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Find video protocols related to scientific articles indexed in Pubmed.
The price of decreased mortality in the operative management of diverticulitis.
Surg Endosc
PUBLISHED: 08-27-2014
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Healthcare costs in the United States are increasing. It is thought that as cost increases, outcomes should improve. The aim of this study was to analyze patient charges and mortality in the operative management of diverticulitis over time.
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Laparoscopic cholecystectomy using a novel single-incision surgical platform through a standard 15mm trocar: initial experience and technical details.
Surg Endosc
PUBLISHED: 08-23-2014
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Single-incision minimally invasive surgery has previously been associated with incisions 2.0-3.0 cm in length. We present a novel single-incision surgical platform compatible for insertion through a standard 15-mm trocar. The objective of this study is to evaluate the safety and feasibility of the platform.
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Endoscopic anterior fundoplication with the Medigus Ultrasonic Surgical Endostapler (MUSE™) for gastroesophageal reflux disease: 6-month results from a multi-center prospective trial.
Surg Endosc
PUBLISHED: 08-19-2014
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Both long-term proton pump inhibitor (PPI) use and surgical fundoplication have potential drawbacks as treatments for chronic gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD). This multi-center, prospective study evaluated the clinical experiences of 69 patients who received an alternative treatment: endoscopic anterior fundoplication with a video- and ultrasound-guided transoral surgical stapler.
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Magnetic lower esophageal sphincter augmentation device removal.
Surg Endosc
PUBLISHED: 08-14-2014
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Implantation of a magnetic lower esophageal sphincter augmentation device is now an alternative to fundoplication in the surgical management of gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD). Although successful management of GERD has been reported following placement of the device, there are instances when device removal is needed. The details of the technique for laparoscopic magnetic lower esophageal sphincter device removal are presented to assist surgeons should device removal become necessary.
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Foramen of Winslow hernia: a minimally invasive approach.
Surg Endosc
PUBLISHED: 07-11-2014
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Hernias through the foramen of Winslow comprise 8 % of all internal hernias and the majority contain incarcerated bowel. Clinical signs are often non-specific and delay in diagnosis associated with a mortality rate that approaches 50 %. Management is urgent surgical reduction with bowel decompression and resection of devitalized bowel. A foramen of Winslow hernia (FWH) has traditionally been managed via an exploratory laparotomy incision and the vast majority of cases describe an open approach. We describe a minimally invasive approach to the management of an incarcerated FWH requiring decompression and bowel resection.
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Single-Incision Laparoscopic Surgery Through an Ostomy Site: A Natural Approach By An Unnatural Orifice.
Surg Laparosc Endosc Percutan Tech
PUBLISHED: 04-19-2014
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Single-incision laparoscopic surgery (SILS) is gaining popularity for a wide variety of surgical operations and capitalizes on the benefits of traditional laparoscopic surgery without incurring multiple incision sites. Traditionally, SILS is performed by a midline periumbilical approach. However, such a minimally invasive approach may be utilized in patients who already have an abdominal incision. Our series retrospectively reviews 7 cases in which we utilized the fascial defect at the time of after ostomy reversal as our SILS incision site. In turn, we performed a variety of concurrent intra-abdominal procedures with excellent technical success and outcomes. Our study is the largest single-institution case series of this novel approach and suggests that utilizing an existing ostomy-site abdominal incision is a safe and effective location for SILS port placement and should be considered in patients undergoing concurrent procedures.
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Laparo-endoscopic transgastric resection of gastric submucosal tumors.
Surg Endosc
PUBLISHED: 03-03-2014
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Laparoscopic and endoluminal surgical techniques have evolved and allowed improvements in the methods for treating benign and malignant gastrointestinal diseases. To date, only case reports have been reported on the application of a laparo-endoscopic approach for resecting gastric submucosal tumors (SMT). In this study, we aimed to evaluate the efficacy, safety, and oncologic outcomes of a laparo-endoscopic transgastric approach to resect tumors that would traditionally require either a laparoscopic or open surgical approach. Herein, we present the largest single institution series utilizing this technique for the resection of gastric SMT in North America.
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Reoperation rates after laparoscopic fundoplication.
Surg Endosc
PUBLISHED: 02-06-2014
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Current literature on redo antireflux surgery has limitations due to small sample size or single center experiences. This study aims to evaluate the reoperation rate of laparoscopic fundoplication in a large population database.
