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Find video protocols related to scientific articles indexed in Pubmed.
Adenocarcinoma originating from a completely isolated duplication cyst of the mesentery in an adult.
Intest Res
PUBLISHED: 10-27-2014
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Alimentary tract duplications are uncommon congenital abnormalities that usually have an anatomical connection with some part of the gastrointestinal tract and have a common blood supply with the adjacent segment of intestine. A completely isolated duplication cyst (CIDC) is a very rare type of gastrointestinal duplication that does not communicate with the normal bowel segment and possesses its own exclusive blood supply. Only 5 CIDC cases in adults have been reported in the English medical literature. Additionally, only 1 case of mucinous cystadenoma from an infected CIDC of the ileum has been reported. This report describes a 52-year-old male patient with a peritoneal CIDC, which upon curative excision was found to have given rise to an adenocarcinoma. The latter was lined internally with malignant glandular cells and contained a smooth muscular outer layer as determined by microscopic examination of the tissue. We believe that this is the first reported case of an adenocarcinoma originating from a CIDC in an adult.
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Problems associated with alloplastic materials in rhinoplasty.
Yonsei Med. J.
PUBLISHED: 10-18-2014
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Augmentation rhinoplasty using alloplastic materials is a relatively common procedure among Asians. Silicon, expanded polytetrafluoroethylene (Gore-tex®), and porous high density polyethylene (Medpor®) are most frequently used materials. This study was conducted to analyze revisional rhinoplasty cases with alloplastic materials, and to investigate the usage of alloplastic materials and their complications. We also reviewed complications caused by various materials used in plastic surgery while operating rhinoplasty.
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Patients with Crohn's disease on anti-tumor necrosis factor therapy are at significant risk of inadequate response to the 23-valent pneumococcal polysaccharide vaccine.
J Crohns Colitis
PUBLISHED: 09-30-2014
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The effect of immunosuppressants on the efficacy of a variety of vaccines is a controversial issue in patients with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). In this study we determined whether specific immunosuppressants impair the serological response to the standard 23-valent pneumococcal polysaccharide vaccine (PPSV23) in a large cohort of patients with Crohn's disease (CD).
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Risk factors and clinical outcomes for spontaneous rupture of pyogenic liver abscess.
J Dig Dis
PUBLISHED: 09-13-2014
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To evaluate risk factors and clinical outcomes for spontaneous rupture of pyogenic liver abscess.
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Protective Efficacy of a Single Dose of Baculovirus Hemagglutinin-Based Vaccine in Chickens and Ducks Against Homologous and Heterologous H5N1 Virus Infections.
Viral Immunol.
PUBLISHED: 09-11-2014
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Abstract Outbreaks of the highly pathogenic H5N1 virus in poultry and humans are ongoing. Vaccination is an efficient method for prevention of H5N1 infection. Using chickens and ducks, we assessed the efficacy of a vaccine comprising H5N1 hemagglutinin (HA) protein produced in a baculovirus expression system. The immunized chickens and ducks were protected against lethal infection by H5N1 in an antigen dose-dependent manner. Complete protection against homologous challenge and partial protection against heterologous challenge were achieved in chickens immunized with 5??g HA protein and in ducks immunized with 10??g HA protein. The IgG antibody subtype was mainly detected in the sera and tissues, including the lungs. The neuraminidase (NA) inhibition assay was negative in immunized chickens and ducks. Our results indicated that the expressed HA protein by baculovirus was immunogenic to both chickens and ducks, and the immunized chickens and ducks were protected from the lethal infections of highly pathogenic H5N1 influenza virus, though ducks required more HA protein than chickens to be protected. Also, baculovirus HA-vaccinated poultry can be differentiated from infected poultry by NA inhibition assay.
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Recovering valuable metals from recycled photovoltaic modules.
J Air Waste Manag Assoc
PUBLISHED: 08-16-2014
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Recovering valuable metals such as Si, Ag, Cu, and Al has become a pressing issue as end-of-life photovoltaic modules need to be recycled in the near future to meet legislative requirements in most countries. Of major interest is the recovery and recycling of high-purity silicon (> 99.9%) for the production of wafers and semiconductors. The value of Si in crystalline-type photovoltaic modules is estimated to be -$95/kW at the 2012 metal price. At the current installed capacity of 30 GW/yr, the metal value in the PV modules represents valuable resources that should be recovered in the future. The recycling of end-of-life photovoltaic modules would supply > 88,000 and 207,000 tpa Si by 2040 and 2050, respectively. This represents more than 50% of the required Si for module fabrication. Experimental testwork on crystalline Si modules could recover a > 99.98%-grade Si product by HNO3/NaOH leaching to remove Al, Ag, and Ti and other metal ions from the doped Si. A further pyrometallurgical smelting at 1520 degrees C using CaO-CaF2-SiO2 slag mixture to scavenge the residual metals after acid leaching could finally produce > 99.998%-grade Si. A process based on HNO3/NaOH leaching and subsequent smelting is proposed for recycling Si from rejected or recycled photovoltaic modules. Implications: The photovoltaic industry is considering options of recycling PV modules to recover metals such as Si, Ag, Cu, Al, and others used in the manufacturing of the PV cells. This is to retain its "green" image and to comply with current legislations in several countries. An evaluation of potential resources made available from PV wastes and the technologies used for processing these materials is therefore of significant importance to the industry. Of interest are the costs of processing and the potential revenues gained from recycling, which should determine the viability of economic recycling of PV modules in the future.
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Analysis of rotavirus genotypes in Korea during 2013: An increase in the G2P[4] genotype after the introduction of rotavirus vaccines.
Vaccine
PUBLISHED: 08-02-2014
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Group A rotavirus is the leading cause of acute gastroenteritis in children worldwide. We investigated G and P genotypes of group A rotavirus strains isolated from patients during 2013 and investigated which genotypes were identified from vaccinated patients.
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The prevalence of cardiovascular disease risk factors and the Framingham Risk Score in patients undergoing percutaneous intervention over the last 17 years by gender: time-trend analysis from the Mayo Clinic PCI Registry.
J Prev Med Public Health
PUBLISHED: 07-31-2014
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This study aims to investigate trends of cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk factor profiles over 17 years in percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) patients at the Mayo Clinic.
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Changes in the incidence of Streptococcus pneumoniae bacteremia and its serotypes over 10 years in one hospital in South Korea.
Vaccine
PUBLISHED: 07-14-2014
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Here, we examined the distribution of pneumococcal serotypes and the antibiotic susceptibility of Streptococcus pneumoniae in clinical blood isolates. The serotypes of 91 S. pneumoniae blood isolates, collected from January 2003 to March 2014, were identified by multiplex PCR and sequencing. The most common serotypes were 19F, 19A, 3, 4, and 14, accounting for 53.8% of the total. The serotype coverage rates of pneumococcal conjugated vaccine (PCV) 7, PCV10, and PCV13 were different during three test periods: 38.7%, 70.9%, and 93.5% in period I (2003-2005), 46.8%, 50.0%, and 75.0% in period II (2006-2008), and 28.5%, 32.1%, and 64.2% in period III (2009-2014), respectively. By contrast, the number of non-PCV13 serotypes increased from 6.4% in period I to 25% and 35.7% in periods II and III, respectively. The susceptibility of non-PCV13 serotypes to antimicrobial agents (penicillin, erythromycin, cefotaxime, and meropenem) was higher than that of PCV serotypes. In particular, non-PCV13 serotypes showed 100% and 95% susceptibility to penicillin and cefotaxime, respectively. Serotypes 19A and 19F showed high prevalence (79.1%) among 24 multi-drug resistant (MDR) isolates. Notably, all serotype 19A isolates were MDR. From January 2003 to March 2014, the proportion of non-PCV13 serotype pneumococci in blood isolates increased whereas the coverage rate of PCV13 decreased. Effective pneumococcal vaccines are required to protect against MDR serotype 19A isolates and the increasing number of non-PCV13 serotypes.
