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Find video protocols related to scientific articles indexed in Pubmed.
Parent-of-origin-specific allelic associations among 106 genomic loci for age at menarche.
John R B Perry, Felix Day, Cathy E Elks, Patrick Sulem, Deborah J Thompson, Teresa Ferreira, Chunyan He, Daniel I Chasman, Tonu Esko, Gudmar Thorleifsson, Eva Albrecht, Wei Q Ang, Tanguy Corre, Diana L Cousminer, Bjarke Feenstra, Nora Franceschini, Andrea Ganna, Andrew D Johnson, Sanela Kjellqvist, Kathryn L Lunetta, George McMahon, Ilja M Nolte, Lavinia Paternoster, Eleonora Porcu, Albert V Smith, Lisette Stolk, Alexander Teumer, Natalia Tšernikova, Emmi Tikkanen, Sheila Ulivi, Erin K Wagner, Najaf Amin, Laura J Bierut, Enda M Byrne, Jouke-Jan Hottenga, Daniel L Koller, Massimo Mangino, Tune H Pers, Laura M Yerges-Armstrong, Jing Hua Zhao, Irene L Andrulis, Hoda Anton-Culver, Femke Atsma, Stefania Bandinelli, Matthias W Beckmann, Javier Benitez, Carl Blomqvist, Stig E Bojesen, Manjeet K Bolla, Bernardo Bonanni, Hiltrud Brauch, Hermann Brenner, Julie E Buring, Jenny Chang-Claude, Stephen Chanock, Jinhui Chen, Georgia Chenevix-Trench, J Margriet Collée, Fergus J Couch, David Couper, Andrea D Coviello, Angela Cox, Kamila Czene, Adamo Pio D'adamo, George Davey Smith, Immaculata De Vivo, Ellen W Demerath, Joe Dennis, Peter Devilee, Aida K Dieffenbach, Alison M Dunning, Gudny Eiriksdottir, Johan G Eriksson, Peter A Fasching, Luigi Ferrucci, Dieter Flesch-Janys, Henrik Flyger, Tatiana Foroud, Lude Franke, Melissa E Garcia, Montserrat Garcia-Closas, Frank Geller, Eco E J de Geus, Graham G Giles, Daniel F Gudbjartsson, Vilmundur Gudnason, Pascal Guénel, Suiqun Guo, Per Hall, Ute Hamann, Robin Haring, Catharina A Hartman, Andrew C Heath, Albert Hofman, Maartje J Hooning, John L Hopper, Frank B Hu, David J Hunter, David Karasik, Douglas P Kiel, Julia A Knight, Veli-Matti Kosma, Zoltan Kutalik, Sandra Lai, Diether Lambrechts, Annika Lindblom, Reedik Mägi, Patrik K Magnusson, Arto Mannermaa, Nicholas G Martin, Gisli Masson, Patrick F McArdle, Wendy L McArdle, Mads Melbye, Kyriaki Michailidou, Evelin Mihailov, Lili Milani, Roger L Milne, Heli Nevanlinna, Patrick Neven, Ellen A Nohr, Albertine J Oldehinkel, Ben A Oostra, Aarno Palotie, Munro Peacock, Nancy L Pedersen, Paolo Peterlongo, Julian Peto, Paul D P Pharoah, Dirkje S Postma, Anneli Pouta, Katri Pylkäs, Paolo Radice, Susan Ring, Fernando Rivadeneira, Antonietta Robino, Lynda M Rose, Anja Rudolph, Veikko Salomaa, Serena Sanna, David Schlessinger, Marjanka K Schmidt, Mellissa C Southey, Ulla Sovio, Meir J Stampfer, Doris Stöckl, Anna M Storniolo, Nicholas J Timpson, Jonathan Tyrer, Jenny A Visser, Peter Vollenweider, Henry Völzke, Gérard Waeber, Melanie Waldenberger, Henri Wallaschofski, Qin Wang, Gonneke Willemsen, Robert Winqvist, Bruce H R Wolffenbuttel, Margaret J Wright, , Dorret I Boomsma, Michael J Econs, Kay-Tee Khaw, Ruth J F Loos, Mark I McCarthy, Grant W Montgomery, John P Rice, Elizabeth A Streeten, Unnur Thorsteinsdottir, Cornelia M van Duijn, Behrooz Z Alizadeh, Sven Bergmann, Eric Boerwinkle, Heather A Boyd, Laura Crisponi, Paolo Gasparini, Christian Gieger, Tamara B Harris, Erik Ingelsson, Marjo-Riitta Järvelin, Peter Kraft, Debbie Lawlor, Andres Metspalu, Craig E Pennell, Paul M Ridker, Harold Snieder, Thorkild I A Sørensen, Tim D Spector, David P Strachan, André G Uitterlinden, Nicholas J Wareham, Elisabeth Widén, Marek Zygmunt, Anna Murray, Douglas F Easton, Kari Stefansson, Joanne M Murabito, Ken K Ong.
Nature
PUBLISHED: 05-30-2014
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Age at menarche is a marker of timing of puberty in females. It varies widely between individuals, is a heritable trait and is associated with risks for obesity, type 2 diabetes, cardiovascular disease, breast cancer and all-cause mortality. Studies of rare human disorders of puberty and animal models point to a complex hypothalamic-pituitary-hormonal regulation, but the mechanisms that determine pubertal timing and underlie its links to disease risk remain unclear. Here, using genome-wide and custom-genotyping arrays in up to 182,416 women of European descent from 57 studies, we found robust evidence (P?
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Common variants in UMOD associate with urinary uromodulin levels: a meta-analysis.
