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Find video protocols related to scientific articles indexed in Pubmed.
A series of cobalt and nickel clusters based on thiol-containing ligands accompanied by in situ ligand formation.
Dalton Trans
PUBLISHED: 11-08-2014
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Eight cobalt and nickel clusters with the formulae [Co4(?4-O)(MBT)5(?2-Piv)] (), [Ni3(MBT)2()2(OCH3)2] (), [Ni4(?3-S)(?3-S2)(MBT)2()] (), [Ni4()4] (), [Ni6(?4-S)3(MBT)6]·(C2H5OH)2 (), H[Co4(?4-O)(HMBI)6]·(NO3)(TEA)0.5(CH3OH)2(H2O) (), [Ni2(HMBI)4]·(CH3OH)2 (), and [Ni5(MBI)2(HMBI)4(OCH3)2]·(CH3OH)3(H2O)2 () (HPiv = pivalic acid, H = 2-disulfanylbenzo[d]thiazole, H2 = (Z)-2-((2-mercaptophenyl)imino)benzo[d]thiazole-3(2H)-thiol, H2 = (Z)-2-(benzo[d]thiazol-2(3H)-ylideneamino)benzenethiol, TEA = triethylamine) have been solvothermally prepared via assembling distinct metal resource and thiol-containing ligands 2-mercaptobenzothiazole (HMBT)/2-mercaptobenzimidazole (H2MBI). Complexes and are tetrahedral cobalt clusters. Complex features linear arrangement of nickel ions. Complexes and are tetranuclear nickel clusters with the butterfly and square shape, respectively. Complex displays a trigonal prism geometry. Complexes and exhibit paddle-wheel and trigonal bipyramidal geometry, respectively. The starting ligand HMBT undergoes in situ ligand transformation in the formation of the nickel clusters, and the new generated inorganic ligands (S(2-) and S2(2-)) and organic ligands (H, H2 and H2) were captured within the metallic cores. Magnetic studies indicate that complexes and show dominating antiferromagnetic couplings and that spin frustration exists in .
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Large magnetocaloric effect in a dense and stable inorganic-organic hybrid cobridged by in situ generated sulfate and oxalate.
Chem Asian J
PUBLISHED: 07-07-2014
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A dense and stable inorganic-organic hybrid with distorted cubic [Gd4 O4 ] units as building blocks bridged by in situ generated sulfate and oxalate was synthesized. Magnetic measurements indicate that the title complex features a -?Sm (max) =51.49?J?kg(-1) ?K(-1) , which is among the highest values reported so far.
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Doping cobalt into a [Zn?] cluster-based MOF to tune magnetic behaviour and induce fluorescence signal mutation.
Dalton Trans
PUBLISHED: 06-24-2014
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An in situ doping strategy was successfully applied to tune the magnetic behaviour and induce fluorescence signal mutation of a spindle heptanuclear zinc cluster-based MOF, by only modifying its structural composition. The Co(II)-doped Zn(II)-MTV-M'MOF exhibits canted antiferromagnetism and weaker fluorescence properties.
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Overexpression of platelet-derived growth factor-D as a poor prognosticator in endometrial cancer.
Asian Pac. J. Cancer Prev.
PUBLISHED: 05-30-2014
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Emerging evidence implicates the platelet-derived growth factor-D (PDGF-D) in many types of human solid tumors. We investigated whether PDGF-D plays an important role in endometrial cancer (EC) in relation to clinicopathologic phenotype, angiogenesis, and patient prognosis.
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Low-dimensional carboxylate-bridged Gd(III) complexes for magnetic refrigeration.
Chem Asian J
PUBLISHED: 02-12-2014
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Four carboxylate-bridged Gd(III) complexes (1-4) with 1D/2D structures have been synthesized by using the hydrothermal reaction of Gd2O3 with various carboxylate ligands. Compounds 1 and 2 contained the same [2n] Gd(III)-OH ladders, but with different crystallographically independent Gd(III) ions, whilst the structures of compounds 3 and 4 were composed of [Gd4(?3-OH)2(piv)8(H2O)2](2+) units and 1D ladder Gd(III) chains, respectively. Antiferromagnetic interactions occurred in compounds 1-3, owing to their small Gd-O-Gd angles, whereas ferromagnetic coupling occurred in compound 4, in which the Gd-O-Gd angles were larger. These complexes exhibited a distinct magnetocaloric effect (MCE), which was affected by their different magnetic densities and exchange interactions. Among these compounds, complex 4 presented the largest MCE (-?S(m)(max)=43.6?J?kg(-1) K(-1)), the lowest M(w)/N(Gd) ratio (the highest magnetic density), and weak ferromagnetic coupling. Therefore, a lower M(w)/N(Gd) ratio and weaker exchange interactions (a smaller absolute value of ?) between Gd(III) ions resulted in a larger MCE for the Gd(III) complexes.
