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Find video protocols related to scientific articles indexed in Pubmed.
Changes in serum creatinine in patients with active rheumatoid arthritis treated with tofacitinib: results from clinical trials.
Arthritis Res. Ther.
PUBLISHED: 07-15-2014
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Small increases in mean serum creatinine (SCr) were observed in studies of rheumatoid arthritis patients during tofacitinib treatment. These SCr changes were investigated and potential mechanisms explored.
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Herpes zoster and tofacitinib therapy in patients with rheumatoid arthritis.
PUBLISHED: 06-10-2014
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Patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) are at increased risk for herpes zoster (HZ) (i.e., shingles). The aim of this study was to determine whether treatment with tofacitinib increases the risk of HZ in patients with RA.
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Analysis of Infections and All-Cause Mortality in Phase II, Phase III, and Long-Term Extension Studies of Tofacitinib in Patients With Rheumatoid Arthritis.
PUBLISHED: 02-20-2014
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To determine the rate of infection and all-cause mortality across tofacitinib phase II, phase III, and long-term extension (LTE) studies in patients with moderately to severely active rheumatoid arthritis (RA).
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Tofacitinib in combination with nonbiologic disease-modifying antirheumatic drugs in patients with active rheumatoid arthritis: a randomized trial.
Ann. Intern. Med.
PUBLISHED: 09-13-2013
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Many patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) do not achieve adequate and safe responses with disease-modifying antirheumatic drugs (DMARDs). Tofacitinib is a novel, oral, Janus kinase inhibitor that treats RA.
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Long-term intersession variability for single-breath diffusing capacity.
Respiration
PUBLISHED: 09-01-2011
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Characterizing long-term diffusing capacity (DL(CO)) variability is important in assessing quality control for DL(CO) equipment and patient management. Long-term DL(CO) variability has not been reported.
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Trough insulin levels in bronchoalveolar lavage following inhaled human insulin (Exubera) in patients with diabetes mellitus.
Diabetes Technol. Ther.
PUBLISHED: 08-29-2011
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There are few data regarding insulin levels in the lungs during diabetes therapy with inhaled insulin. We examined the disposition of inhaled human insulin (Exubera(®) [EXU] human insulin [recombinant DNA origin], Pfizer, New York, NY) in the lungs by measuring trough insulin levels in bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL) fluid after 12 weeks of EXU treatment.
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Inhibition of JAK kinases in patients with rheumatoid arthritis: scientific rationale and clinical outcomes.
Best Pract Res Clin Rheumatol
PUBLISHED: 08-25-2010
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CP-690,550 is an orally active and selective inhibitor of the janus kinase (JAK) molecules. The molecular pathways through which the JAK moieties function are described along with the clinical mechanisms associated with their inhibition. Animal models of JAK inhibition are reviewed as a background for the possible inhibition of JAK in humans. The pharmacokinetics of CP-690,550 in humans is described, and the Phase IIA and IIB trials are reviewed in some detail. These trials were dose-ranging and showed a general dose response with relatively robust American College of Rheumatology 20 (ACR20) responses. A proof-of-concept 6-week trial in which CP-690,550 was given as monotherapy was associated with highly efficacious responses at the mid and higher twice-daily dose ranges employed. A subsequent 24 week dose-ranging trial in which CP-690,550 was administered in combination with methotrexate showed ACR20 responses, which were also statistically significant versus placebo interventions. CP-690,550 treatment was associated with side effects, which included headache and nausea. Infections were more common versus placebo as were elevations in transaminase enzymes when administered in combination with methotrexate, and increases in low-density lipoprotein (LDL) and high-density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol. Decreases in haemoglobin and white blood cell (WBC) counts were also observed along with small increases in serum creatinine. Occasional significant decreases of haemoglobin (>2 g dl(-1)) were observed, although decreases of WBC to less than 1000 per mm(3) were not seen. Plans for long-term follow-up of the described trials are described along with the features of five presently ongoing Phase III trials of the CP-690,550 janus kinase (JAK) inhibitor. Future directions include completion and publication of these trials along with study of JAK inhibition for other indications.
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CD1c bypasses lysosomes to present a lipopeptide antigen with 12 amino acids.
J. Exp. Med.
PUBLISHED: 05-25-2009
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The recent discovery of dideoxymycobactin (DDM) as a ligand for CD1a demonstrates how a nonribosomal lipopeptide antigen is presented to T cells. DDM contains an unusual acylation motif and a peptide sequence present only in mycobacteria, but its discovery raises the possibility that ribosomally produced viral or mammalian proteins that commonly undergo lipidation might also function as antigens. To test this, we measured T cell responses to synthetic acylpeptides that mimic lipoproteins produced by cells and viruses. CD1c presented an N-acyl glycine dodecamer peptide (lipo-12) to human T cells, and the response was specific for the acyl linkage as well as the peptide length and sequence. Thus, CD1c represents the second member of the CD1 family to present lipopeptides. lipo-12 was efficiently recognized when presented by intact cells, and unlike DDM, it was inactivated by proteases and augmented by protease inhibitors. Although lysosomes often promote antigen presentation by CD1, rerouting CD1c to lysosomes by mutating CD1 tail sequences caused reduction in lipo-12 presentation. Thus, although certain antigens require antigen processing in lysosomes, others are destroyed there, providing a hypothesis for the evolutionary conservation of large CD1 families containing isoforms that survey early endosomal pathways.
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Lack of effect of tofacitinib (CP-690,550) on the pharmacokinetics of the CYP3A4 substrate midazolam in healthy volunteers: confirmation of in vitro data.
Br J Clin Pharmacol
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• Tofacitinib (CP-690,550) is a novel, oral Janus kinase inhibitor being investigated as a targeted immunomodulator and disease-modifying therapy in rheumatoid arthritis. • Non-renal elimination accounts for 70% of the total clearance of tofacitinib and the metabolism is primarily mediated by cytochrome P450 (CYP) 3A4. • This study was required to determine the effect of tofacitinib on the in vivo pharmacokinetics of a sensitive CYP3A4 substrate.
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What is Visualize?

JoVE Visualize is a tool created to match the last 5 years of PubMed publications to methods in JoVE's video library.

How does it work?

We use abstracts found on PubMed and match them to JoVE videos to create a list of 10 to 30 related methods videos.

Video X seems to be unrelated to Abstract Y...

In developing our video relationships, we compare around 5 million PubMed articles to our library of over 4,500 methods videos. In some cases the language used in the PubMed abstracts makes matching that content to a JoVE video difficult. In other cases, there happens not to be any content in our video library that is relevant to the topic of a given abstract. In these cases, our algorithms are trying their best to display videos with relevant content, which can sometimes result in matched videos with only a slight relation.