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Find video protocols related to scientific articles indexed in Pubmed.
Stability analysis of electrical powered wheelchair-mounted robotic-assisted transfer device.
J Rehabil Res Dev
PUBLISHED: 11-07-2014
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The ability of people with disabilities to live in their homes and communities with maximal independence often hinges, at least in part, on their ability to transfer or be transferred by an assistant. Because of limited resources and the expense of personal care, robotic transfer assistance devices will likely be in great demand. An easy-to-use system for assisting with transfers, attachable to electrical powered wheelchairs (EPWs) and readily transportable, could have a significant positive effect on the quality of life of people with disabilities. We investigated the stability of our newly developed Strong Arm, which is attached and integrated with an EPW to assist with transfers. The stability of the system was analyzed and verified by experiments applying different loads and using different system configurations. The model predicted the distributions of the system's center of mass very well compared with the experimental results. When real transfers were conducted with 50 and 75 kg loads and an 83.25 kg dummy, the current Strong Arm could transfer all weights safely without tip-over. Our modeling accurately predicts the stability of the system and is suitable for developing better control algorithms to enhance the safety of the device.
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Association of Cataract with Chronic Rhinosinusitis: A Population-based Case-control Study.
Ophthalmic Epidemiol
PUBLISHED: 10-06-2014
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Abstract Purpose: To assess the association between cataract and chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS) using a population-based database.
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Allergic rhinitis is associated with open-angle glaucoma: a population-based case-control study.
Am J Rhinol Allergy
PUBLISHED: 09-09-2014
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Despite many reports linking allergic rhinitis (AR) to problems of the eye, the relationship between AR and open-angle glaucoma (OAG) has not been studied. The purpose of this epidemiology study was to provide an estimation of the association of OAG with AR by using a population-based data set in Taiwan.
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Increased healthcare service utilizations for patients with dementia: a population-based study.
PLoS ONE
PUBLISHED: 08-26-2014
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The majority of previous studies investigating the health care utilization of people with dementia were conducted in Western societies. There is little information on the economic burden on the healthcare system attributable to dementia in Asian countries. This study thus investigated differences in utilization of healthcare services between subjects with and those without a diagnosis of dementia using Taiwan's National Health Insurance population-based database.
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A randomized, prospective, sham-controlled study of localized narrow-band UVB phototherapy in the treatment of plaque psoriasis.
J Drugs Dermatol
PUBLISHED: 08-14-2014
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UV phototherapy remains a useful and frequently employed treatment for chronic plaque psoriasis. In those patients with plaque body surface area less than 10%, targeted treatment is the safest and most effective modality.
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Association between sudden sensorineural hearing loss and anxiety disorder: a population-based study.
Eur Arch Otorhinolaryngol
PUBLISHED: 08-13-2014
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Anxiety disorder (AD) is commonly associated with a number of physical illnesses. No previous study has investigated the association between AD and sudden sensorineural hearing loss (SSNHL). In this study, we investigated the association between prior AD and SSNHL using a population-based dataset in Taiwan. Sampled subjects of this case-control study were retrieved from the Taiwan "Longitudinal Health Insurance Database". We identified 3,522 patients who had a diagnosis of SSNHL as cases and 10,566 age- and gender-matched subjects without SSNHL as controls. A conditional logistic regression was used to calculate the odds ratio (OR) for having previously been diagnosed with AD between cases and controls. We found that of 14,088 patients, 13.4 % had a prior AD diagnosis, 17.8 and 11.9 % for the SSNHL group and controls, respectively. After adjusting for patient socioeconomic characteristics and comorbid medical disorders, SSNHL patients were more likely to have prior AD than the controls (OR 1.49, 95 % confidence interval (CI) 1.34-1.66, p < 0.001). Furthermore, we found that the significant relationship between SSNHL and prior AD decreased with age. The relationship was the most pronounced among those aged ?44 years, with an adjusted OR of 1.86 (95 % CI 1.48-2.33, p < 0.001) for cases compared to controls. We concluded that patients with SSNHL had a higher proportion of prior AD than non-SSNHL-diagnosed controls. Further study is needed to confirm our findings and explore the underlying pathomechanisms.
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Dementia is associated with iron-deficiency anemia in females: A population-based study.
J. Neurol. Sci.
PUBLISHED: 08-06-2014
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Cognitive derangement and neurological symptoms are observed in patients with anemia. Although it is still controversial, a few studies suggested that anemia may increase the risk of dementia. This study aimed to explore the association between iron-deficiency anemia (IDA) and dementia in a population-based case-control study. We retrieved our study sample from the Taiwan Longitudinal Health Insurance Database 2000. We extracted 8300 subjects with a diagnosis of dementia and 8300 age- and gender-matched controls. The results showed that there was a significant difference in the prevalence of prior IDA between cases and controls (6.0% vs. 3.8%, p<0.001). The conditional logistic regression analysis suggested that the odds ratio (OR) of prior IDA for cases was 1.36 (95% CI: 1.07-1.74) compared to controls after adjusting for subjects' monthly income, geographic location, urbanization level, hyperlipidemia, diabetes, hypertension, and alcohol abuse. Among female subjects, the adjusted OR of prior IDA for cases was as high as 2.00 (95% CI: 1.42-2.80) compared to controls. However, in men-no increased odds of prior IDA were observed, compared to controls. We concluded that women with dementia had a higher prevalence of prior IDA, compared to controls.