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Effects of sildenafil on nanostructural and nanomechanical changes in mitochondria in an ischaemia-reperfusion rat model.
Clin. Exp. Pharmacol. Physiol.
PUBLISHED: 07-14-2014
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Sildenafil exerts cardioprotective effects by activating the opening of mitochondrial ATP-sensitive potassium channels to attenuate ischaemia-reperfusion (IR) injury. In the present study, we used atomic force microscopy (AFM) to investigate changes in mitochondrial morphology and properties to assess sildenafil-mediated cardioprotection in a rat myocardial infarction model. To investigate the cardioprotective effects of sildenafil, we used an in vivo Sprague-Dawley rat model of IR. Rats were randomly divided into three groups: (i) sham-operated rats (control; n = 5); (ii) IR-injured rats treated with vehicle (normal saline; IR; n = 10); and (iii) IR-injured rats treated with 0.75 mg/kg, i.p., sildenafil (IR + Sil; n = 10). Morphological and mechanical changes to mitochondria were analysed by AFM. Infarct areas were significantly reduced in sildenafil-treated rats (7.8 ± 3.9% vs 20.4 ± 7.0% in the sildenafil-treated and untreated IR groups, respectively; relative reduction 62%; P < 0.001). Analysis of mitochondria by AFM showed that IR injury significantly increased the areas of isolated mitochondria compared with control (24 150 ± 18 289 vs 1495 ± 1139 nm(2) , respectively; P < 0.001), indicative of mitochondrial swelling. Pretreatment with sildenafil before IR injury reduced the mitochondrial areas (7428 ± 3682 nm(2) ; P < 0.001; relative reduction 69.2% compared with the IR group) and ameliorated the adhesion force of mitochondrial surfaces. Together, these results suggest that sildenafil has cardioprotective effects against IR injury in a rat model by improving the morphological and mechanical characteristics of mitochondria.
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Clinical outcomes of gastric variceal obliteration using N-butyl-2-cyanoacrylate in patients with acute gastric variceal hemorrhage.
Korean J. Intern. Med.
PUBLISHED: 06-27-2014
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To evaluate the long-term efficacy and safety of endoscopic injection of N-butyl-2-cyanoacrylate (NBC; Histoacryl) for treatment of bleeding gastric varices.
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Assessment of biochemical markers in the early post-burn period for predicting acute kidney injury and mortality in patients with major burn injury: comparison of serum creatinine, serum cystatin-C, plasma and urine neutrophil gelatinase-associated lipocalin.
Crit Care
PUBLISHED: 06-24-2014
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The reported mortality rates range from 28% to 100% in burn patients who develop acute kidney injury (AKI) and from 50% to 100% among such patients treated with renal replacement therapy. Recently, the serum cystatin C and plasma and urine neutrophil gelatinase-associated lipocalin (NGAL) levels have been introduced as early biomarkers for AKI; the levels of these biomarkers are known to increase 24 to 48 hours before the serum creatinine levels increase. In this study, we aimed to estimate the diagnostic utility of the cystatin C and plasma and urine NGAL levels in the early post-burn period as biomarkers for predicting AKI and mortality in patients with major burn injuries.
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Pretreatment antimicrobial susceptibility-guided vs. clarithromycin-based triple therapy for Helicobacter pylori eradication in a region with high rates of multiple drug resistance.
Am. J. Gastroenterol.
PUBLISHED: 06-22-2014
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Helicobacter pylori eradication rates with clarithromycin-based triple therapy are declining, and an alternative strategy is needed urgently. We sought to compare the efficacy of pretreatment antimicrobial susceptibility-guided vs. clarithromycin-based triple therapy for H. pylori eradication in a region with high rates of multiple drug resistance.
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Feasibility of Cap-Assisted Endoscopic Retrograde Cholangiopancreatography in Patients with Altered Gastrointestinal Anatomy.
Gut Liver
PUBLISHED: 06-18-2014
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Endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) is technically challenging in patients with altered gastrointestinal (GI) anatomy. We evaluated the feasibility of cap-assisted ERCP in patients with altered GI anatomy.
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Dietary intake of calcium and phosphorus and serum concentration in relation to the risk of coronary artery calcification in asymptomatic adults.
Arterioscler. Thromb. Vasc. Biol.
PUBLISHED: 06-12-2014
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The current data regarding the association between calcium and phosphorus and cardiovascular disease are lacking. The aim of this study was to explore whether dietary calcium and phosphorus intake and their serum levels are associated with the prevalence of coronary artery calcification (CAC) using cardiac computed tomography in asymptomatic participants without a history of chronic kidney disease or cardiovascular disease.
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Low pepsinogen I level predicts multiple gastric epithelial neoplasias for endoscopic resection.
Gut Liver
PUBLISHED: 05-16-2014
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Synchronous/metachronous gastric epithelial neoplasias (GENs) in the remaining lesion can develop at sites other than the site of endoscopic resection. In the present study, we aimed to investigate the predictive value of serum pepsinogen for detecting multiple GENs in patients who underwent endoscopic resection.
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Variation in meal-skipping rates of Korean adolescents according to socio-economic status: results of the Korea Youth Risk Behavior Web-based Survey.
J Prev Med Public Health
PUBLISHED: 04-30-2014
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To identify and evaluate the trend of meal-skipping rates among Korean adolescents with their contributing causes and the influence of household income level on meal skipping.
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A case of ascending colonic xanthoma presenting as a lateral spreading tumor.
Intest Res
PUBLISHED: 04-29-2014
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Gastrointestinal xanthomas are characterized by foamy cytoplasmic cells containing lipid in lamina propria, and occur almost in the gastric mucosa. Colonic xanthomas have been described in rare case. All reported colonic xanthomas were located in rectosigmoid. Rectosigmoid xanthomas have tended to exhibit small polypoid lesion, on the contrary flat in stomach. We report a case of xanthoma on ascending colon presenting as a laterally spreading tumor resected by endoscopic mucosal resection method.
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Histopathology of Pneumocystis carinii pneumonia in immunocompetent laboratory rats.
Exp Ther Med
PUBLISHED: 04-29-2014
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The occurrence of idiopathic pulmonary lesions in laboratory rats, characterized by lymphohistiocytic interstitial pneumonia with dense perivascular lymphoid cuffs, has been reported over the past decade. Although the term rat respiratory virus (RRV) was adopted to confer a putative viral etiology to the idiopathic pulmonary lesions, the etiology of this disease remains to be elucidated. Recently, inflammatory lesions have been observed in the lungs of immunocompetent laboratory rats similar to those previously described. Based on the latest evidence indicating that Pneumocystis carinii (P. carinii), and not putative RRV, causes infectious interstitial pneumonia in laboratory rats, the present study investigated whether the pulmonary lesions observed were caused by P. carinii infection. Male Sprague-Dawley rats, free of known pathogens, were introduced into a rat colony positive for RRV-type lesions. Routine histopathological examinations were performed on the rat lung tissues following exposure. The presence of Pneumocystis organisms was confirmed using Grocott's methenamine silver (GMS) staining. At week 3 following introduction, a few small lymphoid aggregates were located adjacent to the edematous vascular sheath. By week 5, foci of dense perivascular lymphoid cuffing were observed. Multifocal lymphohistiocytic interstitial pneumonia and prominent lymphoid perivascular cuffs were observed between week 7 and 10. GMS staining confirmed the presence of Pneumocystis cysts. Thus, the results of the present study demonstrated that P. carinii caused lymphohistiocytic interstitial pneumonia in a group of laboratory rats. The observations strongly support the conclusion that P. carinii infection in immunocompetent laboratory rats causes the lung lesions that were previously attributed to RRV.
