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Find video protocols related to scientific articles indexed in Pubmed.
Diagnostic yield of transbronchial cryobiopsy in non-neoplastic lung disease: a retrospective case series.
BMC Pulm Med
PUBLISHED: 08-30-2014
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Due to the small amount of alveolar tissue in transbronchial biopsy (TBB) by forceps, the diagnosis of diffuse, parenchymal lung diseases (DPLD) is inherently problematic, with an overall low yield. The use of cryotechnique in bronchoscopy, including TBB by cryoprobe, has revealed new opportunities in the endoscopical diagnosis of malignant and non-malignant lung diseases.
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Gene Expression Analysis of the 26S Proteasome Subunit PSMB4 Reveals Significant Upregulation, Different Expression and Association with Proliferation in Human Pulmonary Neuroendocrine Tumours.
J Cancer
PUBLISHED: 08-01-2014
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Proteasomal subunit PSMB4 was suggested to be a survival gene in an animal model of hepatocellular carcinoma and in glioblastoma cell lines. In pulmonary adenocarcinoma, a high expression of these genes was found to be associated with poor differentiation and survival. This study investigates the gene expression levels of 26S proteasome subunits in human pulmonary neuroendocrine tumours including typical (TC) and atypical (AC) carcinoid tumours as well as small cell (SCLC) and large cell (LCNEC) neuroendocrine carcinomas.
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Mdm2 protein expression is strongly associated with survival in malignant pleural mesothelioma.
Future Oncol
PUBLISHED: 06-20-2014
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TP53 mutations are extremely rare in malignant pleural mesothelioma (MPM). In TP53 wild-type tumors, the functional p53 protein can be inactivated by MDM2.
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The "COLD-PCR approach" for early and cost-effective detection of tyrosine kinase inhibitor resistance mutations in EGFR-positive non-small cell lung cancer.
Appl. Immunohistochem. Mol. Morphol.
PUBLISHED: 02-13-2014
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Activating epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) gene mutations can be successfully treated by EGFR tyrosine kinase inhibitors (EGFR-TKIs), but nearly 50% of all patients' exhibit progression of the disease until treatment because of T790M mutations. It is proposed that this is mostly caused by therapy-resistant tumor clones harboring a T790M mutation. Until now no cost-effective routine-diagnostic method for EGFR-resistance mutation status analysis is available leaving long-time response to TKI treatment to chance. Unambiguous identification of T790M EGFR mutations is mandatory to optimize initial treatment strategies.
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Different micro-RNA expression profiles distinguish subtypes of neuroendocrine tumors of the lung: results of a profiling study.
Mod. Pathol.
PUBLISHED: 02-12-2014
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MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are a class of small (?22 nucleotides), non-coding, highly conserved single-stranded RNAs with posttranscriptional regulatory features, including the regulation of cell proliferation, differentiation, survival, and apoptosis. They are deregulated in a broad variety of tumors showing characteristic expression patterns and can, thus, be used as a diagnostic tool. In contrast to non-small cell carcinoma of the lung neuroendocrine lung tumors, encompassing typical and atypical carcinoids, small cell lung cancer and large cell neuroendocrine lung cancer, no data about deregulation of tumor entity-specific miRNAs are available to date. miRNA expression differences might give useful information about the biological characteristics of these tumors, as well as serve as helpful markers.In 12 pulmonary neuroendocrine tumors classified as either typical carcinoid, atypical, large cell neuroendocrine or small cell lung cancer, screening for 763 miRNAs known to be involved in pulmonary cancerogenesis was conducted by performing 384-well TaqMan low-density array real-time qPCR. In the entire cohort, 44 miRNAs were identified, which showed a significantly different miRNA expression. For 12 miRNAs, the difference was highly significant (P<0.01). Eight miRNAs showed a negative (miR-22, miR-29a, miR-29b, miR-29c, miR-367*; miR-504, miR-513C, miR-1200) and four miRNAs a positive (miR-18a, miR-15b*, miR-335*, miR-1201) correlation to the grade of tumor biology. The miRNAs let-7d; miR-19; miR-576-5p; miR-340*; miR-1286 are significantly associated with survival. Members of the miR-29 family seem to be extremely important in this group of tumors. We found a number of miRNAs, which showed a highly significant deregulation in pulmonary neuroendocrine tumors. Moreover, some of these deregulated miRNAs seem to allow discrimination of the various subtypes of pulmonary neuroendocrine tumors. Thus, the analysis of specific sets of miRNAs can be proposed as diagnostic and/or predictive markers in this group of neoplasias.Modern Pathology advance online publication, 30 May 2014; doi:10.1038/modpathol.2014.74.
