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Find video protocols related to scientific articles indexed in Pubmed.
Analysis of gene expression profiles of soft tissue sarcoma using a combination of knowledge-based filtering with integration of multiple statistics.
PLoS ONE
PUBLISHED: 09-04-2014
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The diagnosis and treatment of soft tissue sarcomas (STS) have been difficult. Of the diverse histological subtypes, undifferentiated pleomorphic sarcoma (UPS) is particularly difficult to diagnose accurately, and its classification per se is still controversial. Recent advances in genomic technologies provide an excellent way to address such problems. However, it is often difficult, if not impossible, to identify definitive disease-associated genes using genome-wide analysis alone, primarily because of multiple testing problems. In the present study, we analyzed microarray data from 88 STS patients using a combination method that used knowledge-based filtering and a simulation based on the integration of multiple statistics to reduce multiple testing problems. We identified 25 genes, including hypoxia-related genes (e.g., MIF, SCD1, P4HA1, ENO1, and STAT1) and cell cycle- and DNA repair-related genes (e.g., TACC3, PRDX1, PRKDC, and H2AFY). These genes showed significant differential expression among histological subtypes, including UPS, and showed associations with overall survival. STAT1 showed a strong association with overall survival in UPS patients (logrank p = 1.84 × 10(-6) and adjusted p value 2.99 × 10(-3) after the permutation test). According to the literature, the 25 genes selected are useful not only as markers of differential diagnosis but also as prognostic/predictive markers and/or therapeutic targets for STS. Our combination method can identify genes that are potential prognostic/predictive factors and/or therapeutic targets in STS and possibly in other cancers. These disease-associated genes deserve further preclinical and clinical validation.
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Screening for tinea unguium by thermography in older adults with subungual hyperkeratosis.
Geriatr Gerontol Int
PUBLISHED: 08-03-2014
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The purpose of the present study was to assess the difference in foot temperature between tinea unguium-positive older adults with subungual hyperkeratosis and tinea unguium-negative older adults with subungual hyperkeratosis to develop a temperature-based screening method for tinea unguium.
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Clinical impact of gastroenterologist-administered propofol during esophagogastroduodenoscopy: a randomized comparison at a single medical clinic.
Gastric Cancer
PUBLISHED: 03-09-2014
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Although midazolam is widely used during endoscopic procedures by endoscopists, propofol has been recently favored for its rapid action and metabolism. The aim of this study is to compare the clinical advantages between propofol and midazolam use during screening esophagogastroduodenoscopy (EGD) for gastric cancer and post-procedure management at a medical clinic.
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Relationship between activity of daily living and asteatosis in the lower legs among elderly residents in long-term care institutions: a cross-sectional study.
Int Wound J
PUBLISHED: 07-15-2013
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This cross-sectional observational study investigated the relationship between the level of activities of daily living (ADL) and asteatosis in the lower legs among elderly residents. We enrolled 173 residents from a long-term care health facility and two special nursing homes for elderly persons in the Tokyo metropolitan area and Oshima Island, Japan. The level of ADL was measured by the Barthel Index. The relationship between the Barthel Index total score and the presence of asteatosis in the lower legs diagnosed by a dermatologist was analysed by multivariate logistic regression analysis. Among the residents, 79·2% had asteatosis in their lower legs. An increase of 1 point in the Barthel Index total score was significantly associated with a decreased probability of lower leg asteatosis after adjusting for age, sex and the type of institution (adjusted odds ratio?=?0·982; 95% confidence interval: 0·966-0·998). A higher level of ADL is associated with a lower probability of having asteatosis in the lower legs among residents in long-term care institutions. Nurses should pay specific attention to residents with limited ADL for initiating preventive care for asteatosis.
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The prevalence of skin eruptions and mycoses of the buttocks and feet in aged care facility residents: A cross-sectional study.
