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Find video protocols related to scientific articles indexed in Pubmed.
Automatic slice selection and diagnosis of breast strain elastography.
Med Phys
PUBLISHED: 10-06-2014
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Generally speaking, breast imaging experts and physicians select a representative slice from the strain elastographic image sequences to diagnose the tumor. Given the strain image qualities, it is difficult to make a successful diagnosis using human eyes only. The main purpose of this study is to develop an automatic and reliable method to select the representative slice from the elastography cine loops and/or video and then diagnose the tumor by means of the elastographic features generated from the selected slice.
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Melatonin prevents neonatal dexamethasone induced programmed hypertension: Histone deacetylase inhibition.
J. Steroid Biochem. Mol. Biol.
PUBLISHED: 05-11-2014
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Adulthood hypertension can be programmed by corticosteroid exposure in early life. Oxidative stress, epigenetic regulation by histone deacetylases (HDACs), and alterations of renin-angiotensin system (RAS) are involved in the developmental programming of hypertension. We examined whether melatonin prevented neonatal dexamethasone (DEX)-induced programmed hypertension and how melatonin prevented these processes. We also examined whether HDAC inhibition by trichostatin A (TSA, a HDAC inhibitor) had similar effects. Male offspring were assigned to 5 groups (n=6/group): control, DEX, melatonin, DEX+melatonin, and DEX+TSA. Male rat pups were injected i.p. with DEX on day 1 (0.5mg/kg BW), day 2 (0.3mg/kg BW), and day 3 (0.1mg/kg BW) after birth. Melatonin was administered in drinking water at the dose of 0.01% during the lactation period. The DEX+TSA group received DEX and 0.5mg/kg TSA subcutaneous injection once daily for 1 week. All rats were killed at 16 weeks of age. Neonatal DEX exposure induced hypertension in male offspring at 16 weeks of age, which melatonin prevented. Neonatal DEX exposure decreased gene expression related to apoptosis, nephrogenesis, RAS, and sodium transporters. Yet DEX treatment increased protein levels of HDAC-1, -2, and -3 in the kidney. Melatonin therapy preserved the decreases of gene expression and decreased HDACs. Similarly, HDAC inhibition prevented DEX-induced programmed hypertension. In conclusion, melatonin therapy exerts a long-term protection against neonatal DEX-induced programmed hypertension. Its beneficial effects include alterations of RAS components and inhibition of class I HDACs. Given that the similar protective effects of melatonin and TSA, melatonin might inhibit HDACs to epigenetic regulation of hypertension-related genes to prevent programmed hypertension.
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Common carotid artery intima-media thickness is useful for diagnosis of the acute stage of Kawasaki disease.
BMC Pediatr
PUBLISHED: 03-13-2014
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This study aimed to investigate intima-media thickness (IMT) of the common carotid arteries in children with acute Kawasaki disease (KD).
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Programmable redox state of the nickel ion chain in DNA.
Nano Lett.
PUBLISHED: 01-23-2014
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DNA is a nanowire in nature which chelates Ni ions and forms a conducting chain in its base-pairs (Ni-DNA). Each Ni ion in Ni-DNA exhibits low (Ni(2+)) or high (Ni(3+)) oxidation state and can be switched sequentially by applying bias voltage with different polarities and writing times. The ratio of low and high oxidation states of Ni ions in Ni-DNA represents a programmable multistate memory system with an added capacitive component, in which multistate information can be written, read, and erased. This study also indicates that the biomolecule-based self-organized nanostructure can be used as a template for nanodevice fabrication.
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Differential Regulation of Human Aortic Smooth Muscle Cell Proliferation by Monocyte-Derived Macrophages from Diabetic Patients.