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Outcomes of robotic-assisted transhiatal esophagectomy for esophageal cancer after neoadjuvant chemoradiation.
J Laparoendosc Adv Surg Tech A
PUBLISHED: 01-08-2014
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We previously reported our experience performing robotic-assisted transhiatal esophagectomy (RATE) in patients with early-stage esophageal cancer who had had no preoperative treatment. The purpose of this report was to determine if RATE could be performed safely with good outcomes for esophageal cancer in a more recent series of patients, the majority of whom were treated with neoadjuvant chemoradiation.
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Transanal minimally invasive surgery for benign and malignant rectal neoplasia.
Am. J. Surg.
PUBLISHED: 01-05-2014
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Transanal minimally invasive surgery (TAMIS), an alternative technique to transanal endoscopic microsurgery, was developed in 2009. Herein, we describe our initial experience using TAMIS for benign and malignant rectal neoplasia.
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Transvaginal organ extraction: potential for broad clinical application.
Surg Endosc
PUBLISHED: 04-21-2013
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Natural orifice transluminal endoscopic surgery procedures have evolved over the past few years. A transvaginal approach is a promising alternative for intraperitoneal procedures. Our objective was to evaluate the safety and feasibility of transvaginal organ extraction.
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Screening pre-bariatric surgery patients for esophageal disease with esophageal capsule endoscopy.
World J. Gastroenterol.
PUBLISHED: 04-08-2013
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To determine if esophageal capsule endoscopy (ECE) is an adequate diagnostic alternative to esophagogastroduodenoscopy (EGD) in pre-bariatric surgery patients.
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Transesophageal endoscopic myotomy (TEEM) for the treatment of achalasia: the United States human experience.
Surg Endosc
PUBLISHED: 03-23-2013
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From our early experience with NOTES, our group has acquired familiarity with transesophageal submucosal dissection and myotomy in swine model, which allowed us to perfect a model to perform purely endoscopic transesophageal myotomy (TEEM) for the treatment of achalasia and apply it into clinical practice. This study was designed to assess the safety, feasibility, and efficacy of TEEM in a series of patients with achalasia.
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Broad clinical utilization of NOTES: is it safe?
Surg Endosc
PUBLISHED: 03-12-2013
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Natural orifice transluminal endoscopic surgery (NOTES) has been the focus of several studies as a less invasive alternative to conventional laparoscopy to access and treat intracavitary organs. For the last 5 years, much has been accomplished with animal studies, yet the clinical utilization of this novel technique is still modest. After 2 years of experience in the laboratory, we started our clinical experience. We report our experience with clinical utilization of NOTES procedures from 2007 to 2010.
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Esophageal sphincter device for gastroesophageal reflux disease.
N. Engl. J. Med.
PUBLISHED: 02-22-2013
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Patients with gastroesophageal reflux disease who have a partial response to proton-pump inhibitors often seek alternative therapy. We evaluated the safety and effectiveness of a new magnetic device to augment the lower esophageal sphincter.
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Comparison of transrectal and transvaginal hybrid natural orifice transluminal endoscopic surgery partial nephrectomy in the porcine model.
Urology
PUBLISHED: 02-13-2013
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To compare the feasibility of porcine transrectal (TR) and transvaginal (TV) hybrid natural orifice transluminal endoscopic surgery (NOTES) partial nephrectomy (PN), as NOTES nephrectomy has recently been performed in the porcine model.
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TAMIS-assisted laparoscopic low anterior resection with total mesorectal excision in a cadaveric series.
Surg Endosc
PUBLISHED: 02-11-2013
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To demonstrate the feasibility of an innovative technique for the surgical management of rectal cancer, we performed transanal minimally invasive surgery assisted low anterior resection with total mesorectal excision (TAMIS-assisted LAR with TME) in a cadaver model. Transanal LAR via natural orifice transluminal endoscopic surgery has been reported in cadaveric series using rigid transanal platforms. This procedure has not been described using a combination of a single incision laparoscopy and TAMIS transanal endoscopic platform. We describe the first cadaveric series of TAMIS-assisted LAR with TME.
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Robotic-assisted laparoscopic stage II restorative proctectomy for toxic ulcerative colitis.
Int J Med Robot
PUBLISHED: 09-16-2011
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There is a paucity of literature reporting minimally invasive proctectomy for ulcerative colitis (UC). We report a novel application of a robotic system to perform restorative proctectomy in patients with toxic UC.
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[Surgery without incisions--the third generation of surgery].
