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Find video protocols related to scientific articles indexed in Pubmed.
Esophageal carcinoma cell line with high EGFR polysomy is responsive to gefitinib.
Langenbecks Arch Surg
PUBLISHED: 07-16-2014
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It has previously been shown that gefitinib-treated patients with epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) gene amplification or high polysomy had a statistically significant improvement in response, time to progression, and survival in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). Only few studies utilizing anti-EGFR treatment in advanced esophageal adenocarcinomas have been performed and the results have been heterogeneous. The aim of this study was to evaluate EGFR-targeted therapy with gefitinib in esophageal adenocarcinoma with a high EGFR polysomy.
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Concordance of HER2 status in primary tumour and lymph node metastases in patients with esophageal carcinoma.
Anticancer Res.
PUBLISHED: 11-14-2013
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Human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2) is an important prognostic factor in several types of solid tumours. Although HER2 seems not to influence survival in esophageal carcinomas, an impact of the HER2 status of disseminated tumour cells (DTCs) on survival has been shown. The aim of our study was to investigate the significance of the HER2 status in primary esophageal carcinomas and matched lymph node metastases.
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Stem Cell-Like Side Populations in Esophageal Cancer: A Source of Chemotherapy Resistance and Metastases.
Stem Cells Dev.
PUBLISHED: 11-13-2013
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Dye-effluxing side population (SP) cells can be resistant to chemotherapy and are thought to resemble cancer stem cells. We characterized the relevance of the SP subpopulation in esophageal cancer cell lines and their relation to chemotherapy resistance and metastasis. The SP subpopulation was detected using Hoechst 33342 staining in five esophageal cancer cell lines OE19, OE21, OE33, PT1590, and LN1590. CTx-resistant cell lines were developed after long-term exposure to 5-fluorouracil (5-FU) and cisplatin and validated by analysis of resistance markers, thymidylate synthase and ERCC1. While neither LN1590 nor PT1590 had detectable SP cells, OE19, OE21, and OE33?cells were found to contain varying levels of SP cells. With increasing duration of 5-FU or cisplatin therapy, the SP subpopulation substantially emerged in PT1590 and LN1590. OE19-SP cells displayed significant higher tumorigenicity than OE19- non-SP (NSP) cells after subcutaneous tumor cell injection in vivo. SP cells isolated from OE19 and OE19/5-FUres were subsequently analyzed by an epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition (EMT) polymerase chain reaction array. Interestingly, the SP fraction of OE19/5-FUres showed a dramatic upregulation of EMT-related genes compared to the SP fraction of OE19. Our results provide evidence that (1) the proportion of SP cells is different in esophageal cancer, (2) SP cells exhibit stem cell properties and are associated to chemotherapy resistance, and (3) long-term CTx selects for SP cells with an upregulated EMT gene profile, which might be the source of systemic disease relapse. Further investigations are necessary to ideally target these EMT-associated SP cells in esophageal cancer.
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PGK1 as Predictor of CXCR4 Expression, Bone Marrow Metastases and Survival in Neuroblastoma.
PLoS ONE
PUBLISHED: 01-01-2013
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A close relationship between phosphoglycerate kinase 1 (PGK1) and the CXCR4/SDF1 axis (chemokine receptor 4/stromal cell derived factor 1) has been shown for several cancers. However, the role of PGK1 has not been investigated for neuroblastoma, and PGK1 might be a therapeutic target for this tumor entity. The aim of the current study was to evaluate the role of PGK1 expression in neuroblastoma patients, to determine the impact of PGK1 expression levels on survival, and to correlate PGK1 expression with CXCR4 expression and bone marrow dissemination.
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Orthotopic models of esophageal carcinoma and their use in drug discovery.
Curr Protoc Pharmacol
PUBLISHED: 09-08-2011
