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Find video protocols related to scientific articles indexed in Pubmed.
Comparison of Q3s ATD Biomechanical Responses to Pediatric Volunteers.
Traffic Inj Prev
PUBLISHED: 10-14-2014
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The biofidelity of pediatric anthropomorphic test devices (ATDs) continues to be evaluated with scaled-down adult data, a methodology that requires inaccurate assumptions about the likeness of biomechanical properties of children and adults. Recently, evaluation of pediatric ATDs by comparison of pediatric volunteer (PV) data has emerged as a valuable and practical alternative to the use of scaled adult data. This study utilized existing PV data to evaluate a 3-year-old side impact ATD, the Q3s. Though ATDs have been compared to volunteer responses in frontal impacts, this study is the first to extend ATD-PV comparison methods to the Q3s ATD and among the first to extend these methods to side impacts.
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Validation of a helmet-based system to measure head impact biomechanics in ice hockey.
Med Sci Sports Exerc
PUBLISHED: 09-10-2014
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This study aimed to quantify differences between head acceleration measured by a helmet-based accelerometer system for ice hockey and an anthropometric test device (ATD) to validate the system's use in measuring on-ice head impacts.
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The effect of age on the structural properties of human ribs.
J Mech Behav Biomed Mater
PUBLISHED: 05-01-2014
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Traumatic injury from motor vehicle crashes is a major cause of morbidity and mortality in the United States. The thorax is particularly at risk in motor vehicle crashes and is studied extensively by the injury biomechanics community. Unfortunately, most samples used in such research generally do not include children or the very elderly, despite the common occurrence of thorax injuries at both ends of the age spectrum. Rib fractures in particular, are one of the most common injuries, especially in the elderly, and can greatly affect morbidity, mortality, and quality of life. As the proportion of older adults in the population increases, such age-related fragility fractures will continually grow as a worldwide problem. Additionally, the risk of rib fracture significantly increases with age with confounding deleterious effects. Studies on elderly ribs are not uncommon, however very few studies exist which explore the mechanical properties and behavior of immature human bone, especially of ribs. Previous research identifying rib properties has provided useful information for numerous applications. However, no study has included a comprehensive sample of all ages (pediatric through elderly) in which ribs are tested in the same repeatable set-up. The goal of this study is to characterize differences in rib structural response across the age spectrum. One-hundred forty excised ribs from 70 individuals were experimentally tested in a custom-built pendulum fixture simulating a dynamic frontal impact. The sample includes individuals of ages ranging from six to 99 years old and includes 58 males and 12 females. Reported data include fracture location, displacement in the X and Y directions at fracture (?X, ?Y), force at fracture (FX), and linear structural stiffness (K). ?X and K exhibit a statistically significant linear decrease with age (p<0.0001). FX reveals a trend in which a peak is reached in the young adult years (25-40). Detailed mechanical property data, as provided here, will prove useful for application in computational modeling efforts, which are vital to help prevent injury and to understand injury mechanisms from childhood through old age.
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Patterns of Neutropenia and Risk Factors for Febrile Neutropenia of Diffuse Large B-Cell Lymphoma Patients Treated with Rituximab-CHOP.
J. Korean Med. Sci.
PUBLISHED: 04-23-2014
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Febrile neutropenia (FN) is the major toxicity of rituximab plus cyclophosphamide, doxorubicin, vincristine, and prednisone (R-CHOP) regimen in the treatment of diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL). The prediction of neutropenia and FN is mandatory to continue the planned R-CHOP therapy resulting in successful anti-cancer treatment. The clinical features and patterns of neutropenia and FN from 181 DLBCL patients treated with R-CHOP were analyzed retrospectively. Sixty percent (60.2%) of patients experienced at least one episode of grade 4 neutropenia. Among them, 42.2% of episodes progressed to FN. Forty-eight percent (48.8%) of patients with FN was experienced their first FN during the first cycle of R-CHOP. All those patients never experienced FN again during the rest cycles of R-CHOP. Female, higher stage, international prognostic index (IPI), age ?65 yr, comorbidities, bone marrow involvement, and baseline serum albumin ?3.5 mg/dL were significant risk factors for FN by univariate analysis. Among these variables, comorbidities (P=0.009), bone marrow involvement (P=0.006), and female gender (P=0.024) were independent risk factors for FN based on multivariate analysis. On observing the patterns of neutropenia and FN, primary prophylaxis of granulocyte colony-stimulating factor (G-CSF) and antibiotics should be considered particularly in female patients, patients with comorbidities, or when there is bone marrow involvement of disease.