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[Gender-specific colorectal cancer: epidemiologic difference and role of estrogen].
Korean J Gastroenterol
PUBLISHED: 04-24-2014
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Gender difference in the incidence of colorectal cancer is well known and has been supported by various epidemiologic studies. In Korea, women have lower incidence of colorectal cancer and adenoma, and the incidence in men has recently increased. Hormone replacement therapy in menopausal women is preventive of colorectal cancer but can cause cardiovascular diseases and breast cancer. Estrogen exerts diverse effects through estrogen receptors, ER? and ER?. ER? is associated with anti-proliferation and apoptosis. The ratio of ER?/ER? is important in the protection and tumorigenesis of colorectal cancer. Therefore ER? modulation has been investigated for preventing or treating colorectal cancer and avoiding adverse effects of estrogen at the same time. In addition, the gender-difference in the incidence of colorectal cancer should be taken into account when making guidelines on colorectal surveillance for Korean population.
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Analysis of reporting time for identification of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus carriers using ChromID MRSA.
Ann Lab Med
PUBLISHED: 04-08-2014
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We assessed the reporting times for identification of nasal methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) carriers in 2011 in a university-affiliated hospital using surveillance cultures incubated for 1 and 2 days with ChromID MRSA (bioMérieux, France). Of 2,732 nasal swabs tested, MRSA was detected in 829 (85.6%) and 140 (14.4%) swabs after 1 and 2 days of incubation, respectively, and the median reporting times for positive specimens were 33.7 hr (range, 18.2-156.9 hr) and 108.1 hr (range, 69.8-181.0 hr), respectively. Detection rate after 1-day incubation was 85%. Additional 1-day incubation improved detection rate; however, it prolonged the reporting times of positive specimens approximately up to 4 days because of the need for confirmatory tests such as species identification and susceptibility tests. Following a 2-day culture with ChromID MRSA, rapid confirmatory tests are warranted to reduce delay in identifying MRSA carriers.
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An unusual case of duodenal perforation caused by a lollipop stick: a case report.
Clin Endosc
PUBLISHED: 03-31-2014
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Most ingested foreign bodies often pass through the gastrointestinal tract uneventfully; however, complications such as perforation do occur. Most cases of perforation are caused by thin, pointed objects such as needles, toothpicks, or fish and chicken bones. Herein, we report an unusual case of duodenal perforation caused by a lollipop stick with blunt ends. A 23-year-old woman was admitted to the emergency department complaining of epigastric and right upper quadrant pain for the last 2 days. Abdominal computed tomography scans confirmed the presence of a foreign body in the duodenum, with signs of duodenal perforation and inflammation. The patient was not aware of ingesting the foreign body. Endoscopy revealed the presence of a lollipop stick in the duodenum, which was removed with forceps. The duodenal perforation was successfully managed by using hemoclips and a detachable snare.
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Low infectivity of a novel avian-origin H7N9 influenza virus in pigs.
Arch. Virol.
PUBLISHED: 03-28-2014
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We studied the pathogenesis and transmissibility of a novel avian-origin H7N9 influenza virus in pigs. When pigs were infected with H7N9 influenza virus, they did not show any clear clinical signs (such as sneezing, fever and loss of body weight), and they shed viruses through their noses for 2 days after infection. No transmission occurred between infected and naïve pigs. Pigs suffered from mild pneumonia, which was accompanied by the induction of inflammatory cytokines and chemokines such as IL-8 and CCL1. Taken together, our results suggest that pigs may not play an active role in transmitting H7N9 influenza virus to mammals.
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The effect of adipose stem cell therapy on pulmonary fibrosis induced by repetitive intratracheal bleomycin in mice.
Exp. Lung Res.
PUBLISHED: 03-15-2014
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Adipose stem cells (ASCs) are detectable in the parenchyma and large airways of lungs after systemic administration, and ameliorate inflammatory infiltration and cell death in animal models of emphysema. We evaluated whether ASC treatment could attenuate lung fibrosis induced by repetitive intratracheal bleomycin administration. Male 8-week-old C57BL/6J mice (control group, bleomycin-only group, and bleomycin-plus-ASC group) were used. Eight biweekly doses of bleomycin were injected intratracheally via an intubation procedure at a dose of 0.04 units in a total volume of 100 ?L of sterile saline. During the latter 2 months of the 4-month bleomycin exposure, human ASCs (3 × 10(5) cells) were administered repeatedly via intraperitoneal injection at the same time as bleomycin. Lung tissues were evaluated for histology, collagen content, TUNEL staining, and TGF-? levels. Bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL) was performed for cell counting. Administrations of ASCs ameliorated the deleterious effects of repetitive intratracheal instillation of bleomycin, namely hyperplasia of Club cells (Clara cells) and cuboidal alveolar epithelial cells, infiltration of the perialveolar ducts by inflammatory cells, septal thickening, enlarged alveoli, and extensive fibrosis. Addition of ASC led to suppression of bleomycin-induced epithelial cell apoptosis and expression of TGF-?. These results suggest a useful therapeutic effect of ASCs on pulmonary fibrosis induced by repetitive bleomycin administration. Further studies will be required to evaluate the efficacy of ASC therapy for the treatment of idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis.
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Pancreatic pseudocystocolonic fistula treated without surgical or endoscopic intervention.
World J. Gastroenterol.
PUBLISHED: 03-04-2014
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We report here a case of pancreatic pseudocystocolic fistula that was treated without surgical or endoscopic intervention. A 76-year-old woman, presenting with a fever and epigastric pain, was referred to our institution. Three months prior to this admission, the patient had been admitted to the hospital for acute pancreatitis. Abdominal computerized tomography (CT) revealed a 9 cm pseudocyst containing air, and a fistular opening was observed via colonoscopy. After colonoscopy, the abdominal pain was slightly improved, the fever subsided and laboratory results showed decreased C-reactive protein levels. The observed improvement was likely due to the cleansing of the bowel, which induced spontaneous drainage from the pseudocyst into the colon. Antibiotic therapy was administered and daily bowel cleansing was performed using a polyethylene glycol solution. After three weeks, a follow-up CT revealed that the size of the pseudocyst had decreased significantly from 9 to 5.3 cm. In addition, laboratory tests were improved. The patient was able to resume a normal diet and was discharged in good overall health from the hospital, without aggravation of the symptoms. A colonoscopy performed 3 mo later and a follow-up CT performed 6 mo later confirmed that both the fistula and pseudocyst had completely disappeared.
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Comparison of peripheral arterial tonometry and flow-mediated vasodilation for assessment of the severity and complexity of coronary artery disease.
Coron. Artery Dis.
