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Find video protocols related to scientific articles indexed in Pubmed.
A risk prediction model for screening bacteremic patients: a cross sectional study.
PLoS ONE
PUBLISHED: 09-03-2014
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Bacteraemia is a frequent and severe condition with a high mortality rate. Despite profound knowledge about the pre-test probability of bacteraemia, blood culture analysis often results in low rates of pathogen detection and therefore increasing diagnostic costs. To improve the cost-effectiveness of blood culture sampling, we computed a risk prediction model based on highly standardizable variables, with the ultimate goal to identify via an automated decision support tool patients with very low risk for bacteraemia.
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Additive gene-environment effects on hippocampal structure in healthy humans.
J. Neurosci.
PUBLISHED: 07-25-2014
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Hippocampal volume loss has been related to chronic stress as well as genetic factors. Although genetic and environmental variables affecting hippocampal volume have extensively been studied and related to mental illness, limited evidence is available with respect to G × E interactions on hippocampal volume. The present MRI study investigated interaction effects on hippocampal volume between three well-studied functional genetic variants (COMT Val158Met, BDNF Val66Met, 5-HTTLPR) associated with hippocampal volume and a measure of environmental adversity (life events questionnaire) in a large sample of healthy humans (n = 153). All three variants showed significant interactions with environmental adversity with respect to hippocampal volume. Observed effects were additive by nature and driven by both recent as well as early life events. A consecutive analysis of hippocampal subfields revealed a spatially distinct profile for each genetic variant suggesting a specific role of 5-HTTLPR for the subiculum, BDNF Val66Met for CA4/dentate gyrus, and COMT Val158Met for CA2/3 volume changes. The present study underscores the importance of G × E interactions as determinants of hippocampal volume, which is crucial for the neurobiological understanding of stress-related conditions, such as mood disorders or post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD).
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9p21.3 risk locus is associated with first-ever myocardial infarction in an Austrian cohort.
J Cardiovasc Med (Hagerstown)
PUBLISHED: 07-18-2014
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Atherosclerosis often presents as a complex systemic disease that is strongly influenced by lifestyle factors, but also by the genetic background. The sequence variant rs1333049 affects the expression of ANRIL, a noncoding RNA transcript playing a key role in the regulation of inflammatory processes. We thus aimed to replicate the predictive value of genetic information on this variant regarding the development of cardiovascular events in an Austrian high-risk cohort.
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Efficacy of fosfomycin compared to vancomycin in treatment of implant-associated chronic methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus osteomyelitis in rats.
Antimicrob. Agents Chemother.
PUBLISHED: 06-16-2014
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Fosfomycin monotherapy was compared to therapy with vancomycin for the treatment of implant-associated methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) osteomyelitis in an experimental rat model. The proximal tibiae were inoculated with 15 ?l of a suspension containing 1×10(8) to 5×10(8) CFU/ml of a clinical isolate of MRSA with simultaneous insertion of a titanium wire. Four weeks later, treatment was started for 28 days with either 50 mg/kg of body weight vancomycin intraperitoneally twice daily (n=11) or 75 mg/kg fosfomycin intraperitoneally once daily (n=10). Eleven animals were left untreated. After treatment, quantitative cultures from bone were found to be positive for MRSA in all animals in the untreated group (median, 3.29×10(6) CFU/g of bone) and the vancomycin group (median, 3.03×10(5) CFU/g of bone). In the fosfomycin group, MRSA was detectable in 2 out of 10 (20%) animals (3.42×10(2) and 1.51×10(3) CFU/g of bone). Vancomycin was superior to the no-drug control (P=0.002), and fosfomycin was superior to the no-drug control and vancomycin (P<0.001). The cultures from the wires were positive in all untreated animals (median, 2.5×10(3) CFU/implant), in 10 animals in the vancomycin group (median, 1.15×10(3) CFU/implant), and negative in all animals in the fosfomycin group. Based on the bacterial counts from the implants, vancomycin was not superior to the no-drug control (P=0.324), and fosfomycin was superior to the no-drug control and vancomycin (P<0.001). No emergence of resistance was observed. In conclusion, it was demonstrated that fosfomycin monotherapy is highly effective for the treatment of experimental implant-associated MRSA osteomyelitis.