J. Am. Soc. Nephrol.
PUBLISHED: 02-27-2014
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Uromodulin is expressed exclusively in the thick ascending limb and is the most abundant protein excreted in normal urine. Variants in UMOD, which encodes uromodulin, are associated with renal function, and urinary uromodulin levels may be a biomarker for kidney disease. However, the genetic factors regulating uromodulin excretion are unknown. We conducted a meta-analysis of urinary uromodulin levels to identify associated common genetic variants in the general population. We included 10,884 individuals of European descent from three genetic isolates and three urban cohorts. Each study measured uromodulin indexed to creatinine and conducted linear regression analysis of approximately 2.5 million single nucleotide polymorphisms using an additive model. We also tested whether variants in genes expressed in the thick ascending limb associate with uromodulin levels. rs12917707, located near UMOD and previously associated with renal function and CKD, had the strongest association with urinary uromodulin levels (P<0.001). In all cohorts, carriers of a G allele of this variant had higher uromodulin levels than noncarriers did (geometric means 10.24, 14.05, and 17.67 ?g/g creatinine for zero, one, or two copies of the G allele). rs12446492 in the adjacent gene PDILT (protein disulfide isomerase-like, testis expressed) also reached genome-wide significance (P<0.001). Regarding genes expressed in the thick ascending limb, variants in KCNJ1, SORL1, and CAB39 associated with urinary uromodulin levels. These data indicate that common variants in the UMOD promoter region may influence urinary uromodulin levels. They also provide insights into uromodulin biology and the association of UMOD variants with renal function.
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Gene-age interactions in blood pressure regulation: a large-scale investigation with the CHARGE, Global BPgen, and ICBP Consortia.
Jeannette Simino, Gang Shi, Joshua C Bis, Daniel I Chasman, Georg B Ehret, Xiangjun Gu, Xiuqing Guo, Shih-Jen Hwang, Eric Sijbrands, Albert V Smith, Germaine C Verwoert, Jennifer L Bragg-Gresham, Gemma Cadby, Peng Chen, Ching-Yu Cheng, Tanguy Corre, Rudolf A de Boer, Anuj Goel, Toby Johnson, Chiea-Chuen Khor, , Carla Lluis-Ganella, Jian'an Luan, Leo-Pekka Lyytikäinen, Ilja M Nolte, Xueling Sim, Siim Sõber, Peter J van der Most, Niek Verweij, Jing Hua Zhao, Najaf Amin, Eric Boerwinkle, Claude Bouchard, Abbas Dehghan, Gudny Eiriksdottir, Roberto Elosua, Oscar H Franco, Christian Gieger, Tamara B Harris, Serge Hercberg, Albert Hofman, Alan L James, Andrew D Johnson, Mika Kähönen, Kay-Tee Khaw, Zoltan Kutalik, Martin G Larson, Lenore J Launer, Guo Li, Jianjun Liu, Kiang Liu, Alanna C Morrison, Gerjan Navis, Rick Twee-Hee Ong, George J Papanicolau, Brenda W Penninx, Bruce M Psaty, Leslie J Raffel, Olli T Raitakari, Kenneth Rice, Fernando Rivadeneira, Lynda M Rose, Serena Sanna, Robert A Scott, David S Siscovick, Ronald P Stolk, André G Uitterlinden, Dhananjay Vaidya, Melanie M van der Klauw, Ramachandran S Vasan, Eranga Nishanthie Vithana, Uwe Völker, Henry Völzke, Hugh Watkins, Terri L Young, Tin Aung, Murielle Bochud, Martin Farrall, Catharina A Hartman, Maris Laan, Edward G Lakatta, Terho Lehtimäki, Ruth J F Loos, Gavin Lucas, Pierre Meneton, Lyle J Palmer, Rainer Rettig, Harold Snieder, E Shyong Tai, Yik-Ying Teo, Pim van der Harst, Nicholas J Wareham, Cisca Wijmenga, Tien Yin Wong, Myriam Fornage, Vilmundur Gudnason, Daniel Levy, Walter Palmas, Paul M Ridker, Jerome I Rotter, Cornelia M van Duijn, Jacqueline C M Witteman, Aravinda Chakravarti, Dabeeru C Rao.
Am. J. Hum. Genet.
PUBLISHED: 02-22-2014
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Although age-dependent effects on blood pressure (BP) have been reported, they have not been systematically investigated in large-scale genome-wide association studies (GWASs). We leveraged the infrastructure of three well-established consortia (CHARGE, GBPgen, and ICBP) and a nonstandard approach (age stratification and metaregression) to conduct a genome-wide search of common variants with age-dependent effects on systolic (SBP), diastolic (DBP), mean arterial (MAP), and pulse (PP) pressure. In a two-staged design using 99,241 individuals of European ancestry, we identified 20 genome-wide significant (p ? 5 × 10(-8)) loci by using joint tests of the SNP main effect and SNP-age interaction. Nine of the significant loci demonstrated nominal evidence of age-dependent effects on BP by tests of the interactions alone. Index SNPs in the EHBP1L1 (DBP and MAP), CASZ1 (SBP and MAP), and GOSR2 (PP) loci exhibited the largest age interactions, with opposite directions of effect in the young versus the old. The changes in the genetic effects over time were small but nonnegligible (up to 1.58 mm Hg over 60 years). The EHBP1L1 locus was discovered through gene-age interactions only in whites but had DBP main effects replicated (p = 8.3 × 10(-4)) in 8,682 Asians from Singapore, indicating potential interethnic heterogeneity. A secondary analysis revealed 22 loci with evidence of age-specific effects (e.g., only in 20 to 29-year-olds). Age can be used to select samples with larger genetic effect sizes and more homogenous phenotypes, which may increase statistical power. Age-dependent effects identified through novel statistical approaches can provide insight into the biology and temporal regulation underlying BP associations.
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Identification of novel genetic Loci associated with thyroid peroxidase antibodies and clinical thyroid disease.
