. The PICs from a freshly isolated cytoplasmic extract of infected cells are able to insert viral DNA into exogenously added target DNA in vitro. Therefore, a PIC-based in vitro assay is a reliable system for assessing protein factors influencing retroviral integration. In this study, we applied a microtiter plate-based in vitro assay to a screening study using a protein library that was produced by the wheat germ cell-free protein synthesis system. Using a library of human E3 ubiquitin ligases, we identified RFPL3 as a potential stimulator of human immunodeficiency virus, type 1 (HIV-1) PIC integration activity in vitro. This enhancement of PIC activity by RFPL3 was likely to be attributed to its N-terminal RING domain. To further understand the functional role of RFPL3 in HIV infection, we created a human cell line overexpressing RFPL3. Immunoprecipitation analysis revealed that RFPL3 was associated with the human immunodeficiency virus, type 1 PICs in infected cells. More importantly, single-round HIV-1 infection was enhanced significantly by RFPL3 expression. Our proteomic approach displays an advantage in the identification of new cellular proteins affecting the integration activity of the PIC and, therefore, contributes to the understanding of functional interaction between retroviral integration complexes and host factors.
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Overexpression and selectively regulatory roles of IL-23/IL-17 axis in the lesions of oral lichen planus.
Mediators Inflamm.
PUBLISHED: 07-08-2014
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Interleukin- (IL-) 23/IL-17 axis is a newly discovered proinflammatory signaling pathway and has been implicated in the pathogenesis of many chronic inflammatory and immune disorders. Here we investigated whether the IL-23/IL-17 axis was present and functional in the lesions of oral lichen planus (OLP), a chronic inflammatory disease affecting the oral mucosa. Using immunohistochemistry and quantitative PCR, we found that the subunits of IL-23 and IL-17 were overexpressed in OLP lesions than in normal oral mucosa tissues. In addition, the expressions of IL-23 and IL-17 are positively correlated in reticular OLP tissues. Results from in vitro studies revealed that exogenous IL-23 could increase the percentage of Th17 cells and IL-17 production in the CD4+T cells from reticular OLP patients. Furthermore, we also found that exogenous IL-17 could significantly enhance the mRNA expressions of ?-defensin-2, -3, CCL-20, IL-8, and TNF-?, but not ?-defensin-1, CXCL-9, -10, -11, CCL-5, and IL-6 in human oral keratinocytes. Taken together, our results revealed an overexpression pattern and selectively regulatory roles of IL-23/IL-17 axis in the OLP lesions, suggesting that it may be a pivotal regulatory pathway in the complex immune network of OLP lesions.
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Clinical features and hypoxic marker expression of primary sinonasal and laryngeal small-cell neuroendocrine carcinoma: a small case series.
World J Surg Oncol
PUBLISHED: 06-12-2014
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Small-cell neuroendocrine carcinoma (SCNEC) of the head and neck is rare. The prognosis of SCNEC in the nasal cavity and larynx is poor. The aim of this study was to investigate the clinicopathological features of nasal and laryngeal SCNEC and to determine the expression of HIF-1?, GLUT-1, PI3K, and p-Akt in SCNEC.
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Plant roots use a patterning mechanism to position lateral root branches toward available water.
Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A.
PUBLISHED: 06-09-2014
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The architecture of the branched root system of plants is a major determinant of vigor. Water availability is known to impact root physiology and growth; however, the spatial scale at which this stimulus influences root architecture is poorly understood. Here we reveal that differences in the availability of water across the circumferential axis of the root create spatial cues that determine the position of lateral root branches. We show that roots of several plant species can distinguish between a wet surface and air environments and that this also impacts the patterning of root hairs, anthocyanins, and aerenchyma in a phenomenon we describe as hydropatterning. This environmental response is distinct from a touch response and requires available water to induce lateral roots along a contacted surface. X-ray microscale computed tomography and 3D reconstruction of soil-grown root systems demonstrate that such responses also occur under physiologically relevant conditions. Using early-stage lateral root markers, we show that hydropatterning acts before the initiation stage and likely determines the circumferential position at which lateral root founder cells are specified. Hydropatterning is independent of endogenous abscisic acid signaling, distinguishing it from a classic water-stress response. Higher water availability induces the biosynthesis and transport of the lateral root-inductive signal auxin through local regulation of tryptophan aminotransferase of Arabidopsis 1 and PIN-formed 3, both of which are necessary for normal hydropatterning. Our work suggests that water availability is sensed and interpreted at the suborgan level and locally patterns a wide variety of developmental processes in the root.
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Inhibition of protein phosphatase 2A enhances cytotoxicity and accessibility of chemotherapeutic drugs to hepatocellular carcinomas.
Mol. Cancer Ther.
PUBLISHED: 05-27-2014
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Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is one of the most common and therapeutically challenging malignancies worldwide. For patients ineligible for "curative resection" or liver transplantation, chemotherapy is an important minimally effective option. Strategies for chemosensitization are urgently needed. Here, we report that LB-100, a serine/threonine protein phosphatase 2A (PP2A) inhibitor, enhances the cytotoxicity of chemotherapy for HCC in vitro and in vivo. We found that LB-100 significantly enhanced inhibition of HCC by doxorubicin and cisplatin in vitro and in vivo in a PP2A-dependent way, while having little inhibitory activity when used alone. LB-100 promoted vascular endothelial growth factor secretion and vasculogenic mimicry, associated with increased microvessel density and blood perfusion of tumor cell xenografts. LB-100 also enhanced paracellular endothelial permeability to Evans Blue dye and doxorubicin in vivo and in vitro, presumably by altering vascular endothelial-cadherin contact between cells. Changes in permeability and perfusion were accompanied by increased accumulation of doxorubicin in HCC xenografts but not in normal liver tissue. In conclusion, LB-100 enhances chemotherapy by interfering with DNA damage-induced defense mechanisms and by increasing angiogenesis and drug penetration into tumor cells. The induction of angiogenesis and vascular permeability of tumor xenografts by inhibition of PP2A may be a novel approach for enhancing the cytotoxic treatment of HCC and potentially other cancers.
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Effects of synthesizing parameters on surface roughness and contact angles of ZnO nanowire films.
J Nanosci Nanotechnol
PUBLISHED: 04-18-2014
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Effects of the synthesizing parameters on the surface roughness and the contact angles of ZnO nanowire films were studied in this paper. ZnO nanowire films were synthesized with the hydrothermal method on glass substrates, and the synthesizing parameters include the concentrations of the growth solution and the seed layer solution, the growth time span as well as the temperature. Atomic force microscopy and scanning electron microscopy were employed respectively to characterize the surface and the profile roughness of ZnO nanowire films. The measurement results by atomic force microscopy were in agreement with that by scanning electron microscopy, hence the former was used for the investigation of aforementioned effects. Relationships between the synthesizing parameters, the surface roughness and the contact angles of ZnO nanowire films were established, revealing that the synthesizing parameters affected significantly not only the surface roughness but also the contact angles of ZnO nanowire films. The results can be used for batch fabrication of ZnO nanowire-based structures and these structures-based sensors in a wide variety of applications.
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[The effect of LAMP2A shRNA on the resistance of breast cancer cells to paclitaxel].
Xi Bao Yu Fen Zi Mian Yi Xue Za Zhi
PUBLISHED: 04-12-2014
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To prepare a recombinant lentiviral carring human lysosome-associated membrane protein type 2A (LAMP2A) gene shRNA, establish MDA-MB-231 cell line with a low expression of LAMP2A and observe the change in cell resistance to paclitaxel.