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Evaluation of the automated coagulation analyzer CS-5100 and its utility in high throughput laboratories.
Clin. Chem. Lab. Med.
PUBLISHED: 03-13-2014
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Automated analyzers are an important component of modern laboratories. As a representative of the newest generation of coagulation analyzers, the CS-5100 features several technical refinements including a pre-analytical assessment unit as well as multi-wavelength optical detection units. Therefore, the CS-5100 is supposed to rapidly and accurately perform a broad panel of coagulation tests. In the current study, the CS-5100 was evaluated regarding its precision and practicability in a clinical laboratory setting.
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Role of angiogenic factors/cell adhesion markers in serum of cirrhotic patients with hepatopulmonary syndrome.
Liver Int.
PUBLISHED: 02-28-2014
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Hepatopulmonary syndrome is a complication of chronic liver disease resulting in increased morbidity and mortality. It is caused by intrapulmonary vascular dilations and arteriovenous connections with devastating influence on gas exchange. The pathogenesis is not completely understood but evidence mounts for angiogenesis. Aims of this study were to identify angiogenic factors in serum of patients with hepatopulmonary syndrome and to study the possibility to predict its presence by these factors.
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Urine and serum concentrations of Cytokeratin 19 in preeclampsia.
Eur. J. Obstet. Gynecol. Reprod. Biol.
PUBLISHED: 02-17-2014
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To evaluate the usefulness of Cytokeratin 19 as biomarker for the diagnosis of preeclampsia.
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Affective and inflammatory responses among orchestra musicians in performance situation.
Brain Behav. Immun.
PUBLISHED: 02-12-2014
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A number of studies have shown that mental challenge under controlled experimental conditions is associated with elevations in inflammatory markers such as interleukin-6 (IL-6) and C-reactive protein (CRP). However, relatively little work has been done on the effects of 'naturalistic' stressors on acute changes in inflammatory markers. The present study examined whether perceived arousal, valence and dominance in musicians are associated with pro-inflammatory and oxidative responses to a concert situation. Blood and salivary samples obtained from 48 members of a symphony orchestra on the day of rehearsal (i.e., control situation) and on the following day of premiere concert (i.e., test situation) were used to determine changes in salivary cortisol, pro-inflammatory markers (plasma myeloperoxidase, serum CRP, plasma IL-6), oxidative stress markers (paraoxonase1 activity and malondialdehyde), and homocysteine, a risk factor for vascular disease. Results of regression analyses showed a significant trend to increased myeloperoxidase (MPO) response in individuals with low valence score. Both affective states, valence and arousal, were identified as significant predictors of cortisol response during concert. In addition, control levels of plasma malondialdehyde were positively correlated with differences in IL-6 levels between premiere and rehearsal (r=.38, p=.012), pointing to higher oxidative stress in individuals with pronounced IL-6 response. Our results indicate that stress of public performance leads to increased concentrations of plasma MPO (20%), IL-6 (27%) and salivary cortisol (44%) in musicians. The decreasing effect of pleasantness on the MPO response was highly pronounced in non-smokers (r=-.60, p<.001), suggesting a significant role of emotional valence in stress-induced secretion of MPO. Additional studies are needed to assess the generalizability of these findings to other 'naturalistic' stress situations.
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Oppositional COMT Val158Met effects on resting state functional connectivity in adolescents and adults.
Brain Struct Funct
PUBLISHED: 02-04-2014
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Prefrontal dopamine levels are relatively increased in adolescence compared to adulthood. Genetic variation of COMT (COMT Val158Met) results in lower enzymatic activity and higher dopamine availability in Met carriers. Given the dramatic changes of synaptic dopamine during adolescence, it has been suggested that effects of COMT Val158Met genotypes might have oppositional effects in adolescents and adults. The present study aims to identify such oppositional COMT Val158Met effects in adolescents and adults in prefrontal brain networks at rest. Resting state functional connectivity data were collected from cross-sectional and multicenter study sites involving 106 healthy young adults (mean age 24 ± 2.6 years), gender matched to 106 randomly chosen 14-year-olds. We selected the anterior medial prefrontal cortex (amPFC) as seed due to its important role as nexus of the executive control and default mode network. We observed a significant age-dependent reversal of COMT Val158Met effects on resting state functional connectivity between amPFC and ventrolateral as well as dorsolateral prefrontal cortex, and parahippocampal gyrus. Val homozygous adults exhibited increased and adolescents decreased connectivity compared to Met homozygotes for all reported regions. Network analyses underscored the importance of the parahippocampal gyrus as mediator of observed effects. Results of this study demonstrate that adolescent and adult resting state networks are dose-dependently and diametrically affected by COMT genotypes following a hypothetical model of dopamine function that follows an inverted U-shaped curve. This study might provide cues for the understanding of disease onset or dopaminergic treatment mechanisms in major neuropsychiatric disorders such as schizophrenia and attention deficit hyperactivity disorder.
