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Find video protocols related to scientific articles indexed in Pubmed.
Combined point mutation in KRAS or EGFR genes and EML4-ALK translocation in lung cancer patients.
Future Oncol
PUBLISHED: 04-24-2014
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A total of three cases with novel constellations regarding mutation patterns in non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) are reported. The mutation patterns that are observed are novel and unexpected. First, a combined simultaneous KRAS mutation and EML4-ALK translocation, both in the main tumor and a bone metastasis, were observed, these mutations are assumed to mutually exclude each other. A further two cases include a father and a daughter, both of whom are suffering from NSCLC with different EGFR mutation patterns. A common cause was assumed; however, could not be deduced to mutations in the KRAS, BRAF and EGFR genes. The aforementioned cases are important, as it must be taken into account that mutations previously assumed to be exclusive can occur in combination, may influence the clinical outcome and may require different therapy compared with single mutated tumors. It has to be discussed whether diagnostic algorithms need to be adapted. The cases of father and daughter show that further unknown factors can influence development of NSCLC.
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Low Frequency of EGFR Mutations in Pleural Mesothelioma Patients, Cologne, Germany.
Diagn. Mol. Pathol.
PUBLISHED: 02-27-2014
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EGFR mutations were previously found in patients suffering from peritoneal mesothelioma but have not yet been described in pleural mesothelioma. The aim of the present study was the identification of EGFR mutations in patients suffering from pleural mesothelioma. Pleural mesothelioma tissue from 31 patients was used to analyze possible mutations in the EGFR gene comprising the exons 18-21 with the codons 719, 768, 790, 858+861, 731+734, 785, 797+801, 831, and 868 with pyrosequencing. The results indicate that 31 pleural mesothelioma patients show a wild-type EGFR gene when analyzing the codons D19, 768, 790, 858+861, 731+734, 785, 797+801, 831, and 868, whereas 2 patients have a mutation in the EGFR gene in codon 719. Sanger sequencing of the EGFR codon 785 was used for the determination of a polymorphism in the sequencing of tumor-free patients and pleural mesothelioma patients with a distribution of a wild-type homozygous sequence with guanine, a wild-type heterozygous sequence having guanine and adenine, a wild-type homozygous sequence with adenine, and a wild-type heterozygous sequence with adenine and guanine. Next, the identification of less EGFR mutations in the EGFR gene of the pleural mesothelioma an up to this time unknown polymorphism in the EGFR gene was identified which could be wrongly interpreted as a mutation.
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The Human Bocavirus Is Associated with Some Lung and Colorectal Cancers and Persists in Solid Tumors.
PLoS ONE
PUBLISHED: 01-01-2013
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Human bocavirus is the second autonomous human parvovirus with assumed pathogenic potential. Other parvoviruses are known to persist and even integrate into the host genome, eventually contributing to the multi-step development of cancer. Human bocavirus also persists in an unknown percentage of clinically asymptomatic patients in addition to those with primary infection. The aim of the present study was to analyze the role of Human bocavirus in lung and colorectal cancers. Therefore, formalin-fixed, paraffin-embedded, archived tumor samples were screened for Human bocavirus DNA by PCR, Southern blotting, and sequencing. Positive tissues were further subjected to fluorescence in situ hybridization analysis to specifically detect human bocavirus DNA in the infected cells. In total, 11 of the 60 (18.3%) lung and 9 of the 44 (20.5%) colorectal tumors tested positive for human bocavirus DNA by PCR and were confirmed by sequencing and fluorescence in situ hybridization analysis. Thus, human bocavirus DNA is present in the nuclei of infected cells, in either single or multiple copies, and appears to form concatemers. The occurrence of these human bocavirus DNA structures supports the existence of the postulated ?- or rolling-hairpin replication mechanism. Moreover, the fluorescence in situ hybridization patterns inspired the hypothesis that human bocavirus DNA either persists as cccDNA or is integrated into the host genome. This finding suggests that this virus may indirectly contribute to the development of some colorectal and lung cancers, as do other DNA viruses, such as the human hepatitis B virus, or may play an active role in cancer by interacting with the host genome.