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Interferon-mediated ISG15 conjugation restricts dengue virus 2 replication.
Biochem. Biophys. Res. Commun.
PUBLISHED: 03-28-2014
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ISGylation, an ubiquitin-like post-translational modification by ISG15, has been reported to participate in the interferon (IFN)-mediated antiviral response. In this study, we analyzed the functional role of ISGylation in dengue virus 2 (DENV-2) replication. Overexpression of ISG15 was found to significantly suppress the amount of extracellular infectious virus released, while intracellular viral RNA was unaffected. This effect was not observed with a conjugation-defective ISG15 mutant. In addition, extracellular virus infectivity was decreased by ISG15 overexpression. To further clarify the role of ISGylation in the anti-DENV-2 response, we depleted endogenous ISG15 by RNA interference and analyzed the virus production in the absence or presence of type-I IFN. Results showed a significant reduction in extracellular DENV-2 RNA levels for cells treated with IFN, and that these DENV-2 RNA levels could be partially restored by the ISG15 knockdown. Among various DENV-2 proteins, NS3 and NS5 were subjected to the ISGylation. These results demonstrate that IFN-inducible ISGylation suppresses DENV-2 particle release, and that ISG15 is one of the mediators of IFN-induced inhibition of DENV-2 replication. ISG15 therefore functions as a host antiviral factor against DENV-2 infection.
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A comprehensive review on adaptability of network forensics frameworks for mobile cloud computing.
ScientificWorldJournal
PUBLISHED: 03-14-2014
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Network forensics enables investigation and identification of network attacks through the retrieved digital content. The proliferation of smartphones and the cost-effective universal data access through cloud has made Mobile Cloud Computing (MCC) a congenital target for network attacks. However, confines in carrying out forensics in MCC is interrelated with the autonomous cloud hosting companies and their policies for restricted access to the digital content in the back-end cloud platforms. It implies that existing Network Forensic Frameworks (NFFs) have limited impact in the MCC paradigm. To this end, we qualitatively analyze the adaptability of existing NFFs when applied to the MCC. Explicitly, the fundamental mechanisms of NFFs are highlighted and then analyzed using the most relevant parameters. A classification is proposed to help understand the anatomy of existing NFFs. Subsequently, a comparison is given that explores the functional similarities and deviations among NFFs. The paper concludes by discussing research challenges for progressive network forensics in MCC.
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Murine abdominal aortic aneurysm model by orthotopic allograft transplantation of elastase-treated abdominal aorta.
J. Vasc. Surg.
PUBLISHED: 03-11-2014
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Murine models have proved instrumental in studying various aspects of abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA), from identification of underlying pathophysiologic changes to the development of novel therapeutic strategies. In the current study, we describe a new model in which an elastase-treated donor aorta is transplanted to a recipient mouse and allowed to progress to aneurysm. We hypothesized that by transplanting an elastase-treated abdominal aorta of one genotype to a recipient mouse of a different genotype, one can differentiate pathophysiologic factors that are intrinsic to the aortic wall from those stemming from circulation and other organs.
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Small cell neuroendocrine carcinoma of the ureter: A case report and literature review.
Oncol Lett
PUBLISHED: 02-13-2014
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Small cell neuroendocrine carcinoma arising in the ureter is extremely rare; only a few cases have been previously reported in the literature. The current study reports the case of a 65-year-old female who presented with right-sided back pain. A mass was identified in the right ureter, and a nephroureterectomy was performed. The microscopic examination revealed that the mass was composed of a monotonous population of small cells and that the cells of the carcinoma were positive for cluster of differentiation 56, chromogranin A and synaptophysin. The tumor was diagnosed as a ureteral neuroendocrine small cell carcinoma. The patient returned 4 months later with recurrences in the retroperitoneum. Chemotherapy was administered and following 80 mg/m(2) intravenous irinotecan on days 1 and 8 and 25 mg/m(2) cisplatin on days 1-3, every 21 days for 4 cycles, the tumor was considerably smaller. During the regular follow-up examinations, the tumor remained stable.
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Sorafenib enhances effects of transarterial chemoembolization for hepatocellular carcinoma: a systematic review and meta-analysis.
J. Cancer Res. Clin. Oncol.
PUBLISHED: 02-10-2014
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Combination therapy of sorafenib and transarterial chemoembolization (TACE) showed benefits for hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). This systematic review aims for evaluation of efficacy and safety between sorafenib plus TACE and TACE alone for HCC.
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Single-molecule conductance of dipyridines binding to Ag electrodes measured by electrochemical scanning tunneling microscopy break junction.
Nanoscale Res Lett
PUBLISHED: 02-06-2014
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We have measured the conductance of three pyridyl-terminated molecules binding to Ag electrodes by using electrochemical jump-to-contact scanning tunneling microscopy break junction approach (ECSTM-BJ). Three molecules, including 4,4'-bipyridine (BPY), 1,2-di(pyridin-4-yl)ethene (BPY-EE), and 1,2-di(pyridin-4-yl)ethane (BPY-EA), contacting with Ag electrodes show three sets of conductance values, which follow the order of BPY?>?BPY-EE?>?BPY-EA. These values are smaller than those of molecules with Au electrodes, but larger than those of molecules with Cu electrodes. The difference may attribute to the different electronic coupling efficiencies between the molecules and electrodes. Moreover, the influence of the electrochemical potential on the Fermi level of electrodes is also discussed.
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Boron nitride film as a buffer layer in deposition of dielectrics on graphene.
Small
PUBLISHED: 01-24-2014
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As a two-dimensional material, graphene is highly susceptible to environmental influences. It is therefore challenging to deposit dielectrics on graphene without affecting its electronic properties. It is demonstrated that the effect of the dielectric deposition on graphene can be reduced by using a multilayer hexagonal boron nitride film as a buffer layer. Particularly, the boron nitride layer provides significant protection in magnetron sputtering deposition. It also enables growth of uniform and charge trapping free high-k dielectrics by atomic layer deposition. The doping effect of various deposition methods on graphene has been discussed.
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Sarcopenia and sarcopenic obesity among men aged 80 years and older in Beijing: prevalence and its association with functional performance.
Geriatr Gerontol Int
PUBLISHED: 01-24-2014
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Sarcopenia and sarcopenic obesity are significant associative factors for functional impairment related to aging. The main aim of the present study was to investigate the prevalence of sarcopenia and sarcopenic obesity, and their associations with functional status among men aged 80 years and older in Beijing.
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Individual and area-level socioeconomic status and their association with depression amongst community-dwelling elderly in Singapore.
Aging Ment Health
PUBLISHED: 01-07-2014
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Neighborhood socioeconomic status (SES) can be associated with depression. We aimed to assess prevalence of depression amongst community-dwelling elderly in a multiethnic, urban, low-SES, Asian neighborhood, comparing against a higher SES neighborhood.
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Functional motor recovery from motoneuron axotomy is compromised in mice with defective corticospinal projections.