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Von Willebrand factor antigen for detection of hepatopulmonary syndrome in patients with cirrhosis.
J. Hepatol.
PUBLISHED: 02-02-2014
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Hepatopulmonary syndrome (HPS) occurs in 20-30% of patients with liver cirrhosis and is associated with a >2 fold increased mortality. Endothelial dysfunction seems to play a central role in its pathogenesis. von Willebrand factor antigen (vWF-Ag), an established marker of endothelial dysfunction, is significantly elevated in patients with liver cirrhosis, portal hypertension, and in experimental HPS. Aim of the present study was to evaluate the impact of vWF-Ag as a screening marker for presence of HPS in patients with stable cirrhosis.
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Prognostic value of culprit site neutrophils in acute coronary syndrome.
Eur. J. Clin. Invest.
PUBLISHED: 01-20-2014
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Recent data suggest that acute coronary syndromes (ACS) and acute myocardial infarction (AMI) are characterized by an inflammatory subset of thrombosis. We have previously described the accumulation of neutrophils at the coronary culprit lesion site. In this work, we assessed the prognostic value of culprit site (CS) neutrophil accumulation on long-term mortality in patients with AMI.
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Long-term outcome of anti-glomerular basement membrane antibody disease treated with immunoadsorption.
PLoS ONE
PUBLISHED: 01-01-2014
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Anti-glomerular basement membrane (GBM) antibody disease may lead to acute crescentic glomerulonephritis with poor renal prognosis. Current therapy favours plasma exchange (PE) for removal of pathogenic antibodies. Immunoadsorption (IAS) is superior to PE regarding efficiency of antibody-removal and safety. Apart from anecdotal data, there is no systemic analysis of the long-term effects of IAS on anti-GBM-disease and antibody kinetics.
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Platelet serotonin transporter function predicts default-mode network activity.
PLoS ONE
PUBLISHED: 01-01-2014
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The serotonin transporter (5-HTT) is abundantly expressed in humans by the serotonin transporter gene SLC6A4 and removes serotonin (5-HT) from extracellular space. A blood-brain relationship between platelet and synaptosomal 5-HT reuptake has been suggested, but it is unknown today, if platelet 5-HT uptake can predict neural activation of human brain networks that are known to be under serotonergic influence.
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ABO antibody and complement depletion by immunoadsorption combined with membrane filtration--a randomized, controlled, cross-over trial.
Nephrol. Dial. Transplant.
PUBLISHED: 12-29-2013
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Potent antibody depletion techniques have paved the way to successful ABO-incompatible transplantation. Considering its efficiency regarding IgG removal, the use of non-antigen-specific semi-selective immunoadsorption (IA) has been advocated. One attractive strategy to overcome the caveat of incomplete IgM depletion and to interfere with complement activation could be the adjunctive use of membrane filtration (MF) to enhance the removal of macromolecules.
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Differential impact of inflammation on six laboratory assays measuring residual arachidonic acid-inducible platelet reactivity during dual antiplatelet therapy.
J. Atheroscler. Thromb.
PUBLISHED: 06-04-2013
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Inflammation has been postulated to modify the platelet response to aspirin treatment, thereby causing high on-treatment residual platelet reactivity (HRPR). Both high levels of inflammatory markers and HRPR have been linked to adverse cardiovascular events. We aimed to study the impact of inflammation on residual arachidonic acid (AA)-inducible platelet reactivity.
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Reagent-free monitoring of multiple clinically relevant parameters in human blood plasma using a mid-infrared quantum cascade laser based sensor system.
