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Find video protocols related to scientific articles indexed in Pubmed.
Platform for induction and maintenance of transgene-free hiPSCs resembling ground state pluripotent stem cells.
Stem Cell Reports
PUBLISHED: 03-11-2014
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Cell banking, disease modeling, and cell therapy applications have placed increasing demands on hiPSC technology. Specifically, the high-throughput derivation of footprint-free hiPSCs and their expansion in systems that allow scaled production remains technically challenging. Here, we describe a platform for the rapid, parallel generation, selection, and expansion of hiPSCs using small molecule pathway inhibitors in stage-specific media compositions. The platform supported efficient and expedited episomal reprogramming using just OCT4/SOX2/SV40LT combination (0.5%-4.0%, between days 12 and 16) in a completely feeder-free environment. The resulting hiPSCs are transgene-free, readily cultured, and expanded as single cells while maintaining a homogeneous and genomically stable pluripotent population. hiPSCs generated or maintained in the media compositions described exhibit properties associated with the ground state of pluripotency. The simplicity and robustness of the system allow for the high-throughput generation and rapid expansion of a uniform hiPSC product that is applicable to industrial and clinical-grade use.
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Myogenic differentiation of muscular dystrophy-specific induced pluripotent stem cells for use in drug discovery.
Stem Cells Transl Med
PUBLISHED: 01-06-2014
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Human induced pluripotent stem cells (iPSCs) represent a scalable source of potentially any cell type for disease modeling and therapeutic screening. We have a particular interest in modeling skeletal muscle from various genetic backgrounds; however, efficient and reproducible methods for the myogenic differentiation of iPSCs have not previously been demonstrated. Ectopic myogenic differentiation 1 (MyoD) expression has been shown to induce myogenesis in primary cell types, but the same effect has been unexpectedly challenging to reproduce in human iPSCs. In this study, we report that optimization of culture conditions enabled direct MyoD-mediated differentiation of iPSCs into myoblasts without the need for an intermediate step or cell sorting. MyoD induction mediated efficient cell fusion of mature myocytes yielding multinucleated myosin heavy chain-positive myotubes. We applied the same approach to dystrophic iPSCs, generating 16 iPSC lines from fibroblasts of four patients with Duchenne and Becker muscular dystrophies. As seen with iPSCs from healthy donors, within 36 hours from MyoD induction there was a clear commitment toward the myogenic identity by the majority of iPSCs in culture (50%-70%). The patient iPSC-derived myotubes successfully adopted the skeletal muscle program, as determined by global gene expression profiling, and were functionally responsive to treatment with hypertrophic proteins insulin-like growth factor 1 (IGF-1) and wingless-type MMTV integration site family, member 7A (Wnt7a), which are being investigated as potential treatments for muscular dystrophy in clinical and preclinical studies, respectively. Our results demonstrate that iPSCs have no intrinsic barriers preventing MyoD from inducing efficient and rapid myogenesis and thus providing a scalable source of normal and dystrophic myoblasts for use in disease modeling and drug discovery.
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The use of pro-ana blogs for online social support.
Eat Disord
PUBLISHED: 09-19-2013
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The aim of this research was to document the content on pro-ana blogs and to uncover how the unique socio-technical features of blogs (interactivity, self-disclosure, masspersonal communication) facilitate social support among members. A final sample of 48 pro-ana blogs provided 624 individual units for coding. Results indicate that prevalent forms of social support were emotional support, esteem support, and informational support. A new category, reciprocal self-disclosure, was also revealed to be quite frequent. Blogs are spaces where social support is sought and communicated among members of the pro-ana network. Interpretation of blog communication and implications for treatment and research are discussed.
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Facebook use during relationship termination: uncertainty reduction and surveillance.