PLoS ONE
PUBLISHED: 01-01-2014
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Brachial plexus injury (BPI) and experimental spinal root avulsion result in loss of motor function in the affected segments. After root avulsion, significant motoneuron function is restored by re-implantation of the avulsed root. How much this functional recovery depends on corticospinal inputs is not known. Here, we studied that question using Celsr3|Emx1 mice, in which the corticospinal tract (CST) is genetically absent. In adult mice, we tore off right C5-C7 motor and sensory roots and re-implanted the right C6 roots. Behavioral studies showed impaired recovery of elbow flexion in Celsr3|Emx1 mice compared to controls. Five months after surgery, a reduced number of small axons, and higher G-ratio of inner to outer diameter of myelin sheaths were observed in mutant versus control mice. At early stages post-surgery, mutant mice displayed lower expression of GAP-43 in spinal cord and of myelin basic protein (MBP) in peripheral nerves than control animals. After five months, mutant animals had atrophy of the right biceps brachii, with less newly formed neuromuscular junctions (NMJs) and reduced peak-to-peak amplitudes in electromyogram (EMG), than controls. However, quite unexpectedly, a higher motoneuron survival rate was found in mutant than in control mice. Thus, following root avulsion/re-implantation, the absence of the CST is probably an important reason to hamper axonal regeneration and remyelination, as well as target re-innervation and formation of new NMJ, resulting in lower functional recovery, while fostering motoneuron survival. These results indicate that manipulation of corticospinal transmission may help improve functional recovery following BPI.
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The screening research of anti-inflammatory bioactive markers from different flowering phases of Flos Lonicerae Japonicae.
PLoS ONE
PUBLISHED: 01-01-2014
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Flos Lonicerae Japonicae (FLJ) is an important cash crop in eastern Asia, and it is an anti-inflammatory Traditional Chinese Medicine. There are large variations in the quality of the marketed FLJ products. To find marker ingredients useful for quality control, a tandem technology integrating ultra-performance liquid chromatography/quadrupole time-of-flight mass spectrometry (UPLC-Q/TOF), principal component analysis (PCA), heat map analysis and hierarchical cluster analysis coupled with a NF-?B luciferase reporter gene assay were used to identify the different ingredients from the green bud, white bud, flowering stage and leaf stages, as well as to screen the anti-inflammatory activity of FLJ compositions. As flowering progressed, the anti-inflammatory effects of FLJ gradually decreased; however, chlorogenic acid, swertiamarin and sweroside should be used to evaluate the quality of FLJ products.
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Human beta-defensin-1 suppresses tumor migration and invasion and is an independent predictor for survival of oral squamous cell carcinoma patients.
PLoS ONE
PUBLISHED: 01-01-2014
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Human beta-defensin-1 (hBD-1) has recently been considered as a candidate tumor suppressor in renal and prostate cancer. The aim of this study was to investigate the role of hBD-1 in the progression of oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC) and its potential as diagnostic/prognostic biomarker and therapeutic target for OSCC.
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Excision repair cross-complementation group 1 codon 118 polymorphism, micro ribonucleic acid and protein expression, clinical outcome of the advanced gastric cancer response to first-line FOLFOX-4 in Qinghai-Tibetan plateau population.
J Cancer Res Ther
PUBLISHED: 10-16-2013
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The excision repair cross-complementation group 1 (ERCC1) codon 118 C/T polymorphism has been associated with clinical outcome in cancer patients treated with platinum chemotherapy. Ethnic differences in the frequency of this polymorphism have been observed in Caucasian and African populations.
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[Research on the atmospheric correction for ZY-3 MUX image].
Guang Pu Xue Yu Guang Pu Fen Xi
PUBLISHED: 09-25-2013
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The resolution of the ZY-3 MUX data is 5.8 meter, which is used to the subject classification. It is very difficult to use the dark target method for the atmosphere correction due to the lack of near infrared band in ZY-3 MUX data. The present paper uses the atmospheric correction coefficient look-up table (LUT) constructed by the radiation transmission model 6S based on the aerosol optical depth retrieved from the MODIS data for the atmospheric correction of ZY-3 image. To validate the results, the paper compares the surface spectral curves of the gypsum mine and Gobi and the NDVI values from the corrected and TOA reflectance, the relative error of the atmosphere corrected and the ground-based surface reflectance is less than 6%; the atmospheric correction increases the difference between vegetation NDVI and other features NDVI, highlights vegetation monitoring application ability.
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Highly sensitive hot electron bolometer based on disordered graphene.
Sci Rep
PUBLISHED: 09-09-2013
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A bolometer is a device that makes an electrical resistive response to the electromagnetic radiation resulted from a raise of temperature due to heating. The combination of the extremely weak electron-phonon interactions along with its small electron heat capacity makes graphene an ideal material for applications in ultra-fast and sensitive hot electron bolometer. However, a major issue is that the resistance of pristine graphene weakly depends on the electronic temperature. We propose using disordered graphene to obtain a strongly temperature dependent resistance. The measured electrical responsivity of the disordered graphene bolometer reaches 6 × 10(6)?V/W at 1.5?K, corresponding to an optical responsivity of 1.6 × 10(5)?V/W. The deduced electrical noise equivalent power is 1.2 , corresponding to the optical noise equivalent power of 44?. The minimal device structure and no requirement for high mobility graphene make a step forward towards the applications of graphene hot electron bolometers.
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Design and performance of tapered cubic anvil used for achieving higher pressure and larger sample cell.
Rev Sci Instrum
PUBLISHED: 08-02-2013
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In order to increase the maximum cell pressure of the cubic high pressure apparatus, we have developed a new structure of tungsten carbide cubic anvil (tapered cubic anvil), based on the principle of massive support and lateral support. Our results indicated that the tapered cubic anvil has some advantages. First, tapered cubic anvil can push the transfer rate of pressure well into the range above 36.37% compare to the conventional anvil. Second, the rate of failure crack decreases about 11.20% after the modification of the conventional anvil. Third, the limit of static high-pressure in the sample cell can be extended to 13 GPa, which can increase the maximum cell pressure about 73.3% than that of the conventional anvil. Fourth, the volume of sample cell compressed by tapered cubic anvils can be achieved to 14.13 mm(3) (3 mm diameter × 2 mm long), which is three and six orders of magnitude larger than that of double-stage apparatus and diamond anvil cell, respectively. This work represents a relatively simple method for achieving higher pressures and larger sample cell.
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Esmolol activates endogenous neurokinin activity inhibiting infarction-induced arrhythmias in rats: novel mechanisms of anti-arrhythmia.
Regul. Pept.
PUBLISHED: 07-26-2013
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Endogenous neurokinin and adrenergic mechanisms might co-participate in the pathology of acute myocardial infarction (MI). This study sought to investigate the role of endogenous neurokinin and its relationship with ?1-adrenergic mechanism in the infarction induced arrhythmias. In 60min of MI in rats, the contents of substance P (SP), a native agonist of neurokinin 1 receptor (NK1-R), norepinephrine (NE), NK1-R and ?1-adrenergic receptor in the myocardium at risk of ischemia were examined and the ventricular arrhythmias were analyzed. The effects of pretreatment with D-SP (152ng/kg), a specific antagonist of NK1-R, esmolol (10mg/kg), a specific blocker of ?1-adrenergic receptor, and a combination of the two blockers were studied. The results showed that the overlaps of up-regulation of NE, SP and the increase of ventricular arrhythmias were observed. D-SP exacerbated the episodes and duration of VT & VF by 54% and 104%, respectively (all P<0.05). Esmolol inhibited the morbidity rate, the episodes and the duration of VT & VF by 66%, 92% and 95%, respectively. Surprisingly, esmolol significantly attenuated the arrhythmogenic effect of D-SP throughout the MI, beyond the time span of esmolol action, during which a significant up-regulation of the NK1-R (by 19%, P<0.05) was detected. In conclusion, the findings of this study may indicate an anti-arrhythmic effect of endogenous neurokinin mechanism, through the activation of which, via up-regulation of NK1 receptor, esmolol may exert its anti-arrhythmic action at the early time of acute myocardial infarction.