Analyst
PUBLISHED: 05-17-2013
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We present a semi-automated point-of-care (POC) sensor approach for the simultaneous and reagent-free determination of clinically relevant parameters in blood plasma. The portable sensor system performed direct mid-infrared (MIR) transmission measurements of blood plasma samples using a broadly tunable external-cavity quantum cascade laser source with high spectral power density. This enabled the use of a flow cell with a long path length (165 ?m) which resulted in high signal-to-noise ratios and a rugged system, insensitive to clogging. Multivariate calibration models were built using well established Partial-Least-Squares (PLS) regression analysis. Selection of spectral pre-processing procedures was optimized by an automated evaluation algorithm. Several analytes, including glucose, lactate, triglycerides, cholesterol, total protein as well as albumin, were successfully quantified in routinely taken blood plasma samples from 67 critically ill patients. Although relying on a spectral range from 1030 cm(-1) to 1230 cm(-1), which is optimal for glucose and lactate but rather unusual for protein analysis, it was possible to selectively determine the albumin and total protein concentrations with sufficient accuracy for POC application.
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WAVE1 mediates suppression of phagocytosis by phospholipid-derived DAMPs.
J. Clin. Invest.
PUBLISHED: 05-02-2013
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Clearance of invading pathogens is essential to preventing overwhelming inflammation and sepsis that are symptomatic of bacterial peritonitis. Macrophages participate in this innate immune response by engulfing and digesting pathogens, a process called phagocytosis. Oxidized phospholipids (OxPL) are danger-associated molecular patterns (DAMPs) generated in response to infection that can prevent the phagocytic clearance of bacteria. We investigated the mechanism underlying OxPL action in macrophages. Exposure to OxPL induced alterations in actin polymerization, resulting in spreading of peritoneal macrophages and diminished uptake of E. coli. Pharmacological and cell-based studies showed that an anchored pool of PKA mediates the effects of OxPL. Gene silencing approaches identified the A-kinase anchoring protein (AKAP) WAVE1 as an effector of OxPL action in vitro. Chimeric Wave1(-/-) mice survived significantly longer after infection with E. coli and OxPL treatment in vivo. Moreover, we found that endogenously generated OxPL in human peritoneal dialysis fluid from end-stage renal failure patients inhibited phagocytosis via WAVE1. Collectively, these data uncover an unanticipated role for WAVE1 as a critical modulator of the innate immune response to severe bacterial infections.
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Clinical impact of arterial ammonia levels in ICU patients with different liver diseases.
Intensive Care Med
PUBLISHED: 04-03-2013
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Increased arterial ammonia levels are associated with high mortality in patients with acute liver failure (ALF). Data on the prognostic impact of arterial ammonia is lacking in hypoxic hepatitis (HH) and scarce in critically ill patients with cirrhosis.
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Chronic lymphocytic leukemia patients have a preserved cytomegalovirus-specific antibody response despite progressive hypogammaglobulinemia.
PLoS ONE
PUBLISHED: 01-01-2013
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Chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) is characterized by progressive hypogammaglobulinemia predisposing affected patients to a variety of infectious diseases but paradoxically not to cytomegalovirus (CMV) disease. Moreover, we found reactivity of a panel of CLL recombinant antibodies (CLL-rAbs) encoded by a germ-line allele with a single CMV protein, pUL32, despite differing antibody binding motifs. To put these findings into perspective, we studied prospectively relative frequency of viremia, kinetics of total and virus-specific IgG over time, and UL32 genetic variation in a cohort of therapy-naive patients (n=200). CMV-DNA was detected in 3% (6/200) of patients. The decay of total IgG was uniform (mean, 0.03; SD, 0.03) and correlated with that of IgG subclasses 1-4 in the paired samples available (n=64; p<0.001). Total CMV-specific IgG kinetics were more variable (mean, 0,02; SD, 0,06) and mean decay values differed significantly from those of total IgG (p=0.034). Boosts of CMV-specific antibody levels were observed in 49% (22/45) of CMV-seropositive patients. In contrast, VZV- and EBV-specific IgG levels decayed in parallel with total IgG levels (p=0.003 and p=0.001, respectively). VZV-specific IgG even became undetectable in 18% (9/50) of patients whereas CMV-specific ones remained detectable in all seropositive patients. The observed CMV-specific IgG kinetics were predicated upon the highly divergent kinetics of IgG specific for individual antigens - glycoprotein B-specific IgG were boosted in 51% and pUL32-specific IgG in 32% of patients. In conclusion, CLL patients have a preserved CMV-specific antibody response despite progressive decay of total IgG and IgG subclasses. CMV-specific IgG levels are frequently boosted in contrast to that of other herpesviruses indicative of a higher rate of CMV reactivation and antigen-presentation. In contrast to the reactivity of multiple different CLL-rAbs with pUL32, boosts of humoral immunity are triggered apparently by other CMV antigens than pUL32, like glycoprotein B.