Marco Medici, Eleonora Porcu, Giorgio Pistis, Alexander Teumer, Suzanne J Brown, Richard A Jensen, Rajesh Rawal, Greet L Roef, Theo S Plantinga, Sita H Vermeulen, Jari Lahti, Matthew J Simmonds, Lise Lotte N Husemoen, Rachel M Freathy, Beverley M Shields, Diana Pietzner, Rebecca Nagy, Linda Broer, Layal Chaker, Tim I M Korevaar, Maria Grazia Plia, Cinzia Sala, Uwe Völker, J Brent Richards, Fred C Sweep, Christian Gieger, Tanguy Corre, Eero Kajantie, Betina Thuesen, Youri E Taes, W Edward Visser, Andrew T Hattersley, Jürgen Kratzsch, Alexander Hamilton, Wei Li, Georg Homuth, Monia Lobina, Stefano Mariotti, Nicole Soranzo, Massimiliano Cocca, Matthias Nauck, Christin Spielhagen, Alec Ross, Alice Arnold, Martijn van de Bunt, Sandya Liyanarachchi, Margit Heier, Hans Jörgen Grabe, Corrado Masciullo, Tessel E Galesloot, Ee M Lim, Eva Reischl, Peter J Leedman, Sandra Lai, Alessandro Delitala, Alexandra P Bremner, David I W Philips, John P Beilby, Antonella Mulas, Matteo Vocale, Goncalo Abecasis, Tom Forsén, Alan James, Elisabeth Widén, Jennie Hui, Holger Prokisch, Ernst E Rietzschel, Aarno Palotie, Peter Feddema, Stephen J Fletcher, Katharina Schramm, Jerome I Rotter, Alexander Kluttig, Dörte Radke, Michela Traglia, Gabriela L Surdulescu, Huiling He, Jayne A Franklyn, Daniel Tiller, Bijay Vaidya, Tim de Meyer, Torben Jørgensen, Johan G Eriksson, Peter C O'Leary, Eric Wichmann, Ad R Hermus, Bruce M Psaty, Till Ittermann, Albert Hofman, Emanuele Bosi, David Schlessinger, Henri Wallaschofski, Nicola Pirastu, Yurii S Aulchenko, Albert de la Chapelle, Romana T Netea-Maier, Stephen C L Gough, Henriette Meyer zu Schwabedissen, Timothy M Frayling, Jean-Marc Kaufman, Allan Linneberg, Katri Räikkönen, Johannes W A Smit, Lambertus A Kiemeney, Fernando Rivadeneira, André G Uitterlinden, John P Walsh, Christa Meisinger, Martin den Heijer, Theo J Visser, Timothy D Spector, Scott G Wilson, Henry Völzke, Anne Cappola, Daniela Toniolo, Serena Sanna, Silvia Naitza, Robin P Peeters.
PLoS Genet.
PUBLISHED: 02-01-2014
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Autoimmune thyroid diseases (AITD) are common, affecting 2-5% of the general population. Individuals with positive thyroid peroxidase antibodies (TPOAbs) have an increased risk of autoimmune hypothyroidism (Hashimoto's thyroiditis), as well as autoimmune hyperthyroidism (Graves' disease). As the possible causative genes of TPOAbs and AITD remain largely unknown, we performed GWAS meta-analyses in 18,297 individuals for TPOAb-positivity (1769 TPOAb-positives and 16,528 TPOAb-negatives) and in 12,353 individuals for TPOAb serum levels, with replication in 8,990 individuals. Significant associations (P<5×10(-8)) were detected at TPO-rs11675434, ATXN2-rs653178, and BACH2-rs10944479 for TPOAb-positivity, and at TPO-rs11675434, MAGI3-rs1230666, and KALRN-rs2010099 for TPOAb levels. Individual and combined effects (genetic risk scores) of these variants on (subclinical) hypo- and hyperthyroidism, goiter and thyroid cancer were studied. Individuals with a high genetic risk score had, besides an increased risk of TPOAb-positivity (OR: 2.18, 95% CI 1.68-2.81, P?=?8.1×10(-8)), a higher risk of increased thyroid-stimulating hormone levels (OR: 1.51, 95% CI 1.26-1.82, P?=?2.9×10(-6)), as well as a decreased risk of goiter (OR: 0.77, 95% CI 0.66-0.89, P?=?6.5×10(-4)). The MAGI3 and BACH2 variants were associated with an increased risk of hyperthyroidism, which was replicated in an independent cohort of patients with Graves' disease (OR: 1.37, 95% CI 1.22-1.54, P?=?1.2×10(-7) and OR: 1.25, 95% CI 1.12-1.39, P?=?6.2×10(-5)). The MAGI3 variant was also associated with an increased risk of hypothyroidism (OR: 1.57, 95% CI 1.18-2.10, P?=?1.9×10(-3)). This first GWAS meta-analysis for TPOAbs identified five newly associated loci, three of which were also associated with clinical thyroid disease. With these markers we identified a large subgroup in the general population with a substantially increased risk of TPOAbs. The results provide insight into why individuals with thyroid autoimmunity do or do not eventually develop thyroid disease, and these markers may therefore predict which TPOAb-positives are particularly at risk of developing clinical thyroid dysfunction.
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DNA mismatch repair gene MSH6 implicated in determining age at natural menopause.
Hum. Mol. Genet.
PUBLISHED: 12-19-2013
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Length of female reproductive lifespan is associated with multiple adverse outcomes, including breast cancer, cardiovascular disease and infertility. The biological processes that govern the timing of the beginning and end of reproductive life are not well understood. Genetic variants are known to contribute to about 50% of the variation in both age at menarche and menopause, but to date the known genes explain <15% of the genetic component. We have used genome-wide association in a bivariate meta-analysis of both traits, to identify genes involved in determining reproductive lifespan. We observed significant genetic correlation between the two traits using Genome-wide Complex Trait Analysis (GCTA). However, we found no robust statistical evidence for individual variants with an effect on both traits. A novel association with age at menopause was detected for a variant rs1800932 in the mismatch repair gene MSH6 (P=1.9x10(-9)), which was also associated with altered expression levels of MSH6 mRNA in multiple tissues. This study contributes to the growing evidence that DNA repair processes play a key role in ovarian ageing and could be an important therapeutic target for infertility.