PUBLISHED: 03-04-2014
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Noninvasive flow-mediated vasodilation (FMD) is a widely used method to assess endothelial function, but its technical difficulty and problems remain obstacles for use in clinical practice. Reactive hyperemia-peripheral arterial tonometry (RH-PAT) was developed as a simpler and more reproducible method. We compared FMD and RH-PAT in patients with stable angina. Furthermore, the differences in these two techniques according to coronary artery disease (CAD) severity and complexity were also assessed.
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Clinical comparisons of two free light chain assays to immunofixation electrophoresis for detecting monoclonal gammopathy.
Biomed Res Int
PUBLISHED: 02-27-2014
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Free light chains (FLCs) are useful biomarkers for the diagnosis and monitoring of various plasma cell dyscrasias. One hundred fifty-seven samples from 120 patients for screening or monitoring of monoclonal gammopathy (MG) were included. The new N Latex FLC assays (Siemens Healthcare Diagnostics GmbH, Germany) were compared with the Freelite FLC assays (The Binding Site Ltd., UK) and the results were analyzed with those of immunofixation electrophoresis (IFE). The Freelite FLC assay showed significantly wider assay ranges than the N Latex FLC assay. The correlation coefficients of the two FLC kappa (?) assays, lambda (?) assays, and the ?/? ratio were 0.9792, 0.8264, and 0.9064, respectively. The concordance rate was 84.7% for the FLC ? assays, 79.6% for FLC ?, and 89.2% for the ?/? ratio. The clinical sensitivity and specificity of the ?/? ratios were 72.2% and 93.6% for the Freelite assay and 64.6% and 100% for the N Latex FLC assay. Two FLC assays showed good correlations and concordance. However, the clinical sensitivity of the ?/? ratio was higher in the Freelite FLC assays; clinical specificity was higher in the N Latex FLC assay. Both FLC assays seem to have limited clinical utility in detecting MG in certain clinical settings.
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A case of colonic pseudoobstruction related to bacterial overgrowth due to a sigmoidocecal fistula.
Korean J Gastroenterol
PUBLISHED: 02-25-2014
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Colocolic fistulas are usually a complication of an inflammatory or neoplastic process. Development of these abnormal bowel communications may lead to bacterial overgrowth. We report on a 71-year-old man with a one-year history of recurrent abdominal distension and irregular bowel habits. Abdominal X-rays and computed tomography showed multiple air-fluid levels and loops of distended bowel without evidence of mechanical obstruction or diverticulitis. Colonoscopy showed a fistulous tract between the sigmoid colon and cecum. Results of a lactulose breath test showed high fasting breath CH4 levels, which were thought to be the result of intestinal bacterial overgrowth. The patient was diagnosed with a colonic pseudo-obstruction associated with bacterial overgrowth due to a sigmoidocecal fistula. We recommended surgical correction of the sigmoidocecal fistula; however, the patient requested medical treatment. After antibiotic therapy, the patient still had mild symptoms but no acute exacerbations.
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Predictive factors of complementary and alternative medicine use for patients with inflammatory bowel disease in Korea.
Complement Ther Med
PUBLISHED: 02-25-2014
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The aim of this study was to assess characteristics and predictive factors of complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) use for patients with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) in Korea.
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Multiple paracrine factors secreted by mesenchymal stem cells contribute to angiogenesis.
Vascul. Pharmacol.
PUBLISHED: 02-24-2014
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The therapeutic effects of stem cell transplantation in ischemic disease are mediated by the production of paracrine bioactive factors. However, the bioactive factors secreted by human mesenchymal stem cells (hMSCs) and their angiogenic activity are not clearly identified or determined. We here found that hMSC-derived conditioned media (hMSC-CdM) stimulated in vitro angiogenic activity of endothelial cells and contained significant levels of various growth factors and cytokines, such as vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), hepatocyte growth factor (HGF), monocyte chemotactic protein-1 (MCP-1), interleukin-6 (IL-6), and transforming growth factor-beta1 (TGF-?1). The angiogenic activity of hMSC-CdM was significantly inhibited by pretreatment with neutralizing antibodies against VEGF, MCP-1, and IL-6, but not against TGF-?1 and HGF. A mixture of those inhibitory antibodies blocked CdM-mediated activation of angiogenic signals, as well as inhibited CdM-mediated in vivo angiogenesis. Moreover, local injection of CdM increased angiogenesis and promoted blood flow in mice with hindlimb ischemia, and these effects were inhibited by co-treatment with these inhibitory antibodies. These results indicate that hMSC-CdM represents a promising cell-free therapeutic strategy for neovascularization in ischemic diseases. These results suggest the combination of VEGF, MCP-1, and IL-6 as a commercial application for therapeutic angiogenesis.
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Risk factors for patients with stage IVB hepatocellular carcinoma and extension into the heart: prognostic and therapeutic implications.
Yonsei Med. J.
PUBLISHED: 02-18-2014
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To evaluate the risk factors of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) extension into the right atrium (RA) and determine poor prognostic factors for HCC extension to the heart.
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Adipose tissue-derived mesenchymal stem cells cultured at high density express IFN-? and suppress the growth of MCF-7 human breast cancer cells.
Cancer Lett.
PUBLISHED: 02-14-2014
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Although it has been reported that mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) suppress tumor growth in vitro and in vivo, little is known about the underlying molecular mechanisms. We found that type I interferon is expressed in adipose tissue-derived stem cells (ASCs) cultured at high density, and ASCs and their conditioned medium (ASC-CM) suppress the growth of MCF-7 cells in vitro. Growth inhibition was amplified by glucose deprivation that resulted from high density culture of ASCs after 3days. The cytotoxic effect of the ASC-CM obtained from high density culture of ASCs was neutralized by anti-IFN-? antibody. STAT1 was phosphorylated in MCF-7 cells treated with ASC-CM, and JAK1/JAK2 inhibitor treatment decreased STAT1 phosphorylation. The cytotoxic effect of ASC-CM was reduced especially by JAK1 inhibitors in MCF-7 cells. Our findings suggest that ASCs cultured at high density express type I interferons, which suppresses tumor growth via STAT1 activation resulting from IFN-? secretion in MCF-7 breast cancer cells.
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A microfluidic photobioreactor array demonstrating high-throughput screening for microalgal oil production.
Lab Chip
PUBLISHED: 02-05-2014
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Microalgae are envisioned as a future source of renewable oil. The feasibility of producing high-value biomolecules from microalgae is strongly dependent on developing strains with increased productivity and environmental tolerance, understanding algal gene regulation, and optimizing growth conditions for higher production of target molecules. We present a high-throughput microfluidic microalgal photobioreactor array capable of applying 64 different light conditions to arrays of microscale algal photobioreactors and apply this device to investigate how light conditions influence algal growth and oil production. Using the green colony-forming microalga Botryococcus braunii, the light intensity and light-dark cycle conditions were identified that induced 1.8-fold higher oil accumulation over the typically used culture conditions. Additionally, the studies revealed that the condition under which maximum oil production occurs is significantly different from that of maximum growth. This screening test was accomplished using the developed photobioreactor array at 250 times higher throughput compared to conventional flask-scale photobioreactors.
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Interferon-? Enzyme-Linked Immunospot Assay in Patients with Tuberculosis and Healthy Adults.
Tuberc Respir Dis (Seoul)
PUBLISHED: 01-29-2014
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Interferon-? assays based on tuberculosis (TB)-specific antigens have been utilized for diagnosing and ruling out latent TB and active TB, but their utility is still limited for TB incidence countries. The aim of this study is to understand the clinical utility of enzyme-linked immunospot (ELISpot) assays among patients with clinically suspected TB and healthy adults in clinical practices and community-based settings.
