The intention to execute a movement can modulate our perception of sensory events; however, theoretical accounts of these effects, and also empirical data, are often contradictory. We investigated how perception of a somatosensory stimulus differed according to whether it was delivered to a limb being prepared for movement or to a nonmoving limb. Our results demonstrate that individuals perceive a somatosensory stimulus delivered to the "moving" limb as occurring significantly later than when an identical stimulus is delivered to a "nonmoving" limb. Furthermore, human brain imaging (fMRI) analyses demonstrate that this modulation is accompanied by a significant decrease in BOLD signal in the right parietal operculum (SII) for stimuli delivered to the moving limb. These results indicate that during movement preparation a network of premotor brain areas may facilitate movement execution by attenuating the processing of behaviorally irrelevant signals within higher-order secondary somatosensory (SII) areas.
Basic aspects of magnitude (such as luminance contrast) are directly represented by sensory representations in early visual areas. However, it is unclear how symbolic magnitudes (such as Arabic numerals) are represented in the brain. Here we show that symbolic magnitude affects binocular rivalry: perceptual dominance of numbers and objects of known size increases with their magnitude. Importantly, variations in symbolic magnitude acted like variations in luminance contrast: we found that an increase in numerical magnitude of adding one lead to an equivalent increase in perceptual dominance as a contrast increment of 0.32%. Our results support the claim that magnitude is extracted automatically, since the increase in perceptual dominance came about in the absence of a magnitude-related task. Our findings show that symbolic, acculturated knowledge about magnitude interacts with visual perception and affects perception in a manner similar to lower-level aspects of magnitude such as luminance contrast.
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JoVE Visualize is a tool created to match the last 5 years of PubMed publications to methods in JoVE's video library.
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We use abstracts found on PubMed and match them to JoVE videos to create a list of 10 to 30 related methods videos.
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In developing our video relationships, we compare around 5 million PubMed articles to our library of over 4,500 methods videos. In some cases the language used in the PubMed abstracts makes matching that content to a JoVE video difficult. In other cases, there happens not to be any content in our video library that is relevant to the topic of a given abstract. In these cases, our algorithms are trying their best to display videos with relevant content, which can sometimes result in matched videos with only a slight relation.