Harefuah
PUBLISHED: 04-01-2011
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In the past, abdominal surgery mandated a large abdominal wall incision. The minimal invasive surgery techniques including Laparoscopy, created an option for performing intraabdominal surgery through small incisions. In this article, the authors present new surgical techniques: the natural orifice trans-luminal endoscopic surgery (NOTES], and the singLe incision laparoscopic surgery (SILS). It seems that these evolving techniques are the third generation of surgery.
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Human experience with an endoluminal, endoscopic, gastrojejunal bypass sleeve.
Surg Endosc
PUBLISHED: 03-11-2011
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This report describes the authors experience with a unique endoluminal, endoscopically delivered and retrieved gastroduodenojejunal bypass sleeve, including short-term weight loss and changes in comorbidities.
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Transrectal hybrid natural orifice transluminal endoscopic surgery (NOTES) nephrectomy in a porcine model.
Urology
PUBLISHED: 03-08-2011
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To examine feasibility of transrectal hybrid natural orifice translumenal endoscopic surgery (NOTES) nephrectomy in the porcine model. NOTES uses ports of entry to the peritoneal cavity instead of abdominal wall incisions, thereby eliminating visible scar and also potentially reducing postoperative pain.
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A laboratory training and evaluation technique for robot assisted ex vivo kidney transplantation.
Int J Med Robot
PUBLISHED: 01-23-2011
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The technique of kidney transplantation has been well established. The operation is typically performed through a lower quadrant muscle cutting incision. With advances in robotic technology, many procedures are now being performed using the robot. This article describes a simple model of ex-vivo kidney transplantation using the robotic technique. This is a good training model and could be applied in select group of patients in the clinical setting.
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Estimation of hepatic proton-density fat fraction by using MR imaging at 3.0 T.
Radiology
PUBLISHED: 01-06-2011
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To compare the accuracy of several magnetic resonance (MR) imaging-based methods for hepatic proton-density fat fraction (FF) estimation at 3.0 T, with spectroscopy as the reference technique.
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Stoma size critical to 12-month outcomes in endoscopic suturing for gastric bypass repair.
Surg Obes Relat Dis
PUBLISHED: 01-05-2011
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Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) is the most frequently performed bariatric procedure. However, weight regain after RYGB is common and often associated with pouch and stoma dilation. Historically, revision surgery has a greater risk of morbidity and mortality than the primary procedure. Endoscopic repair appears to be a safer option; however, current knowledge is limited regarding the longer term outcomes. Our objective was to prospectively collect the 12-month post-RYGB outcomes data after repair of dilated gastric tissue with an incisionless tissue approximation system in an open-label, single-group study at 9 U.S. sites.
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Robotic single-incision transabdominal and transvaginal surgery: initial experience with intersecting robotic arms.
Int J Med Robot
PUBLISHED: 09-03-2010
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Single-incision laparoscopic and natural orifice translumenal endoscopic surgery (NOTES) are technically challenging methods. Robotics might have the potential to overcome such hurdles with computer technology.
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Fluidic lens laparoscopic zoom camera for minimally invasive surgery.
J Biomed Opt
PUBLISHED: 07-10-2010
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This work reports a miniaturized laparoscopic zoom camera that can significantly improve vision for minimally invasive surgery (MIS), also known as laparoscopic surgery. The laparoscopic zoom camera contains bioinspired fluidic lenses that can change curvature and focal length in a manner similar to the crystalline lenses in human eyes. The traditional laparoscope is long, rigid, and made of fixed glass lenses with a fixed field of view. The constricted vision of a laparoscope is often an inconvenience and plays a role in many surgical injuries. To further advance MIS technology, we developed a new type of laparoscopic camera that has a total length of less than 17 mm, greater than 4x optical zoom, and 100 times higher sensitivity than todays laparoscope allowing it to work under illumination as low as 300 lux. All these unique features are enabled by the technology of bioinspired fluidic lenses having a dynamic range over 100 diopters and being convertible between a convex and concave shape.
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Morbid obesity with achalasia: a surgical challenge.
Obes Surg
PUBLISHED: 04-08-2010
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Achalasia is a relatively rare medical condition that is classically not associated with obesity. The surgical treatment of a simultaneous occurrence of these two diseases requires careful consideration, and only a few reports can be found in the literature combining a Heller myotomy with gastric bypass, duodenal switch, or gastric banding. We report the case of a 69-year-old female patient with early achalasia and obesity who underwent simultaneous laparoscopic gastric sleeve resection and robotic Heller myotomy. No intra- or postoperative complications occurred. A follow-up at 6 weeks showed a significant weight loss and resolved symptoms of achalasia. The case illustrates that a simultaneous gastric sleeve resection and robotic Heller myotomy might be an option for the treatment of concurrent obesity and achalasia.