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A comparison between the efficiency of the Xpert MTB/RIF assay and nested PCR in identifying Mycobacterium tuberculosis during routine clinical practice.
J Thorac Dis
PUBLISHED: 01-23-2014
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Polymerase chain reaction (PCR) for the detection of Mycobacterium tuberculosis (MTB) is more sensitive, specific, and rapid than the conventional methods of acid-fast bacilli (AFB) smear and culture. The aim of this study was to determine if the Xpert MTB/rifampicin (RIF) assay had additional advantages over nested PCR for the detection of MTB in a geographical area with intermediate tuberculosis (TB) incidence.
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Impact of Pheochromocytoma on Left Ventricular Hypertrophy and QTc Prolongation: Comparison with Takotsubo Cardiomyopathy.
Korean Circ J
PUBLISHED: 01-23-2014
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Excessive catecholamine causes the alteration of cardiac structure and function. This study evaluated if there is any difference in left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH) and QTc prolongation in conditions with pheochromocytoma and Takotsubo cardiomyopathy (TC).
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CRL4-like Clr4 complex in Schizosaccharomyces pombe depends on an exposed surface of Dos1 for heterochromatin silencing.
Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A.
PUBLISHED: 01-21-2014
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Repressive histone H3 lysine 9 methylation (H3K9me) and its recognition by HP1 proteins are necessary for pericentromeric heterochromatin formation. In Schizosaccharomyces pombe, H3K9me deposition depends on the RNAi pathway. Cryptic loci regulator 4 (Clr4), the only known H3K9 methyltransferase in this organism, is a subunit of the Clr4 methyltransferase complex (CLRC), whose composition is reminiscent of a CRL4 type cullin-RING ubiquitin ligase (CRL) including its cullin Cul4, the RING-box protein Pip1, the DNA damage binding protein 1 homolog Rik1, and the DCAF-like protein delocalization of Swi6 1 (Dos1). Dos2 and Stc1 have been proposed to be part of the complex but do not bear similarity to canonical ubiquitin ligase components. CLRC is an active E3 ligase in vitro, and this activity is necessary for heterochromatin assembly in vivo. The similarity between CLRC and the CRLs suggests that the WD repeat protein Dos1 will act to mediate target recognition and substrate specificity for CLRC. Here, we present a pairwise interaction screen that confirms a CRL4-like subunit arrangement and further identifies Dos2 as a central component of the complex and recruiter of Stc1. We determined the crystal structure of the Dos1 WD repeat domain, revealing an eight-bladed ?-propeller fold. Functional mapping of the putative target-binding surface of Dos1 identifies key residues required for heterochromatic silencing, consistent with Dos1's role as the specificity factor for the E3 ubiquitin ligase.
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Elevated fasting serum insulin level predicts future development of hypertension.
Int. J. Cardiol.
PUBLISHED: 01-16-2014
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Studies have investigated clinical association between fasting insulin level and hypertension. However, it is still debatable whether elevated fasting insulin actually increases the risk of hypertension with the passage of time. Thus, this study was aimed at investigating the association between baseline fasting insulin level and the development of hypertension.
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Evaluation of an immunochromatographic assay for the rapid and simultaneous detection of rotavirus and adenovirus in stool samples.
Ann Lab Med
PUBLISHED: 01-15-2014
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We evaluated the analytical and clinical performances of the SD BIOLINE Rota/Adeno Rapid kit (SD Rota/Adeno Rapid; Standard Diagnostics, Inc., Korea), an immunochromatographic assay (ICA), for the simultaneous detection of rotaviruses and adenoviruses in human stool samples.
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Biochemical and clinical correlation of intraplaque neovascularization using contrast-enhanced ultrasound of the carotid artery.
Atherosclerosis
PUBLISHED: 01-15-2014
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Several biomarkers reflecting inflammatory or proteolytic activity have been known to represent plaque vulnerability. Moreover, a recent study confirmed that contrast-enhanced ultrasound (CEUS) can visualize intraplaque neovascularization (IPN) and demonstrate plaque vulnerability. In this study, we tried to demonstrate that IPN detected by CEUS was correlated with several well-known biomarkers and clinical outcome in patients with coronary artery disease (CAD).
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Recent trends in clinically significant nontuberculous Mycobacteria isolates at a Korean general hospital.
Ann Lab Med
PUBLISHED: 01-15-2014
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Lung disease caused by nontuberculous mycobacteria (NTM) represents an increasing proportion of all mycobacterial diseases. We investigated recent occurrences of NTM and evaluated the clinical significance of NTM isolates from 752 respiratory specimens collected from patients at National Health Insurance Service Ilsan Hospital between January 2007 and May 2011. Specimens were incubated on solid and liquid media (BACTEC MGIT 960, BD, USA) for 6-8 weeks, and PCR and reverse blot hybridization were performed (REBA Myco-ID, Molecules & Diagnostics, Korea). Clinical features of the patients were reviewed through medical records. The most frequently isolated organism was Mycobacterium avium (46.7%), followed by M. intracellulare (14.8%), M. fortuitum (7.2%), and M. abscessus (6.6%). The most common mycobacteria among definitive cases of NTM lung disease were M. avium (42/351, 12.0%), M. intracellulare (19/111, 17.1%), M. abscessus (11/50, 22.0%), M. massiliense (4/13, 30.8%), and M. fortuitum (4/54, 7.4%). Clinically significant cases of NTM lung disease increased from 4 patients in 2007 to 32 in 2011. The mean patient age was 64 yr (range: 35-88 yr), and 58 (64%) patients were women. Patients suffered from cough, productive sputum, and hemoptysis. In summary, the most common mycobacteria causing NTM lung disease were M. avium and M. intracellulare; however, cases of M. massiliense and M. abscessus infection are on the rise in Korea.
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Transmissibility of novel H7N9 and H9N2 avian influenza viruses between chickens and ferrets.
Virology
PUBLISHED: 01-14-2014
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Previous studies have shown that the H7N9 avian influenza virus cannot be transmitted efficiently between ferrets via respiratory droplets. Here, we studied the infectivity of the H7N9 avian influenza virus in chickens and its transmissibility from infected to naïve chickens and ferrets. The H7N9 virus (A/Anhui/1/2013) replicated poorly in chickens and could not be transmitted efficiently from infected chickens to naïve chickens and ferrets. H7N9 virus was shed from chicken tracheae for only 2 days after infection and from chicken cloacae for only 1 day after infection, while the H9N2 avian influenza virus, which is endemic in chickens in many Asian countries, was shed from tracheae and cloacae for 8 days after infection. Taken together, our results suggest that chickens may be a poor agent of transmission for the H7N9 virus to other chickens and to mammals, including humans.
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The role of growth factors in maintenance of stemness in bone marrow-derived mesenchymal stem cells.
Biochem. Biophys. Res. Commun.