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Combination of docetaxel and TSU-68, an oral antiangiogenic agent, in patients with metastatic breast cancer previously treated with anthracycline: randomized phase II multicenter trial.
Invest New Drugs
PUBLISHED: 01-20-2014
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The novel oral antiangiogenic agent TSU-68 was investigated in patients with metastatic breast cancer. Patients with anthracycline-pretreated metastatic breast cancer were randomly assigned to receive either TSU-68 400 mg twice daily on days 1-21 plus docetaxel 60 mg/m(2) on day 1 every 3 weeks, or docetaxel 60 mg/m(2) on day 1 every 3 weeks. The primary endpoint was progression-free survival. Between November 2006 and December 2007, 81 patients were included in this study (41 for TSU-68 plus docetaxel and 40 for docetaxel alone). Median progression-free survival was 6.8 months (95 % confidence interval [CI]?=?5.4-12.5 months) in the TSU-68 plus docetaxel group and 8.1 months (95 % CI?=?4.0-13.7 months) in the docetaxel-alone group (hazard ratio [HR]?=?1.0; 95 % CI?=?0.6-1.8; p?=?0.95). There were no significant differences in the overall response rates and overall survival between groups (p?=?0.29 and p?=?0.42, respectively). In subgroup analysis, TSU-68 plus docetaxel was associated with better overall survival than docetaxel alone in anthracycline-resistant patients (HR?=?0.3; 95 % CI?=?0.1-0.8; p?=?0.02). The most frequent adverse events were neutropenia and anorexia in both arms. Although both regimens were well tolerated, grade 3/4 non-hematologic toxicity was more frequently observed in the TSU-68 plus docetaxel group. Combination of TSU-68 and docetaxel is well tolerated but failed to demonstrate superior efficacy over docetaxel alone in anthracycline-pretreated breast cancer patients. As TSU-68 was associated with better survival in the anthracycline-resistant subgroup, it should be further explored in this subgroup.
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Comparison of cervical vertebrae rotations for PMHS and BioRID II in rear impacts.
Traffic Inj Prev
PUBLISHED: 08-03-2013
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The objectives of this study are to propose a new instrumentation technique for measuring cervical spine kinematics, validate it, and apply the instrumentation technique to postmortem human subjects (PMHS) in rear impact sled tests so that cervical motions can be investigated.
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5-Fluorouracil, mitomycin-c, and polysaccharide-k versus uracil-ftorafur and polysaccharide-K as adjuvant chemoimmunotherapy for patients with locally advanced gastric cancer with curative resection.
Onkologie
PUBLISHED: 06-22-2013
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Despite the small but significant survival benefit of adjuvant chemotherapy in locally advanced gastric cancer (LAGC), the optimal regimen remains to be determined. We conducted a randomized trial comparing oral (PO) chemoimmunotherapy (CITX) with intravenous (IV) CITX in LAGC patients (stages IB-IIIB) with curative resection (? D2 dissection).
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Phase III, multicenter, randomized trial of maintenance chemotherapy versus observation in patients with metastatic breast cancer after achieving disease control with six cycles of gemcitabine plus paclitaxel as first-line chemotherapy: KCSG-BR07-02.
J. Clin. Oncol.
PUBLISHED: 04-08-2013
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The primary purpose of our study was to evaluate whether maintenance chemotherapy with paclitaxel/gemcitabine (PG) was superior to observation in improving progression-free survival (PFS) in patients with metastatic breast cancer (MBC) who achieved disease control with an initial six cycles of PG as their first-line treatment.
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The response of pediatric ribs to quasi-static loading: mechanical properties and microstructure.