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Thrombocytes Correlate with Lymphangiogenesis in Human Esophageal Cancer and Mediate Growth of Lymphatic Endothelial Cells In Vitro.
PLoS ONE
PUBLISHED: 01-01-2013
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Recent data provide evidence for an important role of thrombocytes in lymphangiogenesis within human malignant disease. The aim of this study was to investigate the role of thrombocytes in lymphangiogenesis in human esophageal cancer. Perioperative peripheral blood platelet counts (PBPC) were evaluated retrospectively in 320 patients with esophageal cancer, comprising 184 adenocarcinomas (AC), and 136 squamous cell carcinomas (SCC). Data on lymphangiogenesis evaluated by anti-podoplanin immunostaining were available from previous studies, platelets within the tumor tissue were assessed by CD61 immunostaining. For in vitro studies, human lymphatic endothelial cells (LECs) were isolated and co-cultured with peripheral blood platelets. Stromal thrombocytic clusters (STC) were evident in 82 samples (25.6%), and vascular thrombocytic clusters (VTC) in 56 (17.5%). STC and VTC were associated with a significantly higher PBPC at investigation of all cases. The presence of STC was associated with higher lymphatic microvessel density (p<0.001), PBPC and STC were associated with lymphovascular invasion of tumor cells in a regression model. The presence of STCs was associated with shorter DFS of all patients (p?=?0.036, Breslow test), and VTC with shorter DFS in in SCC (p?=?0.025, Breslow test). In cell culture, LEC proliferation was enhanced by co-culture with human platelets in a dose- and time-dependent manner mediated by the release of PDGF-BB and VEGF-C. Platelets play an important role in lymphangiogenesis and lymphovascular invasion in esophageal cancer, influencing prognosis. So the disruption of signaling pathways between platelets, tumor cells and lymphatic endothelium might be of benefit for patients.
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Plasma myeloperoxidase level and peripheral arterial disease.
Eur. J. Clin. Invest.
PUBLISHED: 09-23-2011
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Myeloperoxidase (MPO) is involved in a multitude of inflammatory processes involving oxidative modification of soluble components and cellular surfaces. Thus, MPO plays a key role in promoting atherosclerosis via oxidative stress by modification of both high- and low-density lipoprotein and production of other bioactive molecules. A polymorphism (MPO 463G>A, rs2333227) results in different expression rates of MPO. We aimed to assess whether MPO could be of clinical use as a risk marker for vascular disease in a high-risk group.
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Complementary role of copeptin and high-sensitivity troponin in predicting outcome in patients with stable chronic heart failure.
Eur. J. Heart Fail.
PUBLISHED: 05-26-2011
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Copeptin, the C-terminal part of the vasopressin pro-hormone, is elevated after myocardial infarction and predicts adverse outcome. In the present study we investigated whether the complementary role of copeptin and cardiac troponin T (cTnT) could be used for identification of high-risk patients with chronic stable heart failure.
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Serum glutathione S-transferase P1 1 in prediction of cardiac function.
J. Card. Fail.
PUBLISHED: 04-26-2011
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Glutathione S-transferase P1 1 (GSTP1) belongs to the multigene isozyme family involved in cellular response to oxidative stress and apoptosis. Our initial retrospective proteomic analysis suggested that GSTP1 is associated with heart failure (HF). Although pro-B-type natriuretic peptide (proBNP) serves currently as a surrogate diagnostic and prognostic parameter in HF patients, its specificity remains uncertain. We hypothesized that GSTP1 might be a useful serum marker in the monitoring of HF patients.