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MicroRNA-492 reverses high glucose-induced insulin resistance in HUVEC cells through targeting resistin.
Mol. Cell. Biochem.
PUBLISHED: 01-29-2014
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The development of atherosclerosis (AS) is a multifactorial process, in which elevated plasma resistin (a key factor leading to insulin resistance) levels play an important role. Emerging evidence indicate that microRNAs (miRNAs) are involved in AS; However, the regulation and function of miRNAs in response to AS remain poorly understood. Our study analyzed the effects of miR-492 on insulin resistance, endothelial activation, and resistin expression in apoE knock-out mice and human umbilical vein endothelial cells after high-glucose treatment and miR-492 mimics transfection. We also investigated the underlying molecular mechanisms. Our results showed that high glucose stress induced a significant decrease in miR-492 expression, with a remarkable upregulation of resistin expression. We then identified resistin as a novel direct target of miR-492 using 3'-UTR luciferase reporter assay. Histopathologic examination demonstrated that upregulation of miR-492 attenuated endothelial cells migration and lipid accumulation induced by high glucose stress. Further investigation demonstrated that the upregulation of p-STAT3, SOCS, and P-selectin activation induced by high glucose stress was attenuated by upregulation of miR-492. Together, our findings indicate that miR-492 contributes to insulin resistance and endothelial dysfunction induced by high glucose, via directly downregulating resistin expression, and involving STAT3 phosphorylation, SOCS, and P-selectin activation.
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Zinc protoporphyrin IX enhances chemotherapeutic response of hepatoma cells to cisplatin.
World J. Gastroenterol.
PUBLISHED: 01-14-2014
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To investigate the effect of zinc protoporphyrin IX on the response of hepatoma cells to cisplatin and the possible mechanism involved.
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[Chemical constituents from whole plants of Carduus acanthoides].
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi
PUBLISHED: 11-09-2013
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Fourteen compounds were isolated from wholeplants of Carduus acanthoides by various chromatographic techniques including column chromatography over HP-20 macroporous resin, MCI gel, silica gel, Sephadex LH-20 and ODS and reversed-phase HPLC. Their structures were identified as salidroside (1), 2-(3,4-dihydroxyphenyl)-ethyl-O-beta-D-glucopyranoside (2), 3,5-di-hydroxyphenethyl alcohol-3-O-beta-D-glucopyranoside (3), p-coumaric acid (4), 3-hydroxy-1-(4-hydroxy-3-methoxyphenyl) propan-1-one (5), 3-hydroxy-1-(4-hydroxy-3,5-dimethoxyphenyl) propan-1-one (6), syringin (7), p-hydroxybenzaldehyde (8), salicylic acid (9), tachioside (10), vanillic acid-4-O-beta-D-glucopyranoside (11), syringic aldehyde (12), 2,6-dimethoxy-4-hydroxyphenol-1-O-beta-D-glucopyranoside (13), and 2, 6-dimethoxy-p-hydroquinone-4-0-P-D-glucopyranoside (14) on the basis of spectroscopic data analysiS. All compounds were isolated from the genus Carduus for the first time except for compounds 4 and 7.
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Two new glycosides from Carduus acanthoides.
J Asian Nat Prod Res
PUBLISHED: 11-01-2013
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Two new glycosides, syringic acid-4-O-?-l-arabinopyranoside (1) and kaempferol-3-O-?-l-rhamnopyranosyl-7-O-?-d-glucuronopyranoside (2), were isolated from whole plants of Carduus acanthoides (Asteraceae), and their structures were elucidated on the basis of spectroscopic analysis.
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[Size distribution of carbonaceous particulate matter in atmosphere of Shanghai, China].