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Reduced folate carrier and folylpolyglutamate synthetase, but not thymidylate synthase predict survival in pemetrexed-treated patients suffering from malignant pleural mesothelioma.
J Thorac Oncol
PUBLISHED: 03-02-2013
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Malignant mesothelioma is a highly aggressive tumor arising from mesothelial-lined surfaces, most often in the pleura cavities. Antifolates belong to the most effective cytotoxic drugs for malignant pleural mesothelioma (MPM) treatment. Pemetrexed is an antifolate inhibiting different folate pathway genes (thymidylate synthase [TS], dihydrofolate reductase, glycinamide ribonucleotide formyltransferase [GARFT], and aminoimidazole carboxamide ribonucleotide formyltransferase, [AICARFT]). Increased activity of pemetrexed occurs by folylpolyglutamate synthetase (FPGS), intracellular transport by reduced folate carrier (RFC). The aim of the study was to explore potential correlations between TS, GARFT, AICARFT, RFC, and FPGS levels in MPM and associations with clinical benefit from pemetrexed treatment.
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BAP1 Protein is a Progression Factor in Malignant Pleural Mesothelioma.
Pathol. Oncol. Res.
PUBLISHED: 02-25-2013
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Human malignant pleural mesothelioma (MPM) is an aggressive cancer due to former asbestos exposure with little knowledge about prognostic factors of outcome and resistance to conventional therapy. BRCA1-associated protein 1 (BAP1) is a tumor suppressor gene that is frequently lost in MPM. Germline mutations of BAP1 predispose to several different tumors including malignant mesothelioma. Our study aimed to clarify if asbestos exposure has an influence on BAP1 expression and if BAP1 expression could be used as a prognostic factor of outcome. An immunohistochemical staining for BAP1 was performed on 123 MPM tissue samples and the expression levels have been correlated with asbestos exposure and overall survival time. BAP1 expression was not associated with asbestos exposure but we detected a significant effect of BAP1 expression on overall survival time - the higher the BAP1 expression (non-mutated BAP1), the shorter the overall survival. BAP1 mutation has been linked to non-asbestos induced familial mesotheliomas, which usually belong to the long survivor group and BAP1 is most probably functioning differently than in sporadic cases. Further investigations need to be performed to characterize the BAP1 mutations and to identify the BAP1 downstream targets in MPM.
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The frequency of EGFR and KRAS mutations in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC): routine screening data for central Europe from a cohort study.
BMJ Open
PUBLISHED: 01-01-2013
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Owing to novel therapy strategies in epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR)-mutated patients, molecular analysis of the EGFR and KRAS genome has become crucial for routine diagnostics. Till date these data have been derived mostly from clinical trials, and thus collected in pre-selected populations. We therefore screened allcomers with a newly diagnosed non-small cell lung carcinoma (NSCLC) for the frequencies of these mutations.
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Multiplexed immunohistochemical detection of tumor markers in breast cancer tissue using laser ablation inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry.
Anal. Chem.