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Video. Magnetic retraction for NOTES transvaginal cholecystectomy.
Surg Endosc
PUBLISHED: 02-23-2010
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Natural orifice translumenal endoscopic surgery (NOTES) has the potential to decrease the burden of an operation on a patient. Limitations of the endoscopic platform require innovative solutions to provide retraction and create an operation comparable with the gold standard, laparoscopic cholecystectomy.
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Incisionless revision of post-Roux-en-Y bypass stomal and pouch dilation: multicenter registry results.
Surg Obes Relat Dis
PUBLISHED: 02-13-2010
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Surgical revision for weight regain after Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) has been tempered by the high complication rates associated with standard approaches. Endoluminal revision of stoma and pouch dilation should intuitively confer a better risk profile. However, questions of clinical safety, durability, and weight loss need to be answered. We report our multicenter intraoperative experience and postoperative follow-up to date using the Incisionless Operating Platform for this patient subset.
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Clinical experience with a multifunctional, flexible surgery system for endolumenal, single-port, and NOTES procedures.
Surg Endosc
PUBLISHED: 01-20-2010
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Single-port and incisionless surgical approaches hold the promise of fewer complications, reduced pain, faster recovery, and improved cosmesis compared with traditional open or laparoscopic approaches. The ability to select an access approach (i.e., endolumenal, single-port, transvaginal, or transgastric) with one platform may be important to optimization of individual patient results. The authors report their results using these four separate surgical approaches tailored to three different therapeutic procedures, all with the use of a single flexible platform, the Incisionless Operating Platform (IOP).
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Fluorescence laparoscopy imaging of pancreatic tumor progression in an orthotopic mouse model.
Surg Endosc
PUBLISHED: 01-10-2010
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The use of fluorescent proteins to label tumors is revolutionizing cancer research, enabling imaging of both primary and metastatic lesions, which is important for diagnosis, staging, and therapy. This report describes the use of fluorescence laparoscopy to image green fluorescent protein (GFP)-expressing tumors in an orthotopic mouse model of human pancreatic cancer.
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Womens positive perception of transvaginal NOTES surgery.
Surg Endosc
PUBLISHED: 10-07-2009
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Two decades ago, minimally invasive surgery (MIS) was introduced and led to a revolution in modern surgery. Currently MIS procedures are the standard of care for many surgical interventions and patients often seek out surgeons with special training in MIS. Today, natural orifice transluminal endoscopic surgery (NOTES) appears to be on the threshold of another such revolution. We surmise that its advantages are similar to those of other MIS procedures, but there are no associated abdominal wall complications as there are no abdominal incisions. To date, there is no data evaluating womens perceptions of such a procedure and their willingness to consent to this type of surgical approach.
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Transrectal endoscopic retrorectal access (TERA): a novel NOTES approach to the peritoneal cavity.
J Laparoendosc Adv Surg Tech A
PUBLISHED: 09-01-2009
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As the field of natural orifice translumenal endoscopic surgery (NOTES) expands, new access sites are being investigated. One access site to the peritoneal cavity, which has not been the subject of much investigation, is transrectal access. The aim of this article is to describe a new method to peritoneal access: transrectal endoscopic retrorectal access (TERA).
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Providing more through less: current methods of retraction in SIMIS and NOTES cholecystectomy.
Surg Endosc
PUBLISHED: 07-03-2009
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As the field of minimally invasive surgery continues to develop, surgeons are confronted with the challenge of performing conventional laparoscopic surgeries through fewer incisions while maintaining the same degree of safety and surgical efficiency. Most of these methods involve elimination of the ports previously designated for retraction. As a result, minimally invasive surgeons have been forced to develop minimally invasive and ingenious methods for providing adequate retraction for these procedures. Herein we present our experience using endoloops and internal retractors to provide retraction during Single Incision Minimally Invasive Surgery (SIMIS) and Natural Orifice Transluminal Endoscopic Surgery (NOTES) cholecystectomy. We also present a review of the alternative retraction methods currently being employed for these surgeries.