PUBLISHED: 01-13-2014
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Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) are an active topic of research in regenerative medicine due to their ability to secrete a variety of growth factors and cytokines that promote healing of damaged tissues and organs. In addition, these secreted growth factors and cytokines have been shown to exert an autocrine effect by regulating MSC proliferation and differentiation. We found that expression of EGF, FGF-4 and HGF were down-regulated during serial passage of bone marrow-derived mesenchymal stem cells (BMSCs). Proliferation and differentiation potentials of BMSCs treated with these growth factors for 2 months were evaluated and compared to BMSCs treated with FGF-2, which increased proliferation of BMSCs. FGF-2 and -4 increased proliferation potentials at high levels, about 76- and 26-fold, respectively, for 2 months, while EGF and HGF increased proliferation of BMSCs by less than 2.8-fold. Interestingly, differentiation potential, especially adipogenesis, was maintained only by HGF treatment. Treatment with FGF-2 rapidly induced activation of AKT and later induced ERK activation. The basal level of phosphorylated ERK increased during serial passage of BMSCs treated with FGF-2. The expression of LC3-II, an autophagy marker, was gradually increased and the population of senescent cells was increased dramatically at passage 7 in non-treated controls. But FGF-2 and FGF-4 suppressed LC3-II expression and down-regulated senescent cells during long-term (i.e. 2month) cultures. Taken together, depletion of growth factors during serial passage could induce autophagy, senescence and down-regulation of stemness (proliferation via FGF-2/-4 and differentiation via HGF) through suppression of AKT and ERK signaling.
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Endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography in patients with previous acute coronary syndrome.
Gut Liver
PUBLISHED: 01-09-2014
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Endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) is considered a high-risk procedure in patients with previous acute coronary syndrome (ACS); however, clinical studies are rare in the literature. The aim of this study was to investigate the safety and efficacy of ERCP in patients with previous ACS.
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Sodium Picosulfate with Magnesium Citrate (SPMC) Plus Laxative Is a Good Alternative to Conventional Large Volume Polyethylene Glycol in Bowel Preparation: A Multicenter Randomized Single-Blinded Trial.
Gut Liver
PUBLISHED: 01-09-2014
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We investigated whether sodium picosulfate with magnesium citrate (SPMC) plus bisacodyl compares favorably with conventional polyethylene glycol (PEG) with respect to bowel cleansing adequacy, compliance, and safety.
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Terrible stent thrombosis induced by a treadmill test performed three days after percutaneous coronary intervention.
Chonnam Med J
PUBLISHED: 01-09-2014
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Generally, early exercise after coronary stenting is considered safe, but isolated cases of acute stent thrombosis have been associated with the performance of a treadmill exercise test after percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). The treadmill exercise test is often used to noninvasively assess the functional result of PCI. In this report, we describe a case of terrible stent thrombosis related to an exercise test performed 3 days after stenting, and the patient died as the result of an intractable thrombus.
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Intradermal melanocytic nevus with lymphatic nevus cell embolus: A case report.
Oncol Lett
PUBLISHED: 01-08-2014
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The current study presents a rare case of intradermal melanocytic nevus with lymphatic nevus cell embolus. A 26-year-old male presented with a slowly enlarging, pigmented nodule on the back, measuring 1 cm in diameter. Histological observations of the lesion were typical of an intradermal melanocytic nevus. The most notable feature of this nevus, however, was an aggregate of nevus cells within a lymphatic vessel of the upper dermis. The nevus cells observed within the lymphatic lumen demonstrated characteristic morphological features of type A nevus cells. The cells were round-to-cuboidal, exhibited abundant cytoplasm with well-defined cell borders and formed nests. In addition, the nevus cell aggregate was lined by flattened endothelial cells. Nevus cell aggregates occur in the collagenous framework of lymph nodes, however, the mechanism by which nevus cells are deposited in lymph nodes has been a source of interest and controversy. The histological observation presented may be regarded as support for the mechanical transport or benign metastasis theories, which posit transfer of nevus cell emboli, via lymphatics, from a cutaneous nevus to the draining regional lymph node. Due to its rarity, a lymphatic nevus cell embolus creates diagnostic and management issues for pathologists and clinicians. This observation must not be interpreted as evidence of malignancy, but must be assessed in context with the associated histological features of the lesion.
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Evolutionarily conserved genetic interactions with budding and fission yeast MutS identify orthologous relationships in mismatch repair-deficient cancer cells.
Genome Med
PUBLISHED: 01-01-2014
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The evolutionarily conserved DNA mismatch repair (MMR) system corrects base-substitution and insertion-deletion mutations generated during erroneous replication. The mutation or inactivation of many MMR factors strongly predisposes to cancer, where the resulting tumors often display resistance to standard chemotherapeutics. A new direction to develop targeted therapies is the harnessing of synthetic genetic interactions, where the simultaneous loss of two otherwise non-essential factors leads to reduced cell fitness or death. High-throughput screening in human cells to directly identify such interactors for disease-relevant genes is now widespread, but often requires extensive case-by-case optimization. Here we asked if conserved genetic interactors (CGIs) with MMR genes from two evolutionary distant yeast species (Saccharomyces cerevisiae and Schizosaccharomyzes pombe) can predict orthologous genetic relationships in higher eukaryotes.
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Multinational, double-blind, randomised, placebo-controlled, prospective study of esomeprazole in the prevention of recurrent peptic ulcer in low-dose acetylsalicylic acid users: the LAVENDER study.
Gut
PUBLISHED: 12-10-2013
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To evaluate if esomeprazole prevents recurrent peptic ulcer in adult patients with a history of peptic ulcer receiving low-dose acetylsalicylic acid (ASA, aspirin) for cardiovascular protection in East Asia.
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Inhibition of IRAK-4 activity for rescuing endotoxin LPS-induced septic mortality in mice by lonicerae flos extract.
Biochem. Biophys. Res. Commun.
PUBLISHED: 10-30-2013
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Lonicerae flos extract (HS-23) is a clinical candidate currently undergoing Phase I trial in lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-injected healthy human volunteers, but its molecular basis remains to be defined. Here, we investigated protective effects of HS-23 or its major constituents on Escherichia coli LPS-induced septic mortality in mice. Intravenous treatment with HS-23 rescued LPS-intoxicated C57BL/6J mice under septic conditions, and decreased the levels of cytokines such as tumor necrosis factor ? (TNF-?), interleukin (IL)-1? and high-mobility group box-1 (HMGB-1) in the blood. Chlorogenic acid (CGA) and its isomers were assigned as major constituents of HS-23 in the protection against endotoxemia. As a molecular mechanism, HS-23 or CGA isomers inhibited endotoxin LPS-induced autophosphorylation of the IL-1 receptor-associated kinase 4 (IRAK-4) in mouse peritoneal macrophages as well as the kinase activity of IRAK-4 in cell-free reactions. HS-23 consequently suppressed downstream pathways critical for LPS-induced activation of nuclear factor (NF)-?B or activating protein 1 (AP-1) in the peritoneal macrophages. HS-23 also inhibited various toll-like receptor agonists-induced nitric oxide (NO) production, and down-regulated LPS-induced expression of NF-?B/AP-1-target inflammatory genes in the cells. Taken together, HS-23 or CGA isomers exhibited anti-inflammatory therapy against LPS-induced septic mortality in mice, at least in part, mediated through the inhibition of IRAK-4.
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Discussion on the alteration of 18F-FDG uptake by the breast according to the menstrual cycle in PET imaging.