Ann Biomed Eng
PUBLISHED: 04-01-2013
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Traumatic injury is a major cause of death in the child population. Motor vehicle crashes account for a large portion of these deaths, and a considerable effort is put forth by the safety community to identify injury mechanisms and methods of injury prevention. However, construction of biofidelic anthropomorphic test devices and computational models for this purpose requires knowledge of bone properties that is difficult to obtain. The objective of this study is to characterize the relationship between mechanical properties and measures of skeletal development in the growing rib. Anterolateral segments of 44 ribs from 12 pediatric individuals (age range: 5 months to 9 years) were experimentally tested in three-point bending. Univariate mixed models were used to assess the predictive abilities of development-related variables (e.g., age, stature, histomorphometry, cross-sectional geometry) on mechanical variables (material and structural properties). Results show that stature, in addition to age, may be a reliable predictor of bone strength, and that histomorphometry has potential to explain bone properties and to further our understanding of fracture mechanisms. For example, percent secondary lamellar bone (%Sd.Ar) successfully predicts peak force (F P) and Youngs modulus (E). Application of these findings is not restricted to injury biomechanics, but can also be referenced in forensic and anthropological contexts.
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Comparison of neoadjuvant adriamycin and docetaxel versus adriamycin, cyclophosphamide followed by paclitaxel in patients with operable breast cancer.
J Korean Surg Soc
PUBLISHED: 03-08-2013
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Neoadjuvant chemotherapy is the standard treatment for patients with locally advanced breast cancer and is increasingly considered for patients with operable disease. Recently, as many clinical trials have demonstrated favorable outcomes of anthracycline-taxane based regimen, this approach has been widely used in the neoadjuvant setting.
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Measurement of six degrees of freedom head kinematics in impact conditions employing six accelerometers and three angular rate sensors (6a? configuration).
J Biomech Eng
PUBLISHED: 12-16-2011
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The ability to measure six degrees of freedom (6 DOF) head kinematics in motor vehicle crash conditions is important for assessing head-neck loads as well as brain injuries. A method for obtaining accurate 6 DOF head kinematics in short duration impact conditions is proposed and validated in this study. The proposed methodology utilizes six accelerometers and three angular rate sensors (6a? configuration) such that an algebraic equation is used to determine angular acceleration with respect to the body-fixed coordinate system, and angular velocity is measured directly rather than numerically integrating the angular acceleration. Head impact tests to validate the method were conducted using the internal nine accelerometer head of the Hybrid III dummy and the proposed 6a? scheme in both low (2.3?m/s) and high (4.0?m/s) speed impact conditions. The 6a? method was compared with a nine accelerometer array sensor package (NAP) as well as a configuration of three accelerometers and three angular rate sensors (3a?), both of which have been commonly used to measure 6 DOF kinematics of the head for assessment of brain and neck injuries. The ability of each of the three methods (6a?, 3a?, and NAP) to accurately measure 6 DOF head kinematics was quantified by calculating the normalized root mean squared deviation (NRMSD), which provides an average percent error over time. Results from the head impact tests indicate that the proposed 6a? scheme is capable of producing angular accelerations and linear accelerations transformed to a remote location that are comparable to that determined from the NAP scheme in both low and high speed impact conditions. The 3a? scheme was found to be unable to provide accurate angular accelerations or linear accelerations transformed to a remote location in the high speed head impact condition due to the required numerical differentiation. Both the 6a? and 3a? schemes were capable of measuring accurate angular displacement while the NAP instrumentation was unable to produce accurate angular displacement due to double numerical integration. The proposed 6a? scheme appears to be capable of measuring accurate 6 DOF kinematics of the head in any severity of impact conditions.
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A novel algorithm for detection of adverse drug reaction signals using a hospital electronic medical record database.
Pharmacoepidemiol Drug Saf
PUBLISHED: 04-08-2011
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Quantitative analytic methods are being increasingly used in postmarketing surveillance. However, currently existing methods are limited to spontaneous reporting data and are inapplicable to hospital electronic medical record (EMR) data. The principal objectives of this study were to propose a novel algorithm for detecting the signals of adverse drug reactions using EMR data focused on laboratory abnormalities after treatment with medication, and to evaluate the potential use of this method as a signal detection tool.
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Helicobacter pylori infection as an independent prognostic factor for locally advanced gastric cancer patients treated with adjuvant chemotherapy after curative resection.
