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Find video protocols related to scientific articles indexed in Pubmed.
Mapping polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon and total toxicity equivalent soil concentrations by visible and near-infrared spectroscopy.
Environ. Pollut.
PUBLISHED: 02-27-2014
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In this study, we used data from spectroscopic models based on visible and near-infrared (vis-NIR; 350-2500 nm) diffuse reflectance spectroscopy to develop soil maps of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) and total toxicity equivalent concentrations (TTEC) of the PAH mixture. The TTEC maps were then used for hazard assessment of three petroleum release sites in the Niger Delta province of Nigeria (5.317°N, 6.467°E). As the paired t-test revealed, there were non-significant (p > 0.05) differences between soil maps of PAH and TTEC developed with chemically measured and vis-NIR-predicted data. Comparison maps of PAH showed a slight to moderate agreement between measured and predicted data (Kappa coefficient = 0.19-0.56). Using proposed generic assessment criteria, hazard assessment showed that the degree of action for site-specific risk assessment and/or remediation is similar for both measurement methods. This demonstrates that the vis-NIR method may be useful for monitoring hydrocarbon contamination in a petroleum release site.
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Monocytes/macrophages support mammary tumor invasivity by co-secreting lineage-specific EGFR ligands and a STAT3 activator.
BMC Cancer
PUBLISHED: 04-08-2013
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Tumor-associated macrophages (TAM) promote malignant progression, yet the repertoire of oncogenic factors secreted by TAM has not been clearly defined. We sought to analyze which EGFR- and STAT3-activating factors are secreted by monocytes/macrophages exposed to tumor cell-secreted factors.
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The cancer-associated FGFR4-G388R polymorphism enhances pancreatic insulin secretion and modifies the risk of diabetes.
Cell Metab.
PUBLISHED: 01-18-2013
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The fibroblast growth factor receptor 4 (FGFR4)-R388 single-nucleotide polymorphism has been associated with cancer risk and prognosis. Here we show that the FGFR4-R388 allele yields a receptor variant that preferentially promotes STAT3/5 signaling. This STAT activation transcriptionally induces Grb14 in pancreatic endocrine cells to promote insulin secretion. Knockin mice with the FGFR4 variant allele develop pancreatic islets that secrete more insulin, a feature that is reversed through Grb14 deletion and enhanced with FGF19 administration. We also show in humans that the FGFR4-R388 allele enhances islet function and may protect against type 2 diabetes. These data support a common genetic link underlying cancer and hyperinsulinemia.
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The FGFR4-G388R polymorphism promotes mitochondrial STAT3 serine phosphorylation to facilitate pituitary growth hormone cell tumorigenesis.
PLoS Genet.
PUBLISHED: 07-15-2011
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Pituitary tumors are common intracranial neoplasms, yet few germline abnormalities have been implicated in their pathogenesis. Here we show that a single nucleotide germline polymorphism (SNP) substituting an arginine (R) for glycine (G) in the FGFR4 transmembrane domain can alter pituitary cell growth and hormone production. Compared with FGFR4-G388 mammosomatotroph cells that support prolactin (PRL) production, FGFR4-R388 cells express predominantly growth hormone (GH). Growth promoting effects of FGFR4-R388 as evidenced by enhanced colony formation was ascribed to Src activation and mitochondrial serine phosphorylation of STAT3 (pS-STAT3). In contrast, diminished pY-STAT3 mediated by FGFR4-R388 relieved GH inhibition leading to hormone excess. Using a knock-in mouse model, we demonstrate the ability of FGFR4-R385 to promote GH pituitary tumorigenesis. In patients with acromegaly, pituitary tumor size correlated with hormone excess in the presence of the FGFR4-R388 but not the FGFR4-G388 allele. Our findings establish a new role for the FGFR4-G388R polymorphism in pituitary oncogenesis, providing a rationale for targeting Src and STAT3 in the personalized treatment of associated disorders.
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A single nucleotide change in the mouse genome accelerates breast cancer progression.
Cancer Res.
PUBLISHED: 01-12-2010
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In the growth factor receptor gene FGFR4 the presence of the common single nucleotide polymorphism Arg388 has been associated with progression of various types of cancer including breast cancer. However, a causative relationship is not readily assigned due to genetic heterogeneity in different patient cohorts. To address this issue, we compared the effects of this allele on malignant progression in the WAP-TGFalpha transgenic mouse model of breast cancer. A knock-in strain was generated to introduce an analogous Arg385 allele into the murine FGFR4 gene. Mouse embryonic fibroblasts derived from this strain displayed accelerated cell transformation, with transformed cells exhibiting greater motility and invasive behavior. In the in vivo context of TGFalpha-induced mammary carcinogenesis, tumor development and progression was significantly advanced in tumor mass, size, and onset of pulmonary metastases. Our findings definitively identify the FGFR4 Arg388 allele as a functional prognostic marker for breast cancer progression.
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What is Visualize?

JoVE Visualize is a tool created to match the last 5 years of PubMed publications to methods in JoVE's video library.

How does it work?

We use abstracts found on PubMed and match them to JoVE videos to create a list of 10 to 30 related methods videos.

Video X seems to be unrelated to Abstract Y...

In developing our video relationships, we compare around 5 million PubMed articles to our library of over 4,500 methods videos. In some cases the language used in the PubMed abstracts makes matching that content to a JoVE video difficult. In other cases, there happens not to be any content in our video library that is relevant to the topic of a given abstract. In these cases, our algorithms are trying their best to display videos with relevant content, which can sometimes result in matched videos with only a slight relation.