Conf Proc IEEE Eng Med Biol Soc
PUBLISHED: 10-11-2013
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18F-FDG PET/CT is a useful modality for identifying high-glucose-consuming cells, such as cancer cells by the glucose metabolism of FDG. FDG is taken up by cancer and inflammatory cells but occasionally, there is some FDG uptake on normal tissues as a result of their individual physiological characteristics. In particular, in fertile females, unusual FDG uptake in the breast changes according to the stages in the menstrual cycle, which can adversely affect a diagnosis. Therefore, this study examined the change in breast FDG uptake in the menstrual cycle on 18F-FDG PET/CT. One hundred and sixty females (34 ± 3.5 years old), who had not undergone a gynecologic anamnesis and had a regular menstrual cycle over the previous 6 months, were examined from March 2011 to February 2012. The subjects were divided into the following 4 groups (each with 40 patients): flow phase, proliferative phase, ovulatory phase and secretory phase using Pregnancy Calculator 0.14 and history taking. Discovery STE (GE Healthcare, USA) was used as the PET/CT. The SUVs on the accumulated region on the breast were analyzed, and 3 nuclear medicine specialists performed a blind test. The SUVs on the breast were the flow phase (1.64 ± 0.25), proliferative phase (0.93 ± 0.28), ovulatory phase (1.66 ± 0.26) and secretory phase (1.77 ± 0.28). Higher uptake values were observed in the secretory, flow phase and ovulatory phase (p< 0.05). The accumulation of the breast was divided into the following 3 grades compared to the lung and liver by gross analysis: the breast uptake was equal to the lung (Grade I); between the lung and liver (Grade II); and equal to or greater than the liver (Grade III). These results showed a high uptake value in the secretory, flow phase and ovulatory phase (p <0.05). In fertile females, the FDG uptake of the breast showed changes according to the menstrual cycle, which can be used to improve the diagnosis of breast disease. Therefore, the false-negative findings of breast disease can be reduced by performing an examination at the appropriate period through history taking and considering the individual menstrual cycle.
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A study on the artifacts generated by dental materials in PET/CT image.
Conf Proc IEEE Eng Med Biol Soc
PUBLISHED: 10-11-2013
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PET/CT system reduces the scanning time and provides an anatomical image because it realizes a CT-based attenuation corrected image without using an isotope, such as 68Ge or 137Cs, in the attenuation correcting method due to the recent technological development. On the other hand, artifacts are generated in a CT image by dental materials, which affect the attenuation corrected PET image. Against this backdrop, this study performed a clinical experiment and a phantom experiment. The clinical experiment targeted 40 patients without oral disease, including 20 patients who had metal prosthesis in their tooth and 20 patients who had a dental implant in tooth. In the phantom experiment, a dental cast was used for a PET/CT scan after the metal prosthesis and the dental implant was inserted in the original dental phantom to make a dental cast. According to the study results, when the patients had metal prosthesis, standard uptake value (SUV) decreased by approximately 19.6% in the dark streak artifact region and increased by approximately 90.1% in the bright streak artifact region, compared with the artifact free region. In the phantom with metal prosthesis, the SUV decreased by approximately 18.1% in the dark streak artifact region and increased by 18.0% in the bright streak artifact region, compared to the artifact free region. When the patients with dental implant, the SUV decreased by approximately 19.1% in the dark streak artifact region and increased by 96.6% in the bright streak artifact region, compared with the artifact free region. In the phantom with dental implant, the SUV decreased by approximately 14.4% in the dark streak artifact region and increased by 7.0% in the bright streak artifact region, compared to the artifact free region. Therefore, by considering these results, we can improve the diagnostic accuracy in oral and maxillofacial cancer.
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Catheter-free method is sufficient for preparation for transnasal endoscopy: Randomized controlled trial.
Dig Endosc
PUBLISHED: 09-26-2013
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Although transnasal endoscopy (TNE) is generally a comfortable and safe procedure, it has some disadvantages, such as complicated preprocessing and occasional repulsion reaction during catheterization. In an attempt to simplify the preprocessing method, the efficacy of a catheter-free method in which a catheter is not inserted into the nasal cavity was assessed.
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Emergence of GII.4 Sydney Norovirus in South Korea During the Winter of 2012-2013.
J. Microbiol. Biotechnol.
PUBLISHED: 09-18-2013
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Norovirus is the major cause of acute gastroenteritis worldwide. Between November 2012 and June 2013, 1718 stool samples were requested for norovirus antigen testing in the metropolitan areas of South Korea, and 91 samples were genotyped. The norovirus antigen-positive rate peaked at 52.8% in December 2013. A novel norovirus GII.4 variant, GII.4 Sydney 2012, was the most frequently found genotype (60.4%) during this period. This study demonstrates that norovirus activity increased during the winter of 2012-2013 in South Korea and that norovirus GII.4 Sydney 2012 was the cause of the norovirus epidemic during this period.
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Predictive factors for recurrence and survival in hepatocellular carcinoma in South Korea.
Anticancer Res.
PUBLISHED: 09-12-2013
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To evaluate the factors predicting for recurrence and to analyze survival of patients with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC).
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Severe pathogenesis of influenza B virus in pregnant mice.
Virology
PUBLISHED: 08-23-2013
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The study on pathogenesis of influenza B virus during pregnancy is limited. Here, we showed using a mouse model that influenza B virus could cause severe disease including death during pregnancy. Infected pregnant mice resulted in 40% mortality, but infected age-matched non-pregnant mice did not show any death. Infected pregnant mice contained high viral loads in lungs with the elevated inductions of inflammatory cytokines and chemokines than infected non-pregnant mice. Infected pregnant mice delivered lower number of neonates than uninfected pregnant mice, suggesting adverse effects of influenza B virus on fetuses. Progesterone which is important for maintaining pregnancy was reduced in uteruses of infected pregnant mice than in those of uninfected pregnant mice. Taken together, our results suggest that influenza B virus can cause severe disease during pregnancy, and that preventive measures including vaccination may be important for protecting women during pregnancy.
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[A case of isolated small intestinal wall calcification on patient with continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis].
Korean J Gastroenterol
PUBLISHED: 08-20-2013
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The metastatic calcification is defined as the deposition of calcium salt in normal tissue with an abnormal serum biochemical environment, such as chronic kidney disease, hyperparathyroidism, and hypercalcemia related with malignancy. Although the metastatic calcification can develop in any organs and tissues, presenting its symptoms and complications are rare. Thus a few cases have been reported. This case shows the metastatic calcification of the small intestine without any peritoneal and mesenteric vascular calcification which was early diagnosed by computed tomography and mesenteric angiography in a patient with abdominal pain, receiving continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis due to end stage renal disease. The clinician should early consider the metastatic calcification as differential diagnosis when unidentified calcifications are noted in simple abdominal X-ray such as in the present case, and promptly confirm it by using appropriate diagnostic tests in order to prevent its complications and progression.
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A randomized trial to determine the diagnostic accuracy of conventional vs. jumbo forceps biopsy of gastric epithelial neoplasias before endoscopic submucosal dissection; open-label study.
Gastric Cancer
PUBLISHED: 08-09-2013
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Larger biopsy specimens or increasing the number of biopsies may improve the diagnostic accuracy of gastric epithelial neoplasia (GEN). The aims of this study was to compare the diagnostic accuracies between conventional and jumbo forceps biopsy of GEN before endoscopic submucosal dissection (ESD) and to confirm that increasing the number of biopsies is useful for the diagnosis of GEN.
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Efficacy of bispectral index monitoring during balanced propofol sedation for colonoscopy: a prospective, randomized controlled trial.
Dig. Dis. Sci.
PUBLISHED: 07-31-2013
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Appropriate use of propofol is necessary, and objective monitoring of sedation with propofol may be helpful. Studies on the efficacy of bispectral index (BIS) monitoring in deep sedation have been conducted, but its efficacy in colonoscopy with moderate sedation is unknown. In this study, the efficacy of BIS monitoring during colonoscopy with moderate level sedation via balanced propofol sedation was investigated.
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Capsaicin induces apoptosis and modulates MAPK signaling in human gastric cancer cells.