Huan Jing Ke Xue
PUBLISHED: 08-07-2013
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Using STAPLEX pumping system with a six-stage cascade impactor (size range: <0.49 microm, 0.49-0.95 microm, 0.95-1.5 microm, 1.5-3.0 microm, 3.0-7.2 microm, > 7.2 microm), the atmospheric particulate samples at suburb (Jiading District) and urban (Xuhui District) sites in Shanghai, China were collected from May 2010 to May 2011. The organic carbon (OC) and the element carbon (EC) of those samples were analyzed by a DRI Model 2001 thermal/optical carbon analyzer with the reflectance (TOR) method. The size distributions of OC and EC in atmospheric particles both showed bimodal distributions at Jiading and Xuhui, with the peaks at size range of < 0.49 microm. Meanwhile, the average annual concentrations of OC and EC in PM3.0 were 16.35 microg x m(-3) and 2.22 microg x m(-3) at Jiading, 11.85 microg x m(-3) and 1.91 microg x m(-3) at Xuhui, respectively. The higher concentrations of particulate matters together with their carbonaceous species at the suburb site indicated that the particulate and carbonaceous aerosol pollution was more serious at suburb than at urban in Shanghai. Compared with Xuhui, the OC shared a higher homology with EC at < 1.5 microm sizes at Jiading, which suggested that OC was mostly derived from combustion sources at urban site in Shanghai. Furthermore, the OC/EC mass ratios at various particulate sizes and those ratios of different sources were discussed. The result suggested that more vehicle emission and more road dust were present at Xuhui District. Moreover, the second organic carbon (SOC) were estimated using EC as a tracer of primary organic carbon, the SOC mass concentration in PM3.0 was 6.76 microg x m(-3) and had a proportion of 69% of OC in Shanghai, which also showed a bimodal distribution with peaks at size of 0. 49-0.95 microm and 3.0-7.2 microm, respectively.
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An unprecedented decanuclear Gd(III) cluster for magnetic refrigeration.
Inorg Chem
PUBLISHED: 07-29-2013
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An unprecedented decanuclear Gd(III) cluster composed of the [Gd10(?3-OH)8](22+) core has been hydrothermally synthesized. Magnetic analyses indicate that this complex shows weak antiferromagnetic behavior with a relatively large magnetocaloric effect (-?S(m)(max) = 31.22 J kg(-1) K(-1)).
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A new ditopic ratiometric receptor for detecting zinc and fluoride ions in living cells.
Analyst
PUBLISHED: 07-29-2013
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The synthesis, characterization and ion binding properties of a new ditopic ratiometric receptor (1), based on 2-(4,5-dihydro-1H-imidazol-2-yl)phenol and crown ether moieties, have been described. The ditopic ratiometric receptor has been studied in sensing both F(-) and Zn(2+) ions, exhibiting different fluorescent colour changes from cyan green to blue/black observable by the naked eye under UV-light. The addition of Zn(2+) to the solution of 1 induced the formation of a 2?:?2 ligand-metal complex 1-Zn(2+), which displays a remarkable blue shift of the emission maxima of 1 from 455 nm to 400 nm due to the inhibition of excited-state intramolecular proton transfer (ESIPT) mechanism. The sensing processes were monitored by fluorescence/absorption titrations, and further confirmed by Jobs plot and (1)H NMR titrations. The crystal structure of 1-Zn(2+) reveals that 1 binds Zn(2+) in four-coordinated modes. Furthermore, 1 is cell permeable and may be applied to detect trace Zn(2+) and F(-) during the development of a living organism.
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Synthesis and ferrimagnetic properties of an unprecedented polynuclear cobalt complex composed of [Co24] macrocycles.
Chem. Commun. (Camb.)
PUBLISHED: 07-05-2013
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An unprecedented polynuclear cobalt complex with a [Co(24)] macrocycle in the presence of [Co(H(2)O)(6)](2+) has been prepared and characterized. In this complex, [Co(H(2)O)(6)](2+) not only acts as a counterion to balance the negative charge of the 2D layer, but may also serve as a template in the assembly of the [Co(24)] macrocyclic complex through hydrogen-bond interactions. Magnetic analyses indicate that the title compound shows homometallic ferrimagnetic behavior.
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[Influence of sensor spectral parameters on the simulation of hypespectral data based on the spectral reconstruction approach].
