Dementia with Lewy bodies (DLB) is the second most common form of neurodegenerative dementia after Alzheimers disease (AD). DLB is characterised by intracytoplasmic inclusions called Lewy bodies that are often seen in the brainstem. Because modulation of the respiratory rhythm is one of the most important functions of the brainstem, patients with DLB may exhibit dysrhythmic breathing. This hypothesis has not yet been systematically studied. Therefore, we evaluated the association between DLB and dysrhythmic breathing.
A 50-year-old woman was admitted because of chest pain and lumbago. A chest X-ray film showed a 4-cm mass in the left lower lung field. Computed tomography scans revealed a nodule with spicule formation in the left lower lobe, and therefore we strongly suspected lung cancer. Fiberoptic bronchoscopy yielded a diagnosis of adenocarcinoma. However, since she had metrorrhagia we performed an endometrial biopsy. Histologically, the endometrium was similar to the lung lesion, with positive staining for thyroid transcription factor-1 (TTF-1), and lung cancer with endometrial metastasis was therefore diagnosed. Although lung cancer with endometrial metastasis is rare, it should be included in the differential diagnosis in patients with gynecological symptoms such as metrorrhagia.
Although dementia with Lewy bodies (DLB) is the second most common form of neurodegenerative dementia after Alzheimers disease (AD), the clinical diagnosis is frequently difficult. Because both REM sleep behavior disorders and Parkinsons disease also have alpha-synucleinopathy similar to DLB, and show an increase in periodic limb movements (PLM), we evaluated the association between DLB and PLM, which may serve as an additional information to differentiate AD and DLB.
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