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Usefulness of pre-operative copeptin concentrations to predict post-operative outcome after major vascular surgery.
Am. J. Cardiol.
PUBLISHED: 04-25-2011
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The aim of this study was to investigate whether preoperative determination of plasma copeptin levels in addition to plasma N-terminal pro-B-type natriuretic peptide (NT-pro-BNP) could help improve risk stratification in patients who undergo major vascular surgery. One hundred ninety-eight consecutive patients who underwent major vascular surgery (58.6% infrainguinal aortic reconstruction, 23.7% abdominal aortic aneurysm surgery, 17.7% carotid endarterectomy) were included in this study. Patients were monitored for in-hospital and long-term (2-years) major adverse cardiac events, consisting of cardiac death, nonfatal myocardial infarction, and emergent coronary revascularization. Overall, 40 patients (20.2%) reached the primary end point, and most of these events occurred during the index hospital stay (n = 18 [45%]). In univariate Cox regression analysis, increasing concentrations of copeptin were significant determinants of outcome as a continuous variable (hazard ratio [HR] 1.012, p = 0.005) and as a dichotomized variable according to the recommended cutoff of 14.0 pmol/L (HR 4.116, p <0.001). Subgroup analyses revealed that especially patients at low estimated risk according to plasma NT-pro-BNP levels were at significantly higher risk for worse outcomes with higher copeptin levels (HR 5.983, p = 0.002). In multivariate Cox regression analysis, copeptin concentrations >14 pmol/L were significant independent predictors of outcome (HR 2.842, p = 0.002) in addition to type of surgery, history of myocardial infarction, elevated levels of cardiac troponin T, and NT-pro-BNP levels. In conclusion, the results of this study suggest that preoperative determination of this new biomarker could substantially improve prediction of perioperative and postoperative outcomes in vascular surgery patients.
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Mean platelet volume may represent a predictive parameter for overall vascular mortality and ischemic heart disease.
Arterioscler. Thromb. Vasc. Biol.
PUBLISHED: 02-17-2011
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An increased mean platelet volume (MPV), as an indicator of larger, more reactive platelets resulting from an increased platelet turnover, may represent a risk factor for overall vascular mortality, including myocardial infarction. We intended to identify patients at higher risk of dying from vascular disease in a large, hospital-based cohort.
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Genotypic diversity of complement component C4 does not predict kidney transplant outcome.
J. Am. Soc. Nephrol.
PUBLISHED: 12-16-2010
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Gene copy number of complement component C4, which varies among individuals, may determine the intrinsic strength of the classical complement pathway. Presuming a major role of complement as an effector in transplant rejection, we hypothesized that C4 genetic diversity may partially explain the variation in allograft outcomes. This retrospective study included 1969 deceased-donor kidney transplants randomly selected from the Collaborative Transplant Study DNA bank. We determined recipient and donor gene copy number of total C4, C4 isotypes (C4A and C4B), and C4 gene length variants (C4L and C4S) by quantitative real-time PCR analysis. Groups defined according to recipient C4 gene copy number (low, intermediate, and high) had similar 10-year allograft survival. Genotypic groups showed comparable rates of graft dysfunction, treatment for rejection, immunological graft loss, hospitalization for infection, malignant disease, and death. Similarly, separate analyses of C4A, C4B, C4L, and C4S; combined evaluation of donor and recipient C4 genotype; or analysis of recipients with higher risk for rejection did not reveal considerable outcome effects. In conclusion, we did not demonstrate that C4 gene copy number associates with transplant outcome, and we found no evidence that the resulting variation in the strength of classical complement activation influences susceptibility to rejection.
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Cognitive function in elderly marathon runners: cross-sectional data from the marathon trial (APSOEM).
Wien. Klin. Wochenschr.
PUBLISHED: 07-19-2010
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Cognitive impairment of the elderly contributes to morbidity, loss of quality of life, and impairment of work ability in aging western societies. Thus strategies to maintain cognitive function at an advanced age imply a great challenge to Occupational Medicine.
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Coagulation factor VIII levels are associated with long-term survival - interactions with gender in a large hospital-based cohort.
Wien. Klin. Wochenschr.
