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Find video protocols related to scientific articles indexed in Pubmed.
hERG1 channels regulate VEGF-A secretion in human gastric cancer: clinicopathological correlations and therapeutical implications.
Clin. Cancer Res.
PUBLISHED: 01-21-2014
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hERG1 channels are aberrantly expressed in several types of human cancers, where they affect different aspects of cancer cell behavior. A thorough analysis of the functional role and clinical significance of hERG1 channels in gastric cancer is still lacking.
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Autoantibodies to Ezrin are an early sign of pancreatic cancer in humans and in genetically engineered mouse models.
J Hematol Oncol
PUBLISHED: 07-17-2013
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Pancreatic Ductal Adenocarcinoma (PDAC) is a highly aggressive malignancy with only a 5% 5-year survival rate. Reliable biomarkers for early detection are still lacking. The goals of this study were (a) to identify early humoral responses in genetically engineered mice (GEM) spontaneously developing PDAC; and (b) to test their diagnostic/predictive value in newly diagnosed PDAC patients and in prediagnostic sera.
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Ezrin Expression Is an Independent Prognostic Factor in Gastro-intestinal Cancers.
J. Gastrointest. Surg.
PUBLISHED: 03-15-2013
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Ezrin, a member of the ezrin-radixin-moesin (ERM) family of plasma membrane-cytoskeleton linker proteins, has been associated with metastatic behavior.
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Somatic mutations in exocrine pancreatic tumors: association with patient survival.
PLoS ONE
PUBLISHED: 03-04-2013
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KRAS mutations are major factors involved in initiation and maintenance of pancreatic tumors. The impact of different mutations on patient survival has not been clearly defined. We screened tumors from 171 pancreatic cancer patients for mutations in KRAS and CDKN2A genes. Mutations in KRAS were detected in 134 tumors, with 131 in codon 12 and only 3 in codon 61. The GGT>GAT (G12D) was the most frequent mutation and was present in 60% (80/134). Deletions and mutations in CDKN2A were detected in 43 tumors. Analysis showed that KRAS mutations were associated with reduced patient survival in both malignant exocrine and ductal adenocarcinomas (PDAC). Patients with PDACs that had KRAS mutations showed a median survival of 17 months compared to 30 months for those without mutations (log-rank P?=?0.07) with a multivariate hazard ratio (HR) of 2.19 (95%CI 1.09-4.42). The patients with G12D mutation showed a median survival of 16 months (log-rank-test P?=?0.03) and an associated multivariate HR 2.42 (95%CI 1.14-2.67). Although, the association of survival in PDAC patients with CDKN2A aberrations in tumors was not statistically significant, the sub-group of patients with concomitant KRAS mutations and CDKN2A alterations in tumors were associated with a median survival of 13.5 months compared to 22 months without mutation (log-rank-test P?=?0.02) and a corresponding HR of 3.07 (95%CI 1.33-7.10). Our results are indicative of an association between mutational status and survival in PDAC patients, which if confirmed in subsequent studies can have potential clinical application.
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Targeting gemcitabine containing liposomes to CD44 expressing pancreatic adenocarcinoma cells causes an increase in the antitumoral activity.
Biochim. Biophys. Acta
PUBLISHED: 01-25-2013
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Pancreatic adenocarcinoma is often diagnosed when metastatic events have occurred. The early spread of circulating cancer cells expressing the CD44 receptor may play a crucial role in this process. In this study, we have investigated the cellular delivery ability and both in vitro and in vivo anti-tumoral activity of liposomes conjugated with two different low molecular weight hyaluronic acids (HA 4.8kDa and HA 12kDa), the primary ligand of CD44, and containing a lipophilic gemcitabine (GEM) pro-drug. By confocal microscopy and flow cytometry analyses, we demonstrate that the cellular uptake into a highly CD44-expressing pancreatic adenocarcinoma cell line is higher with HA-conjugated (12kDa>4.8kDa) than non-conjugated liposomes. Consistently, in vitro cytotoxic assays display an increased sensitivity towards GEM containing HA-liposomes, compared to non-conjugated liposomes. Conversely, CD44 non-expressing normal cells show a similar uptake and in vitro cytotoxicity with both HA-conjugated and non-conjugated liposomes. Furthermore, we demonstrate that the HA-liposomes are taken up into the cells via lipid raft-mediated endocytosis. All the liposome formulations containing GEM show a higher antitumoral activity than free GEM in a mouse xenograft tumor model of human pancreatic adenocarcinoma. The 12kDa HA-liposomes have the strongest efficiency, while non-conjugated liposomes and the 4.8kDa HA-liposomes are similarly active. Taken together, our results provide a strong rationale for further development of HA-conjugated liposomes to treat pancreatic adenocarcinoma.
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ICAT is a novel Ptf1a interactor that regulates pancreatic acinar differentiation and displays altered expression in tumours.