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[Effect of different types of moxibustion intervention on expression of inflammatory cytokines IL-1 and TNF-alpha in rabbits with rheumatoid arthritis].
Zhen Ci Yan Jiu
PUBLISHED: 07-04-2013
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To observe the effect of different moxibustion intervention on expression of interleukin-1 (IL-l) and tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha) in the synovial fluid of hind-knee joint in rheumatoid arthritis (RA) rabbits.
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Absorption, metabolism and effect of compatibility on absorption of qishenyiqi dropping pill.
Biomed. Chromatogr.
PUBLISHED: 06-26-2013
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Qishenyiqi dropping pill (QSYQ), is a traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) prescription for treating heart diseases in China. Knowledge concerning the systemic identification of active compounds and metabolic components of QSYQ is generally lacking. Therefore, it is essential to develop a valid method for the analysis of active compounds of the combined prescription and determination of interactions among the herbs. The absorbable compounds and metabolites of QSYQ were profiled using computational chemistry prediction, an improved everted gut sac in vitro experiment, the Caco-2 cell monolayer in vitro test, a rat in vivo experiment and ultra-performance liquid chromatography/diode array detection/quadrupole-time of flight mass spectrum (UPLC/DAD/Q-TOF MS). In total, 42 prototype compounds were recognized as absorbable compounds, and eight metabolites were identified by UPLC/DAD/Q-TOF MS. The absorption rates of phenolic acids and saponins were significantly improved and the absorption of isoflavone was inhibited after compatibility. The volatile oil component had an improved effect on the absorption of other compounds, while its own absorption was inhibited. In conclusion, the present study established a rapid and effective strategy for demonstrating the absorption and metabolism of QSYQ and revealing the compatible relationship among herbs. This investigation can provide a reference for the compatibility of prescriptions and the modernization of TCM. Copyright © 2013 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
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[Preparation, epitope analysis and clinical application of monoclonal antibodies against heart-type fatty acid binding protein].
Xi Bao Yu Fen Zi Mian Yi Xue Za Zhi
PUBLISHED: 06-11-2013
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To prepare and characterize the monoclonal antibody (mAb) against recombinant human heart-type fatty acid binding protein (H-FABP) and apply it to the clinical analysis.
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Involvement of cardiomyocyte apoptosis in myocardial injury of hereditary epileptic rats.
Can. J. Physiol. Pharmacol.
PUBLISHED: 05-30-2013
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Many clinical cases have been reported where epilepsy profoundly influenced the pathophysiological function of the heart; however, the underlying mechanisms were not elucidated. We use the tremor (TRM) rat as an animal model of epilepsy to investigate the potential mechanisms of myocardial injury. Cardiac functions were assessed by arrhythmia score, heart rate, heart:body mass ratio, and hemodynamic parameters including left ventricular systolic pressure (LVSP), left ventricular end-diastolic pressure (LVEDP), and maximum rate of left ventricular pressure rise and fall (+dp/dtmax and -dp/dtmax). Catecholamine level was detected by HPLC. Apoptotic index was estimated by TUNEL assay. The expressions of Bcl-2, Bax, caspase-3, extracellular signal-regulated protein kinase (ERK), c-Jun NH2-terminal protein kinases (JNK), and p38 were evaluated by Western blot. The results indicated that there existed cardiac dysfunction and cardiomyocyte apoptosis, accompanied by increasing catecholamine levels in TRM rats. Further investigation revealed that apoptosis was mediated by reducing Bcl-2, upregulating Bax, and activating caspase-3. Additional experiments demonstrated that P-ERK1/2 was decreased, whereas P-JNK and P-p38 were up-regulated. Our results suggest that the sympathetic nervous system activation and cardiomyocyte apoptosis are involved in the myocardial injury of TRM rats. The mechanisms of apoptosis might be associated with the activation of the mitochondria-initiated and the mitogen-activated protein kinase pathways.
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[Impacts of acupuncture at Hegu (LI 4) on facial EMG in rhesus monkeys under the physiological state].
Zhongguo Zhen Jiu
PUBLISHED: 05-30-2013
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To observe the specificity relationship between acupuncture at "Hegu" (LI 4) and the facial muscular movement in rhesus monkeys under the physiological state by using neuromuscular electrical measurement technique.
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Performance of EuroSCORE II in patients who have undergone heart valve surgery: a multicentre study in a Chinese population.
Eur J Cardiothorac Surg
PUBLISHED: 05-15-2013
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OBJECTIVES: The EuroSCORE II is an updated version of the EuroSCORE. This multicentre study validated the EuroSCORE II and logistic EuroSCORE in Chinese patients who underwent heart valve surgery. METHODS: A total of 11 170 adult patients underwent heart valve surgery from January 2008 to December 2011. Model discrimination and calibration were assessed for both EuroSCORE II and logistic EuroSCORE. The patients were divided into three subgroups according to the weight of the procedures, and the performance of EuroSCORE II for each group was assessed. A correlation analysis was performed for operative complications and EuroSCORE II. RESULTS: The in-hospital mortality of this series was 2.02% (226 of 11 170), and the predicted mortality rate was 2.62 ± 5.75% by EuroSCORE II and 2.55 ± 6.51% by logistic EuroSCORE (LES). The C-statistics of EuroSCORE II and LES were 0.72 [95% confidence interval (CI) 0.69-0.75] and 0.67 (95% CI 0.63-0.70), respectively. Both models failed the Hosmer-Lemeshow goodness-of-fit test, with a P < 0.05. According to the weight of the procedure, the isolated non-CABG subgroup had the best discrimination (C-statistics: 0.76 in the non-CABG group, 0.67 in the 2 procedures group and 0.73 in the 3+ procedures group). The complication ratio was strongly related to the EuroSCORE II-predicted mortality (Pearson correlation coefficient: 0.90 for ARDS, 0.97 for acute renal failure, 0.97 for prolonged ventilation and 0.94 for a prolonged ICU stay). CONCLUSIONS: EuroSCORE II was an improvement upon its original logistic model for Chinese patients who underwent heart valve surgery, particularly for a single-valve procedure. The EuroSCORE II-predicted mortality correlated with the operative complications.
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Oral lichen planus may enhance the expression of Th17-associated cytokines in local lesions of chronic periodontitis.
Clin Oral Investig
PUBLISHED: 05-07-2013
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This study aims to compare the expression levels of interleukin (IL)-17 and IL-23 in local periodontal tissues from patients with both chronic periodontitis and oral lichen planus (CP-OLP), patients with chronic periodontitis (CP) only, patients with oral lichen planus (OLP) only, and healthy controls (HC).
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Nonlinear pattern formation in thin liquid films under external vibrations.
Phys Rev E Stat Nonlin Soft Matter Phys
PUBLISHED: 04-29-2013
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We study a thin liquid film with a free surface on a planar horizontal substrate. The substrate is subjected to oscillatory accelerations in the normal and/or in the horizontal direction(s). The description is based on the longwave approximation including inertia effects, which are important due to the large velocities imparted by external vibrations. The linearized system is examined using the Floquet analysis. Pattern formation in the nonlinear regime is computed numerically from the longwave equations for the thickness and the flow rate of the fluid in two and in three spatial dimensions. For certain amplitude and frequency ranges, combined lateral and normal oscillations can give rise to one or more traveling drops, similar to recent experimental findings by Brunet et al. [Phys. Rev. Lett. 99, 144501 (2007)].
