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Find video protocols related to scientific articles indexed in Pubmed.
Lower dose of antithymocyte globulin does not increase graft-versus-host disease in patients undergoing reduced-intensity conditioning allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplant.
Leuk. Lymphoma
PUBLISHED: 11-20-2014
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The appropriate dose of antithymocyte globulin (ATG) to be utilized in reduced-intensity conditioning (RIC) allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplant (alloHSCT) is as yet unknown. We retrospectively compared patients who received 7.5 mg/kg (R-ATG, 39 patients) and 6 mg/kg (r-ATG, 97 patients). The cumulative incidences of acute graft-versus-host disease (aGVHD) grade II-IV at 180 days were 46% and 41% and of aGVHD grade III-IV were 11% and 18% in r-ATG and R-ATG, respectively (p > 0.30). The respective estimated cumulative incidences at 24 months of cGVHD were 42% and 44% (p > 0.30). There was no significant difference in non-relapse mortality (p = 0.22), cumulative incidence of relapse (p = 0.53), progression-free survival (p = 0.69) or overall survival (p = 0.95). In conclusion, a decreased ATG dose of 6 mg/kg was associated with a similar proportion of GVHD to 7.5 mg/kg ATG. Given the increasing number of RIC HSCTs performed worldwide, the correct dose and preparation of ATG should be defined by prospective randomized trials.
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A phase 1 study of vorinostat maintenance after autologous transplant in high-risk lymphoma.
Leuk. Lymphoma
PUBLISHED: 09-13-2014
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Only a minority of patients with high risk lymphoma will be cured with autologous transplant, so maintenance with vorinostat, an oral agent with activity in relapsed lymphoma, was studied starting day + 60 for 21 consecutive days followed by a week off for up to 11 cycles. Twenty-three patients with lymphoma were treated. Ten patients completed the full 11-cycle treatment plan per protocol, four patients were removed due to progressive disease and seven withdrew or were removed from the study due to toxicities. Despite Prevnar vaccine administration every 2 months for three injections, the mean antibody concentration never reached protective levels (> 0.35 ?g/mL). Fatigue and functional well-being measured by Brief Fatigue Inventory and Functional Assessment of Cancer Therapy-General improved significantly from cycle 1 to cycle 7, but depression scores from the Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression scale did not change. Given the toxicities observed, this broad-spectrum deacetylase inhibitor at this schedule is not optimal for prolonged maintenance therapy.
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Aprepitant for the control of delayed nausea and vomiting associated with the use of high-dose melphalan for autologous peripheral blood stem cell transplants in patients with multiple myeloma: a phase II study.
Support Care Cancer
PUBLISHED: 01-28-2014
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The aim of this study is to evaluate the efficacy of aprepitant as part of the antiemetic regimen for high-dose melphalan conditioning in multiple myeloma patients.
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Flavopiridol can be safely administered using a pharmacologically derived schedule and demonstrates activity in relapsed and refractory non-Hodgkins lymphoma.
Am. J. Hematol.
PUBLISHED: 04-07-2013
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Flavopiridol is a broad cyclin-dependent kinase inhibitor (CDKI) that induces apoptosis of malignant lymphocytes in vitro and in murine lymphoma models. We conducted a Phase I dose-escalation study to determine the maximum tolerated dose (MTD) for single-agent flavopiridol administered on a pharmacokinetically derived hybrid dosing schedule to patients with relapsed and refractory non-Hodgkins lymphoma. Dose was escalated independently in one of four cohorts: indolent B-cell (Cohort 1), mantle cell (Cohort 2), intermediate-grade B-cell including transformed lymphoma (Cohort 3), and T-/NK-cell excluding primary cutaneous disease (Cohort 4). Forty-six patients were accrued. Grade 3 or 4 leukopenia was observed in the majority of patients (60%), but infection was infrequent. Common nonhematologic toxicities included diarrhea and fatigue. Biochemical tumor lysis was observed in only two patients, and no patients required hemodialysis for its management. Dose escalation was completed in two cohorts (indolent and aggressive B-cell). Dose-limiting toxicities were not observed, and the MTD was not reached in either cohort at the highest dose tested (50 mg/m(2) bolus?+?50 mg/m(2) continuous infusion weekly for 4 consecutive weeks of a 6-week cycle). Clinical benefit was observed in 26% of 43 patients evaluable for response, including 14% with partial responses (two mantle cells, three indolent B-cells, and one diffuse large B-cell). The single-agent activity of this first-generation CDKI suggests that other agents in this class merit further study in lymphoid malignancies, both alone and in combination. Am. J. Hematol., 2013. © 2013 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
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Early versus delayed autologous stem cell transplant in patients receiving novel therapies for multiple myeloma.