PLoS ONE
PUBLISHED: 01-01-2014
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Macrophage accumulation in the arterial wall and smooth muscle cell (SMC) proliferation are features of type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM) and its vascular complications. However, the effects of diabetic monocyte-derived macrophages on vascular SMC proliferation are not clearly understood. In the present study, we investigated the pro-proliferative effect of macrophages isolated from DM patients on vascular SMCs. Macrophage-conditioned media (MCM) were prepared from macrophages isolated from DM patients. DM-MCM treatment induced HASMC proliferation, decreased p21Cip1 and p27Kip1 expressions, and increased microRNA (miR)-17-5p and miR-221 expressions. Inhibition of either miR-17-5p or miR-221 inhibited DM-MCM-induced cell proliferation. Inhibition of miR-17-5p abolished DM-MCM-induced p21Cip1 down-regulation; and inhibition of miR-221 attenuated the DM-MCM-induced p27Kip1 down-regulation. Furthermore, blocking assays demonstrated that PDGF-CC in DM-MCM is the major mediators of cell proliferation in SMCs. In conclusion, our present data support the hypothesis that SMC proliferation stimulated by macrophages may play critical roles in vascular complications in DM patients and suggest a new mechanism by which arterial disease is accelerated in diabetes.
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Effects of cross-sectional area on the tunneling-junction array in octahedral PbSe colloidal-nanocrystal solids.
Phys Chem Chem Phys
PUBLISHED: 08-29-2013
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Octahedral PbSe colloidal nanocrystals (NCs) are used to assemble a solid. Because of the special feature of the apexes of the octahedrons, the cross-sectional area of the inter-dot tunneling junctions is much smaller than that formed between spherical NCs. The inter-dot separation between NCs is easily adjusted by mild thermal treatment. Like a spherical NC-solid, the resistance of the octahedral NC-solid is exponentially dependent on the inter-dot separation. On the contrary, due to the difference in the cross-sectional area between the NCs, electron transport in the octahedral NC-solid does not follow the same model used for the explanation of electron transport in a spherical NC-solid. Through analyses of current-voltage and resistance-temperature behaviors, we have confirmed that the model of fluctuation-induced tunneling conduction fits very well with all of the data and explains the variation in the electrical properties of octahedral PbSe colloidal NC-solids after thermal annealing.
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Nanocrystal shape and nanojunction effects on electron transport in nanocrystal-assembled bulks.
Nanoscale
PUBLISHED: 07-30-2013
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Bulk nanostructured materials are made from the assembly of octahedral PbSe nanocrystals. After thermal annealing, the artificial bulk demonstrates a large difference in behavior depending on the temperature, and a large variation of room-temperature resistivity of up to seven orders of magnitude. This variation originates from the high-indexed sharp edges of the octahedral nanocrystals. As the nanocrystals are arranged in the edge-to-edge configuration, which was observed in scanning electron microscopy images, the inter-nanocrystal capacitance is small due to the small parallel area between the nanocrystals. The small capacitance results in a high thermal fluctuation voltage and drives electron transport. The temperature-dependent resistivity and the electric field-dependent current are highly in agreement with the model of fluctuation-induced tunneling conduction. Thermal annealing reduces the inter-nanocrystal separation distance, creating a large variation in the electrical properties. Specifically, octahedral-shaped PbSe nanocrystals are employed in tailoring the electron transport in bulk nanostructured materials.
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RNA silencing targeting PIN (protein inhibitor of neuronal nitric oxide synthase) attenuates the development of hypertension in young spontaneously hypertensive rats.
J Am Soc Hypertens
PUBLISHED: 07-01-2013
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Nitric oxide (NO) deficiency contributes to hypertension. We previously showed that neuronal nitric oxide synthase (nNOS) was involved in hypertension and kidney damage in spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHRs). The protein inhibitor of nNOS (PIN) has been reported to inhibit activity of nNOS.Thus, we tested whether increased PIN in the kidney results in hypertension and whether small interfering RNA (siRNA) targeting PIN attenuates hypertension in SHRs. Four-week-old male SHRs were assigned into three groups (n = 6-7/group): SHR; SHR + PIN, SHR that received siRNA targeting PIN; and SHR + NC, SHR treated with random negative control siRNA. Rats were sacrificed at 12 weeks of age. PIN protein expression was inhibited considerably when PIN siRNA was transfected into NRK52E cells (90% siRNA at 1 nM). The increases of BP were attenuated by siRNA targeting PIN in12-week-old SHRs. Immunostaining of nNOS-? and total nNOS was greater in SHR + PIN group than SHR. Moreover, renal superoxide production and 8-hydroxydeoxyguanosine (8-OHdG) staining were more decreased in the SHR + PIN group than SHRs. We conclude that PIN siRNA reduced PIN expression in vitro and in vivo. PIN siRNA therapy attenuates hypertension in SHRs at 12 weeks of age. Our results suggest that PIN is involved in the development of hypertension.