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Pluronic P85/poly(lactic acid) vesicles as novel carrier for oral insulin delivery.
Colloids Surf B Biointerfaces
PUBLISHED: 03-27-2013
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Poly(lactic acid)-b-Pluronic-b-poly(lactic acid) (PLA-P85-PLA) vesicles were developed as novel carrier for oral insulin delivery. PLA-P85-PLA block copolymer was synthesized by ring opening polymerization of the monomer l-lactide using Pluronic copolymer P85 as the initiator. Insulin-loaded PLA-P85-PLA vesicles were prepared by dialysis method and the mean diameter of insulin-loaded PLA-P85-PLA vesicles was determined to be 178nm. The cytotoxicity studies using human ovarian cancer cells OVCAR-3 indicate that PLA-P85-PLA block copolymer has good biocompatibility. Both in vitro and in vivo release behavior of insulin loaded in PLA-P85-PLA vesicles were studied. It was observed that insulin was released out gradually from PLA-P85-PLA vesicles and almost all insulin was released out 7.5h later. More importantly, for the oral administration of insulin-loaded PLA-P85-PLA vesicles at insulin doses of 200IU/kg, the minimum blood glucose concentration was observed in the diabetic mice test after 2.5h, which was 15% of initial glucose level. Furthermore, the blood glucose concentration increased slowly to 31.8% of initial blood glucose concentration after 10.5h and was maintained at this level for at least an additional 14h (32.5% of initial blood glucose concentration at 24.5h). These results proved that PLA-P85-PLA vesicles could be promising polymeric carriers for oral insulin delivery application due to their sustained and enhanced hypoglycemic effect.
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Simultaneous determination of seven hydrophilic bioactive compounds in water extract of Polygonum multiflorum using pressurized liquid extraction and short-end injection micellar electrokinetic chromatography.
Chem Cent J
PUBLISHED: 01-25-2013
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Polygoni Multiflori Radix, He-Shou-Wu in Chinese, is a widely used traditional Chinese medicine. Clinically, water decoction is the major application form of He-Shou-Wu. Therefore, simultaneous determination of bioactive compounds in water extract is very important for its quality control.
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Reinforced aortic root reconstruction for acute type A aortic dissection involving the aortic root.
Rev Bras Cir Cardiovasc
PUBLISHED: 01-14-2013
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There are debates regarding the optimal approach for AAAD involving the aortic root. We described a modified reinforced aortic root reconstruction approach for treating AAAD involving the aortic root.
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In vivo suppression of microRNA-24 prevents the transition toward decompensated hypertrophy in aortic-constricted mice.
Circ. Res.
PUBLISHED: 01-10-2013
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During the transition from compensated hypertrophy to heart failure, the signaling between L-type Ca(2+) channels in the cell membrane/T-tubules and ryanodine receptors in the sarcoplasmic reticulum becomes defective, partially because of the decreased expression of a T-tubule-sarcoplasmic reticulum anchoring protein, junctophilin-2. MicroRNA (miR)-24, a junctophilin-2 suppressing miR, is upregulated in hypertrophied and failing cardiomyocytes.
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The Association between Hypoxia-Inducible Factor-1 ? Gene C1772T Polymorphism and Cancer Risk: A Meta-Analysis of 37 Case-Control Studies.
PLoS ONE
PUBLISHED: 01-01-2013
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The possible association between HIF-1? C1772T polymorphism and cancer risk has been studied extensively. However, the results were controversial. In order to get a more precise conclusion of this association, a meta-analysis was performed.
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[Expression of PDCD5 and caspase 3 in the cochlea of different age of C57BL/6J mice].
Zhonghua Er Bi Yan Hou Tou Jing Wai Ke Za Zhi
PUBLISHED: 12-20-2011
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To investigate the age related changes of the expression of programmed cell death 5 (PDCD5) and caspase 3 in the cochlea of the different age of C57BL/6J mice. The relationship of PDCD5 and caspase 3 and the possible roles in the pathogenesis of presbycusis were also discussed.
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[Cd uptake in rice cultivars and Cd fractions in soil treated with organic acids and EDTA].
Huan Jing Ke Xue
PUBLISHED: 12-15-2011
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A pot experiment was conducted to examine the yield, quality and cadmium (Cd) uptake in different rice cultivars, and Cd speciation in soil after exposing to Cd (0, 1 and 5 mg x kg(-1)) in the presence of organic acids and ethylenediamine tetraacetic acid (EDTA). The results showed that general increase in the yield for cultivars Xiushui63 and II you527 was observed. Yield of two rice cultivars were in order of organic acids treatment or organic acids + 1/2EDTA treatment > EDTA treatment. The exchangeable, carbonate related and ferric-manganese oxidation related Cd increased; while organic complexation Cd and residules decreased in the presence of organic acids and EDTA. Cadmium concentrations in grain, straw and roots of both cultivars markedly reduced in the presence of organic acids and EDTA. Grain Cd concentration was the lowest for plants treated with EDTA, followed by organic acids + 1/2EDTA, and the highest Cd concentration in grain was found in the treatment with organic acids. Grain Cd concentration decreased by 9.0% to 49.3% and 16.5% to 30.6% at 1 mg x kg(-1) Cd in the presence of organic acids and EDTA, and by 12.7% to 28.5% and 4.3% to 19.1% at 5 mg x kg(-1) Cd. Cadmium concentration and accumulation in plants and total Cd content in soil were higher in Xiushui63 than in that in II you527. Grain Cd concentration decreased, and yield and quality of two rice cultivars increased at the same time in the presence of organic acids + 1/2EDTA.
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[Quantitative analyses of intrahepatic HBV cccDNA and serum HBsAg in 54 patients with chronic hepatitis B].
Zhonghua Gan Zang Bing Za Zhi
PUBLISHED: 12-01-2011
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To quantitatively detect intrahepatic HBV covalently closed circular DNA (cccDNA) and serum HBsAg; and to analyze the relationship between the two parameters and with serum HBV DNA level.
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[Evaluation of immune responses and related patho-inflammatory reactions of a candidate inactivated EV71 vaccine in neonatal monkeys].
Zhonghua Yi Xue Za Zhi
PUBLISHED: 11-19-2011
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To evaluate the safety of enterovirus type 71 (EV71) inactivated vaccine (human diploid derived) for infection prevention in an animal model by investigating the immune responses and related patho-inflammatory reactions.
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Benzyl (E)-3-(2-bromo-5-meth-oxy-benzyl-idene)dithio-carbazate.
Acta Crystallogr Sect E Struct Rep Online
PUBLISHED: 10-07-2011
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The title compound, C(16)H(15)BrN(2)OS(2), was obtained from the condensation reaction of benzyl dithio-carbazate and 2-bromo-5-meth-oxy-lbenzaldehyde. In the mol-ecule, the bromo-meth-oxy-phenyl ring and dithio-carbazate fragment are located on the opposite sides of the C=N double bond, showing the E conformation. The dithio-carbazate fragment is approximately planar (r.m.s deviation 0.0187?Å); its mean plane is oriented with respect to the bromo-meth-oxy-phenyl and phenyl rings at 7.60?(12) and 60.08?(9)°, respectively. In the crystal, inversion dimers linked by pairs of N-H?S hydrogen bonds occur. A short Br?Br contact of 3.5526?(12)?Å is observed in the crystal structure.