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Association between statin use and Bell's palsy: a population-based study.
Drug Saf
PUBLISHED: 08-01-2014
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Several reports mention that statin (HMG-CoA reductase inhibitor) use seems to be associated with several neurologic disorders and that the lipid-lowering effect of statins may contribute to some neural toxicity.
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A comparison of psoriasis drug failure rates and reasons for discontinuation in biologics vs conventional systemic therapies.
J Drugs Dermatol
PUBLISHED: 07-10-2014
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Although biologic therapies have been shown to be more effective than traditional systemic therapies in clinical trials for the treatment of psoriasis, the drug survival time and reasons for discontinuation of biologics in clinical practice have not been compared with those of conventional systemic therapies.
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Statin use and thyroid cancer: a population-based case-control study.
Clin. Endocrinol. (Oxf)
PUBLISHED: 06-02-2014
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Several observational studies raised the possibility that the use of statins may decrease the overall risk of cancer and of specific cancers. This study aimed to evaluate the association of statin use with thyroid cancer based on a population-based data set.
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Sudden sensorineural hearing loss associated with iron-deficiency anemia: a population-based study.
JAMA Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg
PUBLISHED: 03-15-2014
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IMPORTANCE Vascular events play a big part in the development of sudden sensorineural hearing loss (SSNHL), but only those associated with sickle-cell anemia have been previously associated with SSNHL. This study demonstrates an association between SSNHL and prior iron-deficiency anemia (IDA).OBJECTIVE To evaluate the association between IDA and SSNHL using a nationwide population-based database.DESIGN, SETTING, AND PARTICIPANTS In this case-control study in Taiwan, participants with SSNHL (n = 4004) were identified, and controls (n = 12 012) were randomly selected.MAIN OUTCOMES AND MEASURES Conditional logistic regression was used to calculate the ORs (95%CIs) for IDA in participants with SSNHL vs controls.RESULTS Of the 16 016 sampled participants, 533 (3.3%) had previously been diagnosed with IDA, including 172 (4.3%) participants with SSNHL and 361 (3.0%) controls. The ?2 test revealed a significant difference (P < .001) in the prevalence of prior IDA between participants with SSNHL and controls. By conditional logistic regression, we found that the OR for previous IDA among the participants with SSNHL was 1.34 (95%CI, 1.11-1.61) (P < .01)after adjusting for monthly income, geographic region, urbanization level, and comorbidities(ie, hypertension, diabetes, hyperlipidemia, renal disease, and coronary heart disease). The significant relationship between SSNHL and prior IDA was most pronounced among those 44 years or younger (adjusted OR, 1.91; 95%CI, 1.35-2.72) (P < .001) for the participants with SSNHL compared with controls, and the strength of this relationship decreased with age.CONCLUSIONS AND RELEVANCE There is an association between SSNHL and prior IDA.Patients with IDA, especially those younger than 60 years, should be more aggressively surveyed and managed to reduce hearing-related morbidities.
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Management of cutaneous human papillomavirus infection: pharmacotherapies.
Curr. Probl. Dermatol.
PUBLISHED: 03-13-2014
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A plethora of different treatment modalities for treating human papillomavirus (HPV) are available, offering a range of efficacies and balancing several patient needs. Here we discuss pharmacotherapies for HPV, focusing in particular on the mechanism of action and treatment efficacy. Immunomodulators such as Candida antigen, imiquimod and squaric acid stimulate cell-mediated immunity and induce production of antiviral cytokines. Proapoptotic and antiviral treatments such as podophyllin resin, podophyllotoxin gel, bleomycin, 5-fluorouracil, cidofovir and interferon ? interfere with the viral reproduction cycle. Other therapies include trichloroacetic acid, acitretin, cantharidin and sinecatechins, some of which operate by epidermal destruction, effects on cellular proliferation and other mechanisms of which are poorly understood. Overall, given the high HPV recurrence rates, adjunctive use of antiviral agents should be considered in treatment, especially when managing severe or complicated presentations.
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EGFR mediates docetaxel resistance in human castration-resistant prostate cancer through the Akt-dependent expression of ABCB1 (MDR1).
Arch. Toxicol.