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Two different approaches to restore renal nitric oxide and prevent hypertension in young spontaneously hypertensive rats: l-citrulline and nitrate.
Transl Res
PUBLISHED: 06-27-2013
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Nitric oxide (NO) deficiency mediates oxidative stress in the kidney and is involved in the development of hypertension. NO synthesis occurs via 2 pathways: nitric oxide synthase (NOS) dependent and NOS-independent. We tested whether the development of hypertension is prevented by restoration of NO by dietary l-citrulline or nitrate supplementation in young spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHRs). Male SHRs and normotensive Wistar Kyoto control rats (WKYs)s age 4 weeks were assigned to 4 groups: untreated SHRs and WKYs, and SHRs and WKYs that received 0.25% l-citrulline for 8 weeks. In our second series of studies, we replaced l-citrulline with 1 mmol/kg/d sodium nitrate. All rats were sacrificed at age 12 weeks. We found an increase in the blood pressure of SHRs was prevented by dietary supplementation of l-citrulline or nitrate. Both treatments restored NO bioavailability and reduced oxidative stress in SHR kidneys. l-Citrulline therapy reduced levels of l-arginine and asymmetric dimethylarginine (ADMA)-an endogenous inhibitor of NOS-and increased the l-arginine-to-ADMA ratio in SHR kidneys. Nitrate treatment reduced plasma levels of l-arginine and ADMA concurrently in SHRs. Our findings suggest that both NOS-dependent and -independent approaches in the prehypertensive stage toward augmentation of NO can prevent the development of hypertension in young SHRs.
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Perceptual quality-regulable video coding system with region-based rate control scheme.
IEEE Trans Image Process
PUBLISHED: 04-02-2013
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In this paper, we discuss a region-based perceptual quality-regulable H.264 video encoder system that we developed. The ability to adjust the quality of specific regions of a source video to a predefined level of quality is an essential technique for region-based video applications. We use the structural similarity index as the quality metric for distortion-quantization modeling and develop a bit allocation and rate control scheme for enhancing regional perceptual quality. Exploiting the relationship between the reconstructed macroblock and the best predicted macroblock from mode decision, a novel quantization parameter prediction method is built and used to achieve the target video quality of the processed macroblock. Experimental results show that the system model has only 0.013 quality error in average. Moreover, the proposed region-based rate control system can encode video well under a bitrate constraint with a 0.1% bitrate error in average. For the situation of the low bitrate constraint, the proposed system can encode video with a 0.5% bit error rate in average and enhance the quality of the target regions.
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Impact of extracorporeal membrane oxygenation support on clinical outcome of pediatric patients with acute cardiopulmonary failure: a single-center experience.
Biomed J
PUBLISHED: 03-22-2013
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Conventional therapy against acute pediatric cardiopulmonary failure (APCPF) caused by a variety of disease entities remains unsatisfactory with extremely high morbidity and mortality. For refractory APCPF, extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) is one of the last resorts.
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Breast elastography diagnosis based on dynamic sequence features.
Med Phys
PUBLISHED: 02-08-2013
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Each dynamic elastography contains multiple images; therefore, physicians need to determine the most representative image from the scanned sequence to make diagnosis. To eliminate interobserver variations on diagnoses and help doctors providing correct treatments, the authors developed an objective computer-aided diagnostic scheme without requiring manually selecting representative images for diagnosis.
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Classification of breast tumors using elastographic and B-mode features: comparison of automatic selection of representative slice and physician-selected slice of images.