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Benzyl (E)-3-(4-meth-oxy-benzyl-idene)dithio-carbazate.
Acta Crystallogr Sect E Struct Rep Online
PUBLISHED: 10-07-2011
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The title compound, C(16)H(16)N(2)OS(2), was obtained from a condensation reaction of benzyl dithio-carbazate and 4-meth-oxy-benzaldehyde. In the mol-ecule, the meth-oxy-phenyl ring and dithio-carbazate fragment are located on opposite sides of the C=N double bond, showing an E configuration. The dithio-carbazate fragment is approximately planar (r.m.s. deviation = 0.0052?Å); its mean plane is oriented at dihedral angles of 8.19?(15) and 85.70?(13)°, respectively, to the meth-oxy-phenyl and phenyl rings. Inter-molecular N-H?S hydrogen bonds and weak C-H?? inter-actions are observed in the crystal structure.
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Adjuvant therapy of breast cancer with pirarubicin versus epirubicin in combination with cyclophosphamide and 5-fluorouracil.
Breast J
PUBLISHED: 09-20-2011
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We performed a retrospective study of 856 breast cancer patients in our hospital, to compare the therapeutic effect of pirarubicin with cyclophosphamide and 5-fluorouracil (CPF) with the standard epirubicin-based regimen (CEF) in adjuvant treatment of breast cancer. Patients were given cyclophosphamide and 5-fluorouracil 500 mg/m(2) each, and either pirarubicin 40 mg/m(2) or epirubicin 75-100 mg/m(2) , every 3 weeks, six cycles. A total of 233 patients used CPF and 623 patients used CEF regimen. The clinical and pathologic characteristics were well balanced between the two groups. The median follow-up time was 41 months, relapse-free survival (RFS) and overall survival (OS) were similar in both groups, p = 0.561 and p = 0.783, respectively. No treatment-related congestive heart failure or death was observed in either group. Regardless of chemotherapy regimens, only tumor size, lymph node status, and ER status were predictive factors in multivariate survival analysis. In stratified analysis, the total hazard ratio estimate for RFS was 0.876 (95% CI 0.561-1.369; p = 0.562), not in favor of either regimen, and no significant difference was observed in any subgroups between the two treatment arms. Our study verified that 3 weekly CPF gives the same efficacy and safety as the standard CEF; both CPF and CEF are the effective regimens that can be used in adjuvant chemotherapy of breast cancer.
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[A pilot investigation on serum protein fingerprinting of nasopharyngeal carcinoma].
Zhonghua Er Bi Yan Hou Tou Jing Wai Ke Za Zhi
PUBLISHED: 09-20-2011
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To establish a preliminary foundation for developing a serum proteomics diagnostic model of nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) by comparing the differences in serum protein fingerprints between patients with NPC and healthy subjects and between different types of NPC.
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Role and significance of extracellular polymeric substances on the property of aerobic granule.
Bioresour. Technol.
PUBLISHED: 09-18-2011
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Because of the important role of extracellular polymeric substances (EPS) in microbial aggregates, the relationship of the EPS and physico-chemical properties of aerobic granule was studied in two sequencing airlift bioreactors (SABR) using two kinds of substrates, acetate+glucose and 4-chloroaniline (4-ClA). Higher amounts of the exopolymeric protein (PN) and lower polysaccharides (PS) and DNA level were extracted from aerobic granules in the SABRs, and the variations in the PN and PN/PS of aerobic granules were higher (770% and 360%) in the SABR using 4-ClA as substrate than that in the other reactor. At the same time, suitable operating parameters (surface gas velocity at about 2.4 cm s(-1) and settling time at 5-10 min) favored EPS production and sludge granulation. Furthermore, the minimal settling velocity, hydrophobicity, surface charge increased in accordance with PN content increase, and a negative correlation between the sludge volume index (SVI) and PN content was observed.
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Mutagenesis of barley malting quality QTLs with Ds transposons.
Funct. Integr. Genomics
PUBLISHED: 09-12-2011
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Various functional genomic tools are being used to identify and characterize genes in plants. The Activator/Dissociation (Ac/Ds) transposon-based approach offers great potential, especially in barley, due to its limited success of genetic transformation and its large genome size. The bias of the Ac/Ds system towards genic regions and its tendency toward localized transpositions can greatly enhance the discovery and tagging of genes linked to Ds. Barley is a key ingredient in malting and brewing industry; therefore, gene discovery in relation to malting has an industrial perspective. Malting quality in barley is a complex and quantitatively inherited trait. Two major quantitative trait loci (QTLs) affecting malting quality traits have been located on chromosome 4H. In this study, Ds was reactivated from parent transposants (TNP) lines, TNP-29 and TNP-79, where Ds was mapped in the vicinity of important malting QTLs. Reactivation of Ds was carried out both by conventional breeding and in vitro approaches. A threefold increase in reactivation frequency through the in vitro approach enabled the development of a new genomic resource for the dissection of malting QTL and gene discovery in barley. Identification of unique flanking sequences, using high-efficiency thermal asymmetric interlaced PCR and inverse PCR from these populations, has further emphasized the new location of Ds in the barley genome and provided new transposon mutants especially in ?-GAL1, ?-amylase-like gene and ABC transporter for functional genomic studies.
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Proteome reference map and regulation network of neonatal rat cardiomyocyte.
Acta Pharmacol. Sin.
PUBLISHED: 08-15-2011
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To study and establish a proteome reference map and regulation network of neonatal rat cardiomyocyte.
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[Value of spiral CT examination for diagnosis of occult fracture of ankle and foot].
Zhongguo Gu Shang
PUBLISHED: 07-27-2011
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To investigate the value of spiral CT examination for diagnosis occult fracture of the patients with negative result of X-ray examination and with high suspicion of fractures,so as to reduce misdiagnosis.
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Benzyl (E)-3-(2-methyl-benzyl-idene)dithio-carbazate.
Acta Crystallogr Sect E Struct Rep Online
PUBLISHED: 07-22-2011
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The title compound, C(16)H(16)N(2)S(2), was obtained from the condensation reaction of benzyl dithio-carbazate and 2-methyl-benzaldehyde. The asymmetric unit contains two independent mol-ecules. In both mol-ecules, the methyl-phenyl ring and the dithio-carbazate fragment are located on opposite sides of the C=N bond, showing an E conformation. In each mol-ecule, the dithio-carbazate fragment is approximately planar, the r.m.s deviations being 0.018 and 0.025?Å. The mean plane of dithio-carbazate group is oriented at dihedral angles of 7.9?(3) and 68.24?(12)°, respectively, to the methyl-phenyl and phenyl rings in one mol-ecule, while the corresponding angles in the other mol-ecule are 10.9?(3) and 69.76?(16)°. Inter-molecular N-H?S hydrogen bonding occurs in the crystal structure to generate inversion dimers for both molecules.
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(E)-N-[1-(Thio-phen-2-yl)ethyl-idene]benzohydrazide.
Acta Crystallogr Sect E Struct Rep Online
PUBLISHED: 07-16-2011
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The title compound, C(13)H(12)N(2)OS, was obtained from the condensation reaction of 2-acetyl-thio-phene and benzohydrazide. In the mol-ecule, the formohydrazide fragment is approximately planar (r.m.s deviation = 0.0146?Å) and the mean plane is oriented at dihedral angles of 24.47?(11) and 28.86?(13)°, respectively, to the phenyl and thio-phene rings. The thio-phene and phenyl rings make a dihedral angle of 53.21?(8)°. The benzamide fragment and thio-phene ring are located on the opposite sides of the C=N bond, showing an E conformation. Classical inter-molecular N-H?O hydrogen bonds and weak C-H?O inter-actions are present in the crystal structure: three such bonds occur to the same O-atom acceptor.