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Association of adiposity genetic variants with menarche timing in 92,105 women of European descent.
Am. J. Epidemiol.
PUBLISHED: 04-04-2013
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Obesity is of global health concern. There are well-described inverse relationships between female pubertal timing and obesity. Recent genome-wide association studies of age at menarche identified several obesity-related variants. Using data from the ReproGen Consortium, we employed meta-analytical techniques to estimate the associations of 95 a priori and recently identified obesity-related (body mass index (weight (kg)/height (m)(2)), waist circumference, and waist:hip ratio) single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) with age at menarche in 92,116 women of European descent from 38 studies (1970-2010), in order to estimate associations between genetic variants associated with central or overall adiposity and pubertal timing in girls. Investigators in each study performed a separate analysis of associations between the selected SNPs and age at menarche (ages 9-17 years) using linear regression models and adjusting for birth year, site (as appropriate), and population stratification. Heterogeneity of effect-measure estimates was investigated using meta-regression. Six novel associations of body mass index loci with age at menarche were identified, and 11 adiposity loci previously reported to be associated with age at menarche were confirmed, but none of the central adiposity variants individually showed significant associations. These findings suggest complex genetic relationships between menarche and overall obesity, and to a lesser extent central obesity, in normal processes of growth and development.
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A genome-wide association study of early menopause and the combined impact of identified variants.
Hum. Mol. Genet.
PUBLISHED: 01-09-2013
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Early menopause (EM) affects up to 10% of the female population, reducing reproductive lifespan considerably. Currently, it constitutes the leading cause of infertility in the western world, affecting mainly those women who postpone their first pregnancy beyond the age of 30 years. The genetic aetiology of EM is largely unknown in the majority of cases. We have undertaken a meta-analysis of genome-wide association studies (GWASs) in 3493 EM cases and 13 598 controls from 10 independent studies. No novel genetic variants were discovered, but the 17 variants previously associated with normal age at natural menopause as a quantitative trait (QT) were also associated with EM and primary ovarian insufficiency (POI). Thus, EM has a genetic aetiology which overlaps variation in normal age at menopause and is at least partly explained by the additive effects of the same polygenic variants. The combined effect of the common variants captured by the single nucleotide polymorphism arrays was estimated to account for ?30% of the variance in EM. The association between the combined 17 variants and the risk of EM was greater than the best validated non-genetic risk factor, smoking.
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Genome-wide association study identifies six new loci influencing pulse pressure and mean arterial pressure.
Louise V Wain, Germaine C Verwoert, Paul F O'Reilly, Gang Shi, Toby Johnson, Andrew D Johnson, Murielle Bochud, Kenneth M Rice, Peter Henneman, Albert V Smith, Georg B Ehret, Najaf Amin, Martin G Larson, Vincent Mooser, David Hadley, Marcus Dörr, Joshua C Bis, Thor Aspelund, Tonu Esko, A Cecile J W Janssens, Jing Hua Zhao, Simon Heath, Maris Laan, Jingyuan Fu, Giorgio Pistis, Jian'an Luan, Pankaj Arora, Gavin Lucas, Nicola Pirastu, Irene Pichler, Anne U Jackson, Rebecca J Webster, Feng Zhang, John F Peden, Helena Schmidt, Toshiko Tanaka, Harry Campbell, Wilmar Igl, Yuri Milaneschi, Jouke-Jan Hottenga, Veronique Vitart, Daniel I Chasman, Stella Trompet, Jennifer L Bragg-Gresham, Behrooz Z Alizadeh, John C Chambers, Xiuqing Guo, Terho Lehtimäki, Brigitte Kühnel, Lorna M Lopez, Ozren Polašek, Mladen Boban, Christopher P Nelson, Alanna C Morrison, Vasyl Pihur, Santhi K Ganesh, Albert Hofman, Suman Kundu, Francesco U S Mattace-Raso, Fernando Rivadeneira, Eric J G Sijbrands, André G Uitterlinden, Shih-Jen Hwang, Ramachandran S Vasan, Thomas J Wang, Sven Bergmann, Peter Vollenweider, Gérard Waeber, Jaana Laitinen, Anneli Pouta, Paavo Zitting, Wendy L McArdle, Heyo K Kroemer, Uwe Völker, Henry Völzke, Nicole L Glazer, Kent D Taylor, Tamara B Harris, Helene Alavere, Toomas Haller, Aime Keis, Mari-Liis Tammesoo, Yurii Aulchenko, Inês Barroso, Kay-Tee Khaw, Pilar Galán, Serge Hercberg, Mark Lathrop, Susana Eyheramendy, Elin Org, Siim Sõber, Xiaowen Lu, Ilja M Nolte, Brenda