Ultrasound Med Biol
PUBLISHED: 01-15-2013
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Inter-observer variability and image quality are two key factors that can affect the diagnostic performance of elastography and B-mode ultrasound for breast tumor characterization. The purpose of this study is to use an image quantification method that automatically chooses a representative slice and then segments the tumor contour to evaluate the diagnostic features for tumor characterization. First, the representative slice is selected based on either the stiffness inside the tumor (the signal-to-noise ratio on the elastogram [SNRe]) or the contrast between the tumor and the surrounding normal tissue (the contrast-to-noise ratio on the elastogram [CNRe]). Next, the level set method is used to segment the tumor contour. Finally, the B-mode and elastographic features related to the segmented tumor are extracted for tumor characterization. The performance of the representative slice selected using the proposed methods is compared to that of the physician-selected slice in 151 biopsy-proven lesions (89 benign and 62 malignant). The diagnostic accuracies using elastographic features are 82.1% (124/151) for the slice with the maximum CNRe value, 82.1% (124/151) for the slice with the maximum SNRe value and 82.8% (125/151) for the physician-selected slice, whereas the diagnostic accuracies using B-mode features are 80.8% (122/151) for the slice with the maximum CNRe value, 87.4% (132/151) for the slice with the maximum SNRe value and 84.1% (127/151) for the physician-selected slice. When using both the B-mode and elastographic features to characterize the tumor, the accuracy of diagnosis is 86.1% (130/151) for the slice with the maximum CNRe value, 90.1% (136/151) for the slice with the maximum SNRe value and 89.4% (135/151) for the physician-selected slice. Our results show that the representative slice selected by SNRe and CNRe could be used to reduce the observer variability and to increase the diagnostic performance by the B-mode and elastographic features.
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Regulation of cyclooxygenase-2 expression in human bladder epithelial cells infected with type I fimbriated uropathogenic E. coli.
Cell. Microbiol.
PUBLISHED: 08-11-2011
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The type 1 fimbriae of uropathogenic Escherichia coli (UPEC) have been described as important for the establishment of bladder infections and urinary tract infections (UTI). Urinary prostaglandin (PG) levels and cyclooxygenase (COX)-2 expression in urine particulates may increase with infectious and inflammatory processes, including UTIs. We investigated the mechanisms underlying the modulation of COX-2 expression through the invasion of type 1 fimbriated UPEC strain J96 (J96-1) in human bladder 5637 cells. Bladder 5637 cells infected with J96-1 induced increases in the expression of COX-2 and secretion of PGE(2) . By using specific inhibitors and short hairpin RNA (shRNA), we have demonstrated that the activation of extracellular signal-related kinase (ERK), c-Jun-NH(2) -terminal kinase (JNK) and p38 MAPK pathways is critical for J96-1-induced COX-2 expression. Luciferase reporters and chromatin immunoprecipitation assays suggest that J96-1 invasion increases NF-?B- and AP-1-DNA-binding activities in 5637 cells. Inhibition of NF-?B and AP-1 activations blocked the J96-1-induced COX-2 promoter activity and expression. The effect of J96-1 on 5637 cell signalling and COX-2 expression is mediated by Toll-like receptor (TLR)-4. In summary, our findings provide the molecular pathways underlying type 1 fimbriated J96-dependent COX-2 expression in 5637 cells, providing insight into the function of UPEC invasion in bladder epithelial cells.
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Impact of transcatheter closure of atrial septal defects in pediatric patients on body weight.
J. Formos. Med. Assoc.
PUBLISHED: 07-12-2011
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Pediatric patients with atrial septal defect (ASD) may have failure to thrive. This study aimed to investigate body weight changes in pediatric patients after transcatheter closure of ASD.
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Detoxification of high-dose zolpidem using cross-titration with an adequate equivalent dose of diazepam.
Gen Hosp Psychiatry
PUBLISHED: 06-19-2011
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There have been numerous case reports of zolpidem abuse and dependence in the recent decade, giving rise to a focus on adverse withdrawal events such as seizure. No standard detoxification regimen has been proposed to date, despite the similarity of effects of zolpidem and benzodiazepines at high doses.
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High glucose-treated macrophages augment E-selectin expression in endothelial cells.