Biochem. J.
PUBLISHED: 01-24-2013
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The PTF1 (pancreas transcription factor 1) complex is a master regulator of differentiation of acinar cells, responsible for the production of digestive enzymes. In the adult pancreas, PTF1 contains two pancreas-restricted transcription factors: Ptf1a and Rbpjl. PTF1 recruits P/CAF [p300/CREB (cAMP-response-element-binding protein)-binding protein-associated factor] which acetylates Ptf1a and enhances its transcriptional activity. Using yeast two-hybrid screening, we identified ICAT (inhibitor of ?-catenin and Tcf4) as a novel Ptf1a interactor. ICAT regulates the Wnt pathway and cell proliferation. We validated and mapped the ICAT-Ptf1a interaction in vitro and in vivo. We demonstrated that, following its overexpression in acinar tumour cells, ICAT regulates negatively PTF1 activity in vitro and in vivo. This effect was independent of ?-catenin and was mediated by direct binding to Ptf1a and displacement of P/CAF. ICAT also modulated the expression of Pdx1 and Sox9 in acinar tumour cells. ICAT overexpression reduced the interaction of Ptf1a with Rbpjl and P/CAF and impaired Ptf1a acetylation by P/CAF. ICAT did not affect the subcellular localization of Ptf1a. In human pancreas, ICAT displayed a cell-type-specific distribution; in acinar and endocrine cells, it was nuclear, whereas in ductal cells, it was cytoplasmic. In ductal adenocarcinomas, ICAT displayed mainly a nuclear or mixed distribution and the former was an independent marker of survival. ICAT regulates acinar differentiation and it does so through a novel Wnt pathway-independent mechanism that may contribute to pancreatic disease.
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Immunohistochemical detection of arginine methylated proteins (MeRP) in archival tissues.
Histopathology
PUBLISHED: 11-19-2010
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To (i) determine whether methylarginine-specific antibodies can be employed for standard immunohistochemical analysis of paraffin-embedded tissues, (ii) analyse methylarginine expression in normal and neoplastic tissues and (iii) correlate methylarginine expression with that of protein arginine methyltransferase (PRMT1), the predominant cellular arginine methyltransferase.
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Pancreatic endocrine tumors: improved TNM staging and histopathological grading permit a clinically efficient prognostic stratification of patients.
Mod. Pathol.
PUBLISHED: 03-19-2010
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Pancreatic endocrine tumors are rare diseases and devising a clinically effective prognostic stratification of patients is a major clinical challenge. This study aimed at assessing whether the tumor-node-metastasis (TNM)-based staging and proliferative activity-based grading recently proposed by the European NeuroEndocrine Tumors Society (ENETS) have clinical value. TNM was applied to 274 patients with histologically diagnosed pancreatic endocrine tumors operated from 1991 to 2005, with last follow-up at December 2007. According to World Health Organization (WHO) classification, 246 were well-differentiated neoplasms (51 benign, 56 uncertain behavior, 139 carcinomas) and 28 poorly differentiated carcinomas. Grading was based on Ki67 immunohistochemistry. Survival analysis not only ascertained the prognostic value of the TNM system but also highlighted that in the absence of nodal and distant metastasis, infiltration and tumor dimensions over 4 cm had prognostic significance. T parameters were then appropriately modified to reflect this weakness. The 5-year survival for modified TNM stages I, II, III and IV were 100, 93, 65 and 35%, respectively. Multivariate analysis identified TNM stages as independent predictors of death, in which stages II, III and IV showed a risk of death of 7, 29 and 58 times higher than stage I tumors (P<0.0001). Ki67-based grading resulted an independent predictor of survival with cut-offs at 5 and 20%. In conclusion, WHO classification assigns clinically significant diagnostic categories to pancreatic endocrine tumors that need prognostic stratification by applying a staging system. The ENETS-TNM provides the best option, but it requires some modifications to be fully functional. The modified TNM described in this study ameliorates the clinical applicability and prediction of outcome of the ENETS-TNM; it (i) assigns a risk of death proportional to the stage at the time of diagnosis, and (ii) allows a clinically based staging of patients, as the T parameters as modified permit their clinical-radiological recognition. Ki67-based grading discerns prognosis of patients with same stage diseases.
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Anti-viral state segregates two molecular phenotypes of pancreatic adenocarcinoma: potential relevance for adenoviral gene therapy.
J Transl Med
PUBLISHED: 01-29-2010
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Pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC) remains a leading cause of cancer mortality for which novel gene therapy approaches relying on tumor-tropic adenoviruses are being tested.
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MEN1 in pancreatic endocrine tumors: analysis of gene and protein status in 169 sporadic neoplasms reveals alterations in the vast majority of cases.