PUBLISHED: 02-20-2014
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Recent studies have shown that docetaxel-based chemotherapy confers a survival benefit in patients with castration-resistant prostate cancer (PC). Also epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) was found to have multiple roles in prostatic tumorigenesis. However, the EGFR-mediated chemoresistance mechanism in human PC was not well delineated. In this study, we explored the mechanism of EGFR-mediated docetaxel resistance in PC. A series of stable docetaxel-resistant PC/DX sublines were established at our laboratory. The docetaxel IC50s of PC3 and PC/DX25 cells were 0.01 and 1.33 ?M, respectively. Cellular resistance to docetaxel was significantly associated with increased EGFR and EGFR activation in PC/DX25. There was a dose-dependent increase in EGFR expression associated with the magnitude of docetaxel resistance. Expression of EGFR in PC/DX25 was higher than that in PC3, RWPE-1 and LNCaP cells. Similar results were also found in human PC tissues by immunohistochemical staining. We showed that docetaxel sensitivity can be stored in PC/DX25 cells by knockdown and inactivation of EGFR expression through EGFR siRNA and specific inhibitors, respectively. Contrarily, overexpression of EGFR or recombinant EGF protein treatment could rescue PC3 cells from docetaxel-mediated cytotoxicity. Gefitninb (ZD1839) significantly inhibited the growth of PC/DX25 cells by MTT in vitro and on xenografted nude mice in vivo. Moreover, EGFR-mediated docetaxel resistance occurred through the Akt-dependent ABCB1 expression in PC cells. These findings demonstrated EGFR played an important role in docetaxel-resistant PC and EGFR inhibition may enhance the therapeutic efficacy of docetaxel-based treatment.
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Comorbidity profile of chronic rhinosinusitis: a population-based study.
Laryngoscope
PUBLISHED: 02-11-2014
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This study aimed to explore the prevalence of a broad spectrum of comorbid medical conditions among patients with chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS), using a population-based dataset.
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Percutaneous nephrolithotomy increases the risk of diabetes: a 5-year follow-up study.
Int. J. Urol.
PUBLISHED: 01-22-2014
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To examine the risk of diabetes mellitus within a 5-year period among patients with nephrolithiasis undergoing percutaneous nephrolithotomy .
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Prescriptions for category D and X drugs during pregnancy in Taiwan: a population-based study.
Pharmacoepidemiol Drug Saf
PUBLISHED: 01-22-2014
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This study aimed to investigate the most prescribed medications and principle diagnoses for category D and X drugs during pregnancy using a population-based dataset in Taiwan.
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Laparoendoscopic single-site (LESS) retroperitoneal partial adrenalectomy using a custom-made single-access platform and standard laparoscopic instruments: Technical considerations and surgical outcomes.
Asian J Surg
PUBLISHED: 01-14-2014
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We previously reported our initial experience with laparoendoscopic single-site (LESS) retroperitoneal partial adrenalectomy using a custom-made single-port device and conventional straight laparoscopic instruments.
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Association of dysmenorrhea with interstitial cystitis/bladder pain syndrome: a case-control study.
Acta Obstet Gynecol Scand
PUBLISHED: 01-06-2014
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Interstitial cystitis/bladder pain syndrome (IC/BPS) is a chronic disabling condition of the urological system. Many gynecological conditions are reported to be associated with IC/BPS. This study presents epidemiological evidence of a possible association between dysmenorrhea and IC/BPS, using population-based data.
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Herpes zoster is associated with prior statin use: a population-based case-control study.
PLoS ONE
PUBLISHED: 01-01-2014
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This study investigated the association between statin use and herpes zoster (HZ) occurrence in a population-based case-control study.
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Robot-assisted nephroureterectomy for upper tract urothelial carcinoma: the Taiwan Robot Urological Surgery Team (TRUST) experience.
World J Surg Oncol
PUBLISHED: 01-01-2014
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To report Taiwan's experience in robot-assisted laparoscopic nephroureterectomy (RANU) for upper tract urothelial carcinoma (UTUC).
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Increased risk of acute coronary syndrome among patients with urinary stone disease: a nationwide population-based cohort study.
PLoS ONE
PUBLISHED: 01-01-2014
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Urinary stones (US) are associated with systemic metabolic and endocrine disorders that share risk factors typically associated with acute coronary syndrome (ACS).
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Weekly and holiday-related patterns of panic attacks in panic disorder: a population-based study.
PLoS ONE
PUBLISHED: 01-01-2014
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While chronobiological studies have reported seasonal variation in panic attacks (PA) episodes, information on the timing of PA by week-days may enable better understanding of the triggers of PA episodes and thereby provide pointers for suitable interventional approaches to minimize PA attacks. This study investigated weekly variation in potential PA admissions including associations with holidays using a population-based longitudinal, administrative claims-based dataset in an Asian population.
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Increased risk of pneumonia in patients receiving gonadotropin-releasing hormone agonists for prostate cancer.
PLoS ONE
PUBLISHED: 01-01-2014
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This study aimed to investigate the relationship between the use of gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH) agonists and subsequent risk of pneumonia in patients with prostate cancer (PC) using a population-based dataset.
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Health care service utilization among patients with bladder pain syndrome/interstitial cystitis in a single payer healthcare system.
PLoS ONE
PUBLISHED: 01-01-2014
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This study aims to investigate the differences in the utilization of healthcare services between patients with bladder pain syndrome/interstitial cystitis (BPS/IC) and patients without using a population-based database in Taiwan.
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Increased serum C-reactive protein level is associated with increased storage lower urinary tract symptoms in men with benign prostatic hyperplasia.