J. Biol. Chem.
PUBLISHED: 06-09-2011
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E-selectin expression by endothelial cells (ECs) is crucial for leukocyte recruitment during the inflammatory response. Macrophage accumulation and serum E-selectin elevation are features of type 2 diabetes mellitus. However, the interactions between macrophages and ECs in regulating vascular endothelial function are not clearly understood. We investigated the mechanisms underlying the modulation of EC E-selectin expression by high glucose (HG)-treated macrophages. Macrophage-conditioned media (MCM) were prepared from HG-treated macrophages. EC stimulation with HG-MCM induced increases the expression and secretion of E-selectin. By using specific inhibitors and small interfering RNAs, we demonstrate that the activation of the JNK and p38 MAPK pathways are critical for HG-MCM-induced E-selectin expression. Transcription factor ELISA and chromatin immunoprecipitation assays further showed that HG-MCM increases the NF-?B- and AP-1 DNA-binding activities in ECs. The inhibition of NF-?B and AP-1 activation by specific siRNAs blocks the HG-MCM-induced E-selectin promoter activity and expression. Protein arrays and blocking assays using neutralizing antibodies demonstrated that macrophage inflammatory protein 1? and 1? in HG-MCM are major mediators for the induction of EC E-selectin expression. These data support the hypothesis that E-selectin up-regulation stimulated by macrophages may play an active role in atherogenesis in the HG condition and suggest a new mechanism by which arterial disease is accelerated in diabetes.
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Transpulmonary arterial repair of type 1 ventricular septal defect will induce pulmonary regurgitation: appraisal of subpulmonic approach.
J. Thorac. Cardiovasc. Surg.
PUBLISHED: 04-18-2011
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A transpulmonary arterial approach to repair type I ventricular septal defect is the standard. However, the possible adverse effect on the pulmonary valve by this technique has not been investigated.
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Breast tumor classification using fuzzy clustering for breast elastography.
Ultrasound Med Biol
PUBLISHED: 01-07-2011
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Elastography is a new ultrasound imaging technique to provide the information about relative tissue stiffness. The elasticity information provided by this dynamic imaging method has proven to be helpful in distinguishing benign and malignant breast tumors. In previous studies for computer-aided diagnosis (CAD), the tumor contour was manually segmented and each pixel in the elastogram was classified into hard or soft tissue using the simple thresholding technique. In this paper, the tumor contour was automatically segmented by the level set method to provide more objective and reliable tumor contour for CAD. Moreover, the elasticity of each pixel inside each tumor was classified by the fuzzy c-means clustering technique to obtain a more precise diagnostic result. The test elastography database included 66 benign and 31 malignant biopsy-proven tumors. In the experiments, the accuracy, sensitivity, specificity and the area index Az under the receiver operating characteristic curve for the classification of solid breast masses were 83.5% (81/97), 83.9% (26/31), 83.3% (55/66) and 0.902 for the fuzzy c-means clustering method, respectively, and 59.8% (58/97), 96.8% (30/31), 42.4% (28/66) and 0.818 for the conventional thresholding method, respectively. The differences of accuracy, specificity and Az value were statistically significant (p < 0.05). We conclude that the proposed method has the potential to provide a CAD tool to help physicians to more reliably and objectively diagnose breast tumors using elastography.
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Automatic selection of representative slice from cine-loops of real-time sonoelastography for classifying solid breast masses.
Ultrasound Med Biol
PUBLISHED: 01-06-2011
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This study aimed to evaluate the performance of automatic selection of representative slice from cine-loops of real-time sonoelastography for classifying benign and malignant breast masses. This retrospective study included 141 ultrasound elastographic studies (93 benign and 48 malignant masses). A novel computer-assisted system was developed for the automatic segmentation of the targeted lesion from cine-loops of real-time sonoelastography. Its hard ratio, defined as the ratio of the number of hard pixels within the tumor divided by the total number of pixels of the whole tumor, was also calculated. The targeted mass was segmented by edge-detection and region growing methods, with combined motion registration after manually defining the original seed. Signal-to-noise ratio (SNR(e)) and contrast-to-noise ratio (CNR(e)) of ultrasound elastogram were computed to obtain an optimum slice for differentiating benign and malignant lesions. The diagnostic results of automatic slice selection using maximum strain, maximum SNR(e), maximum CNR(e), maximum compression and the slices selected by radiologists were compared. Mann-Whitney U test, performance indexes and receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curves were used for statistical analysis. Performance using the maximum SNR(e) (accuracy 84.4%, sensitivity 83.3%, specificity 85.0% and A(z) value 0.90) was the best as compared with those of maximum CNR(e) (82.3%, 79.2%, 83.9% and 0.88, respectively), maximum compression (78.0%, 79.2%, 77.4% and 0.85, respectively), maximum strain (79.4%, 79.2%, 79.6% and 0.87, respectively) and radiologists selection (77.3%, 77.1%, 77.4% and 0.80, respectively). Automatic selection of representative slice from the cine-loops of real-time sonoelastography is a practical, objective and accurate approach for classifying solid breast masses.