Arch Gerontol Geriatr
PUBLISHED: 06-17-2013
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The prevalence of skin mycoses in the elderly remains unclear. The proportion of people with skin eruptions who are positive for mycoses using direct microscopy is not known. The purpose of this study is to identify the prevalence of skin eruptions and skin mycoses (e.g. candidiasis and tinea) in the buttocks and feet, which are common sites of skin mycoses in residents of long-term care facilities. This multi-site cross-sectional study used visual inspection and direct microscopy to diagnose the type of skin eruption. Subjects were residents of facilities covered by long-term care insurance schemes in Japan. Of the 171 residents enrolled in this study, 72.5% had a skin eruption. Only 4.8% of participants had tinea in the buttocks; 2.4% had buttock candidiasis. In those with a nail abnormality, 58.3% of residents had tinea unguium. For tinea pedis, residents who had any form of interdigital or plantar region skin eruption, 22.5% and 31.4% of residents were positive, respectively. The prevalence of observed skin mycoses was: buttock candidiasis 1.8%; buttock tinea 3.5%; tinea unguium 56.2%; interdigital tinea pedis 20.5%; and plantar tinea pedis 22.5%. The very low proportion of residents with mycoses in the buttocks suggests that anti-inflammatory agents, such as steroids, should be used as first choice. Our observation that not all residents with skin eruptions on the feet had tinea, should remind clinicians to perform direct microscopy before initiating antifungal treatments.
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Subchondral insufficiency fracture of the femoral head: a report of two cases with a history of internal fixation of a femoral neck fracture.
Skeletal Radiol.
PUBLISHED: 02-11-2013
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We report our experience in two cases of subchondral insufficiency fracture of the femoral head with a history of internal fixation of the femoral neck fracture. Both cases were young females (26 and 43 years old, respectively). Their hip pain occurred more than 2 years and 1 year after the primary surgical treatment, respectively. MRI revealed bone marrow edema pattern, as well as a low-intensity band on the T1-weighted images, which are commonly observed in osteonecrosis. However, the low-intensity bands were parallel to the subchondral bone end-plate, which are characteristic findings of subchondral insufficiency fracture. Both patients were administered anti-inflammatory drugs and/or bisphosphonate. One patient underwent a transtrochanteric curved varus osteotomy 1 year and 9 months after the onset, and the other healed without collapse of the femoral head. Our cases indicate that subchondral insufficiency fractures may need to be considered as one of the possible conditions after the internal fixation of a femoral neck fracture, in addition to posttraumatic osteonecrosis.
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Familial Currarino syndrome associated with Hirschsprung disease: two cases of a mother and daughter.
J. Pediatr. Surg.
PUBLISHED: 01-22-2013
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Currarino syndrome with Hirschsprung disease (CS-HD) is extremely rare. We present the first family with CS-HD. Case 1: A 28-year-old woman was admitted with severe abdominal distension and dyspnea. She was diagnosed with anal stenosis, hemisacrum, anterior sacral meningocele (ASM), tethered cord (TC), and short-segment aganglionosis. She underwent the modified Duhamel operation after meningocele repair and cord detethering. A bicornuate uterus, bilateral ovarian dermoid cysts, and small rectal duplication were also noted intraoperatively. Case 2: The daughter of case 1 was admitted for abdominal distension and anal stenosis at the age of 17 days. Studies revealed a hemisacrum, ASM, TC, presacral mass, atrial septal defect, polyp in the right nasal cavity, right vesicoureteral reflux, and short-segment aganglionosis. She underwent the modified Soave operation at the age of 1 year and 4 months after meningocele repair, cord detethering, and resection of the presacral mass (epidermoid cyst). In both cases, the aganglionic segments were confirmed by preoperative rectal suction biopsy and postoperative pathological examination on full-thickness rectal specimens. Some causal genes for Currarino syndrome (CS) and Hirschsprung disease (HD) are currently investigated. Thus far, 10 CS-HD cases have been reported, including 6 cases of familial CS. However, all the patients had sporadic HD. Recent reports suggest that anomalies of the enteric nerve system contribute to postoperative constipation in CS cases.
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Macrophage migration inhibitory factor and stearoyl-CoA desaturase 1: potential prognostic markers for soft tissue sarcomas based on bioinformatics analyses.
