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Find video protocols related to scientific articles indexed in Pubmed.
Controlling quantum-dot light absorption and emission by a surface-plasmon field.
Opt Express
PUBLISHED: 11-18-2014
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The possibility for controlling both the probe-field optical gain and absorption, as well as photon conversion by a surface-plasmon-polariton near field is explored for a quantum dot located above a metal surface. In contrast to the linear response in the weak-coupling regime, the calculated spectra show an induced optical gain and a triply-split spontaneous emission peak resulting from the interference between the surface-plasmon field and the probe or self-emitted light field in such a strongly-coupled nonlinear system. Our result on the control of the mediated photon-photon interaction, very similar to the 'gate' control in an optical transistor, may be experimentally observable and applied to ultra-fast intrachip/interchip optical interconnects, improvement in the performance of fiber-optic communication networks, and developments of optical digital computers and quantum communications.
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Order-of-magnitude enhancement of intersubband photoresponse in a plasmonic quantum dot system.
Opt Lett
PUBLISHED: 08-01-2014
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The unprecedented ability of metallic subwavelength structures to confine and concentrate light into subwavelength spaces has led to new physics and exploration of novel devices. In this Letter, we demonstrate a 20 times enhancement of intersubband photoresponse in a InAs quantum dot (QD) system due to evanescently coupled plasmonic field. The resulting enhancement is accompanied by significant narrowing of photoresponse linewidth. The strong enhancement is attributed to efficient coupling of incident field to surface modes and to QDs, the presence of polarization-dependent absorption from QDs, and a fairly strong plasmon-QD interaction.
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Parallel rarebits: A novel, large-scale visual field screening method.
Clin Exp Optom
PUBLISHED: 05-02-2014
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Rarebit perimetry (RBP) is a computer-based perimetric testing program with sensitivity and specificity for detection of visual field defects comparable to traditional automated perimetry. To make large-scale screening more efficient, we developed a parallel rarebit perimetric method to screen groups of subjects simultaneously. We then used this method to report the mean hit rate (MHR) among subjects aged 13 to 19 years.
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A new era of catalysis: efficiency, value, and sustainability.
ChemSusChem
PUBLISHED: 04-28-2014
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Value proposition: Global warming and climate change urge the chemical industry to develop new processes, in which sustainability is a necessity and requirement. Catalysis is recognized to be one of the key technologies in enabling sustainability. This special issue, assembled by guest editors Soofing Chen and Shawn D. Lin, highlights some of the best work presented at "The 6th Asia-Pacific Congress on Catalysis (APCAT-6)", with as major theme "New Era of Catalysis: Efficiency, Value, and Sustainability".
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Artificial sunlight and ultraviolet light induced photo-epoxidation of propylene over V-Ti/MCM-41 photocatalyst.
Beilstein J Nanotechnol
PUBLISHED: 01-01-2014
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The light irradiation parameters, including the wavelength spectrum and intensity of light source, can significantly influence a photocatalytic reaction. This study examines the propylene photo-epoxidation over V-Ti/MCM-41 photocatalyst by using artificial sunlight (Xe lamp with/without an Air Mass 1.5 Global Filter at 1.6/18.5 mW·cm(-2)) and ultraviolet light (Mercury Arc lamp with different filters in the range of 0.1-0.8 mW·cm(-2)). This is the first report of using artificial sunlight to drive the photo-epoxidation of propylene. Over V-Ti/MCM-41 photocatalyst, the propylene oxide (PO) formation rate is 193.0 and 112.1 µmol·gcat (-1)·h(-1) with a PO selectivity of 35.0 and 53.7% under UV light and artificial sunlight, respectively. A normalized light utilization (NLU) index is defined and found to correlate well with the rate of both PO formation and C3H6 consumption in log-log scale. The light utilization with a mercury arc lamp is better than with a xenon lamp. The selectivity to PO remains practically unchanged with respect to NLU, suggesting that the photo-epoxidation occurs through the same mechanism under the conditions tested in this study.
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Light trapping and near-unity solar absorption in a three-dimensional photonic-crystal.
Opt Lett
PUBLISHED: 12-11-2013
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We report what is to our knowledge the first observation of the effect of parallel-to-interface-refraction (PIR) in a three-dimensional, simple-cubic photonic-crystal. PIR is an acutely negative refraction of light inside a photonic-crystal, leading to light-bending by nearly 90 deg over broad wavelengths (?). The consequence is a longer path length of light in the medium and an improved light absorption beyond the Lambertian limit. As an illustration of the effect, we show near-unity total absorption (?98%) in ?=520-620??nm and an average absorption of ?94% over ?=400-700??nm for our ?-Si:H photonic-crystal sample of an equivalent bulk thickness of t˜=450??nm. Furthermore, we have achieved an ultra-wide angular acceptance of light over ?=0°-80°. This demonstration opens up a new door for light trapping and near-unity solar absorption over broad ?s and wide angles.
