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Find video protocols related to scientific articles indexed in Pubmed.
Monotherapy with lopinavir/ritonavir versus standard of care in HIV-infected patients virologically suppressed while on treatment with protease inhibitor-based regimens: results from the MoLo Study.
New Microbiol.
PUBLISHED: 04-12-2014
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This study compared the cost-efficacy ratios of lopinavir/ritonavir monotherapy (LPV/r-MT) and of standard of care in virologically suppressed HIV-infected patients. The results of the efficacy and safety analyses are presented. We conducted a multicentre, randomised, open-label trial of HIV-infected adults on stable treatment, with HIV- RNA <50 copies/mL, randomised to continue the ongoing regimen (cART-arm) or to switch to LPV/r (400/100 mg BID) MT (MT-arm). Time to virological rebound (VR = confirmed HIV-RNA ?50 copies/mL) was estimated by Ka- plan-Meier method and changes in laboratory values during follow-up were evaluated by univariate mixed-linear models. Ninety-four patients were randomised and analysed (43 in the MT-arm and 51 in the cART-arm). Five (four in the MT and 1 in the cART-arm; p=0.175) had VR, but time to VR did not statistically differ between the two arms (p=0.143). Major PI mutations were not detected at VR. Patients on MT had significant increases in total choles- terol [difference in mean change between MT and cART arm: 0.77 (±0.30) mg/dL per month; p=0.012] and eGFR [difference in mean change between MT and cART arm: 0.24 (±0.11) mL/min/1.73 m2 per month; p=0.029]. LPV/r-MT seems safe in most patients and should be considered in patients who have developed kidney toxicity from tenofovir.
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Effectiveness and durability of darunavir/ritonavir (DRV/r) in DRV/r-experienced HIV-1-infected patients in routine clinical practice.
J Int AIDS Soc
PUBLISHED: 01-01-2014
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This was a descriptive non-interventional study in HIV-1-infected patients treated with DRV/r conducted in the clinical setting, with a single-arm prospective design. The primary objective was to collect data on utilization of darunavir/ritonavir (DRV/r) under the conditions described in the marketing authorization. Efficacy (measured as viral load [VL] <50 copies/mL and CD4+ cell count) was evaluated for DRV/r in combination with other antiretroviral (ARV) agents in routine clinical practice in Italy.
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Prevalence, Awareness, Treatment, and Control Rate of Hypertension in HIV-Infected Patients: The HIV-HY Study.
Am. J. Hypertens.
PUBLISHED: 09-27-2013
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We aimed to assess the prevalence of hypertension in an unselected human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-infected population and to identify factors associated with hypertension prevalence, treatment, and control.
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Inconsistent condom use among HIV-positive women in the "Treatment as Prevention Era": data from the Italian DIDI study.
J Int AIDS Soc
PUBLISHED: 02-13-2013
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Introduction: Translation of the evidence regarding the protective role of highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) on HIV sexual transmission rates into sexual behaviour patterns of HIV-infected subjects remains largely unexplored. This study aims to describe frequency of self-reported condom use among women living with HIV in Italy and to investigate the variables associated with inconsistent condom use (ICU). Methods: DIDI (Donne con Infezione Da HIV) is an Italian multicentre study based on a questionnaire survey performed during November 2010 and February 2011. Women-reported frequency of condom use was dichotomized in "always" versus "at times"/"never" (ICU). Results: Among 343 women, prevalence of ICU was 44.3%. Women declared a stable partnership with an HIV-negative (38%) and with an HIV-positive person (43%), or an occasional sexual partner (19%). Among the 194 women engaged in a stable HIV-negative or an occasional partnership, 51% reported fear of infecting the partner. Nonetheless, 43% did not disclose HIV-positive status. Less than 5% of women used contraceptive methods other than condoms. At multivariable analysis, variables associated with ICU in the subgroup of women with a stable HIV-negative or an occasional HIV-unknown partner were: having an occasional partner (AOR 3.51, 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.44-8.54, p=0.005), and reporting fear of infecting the sexual partner (AOR 3.20, 95% CI 1.43-7.16, p=0.004). Current use of HAART together with virological control in plasma level did not predict ICU after adjusting for demographic, behavioural and HIV-related factors. With regard to socio-demographic factors, lower education was the only variable significantly associated with ICU in the multivariate analysis (AOR 2.27, 95% CI 1.07-4.82, p=0.03). No association was found between high adherence to HAART and ICU after adjusting for potential confounders (AOR 0.89, 95% CI 0.39-2.01, p=0.78). Conclusions: Currently in Italy, the use of HAART with undetectable HIV RNA in plasma as well as antiretroviral adherence is not associated with a specific condom use pattern in women living with HIV and engaged with a sero-discordant or an HIV-unknown partner. This might suggest that the awareness of the protective role of antiretroviral treatment on HIV sexual transmission is still limited among HIV-infected persons, at least in this country.
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The use of nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitors sparing regimens in treatment-experienced HIV-1 infected patients.
Curr. HIV Res.
PUBLISHED: 01-18-2013
