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Find video protocols related to scientific articles indexed in Pubmed.
[(99m)Tc]cFLFLF for Early Diagnosis and Therapeutic Evaluation in a Rat Model of Acute Osteomyelitis.
Mol Imaging Biol
PUBLISHED: 10-18-2014
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Early diagnosis and therapeutic monitoring of acute osteomyelitis (AO) is challenging. Here, we use a polyethylene glycol (PEG)ylated chemotactic peptide cinnamoyl-F-(D)L-F-(D)L-F (cFLFLF) conjugated with hydrazinonicotinamide (HYNIC) and labeled with Tc-99m ([(99m)Tc]cFLFLF) to image AO in a rat model and to validate its efficacy in early diagnosis and therapeutic evaluation of AO.
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Effects of co-existed proteins on measurement of pesticide residues in blood by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry.
J. Chromatogr. B Analyt. Technol. Biomed. Life Sci.
PUBLISHED: 05-14-2010
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Accurate measurement of pesticides in biological fluids such as blood is important for quantifying environmental exposures. Beyond sample enrichment and separation, the method presented here is focused on studies of interactions between pesticides and co-existed proteins. It was experimentally demonstrated that entrapped or adsorbed pesticide residues within the folded native structures of proteins were poorly recovered using direct solvent extraction solely. We described here an effective approach termed Enzymatic Digestion-Organic Solvent Extraction (eDOSE) that utilizes the enzymatic approach to disrupt the folded structures of proteins and release entrapped or adsorbed pesticide residues. In this approach, samples were first reduced, alkylated, tryptically digested and then diluted 10 times before the subsequent extraction using an n-hexane solution. Resultant pesticide residues were determined by capillary gas chromatography coupled with a mass spectrometer. Mean recoveries of the 5 organophosphorus pesticides pre-spiked in fish blood including diazinon, parathion-methyl, malathion, parathion-ethyl and ethion were 85%, 95%, 84%, 103%, and 43% respectively using eDOSE strategy but only 24%, 45%, 40%, 27%, and 29% respectively using direct solvent extraction approach. The eDOSE approach was effective for demonstrating the critical role of folded native structure of serum albumin in adsorption of exogenous chemicals. It provides an alterative means for denaturation of proteins when the target analytes are not stable in acidic solution or entrapped within the protein aggregates caused by organic solvents such as acetone that have been applied for protein denaturation. The eDOSE approach should be able to combine with other advanced techniques of enrichment and separation for more efficient and accurate measurement of target compounds present in the context of complex biological systems. This approach can provide wide applications to the analysis of a variety of small molecules including environmental pesticide residues and metabolites as well as other toxins present in cells, tissues and biofluids.
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Quantitative analysis of aberrant fatty acid composition of zebrafish hepatic lipids induced by organochlorine pesticide using stable isotope-coded transmethylation and gas chromatography-mass spectrometry.
Anal Bioanal Chem
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Organochlorine pesticides have been extensively used worldwide for agricultural purposes. Due to their resistance to metabolism, a major public health concern has been raised. Aberrant hepatic lipid composition has been a hallmark of many liver diseases associated with exposure to various toxins and chemicals. And thus lots of efforts have been focused on the development of analytical techniques that can rapidly and quantitatively determine the changes in fatty acid composition of hepatic lipids. In this work, changes in fatty acid composition of hepatic lipids in response to DDT (dichlorodiphenyltrichloroethane) exposure were quantitatively analyzed by a gas chromatography-mass spectrometric approach based on stable isotope-coded transmethylation. It has been quantitatively demonstrated that polyunsaturated fatty acids including C20:3n3, C20:4n6, and C22:6n3 decrease in response to DDT exposure. However, saturated long chain fatty acids including C16:0, C18:0, as well as monounsaturated long chain fatty acid C18:1n9 consistently increase in a DDT-concentration-dependent manner. In particular, much higher changes in the level of hepatic C16:0 and C18:0 for male fish were observed than that for female fish. These experimental results are in accordance with qualitative histopathological analysis that revealed liver morphological alterations. The stable isotope-coded mass spectrometric approach provides a reliable means for investigating hepatotoxicity associated with fatty acid synthesis, desaturation, mitochondrial beta-oxidation, and lipid mobilization. It should be useful in elucidation of hepatotoxic mechanisms and safety assessment of environmental toxins.
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What is Visualize?

JoVE Visualize is a tool created to match the last 5 years of PubMed publications to methods in JoVE's video library.

How does it work?

We use abstracts found on PubMed and match them to JoVE videos to create a list of 10 to 30 related methods videos.

Video X seems to be unrelated to Abstract Y...

In developing our video relationships, we compare around 5 million PubMed articles to our library of over 4,500 methods videos. In some cases the language used in the PubMed abstracts makes matching that content to a JoVE video difficult. In other cases, there happens not to be any content in our video library that is relevant to the topic of a given abstract. In these cases, our algorithms are trying their best to display videos with relevant content, which can sometimes result in matched videos with only a slight relation.