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Direct observation of quasi-coherent thermal emission by a three-dimensional metallic photonic crystal.
Opt Lett
PUBLISHED: 03-19-2013
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We report a direct observation of a quasi-coherent thermal emission from a heated three-dimensional photonic-crystal sample. While the sample was under Joule heating, we observed multiple oscillations in its emission interferogram and deduced a coherent length of L(coh)?(20-40) ?m, 5-10 times longer than that of a blackbody at comparable wavelengths. The observed, relatively long coherent length is attributed to coupling of thermal emission into lossy Bloch modes that oscillate coherently over a distance determined by decay length and the slow light nature of Bloch modes at the band-edges.
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Experimental observation of extremely weak optical scattering from an interlocking carbon nanotube array.
Appl Opt
PUBLISHED: 05-03-2011
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We experimentally demonstrate a nearly wavelength-independent optical reflection from an extremely rough carbon nanotube sample. The sample is made of a vertically aligned nanotube array, is a super dark material, and exhibits a near-perfect blackbody emission at T=450 K-600 K. No other material exhibits such optical properties, i.e., ultralow reflectance accompanied by a lack of wavelength scaling behavior. This observation is a result of the lowest ever measured reflectance (R=0.0003) of the sample over a broad infrared wavelength of 3 ?m < ? < 13 ?m. This discovery may be attributed to the unique interlocking surface of the nanotube array, consisting of both a global, large scale and a short-range randomness.
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Efficient and directed Nano-LED emission by a complete elimination of transverse-electric guided modes.
Nano Lett.
PUBLISHED: 12-20-2010
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A key to the success of solid-state lighting is an ultraefficient light extraction, ?90%. Recent advances in nanotechnology, particularly in creating nanorods, present an unprecedented opportunity to manipulate optical modes at nanometer scales. Here, we report an optically pumped nanorod light-emitting diode (LED) with an ultrahigh extraction efficiency of 79% at ? = 460 nm without the use of either a back reflector or thin film technology. We demonstrated experimentally three key mechanisms for achieving high efficiency: guided mode-reduction, embedded quantum wells, and ultraefficient light out-coupling by the fundamental HE(11) mode. Furthermore, we show that size reduction at nanoscale represents a new degree-of-freedom for alternating and achieving a more directed LED emission.
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Three-dimensional inverted photonic grating with engineerable refractive indices for broadband antireflection of terahertz waves.
Opt Lett
PUBLISHED: 10-05-2010
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Reduction of reflection is of great importance in optical spectroscopy to reduce interference and increase throughput. Here we demonstrate a three-dimensional inverted photonic grating device design using only one material-silicon. Enhanced transmission compared to planar silicon wafers is observed from 0.2 THz to over 7.3 THz for a device with a 15 µm period, which covers most of the terahertz band, and its relative 3 dB bandwidth (?f/f(c)) is a noteworthy 116.3%. Moreover, the device is polarization independent and can perform up to a large incident angle.
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A surface plasmon enhanced infrared photodetector based on InAs quantum dots.
Nano Lett.
PUBLISHED: 04-22-2010
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In this paper, we report a successful realization and integration of a gold two-dimensional hole array (2DHA) structure with semiconductor InAs quantum dot (QD). We show experimentally that a properly designed 2DHA-QD photodetector can facilitate a strong plasmonic-QD interaction, leading to a 130% absolute enhancement of infrared photoresponse at the plasmonic resonance. Our study indicates two key mechanisms for the performance improvement. One is an optimized 2DHA design that permits an efficient coupling of light from the far-field to a localized plasmonic mode. The other is the close spatial matching of the QD layers to the wave function extent of the plasmonic mode. Furthermore, the processing of our 2DHA is amenable to large scale fabrication and, more importantly, does not degrade the noise current characteristics of the photodetector. We believe that this demonstration would bring the performance of QD-based infrared detectors to a level suitable for emerging surveillance and medical diagnostic applications.
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Experimental realization of plasmonic filters for multispectral and dual-polarization optical detection.
Opt Lett
PUBLISHED: 12-18-2009
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We report the design and implementation of a new class of plasmonic filters that are both wavelength and polarization selective. The plasmonic filter consists of a five-layer metallic photonic crystal structure and operates inside the photonic bandgap regime. We show that by manipulating the middle layer geometry alone, it is possible to tune the Fabry-Perot resonance over a broad spectral range (lambda=1.25to1.63 microm) and in a monolithic fashion. Furthermore, we show that the resonance has a definite polarization character that is determined by the orientation of the first layer grating. The plasmonic filter may be integrated with an array of photodetectors for high-throughput spectral and polarimetric imaging applications.
