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Find video protocols related to scientific articles indexed in Pubmed.
Secondary Acute Myeloid Leukemia in a One-Year-Old Girl Diagnosed with JAK2-V617F Mutation Positive Myeloproliferative Neoplasm.
Case Rep Med
PUBLISHED: 02-15-2014
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Myeloproliferative neoplasms (MPNs) are a group of clonal disorders characterized by hyperproliferation of hematologic cell lines and have been associated with tyrosine kinase JAK2-V617F mutations. Secondary acute myeloid leukemia (sAML) is a known complication of JAK2-V617F+ MPNs and bears a poor prognosis. Although the evolution of a JAK2-V617F+ MPN to a mixed-lineage leukemia has been reported in the pediatric population, no evolutions into sAML have been described. We present a case of a one-year-old girl diagnosed with JAK2-V617F+ MPN with evolution into sAML. Despite initial morphologic remission, she eventually relapsed and succumbed to her disease.
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Reduced intensity transplantation for congenital amegakaryocytic thrombocytopenia: Report of a case and review of the literature.
Pediatr Transplant
PUBLISHED: 08-29-2013
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CAMT is a bone marrow failure syndrome that usually presents with isolated thrombocytopenia soon after birth. HSCT is curative, and MAC is associated with increased transplant-related morbidity and mortality, especially in the unrelated setting. We used a RIC regimen with alemtuzumab, fludarabine, and melphalan in a seven-month-old patient with CAMT who underwent a MUD HSCT. The transplant was well tolerated with few complications. Neutrophil and platelet engraftment occurred on day +12 and +29, respectively, and she had 100% donor chimerisms on days +19.
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Hypervirulent (hypermucoviscous) Klebsiella pneumoniae: a new and dangerous breed.
Virulence
PUBLISHED: 01-09-2013
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A new hypervirulent (hypermucoviscous) variant of Klebsiella pneumoniae has emerged. First described in the Asian Pacific Rim, it now increasingly recognized in Western countries. Defining clinical features are the ability to cause serious, life-threatening community-acquired infection in younger healthy hosts, including liver abscess, pneumonia, meningitis and endophthalmitis and the ability to metastatically spread, an unusual feature for enteric Gram-negative bacilli in the non-immunocompromised. Despite infecting a healthier population, significant morbidity and mortality occurs. Although epidemiologic features are still being defined, colonization, particularly intestinal colonization, appears to be a critical step leading to infection. However the route of entry remains unclear. The majority of cases described to date are in Asians, raising the issue of a genetic predisposition vs. geospecific strain acquisition. The traits that enhance its virulence when compared with "classical" K. pneumoniae are the ability to more efficiently acquire iron and perhaps an increase in capsule production, which confers the hypermucoviscous phenotype. An objective diagnostic test suitable for routine use in the clinical microbiology laboratory is needed. If/when these strains become increasingly resistant to antimicrobials, we will be faced with a frightening clinical scenario.
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Heterozygous M1V variant of ELA-2 gene mutation associated with G-CSF refractory severe congenital neutropenia.
Pediatr Blood Cancer
PUBLISHED: 05-25-2011
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Severe congenital neutropenia is an autosomal recessive disorder characterized by maturation arrest at the promyelocyte/myelocyte phase in the bone marrow, absolute neutrophil count <0.5 ×?10(9) /L and recurrent bacterial infections. Homozygous mutations of either HAX-1 or ELA-2 have been described. We report the case of a premature male infant with congenital neutropenia, associated with multiple infections, refractory to treatment with granulocyte colony stimulating factor who subsequently underwent matched sibling donor stem-cell transplant. He was found to be heterozygous for the M1V variant of the ELA-2 gene that we postulate to be causative for his severe neutropenia
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Outcome of myeloablative conditioning and unrelated donor hematopoietic cell transplantation for childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia in third remission.
Biol. Blood Marrow Transplant.
PUBLISHED: 03-25-2011
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We conducted a retrospective study of 155 children who underwent unrelated donor hematopoietic cell transplantation (HCT) between 1990 and 2005 for acute lymphoblastic leukemia in third remission. The median patient age was 11 years, the median time from diagnosis to first relapse was 36 months, and the median time from first relapse to second relapse was 26 months. Stem cell sources were bone marrow (n = 115), peripheral blood (n = 11), and cord blood (n = 29). All patients received a myeloablative pretransplantation conditioning regimen. The 5-year estimates of leukemia-free survival, relapse, and nonrelapse mortality were 30%, 25%, and 45%, respectively. In multivariate analysis, the only risk factor associated with relapse was the interval between the first relapse and the second relapse. Second relapses occurring >26 months from the first relapse were associated with lower risk for post-HCT relapse compared with second relapses occurring at ?26 months (relative risk, 0.4; P = .01). Relapse risk was lowest when late second relapse was preceded by late first relapse (>36 months from diagnosis), as demonstrated by a 3-year relapse rate of 9% (P = .0009). Our data indicate that long-term leukemia-free survival can be achieved in children with acute lymphoblastic leukemia in third remission using unrelated donor HCT, especially when the second relapse occurs late.
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Pentostatin for treatment of refractory autoimmune lymphoproliferative syndrome.
Pediatr Blood Cancer
PUBLISHED: 03-03-2011