PUBLISHED: 05-07-2010
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Elevated coagulation factor VIII activity has been associated with increased risk for both venous and arterial thrombosis. The current study evaluated the influence of Factor VIII levels and interactions with gender on all cause mortality in a large Austrian cohort.
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Bbeta(15-42) protects against acid-induced acute lung injury and secondary pseudomonas pneumonia in vivo.
Am. J. Respir. Crit. Care Med.
PUBLISHED: 09-17-2009
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Acute lung injury (ALI) is a serious condition in critically ill patients that predisposes to secondary bacterial pneumonia. Vascular leak is a hallmark in the pathogenesis of ALI. The fibrin-derived peptide Bbeta(15-42) was shown to preserve endothelial barriers, thereby reducing vascular leak. The potential therapeutic role of Bbeta(15-42) in ALI has not been addressed so far.
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VITA-D: cholecalciferol substitution in vitamin D deficient kidney transplant recipients: a randomized, placebo-controlled study to evaluate the post-transplant outcome.
Trials
PUBLISHED: 05-29-2009
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Vitamin D does not only regulate calcium homeostasis but also plays an important role as an immune modulator. It influences the immune system through the induction of immune shifts and regulatory cells resulting in immunologic tolerance. As such, vitamin D is thought to exert beneficial effects within the transplant setting, especially in kidney transplant recipients, considering the high prevalence of vitamin D deficiency in kidney transplant recipients.
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The EGF 61A/G polymorphism - a predictive marker for recurrence of liver metastases from colorectal cancer.
Wien. Klin. Wochenschr.
PUBLISHED: 03-08-2009
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Epidermal growth factor (EGF) plays an important role in tumorigenesis. Variations in the DNA sequence of the gene EGF can lead to alterations in EGF activity, which is suspected to influence tumor progression. This retrospective study aimed to investigate the influence of EGF 61A/G polymorphism on the recurrence of liver metastases after hepatic surgery in patients with colorectal cancer.
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Oxidation-specific epitopes are dominant targets of innate natural antibodies in mice and humans.
J. Clin. Invest.
PUBLISHED: 02-25-2009
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Atherosclerosis is a chronic inflammatory disease characterized by the accumulation of oxidized lipoproteins and apoptotic cells. Adaptive immune responses to various oxidation-specific epitopes play an important role in atherogenesis. However, accumulating evidence suggests that these epitopes are also recognized by innate receptors, such as scavenger receptors on macrophages, and plasma proteins, such as C-reactive protein (CRP). Here, we provide multiple lines of evidence that oxidation-specific epitopes constitute a dominant, previously unrecognized target of natural Abs (NAbs) in both mice and humans. Using reconstituted mice expressing solely IgM NAbs, we have shown that approximately 30% of all NAbs bound to model oxidation-specific epitopes, as well as to atherosclerotic lesions and apoptotic cells. Because oxidative processes are ubiquitous, we hypothesized that these epitopes exert selective pressure to expand NAbs, which in turn play an important role in mediating homeostatic functions consequent to inflammation and cell death, as demonstrated by their ability to facilitate apoptotic cell clearance. These findings provide novel insights into the functions of NAbs in mediating host homeostasis and into their roles in health and diseases, such as chronic inflammatory diseases and atherosclerosis.
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Circulating progranulin levels in women with gestational diabetes mellitus and healthy controls during and after pregnancy.
Eur. J. Endocrinol.
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Progranulin (PGRN) was recently introduced as a novel marker of chronic inflammatory response in obesity and type 2 diabetes capable of directly affecting the insulin signaling pathway. This study aimed to investigate the role of PGRN in gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM), which is regarded as a model for early type 2 diabetes.
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What is Visualize?

JoVE Visualize is a tool created to match the last 5 years of PubMed publications to methods in JoVE's video library.

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We use abstracts found on PubMed and match them to JoVE videos to create a list of 10 to 30 related methods videos.

Video X seems to be unrelated to Abstract Y...

In developing our video relationships, we compare around 5 million PubMed articles to our library of over 4,500 methods videos. In some cases the language used in the PubMed abstracts makes matching that content to a JoVE video difficult. In other cases, there happens not to be any content in our video library that is relevant to the topic of a given abstract. In these cases, our algorithms are trying their best to display videos with relevant content, which can sometimes result in matched videos with only a slight relation.