Int. J. Cancer
PUBLISHED: 03-03-2011
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A few studies reported the association between negative Helicobacter pylori infection and poor clinical outcome in resected gastric cancer patients. We investigated the H. pylori infection status and its association with the clinical outcome in 274 locally advanced gastric cancer patients (American Joint Committee on Cancer stage IB: 25, II: 82, IIIA: 80, IIIB: 39 and IV: 48) who underwent adjuvant chemotherapy after curative resection (? D2 dissection). H. pylori infection status in hematoxylin and eosin stained corporal and antral mucosa of non-tumor tissue was graded according to the updated Sydney System and categorized as H. pylori negative (normal or mild infection) and H. pylori positive (moderate or marked infection). Eighty-one patients received 5-fluorouracil (5-FU) and doxorubicin-based chemotherapy, while 193 patients underwent 5-FU, mitomycin-C and polysaccharide-K chemotherapy. The median follow-up duration of survivors was 144 (120-184) months. In univariate analysis, patients with H. pylori negative status (108 patients) demonstrated significantly poor 10-year overall survival (OS) compared to those with H. pylori-positive status (166 patients; 21.3% vs. 71.1%, p < 0.0001). H. pylori negative status was associated with poor outcome in all stages except stage IIIB. In multivariate analysis, H. pylori-negative status was the most significant independent prognostic factor of poor OS (hazard ratio: 3.45, 95% confidence interval: 2.43-4.89, p < 0.0001) followed by old age (>54 years, p < 0.0001), advanced stage (stage III or IV, p = 0.001), and Borrmann type IV (p = 0.027). H. pylori infection status seems to have strong prognostic significance in locally advanced gastric cancer. H. pylori-negative patients may need careful follow-up after curative resection.
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A case of donor-derived granulocytic sarcoma after allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation.
Korean J Hematol
PUBLISHED: 02-16-2010
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The occurrence of granulocytic sarcoma as a pattern of relapse after allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT) is rare. In this paper, we report a rare case of acute myeloid leukemia (AML) relapsed as a granulocytic sarcoma of the donor type. The patient was diagnosed as having AML and underwent an allo-HSCT from his matched sibling donor. Fifty-seven months after allo-HSCT, he developed granulocytic sarcomas of duodenum, jejunum, and left sterno-cleido-mastoid muscle. The bone marrow was normal with 100% donor chimerism. A Y chromosome PCR was performed on the patients duodenum specimen as well as bone marrow aspirate in order to check the patient-origin cells. The duodenal specimen was found to contain 41.2% SRY-positive cells (from the donor). Repeat endoscopy on day 2 of chemotherapy showed that the granulocytic sarcoma had shrunk dramatically. The patient died of sepsis during the nadir state 35 days after starting salvage chemotherapy.
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High expression of excision repair cross-complementation group 1 protein predicts poor outcome in patients with nasopharyngeal cancer.
Oral Oncol.
PUBLISHED: 02-11-2010
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We evaluated the prognostic significance of excision repair cross-complementation group 1 protein (ERCC1) and thymidylate synthase (TS) in patients with nasopharyngeal cancer (NPC) treated with concurrent chemoradiotherapy (CCRT). Pre-treatment tumor biopsy specimens from 41 patients with locally advanced NPC (stage I: 1, II: 10, III: 9, IV: 21 patients) were analyzed for ERCC1 and TS expression by immunohistochemistry. All patients were treated with one cycle of induction chemotherapy (5-fluorouracil 1000 mg/m(2)/day and cisplatin 20mg/m(2)/day, days 1-4) followed by CCRT starting on day 22. CCRT consisted of radiotherapy (70 Gy/35 fractions for 7 weeks) with cisplatin 20mg/m(2)/day for 4 days on weeks 1, 4, and 7 of radiotherapy. High expression of ERCC1 and TS was observed in 25 (60%) and 21 (51%) patients, respectively. High expression of ERCC1 was associated with WHO type 1 or 2 histology (p=0.045). With a median follow-up duration of 106 months (32-152 months) in survivors, the 5-year overall survival (OS) of all patients was 53%. In univariate analysis, 5-year OS (73% versus 39%, p=0.005) was significantly inferior in patients with high expression of ERCC1, while high expression of TS was not correlated with patient outcome. In multivariate analysis, high expression of ERCC1 was a significant independent prognostic factor for poor OS (p=0.029) along with WHO type 1 or 2 histology. High expression of ERCC1 protein may be a useful prognostic factor for poor outcome in patients with locally advanced NPC treated with CCRT.