W Penninx, Tanguy Corre, Corrado Masciullo, Cinzia Sala, Leif Groop, Benjamin F Voight, Olle Melander, Christopher J O'Donnell, Veikko Salomaa, Adamo Pio D'adamo, Antonella Fabretto, Flavio Faletra, Sheila Ulivi, Fabiola M Del Greco, Maurizio Facheris, Francis S Collins, Richard N Bergman, John P Beilby, Joseph Hung, A William Musk, Massimo Mangino, So-Youn Shin, Nicole Soranzo, Hugh Watkins, Anuj Goel, Anders Hamsten, Pierre Gider, Marisa Loitfelder, Marion Zeginigg, Dena Hernandez, Samer S Najjar, Pau Navarro, Sarah H Wild, Anna Maria Corsi, Andrew Singleton, Eco J C de Geus, Gonneke Willemsen, Alex N Parker, Lynda M Rose, Brendan Buckley, David Stott, Marco Orrù, Manuela Uda, , Melanie M van der Klauw, Weihua Zhang, Xinzhong Li, James Scott, Yii-Der Ida Chen, Gregory L Burke, Mika Kähönen, Jorma Viikari, Angela Döring, Thomas Meitinger, Gail Davies, John M Starr, Valur Emilsson, Andrew Plump, Jan H Lindeman, Peter A C 't Hoen, Inke R König, Janine F Felix, Robert Clarke, Jemma C Hopewell, Halit Ongen, Monique Breteler, Stéphanie Debette, Anita L Destefano, Myriam Fornage, Gary F Mitchell, Nicholas L Smith, Hilma Holm, Kari Stefansson, Gudmar Thorleifsson, Unnur Thorsteinsdottir, Nilesh J Samani, Michael Preuss, Igor Rudan, Caroline Hayward, Ian J Deary, H-Erich Wichmann, Olli T Raitakari, Walter Palmas, Jaspal S Kooner, Ronald P Stolk, J Wouter Jukema, Alan F Wright, Dorret I Boomsma, Stefania Bandinelli, Ulf B Gyllensten, James F Wilson, Luigi Ferrucci, Reinhold Schmidt, Martin Farrall, Tim D Spector, Lyle J Palmer, Jaakko Tuomilehto, Arne Pfeufer, Paolo Gasparini, David Siscovick, David Altshuler, Ruth J F Loos, Daniela Toniolo, Harold Snieder, Christian Gieger, Pierre Meneton, Nicholas J Wareham, Ben A Oostra, Andres Metspalu, Lenore Launer, Rainer Rettig, David P Strachan, Jacques S Beckmann, Jacqueline C M Witteman, Jeanette Erdmann, Ko Willems van Dijk, Eric Boerwinkle, Michael Boehnke, Paul M Ridker, Marjo-Riitta Järvelin, Aravinda Chakravarti, Gonçalo R Abecasis, Vilmundur Gudnason, Christopher Newton-Cheh, Daniel Levy, Patricia B Munroe, Bruce M Psaty, Mark J Caulfield, Dabeeru C Rao, Martin D Tobin, Paul Elliott, Cornelia M van Duijn.
Nat. Genet.
PUBLISHED: 02-10-2011
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Numerous genetic loci have been associated with systolic blood pressure (SBP) and diastolic blood pressure (DBP) in Europeans. We now report genome-wide association studies of pulse pressure (PP) and mean arterial pressure (MAP). In discovery (N = 74,064) and follow-up studies (N = 48,607), we identified at genome-wide significance (P = 2.7 × 10(-8) to P = 2.3 × 10(-13)) four new PP loci (at 4q12 near CHIC2, 7q22.3 near PIK3CG, 8q24.12 in NOV and 11q24.3 near ADAMTS8), two new MAP loci (3p21.31 in MAP4 and 10q25.3 near ADRB1) and one locus associated with both of these traits (2q24.3 near FIGN) that has also recently been associated with SBP in east Asians. For three of the new PP loci, the estimated effect for SBP was opposite of that for DBP, in contrast to the majority of common SBP- and DBP-associated variants, which show concordant effects on both traits. These findings suggest new genetic pathways underlying blood pressure variation, some of which may differentially influence SBP and DBP.
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Inherited genetic susceptibility to monoclonal B-cell lymphocytosis.
Blood
PUBLISHED: 09-20-2010
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Monoclonal B-cell lymphocytosis (MBL) is detectable in > 3% of the general population. Recent data are compatible, at least in a proportion of cases, with MBL being a progenitor lesion for chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) and a surrogate for inherited predisposition. Common single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) at 2q13 (rs17483466), 2q37.1 (rs13397985), 2q37.3 (rs757978), 6p25.3 (rs872071), 8q24.21 (rs2456449), 11q24.1 (rs735665), 15q21.3 (rs7169431), 15q23 (rs7176508), 16q24.1 (rs305061), and 19q13.32 (rs11083846) have been shown to confer a modest but significant increase in CLL risk. To examine the impact of these 10 SNPs on MBL, we analyzed 3 case-control series totaling 419 cases and 1753 controls. An association between genotype and MBL risk was seen for 9 SNPs, 6 of which were statistically significant: rs17483466 (odds ratio [OR] =1.27; P = .02), rs13397985 (OR = 1.40; P = 1.72 × 10(-3)), rs757978 (OR = 1.38; P = .02), rs872071 (OR = 1.27; P = 7.75 × 10(-3)), rs2456449 (OR = 1.31; P = 3.14 × 10(-3)), and rs735665 (OR = 1.63; P = 6.86 × 10(-6)). Collectively, these data provide support for genetic variation influencing CLL risk through predisposition to MBL.
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Thirty new loci for age at menarche identified by a meta-analysis of genome-wide association studies.
