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Find video protocols related to scientific articles indexed in Pubmed.
Clinical characteristics and treatment of cryptorchidism in adults: a single center experience.
World J Mens Health
PUBLISHED: 06-14-2014
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We evaluated the clinical and therapeutic characteristics of adult cryptorchidism, which have been difficult to establish, given the small number of patients presenting to outpatient clinics.
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Ultrasonographic features of fibrous hamartoma of infancy.
Skeletal Radiol.
PUBLISHED: 01-26-2014
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To review imaging features of fibrous hamartoma of infancy (FHI), focusing on ultrasonography (US) findings.
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The NF-?B transcription factor c-Rel is required for Th17 effector cell development in experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis.
J. Immunol.
PUBLISHED: 09-21-2011
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Experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis (EAE) is a T cell-mediated autoimmune disease involving effector Th subsets such as Th1 and Th17. In this study, we demonstrate that mice lacking the NF-?B transcription factor family member c-Rel (rel(-/-)), which are known to be resistant to EAE, show impaired Th17 development. Mixed bone marrow chimeras and EAE adoptive transfer experiments show that the deficiency of effector Th17 cells in rel(-/-) mice is T cell intrinsic. Consistent with this finding, c-Rel was activated in response to TCR signaling in the early stages of Th17 development and controlled the expression of Rorc, which encodes the Th17 transcription factor retinoic acid-related orphan receptor ?t. CD28, but not IL-2, repression of Th17 development was dependent on c-Rel, implicating a dual role for c-Rel in modulating Th17 development. Adoptive transfer experiments also suggested that c-Rel control of regulatory T cell differentiation and homeostasis influences EAE development and severity by influencing the balance between Th17 and regulatory T cells. Collectively, our findings indicate that in addition to promoting Th1 differentiation, c-Rel regulates the development and severity of EAE via multiple mechanisms that impact on the generation of Th17 cells.
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Nanomorphology-driven two-stage hole mobility in blend films of regioregular and regiorandom polythiophenes.
Nanoscale
PUBLISHED: 09-02-2011
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We report the nanomorphology-driven two-stage hole mobility in the blend films of regioregular and regiorandom poly(3-hexylthiophene) (P3HT) polymers of which regioregularity was 92.2% and 33.0%, respectively. The hole mobility of blend films was measured by employing a top-contact type organic field-effect transistor which has an aromatic polyimide gate insulating layer and silver source/drain electrodes. Results showed that the hole mobility of blend films was suddenly reduced as large as two orders of magnitude as the bulk regioregularity of blend films decreased from 89.8% to 86.3%, even though the hole mobility change was far less than one order of magnitude after and before this boundary condition. The discontinuous two-stage hole mobility trend has been attributed to the destruction of P3HT chain ordering/alignment in the blend films at the boundary blend composition, as evidenced from the huge changes in optical absorption coefficient, surface nanomorphology, and in-plane/out-of-plane nanostructures in the blend films.
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Phase I trial of lenalidomide and CCI-779 in patients with relapsed multiple myeloma: evidence for lenalidomide-CCI-779 interaction via P-glycoprotein.
J. Clin. Oncol.
PUBLISHED: 08-08-2011
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Multiple myeloma (MM) is an incurable plasma-cell neoplasm for which most treatments involve a therapeutic agent combined with dexamethasone. The preclinical combination of lenalidomide with the mTOR inhibitor CCI-779 has displayed synergy in vitro and represents a novel combination in MM.
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Device performance and lifetime of polymer:fullerene solar cells with UV-ozone-irradiated hole-collecting buffer layers.
ChemSusChem
PUBLISHED: 04-15-2011
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We report the influence of UV-ozone irradiation of the hole-collecting buffer layers on the performance and lifetime of polymer:fullerene solar cells. UV-ozone irradiation was targeted at the surface of the poly(3,4-ethylenedioxythiophene): poly(styrenesulfonate) (PEDOT:PSS) layers by varying the irradiation time up to 600 s. The change of the surface characteristics in the PEDOT:PSS after UV-ozone irradiation was measured by employing optical absorption spectroscopy, photoelectron yield spectroscopy, and contact angle measurements, while Raman and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy techniques were introduced for more microscopic analysis. Results showed that the UV-ozone irradiation changed the chemical structure/composition of the surface of the PEDOT:PSS layers leading to the gradual increase of ionization potential with irradiation time in the presence of up-and-down variations in the contact angle (polarity). This surface property change was attributed to the formation of oxidative components, as evidenced by XPS and Auger electron images, which affected the sheet resistance of the PEDOT:PSS layers. Interestingly, device performance was slightly improved by short irradiation (up to 10 s), whereas it was gradually decreased by further irradiation. The short-duration illumination test showed that the lifetime of solar cells with the UV-ozone irradiated PEDOT:PSS layer was improved due to the protective role of the oxidative components formed upon UV-ozone irradiation against the attack of sulfonic acid groups in the PEDOT:PSS layer to the active layer.
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Prediction of perineural invasion and its prognostic value in patients with prostate cancer.
Korean J Urol
PUBLISHED: 09-16-2010
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The prognostic significance of perineural invasion by prostate cancer is debated. We investigated the association between perineural invasion and clinicopathological factors and the effect of perineural invasion on survival in patients with prostate cancer.