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Benzyl 3-[(E)-2-nitro-benzyl-idene]dithio-carbazate.
Acta Crystallogr Sect E Struct Rep Online
PUBLISHED: 07-09-2011
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The title compound, C(15)H(13)N(3)O(2)S(2), was obtained from a condensation reaction of benzyl dithio-carbazate and 2-nitro-benzaldehyde. In the mol-ecule, the nearly planar dithio-carbazate fragment [r.m.s deviation = 0.0264?Å] is oriented at dihedral angles of 7.25?(17) and 74.09?(9)°with respect to the two benzene rings. The nitro group is twisted by a dihedral angle of 22.4?(7)° to the attached benzene ring. The nitro-benzene ring and dithio-carbazate fragment are located on the opposite sides of the C=N bond, showing an E configuration. In the crystal, mol-ecules are linked via inter-molecular N-H?S hydrogen bonds, forming centrosymmetric supra-molecular dimers. Weak C-H?? inter-action is also observed in the crystal structure.
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Benzyl 3-[(E)-1-(pyrazin-2-yl)ethyl-idene]dithio-carbazate.
Acta Crystallogr Sect E Struct Rep Online
PUBLISHED: 07-09-2011
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The title compound, C(14)H(14)N(4)S(2), was obtained from a condensation reaction of benzyl dithio-carbazate and acetyl-pyrazine. The asymmetric unit contains two independent mol-ecules, in each of which the pyrazine ring and dithio-carbazate unit are approximately co-planar, the r.m.s. deviations being 0.0304 and 0.0418?Å. The mean plane is oriented with respect to the benzene ring at 49.22?(4)° in one mol-ecule and at 69.76?(7)° in the other. In the crystal, the mol-ecules are linked to each other via inter-molecular N-H?S hydrogen bonds, forming centrosymmetric supra-molecular dimers.
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Chronic ?-adrenoceptor antagonists upregulate the rat alveolar macrophage adrenergic system through the ?1-subtype.
Cell. Physiol. Biochem.
PUBLISHED: 07-07-2011
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Previous studies demonstrate that macrophages synthesis and release catecholamines, which regulate the immune responses in an autocrine manner. These responses are mediated in part by ?-adrenoceptors expressed on macrophages. Some ?-adrenoceptor antagonists are commonly used in clinical conditions. Here we investigated whether the chronic administration of ?-adrenoceptor antagonists upregulate adrenergic system of alveolar macrophage and the potential mechanims.
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[Effect of phosphor on accumulation and chemical forms of cadmium, and physiological characterization in different varieties of Capsicum annuum L].
Huan Jing Ke Xue
PUBLISHED: 07-02-2011
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Pot experiments were carried out to investigate the influence of different Phosphor (P) levels (0, 0.3% and 0.5%) on the plant growth, activities of antioxidant enzymes, accumulation and chemical forms of cadmium (Cd) in Capsicum annuum L. when exposed to Cd (10 mg x kg(-1)). The results showed that dry weights of leaf, fruit, roots and total dry weights of plant, and concentration and accumulation of Cd significantly differed between two varieties of Capsicum annuum L. Dry weights of fruit and total plant of Chaotianjiao increased by P (0.3% and 0.5%), while that of Yanjiao425 was inhibited. Activities of catalase (CAT) were increased at first, and then reduced in the presence of P; Activities of superoxide dismutase (SOD) and peroxidase (POD) of Chaotianjiao increased with increasing levels of P, but activities of SOD and POD of Yanjiao425 decreased with increasing levels of P. Chemical forms of Cd in fruit of Capsicum annuum L. were in order of F(NaCl) > F(HAC) > F(E) > Fr > F(HC) > F(W). The total extractable Cd, ethanol-extractable Cd, hydrochloric acid-extractable Cd and residual Cd in fruit of Ynajiao425 obviously decreased in the presence of P compared to the control, while the total extractable Cd, water-extractable Cd, acetic acid-extractable Cd and residual Cd in fruit of Chaotianjiao increased. Cadmium accumulations of Capsicum annuum L. were in order of roots > stew > leaf > fruit. Cadmium accumulations in fruit and plant of Yanjiao425 were decreased by 47.7% and 58.5% , 5.5% and 13. 1% in the presence of 0.3% and 0.5% P when exposed to Cd, and Cd accumulations in fruit and plant of Chaotianjiao were decreased by 23.6% in the presence of 0.3% P.
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Long-term MMP inhibition by doxycycline exerts divergent effect on ventricular extracellular matrix deposition and systolic performance in stroke-prone spontaneously hypertensive rats.
Clin. Exp. Hypertens.
PUBLISHED: 06-07-2011
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Pharmacologic inhibition of matrix metalloproteinases (MMP) by doxycycline is of therapeutic potential for a number of cardiovascular diseases characterized by excessive activation of MMP. So far, long-term administration of doxycycline in the treatment of hypertensive ventricular remodeling has not been systemically investigated. Seven-week-old stroke-prone spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHRSP) were fed with doxycycline (30 mgKg(-1) daily) for 26 weeks, when the mortality rate of the control group reached 50%. Stroke incidence was recognized by daily monitoring of stroke symptoms. Left ventricular (LV) performance was measured by in-vivo pressure-volume loop analysis and ex-vivo passive pressure-volume relationship at the time of sacrifice. Collagen deposition, gelatinases activity, protein abundance of gelatinases, and tissue inhibitor of matrix metalloproteinases (TIMP) -1, -2, and related mRNA levels in the heart were determined. MMP-9 expression was not detected in all groups. Excessive activation of MMP-2 in the heart could be partially suppressed by doxycycline. Left ventricular systolic function and ventricular size was partially ameliorated by doxycycline; however, elevated collagen deposition co-existed in the heart. Moreover, doxycycline could downregulate MMP-2 and TIMP-1 expression both at mRNA and protein levels, and TIMP-2 represented opposite expression pattern. These results demonstrate that long-term administration of doxycycline during the development of hypertension has no impact on stroke death, and could partially preserve LV systolic performance and restrain LV chamber dilation, but leads to increased LV extracellular matrix accumulation. Interrupted cardiac MMP-2/TIMP-2 balance by doxycycline may play a role in this process.
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Intracystic negative pressure may promote bone formation around jaw cysts.
Shanghai Kou Qiang Yi Xue
PUBLISHED: 05-14-2011
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The growth and enlargement of jaw cysts are associated with raised intracystic pressure and bone resorption surrounding the cysts. The major bone-resorbing cells are the osteoclasts. They are acting under the influence of local bone-resorbing factors: prostaglandins, proteinases and cytokines. It was found that positive pressure enhanced the expression of IL-1?mRNA and protein in epithelial cells of odontogenic keratocyst, and increased the secretion of matrix metalloproteinase and PGE2 in a co-culture of odontogenic keratocyst fibroblasts and epithelial cells. However, the signal intensities for IL-1?mRNA and protein in the epithelium were significantly decreased after marsupialization which relived intracystic pressure. Experimental study indicated that intermittent negative pressure could promote osteogenesis in human bone marrow-derived stroma cells (BMSCs) in vitro. We propose a hypothesis that bone formation around the cyst of the jaws would be stimulated by intracystic negative pressure.