PLoS ONE
PUBLISHED: 01-01-2014
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Chronic inflammation is considered as one of the contributing mechanisms of lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS). Serum C-reactive protein (CRP) level is the widely used biomarker of inflammatory status. This study investigated the association between serum CRP level in men with benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) and lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS) before and after medical treatment.
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Autonomous function of wheelchair-mounted robotic manipulators to perform daily activities.
IEEE Int Conf Rehabil Robot
PUBLISHED: 11-05-2013
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Autonomous functions for wheelchair-mounted robotic manipulators (WMRMs) allow a user to focus more on the outcome from the task - for example, eating or drinking, instead of moving robot joints through user interfaces. In this paper, we introduce a novel personal assistive robotic system based on a position-based visual servoing (PBVS) approach. The system was evaluated with a complete drinking task, which included recognizing the location of the drink, picking up the drink from a start location, conveying the drink to the proximity of the users mouth without spilling, and placing the drink back on the table. For a drink located in front of the wheelchair, the success rate was nearly 100%. Overall, the total time of completing drinking task is within 40 seconds.
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Laparoscopic Radical Prostatectomy Monotherapy, a More Aggressive Yet Less Invasive Option, Is Oncologically Effective in Selected Men with High-Risk Prostate Cancer Having Only One DAmico Risk Factor: Experience from an Asian Tertiary Referral Center.
J. Endourol.
PUBLISHED: 10-17-2013
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Abstract Purpose: To present oncologic results of laparoscopic radical prostatectomy (LRP) monotherapy for men with high-risk, localized prostate cancer, and to find factors associated with a good prognosis via surgery alone. Patients and Methods: Between 2002 and 2009, 241 men underwent LRP at an Asian tertiary referral center. Among them, we retrospectively identified 85 (35.3%) men who met the DAmicos high-risk criteria: Prostate-specific antigen level >20?ng/mL, Gleason score of 8 to 10, or clinical stage ?T2c. Perioperative parameters were analyzed against biochemical recurrence (BCR)-free survival. Results: At a median follow-up of 54 months, BCR developed in 28 (34.1%), with an actuarial BCR-free survival rate of 63.3% at 5 years. Pathologically, 37.6% of the men had organ-confined (OC) disease. Positive surgical margins (PSM) were identified in 49.4% of the patients. A favorable pathologic outcome, defined as OC(+)PSM(-), was observed in 24 patients and associated with a 5-year BCR-free survival rate of 87.0%, compared with 100%, 54.0%, and 46.4% in men with OC(+)PSM(+), OC(-)PSM(-) and OC(-)PSM(+) disease (log-rank, P=0.008). The overall positive lymph node rate was 14.1%. Men (65.9%) with only one DAmico risk factor had a 5-year BCR-free survival rate of 76.9%, compared with 34.6% in men (34.1%) with ?2 risk factors (log-rank, P<0.001). Conclusions: Radical prostatectomy monotherapy performed laparoscopically or robotically appears to be an option for high-risk prostate cancer, especially in men with a single DAmico risk factor. Men with ?2 risk factors are more prone for BCR to develop after surgery and may need second-line therapy.
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Healthcare service utilization among patients with chronic rhinosinusitis: A population-based study.
Laryngoscope
PUBLISHED: 09-12-2013
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Previous studies showed that chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS) accounts for billions of dollars in healthcare resource utilization. However, all such study estimates of the economic burden of CRS were based on subpopulations in Western societies. This study aimed to investigate differences in the utilization of healthcare services between subjects with CRS and comparison subjects using Taiwans National Health Insurance database.
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Prevalence of the metabolic syndrome in children with psoriatic disease.
Pediatr Dermatol
PUBLISHED: 09-09-2013
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Adults with psoriasis have a greater risk of developing metabolic syndrome (MetS) and cardiovascular disease (CVD), but few studies have investigated the prevalence of MetS and other risk factors for CVD in children with psoriasis. In an assessor-blinded study, 20 children ages 9-17 years with a current or previously documented history of psoriasis involving 5% or more of their body surface area or psoriatic arthritis were compared with a cohort of age- and sex-matched controls with benign nevi, warts, or acne. MetS, our primary endpoint, was defined by the presence of abnormal values in at least three of the following measures: triglycerides, high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C), fasting blood glucose (FBG), waist circumference, and blood pressure. Secondary endpoints included high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (hs-CRP), total cholesterol (TC), and low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C). Thirty percent (6/20) of children with psoriasis met the criteria for MetS, compared with 5% (1/20) of the control group (p < 0.05). Subjects with psoriasis had higher mean FBG (91.1 mg/dL) than the control group (82.9 mg/dL) (p = 0.01). There were no statistically significant differences in the other four components of MetS, BMI, BMI percentile, hs-CRP, TC, or LDL-C. The results of this trial demonstrate that children with psoriasis have higher rates of MetS than age- and sex-matched controls. It may therefore be important to evaluate children with psoriasis for components of MetS to prevent future CVD morbidity and mortality.