Cyberpsychol Behav Soc Netw
PUBLISHED: 06-20-2013
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Many studies document how individuals use Facebook to meet partners or develop and maintain relationships. Less is known about information-seeking behaviors during the stages of relationship termination. Relational dissolution is a socially embedded activity, and affordances of social network sites offer many advantages in reducing uncertainty after a breakup. A survey collected responses from 110 individuals who use Facebook to gather information about their romantic ex-partners. Results indicated that after breakup, partners may take advantage of the systems information visibility and the relative invisibility of movement depending on relational factors (initiator role and breakup uncertainty), social factors (perceived network approval of Facebook surveillance), and individual privacy concerns. This investigation addresses questions such as what type of information-seeking foci do individuals employ and how do individuals use Facebook as a form of surveillance? What factors motivate surveillance behavior?
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Serum oxidant and antioxidant status following an all-out 21-km run in adolescent runners undergoing professional training--a one-year prospective trial.
Int J Mol Sci
PUBLISHED: 06-06-2013
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This study investigated the 1-year longitudinal effect of professional training in adolescent runners on redox balance during intense endurance exercise. Changes in selected serum oxidant and antioxidant status in response to a 21-km running time trial in 10 runners (15.5 ± 1.3 years) undergoing professional training were evaluated twice in 12 months (pre- and post-evaluation). Venous blood samples were collected immediately before and 4-h following the 21-km run for analysis of serum concentrations of thiobarbituric acid-reactive substances (TBARS), xanthine oxidase (XO), catalase (CAT), reduced glutathione (GSH), superoxide dismutase (SOD), and total antioxidant capacity (T-AOC). In pre-evaluation trial, serum TBARS and SOD decreased after the 21-km run (p < 0.05) while XO, GSH, CAT and TAOC were unchanged. In post-evaluation trial, serum TBARS and SOD decreased, whereas XO and CAT increased post-exercise (p < 0.05). Furthermore, pre-exercise serum T-AOC, post-exercise serum XO, CAT, T-AOC (p < 0.05), and GSH (p = 0.057) appeared to be higher than the corresponding pre-evaluation values. The current findings suggest that a professional training regime in adolescent runners is not likely to jeopardize the development of their antioxidant defense. However, uncertainties in the maintenance of redox balance in runners facing increased exercise-induced oxidative stress as a consequence of training-induced enhancement of exercise capacity await further elucidation.
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Sport-specific endurance plank test for evaluation of global core muscle function.
Phys Ther Sport
PUBLISHED: 02-28-2013
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To examine the validity and reliability of a sports-specific endurance plank test for the evaluation of global core muscle function.
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Effect of repeated endurance runs on cardiac biomarkers and function in adolescents.
Med Sci Sports Exerc
PUBLISHED: 04-20-2011
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This study examined the effect of two bouts of prolonged exercise performed on the same day on cardiac biomarkers and left ventricular (LV) function in trained adolescent runners.
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Renal function parameters during early and late recovery periods following an all-out 21-km run in trained adolescent runners.
Clin. Chem. Lab. Med.
PUBLISHED: 04-06-2011
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This study investigated the changes in biomarkers of renal function and the corresponding estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) in 10 male adolescent (16.2±0.6 years) trained runners during early and late recovery periods after an all-out 21-km run.
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The effects of time and intensity of exercise on novel and established markers of CVD in adolescent youth.
Am. J. Hum. Biol.
PUBLISHED: 01-20-2011
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This article examines the effects of brief, intense exercise in comparison with traditional endurance exercise on both novel and traditional markers of cardiovascular disease (CVD) in youth.
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Temporal association of elevations in serum cardiac troponin T and myocardial oxidative stress after prolonged exercise in rats.
Eur. J. Appl. Physiol.