Leuk. Lymphoma
PUBLISHED: 04-06-2013
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Autologous stem cell transplant (ASCT) is an effective treatment for multiple myeloma (MM). However, the timing of ASCT in the era of novel agents (lenalidomide, thalidomide, bortezomib) is unknown. We retrospectively reviewed the outcome of patients with MM who received novel agent-based induction treatment and received first ASCT within 12 months of diagnosis (early ASCT, n = 102) or at a later date (late ASCT, n = 65). Median time to ASCT was 7.9 months vs. 17.7 months in early vs. late ASCT. The 3- and 5-year overall survival (OS) from diagnosis was 90 and 63% vs. 82 and 63% in early and late ASCT, respectively (p = 0.45). Forty-one and 36 patients in the early and late ASCT groups have relapsed or progressed, with median time to relapse of 28 and 23 months (p = 0.055). On multivariable analysis, factors predictive of increased risk for progression were International Scoring System (ISS) stage III (p = 0.007), and less than a very good partial response (< VGPR) post-ASCT (p < 0.001). A factor predictive of worst outcome for OS was being on hemodialysis (p = 0.037). No superiority of one agent was seen. In summary, early or late ASCT is a viable option for patients with MM receiving induction treatment with novel targeted therapies.
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Higher busulfan dose intensity does not improve outcomes of patients undergoing allogeneic haematopoietic cell transplantation following fludarabine, busulfan-based reduced toxicity conditioning.
Hematol Oncol
PUBLISHED: 01-24-2011
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We evaluated the impact of busulfan dose intensity in patients undergoing reduced toxicity/intensity conditioning allogeneic transplantation in a multicenter retrospective study of 112 consecutive patients. Seventy-five patients were conditioned with busulfan (0.8?mg/kg/dose IV?×?8 doses), fludarabine (30?mg/m(2) /day, days -7 to -3), and 6?mg/kg of ATG [reduced intensity conditioning (RIC) group], while 37 patients received a more-intense conditioning with busulfan (130?mg/m(2) /day IV, days -6 to -3), fludarabine (40?mg/m(2) /day, days -6 to -3) and 6?mg/kg of ATG [reduced toxicity conditioning (RTC) group]. At baseline both groups were matched for median age, unrelated donor allografts, and human leukocyte antigen-mismatched allografts. More patients in RIC group had high-risk disease, and higher median comorbidity index. There were no graft rejections. Median time to neutrophil (17 days vs. 15 days; p?=?0.003) and platelet engraftment (16 days vs. 11 days; p?
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Incidence and reasons for late failure after allogeneic haematopoietic cell transplantation following BuCy2 in acute myeloid leukaemia.
Br. J. Haematol.
PUBLISHED: 10-11-2009
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The long-term follow-up is presented for 317 patients with acute myeloid leukaemia who underwent human leucocyte antigen-identical sibling marrow transplants between 1984 and 1995 following preparation with busulfan 16 mg/kg and cyclophosphamide 120 mg/kg. Among the 142 (45%) who were alive and leukaemia-free 3 years following transplantation, the leukaemia-free survival at 15 years was 72.8%. The cumulative incidence of late (>3 years beyond transplant) non-relapse mortality at 15 years was 12.9% and of late relapse was 16.5%. None of the variables considered (including age, disease stage, and graft-versus-host disease) were predictive of late failure.
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Improved nonrelapse mortality and infection rate with lower dose of antithymocyte globulin in patients undergoing reduced-intensity conditioning allogeneic transplantation for hematologic malignancies.
Biol. Blood Marrow Transplant.
PUBLISHED: 06-13-2009
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We sought to reduce the risk of infectious complications and nonrelapse mortality (NRM) associated with the use of antithymocyte globulin (ATG) without compromising control of acute graft-versus-host disease (aGVHD) in patients undergoing reduced-intensity conditioning (RIC) transplantation. As part of an ongoing quality improvement effort, we lowered the dose of rabbit ATG from 7.5 mg/kg of ATG (R-ATG) (n = 39) to 6.0 mg/kg of ATG (r-ATG) (n = 33) in association with fludarabine (Flu) and busulfan (BU) RIC transplantation and then monitored patients for adverse events, relapse, and survival. Of the 72 mostly high risk (82%) patients studied, 89% received unrelated donor allografts, 25% of which were HLA-mismatched. No differences in posttransplantation full donor-cell chimerism rates were observed between the 2 ATG-dose groups (P > .05). When R-ATG versus r-ATG patients were compared, we observed no significant difference in the cumulative incidence of grade II-IV aGVHD (32% versus 27%; P = .73) or grade III-IV aGVHD (23% versus 11%; P = .28). However, the r-ATG group had significantly less cytomegalovirus (CMV) reactivation (64% versus 30%; P = .005) and bacterial infections (56% versus 18%; P = .001), a better 1-year cumulative incidence of NRM (18% versus 3%; P = .03), and a trend for better 1-year overall survival (OS) (64% versus 84%; P = .07) compared to R-ATG patients. A seemingly modest reduction in the dose of rabbit ATG did not compromise control of aGVHD or achievement of donor chimerism, but led to a significant decrease in the risk of serious infections and NRM in high-risk RIC allograft recipients.
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JoVE Visualize is a tool created to match the last 5 years of PubMed publications to methods in JoVE's video library.

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We use abstracts found on PubMed and match them to JoVE videos to create a list of 10 to 30 related methods videos.

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In developing our video relationships, we compare around 5 million PubMed articles to our library of over 4,500 methods videos. In some cases the language used in the PubMed abstracts makes matching that content to a JoVE video difficult. In other cases, there happens not to be any content in our video library that is relevant to the topic of a given abstract. In these cases, our algorithms are trying their best to display videos with relevant content, which can sometimes result in matched videos with only a slight relation.