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Continuous versus intermittent therapy for moderate-to-severe psoriasis.
Clin. Exp. Rheumatol.
PUBLISHED: 09-03-2013
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Psoriasis is a chronic immune-mediated inflammatory disease of unknown etiology. Unlike other chronic inflammatory diseases receiving continuous treatment, psoriasis has traditionally been treated intermittently secondary to concern for cumulative toxicity of conventional systemic therapies. However, the development of targeted anti-inflammatory biologic agents allowed for continuous therapy for most patients. Herein, we review the literature for intermittent versus continuous use of widely available therapies for moderate-to-severe psoriasis: phototherapy, topical corticosteroids, conventional systemic therapies and biologic agents. These data support continuous treatment in biologic therapy, such as etanercept, adalimumab, infliximab, and ustekinumab. Intermittent therapy with biologic agents leads to decreased efficacy and sometimes increased side effects. When conventional systemic therapy is used continuously, it is more efficacious; however the data support intermittent use of methotrexate and cyclosporine due to cumulative toxicities. Psoriasis severity may wax and wane, but it is a chronic disease requiring continuous treatment for optimal control of inflammatory activity and to minimise cutaneous involvement.
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Comparison of the efficacy of biologics versus conventional systemic therapies in the treatment of psoriasis at a comprehensive psoriasis care center.
J Drugs Dermatol
PUBLISHED: 08-30-2013
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The efficacy of biologic treatment for psoriasis has not been compared to that of conventional systemic therapies and phototherapy outside of clinical trial settings.
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Increased Risk of Parkinson Disease Following a Diagnosis of Neovascular Age-Related Macular Degeneration: A Retrospective Cohort Study.
Am. J. Ophthalmol.
PUBLISHED: 07-30-2013
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To investigate the risk for Parkinson disease during a 3-year follow-up period after a diagnosis of neovascular age-related macular degeneration (AMD) using a nationwide population-based dataset in Taiwan.
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Development of an advanced mobile base for personal mobility and manipulation appliance generation II robotic wheelchair.
J Spinal Cord Med
PUBLISHED: 07-04-2013
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This paper describes the development of a mobile base for the Personal Mobility and Manipulation Appliance Generation II (PerMMA Gen II robotic wheelchair), an obstacle-climbing wheelchair able to move in structured and unstructured environments, and to climb over curbs as high as 8 inches. The mechanical, electrical, and software systems of the mobile base are presented in detail, and similar devices such as the iBOT mobility system, TopChair, and 6X6 Explorer are described.
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Functional assessment and performance evaluation for assistive robotic manipulators: Literature review.
J Spinal Cord Med
PUBLISHED: 07-04-2013
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The user interface development of assistive robotic manipulators can be traced back to the 1960s. Studies include kinematic designs, cost-efficiency, user experience involvements, and performance evaluation. This paper is to review studies conducted with clinical trials using activities of daily living (ADLs) tasks to evaluate performance categorized using the International Classification of Functioning, Disability, and Health (ICF) frameworks, in order to give the scope of current research and provide suggestions for future studies.
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Increased risk of ischemic stroke among women with bladder pain syndrome/interstitial cystitis: A cohort study from Taiwan.
Neurourol. Urodyn.
PUBLISHED: 06-13-2013
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Vascular factors are proposed in the etiology of bladder pain syndrome/interstitial cystitis (BPS/IC). In this study, we investigated the risk of stroke among women following a diagnosis of BPS/IC over 3 years of follow-up, compared to controls without a BPS/IC diagnosis.
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Increased risk for stroke in burn patients: A population-based one-year follow-up study.
Burns
PUBLISHED: 05-23-2013
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The study aimed to explore the frequency and risk of stroke following hospitalization for burn through the analysis of a population-based dataset in Taiwan.
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Augmentation enterocystoplasty is effective in relieving refractory ketamine-related bladder pain.
Neurourol. Urodyn.
PUBLISHED: 04-24-2013
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To report our early results of augmentation enterocystoplasty (AE) for severe bladder pain associated with chronic ketamine cystitis (KC).
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Bladder pain syndrome/interstitial cystitis increase the risk of coronary heart disease.
Neurourol. Urodyn.
PUBLISHED: 03-21-2013
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Vascular factor was proposed as being involved in the etiology of bladder pain syndrome/interstitial cystitis (BPS/IC). However, few studies have attempted to investigate the relationship between BPS/IC and cardiovascular disease. This study aimed to investigate the risk of coronary heart disease (CHD) among BPS/IC subjects during a 3-year follow-up period.
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Kidney transplantation from donors after cardiac death: an initial report of 71 cases from China.
Am. J. Transplant.
PUBLISHED: 03-06-2013
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Shortage of deceased donors is a severe problem in recent years in China especially in a culture in which brain death criteria is not widely accepted. Donation after cardiac death (DCD) has been reported to expand the donor pool despite higher rates of primary nonfunction (PNF) and delayed graft function (DGF) after transplantation. We collected 71 DCD kidney transplants performed at our hospital between February, 2007 and June, 2012 with aims to demonstrate the feasibility of DCD donation in China. All patients were followed up, and postoperative complications and graft loss were recorded. The PNF rate was 2.8%, and DGF rate was 28.2%. The 1- and 3-year graft survival was 95.7% and 92.4%. In conclusion, graft survival of DCD kidney transplantation in China is excellent despite of higher rates of PNF and DGF after transplantation.