PUBLISHED: 07-30-2010
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The objective of this study was to determine if prolonged exercise resulted in the appearance of cardiac troponin T (cTnT) in serum and whether this was associated with elevated levels of myocardial oxidative stress. Forty-five male Sprague-Dawley rats were randomized into four groups and killed before (PRE-EX), immediately (0HR), 2 (2HR) and 24 h (24HR) after a 3-h bout of swimming with 5% body weight attached to their tail. In all animals serum cTnT was assayed using 3rd generation electrochemiluminescence. In homogenized heart tissue myocardial malondialdehyde (MDA), a marker of lipid peroxidation, glutathione (GSH), and a non-enzymatic estimate of total antioxidant capacity (T-AOC) were assessed spectrophotometrically. At PRE-EX cTnT was undetectable in all animals. At 0HR (median, range: 0.055, 0.020-0.100) and 2HR post-exercise (0.036, 0.016-2.110) cTnT was detectable in all animals (P < 0.05). At 24HR post-exercise cTnT was undetectable in all animals. An elevation in MDA was observed 0HR (mean ± SD: 1.7 ± 0.2 nmol mgpro(-1)) and 2HR (1.6 ± 0.3 nmol mgpro(-1)) post-exercise compared with PRE-EX (1.3 ± 0.2 nmol mgpro(-1); P < 0.05). The antioxidant response to this challenge was a significant (P < 0.05) decrease in GSH 2HR and 24HR post-exercise. Despite this T-AOC did not alter across the trial (P > 0.05). The results indicated that prolonged and strenuous exercise in rats resulted in an elevation in cTnT, a biomarker of cardiomyocyte damage, in all animals 0HR and 2HR after exercise completion. The time course of cTnT elevation was temporally associated with evidence of increased lipid peroxidation in the rat heart.
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Serum oxidant and antioxidant status during early and late recovery periods following an all-out 21-km run in trained adolescent runners.
Eur. J. Appl. Physiol.
PUBLISHED: 07-13-2010
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It is well documented that intense exercise precipitates oxidative stress in adults. However, there is lack of related studies concerning oxidant and antioxidant status during early and late recovery periods in adolescent athletes, following endurance exercise in particular. This study investigated aspects of the serum oxidant and antioxidant status of 12 male adolescent (16.2 ± 0.6 years) trained runners during early and late recovery periods after an all-out 21-km run. Venous blood samples were taken immediately before, 2 and 4 h following (early recovery period), and 24 h following (late recovery period) the 21-km run. Samples were analyzed for serum concentrations of thiobarbituric acid-reactive substances (TBARS), uric acid (UA), reduced glutathione (GSH), and enzymatic activity of xanthine oxidase (XO), superoxide dismutase (SOD), and catalase (CAT). During the early recovery period, there were increases in the 4-h GSH (194.8 ± 10.4 vs. 211.8 ± 11.4 mg l(-1), P < 0.05), 2- and 4-h UA (307.8 ± 68.6 vs. 327.4 ± 63.8; 330.2 ± 65.1 ?mol l(-1), P < 0.05), and 2-h CAT (2.05 ± 0.44 vs. 3.07 ± 0.51 U ml(-1), P < 0.05), and decreases in the 2-h XO (11.1 ± 1.5 vs. 10.3 ± 1.2 U l(-1), P < 0.05) compared to the corresponding pre-exercise level, respectively. No change was observed in SOD (P > 0.05). At the late recovery period, there was an increase in CAT (2.80 ± 0.49 U ml(-1), P < 0.05) and TBARS (2.99 ± 0.83 vs. 4.40 ± 1.38 nmol ml(-1), P < 0.05). These data indicate that although the antioxidant capacity of adolescent runners is augmented during the early recovery period following the 21-km run, they were not completely protected from oxidative stress during the later recovery period.
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Chronic and acute inspiratory muscle loading augment the effect of a 6-week interval program on tolerance of high-intensity intermittent bouts of running.