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Immediate echocardiographic surveillance after transcatheter closure of a patent ductus arteriosus: a feasible method to assess residual shunt.
Pediatr Neonatol
PUBLISHED: 03-16-2010
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To evaluate the feasibility of echocardiography after transcatheter closure of patent ductus arteriosus (PDA) with coils.
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Balloon angioplasty for native coarctation of the aorta in neonates and infants with congestive heart failure.
Pediatr Neonatol
PUBLISHED: 09-16-2009
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Balloon angioplasty (BA) is an alternative to surgical repair for coarctation of the aorta (CoA) in children. However, its role in the treatment of native CoA in neonates and infants remains controversial. The purpose of this study was to report the midterm outcomes of BA for native CoA in neonates and infants with congestive heart failure (CHF).
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Aminoguanidine attenuates hypertension, whereas 7-nitroindazole exacerbates kidney damage in spontaneously hypertensive rats: the role of nitric oxide.
Eur. J. Pharmacol.
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Nitric oxide (NO) deficiency contributes to hypertension and end-organ damage. Three nitric oxide synthase (NOS) isoforms have been identified: neuronal NOS (nNOS), inducible NOS (iNOS), and endothelial NOS (eNOS). Whether selective nNOS or iNOS inhibition exacerbates kidney damage in spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHRs) remains unclear. Seven-week-old SHRs were randomly assigned to 4 groups (n=8 for each group): group 1, SHRs receiving no treatment; group 2 (SHR+7-NI), SHRs given 7-nitroindazole (7-NI, nNOS inhibitor) in their drinking water (10mg/kg/day); group 3 (SHR+salt), SHRs given 1% NaCl; and group 4 (SHR+AG), SHRs given 0.1% aminoguanidine (AG; iNOS inhibitor) in drinking water. The mean arterial pressure of SHRs treated with salt was significantly elevated compared with untreated controls. While AG caused a decrease of mean arterial pressure at 8 and 12 weeks of age in SHRs, both 7-NI and salt exacerbated kidney injury. In addition, AG significantly increased l-arginine levels and the l-arginine-to-asymmetric dimethylarginine (ADMA) ratio in the kidney. Salt treatment decreased renal nNOS-? protein levels and reduced dimethylarginine dimethylaminohydrolase (DDAH) activity. Salt and AG treatment increased nNOS-? and l-citrulline levels in SHR kidneys. AG attenuates hypertension development by upregulation of l-citrulline-to- l-arginine conversion and an increase in the l-arginine-to-ADMA ratio in SHR kidneys. 7-NI impairs renal function but has no effect on blood pressure, suggesting reno-protective role for the nNOS. Salt exacerbates kidney damage mainly through decreasing renal nNOS-? protein levels and DDAH activity. Our findings highlight the protective role of the nNOS/NO pathway in the development of kidney damage in SHRs.
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Urinary arginine methylation index associated with ambulatory blood pressure abnormalities in children with chronic kidney disease.
J Am Soc Hypertens
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Arginine (ARG) metabolites are interrelated and are involved in chronic kidney disease (CKD) and cardiovascular disease. Twenty-four-hour ambulatory blood pressure monitoring (ABPM) appears to correlate with cardiovascular outcomes. We investigated the relationship between ARG metabolites, and their combined ratios in urine, and the ABPM profiles of children and adolescents with CKD. This cross-sectional study included 45 children and adolescents (age, 5-18 years) with stage 1 to 4 CKD. Each child underwent office blood pressure (BP) measurements, 24-hour ABPM, and urinary ARG metabolite determinations. Seventy percent of children with CKD had abnormal 24-hour ABPM profiles, including nocturnal hypertension, increased BP load, and nondipping nocturnal BP. The urinary ARG-to-asymmetric dimethylarginine (ADMA) ratio was lower, and the ADMA-to-symmetric dimethylarginine (SDMA) ratio was higher in children with advanced CKD (stages 2-4) than those with stage 1 CKD. CKD patients with BP abnormalities also had reduced urinary ARG and dimethylamine (DMA) levels. The higher urinary (ADMA+SDMA)-to-ARG ratios were correlated to ABPM abnormalities, including increased systolic BP load and non-dipping nocturnal BP. ABPM abnormalities were significantly associated with a high urinary (ADMA+SDMA)-to-ARG ratio, suggesting the possible involvement of methylated ARG in the development of hypertension among children with CKD.