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Respiratory infections by HMPV and RSV are clinically indistinguishable but induce different host response in aged individuals.
PLoS ONE
PUBLISHED: 01-26-2011
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Human metapneumovirus and respiratory syncytial virus can cause severe respiratory diseases, especially in infants, young children, and the elderly. So far it remains unclear why infections in the elderly become life threatening despite the presence of neutralizing antibodies in the serum, and to which extent double infections worsen the clinical course.
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Detection of head-to-tail DNA sequences of human bocavirus in clinical samples.
PLoS ONE
PUBLISHED: 01-19-2011
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Parvoviruses are single stranded DNA viruses that replicate in a so called "rolling-hairpin" mechanism, a variant of the rolling circle replication known for bacteriophages like ?X174. The replication intermediates of parvoviruses thus are concatemers of head-to-head or tail-to-tail structure. Surprisingly, in case of the novel human bocavirus, neither head-to-head nor tail-to-tail DNA sequences were detected in clinical isolates; in contrast head-to-tail DNA sequences were identified by PCR and sequencing. Thereby, the head-to-tail sequences were linked by a novel sequence of 54 bp of which 20 bp also occur as conserved structures of the palindromic ends of parvovirus MVC which in turn is a close relative to human bocavirus.
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High seroprevalence of neutralizing capacity against human metapneumovirus in all age groups studied in Bonn, Germany.
Clin. Vaccine Immunol.
PUBLISHED: 12-30-2009
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Human metapneumovirus (hMPV) infections occur frequently despite high rates of perpetual seroprevalence for all age groups. Analyses of approximately 2,000 archived, randomly selected serum samples demonstrated that neutralizing capacities remain high, with a minor decrease for individuals over 69 years of age, leading to the hypothesis that reinfections occur because humoral immune responses play minor roles in the clearance of hMPV infections.
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Polyomaviruses KI and WU in children with respiratory tract infection.
Arch. Virol.
PUBLISHED: 07-16-2009
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The polyomaviruses KI (KIPyV) and WU (WUPyV) have recently been discovered in specimens from patients with respiratory tract infections. To analyze the frequency and clinical impact in a cohort of pediatric patients in a German University Childrens Hospital. Nasopharyngeal aspirates or bronchoalveolar lavage specimens of 229 children with acute respiratory tract infection were screened for KIPyV and WUPyV using polymerase chain reaction-based methods. KIPyV was detected in 2 (0.9%) and WUPyV in 1 (0.4%) patients, without co-infections with other respiratory viruses but with co-detection of CMV, EBV and HHV 6 in one immunocompromised patient. Only a very small proportion (1.3%) of positive samples for KIPyV and WUPyV was documented in this study; the clinical relevance of these viruses remains unclear and requires further evaluation.
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Low prevalence of human metapneumovirus and human bocavirus in adult immunocompromised high risk patients suspected to suffer from Pneumocystis pneumonia.
J. Infect.
PUBLISHED: 01-13-2009
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Novel respiratory viruses were discovered in the last years predominantly in children. Until now information on newly identified respiratory viruses in immunosuppressed adult patients is limited. Here we investigated immunocompromised adults with suspected Pneumocystis jirovecii pneumonia (PCP) for new respiratory viruses.
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What is Visualize?

JoVE Visualize is a tool created to match the last 5 years of PubMed publications to methods in JoVE's video library.

How does it work?

We use abstracts found on PubMed and match them to JoVE videos to create a list of 10 to 30 related methods videos.

Video X seems to be unrelated to Abstract Y...

In developing our video relationships, we compare around 5 million PubMed articles to our library of over 4,500 methods videos. In some cases the language used in the PubMed abstracts makes matching that content to a JoVE video difficult. In other cases, there happens not to be any content in our video library that is relevant to the topic of a given abstract. In these cases, our algorithms are trying their best to display videos with relevant content, which can sometimes result in matched videos with only a slight relation.