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High salt intake accelerated cardiac remodeling in spontaneously hypertensive rats: time window of left ventricular functional transition and its relation to salt-loading doses.
Clin. Exp. Hypertens.
PUBLISHED: 05-02-2011
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Salt-loading is an accelerator of hypertensive left ventricular (LV) remodeling. The relationship between salt-loading doses and the time window in which a transition from compensated to decompensated LV hypertrophy occurs in spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR) is unclear. Eight-week-old male SHR and Wistar Kyoto rats (WKY) were randomized to receive normal (0.5% NaCl) and high salt diets (4% or 8% NaCl) for 12 weeks. Left ventricular remodeling was dynamically determined by echocardiography. LV invasive hemodynamics and morphologic staining [collagen deposition, cardiomyocte hypertrophy, DNA damage (8-hydroxy-2-deoxyguanosine, 8-OHdG) and apoptosis] were performed at time of sacrifice. Cardiac malonyldialdehyde (MDA) level was measured by ELISA. No differences between 4% and 8% salt diets, in terms of blood pressure (BP) levels, heart mass index, and myocardial fibrosis were observed either in SHR or in WKY. In high salt-loaded SHR, the LV ejection fraction and wall thickness peaked at 8 weeks after salt-loading, parallel with a progressive enlargement of the LV chamber size. Furthermore, when compared to 4% salt SHR, LV functions were significantly compromised in 8% salt SHR, accompanied by more prominent cardiomyoctye hypertrophy, oxidative stress (and related DNA damage), and apoptosis. Salt-loading for 12 weeks with 8% NaCl diet is more efficient to induce LV dysfunction than 4% NaCl diet does in SHR, possibly by initiating increased oxidative stress and resultant cardiac damage. Moreover, 8 to 12 weeks after 8% salt-loading is the key time window in which a transition from compensated to decompensated LV hypertrophy occurs.
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Characterization of Prototheca zopfii associated with outbreak of bovine clinical mastitis in herd of Beijing, China.
Mycopathologia
PUBLISHED: 04-26-2011
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Prototheca zopfii (P. zopfii) has become an important cause of bovine mastitis in many countries. In the present study, to better understand the occurrence of one clinical mastitis (CM) outbreak due to P. zopfii, the molecular characterization and resistance patterns of the microalga were described. P. zopfii strains were isolated from 17 of 23 quarters, which suffered CM in the outbreak, and 7 of 46 CM recovered quarters before the outbreak, as well as 2 of 75 environmental samples in the dairy farm. All strains were identified as genotype 2 by genotype-specific PCR analysis. Results of in vitro antimicrobial and antifungal susceptibility tests indicated that these strains were resistant to majority of tested drugs, with the only exception of amphotericin B, nystatin, streptomycin, gentamicin, and amikacin. This is the first report about CM outbreak caused by P. zopfii in China. These data suggest that P. zopfii may represent a serious risk in the studied herd, and this microalga could be an important potential pathogen causing mastitis in dairy herds of Beijing.
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Biofilm formation and microbial community analysis of the simulated river bioreactor for contaminated source water remediation.
Environ Sci Pollut Res Int
PUBLISHED: 04-18-2011
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The start-up pattern of biofilm remediation system affects the biofilm characteristics and operating performances. The objective of this study was to evaluate the performances of the contaminated source water remediation systems with different start-up patterns in view of the pollutants removal performances and microbial community succession.
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Host cell protein C9orf9 promotes viral proliferation via interaction with HSV-1 UL25 protein.
Virol Sin
PUBLISHED: 04-06-2011
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In light of the scarcity of reports on the interaction between HSV-1 nucleocapsid protein UL25 and its host cell proteins, the purpose of this study is to use yeast two-hybrid screening to search for cellular proteins that can interact with the UL25 protein. C9orf69, a protein of unknown function was identified. The interaction between the two proteins under physiological conditions was also confirmed by biological experiments including co-localization by fluorescence and immunoprecipitation. A preliminary study of the function of C9orf69 showed that it promotes viral proliferation. Further studies showed that C9orf69 did not influence viral multiplication efficiency by transcriptional regulation of viral genes, but indirectly promoted proliferation via interaction with UL25.
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[Association of age-related hearing loss with ion transporter KCNQ1 and NKCC1 in cochlea of C57BL/6J mice].
Zhonghua Er Bi Yan Hou Tou Jing Wai Ke Za Zhi
PUBLISHED: 03-24-2011
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To investigate the age-related expression of KCNQ1 and NKCC1 ion transporters in the stria vascularis in the cochlea of C57BL/6J mice, and to analyze the relationship between the two ion transporters and age-related hearing loss.
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Postinfarction healing dynamics in the mechanically unloaded rat left ventricle.
Am. J. Physiol. Heart Circ. Physiol.
PUBLISHED: 03-11-2011
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The healing process is a key determinant for postinfarction left ventricular (LV) remodeling and the development of heart failure, which could be influenced by mechanical (pressure and/or volume) load. So far, limited information exists regarding an indepth characterization of the postinfarct healing process in the mechanically unloaded state. In the present work, we performed isogenic Lewis-to-Lewis rat abdominal heterotopic heart transplantation, which is characterized by hemodynamic unloading in the left ventricle, and simultaneously ligated the left anterior descending coronary artery (T-infarct group). Pathological evolution was dynamically compared with that of in situ infarcted Lewis hearts (I-infarct group) on days 3, 7, 14, and 35. There was a remarkable myocardial salvage in the unloaded heart, as shown by the improvement in infarct size (T-infarct group: 25.47% ± 4.31% vs. I-infarct group: 38.46% ± 4.82%, P < 0.01) and the smaller fraction of fibrosis in infarct segments (T-infarct group: 42.12% ± 8.40% vs. I-infarct group: 75.65% ± 10.51%, P < 0.01). In addition, there was a progressive disorganization of the two-dimensional collagen fiber alignment as well as retarded collagen fiber maturation in the T-infarct group. We also observed enhanced angiogenesis, lymphangiogenesis, and inflammatory cell retention in the infarct region during mechanical unloading. Moreover, capillary density and collagen deposition were significantly increased in the noninfarcted area of the unloaded heart compared with the same region in the in situ infarcted heart. In conclusion, ischemic insult in the mechanically unloaded heart elicits an altered inflammatory and healing response, which is characterized by myocardial salvage, delayed resolution of inflammation, and disorganization of the collagen orientation in the infarcted region. These findings could provide novel insights into the contribution of hemodynamic load in the postinfarction healing process. Further studies are warranted to elucidate its potential mechanism.
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Changes in bone density and cyst volume after marsupialization of mandibular odontogenic keratocysts (keratocystic odontogenic tumors).
J. Oral Maxillofac. Surg.
PUBLISHED: 01-04-2011
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To evaluate bone formation after marsupialization of odontogenic keratocysts (keratocystic odontogenic tumors) of the mandible.
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JoVE Visualize is a tool created to match the last 5 years of PubMed publications to methods in JoVE's video library.

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In developing our video relationships, we compare around 5 million PubMed articles to our library of over 4,500 methods videos. In some cases the language used in the PubMed abstracts makes matching that content to a JoVE video difficult. In other cases, there happens not to be any content in our video library that is relevant to the topic of a given abstract. In these cases, our algorithms are trying their best to display videos with relevant content, which can sometimes result in matched videos with only a slight relation.