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The transcription repressor, ZEB1, cooperates with CtBP2 and HDAC1 to suppress IL-2 gene activation in T cells.
Int. Immunol.
PUBLISHED: 01-30-2009
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Activation of T cells leads to the induction of many cytokine genes that are required for appropriate immune responses, including IL-2, a key cytokine for T cell proliferation and homeostasis. The activating transcription factors such as nuclear factor of activated T cells, nuclear factor kappaB/Rel and activated protein-1 family members that regulate inducible IL-2 gene expression have been well documented. However, negative regulation of the IL-2 gene is less studied. Here we examine the role of zinc finger E-box-binding protein (ZEB) 1, a homeodomain/Zn finger transcription factor, as a repressor of IL-2 gene transcription. We show here that ZEB1 is expressed in non-stimulated and stimulated T cells and using chromatin immunoprecipitation assays we show that ZEB1 binds to the IL-2 promoter. Over-expression of ZEB1 can repress IL-2 promoter activity, as well as endogenous IL-2 mRNA production in EL-4 T cells, and this repression is dependent on the ZEB-binding site at -100. ZEB1 cooperates with the co-repressor C-terminal-binding protein (CtBP) 2 and with histone deacetylase 1 to repress the IL-2 promoter and this cooperation depends on the ZEB-binding site in the promoter as well as the Pro-X-Asp-Leu-Ser protein-protein interaction domain in CtBP2. Thus, ZEB1 may function to recruit a repressor complex to the IL-2 promoter.
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Analysis of the transport of and cytotoxic effects for nalbuphine solution in corneal cells.
Am. J. Vet. Res.
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To assess the in vitro effects of various nalbuphine concentrations on viability and wound healing ability of corneal cells and potential drug transport through the corneal epithelium.
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A pronounced dispersion effect of crystalline silicon nanoparticles on the performance and stability of polymer:fullerene solar cells.
ACS Appl Mater Interfaces
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We investigated the dispersion effect of crystalline silicon nanoparticles (SiNP) on the performance and stability of organic solar cells with the bulk heterojunction (BHJ) films of poly(3-hexylthiophene) (P3HT) and [6,6]-phenyl-C(61)-butyric acid methyl ester (PC(61)BM). To improve the dispersion of SiNP in the BHJ films, we attached octanoic acid (OA) to the SiNP surface via esterification reaction and characterized it with Raman spectroscopy and high-resolution transmission electron microscopy. The OA-attached SiNP (SiNP-OA) showed improved dispersion in chlorobenzene without change of optical absorption, ionization potential and crystal nanostructure of SiNP. The device performance was significantly deteriorated upon high loading of SiNP (10 wt %), whereas relatively good performance was maintained without large degradation in the case of SiNP-OA. Compared to the control device (P3HT:PC(61)BM), the device performance was improved by adding 2 wt % SiNP-OA, but it was degraded by adding 2 wt % SiNP. In particular, the device stability (lifetime under short time exposure to 1 sun condition) was improved by adding 2 wt % SiNP-OA even though it became significantly decreased by adding 2 wt % SiNP. This result suggests that the dispersion of nanoparticles greatly affects the device performance and stability (lifetime).
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Heparin-coated superparamagnetic iron oxide for in vivo MR imaging of human MSCs.
Biomaterials
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Human mesenchymal stem cells (hMSCs) offer significant therapeutic potential in the field of regenerative medicine and high-resolution magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is useful modality to visualize in vivo kinetics of transplanted stem cells. For successful MR imaging, there is a great need for effective contrast agents for stem cell labeling with high uptake yield and low toxicity. Here, we present superparamagnetic iron oxide (SPIO) nanoparticles coated with unfractionated heparin (UFH-SPIO) as a new negative contrast agent for in vivo MR imaging of hMSCs. The uptake of UFH-SPIO by hMSCs was effective without the aid of transfection agents, which was dependent on the concentration and exposure time. The uptake efficiency of UFH-SPIO was greater than that of DEX-SPIO (SPIO coated with dextran) by approximately 3 folds when treated for 1 h. TEM and Prussian blue staining confirmed that UFH-SPIO nanoparticles were internalized into the cytosol of hMSCs which existed during in vitro subculture for 28 days. Low temperature endocytosis inhibition assay demonstrated that the incorporation of UFH-SPIO into hMSCs was likely to be mediated by endocytosis. When the phantom of UFH-SPIO-labeled hMSCs was visualized with 3-T T(2)-weighted MRI, the hypointensity signals of UFH-SPIO-labeled hMSCs were linearly correlated with the concentration of the nanoparticles. The cellular labeling using UFH-SPIO did not reduce the viability, proliferation or differentiation potential to osteogenic and adipogenic lineages of hMSCs. When the UFH-SPIO-labeled hMSCs were transplanted into the left renal subcapsular membranes of nude mice, they were successfully visualized and detected by T(2) and T(2)(?)-weighted MRI for a month. Collectively, these results suggest that UFH-SPIO nanoparticles are promising as a new MRI contrast agent for in vivo long-term tracking of hMSCs.
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What is Visualize?

JoVE Visualize is a tool created to match the last 5 years of PubMed publications to methods in JoVE's video library.

How does it work?

We use abstracts found on PubMed and match them to JoVE videos to create a list of 10 to 30 related methods videos.

Video X seems to be unrelated to Abstract Y...

In developing our video relationships, we compare around 5 million PubMed articles to our library of over 4,500 methods videos. In some cases the language used in the PubMed abstracts makes matching that content to a JoVE video difficult. In other cases, there happens not to be any content in our video library that is relevant to the topic of a given abstract. In these cases, our algorithms are trying their best to display videos with relevant content, which can sometimes result in matched videos with only a slight relation.