Cathy E Elks, John R B Perry, Patrick Sulem, Daniel I Chasman, Nora Franceschini, Chunyan He, Kathryn L Lunetta, Jenny A Visser, Enda M Byrne, Diana L Cousminer, Daniel F Gudbjartsson, Tonu Esko, Bjarke Feenstra, Jouke-Jan Hottenga, Daniel L Koller, Zoltan Kutalik, Peng Lin, Massimo Mangino, Mara Marongiu, Patrick F McArdle, Albert V Smith, Lisette Stolk, Sophie H van Wingerden, Jing Hua Zhao, Eva Albrecht, Tanguy Corre, Erik Ingelsson, Caroline Hayward, Patrik K E Magnusson, Erin N Smith, Shelia Ulivi, Nicole M Warrington, Lina Zgaga, Helen Alavere, Najaf Amin, Thor Aspelund, Stefania Bandinelli, Inês Barroso, Gerald S Berenson, Sven Bergmann, Hannah Blackburn, Eric Boerwinkle, Julie E Buring, Fabio Busonero, Harry Campbell, Stephen J Chanock, Wei Chen, Marilyn C Cornelis, David Couper, Andrea D Coviello, Pio D'Adamo, Ulf de Faire, Eco J C de Geus, Panos Deloukas, Angela Döring, George Davey Smith, Douglas F Easton, Gudny Eiriksdottir, Valur Emilsson, Johan Eriksson, Luigi Ferrucci, Aaron R Folsom, Tatiana Foroud, Melissa Garcia, Paolo Gasparini, Frank Geller, Christian Gieger, , Vilmundur Gudnason, Per Hall, Susan E Hankinson, Liana Ferreli, Andrew C Heath, Dena G Hernandez, Albert Hofman, Frank B Hu, Thomas Illig, Marjo-Riitta Järvelin, Andrew D Johnson, David Karasik, Kay-Tee Khaw, Douglas P Kiel, Tuomas O Kilpeläinen, Ivana Kolčić, Peter Kraft, Lenore J Launer, Joop S E Laven, Shengxu Li, Jianjun Liu, Daniel Levy, Nicholas G Martin, Wendy L McArdle, Mads Melbye, Vincent Mooser, Jeffrey C Murray, Sarah S Murray, Michael A Nalls, Pau Navarro, Mari Nelis, Andrew R Ness, Kate Northstone, Ben A Oostra, Munro Peacock, Lyle J Palmer, Aarno Palotie, Guillaume Paré, Alex N Parker, Nancy L Pedersen, Leena Peltonen, Craig E Pennell, Paul Pharoah, Ozren Polašek, Andrew S Plump, Anneli Pouta, Eleonora Porcu, Thorunn Rafnar, John P Rice, Susan M Ring, Fernando Rivadeneira, Igor Rudan, Cinzia Sala, Veikko Salomaa, Serena Sanna, David Schlessinger, Nicholas J Schork, Angelo Scuteri, Ayellet V Segrè, Alan R Shuldiner, Nicole Soranzo, Ulla Sovio, Sathanur R Srinivasan, David P Strachan, Mar-Liis Tammesoo, Emmi Tikkanen, Daniela Toniolo, Kim Tsui, Laufey Tryggvadóttir, Jonathon Tyrer, Manuela Uda, Rob M Van Dam, Joyce B J van Meurs, Peter Vollenweider, Gérard Waeber, Nicholas J Wareham, Dawn M Waterworth, Michael N Weedon, H Erich Wichmann, Gonneke Willemsen, James F Wilson, Alan F Wright, Lauren Young, Guangju Zhai, Wei Vivian Zhuang, Laura J Bierut, Dorret I Boomsma, Heather A Boyd, Laura Crisponi, Ellen W Demerath, Cornelia M van Duijn, Michael J Econs, Tamara B Harris, David J Hunter, Ruth J F Loos, Andres Metspalu, Grant W Montgomery, Paul M Ridker, Tim D Spector, Elizabeth A Streeten, Kari Stefansson, Unnur Thorsteinsdottir, André G Uitterlinden, Elisabeth Widén, Joanne M Murabito, Ken K Ong, Anna Murray.
Nat. Genet.
PUBLISHED: 05-10-2010
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To identify loci for age at menarche, we performed a meta-analysis of 32 genome-wide association studies in 87,802 women of European descent, with replication in up to 14,731 women. In addition to the known loci at LIN28B (P = 5.4 × 10???) and 9q31.2 (P = 2.2 × 10?³³), we identified 30 new menarche loci (all P < 5 × 10??) and found suggestive evidence for a further 10 loci (P < 1.9 × 10??). The new loci included four previously associated with body mass index (in or near FTO, SEC16B, TRA2B and TMEM18), three in or near other genes implicated in energy homeostasis (BSX, CRTC1 and MCHR2) and three in or near genes implicated in hormonal regulation (INHBA, PCSK2 and RXRG). Ingenuity and gene-set enrichment pathway analyses identified coenzyme A and fatty acid biosynthesis as biological processes related to menarche timing.
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A large-scale association study to assess the impact of known variants of the human INHA gene on premature ovarian failure.
Hum. Reprod.
PUBLISHED: 04-10-2009
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Three variants of the human INHA gene have been reported to be associated with premature ovarian failure (POF) in case-control studies involving a small number of patients and controls. Since inhibin has a fundamental role in the control of ovarian function, it is important to establish the relevance of the reported variants for disease risk.
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Genome-wide meta-analysis of common variant differences between men and women.