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The protocol detailed in this unit is for the establishment of an orthotopic model of human esophageal adenocarcinoma in NMRI/nu mice. The resultant tumor has high metastatic potential, spreading readily to liver, lungs, and lymph nodes. This model is useful for studying primary esophageal carcinoma, tumor biology, pathogenesis, tumor progression, metastatic homing, and the efficacy of therapeutic approaches for treating this condition. The practical use of this preclinical model for drug discovery is illustrated with data from a study on the chemotherapeutic effects of HER2-targeted therapy.
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Adhesion molecule L1 is down-regulated in malignant peripheral nerve sheath tumors versus benign neurofibromatosis type 1-associated tumors.
Oral Surg Oral Med Oral Pathol Oral Radiol
PUBLISHED: 01-06-2011
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Type 1 neurofibromatosis (NF-1), also known as von Recklinghausen disease, is caused by a disorder of a single gene on chromosome 17 that usually restrains cell division. A sequence that is frequently associated with NF-1 is tumor progression from neurofibromas to malignant peripheral nerve sheath tumors (MPNSTs). The aim of this study was to determine the expression of the neural L1 cell adhesion molecule in dermal-diffuse neurofibromas, plexiform neurofibromas, and MPNSTs of NF-1. We retrospectively analyzed surgically resected primary tumors, including 20 dermal neurofibromas, 23 plexiform neurofibromas, and 17 MPNSTs, by immunohistochemistry in paraffin sections of NF-1 tumors with the use of the L1-specific monoclonal antibody UJ127, which does not cross-react with other members of the L1 family. Immunostainings for CD34 and S100 were included to distinguish and allocate L1-expressing Schwann cells and perineural (specialized) fibroblasts. Our data showed that L1 is highly expressed in all benign NF-1 tumors and in some but not all MPNSTs. Furthermore, we demonstrated a correlation between L1 expression and differentiation grade of MPNSTs. There was a significant trend toward lower or nondetectable expression in the poorly differentiated MPNSTs, in contrast to all other tumor entities so far investigated, in which L1 expression correlated positive with malignancy, except for juvenile but not adult-derived neuroblastomas. Future studies are warranted to elucidate the molecular basis of the varying effects of the degree of L1 expression, receptor, and signal transduction mechanisms in different tumors.
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Orthotopic fluorescent peritoneal carcinomatosis model of esophageal cancer.
Anticancer Res.
PUBLISHED: 11-02-2010
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Aim: Orthotopic models utilizing orthotopic implantation have been used for developing cancer models of multiple tumor entities. The aim of this study was to evaluate the role of orthotopic injection in establishing a model of esophageal cancer using a human green fluorescent protein (GFP) cell line of human esophageal carcinoma.
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Effective therapeutic targeting of the overexpressed HER-2 receptor in a highly metastatic orthotopic model of esophageal carcinoma.
Mol. Cancer Ther.
PUBLISHED: 07-06-2010
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This study aimed to determine the targeted efficacy of trastuzumab (Herceptin) on human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER-2)-overexpressing metastatic esophageal cancer in an orthotopic mouse model. HER-2 overexpression and amplification of human esophageal primary and metastatic tumors were shown with HER-2-fluorescence in situ hybridization analysis and HER-2 immunostaining. Following orthotopic implantation with the HER-2-overexpressing OE19 human esophageal cancer cell line, mice were treated with trastuzumab. Sequential magnetic resonance imaging was used to monitor primary tumor and metastasis during treatment. After six weeks, a significant inhibition of primary tumor development was imaged in trastuzumab-treated animals in comparison with the control group. Trastuzumab treatment also led to a reduction of lymphatic metastasis. Thus, HER-2 targeted therapy with trastuzumab resulted in a significant primary tumor growth reduction as well as a decrease of lymph node metastases in the orthotopic model of metastatic esophageal carcinoma. The results of the present study suggest the clinical use of trastuzumab for HER-2-overexpressing esophageal cancer, which is a significant fraction of the patient population. Treatment of this highly treatment-resistant disease with trastuzumab in the adjuvant setting to prevent lymph node metastasis after primary tumor resection is suggested by the data in this report.
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L1 is highly expressed in tumors of the nervous system: a study of over 8000 human tissues.
J. Surg. Res.