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The inflammatory response in transgastric surgery: gastric content leak leads to localized inflammatory response and higher adhesive disease.
Surg Endosc
PUBLISHED: 06-20-2009
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Risk of gastric spillage during transgastric surgery is a potential complication of NOTES procedures. The aim of this study was to determine risk outcomes from gastric spillage in a rat survival model by measuring local and systemic inflammatory markers, adhesive disease, and morbidity.
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Supra-pubic single incision cholecystectomy.
J. Gastrointest. Surg.
PUBLISHED: 06-08-2009
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Surgery is moving towards less invasive and cosmetically superior approaches such as single incision laparoscopy (SIL). While trans-umbilical SIL is gaining popularity, incisions may lead to post-operative deformations of the umbilicus and the possibility of an increased rate of incisional hernias. Access within the pubic hairline allows preservation of the umbilicus and results in a scar which is concealed within the pubic hair.
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The impact of proton-pump inhibitors on intraperitoneal sepsis: a word of caution for transgastric NOTES procedures.
Surg Endosc
PUBLISHED: 05-01-2009
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During transgastric natural orifice transluminal endoscopic surgery (NOTES), there is an iatrogenic perforation of the gastric wall with leakage of gastric contents into the peritoneal cavity. The aim of this study is to determine the effect of proton-pump inhibitors (PPI) and alterations of gastric pH on infection during transgastric surgery.
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Video. NOTES: transvaginal cholecystectomy with assisting articulating instruments.
Surg Endosc
PUBLISHED: 03-13-2009
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Transvaginal cholecystectomy has been performed at several institutions using hybrid natural orifice translumenal endoscopic surgery (NOTES) techniques.
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Natural orifice surgery: initial clinical experience.
Surg Endosc
PUBLISHED: 02-11-2009
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Natural orifice translumenal endoscopic surgery (NOTES) has moved quickly from preclinical investigation to clinical implementation. However, several major technical problems limit clinical NOTES including safe access, retraction and dissection of the gallbladder, and clipping of key structures. This study aimed to identify challenges and develop solutions for NOTES during the initial clinical experience.
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Initial experience with an innovative endoscopic clipping system.
Surg Technol Int
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There are few options for the treatment of fistulas, leaks, and perforations endoscopically. Here we describe our experience with an endoscopic clipping system. A retrospective review of all cases using the Over-The-Scope-Clip system (Ovesco Endoscopy AG, Tuebingen, Germany) was performed. The system was utilized in ten patients with gastrointestinal surgical complications. Four patients had gastric leaks following sleeve gastrectomy, one had a post-operative colonic leak, two had gastro-gastric fistulas following gastric bypass, and three had esophageal perforations. Two leak patients had complete resolution, one had a contained leak following clip placement that was clinically insignificant, and the fourth patient had a persistent leak despite two clipping procedures. Two patients had gastro-gastric fistulas following roux-en-y gastric bypass surgery and, while they both had initial success, the fistulas recurred. One patient presented with anastomotic leak following colon resection but the system was unable to reach the treatment site. Three patients were successfully treated for esophageal perforation. There were no complications. This over-the-scope endoscopic clip system is simple to use, safe, and successful in approximating tissue to treat traditionally difficult surgical complications. Further experience and longer follow-up are needed to assess its indications as related to defect size and location.
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eTAMIS: endoscopic visualization for transanal minimally invasive surgery.
Surg Endosc
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Transanal endoscopic microsurgical (TEM) resection is associated with improved outcomes compared to transanal excision of rectal lesions. However, TEM equipment requires additional operative setup time, and tumor location dictates patient positioning. In 2010, Drs. Attallah, Albert, and Larach developed an alternative technique, transanal minimally invasive surgery (TAMIS). Herein, we describe our novel experience using endoscopic visualization to perform TAMIS (eTAMIS) to remove a large rectal polyp.
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The effect of restrictive bariatric surgery on urolithiasis.
J. Endourol.
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Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) surgery, a mixed malabsorptive/restrictive procedure, is associated with enteric hyperoxaluria and an increased risk of kidney stones. The incidence of nephrolithiasis after purely restrictive bariatric procedures such as adjustable gastric banding or sleeve gastrectomy has not been well described. We aim to analyze the incidence of kidney stones in patients who undergo either adjustable gastric banding or sleeve gastrectomy.
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Consensus statement of the consortium for LESS cholecystectomy.