Vesna Boraska, Ana Jerončić, Vincenza Colonna, Lorraine Southam, Dale R Nyholt, Nigel William Rayner, John R B Perry, Daniela Toniolo, Eva Albrecht, Wei Ang, Stefania Bandinelli, Maja Barbalic, Inês Barroso, Jacques S Beckmann, Reiner Biffar, Dorret Boomsma, Harry Campbell, Tanguy Corre, Jeanette Erdmann, Tonu Esko, Krista Fischer, Nora Franceschini, Timothy M Frayling, Giorgia Girotto, Juan R Gonzalez, Tamara B Harris, Andrew C Heath, Iris M Heid, Wolfgang Hoffmann, Albert Hofman, Momoko Horikoshi, Jing Hua Zhao, Anne U Jackson, Jouke-Jan Hottenga, Antti Jula, Mika Kähönen, Kay-Tee Khaw, Lambertus A Kiemeney, Norman Klopp, Zoltan Kutalik, Vasiliki Lagou, Lenore J Launer, Terho Lehtimäki, Mathieu Lemire, Marja-Liisa Lokki, Christina Loley, Jian'an Luan, Massimo Mangino, Irene Mateo Leach, Sarah E Medland, Evelin Mihailov, Grant W Montgomery, Gerjan Navis, John Newnham, Markku S Nieminen, Aarno Palotie, Kalliope Panoutsopoulou, Annette Peters, Nicola Pirastu, Ozren Polašek, Karola Rehnström, Samuli Ripatti, Graham R S Ritchie, Fernando Rivadeneira, Antonietta Robino, Nilesh J Samani, So-Youn Shin, Juha Sinisalo, Johannes H Smit, Nicole Soranzo, Lisette Stolk, Dorine W Swinkels, Toshiko Tanaka, Alexander Teumer, Anke Tönjes, Michela Traglia, Jaakko Tuomilehto, Armand Valsesia, Wiek H van Gilst, Joyce B J van Meurs, Albert Vernon Smith, Jorma Viikari, Jacqueline M Vink, Gérard Waeber, Nicole M Warrington, Elisabeth Widén, Gonneke Willemsen, Alan F Wright, Brent W Zanke, Lina Zgaga, , Michael Boehnke, Adamo Pio D'adamo, Eco de Geus, Ellen W Demerath, Martin den Heijer, Johan G Eriksson, Luigi Ferrucci, Christian Gieger, Vilmundur Gudnason, Caroline Hayward, Christian Hengstenberg, Thomas J Hudson, Marjo-Riitta Järvelin, Manolis Kogevinas, Ruth J F Loos, Nicholas G Martin, Andres Metspalu, Craig E Pennell, Brenda W Penninx, Markus Perola, Olli Raitakari, Veikko Salomaa, Stefan Schreiber, Heribert Schunkert, Tim D Spector, Michael Stumvoll, André G Uitterlinden, Sheila Ulivi, Pim van der Harst, Peter Vollenweider, Henry Völzke, Nicholas J Wareham, H-Erich Wichmann, James F Wilson, Igor Rudan, Yali Xue, Eleftheria Zeggini.
Hum. Mol. Genet.
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The male-to-female sex ratio at birth is constant across world populations with an average of 1.06 (106 male to 100 female live births) for populations of European descent. The sex ratio is considered to be affected by numerous biological and environmental factors and to have a heritable component. The aim of this study was to investigate the presence of common allele modest effects at autosomal and chromosome X variants that could explain the observed sex ratio at birth. We conducted a large-scale genome-wide association scan (GWAS) meta-analysis across 51 studies, comprising overall 114 863 individuals (61 094 women and 53 769 men) of European ancestry and 2 623 828 common (minor allele frequency >0.05) single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs). Allele frequencies were compared between men and women for directly-typed and imputed variants within each study. Forward-time simulations for unlinked, neutral, autosomal, common loci were performed under the demographic model for European populations with a fixed sex ratio and a random mating scheme to assess the probability of detecting significant allele frequency differences. We do not detect any genome-wide significant (P < 5 × 10(-8)) common SNP differences between men and women in this well-powered meta-analysis. The simulated data provided results entirely consistent with these findings. This large-scale investigation across ~115 000 individuals shows no detectable contribution from common genetic variants to the observed skew in the sex ratio. The absence of sex-specific differences is useful in guiding genetic association study design, for example when using mixed controls for sex-biased traits.
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Evidence of inbreeding depression on human height.
Ruth McQuillan, Niina Eklund, Nicola Pirastu, Maris Kuningas, Brian P McEvoy, Tonu Esko, Tanguy Corre, Gail Davies, Marika Kaakinen, Leo-Pekka Lyytikäinen, Kati Kristiansson, Aki S Havulinna, Martin Gögele, Veronique Vitart, Albert Tenesa, Yurii Aulchenko, Caroline Hayward, Asa Johansson, Mladen Boban, Sheila Ulivi, Antonietta Robino, Vesna Boraska, Wilmar Igl, Sarah H Wild, Lina Zgaga, Najaf Amin, Evropi Theodoratou, Ozren Polašek, Giorgia Girotto, Lorna M Lopez, Cinzia Sala, Jari Lahti, Tiina Laatikainen, Inga Prokopenko, Mart Kals, Jorma Viikari, Jian Yang, Anneli Pouta, Karol Estrada, Albert Hofman, Nelson Freimer, Nicholas G Martin, Mika Kähönen, Lili Milani, Markku Heliövaara, Erkki Vartiainen, Katri Räikkönen, Corrado Masciullo, John M Starr, Andrew A Hicks, Laura Esposito, Ivana Kolčić, Susan M Farrington, Ben Oostra, Tatijana Zemunik, Harry Campbell, Mirna Kirin, Marina Pehlić, Flavio Faletra, David Porteous, Giorgio Pistis, Elisabeth Widén, Veikko Salomaa, Seppo Koskinen, Krista Fischer, Terho Lehtimäki, Andrew Heath, Mark I McCarthy, Fernando Rivadeneira, Grant W Montgomery, Henning Tiemeier, Anna-Liisa Hartikainen, Pamela A F Madden, Pio D'Adamo, Nicholas D Hastie, Ulf Gyllensten, Alan F Wright, Cornelia M van Duijn, Malcolm Dunlop, Igor Rudan, Paolo Gasparini, Peter P Pramstaller, Ian J Deary, Daniela Toniolo, Johan G Eriksson, Antti Jula, Olli T Raitakari, Andres Metspalu, Markus Perola, Marjo-Riitta Järvelin, André Uitterlinden, Peter M Visscher, James F Wilson, .
PLoS Genet.