Endocr. Relat. Cancer
PUBLISHED: 01-01-2010
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Pancreatic endocrine tumors (PETs) may be part of hereditary multiple endocrine neoplasia type 1 (MEN1) syndrome. While MEN1 gene mutation is the only ascertained genetic anomaly described in PETs, no data exist on the cellular localization of MEN1-encoded protein, menin, in normal pancreas and PETs. A total of 169 PETs were used to assess the i) MEN1 gene mutational status in 100 clinically sporadic PETs by direct DNA sequencing, ii) immunohistochemical expression of menin in normal pancreas and 140 PETs, including 71 cases screened for gene mutations, and iii) correlation of these findings with clinical-pathological parameters. Twenty-seven PETs showed mutations that were somatic in 25 patients and revealed to be germline in 2 patients. Menin immunostaining showed strong nuclear and very faint cytoplasmic signal in normal islet cells, whereas it displayed abnormal location and expression levels in 80% of tumors. PETs harboring MEN1 truncating mutations lacked nuclear protein, and most PETs with MEN1 missense mutations showed a strong cytoplasmic positivity for menin. Menin was also misplaced in a significant number of cases lacking MEN1 mutations. In conclusion, the vast majority of PETs showed qualitative and/or quantitative alterations in menin localization. In 30% of cases, this was associated with MEN1 mutations affecting sequences involved in nuclear localization or protein-protein interaction. In cases lacking MEN1 mutations, the alteration of one of the menin interactors may have prevented its proper localization, as suggested by recent data showing that menin protein shuttles between the nucleus and cytoplasm and also affects the subcellular localization of its interactors.
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Pancreatic endocrine tumors: expression profiling evidences a role for AKT-mTOR pathway.
J. Clin. Oncol.
PUBLISHED: 11-16-2009
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We investigated the global gene expression in a large panel of pancreatic endocrine tumors (PETs) aimed at identifying new potential targets for therapy and biomarkers to predict patient outcome.
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Expression pattern of claudins 5 and 7 distinguishes solid-pseudopapillary from pancreatoblastoma, acinar cell and endocrine tumors of the pancreas.
Am. J. Surg. Pathol.
PUBLISHED: 02-06-2009
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Solid-pseudopapillary tumor (SPT) of the pancreas is characterized by a discohesive appearance of the neoplastic cells. This has been linked to the displacement of E-cadherin and beta-catenin from their normal membrane location, which prevents adherens junctions to form. The nuclear localization of beta-catenin is also a feature of SPT that helps in differential diagnosis. This latter includes pancreatic endocrine tumor (PET) as SPT may show neuroendocrine differentiation, and pancreatic acinar cell carcinoma (ACC) and pancreatoblastoma (PB) that may often show nuclear beta-catenin staining. However, the role of additional cell-cell adhesion systems remains to be elucidated in SPT, particularly that of claudins that are essential components of tight junctions showing modulated expression in diverse tumor types. We studied 20 SPT, 20 nonfunctioning PET, 7 ACC, 2 PB, and their matched normal pancreas for the immunohistochemical expression of claudin family members 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, and 7, beta-catenin and E-cadherin. All SPT showed intense membrane claudin 5 and cytoplasmic claudin 2 staining, lack of claudins 3 and 4, and positive cytoplasmic claudins 1 and 7 in few cases. Conversely, PET, ACC, and PB showed strong membrane expression of claudin 7 and lack of claudin 5, whereas claudins 1, 2, 3, and 4 showed variable expression among samples. All SPT showed nuclear beta-catenin and lack of E-cadherin membrane staining, whereas PET, ACC, and PB only showed nuclear beta-catenin in 1, 2, and 2 cases, respectively. SPT shows a peculiar claudin expression profile and the highly specific pattern of claudins 5 and 7 differentiates SPT from PET, ACC, and PB.
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Irrelevance of microsatellite instability in the epidemiology of sporadic pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma.
PLoS ONE
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Pancreatic cancer risk is increased in Lynch syndrome (LS) patients with mismatch repair gene defects predisposing to colonic and extracolonic cancers with microsatellite instability (MSI). However, the frequency of MSI pancreatic cancers has never been ascertained in consecutive, unselected clinical series, and their contribution to the sporadic and inherited burden of pancreatic cancer remains to be established. Aims of the study were to determine the prevalence of MSI in surgically resected pancreatic cancers in a multicentric, retrospective study, and to assess the occurrence of pancreatic cancer in LS.
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JoVE Visualize is a tool created to match the last 5 years of PubMed publications to methods in JoVE's video library.

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In developing our video relationships, we compare around 5 million PubMed articles to our library of over 4,500 methods videos. In some cases the language used in the PubMed abstracts makes matching that content to a JoVE video difficult. In other cases, there happens not to be any content in our video library that is relevant to the topic of a given abstract. In these cases, our algorithms are trying their best to display videos with relevant content, which can sometimes result in matched videos with only a slight relation.