Surg Endosc
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Many surgeons attempting Laparo-Endoscopic Single Site (LESS) cholecystectomy have found the operation difficult, which is inconsistent with our experience. This article is an attempt to promote a standardized approach that we feel surgeons with laparoscopic skills can perform safely and efficiently. This is a four-trocar approach consistent with the four incisions utilized in conventional laparoscopic cholecystectomy. After administration of general anesthesia, marcaine is injected at the umbilicus and a 12-mm vertical incision is made through the already existing anatomical scar of the umbilicus. A single four-trocar port is inserted. A 5-mm deflectable-tip laparoscope is placed through the trocar at the 8 oclock position, a bariatric length rigid grasper is inserted through the trocar at the 4 oclock position (to grasp the fundus), and a rigid bent grasper is placed through the 10-mm port (to grasp the infundibulum). This arrangement of the instruments promotes minimal internal and external instrument clashing with simultaneous optimization of the operative view. This orientation allows retraction of the gallbladder in a cephalad and lateral direction, development of a window between the gallbladder and the liver which promotes the "critical view" of the cystic duct and artery, and provides triangulation with excellent visualization of the operative field. The operation is concluded with diaphragmatic irrigation of marcaine solution to minimize postoperative pain. Standardization of LESS cholecystectomy will speed adoption, reduce intraoperative complications, and improve the efficiency and safety of the approach.
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Feasibility of transrectal hybrid natural orifice transluminal endoscopic surgery (NOTES) nephrectomy in the cadaveric model.
Urology
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To examine feasibility of transrectal hybrid natural orifice transluminal endoscopic surgery (NOTES) nephrectomy in human cadavers in the evolution of this technique, as transrectal hybrid NOTES nephrectomy has been demonstrated in the porcine model.
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Transgastric large-organ extraction: the initial human experience.
Surg Endosc
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In laparoscopy, it often is the case that port sites are enlarged for specimen extraction. This leads to higher risk of trocar site complications, such as infection or incisional hernia. Natural orifice surgery (NOTES) is beneficial for minimizing these complications, and this is emphasized when the extracted specimen is of large volume. We have been using transgastric technique for appendectomy, cholecystectomy, and laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (LSG). Of these transgastric operations, we focus on the one with relatively large-organ extraction: LSG with transoral remnant extraction (TORE). We describe the details and feasibility of this procedure and compare the outcomes to conventional LSG.
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NOTES transvaginal hybrid cholecystectomy: the United States human experience.
Surg Endosc
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"Pure" NOTES and "hybrid" NOTES procedures have gained popularity during the past few years. However, most of these published series have been documented outside the United States.
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Technical aspects of robotic proctectomy.
Surg Laparosc Endosc Percutan Tech
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Robotic proctectomy is at the forefront of surgical innovation, and interest in this technique is rapidly increasing. The advantages of robotic techniques, such as enhanced visualization and improved dexterity along with tireless retraction and the addition of a "fourth arm" are reported to confer an advantage in the pelvis. It is unknown what long-term outcomes may emerge from ongoing clinical trials; however, early studies suggest improved perioperative and oncologic outcomes. Proponents of robotics suggest that robot-assisted procedures are associated with decreased complication rates and fewer conversions to open. This article reviews the pertinent literature on robotic total mesorectal excision and the early reported outcomes. The 3-arm, 4-arm laparoscopic-assisted, and the 4-arm totally robotic techniques for performing robotic proctectomy are described in detail, including port placement and patient position as well as robot docking.
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Impact of surgically induced weight loss on pelvic floor disorders.
Int Urogynecol J
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Given the increased prevalence of obesity and pelvic floor disorders (PFDs), we estimated changes in prevalence, bother, and quality of life (QOL) for PFDs in obese women undergoing bariatric surgery. We hypothesized PFDs would improve after surgical weight loss.
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What is Visualize?

JoVE Visualize is a tool created to match the last 5 years of PubMed publications to methods in JoVE's video library.

How does it work?

We use abstracts found on PubMed and match them to JoVE videos to create a list of 10 to 30 related methods videos.

Video X seems to be unrelated to Abstract Y...

In developing our video relationships, we compare around 5 million PubMed articles to our library of over 4,500 methods videos. In some cases the language used in the PubMed abstracts makes matching that content to a JoVE video difficult. In other cases, there happens not to be any content in our video library that is relevant to the topic of a given abstract. In these cases, our algorithms are trying their best to display videos with relevant content, which can sometimes result in matched videos with only a slight relation.