Guang Pu Xue Yu Guang Pu Fen Xi
PUBLISHED: 05-24-2013
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Data simulation has been widely used in various applications of remote sensing, especially in design of new type sensors, test of new developed algorithms and other associated applications. However, change of parameters of sensor and its system can affect the accuracy of data simulations. Based on spectral reconstruction, the present study employs convolution of spectral response function (SRF) of four bands-blue, green, red, and infrared red within the wide field of view multispectral imager to analyze the impact central wavelength and bandwidth have on the accuracy of spectral reconstruction. The results show that root mean square error (RMSE) caused by central wavelength displacement is less than 0.025, while RMSE caused by bandwidth shift is less than 0.012, indicating the good accuracy of data simulations. Apparently, central wavelength and bandwidth have impact on accuracy of spectral reconstruction to some extent. Therefore, hyperspectral reconstruction depending on central wavelength and bandwidth is conducive for users to further understand hyperspectral imaging system, to find the main factor(s) influencing system performance, to better simulate hyperspectral data and to broaden the application range of remotely sensed data.
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[Characterization of chemical compositions in PM2.5 and its impact on hazy weather during 16th Asian Games in Guangzhou].
Huan Jing Ke Xue
PUBLISHED: 05-15-2013
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Aerosol samples for PM2.5 were collected days and nights from 4 to 30 November 2010 in Guangzhou. The concentrations of organic carbon, element carbon, and water-solubility ions of all particle samples were determined by thermal/optical carbon analyzer and ion chromatography, respectively. In-situ online PM,, mass concentrations, light extinction coefficients (bext), and selected meteorological parameters for this period were also measured. Temporal variation of PM,, mass concentrations and its relationship with bext were discussed, and bext was reconstructed by revised IMPROVE formula. The results showed that the average mass concentration ol PM2.5 was (77.0 +/- 24.4) microg.m-3 during the Asian Games period, which was 27.8% lower than that of the period before Asian Games. PM2.5 and relative humidity were the dominant factors contributing to hazy weather. The average value of bx, was 418 Mm-1 during the Asian Games period, which was 28.3% lower than that of the period before Asian Games. The major contributors to bext included (NH4) 2SO4, POM, and LAC, which accounted for 87.0% of bext during the Asian Games period. A series of stringent air quality control measures were implemented by the Guangzhou Municipal Government and other cooperative cities, which greatly alleviated the hazy weathers in Guangzhou urban area during the Asian Games period.
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Comparison and implications of PM?.? carbon fractions in different environments.
Sci. Total Environ.
PUBLISHED: 04-03-2013
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The concentrations of PM?.? carbon fractions in rural, urban, tunnel and remote environments were measured using the IMPROVE thermal optical reflectance (TOR) method. The highest OC1 and EC1 concentrations were found for tunnel samples, while the highest OC2, OC3, and OC4 concentrations were observed for urban winter samples, respectively. The lowest levels of most carbon fractions were found for remote samples. The percentage contributions of carbon fractions to total carbon (TC) were characterized by one peak (at rural and remote sites) and two peaks (at urban and tunnel sites) with different carbon fractions, respectively. The abundance of char in tunnel and urban environments was observed, which might partly be due to traffic-related tire-wear. Various percentages of optically scattering OC and absorbing EC fractions to TC were found in the four different environments. In addition, the contribution of heating carbon fractions (char and soot) indicated various warming effects per unit mass of TC. The ratios of OC/EC and char/soot at the sites were shown to be source indicators. The investigation of carbon fractions at different sites may provide some information for improving model parameters in estimating their radiative effects.
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Slow magnetic relaxation in two new 1D/0D Dy(III) complexes with a sterically hindered carboxylate ligand.
Inorg Chem
PUBLISHED: 02-04-2013
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Two carboxylate-bridged Dy(III) complexes, [Dy(2)(piv)(5)(?(3)-OH)(H(2)O)](n) (1) and [Dy(2)(piv)(6)(phen)(2)] (2) (pivH = pivalic acid; phen = 1,10-phenanthroline), have been synthesized and structurally characterized. Complex 1 takes a one-dimensional (1D) chain structure based on [Dy(4)(?(3)-OH)(2)(piv)(8)(H(2)O)(2)](2+) units, while complex 2 is a dinuclear structure bridged by syn,syn-carboxylates. Magnetic investigation indicates weak ferromagnetic interaction between adjacent Dy(III) ions of the Dy(4) unit in 1 and weak intramolecular antiferromagnetic interaction between Dy(III) ions and/or depopulation of the Dy(III) excited-state Stark sublevels in 2. Alternating-current susceptibility measurements revealed frequency- and temperature-dependent out-of-phase signals under a zero direct-current field in 1, with typical slow magnetic relaxation behavior with an anisotropic barrier U ? 4.5 K, while 2 exhibits field-induced single-molecule-magnet behavior with ?E/k(B) = 28.43 K under a 2 kOe external field.