PLoS ONE
PUBLISHED: 01-01-2013
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The diagnosis and treatment of soft tissue sarcomas (STSs) has been particularly difficult, because STSs are a group of highly heterogeneous tumors in terms of histopathology, histological grade, and primary site. Recent advances in genome technologies have provided an excellent opportunity to determine the complete biological characteristics of neoplastic tissues, resulting in improved diagnosis, treatment selection, and investigation of therapeutic targets. We had previously developed a novel bioinformatics method for marker gene selection and applied this method to gene expression data from STS patients. This previous analysis revealed that the extracted gene combination of macrophage migration inhibitory factor (MIF) and stearoyl-CoA desaturase 1 (SCD1) is an effective diagnostic marker to discriminate between subtypes of STSs with highly different outcomes. In the present study, we hypothesize that the combination of MIF and SCD1 is also a prognostic marker for the overall outcome of STSs. To prove this hypothesis, we first analyzed microarray data from 88 STS patients and their outcomes. Our results show that the survival rates for MIF- and SCD1-positive groups were lower than those for negative groups, and the p values of the log-rank test are 0.0146 and 0.00606, respectively. In addition, survival rates are more significantly different (p = 0.000116) between groups that are double-positive and double-negative for MIF and SCD1. Furthermore, in vitro cell growth inhibition experiments by MIF and SCD1 inhibitors support the hypothesis. These results suggest that the gene set is useful as a prognostic marker associated with tumor progression.
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Polypharmacy as a risk for fall occurrence in geriatric outpatients.
Geriatr Gerontol Int
PUBLISHED: 12-23-2011
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To investigate the predictors of falls, such as comorbidity and medication, in geriatric outpatients in a longitudinal observational study.
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Acetabular reconstruction with Chiari pelvic osteotomy: report of 2 cases.
J Arthroplasty
PUBLISHED: 06-03-2011
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We performed cementless total hip arthroplasty combined with acetabular reconstruction with Chiari pelvic osteotomy on 3 hips in 2 patients. This procedure increased the osseous coverage of the shell and decreased the load around the hip by medialization of the hip center. Osteosynthesis of the proximal and distal bone fragment was performed using a shell with screws. Nonunion between the proximal and distal fragments was not noticed to include the case with small contact area. Postoperative dislocation had not occurred in these cases as of 1 year after surgery. This method may be an effective solution for severe dysplasia and revision surgery.
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Association of polypharmacy with fall risk among geriatric outpatients.
Geriatr Gerontol Int
PUBLISHED: 05-05-2011
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To investigate the association of fall risk with comorbidities and medications in geriatric outpatients in a cross-sectional design.
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Visceral fat accumulation and metabolic risk factor clustering in older adults.
J Am Geriatr Soc
PUBLISHED: 09-25-2010
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To examine the relationship between visceral fat area (VFA) evaluated using computed tomography (CT) scans and the number of metabolic risk factors in older adults.
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Association of low testosterone with metabolic syndrome and its components in middle-aged Japanese men.
Hypertens. Res.
PUBLISHED: 03-26-2010
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Epidemiological studies have shown that low testosterone is associated with metabolic syndrome (MetS) in Caucasian men. We investigated whether testosterone level is related to the prevalence of MetS in middle-aged Japanese men. A cross-sectional survey was conducted in 194 men aged 30-64 years (49+/-9). Blood sampling was performed in the morning after a 12-h fast, and the relationship between plasma hormone and MetS was analyzed. Low total testosterone was associated with MetS according to the Japanese criteria (HRs of 2.02 by quartile of testosterone; 95% CI=1.43-2.87) and the International Diabetes Federation criteria (HRs of 1.68 by quartile of testosterone; 95% CI=1.25-2.25). Age-adjusted regression analyses revealed that testosterone was significantly related to the MetS parameters of obesity (beta=-0.365 and -0.343 for waist circumference and body mass index, respectively), hypertension (beta=-0.278 and -0.157 for systolic and diastolic blood pressure, respectively), dyslipidemia (beta=-0.242 and 0.228 for triglycerides and high-density lipoprotein cholesterol, respectively), insulin resistance (beta=-0.253 and -0.333 for fasting plasma glucose and homeostasis model assessment of insulin resistance, respectively) and adiponectin (beta=0.216). Inclusion of waist circumference into the model largely weakened the association of testosterone with other metabolic risk factors. In contrast, high estradiol was associated with MetS and its parameters, mostly attributing to the positive correlation between estradiol and obesity. Dehydroepiandrosterone sulfate was not associated with MetS or its parameters. These results suggest that low testosterone is associated with MetS and its parameters in middle-aged Japanese men. The association between estradiol and MetS needs further investigation.