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Autoimmune lymphoproliferative syndrome (ALPS), a disorder of programmed cell death, could be due to a congenital defect in the Fas signaling pathway or other pathways for apoptosis. Most cases present with lymphoproliferation and certain autoimmune features such as thrombocytopenia, neutropenia, and anemia are due to excessive production of antibodies by B lymphocytes. Majority of cases present within the first few years of life. We report a case of ALPS presenting at birth which was refractory to splenectomy and immunosuppressive therapy, but responded to pentostatin followed by hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT).
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Disseminated Rhizomucor pusillus causing early multiorgan failure during hematopoietic stem cell transplantation for severe aplastic anemia.
J. Pediatr. Hematol. Oncol.
PUBLISHED: 03-02-2011
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Matched sibling donor hematopoietic stem cell transplantation is the standard of care for severe aplastic anemia, with an overall survival of 80% to 90%. Only 60% to 70% of patients respond to treatment with immunosuppressive therapy. The main life threatening complications are infections, graft failure, and graft versus host disease. A 10-year-old patient with severe aplastic anemia underwent matched sibling donor hematopoietic stem cell transplantation, but developed sudden onset of fatal multiorgan failure on day +12. The cause of death was found only after autopsy.
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An electronic hand hygiene surveillance device: a pilot study exploring surrogate markers for hand hygiene compliance.
Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol
PUBLISHED: 04-30-2010
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To evaluate the feasibility of using an electronic hand hygiene surveillance and feedback monitoring device.
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Metabolic syndrome and endocrine dysfunctions after HSCT in children.
Pediatr Transplant
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MS and endocrine dysfunction(s) are common well-recognized complications after HSCT. We retrospectively analyzed our data on 160 patients with a median age at transplant of five yr (0.3-23), who had been followed for a median of seven yr (range 3-18) at Nationwide Childrens Hospital after transplant. Dyslipidemia and MS were seen in 13% and 7.5% patients, respectively, and 58% of these patients were <20 yr of age. Twelve patients met the criteria for diagnosis of MS, but four of these did not meet the International Diabetic Federation or WHO criteria. Variation in the diagnostic criteria for MS leading to underdiagnosis is discussed. Female gonadal failure (27%) and hypothyroidism (21%) were the most common endocrine dysfunctions, followed by short stature and GH deficiency (17%) each. TBI and younger age at HSCT were associated with the highest burden of long-term effects, and female sex was more significantly associated with MS-related dysfunction (p < 0.05). Uniform diagnostic criteria for MS and close follow-up after transplant are important for the early diagnosis and management of these late effects, thereby improving the overall quality of life of these patients.
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HLA-matched sibling transplantation for severe aplastic anemia: impact of HLA DR15 antigen status on engraftment, graft-versus-host disease, and overall survival.
Biol. Blood Marrow Transplant.
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The HLA class II DRB1 antigen DR15 (common alleles *1501, *1502) is an important marker in the pathobiology of severe aplastic anemia (SAA). We studied 1204 recipients of HLA-matched sibling bone marrow transplantation for SAA to determine whether HLA DR15 status (as determined by allele-level typing) affected hematopoietic recovery, graft-versus-host disease (GVHD), or overall survival (OS). In multivariate analysis, secondary graft failure rate at 2 years was lower in patients who were HLA DR15+ (hazard ratio = 0.46, P = .01). However, neutrophil recovery at day -28, platelet recovery at day -100, acute GVHD, chronic GVHD, and overall mortality were independent of DR15 status. The 5-year probabilities of OS, after adjusting for age, race, performance score, transplant-conditioning regimen, and year of transplantation, were 78% and 81% for patients who were HLA DR15+ and HLA DR15-, respectively (P = .35). In conclusion, DR15 status is associated with secondary graft failure after HLA-matched sibling bone marrow transplantation for SAA but has no significant impact on survival.
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Levetiracetam for busulfan-induced seizure prophylaxis in children undergoing hematopoietic stem cell transplantation.
Pediatr Blood Cancer
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Anti-seizure prophylaxis is routinely utilized during busulfan administration for HSCT. We evaluated the feasibility and efficacy of levetiracetam in children undergoing HSCT. A total of 28 children and young adults received levetiracetam during HSCT and the outcomes and costs were compared to a historical, but similar cohort of 25 patients who had received fosphenytoin. Levetiracetam was well tolerated and was efficacious in preventing seizures. Cost of drug, administration, and monitoring were also similar among the two groups. Due to non-induction of the hepatic cytochrome P450 enzymes, levetiracetam may lead to better dose assurance of busulfan in targeted dose regimens for HSCT.
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What is Visualize?

JoVE Visualize is a tool created to match the last 5 years of PubMed publications to methods in JoVE's video library.

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We use abstracts found on PubMed and match them to JoVE videos to create a list of 10 to 30 related methods videos.

Video X seems to be unrelated to Abstract Y...

In developing our video relationships, we compare around 5 million PubMed articles to our library of over 4,500 methods videos. In some cases the language used in the PubMed abstracts makes matching that content to a JoVE video difficult. In other cases, there happens not to be any content in our video library that is relevant to the topic of a given abstract. In these cases, our algorithms are trying their best to display videos with relevant content, which can sometimes result in matched videos with only a slight relation.