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Hydrogen-rich saline protects against renal ischemia/reperfusion injury in rats.
J. Surg. Res.
PUBLISHED: 08-30-2010
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Recently it has been demonstrated that hydrogen, as a novel antioxidant, can selectively reduce hydroxyl radicals (·OH) and peroxynitrite anion (ONOO-) in vitro and exert therapeutic antioxidant activity in many diseases. This study was designed to investigate the effect of hydrogen-rich saline on renal ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) injury in rats.
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[Day-night variation of carbonaceous aerosols in PM10 during winter and spring over Xian].
Huan Jing Ke Xue
PUBLISHED: 06-30-2009
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The purpose of this study was to investigate the day-night variation of carbonaceous aerosols in PM10 during spring and winter over Xian. PM10 samples were collected during 19 Dec 2006 to 21 Jan 2007 (Winter) and 1 Apr 2007 to 30 Apr 2007 (Spring). Organic carbon (OC) and elemental carbon (EC) concentrations were measured using thermal-optical method. PM10, OC, and EC concentrations in winter were 455.0, 62.4, and 7.5 microg/m3 during daytime, and 448.7, 66.1, and 6.9 microg/m3 for nighttime, respectively, while in spring were 397.9, 26.7, and 6.9 microg/m3 for daytime, and 362.1, 31.9, and 8.6 microg/m3 for nighttime. The correlation coefficient of OC and EC during daytime in winter was 0.44, while a strong relationship between OC and EC was observed in spring daytime, indicating that the emission sources of carbonaceous aerosol in winter were more complicated than those in spring. Due to high OC levels and the weaker dispersal ability of atmosphere, the mean concentrations of SOC during winter (8.9 and 10.2 microg/m3 at daytime and nighttime) were much higher than those in spring (2.8 and 3.4 microg/m3). Factor analysis on the eight carbon fraction indicated that coal combustion and biomass burning were the major sources for carbonaceous aerosol in winter, while vehicle exhaust played an important role in spring.
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Fe20 cluster units based coordination polymer from in situ ligand conversion and trapping of an intermediate.
Inorg Chem
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A coordination polymer based on an unprecedented Fe(20) core has been constructed by in situ ligand conversion, including trapping of an intermediate.
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Two new Co(II) coordination polymers based on carboxylate-bridged di- and trinuclear clusters with a pyridinedicarboxylate ligand: synthesis, structures and magnetism.
Dalton Trans
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Two new Co(II) coordination polymers with a pyridinedicarboxylate ligand, {[Co(L)(H(2)O)]·H(2)O}(n) (1) and [Co(3)(HCOO)(2)(L)(2)(H(2)O)(2)](n) (2) (H(2)L = 5-(pyridin-4-yl)isophthalic acid), have been synthesized and structurally characterized by elemental analysis, IR, XRPD, and single-crystal X-ray diffraction. Structure analyses show that complex 1 has a two-dimensional (2D) double-layered structure with a (3,6)-connected kgd topology based on [Co(2)O(2)] units, while complex 2 takes a three-dimensional (3D) structure with (3,6)-connected rtl topology network based on linear [Co(3)(HCOO)(2)(CO(2))(4)] clusters with triple carboxylate bridges. Magnetic investigation indicates that besides strong spin-orbit coupling of Co(II) ions, ferromagnetic and weak ferromagnetic exchange interactions between Co(II) ions in the Co(2) and Co(3) clusters exist in 1 and 2, respectively. The FC/ZFC magnetization behaviors for both of them suggest the absence of any long-range magnetic ordering.
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What is Visualize?

JoVE Visualize is a tool created to match the last 5 years of PubMed publications to methods in JoVE's video library.

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We use abstracts found on PubMed and match them to JoVE videos to create a list of 10 to 30 related methods videos.

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In developing our video relationships, we compare around 5 million PubMed articles to our library of over 4,500 methods videos. In some cases the language used in the PubMed abstracts makes matching that content to a JoVE video difficult. In other cases, there happens not to be any content in our video library that is relevant to the topic of a given abstract. In these cases, our algorithms are trying their best to display videos with relevant content, which can sometimes result in matched videos with only a slight relation.