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Bax predicts outcome in gastric cancer patients treated with 5-fluorouracil, leucovorin, and oxaliplatin palliative chemotherapy.
Dig. Dis. Sci.
PUBLISHED: 01-25-2010
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Platinum and 5-fluorouracil (5-FU)-based regimens have been used the most frequently in palliative chemotherapy for gastric cancer. The present study evaluated the prognostic significance of Bax, excision repair cross-complementation group 1 (ERCC1), and thymidylate synthase (TS) in advanced gastric cancer patients treated with 5-FU, leucovorin, and oxaliplatin (FOLFOX) palliative chemotherapy.
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Expression of Bcl-2 predicts outcome in locally advanced non-small cell lung cancer patients treated with cisplatin-based concurrent chemoradiotherapy.
Lung Cancer
PUBLISHED: 04-24-2009
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Platinum-based concurrent chemoradiotherapy (CCRT) is a standard treatment for locally advanced unresectable non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). The determination of parameters that may predict the result of the treatment has strong clinical implications.
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Chemotherapy-related amenorrhea in premenopausal women with breast cancer.
Menopause
PUBLISHED: 04-10-2009
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To report the incidence of chemotherapy-related amenorrhea (CRA) from chemotherapy with/without adjuvant endocrine therapy in premenopausal women with breast cancer and to analyze the related factors.
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Expression of excision repair cross-complementation group 1 protein predicts poor outcome in advanced non-small cell lung cancer patients treated with platinum-based doublet chemotherapy.
Lung Cancer
PUBLISHED: 01-16-2009
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Alterations in apoptosis and DNA damage repair related proteins are associated with resistance to chemotherapy, which is the most important cause of treatment failure in advanced non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC).
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Evaluation of the internal and external biofidelity of current rear impact ATDs to response targets developed from moderate-speed rear impacts of PMHS.
Stapp Car Crash J
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The goal of this study is to evaluate both the internal and external biofidelity of existing rear impact anthropomorphic test devices (BioRID II, RID3D, Hybrid III 50th) in two moderate-speed rear impact sled test conditions (8.5g, 17 km/h; 10.5g, 24 km/h) by quantitatively comparing the ATD responses to biomechanical response targets developed from PMHS testing in a corresponding study. The ATDs and PMHS were tested in an experimental seat system that is capable of simulating the dynamic seat back rotation response of production seats. The experimental seat contains a total of fourteen load cells installed such that external loads from the ATDs and PMHS can be measured to evaluate external biofidelity. The PMHS were instrumented to correspond to the instrumentation contained in the ATDs so that direct comparison between ATDs and PMHS could be made to evaluate internal biofidelity. The NHTSA Biofidelity Ranking system was used to quantitatively evaluate the biofidelity of the ATDs and an additional tool was introduced and utilized which allows for the biofidelity score to be partitioned into components of amplitude, phase, and shape. For internal biofidelity, the BioRID II and RID3D were more biofidelic than the Hybrid III in the 17 km/h test, and the BioRID II was most biofidelic in the 24 km/h test. For external biofidelity, the BioRID II was most biofidelic in the 17 km/h test, while both the BioRID II and the RID3D were more biofidelic than the Hybrid III in the 24 km/h test. Overall, the BioRID II demonstrated the best biofidelity in both the 17 km/h and 24 km/h tests.
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Biomechanical responses of PMHS in moderate-speed rear impacts and development of response targets for evaluating the internal and external biofidelity of ATDS.