PUBLISHED: 03-06-2010
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L1 cell adhesion molecule (CD171) has been detected in different malignant tumors and is associated with unfavorable outcome. It thus represents a target for tumor diagnosis and therapy. In this study, we assessed L1 expression in more than 8000 normal human tissues and different types of tumors, both malignant and non-malignant, and neural and non-neural.
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Effective inhibition of metastases and primary tumor growth with CTCE-9908 in esophageal cancer.
J. Surg. Res.
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In spite of multimodular treatment, the therapeutic options for esophageal carcinoma are limited, and metastases remain the leading cause of tumor-related mortality. Expression of the chemokine receptor CXCR4 significantly correlates with poor survival rates in patients with esophageal carcinoma and is associated with lymph node and bone marrow metastases. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of the CXCR4 antagonist CTCE-9908 on metastatic homing and primary tumor growth in vitro and in vivo in an orthotopic xenograft model of esophageal cancer.
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Involvement of CXCR4 chemokine receptor in metastastic HER2-positive esophageal cancer.
PLoS ONE
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A functional linkage of the structurally unrelated receptors HER2 and CXCR4 has been suggested for breast cancer but has not been evaluated for esophageal carcinoma. The inhibition of HER2 leads to a reduction of primary tumor growth and metastases in an orthotopic model of esophageal carcinoma. The chemokine receptor CXCR4 has been implicated in metastatic dissemination of various tumors and correlates with poor survival in esophageal carcinoma. The aim of this study was to investigate a correlation between the expression levels of HER2 and CXCR4 and to evaluate the involvement of CXCR4-expression in HER2-positive esophageal carcinoma. The effects of HER2-inhibition with trastuzumab and of CXCR4-inhibition with AMD3100 on primary tumor growth, metastatic homing, and receptor expression were evaluated in vitro and in an orthotopic model of metastatic esophageal carcinoma using MRI for imaging. The clinical relevance of HER2- and CXCR4-expression was examined in esophageal carcinoma patients. A significant correlation of HER2- and CXCR4-expression in primary tumor and metastases exists in the orthotopic model. Trastuzumab and AMD3100 treatment led to a significant reduction of primary tumor growth, metastases and micrometastases. HER2-expression was significantly elevated under AMD3100 treatment in the primary tumor and particularly in the metastases. The positive correlation between HER2- and CXCR4-expression was validated in esophageal cancer patients. The correlation of CXCR4- and HER2-expression and the elevation of HER2-expression and reduction of metastases through CXCR4-inhibition suggest a possible functional linkage and a role in tumor dissemination in HER2-positive esophageal carcinoma.
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CXCR4/SDF-1?-mediated chemotaxis in an in vivo model of metastatic esophageal carcinoma.
In Vivo
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The chemokine receptor CXCR4 and its ligand (stromal cell-derived factor-1alpha; SDF-1?) play an important role in tumor cell chemotaxis and metastatic homing of esophageal carcinoma. Several methods are available to examine tumor cell migration in vitro. However, in vivo chemotaxis is subject to complex tumor-host interactions. The aim of this study was to establish an in vivo model of chemotaxis for esophageal carcinoma that allows the examination of tumor cell migration and metastatic homing in the complex microenvironment.
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What is Visualize?

JoVE Visualize is a tool created to match the last 5 years of PubMed publications to methods in JoVE's video library.

How does it work?

We use abstracts found on PubMed and match them to JoVE videos to create a list of 10 to 30 related methods videos.

Video X seems to be unrelated to Abstract Y...

In developing our video relationships, we compare around 5 million PubMed articles to our library of over 4,500 methods videos. In some cases the language used in the PubMed abstracts makes matching that content to a JoVE video difficult. In other cases, there happens not to be any content in our video library that is relevant to the topic of a given abstract. In these cases, our algorithms are trying their best to display videos with relevant content, which can sometimes result in matched videos with only a slight relation.