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A case-control study on the association between bladder cancer and prior bladder calculus.
BMC Cancer
PUBLISHED: 03-04-2013
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Bladder calculus is associated with chronic irritation and inflammation. As there is substantial documentation that inflammation can play a direct role in carcinogenesis, to date the relationship between stone formation and bladder cancer (BC) remains unclear. This study aimed to examine the association between BC and prior bladder calculus using a population-based dataset.
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Obstructive Sleep Apnea Increases the Risk of Bladder Pain Syndrome/Interstitial Cystitis: A Population-Based Matched-Cohort Study.
Neurourol. Urodyn.
PUBLISHED: 01-29-2013
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AIMS: Previous studies indicated a possible association between bladder pain syndrome/interstitial cystitis (BPS/IC) and sleep disorders including sleep abnormalities with delayed onset of sleep, waking up before needed, and snoring. Nevertheless, no previous study has reported the association between obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) and BPS/IC. In this retrospective cohort study, we examined the risk of BPS/IC among subjects with OSA during a 3-year follow-up in Taiwan using a population-based dataset. METHODS: This study comprised 2,940 study subjects with OSA, and 29,400 randomly selected comparison subjects. We individually followed-up each sampled subject (n?=?32,340) for a 3-year period to identify those subjects who subsequently received a diagnosis of BPS/IC. A Cox proportional hazards regression model was constructed to estimate the risk of subsequent BPS/IC following a diagnosis of OSA. RESULTS: Incidences of BPS/IC during the 3-year follow-up period were 13.61 (95% confidence interval [CI]?=?7.37-23.13) and 3.60 (95% CI?=?2.06-4.39) for subjects with and those without OSA, respectively. After adjusting for diabetes, hypertension, coronary heart disease, obesity, hyperlipidemia, chronic pelvic pain, irritable bowel syndrome, fibromyalgia, chronic fatigue syndrome, depression, panic disorder, migraines, sicca syndrome, allergies, endometriosis, asthma, tobacco use disorder, and alcohol abuse, the stratified Cox proportional hazards regressions revealed that the hazard ratio for BPS/IC among subjects with OSA was 3.71 (95% CI?=?1.81-7.62, P?
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Association between prostate cancer and urinary calculi: a population-based study.
PLoS ONE
PUBLISHED: 01-25-2013
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Understanding the reasons underlying the emerging trend and the changing demographics of Asian prostate cancer (PC) has become an important field of study. This study set out to explore the possibility that urinary calculi (UC) and PC may share an association by conducting a case-control study on a population-based database in Taiwan.
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Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder increased the risk of injury: a population-based follow-up study.
Acta Paediatr.
PUBLISHED: 01-21-2013
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To explore the frequency and risk for injury among children with Attention-deficit/hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) in Taiwan through a population-based study.
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Bladder pain syndrome/interstitial cystitis is associated with anxiety disorder.
Neurourol. Urodyn.
PUBLISHED: 01-17-2013
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Recent research demonstrated that bladder pain syndrome/interstitial cystitis (BPS/IC) is associated with many coexisting physical and psychiatric conditions. In this study, we explored the potential association between anxiety disorder (AD) and BPS/IC using a case-controlled population-based approach in Taiwan.
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Increased risk of pneumonia following pyogenic liver abscess: a nationwide population-based study.
Int. J. Infect. Dis.
PUBLISHED: 01-17-2013
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This nationwide study aimed to estimate the risk of pneumonia during a 90-day period following diagnosis with pyogenic liver abscess (PLA) compared to individuals who did not suffer PLA.
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Laparoendoscopic single-site versus conventional laparoscopic total extraperitoneal hernia repair: a prospective randomized clinical trial.
Surg Endosc
PUBLISHED: 01-14-2013
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This study aimed to compare laparoendoscopic single-site (LESS) total extraperitoneal (TEP) repair with conventional laparoscopic TEP repair for the treatment of inguinal hernias. To date, no other studies have compared the LESS and conventional laparoscopic TEP approaches for the treatment of inguinal hernia in a prospective randomized study setting.
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Association between Ischemic Stroke and Iron-Deficiency Anemia: A Population-Based Study.
PLoS ONE
PUBLISHED: 01-01-2013
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Very little is known about the relationship between non-sickle cell anemia and stroke. The purpose of this study is to evaluate the association of iron-deficiency anemia (IDA) with stroke based on a nationwide coverage database in Taiwan.
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Bladder pain syndrome/interstitial cystitis is associated with hyperthyroidism.