J Strength Cond Res
PUBLISHED: 03-31-2010
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This study examined the hypothesis that chronic (training) and acute (warm-up) loaded ventilatory activities applied to the inspiratory muscles (IM) in an integrated manner would augment the training volume of an interval running program. This in turn would result in additional improvement in the maximum performance of the Yo-Yo intermittent recovery test in comparison with interval training alone. Eighteen male nonprofessional athletes were allocated to either an inspiratory muscle loading (IML) group or control group. Both groups participated in a 6-week interval running program consisting of 3-4 workouts (1-3 sets of various repetitions of selected distance [100-2,400 m] per workout) per week. For the IML group, 4-week IM training (30 inspiratory efforts at 50% maximal static inspiratory pressure [P0] per set, 2 sets·d-1, 6 d·wk-1) was applied before the interval program. Specific IM warm-up (2 sets of 30 inspiratory efforts at 40% P0) was performed before each workout of the program. For the control group, neither IML was applied. In comparison with the control group, the interval training volume as indicated by the repeatability of running bouts at high intensity was approximately 27% greater in the IML group. Greater increase in the maximum performance of the Yo-Yo test (control: 16.9 ± 5.5%; IML: 30.7 ± 4.7% baseline value) was also observed after training. The enhanced exercise performance was partly attributable to the greater reductions in the sensation of breathlessness and whole-body metabolic stress during the Yo-Yo test. These findings show that the combination of chronic and acute IML into a high-intensity interval running program is a beneficial training strategy for enhancing the tolerance to high-intensity intermittent bouts of running.
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The release of immunosuppressive factor(s) in young males following exercise.
Sensors (Basel)
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It has been shown that a suppressive protein, acting as an immune suppressor, is generated in animals and humans under particular stresses. However, studies related to immunosuppressive factors in response to the stress resulting from acute exercise are limited. This study compares the effects of pre- and post-exercise human serum on concanavalin A stimulated lymphocyte proliferation of mice. In the present study, blood samples in eight male undergraduates (age 21 ± 0.7 years) were taken before and immediately after ten sets of exercise consisting of 15 free and 30 10-kg loaded squat jumps in each set. The suppression of lymphocyte proliferation was analysed with high pressure liquid chromatography. It was noted from the result of gel chromatography columns that the post-exercise values of the suppression of lymphocyte proliferation, in comparison to corresponding pre-exercise values, were generally greater with significant differences observed in 7.5th-9th min post-exercise eluates (P < 0.05). Such findings suggest that intense eccentric type exercise may lead to generation of immunosuppressive factor(s) in young males.
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Serum oxidant and antioxidant status in adolescents undergoing professional endurance sports training.
Oxid Med Cell Longev
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This study evaluated the impact of professional training on serum oxidant and antioxidant status in adolescent endurance athletes and compared it with that of untrained individuals. Firstly, serum thiobarbituric-acid-reactive substances (TBARSs), xanthine oxidase (XO), catalase (CAT), reduced glutathione (GSH), superoxide dismutase (SOD), and total antioxidant capacity (T-AOC) were measured in 67 male runners, cyclists, and untrained adolescents. Seven-day dietary intakes were also assessed. Secondly, for age- and Tanner-stage-matched comparison, 36 out of the 67 subjects (12 for each group) were then selected and investigated. In cyclists, XO, GSH, and CAT were higher as compared with runners and controls. The CAT in runners, but not GSH and XO, was also higher than in controls. TBARS, T-AOC, and SOD did not differ among the study populations. Regarding the inter-individual relationships among serum redox statuses and dietary nutrient intakes, significant correlations were noted in CAT versus carbohydrates, protein, magnesium, and manganese; GSH versus carbohydrates, protein, fat, selenium, zinc, iron, and magnesium; XO versus cholesterol; CAT versus GSH. These findings suggest that the resting blood redox balance in the professional adolescent athletes was well maintained partly by the increase of individual antioxidant in adaptation to chronic exercise.
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What is Visualize?

JoVE Visualize is a tool created to match the last 5 years of PubMed publications to methods in JoVE's video library.

How does it work?

We use abstracts found on PubMed and match them to JoVE videos to create a list of 10 to 30 related methods videos.

Video X seems to be unrelated to Abstract Y...

In developing our video relationships, we compare around 5 million PubMed articles to our library of over 4,500 methods videos. In some cases the language used in the PubMed abstracts makes matching that content to a JoVE video difficult. In other cases, there happens not to be any content in our video library that is relevant to the topic of a given abstract. In these cases, our algorithms are trying their best to display videos with relevant content, which can sometimes result in matched videos with only a slight relation.