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Despite the relative lack of data, nucleoside/nucleotide reverse transcriptase inhibitor (NRTI)-sparing regimens are increasingly prescribed in clinical practice in treatment-experienced HIV-1 infected patients. We aimed to assess the frequency of NRTI-sparing regimens among these subjects, and to evaluate and compare their safety and tolerability. Patients were included if enrolled in the currently ongoing cohorts (raltegravir and darunavir) of the Surveillance Cohort Long-Term Toxicity Antiretrovirals (SCOLTA) Project. The duration of treatment with antiretroviral therapy was evaluated using the Kaplan-Meier curve and NRTI-sparing and NRTI-based regimens were compared using the log-rank test. From 2006 to 2011, 689 experienced patients were analyzed, of whom 210 (30.5%) were on NRTI-sparing regimens. Patients on NRTI-sparing regimens were older (p=0.004) and had higher median CD4+ cell counts (p=0.002) than patients on NRTI-based regimens. The most frequent combination regimens were raltegravir plus darunavir/ritonavir (n=65; 30.95%) among patients on NRTI-sparing regimen and tenofovir DF/emtricitabine plus darunavir/ritonavir in the NRTI-containing group (n=102; 21.3%). There was no difference between groups in terms of total withdrawal, treatment discontinuation was more likely due to therapeutic failure in NRTI-sparing regimen. NRTI-sparing regimens should be evaluated in a prospective randomized trial.
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Cardiovascular risk assessment in antiretroviral-naïve HIV patients.
AIDS Patient Care STDS
PUBLISHED: 10-15-2009
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Various studies have been conducted to evaluate the role of antiretroviral therapy in the onset of cardiovascular risk among HIV-1-infected patients, while fewer data are available regarding antiretroviral-naïve patients. Our objective was to evaluate the cardiovascular risk among naïve subjects examining traditional risk factors, immunovirologic parameters, assessing the Framingham risk score (FRS), and detecting the presence of subclinical carotid lesions by means of color Doppler ultrasonography. One hundred seventy-two antiretroviral-naïve patients underwent color Doppler ultrasonography. An intima-media thickness (IMT) greater than 0.9 mm and/or atherosclerotic plaques were considered pathologic findings. Demographic, immunovirologic data, and risk factors for cardiovascular disease were collected. The 10-year probability of acute coronary events was assessed by the FRS. The statistical analysis was performed using t test and chi(2), Fishers test, and conditional multiple logistic. Thirty-six patients (20.9%) had lesions at ultrasonographic investigation. The presence of lesions was significantly related to male gender (p = 0.005), age (p = 0.003), sedentary life (p = 0.05), Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) group C or CD4(+) less than 150 cells/mm(3), and viral load (VL) > 100,000 copies per milliliter (p = 0.04). The presence of subclinical carotid lesions showed a highly significant direct association with the estimated FRS (p < 0.002). The presence of subclinical atheromasic lesion results was also high among antiretroviral-naïve patients. FRS is highly predictive of the lesions, but also an advanced stage of disease plays a significant role. Our data support the hypothesis that HIV infection per se is a risk factor for atherosclerosis. We recommend an ultrasonographic assessment both among patients with FRS 6% or more and among those in advanced stage of disease.
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The feature of Metabolic Syndrome in HIV naive patients is not the same of those treated: results from a prospective study.
Biomed. Pharmacother.
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Metabolic Syndrome (MS) is a common disorder combining obesity, dyslipidemia, hypertension, and insulin resistance. Its prevalence among HIV-infected people is still debated. Besides, how antiretroviral therapy and HIV infection per se are related to MS is still unclear. All treatment-naïve patients attending scheduled visits at CISAI group hospitals between January and December 2007 were eligible for the study. Patients without MS at enrolment were followed-up for 3 years or until they developed MS, diagnosed according to the National Cholesterol Education Program (NCEP) definition. The main objective was to assess the 3-years incidence of MS. MS was evaluated for 188 subjects. Out of them, 62 (33.0%) had started HAART at enrolment, whereas 67 (35.6%) more started during the observation. 59 (31.4%) were still treatment-naive at the study end. MS was newly diagnosed in 14 patients. The incidence was 2.60 cases/100 person-years (95% CI 1.47-4.51), 2.75 (1.11-5.72) among HAART-naïve patients and 2.65 (1.23-5.03) in subjects on HAART. Blood pressure did not change in the study period, whereas in naive patients the HDL level significantly lowered (median -6.0 vs. 4.0, P<0.0001) compared to HAART-treated patients. Triglicerides increased significantly in HAART subjects (median 12.0 vs. 1.0, P=0.02), as well as blood glucose (median 6.0 vs. 1.0, P=0.01). In our population, the overall MS incidence was low and largely similar in patients who started HAART or remained naive. However, the feature of MS was different in the two groups, suggesting that in untreated and treated patients MS developed through different metabolic pathways.
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Performance of genotypic tropism testing on proviral DNA in clinical practice: results from the DIVA study group.
New Microbiol.
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The DIVA study is aimed at setting up a standardized genotypic tropism-testing on proviral-DNA for the routine clinical diagnostic-laboratory.
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What is Visualize?

JoVE Visualize is a tool created to match the last 5 years of PubMed publications to methods in JoVE's video library.

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We use abstracts found on PubMed and match them to JoVE videos to create a list of 10 to 30 related methods videos.

Video X seems to be unrelated to Abstract Y...

In developing our video relationships, we compare around 5 million PubMed articles to our library of over 4,500 methods videos. In some cases the language used in the PubMed abstracts makes matching that content to a JoVE video difficult. In other cases, there happens not to be any content in our video library that is relevant to the topic of a given abstract. In these cases, our algorithms are trying their best to display videos with relevant content, which can sometimes result in matched videos with only a slight relation.