PLoS ONE
PUBLISHED: 01-01-2013
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Although the etiology of bladder pain syndrome/interstitial cystitis (BPS/IC) is still unclear, a common theme with BPS/IC patients is comorbid disorders which are related to the autonomic nervous system that connects the nervous system to end-organs. Nevertheless, no study to date has reported the association between hyperthyroidism and BPS/IC. In this study, we examined the association of IC/BPS with having previously been diagnosed with hyperthyroidism in Taiwan.
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Routine endoscopy for esophageal cancer is suggestive for patients with oral, oropharyngeal and hypopharyngeal cancer.
PLoS ONE
PUBLISHED: 01-01-2013
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This study attempted to reveal the incidence and risk of synchronous and metachronous esophageal cancer in subjects with oral, oropharyngeal and hypopharyngeal cancer based on a population-wide database in Taiwan.
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Zolpidem Use and the Risk of Injury: A Population-Based Follow-Up Study.
PLoS ONE
PUBLISHED: 01-01-2013
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While an association between zolpidem use and fracture and road accident was previously proposed, this study aimed to further explore the frequency and risk of a wide spectrum of injuries in subjects prescribed with zolpidem in Taiwan.
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Association between chronic prostatitis/chronic pelvic pain syndrome and anxiety disorder: a population-based study.
PLoS ONE
PUBLISHED: 01-01-2013
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This case-control study utilized a population-based dataset to examine the association of chronic prostatitis/chronic pelvic pain syndrome (CP/CPPS) with prior anxiety disorder (AD) by comparing the risk of prior AD between subjects with CP/CPPS and matched controls in Taiwan.
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Etanercept: efficacy and safety for approved indications.
Expert Opin Drug Saf
PUBLISHED: 11-11-2011
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Etanercept is a tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-?) inhibitor, which is approved for the treatment of immune-mediated inflammatory conditions including rheumatoid arthritis (RA), juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA), psoriatic arthritis (PsA), ankylosing spondylitis (AS) and psoriasis (PsO).
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Psoriasis and the risk of erectile dysfunction: a population-based case-control study.
J Sex Med
PUBLISHED: 10-24-2011
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Psoriasis is associated with systemic metabolic and cardiovascular disorders, both of which share risk factors with erectile dysfunction (ED). However, few studies have investigated the association between ED and psoriasis.
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Population-based estimates of medical comorbidities in erectile dysfunction in a Taiwanese population.
J Sex Med
PUBLISHED: 10-13-2011
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Erectile dysfunction (ED) is usually associated with systemic disorders. This population-based study supports and expands on previous research. It also presents data in a Taiwanese male population where existing data on this topic remain sparse.
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Hormone therapy for prostate cancer and the risk of stroke: a 5-year follow-up study.
BJU Int.
PUBLISHED: 08-24-2011
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To examine the 5-year risk of stroke among patients with prostate cancer (PC) receiving androgen deprivation therapy (ADT) in Taiwan, using a population-based dataset.
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Assessor-blinded study of the metabolic syndrome and surrogate markers of increased cardiovascular risk in children with moderate-to-severe psoriasis compared with age-matched population of children with warts.
J Drugs Dermatol
PUBLISHED: 08-06-2011
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Adult patients with psoriasis have an increased prevalence of the metabolic syndrome (MetS) and cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk factors due to elevations of Tumor Necrosis Factor and other inflammatory cytokines.1,2 Recently, higher rates of hyperlipidemia, obesity, hypertension, and diabetes mellitus were seen in patients with juvenile psoriasis.3 Here, we report the interim results of an ongoing study of MetS and CVD risk factors in pediatric psoriasis patients.
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Association between urinary calculi and erectile dysfunction: a case-control study.
J Sex Med
PUBLISHED: 08-02-2011
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Stone disease is associated with systemic metabolic and hormonal disorders that share common risk factors with erectile dysfunction (ED); however, few studies have investigated the association between ED and urinary calculi (UC).
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Retroperitoneoscopic laparo-endoscopic single-site radical nephrectomy (RLESS-RN): initial experience with a homemade port.
World J Surg Oncol
PUBLISHED: 07-18-2011
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We successfully performed 6 LESS radical nephrectomy via the retroperitoneal approach (RLESS) using the Alexis wound retractor as a single access with conventional laparoscopic instruments. The results demonstrated that our RLESS technique of radical nephrectomy is a safe and feasible procedure for management of localized renal cancer.
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A comparative study of multiport versus laparoendoscopic single-site adrenalectomy for benign adrenal tumors.
Surg Endosc
PUBLISHED: 06-29-2011
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The safety and feasibility of laparoendoscopic single-site (LESS) adrenalectomy for benign adrenal lesions was proved in early clinical series. However, the advantages of LESS over multiport laparoscopic adrenalectomy still are under investigation.
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Bladder migration of Hem-o-Lok clips after laparoscopic radical nephroureterectomy and bladder cuff excision.
Surg Laparosc Endosc Percutan Tech
PUBLISHED: 06-10-2011
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The Hem-o-Lok clips are widely used in various laparoscopic operations because of its easy application and secure clamping. The Hem-o-Lok clips were adopted to ligate bladder cuff during bladder cuff excision because of its advantages. We report 2 cases of bladder migration of Hem-o-Lok clips after laparoscopic nephroureterectomy and bladder cuff excision. The clips were found during routine follow-up cystoscopy and were removed by cystoscopic procedure. We described the case presentation, treatment, and the alternative method to avoid such shortcomings.