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Clinical and pathological features of ascending testis.
Osaka City Med J
PUBLISHED: 09-15-2009
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The clinical features and principles of surgery of the Ascending Testis (AT), in which the testis ascends from the scrotum with age, are controversial. We selected AT that met the treatment guidelines and examined the clinical features and principles of surgery.
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Catheter enterostomy and patch repair of the abdominal wall for gastroschisis with intestinal atresia: report of a case.
Surg. Today
PUBLISHED: 07-29-2009
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A male infant, weighing 2177 g, was born with the entire intestine protruding through a defect on the right side of the navel. Intestinal atresia, approximately 70 cm from the Treitz ligament, was also confirmed. Primary anastomosis and abdominal wall repair were impossible because of the intestinal dilation and thick peel, as well as the small abdominal cavity. Thus, we initially performed catheter enterostomy with a 14-F balloon catheter and patch repair of the abdominal wall, to enable the baby to be fed. Secondary anastomosis and abdominal wall repair was safely performed when the baby was 106 days old. The combination of catheter enterostomy and patch repair of the abdominal wall does not require dissection of the intestine and it can be safely performed in low-birth-weight babies. It also enables feeding and weight gain, and the overlying skin prevents contamination of the artificial sheet. We recommend this combination for neonates with both gastroschisis and intestinal atresia.
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Modification of the Nuss procedure for pectus excavatum to prevent cardiac perforation.
J. Pediatr. Surg.
PUBLISHED: 05-21-2009
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In a few patients, cardiac perforation and aortic injury have occurred during the Nuss procedure for pectus excavatum. The article details a modification of this procedure that enables the prevention of fatal complications.
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Randomized controlled study on the prevention of osteoporotic fractures (OF study): a phase IV clinical study of 15-mg menatetrenone capsules.
J. Bone Miner. Metab.
PUBLISHED: 03-05-2009
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An open-label study with blinded evaluation was performed to compare the preventive effect of a calcium supplement alone (monotherapy) or calcium supplement plus menatetrenone (combined therapy) on fracture in osteoporotic postmenopausal women aged 50 years or older. Patients were randomized to receive monotherapy (n = 2,193) or combined therapy (n = 2,185). Before randomization, the subjects were stratified into a subgroup without vertebral fractures (n = 2,986; no-fracture subgroup) and a subgroup with at least one vertebral fracture (n = 1,392; fracture subgroup). The incidence rate of new vertebral fractures during 36 months of treatment (primary endpoint) did not differ significantly between either subgroup of the two treatment groups. Although the cumulative 48-month incidence rate of new clinical fractures (secondary endpoint) was lower in the combined therapy group, the difference was not significant. There was a lower risk of new vertebral fractures in patients with at least five baseline fractures who received combined therapy. Also, the loss of height was less with combined therapy than with monotherapy among patients 75 years of age or older at enrollment, those whose last menstrual period occurred 30 years or more before enrollment, and those with at least five vertebral fractures at enrollment. Adverse events and adverse reactions were more frequent in the combined therapy group. In conclusion, menatetrenone therapy was not effective for preventing vertebral fractures in the full analysis set of this study, but the results suggested that it may prevent vertebral fractures in patients with more advanced osteoporosis.
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What is Visualize?

JoVE Visualize is a tool created to match the last 5 years of PubMed publications to methods in JoVE's video library.

How does it work?

We use abstracts found on PubMed and match them to JoVE videos to create a list of 10 to 30 related methods videos.

Video X seems to be unrelated to Abstract Y...

In developing our video relationships, we compare around 5 million PubMed articles to our library of over 4,500 methods videos. In some cases the language used in the PubMed abstracts makes matching that content to a JoVE video difficult. In other cases, there happens not to be any content in our video library that is relevant to the topic of a given abstract. In these cases, our algorithms are trying their best to display videos with relevant content, which can sometimes result in matched videos with only a slight relation.