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High citrulline-to-arginine ratio associated with blood pressure abnormalities in children with early chronic kidney disease.
Circ. J.
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Nitric oxide (NO) is involved in hypertension and chronic kidney disease (CKD). NO synthase can metabolize L-arginine (ARG) to generate NO and L-citrulline (CIT). Two methylated ARG derivatives, asymmetric and symmetric dimethylarginine, are also involved in NO deficiency. Thus it was hypothesized that their combined ratios relate to blood pressure (BP) abnormalities in children with early CKD.
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Dielectrophoretic placement of quasi-zero-, one-, and two-dimensional nanomaterials into nanogap for electrical characterizations.
Electrophoresis
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DEP is one of promising techniques for positioning nanomaterials into the desirable location for nanoelectronic applications. In contrast, the lithography technique is commonly used to make ultra-thin conducting wires and narrow gaps but, due to the limit of patterning resolution, it is not feasible to make electrical contacts on ultra-small nanomaterials for a bottom-up device fabrication. Thus, integrating the lithography and dielectrophoresis, a real bottom-up fabrication can be achieved. In this work, the device with the nanogap in between two nanofinger-electrodes is made using electron-beam lithography from top down and the ultra-small nanomaterials, such as colloidal PbSe quantum dots, polyaniline nanofibers, and reduced-graphene-oxide flakes, are placed in the nanogap by DEP from bottom up. The threshold electric field for the DEP placement of PbSe nanocrystals was roughly estimated to be about 8.3 × 10(4) V/cm under our experimental configuration. After the DEP process, several procedures for reducing contact resistances are attempted and measurements of intrinsic electron transport in versatile nanomaterials are performed. It is experimentally confirmed that electron transport in both PbSe nanocrystal arrays and polyaniline nanofibers agrees well with Prof. Ping Shengs model of granular metallic conduction. In addition, electron transport in reduced-graphene-oxide flakes follows Motts 2D variable-range-hopping model. This study illustrates an integration of the electron-beam lithography and the DEP techniques for a precise manipulation of nanomaterials into electronic circuits for characterization of intrinsic properties.
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Augmented TLR2 expression on monocytes in both human Kawasaki disease and a mouse model of coronary arteritis.
PLoS ONE
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Kawasaki disease (KD) of unknown immunopathogenesis is an acute febrile systemic vasculitis and the leading cause of acquired heart diseases in childhood. To search for a better strategy for the prevention and treatment of KD, this study compared and validated human KD immunopathogenesis in a mouse model of Lactobacillus casei cell wall extract (LCWE)-induced coronary arteritis.
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Small-bore pigtail catheters for the treatment of primary spontaneous pneumothorax in young adolescents.
Emerg Med J
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Small-bore pigtail catheters have been found to be effective in the treatment of primary spontaneous pneumothorax (PSP) in adults. The aim of this study was to compare the effectiveness of small-bore pigtail and large-bore catheters in the treatment of PSP in young adolescents.
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What is Visualize?

JoVE Visualize is a tool created to match the last 5 years of PubMed publications to methods in JoVE's video library.

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We use abstracts found on PubMed and match them to JoVE videos to create a list of 10 to 30 related methods videos.

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In developing our video relationships, we compare around 5 million PubMed articles to our library of over 4,500 methods videos. In some cases the language used in the PubMed abstracts makes matching that content to a JoVE video difficult. In other cases, there happens not to be any content in our video library that is relevant to the topic of a given abstract. In these cases, our algorithms are trying their best to display videos with relevant content, which can sometimes result in matched videos with only a slight relation.