Mol Med Rep
PUBLISHED: 07-28-2013
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Capsaicin is known to have tumor suppressive effects. However, the molecular mechanisms and targets of capsaicin involved in exerting anticancer activity are complex and remain to be clarified. The aim of the current study was to investigate the effects of capsaicin on human gastric cancer cells (AGS cells) and demonstrate that capsaicin induced apoptosis in AGS cells. Results of the MTT assay and flow cytometry revealed that capsaicin potentially inhibited the proliferation of AGS cells and induced apoptosis in vitro in a dose-dependent manner. Cleaved caspase-3 was increased and Bcl-2 was reduced by treatment with capsaicin in AGS cells. Capsaicin treatment decreased the expression of phosphorylated ERK 1/2, p38 MAPK or JNK in AGS cells. The results of this study suggest that capsaicin may serve as an anti-tumorigenic agent in human gastric cancer.
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Characteristics of nonvariceal upper gastrointestinal hemorrhage in patients with chronic kidney disease.
World J. Gastroenterol.
PUBLISHED: 07-23-2013
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To evaluate the clinical characteristics of nonvariceal upper gastrointestinal hemorrhage (NGIH) in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD).
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Caffeic acid induces keratinocyte differentiation by activation of PPAR-?.
J. Pharm. Pharmacol.
PUBLISHED: 06-27-2013
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Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptors (PPAR)-? plays an important role in epidermal differentiation and barrier recovery, and topical treatment with PPAR-? agonists restores epidermal homeostasis in essential fatty acid deficiency and permeability barrier in skin disruptions. Therefore, we performed structure-based pharmacophore screening to search for a novel PPAR-? agonist. Caffeic acid was ultimately selected and evaluated for its effects on keratinocyte differentiation and epidermal permeability barrier.
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Risk factors for hepatocellular carcinoma in patients with drug-resistant chronic hepatitis B.
World J. Gastroenterol.
PUBLISHED: 06-18-2013
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To investigate the risk factors and characteristics of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) in the patients with drug-resistant chronic hepatitis B (CHB).
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The severe pathogenicity of alveolar macrophage-depleted ferrets infected with 2009 pandemic H1N1 influenza virus.
Virology
PUBLISHED: 05-30-2013
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The in vivo role of alveolar macrophages in the infections with 2009 pandemic H1N1 influenza virus is not as yet known. Ferret study shows that alveolar macrophages are critical for lowering the risk of severe outcomes in 2009 pandemic H1N1 influenza virus infections. Up to 40% of the infected ferrets depleted of alveolar macrophages died, with elevated body temperature and major loss of body weight in contrast to infected ferrets not depleted of alveolar macrophages. The higher viral titers in the lungs were detected in infected ferrets depleted of alveolar macrophages than infected ferrets not depleted of alveolar macrophages 5 days after infection. The inflammatory chemokines were induced at greater levels in the lungs of infected ferrets depleted of alveolar macrophages than in those of infected ferrets not depleted of alveolar macrophages. Our study implies that alveolar macrophages are important for controlling the infections of 2009 pandemic H1N1 influenza virus.
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Evaluation of a new real-time reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction assay for detection of norovirus in fecal specimens.
Diagn. Microbiol. Infect. Dis.
PUBLISHED: 05-27-2013
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A new real-time reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) assay, the AccuPower Norovirus Real-time RT-PCR Kit, was evaluated in detection of human norovirus in stool specimens. Studies for detection limit, dynamic range, reproducibility, and cross-reactivity were performed. A total of 281 fecal specimens were tested using the AccuPower Norovirus Real-time RT-PCR Kit, and the results were compared with those obtained using another real-time RT-PCR system. Norovirus positivity and genotype were confirmed by direct sequencing. The lowest mean numbers of genome copies of GI and GII that could be detected by the assay were 12.3 and 5.6 RNA copies/reaction, respectively. The positive, negative, and overall percent agreements between the 2 real-time PCR assays were 99.0% (96/97), 95.1% (175/184), and 96.4% (271/281), respectively. The AccuPower Norovirus Real-time RT-PCR system showed good analytical and clinical performance and may be a useful diagnostic tool for norovirus infection.
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High-normal albuminuria predicts metabolic syndrome in middle-aged Korean men: A prospective cohort study.
Maturitas
PUBLISHED: 04-10-2013
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High-normal albuminuria has recently been associated with an elevated risk of cardiovascular disease. However, it is uncertain whether high-normal albuminuria is associated with metabolic syndrome (MetS). The objective of this prospective cohort study was to investigate whether a temporal relationship exists between a high-normal urine albumin-to-creatinine ratio (UACR) and the development of MetS.
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Cap-assisted gastroscope versus cap-assisted colonoscope for examination of difficult sigmoid colons in a nonsedated Asian population: a randomized study.
Gastrointest. Endosc.
PUBLISHED: 03-08-2013
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Studies have estimated that cecal intubation failure occurs with conventional colonoscopy in about 10% of cases. Various methods have been adopted to improve the cecal intubation rate, including a transparent cap and special colonoscopes.
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[A case of esophageal actinomycosis in a patient with normal immunity].
Korean J Gastroenterol
PUBLISHED: 03-06-2013
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Actinomycosis is a chronic suppurative disease and caused by Actinomycosis species, principally Actinomyces israelii, which are part of the normal inhabitant on the mucous membrane of the oropharynx, gastrointestinal tract, and urogenital tract. It usually affects cervicofacial, thoracic and abdominal tissue. Cervicofacial type has the highest percentage of occurrence with 50%. Actinomycosis frequently occurs following dental extraction, jaw surgery, chronic infection or poor oral hygiene. It may also be considered as an opportunistic infection in immunocompromised patients such as malignancy, human immunodeficiency virus infection, diabetes mellitus, steroid usage or alcoholism. But, actinomycosis rarely occurs in adults with normal immunity and rare in the esophagus. We report an unusual case of esophageal actinomycosis which was developed in a patient with normal immunity and improved by therapy with intravenous penicillin G followed oral amoxicillin, and we also reviewed the associated literature.
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Microfabricated devices in microbial bioenergy sciences.
Trends Biotechnol.
PUBLISHED: 02-28-2013
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Microbes provide a platform for the synthesis of clean energy from renewable resources. Significant investments in discovering new microbial systems and capabilities, discerning the molecular mechanisms that mediate microbial bioenergy production, and optimizing existing microbial bioenergy systems have been made. However, further development is needed to achieve the economically feasible large-scale production of value-added energy products. Microfabricated lab-on-a-chip systems provide cost- and time-efficient opportunities for analyzing microbe-mediated bioenergy synthesis. Here, we review developments in the application of lab-on-a-chip systems to the bioenergy sciences. We focus on systems that support the analysis of microbial generation of bioelectricity, biogas, and liquid transportation fuels. We conclude by suggesting possible future directions.
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What is Visualize?

JoVE Visualize is a tool created to match the last 5 years of PubMed publications to methods in JoVE's video library.

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We use abstracts found on PubMed and match them to JoVE videos to create a list of 10 to 30 related methods videos.

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In developing our video relationships, we compare around 5 million PubMed articles to our library of over 4,500 methods videos. In some cases the language used in the PubMed abstracts makes matching that content to a JoVE video difficult. In other cases, there happens not to be any content in our video library that is relevant to the topic of a given abstract. In these cases, our algorithms are trying their best to display videos with relevant content, which can sometimes result in matched videos with only a slight relation.