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Hyperthyroidism and female urinary incontinence: a population-based cohort study.
Clin. Endocrinol. (Oxf)
PUBLISHED: 06-01-2011
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The imbalanced autonomic nervous system present in hyperthyroidism may cause lower urinary tract symptoms. Urinary incontinence (UI) is the most bothersome lower urinary tract symptom; however, in the literature, reports regarding urinary dysfunction and/or incontinence among hyperthyroid patients are scarce. This population-based cohort study aimed to examine the relationship between hyperthyroidism in women and the risk of developing UI in Taiwan.
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Open-angle glaucoma and the risk of erectile dysfunction: a population-based case-control study.
Ophthalmology
PUBLISHED: 05-17-2011
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Open-angle glaucoma (OAG) is associated with systemic metabolic and cardiovascular disorders, and both share common risk factors with erectile dysfunction (ED). However, few studies have investigated the association of ED with OAG. This study aimed to estimate the association of ED with prior OAG by using a nationwide, population-based data with a retrospective case-control cohort design in Taiwan.
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Urgency severity scale could predict urodynamic detrusor overactivity in patients with overactive bladder syndrome.
Neurourol. Urodyn.
PUBLISHED: 05-10-2011
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To evaluate the correlation between an urgency severity scale (USS) based on a voiding diary with detrusor overactivity (DO) in a videourodynamic study in patients with an overactive bladder (OAB).
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Increased risk of depressive disorder following the diagnosis of benign prostatic enlargement: one-year follow-up study.
J Affect Disord
PUBLISHED: 04-28-2011
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In previous studies, benign prostatic enlargement (BPE) and urinary tract symptoms were demonstrated to be associated with depressive symptoms. However, no longitudinal follow-up study to date has evaluated the relationship between BPE and the subsequent risk of developing depressive disorder. This nationwide, population-based study aimed to prospectively examine the relationship between a history of BPE and the risk of developing depressive disorder.
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Minilaparoscopic varicocelectomy with preservation of testicular artery and lymphatic vessels by using intracorporeal knot-tying technique: five-year experience.
World J Surg
PUBLISHED: 04-28-2011
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In this study we present our experience using minilaparoscopic intracorporeal knot tying to ligate internal spermatic veins (ISV) while sparing the spermatic artery and lymphatics.
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Feasibility and safety of retroperitoneoscopic laparoendoscopic single-site nephrectomy: technique and early outcomes.
BJU Int.
PUBLISHED: 03-28-2011
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Whats known on the subject? and What does the study add? Laparoendoscopic single-site (LESS) nephrectomy is feasible to remove diseased kidneys. Most of such procedures previously reported were performed through a transperitoneal (trans-abdominal) approach. We report the feasibility, safety, and techniques of performing such operations without disturbing the bowels (a retroperitoneal LESS approach). This approach provides acceptable operative outcomes, and is especially valuable for patients who need to have an intact peritoneal envelope, or those with potentially abnormal or obliterated peritoneal space.
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Increased risk of diabetes in patients with urinary calculi: a 5-year followup study.
J. Urol.
PUBLISHED: 03-24-2011
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No prospective followup study to date to our knowledge has evaluated the relationship between stone disease and the subsequent risk of diabetes mellitus. In this population based study we examine the relationship between a history of urinary calculi and the risk of diabetes mellitus in Taiwan.
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Serum C-reactive protein levels are associated with residual urgency symptoms in patients with benign prostatic hyperplasia after medical treatment.
Urology
PUBLISHED: 03-18-2011
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Urinary urgency is a common and bothersome symptom in patients with benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH); this symptom may persist even after medical treatment. Chronic inflammation has been reported to be associated with the pathogenesis of BPH and lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS). We investigate the association between serum C-reactive protein (CRP) level and residual urgency symptoms in BPH patients after medical treatment.
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Intensity modulated radiotherapy for elderly bladder cancer patients.
Radiat Oncol
PUBLISHED: 03-12-2011
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To review our experience and evaluate treatment planning using intensity-modulated radiotherapy (IMRT) and helical tomotherapy (HT) for the treatment of elderly patients with bladder cancer.
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What is Visualize?

JoVE Visualize is a tool created to match the last 5 years of PubMed publications to methods in JoVE's video library.

How does it work?

We use abstracts found on PubMed and match them to JoVE videos to create a list of 10 to 30 related methods videos.

Video X seems to be unrelated to Abstract Y...

In developing our video relationships, we compare around 5 million PubMed articles to our library of over 4,500 methods videos. In some cases the language used in the PubMed abstracts makes matching that content to a JoVE video difficult. In other cases, there happens not to be any content in our video library that is relevant to the topic of a given abstract. In these cases, our algorithms are trying their best to display videos with relevant content, which can sometimes result in matched videos with only a slight relation.