Stapp Car Crash J
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The objectives of this study were to obtain biomechanical responses of post mortem human subjects (PMHS) by subjecting them to two moderate-speed rear impact sled test conditions (8.5g, 17 km/h; 10.5g, 24 km/h) while positioned in an experimental seat system, and to create biomechanical targets for internal and external biofidelity evaluation of rear impact ATDs. The experimental seat was designed to measure external loads on the head restraint (4 load cells), seat back (6 load cells), and seat pan (4 load cells) such that subject dynamic interaction with the seat could be evaluated. This seat system was capable of simulating the dynamic characteristics of modern vehicle seat backs by considering the moment-rotation properties of a typical passenger vehicle, thus providing a more realistic test environment than using a rigid seat with a non-rotating seat back as done in previous studies. Instrumentation used to measure biomechanical responses of the PMHS included both accelerometers and angular rate sensors (ARS). A total of fourteen sled tests using eight PMHS (males 175.8 ± 6.2 cm of stature and 78.4 ± 7.2 kg of weight) provided data sets of seven PMHS for both test conditions. The biomechanical responses are described at both speeds, and cervical spine injuries are documented. Biomechanical targets are also created for internal and external biofidelity evaluation of rear impact anthropomorphic test devices (ATDs).
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Dynamic properties of the upper thoracic spine-pectoral girdle (UTS-PG) system and corresponding kinematics in PMHS sled tests.
Stapp Car Crash J
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Anthropomorphic test devices (ATDs) should accurately depict head kinematics in crash tests, and thoracic spine properties have been demonstrated to affect those kinematics. To investigate the relationships between thoracic spine system dynamics and upper thoracic kinematics in crash-level scenarios, three adult post-mortem human subjects (PMHS) were tested in both Isolated Segment Manipulation (ISM) and sled configurations. In frontal sled tests, the T6-T8 vertebrae of the PMHS were coupled through a novel fixation technique to a rigid seat to directly measure thoracic spine loading. Mid-thoracic spine and belt loads along with head, spine, and pectoral girdle (PG) displacements were measured in 12 sled tests conducted with the three PMHS (3-pt lap-shoulder belted/unbelted at velocities from 3.8 - 7.0 m/s applied directly through T6-T8). The sled pulse, ISM- derived characteristic properties of that PMHS, and externally applied forces due to head-neck inertia and shoulder belt constraint were used to predict kinematic time histories of the T1-T6 spine segment. The experimental impulse applied to the upper thorax was normalized to be consistent with a T6 force/sled acceleration sinusoidal profile, and the result was an improvement in the prediction of T3 X-axis displacements with ISM properties. Differences between experimental and model-predicted displacement-time history increases were quantified with respect to speed. These discrepancies were attributed to the lack of rotational inertia of the head-neck late in the event as well as restricted kyphosis and viscoelasticity of spine constitutive structures through costovertebral interactions and mid-spine fixation. The results indicate that system dynamic properties from sub-injurious ISM testing could be useful for characterizing forward trajectories of the upper thoracic spine in higher energy crash simulations, leading to improved biofidelity for both ATDs and finite element models.
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Gankyrin is frequently overexpressed in breast cancer and is associated with ErbB2 expression.
Exp. Mol. Pathol.
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Gankyrin is a subunit of the 26S proteasome, and has been known to degrade p53 and retinoblastoma protein and promote the tumorigenicity and metastasis in some malignancies. However, the role of gankyrin in breast cancer has not been explored. In this study, we investigated the expression of gankyrin in breast cancer and evaluated its effect on breast cancer. Representative cancer tissues including normal breasts from 60 patients with breast cancer were stained immunohistochemically for gankyrin, estrogen receptor, progesterone receptor, and ErbB2. We evaluated the relationship between gankyrin expression and clinicopathologic parameters or prognostic markers. We also attempted to clarify the mechanism of gankyrin involved in breast carcinogenesis by using MCF7 breast cancer cells. Gankyrin was weakly expressed in normal breast epithelial cells, however, tumor regions of 37/60 (61.7%) cases showed an overexpression of gankyrin. Gankyrin overexpression was associated with extensive intraductal carcinoma (p=0.014) and ErbB2 positivity (p=0.031) in invasive ductal carcinoma. In MCF7 breast cancer cells, downregulation of gankyrin was associated with a reduction of cell proliferation and tumorigenicity. In conclusion, gankyrin was identified in normal breasts and overexpressed in invasive breast cancers. The overexpression of gankyrin was associated with extensive intraductal carcinoma and ErbB2 expression in breast cancer.