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Large enhancement of light-extraction efficiency from optically pumped, nanorod light-emitting diodes.
Opt Lett
PUBLISHED: 07-03-2009
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We report a threefold enhancement of light-emission intensity at lambda=460 nm and a 16-fold extraction-efficiency enhancement measured from a 2D array of nanorod LEDs. The nano-LEDs are randomly arranged and have a typical rod diameter of 100-250 nm. From a combination of photoluminescence, reflectance, and excitation power-dependence measurements, we show that the enhanced emission is due mainly to modification of the extraction efficiency, and not to that of the internal efficiency. Furthermore, we show that the extraction enhancement originates from the randomness of the 2D array that scatters light efficiently into the air and the smallness of the nanorods that eliminates the guiding modes that trap light.
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Strong light concentration at the subwavelength scale by a metallic hole-array structure.
Opt Lett
PUBLISHED: 02-27-2009
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A metallic two-dimensional hole-array (2DHA) sample is successfully fabricated and its transmission property measured at mid-infrared wavelengths (lambda ~ 1.5-20 microm). At the plasmonic resonance, the 2DHA sample exhibits a normal incidence transmittance of 80% at lambda = 7.6 microm. This corresponds to more than twice as much light that is transmitted as it impinges directly on the holes at the maxima of transmittance. This exceedingly large enhancement is attributed to a strong plasmonic resonance and an effective light concentration through an ultrathin metal film of 50 nm. This advancement will pave the way to a much enhanced infrared detection using a simple and compact 2DHA architecture.
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Chest wall reconstruction using implantable cross-linked porcine dermal collagen matrix (Permacol).
J. Pediatr. Surg.
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Chest wall reconstruction in children is typically accomplished with either primary tissue repair or synthetic mesh prostheses. Primary tissue repair has been associated with high rates of scoliosis, whereas synthetic prostheses necessitate the placement of a permanent foreign body in growing children. This report describes the use of biologic mesh (Permacol; Covidien, Mansfield, MA) as an alternative to both tissue repair and synthetic prostheses in pediatric chest wall reconstruction.
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Strong metal-support interactions between gold nanoparticles and ZnO nanorods in CO oxidation.
J. Am. Chem. Soc.
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The catalytic performances of supported gold nanoparticles depend critically on the nature of support. Here, we report the first evidence of strong metal-support interactions (SMSI) between gold nanoparticles and ZnO nanorods based on results of structural and spectroscopic characterization. The catalyst shows encapsulation of gold nanoparticles by ZnO and the electron transfer between gold and the support. Detailed characterizations of the interaction between Au nanoparticles and ZnO were done with transmission electron microscopy (TEM), X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS), X-ray absorption spectroscopy (XAS), electron paramagnetic resonance (EPR), and FTIR study of adsorbed CO. The significance of the SMSI effect is further investigated by probing the efficiency of CO oxidation over the Au/ZnO-nanorod. In contrast to the classical reductive SMSI in the TiO(2) supported group VIII metals which appears after high temperature reduction in H(2) with electron transfer from the support to metals, the oxidative SMSI in Au/ZnO-nanorod system gives oxygen-induced burial and electron transfer from gold to support. In CO oxidation, we found that the oxidative SMSI state is associated with positively charged gold nanoparticles with strong effect on its catalytic activity before and after encapsulation. The oxidative SMSI can be reversed by hydrogen treatment to induce AuZn alloy formation, de-encapsulation, and electron transfer from support to Au. Our discovery of the SMSI effects in Au/ZnO nanorods gives new understandings of the interaction between gold and support and provides new way to control the interaction between gold and the support as well as catalytic activity.
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What is Visualize?

JoVE Visualize is a tool created to match the last 5 years of PubMed publications to methods in JoVE's video library.

How does it work?

We use abstracts found on PubMed and match them to JoVE videos to create a list of 10 to 30 related methods videos.

Video X seems to be unrelated to Abstract Y...

In developing our video relationships, we compare around 5 million PubMed articles to our library of over 4,500 methods videos. In some cases the language used in the PubMed abstracts makes matching that content to a JoVE video difficult. In other cases, there happens not to be any content in our video library that is relevant to the topic of a given abstract. In these cases, our algorithms are trying their best to display videos with relevant content, which can sometimes result in matched videos with only a slight relation.