PUBLISHED: 10-07-2011
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We optimized multiplexed immunohistochemistry (IHC) on breast cancer tissue. Up to 20 tumor markers are routinely evaluated for one patient, and thus, a common analysis results in a series of time consuming staining procedures. As an alternative, we used lanthanides for labeling of primary antibodies, which are applied in IHC. Laser ablation (LA) ICPMS was elaborated as a detection tool for multiplexed IHC of tissue sections. In this study, we optimized sample preparation steps and LA ICPMS parameters to achieve a sufficient signal-to-background ratio. The results prove the high selectivity of applied antibodies, which was sustained after labeling. Up to three tumor markers (Her 2, CK 7, and MUC 1) were detected simultaneously in a single multiplex analysis of a 5 ?m thin breast cancer tissue at a laser spot size of 200 ?m. Furthermore, the LA ICPMS results indicate a significantly higher expression level of MUC 1 compared to Her 2 and CK 7, which was not obvious from the conventionally stained tissue sections.
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Morphometrical analysis of transbronchial cryobiopsies.
Diagn Pathol
PUBLISHED: 04-01-2011
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The recent introduction of bronchoscopically recovered cryobiopsy of lung tissue has opened up new possibilities in the diagnosis of neoplastic and non-neoplastic lung diseases in various aspects. Most notably the morphological diagnosis of peripheral lung biopsies promises to achieve a better yield with a high quality of specimens. To better understand this phenomenon, its diagnostic options and perspectives, this study morphometrically compares 15 cryobiopsies and 18 transbronchial forceps biopsies of peripheral lung tissue a priori without considering clinical hit ratio or integration of results in the clinical diagnostic processing. Cryotechnically harvested specimens were significantly larger (mean: 17.1 ± 10.7 mm2 versus 3.8 ± 4.0 mm2) and contained alveolar tissue more often. If present, the alveolar part in cryobiopsies exceeded the one of forceps biopsies. The alveolar tissue of crybiopsy specimens did not show any artefacts. Based on these results cryotechnique seems to open up new perspectives in bronchoscopic diagnosis of lung disease.
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Value of flexible bronchoscopy in the pre-operative work-up of solitary pulmonary nodules.
Eur. Respir. J.
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The diagnostic value of flexible bronchoscopy in the pre-operative work-up of solitary pulmonary nodules (SPN) is still under debate among pneumologists, radiologists and thoracic surgeons. In a prospective observational manner, flexible bronchoscopy was routinely performed in 225 patients with SPN of unknown origin. Of the 225 patients, 80.5% had lung cancer, 7.6% had metastasis of an extrapulmonary primary tumour and 12% had benign aetiology. Unsuspected endobronchial involvement was found in 4.4% of all 225 patients (or in 5.5% of patients with lung cancer). In addition, flexible bronchoscopy clarified the underlying aetiology in 41% of the cases. The bronchoscopic biopsy results from the SPN were positive in 84 (46.5%) patients with lung cancer. Surgery was cancelled due to the results of flexible bronchoscopy in four cases (involvement of the right main bronchus (impaired pulmonary function did not allow pneumonectomy) n=1, small cell lung cancer n=1, bacterial pneumonia n=2), and the surgical strategy had to be modified to bilobectomy in one patient. Flexible bronchoscopy changed the planned surgical approach in five cases substantially. These results suggest that routine flexible bronchoscopy should be included in the regular pre-operative work-up of patients with SPN.
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What is Visualize?

JoVE Visualize is a tool created to match the last 5 years of PubMed publications to methods in JoVE's video library.

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We use abstracts found on PubMed and match them to JoVE videos to create a list of 10 to 30 related methods videos.

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In developing our video relationships, we compare around 5 million PubMed articles to our library of over 4,500 methods videos. In some cases the language used in the PubMed abstracts makes matching that content to a JoVE video difficult. In other cases, there happens not to be any content in our video library that is relevant to the topic of a given abstract. In these cases, our algorithms are trying their best to display videos with relevant content, which can sometimes result in matched videos with only a slight relation.