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Sequential biomechanics of the human upper thoracic spine and pectoral girdle.
Ann Adv Automot Med
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Thoracic spine flexibility affects head motion, which is critical to control in motor vehicle crashes given the frequency and severity of head injuries. The objective of this study is to investigate the dynamic response of the human upper thoracic region. An original experimental/analytical approach, Isolated Segment Manipulation (ISM), is introduced to quantify the intact upper thoracic spine-pectoral girdle (UTS-PG) dynamic response of six adult post-mortem human subjects (PMHS). A continuous series of small displacement, frontal perturbations were applied to the human UTS-PG using fifteen combinations of speed and constraint per PMHS. The non-parametric response of the T1-T6 lumped mass segment was obtained using a system identification technique. A parametric mass-damper-spring model was used to fit the non-parametric system response. Mechanical parameters of the upper thoracic spine were determined from the experimental model and analyzed in each speed/constraint configuration. The natural frequencies of the UTS-PG were 22.9 ± 7.1 rad/sec (shear, n=58), 32.1 ± 7.4 rad/sec (axial, n=58), and 27.8 ± 7.7 rad/sec (rotation, n=65). The damping ratios were 0.25 ± 0.20 (shear), 0.42 ± 0.24 (axial), and 0.58± 0.32 (rotation). N-way analysis of variance (Type III constrained sum of squares, no interaction effects) revealed that the relative effects of test speed, pectoral girdle constraint, and PMHS anthropometry on the UTS-PG dynamic properties varied per property and direction. While more work is needed to verify accuracy in realistic crash scenarios, the UTS-PG model system dynamic properties could eventually aid in developing integrated anthropomorphic test device (ATD) thoracic spine and shoulder components to provide improved head kinematics and belt interaction.
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Acquired hemophilia successfully treated with activated prothrombin complex concentrate and immunosuppressant combination: a case report.
Blood Coagul. Fibrinolysis
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Acquired hemophilia A is a very rare but life-threatening disorder caused by autoantibody against coagulation factor VIII. The incidence was much rarer in young people. In this case report, a young woman presented with spontaneous muscle hematoma. Because of pain and limited range of motion, she underwent surgery for resolution at first. However, her symptoms and hemorrhage worsened. She was diagnosed with acquired hemophilia A. We started combination treatment with bypassing agent, activated prothrombin complex and immunosuppressants immediately and the results were successful. The acute bleeding was controlled and autoantibody was completely resolved.
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Differential diagnosis in idiopathic granulomatous mastitis and tuberculous mastitis.
J Breast Cancer
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Idiopathic granulomatous mastitis (IGM) is a rare chronic inflammatory disease of unknown etiology. The diagnosis of IGM requires that other granulomatous lesions in the breast be excluded. Tuberculous mastitis (TM) is also an uncommon disease that is often difficult to differentiate from IGM. The purpose of this study is to develop a new algorithm for the differential diagnosis and treatment of IGM and TM.
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Magnetic resonance imaging patterns of tumor regression after neoadjuvant chemotherapy in breast cancer patients: correlation with pathological response grading system based on tumor cellularity.
J Comput Assist Tomogr
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The objectives of the study were to analyze the tumor shrinkage pattern on magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) after neoadjuvant chemotherapy and to evaluate whether there is any difference in shrinkage pattern between pathological responder and nonresponder groups. In addition, we wanted to compare tumor diameter obtained from MRI with histological diameter according to the tumor shrinkage pattern.
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What is Visualize?

JoVE Visualize is a tool created to match the last 5 years of PubMed publications to methods in JoVE's video library.

How does it work?

We use abstracts found on PubMed and match them to JoVE videos to create a list of 10 to 30 related methods videos.

Video X seems to be unrelated to Abstract Y...

In developing our video relationships, we compare around 5 million PubMed articles to our library of over 4,500 methods videos. In some cases the language used in the PubMed abstracts makes matching that content to a JoVE video difficult. In other cases, there happens not to be any content in our video library that is relevant to the topic of a given abstract. In these cases, our algorithms are trying their best to display videos with relevant content, which can sometimes result in matched videos with only a slight relation.