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Stature is a classical and highly heritable complex trait, with 80%-90% of variation explained by genetic factors. In recent years, genome-wide association studies (GWAS) have successfully identified many common additive variants influencing human height; however, little attention has been given to the potential role of recessive genetic effects. Here, we investigated genome-wide recessive effects by an analysis of inbreeding depression on adult height in over 35,000 people from 21 different population samples. We found a highly significant inverse association between height and genome-wide homozygosity, equivalent to a height reduction of up to 3 cm in the offspring of first cousins compared with the offspring of unrelated individuals, an effect which remained after controlling for the effects of socio-economic status, an important confounder (?(2) = 83.89, df = 1; p = 5.2 × 10(-20)). There was, however, a high degree of heterogeneity among populations: whereas the direction of the effect was consistent across most population samples, the effect size differed significantly among populations. It is likely that this reflects true biological heterogeneity: whether or not an effect can be observed will depend on both the variance in homozygosity in the population and the chance inheritance of individual recessive genotypes. These results predict that multiple, rare, recessive variants influence human height. Although this exploratory work focuses on height alone, the methodology developed is generally applicable to heritable quantitative traits (QT), paving the way for an investigation into inbreeding effects, and therefore genetic architecture, on a range of QT of biomedical importance.
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Meta-analyses identify 13 loci associated with age at menopause and highlight DNA repair and immune pathways.
Lisette Stolk, John R B Perry, Daniel I Chasman, Chunyan He, Massimo Mangino, Patrick Sulem, Maja Barbalic, Linda Broer, Enda M Byrne, Florian Ernst, Tonu Esko, Nora Franceschini, Daniel F Gudbjartsson, Jouke-Jan Hottenga, Peter Kraft, Patrick F McArdle, Eleonora Porcu, So-Youn Shin, Albert V Smith, Sophie van Wingerden, Guangju Zhai, Wei V Zhuang, Eva Albrecht, Behrooz Z Alizadeh, Thor Aspelund, Stefania Bandinelli, Lovorka Barać Lauc, Jacques S Beckmann, Mladen Boban, Eric Boerwinkle, Frank J Broekmans, Andrea Burri, Harry Campbell, Stephen J Chanock, Constance Chen, Marilyn C Cornelis, Tanguy Corre, Andrea D Coviello, Pio D'Adamo, Gail Davies, Ulf de Faire, Eco J C de Geus, Ian J Deary, George V Z Dedoussis, Panagiotis Deloukas, Shah Ebrahim, Gudny Eiriksdottir, Valur Emilsson, Johan G Eriksson, Bart C J M Fauser, Liana Ferreli, Luigi Ferrucci, Krista Fischer, Aaron R Folsom, Melissa E Garcia, Paolo Gasparini, Christian Gieger, Nicole Glazer, Diederick E Grobbee, Per Hall, Toomas Haller, Susan E Hankinson, Merli Hass, Caroline Hayward, Andrew C Heath, Albert Hofman, Erik Ingelsson, A Cecile J W Janssens, Andrew D Johnson, David Karasik, Sharon L R Kardia, Jules Keyzer, Douglas P Kiel, Ivana Kolčić, Zoltan Kutalik, Jari Lahti, Sandra Lai, Triin Laisk, Joop S E Laven, Debbie A Lawlor, Jianjun Liu, Lorna M Lopez, Yvonne V Louwers, Patrik K E Magnusson, Mara Marongiu, Nicholas G Martin, Irena Martinović Klarić, Corrado Masciullo, Barbara McKnight, Sarah E Medland, David Melzer, Vincent Mooser, Pau Navarro, Anne B Newman, Dale R Nyholt, N Charlotte Onland-Moret, Aarno Palotie, Guillaume Paré, Alex N Parker, Nancy L Pedersen, Petra H M Peeters, Giorgio Pistis, Andrew S Plump, Ozren Polašek, Victor J M Pop, Bruce M Psaty, Katri Räikkönen, Emil Rehnberg, Jerome I Rotter, Igor Rudan, Cinzia Sala, Andres Salumets, Angelo Scuteri, Andrew Singleton, Jennifer A Smith, Harold Snieder, Nicole Soranzo, Simon N Stacey, John M Starr, Maria G Stathopoulou, Kathleen Stirrups, Ronald P Stolk, Unnur Styrkarsdottir, Yan V Sun, Albert Tenesa, Barbara Thorand, Daniela Toniolo, Laufey Tryggvadóttir, Kim Tsui, Sheila Ulivi, Rob M Van Dam, Yvonne T van der Schouw, Carla H van Gils, Peter van Nierop, Jacqueline M Vink, Peter M Visscher, Marlies Voorhuis, Gérard Waeber, Henri Wallaschofski, H Erich Wichmann, Elisabeth Widén, Colette J M Wijnands-van Gent, Gonneke Willemsen, James F Wilson, Bruce H R Wolffenbuttel, Alan F Wright, Laura M Yerges-Armstrong, Tatijana Zemunik, Lina Zgaga, M Carola Zillikens, Marek Zygmunt, The Lifelines Cohort Study, Alice M Arnold, Dorret I Boomsma, Julie E Buring, Laura Crisponi, Ellen W Demerath, Vilmundur Gudnason, Tamara B Harris, Frank B Hu, David J Hunter, Lenore J Launer, Andres Metspalu, Grant W Montgomery, Ben A Oostra, Paul M Ridker, Serena Sanna, David Schlessinger, Tim D Spector, Kari Stefansson, Elizabeth A Streeten, Unnur Thorsteinsdottir, Manuela Uda, André G Uitterlinden, Cornelia M van Duijn, Henry Völzke, Anna Murray, Joanne M Murabito, Jenny A Visser, Kathryn L Lunetta.
Nat. Genet.
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To newly identify loci for age at natural menopause, we carried out a meta-analysis of 22 genome-wide association studies (GWAS) in 38,968 women of European descent, with replication in up to 14,435 women. In addition to four known loci, we identified 13 loci newly associated with age at natural menopause (at P < 5 × 10(-8)). Candidate genes located at these newly associated loci include genes implicated in DNA repair (EXO1, HELQ, UIMC1, FAM175A, FANCI, TLK1, POLG and PRIM1) and immune function (IL11, NLRP11 and PRRC2A (also known as BAT2)). Gene-set enrichment pathway analyses using the full GWAS data set identified exoDNase, NF-?B signaling and mitochondrial dysfunction as biological processes related to timing of menopause.
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